CN105019413B - Sector-shaped hollow water collecting gate - Google Patents

Sector-shaped hollow water collecting gate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105019413B
CN105019413B CN201510443546.9A CN201510443546A CN105019413B CN 105019413 B CN105019413 B CN 105019413B CN 201510443546 A CN201510443546 A CN 201510443546A CN 105019413 B CN105019413 B CN 105019413B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gate
water
fan
shaped hollow
water inlet
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201510443546.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105019413A (en
Inventor
王春堂
王世龑
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Shandong Agricultural University
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Shandong Agricultural University
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Publication of CN105019413A publication Critical patent/CN105019413A/en
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Publication of CN105019413B publication Critical patent/CN105019413B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention relates to a sector-shaped hollow water collecting gate which comprises a sector-shaped hollow gate body, gate piers, a gate bottom plate, a work bridge, a mechanical vibration reduction device, a water stopping device, a hollow shaft, bearings or hinges, a water pump, a water inlet pipe and a gate valve. One end of the central angle of the sector-shaped hollow gate body is fixed to the gate piers, intersecting with the gate bottom plate, on the two sides through the hollow shaft and the bearings or the hinges. The width of the sector-shaped hollow gate body is equal to the clear distance between the gate piers on the two sides. The height of the sector-shaped hollow gate body on the vertical face is equal to or slightly smaller than the height of the gate piers. The upper end of a gate back face door plate of the top of the sector-shaped hollow gate body is fixed to the work bridge through the mechanical vibration reduction device. The water inlet pipe and a water inlet pipe of the water pump are arranged on the left gate pier and the right gate pier respectively. By means of the water collecting gate, only water of the surface layer of a water source is diverted and obtained when the gate is used for water diversion, the content of silt is minimum, the water temperature is highest, and the water collecting gate is most suitable for crop growth and suitable for meeting the water use requirement of users.

Description

Fan-shaped hollow water gate
First, technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of fan-shaped hollow water gate.
2nd, background technology
Sluice has been obtained fully in vast hydraulic engineering as a kind of most widely used intake structure Use, huge effect is played in hydraulic engineering!Hydraulic gate species is a lot, can be divided into beam type lock by structural features Door, plane gate, roof gate, gates of segmental shape, drum gate, circular pipe type gate, arched gate, ball lock, floating box type lock Door etc., various gates due to the difference in structure, the characteristics of have each difference.Such as water gate, at present typically just outside Under power effect, carry out lift gate, allow the water to, under effect of water pressure, be flowed by crossing in aquaporin between gate bottom and gate floor Downstream, obtain the water yield.For controlling water diversion flow, with the needs gate for meeting irrigation, generate electricity or supply water, for controlling into canal Uninterrupted, in the middle of practice, application is more extensive.
General water intaking lock is all built in the head works position of channel, so this sluice is called canal head gate again.To guarantee The flow that introducing needs enters water-drawing channel with reduction silt as far as possible, prevents bed load sediment from being carried under one's arms into canal, normal meeting On the premise of diversion is required, set up scouring sluice and guide sand sill generally before intake gate, intake gate ground sill elevation should than bed level of the river, Scouring sluice ground sill elevation is higher.Even if so also usually introducing a large amount of silts.Furthermore, essentially all of water-drawing gate is big at present Vertical open-close type gate is all adopted, causes steering force larger;Be usually to be lifted up during diversion, water from gate bottom and gate pier it Between the cross-section of river in flow to downstream, the water of introducing is the water at water source deep layer position, if sediment charge is larger in water, the mud of introducing Husky content highest, is unfavorable for using.Meanwhile, water temperature is minimum, is not suitable for very much the requirement of irrigated area diversion.
3rd, the content of the invention
In order to solve the above problems, the invention provides a kind of fan-shaped hollow water gate, can make only to draw during gate diversion The water on water intaking source top layer, its sediment charge are minimum, water temperature highest, and optimum plant growth needs, and appropriate user is needed with water.
A kind of fan-shaped hollow water gate, including fan-shaped hollow gate, gate pier, gate floor, service bridge, mechanical vibration damping dress Put, sealing, hollow axle, bearing or hinge, water pump, water inlet pipe and gate valve;
The fan-shaped hollow gate, is by gate cambered surface door-plate, gate back side door-plate, gate bottom surface door-plate and two locks The sector gate of one inner hollow of door side panel sealing composition;Gate side panel is in sector, gate back side door-plate and gate Bottom surface door-plate is rectangular;Orthogonal diaphragm plate and midfeather are provided with inside fan-shaped hollow gate;Due to midfeather and tabula The effect of plate, makes the intensity and rigidity increase of gate, increased the stability of gate;If being provided with midfeather and diaphragm plate Dry hole hole, can be such that water flows freely in fan-shaped hollow gate.Simultaneously as be the cavity of sealing inside fan-shaped hollow gate, Fan-shaped hollow gate can be subject to the buoyancy of upper water, correspondingly alleviate manipulation when the fan-shaped hollow gate of control is rotated Power;Central angle one end of the fan-shaped hollow gate passes through hollow axle and bearing (or strand) is fixed on gate floor intersection two On the gate pier of side, fan-shaped hollow gate can be around hollow axle axial rotation;Described gate pier is symmetrically arranged vertically on gate floor Both sides, both sides gate pier and gate floor pour and build up an entirety, collectively forms lock chamber;The width and both sides lock of fan-shaped hollow gate Clear distance between pier is equal;Height of the fan-shaped hollow gate on facade is highly equal or lower slightly with gate pier;
The mechanical damping device (doubling as gate lifting device) is by gate strand, screw rod, twisted branch nut and twisted branch nut Frame is constituted, and the gate back side door-plate upper end at the top of fan-shaped hollow gate is hinged with gate, gate cut with scissors successively with screw rod, hinged spiral shell The connection of female and twisted branch nut bracket, twisted branch nut bracket are fixed on service bridge;When gate works, fan-shaped hollow gate is in buoyancy When swimming on the water surface under effect, in order to prevent gate from stronger vibration is produced with the fluctuation of water level, machine can be passed through The effect of tool vibration absorber, gate is suitably pressed in water a bit, the vibration of gate can be so effectively prevented;Meanwhile, can To ensure fan-shaped hollow gate top to the vertical dimension (i.e. diversion head H) between upper pond level, it is ensured that the size of water diversion, with Realize weighing the purpose of water intaking;When another effect of mechanical damping device (doubling as gate lifting device) is not fetch water, profit Fan-shaped hollow gate is lifted with screw rod, so that fan-shaped hollow closing gate, prevents the water yield from wasting;The hollow axle is inner hollow Door-hinge;Hollow axle is used to arrange water inlet pipe and pump water inlet;The water inlet pipe leading portion is horizontal to be arranged in the gate pier of left side (arrangement pump water inlet in the gate pier of right side, or reversed arrangement, i.e. right side arrangement water inlet pipe, left side arrangement pump water inlet), Gate pier upstream upstream face is stretched out in water inlet pipe import, and water inlet pipe import is communicated with water source;Water inlet pipe entrance is provided with gate valve, gate valve Valve body is arranged on the outside of gate pier upstream upstream face, and the valve body of gate valve passes through major axis and the gate valve handle phase being arranged at the top of gate pier Even, gate valve can control water inlet pipe flow;Water inlet pipe back segment is arranged in the inside of hollow axle left end, and make the outlet of water inlet pipe with Fan-shaped hollow gate inner chamber is communicated;Water inlet pipe can supply water into fan-shaped hollow gate;The pump water inlet leading portion is fixed on fan On the hollow gate bottom surface door-plate of shape, and inside the least significant end of fan-shaped hollow gate, pump water inlet and fan-shaped hollow gate Communicate, so the water in fan-shaped hollow gate can as often as possible be extracted out, to mitigate the quantity of water in gate, so as to mitigate lock Door and the gross weight of gate internal water, facilitate gate to rise;The interlude of pump water inlet is arranged in the inside of hollow axle right-hand member; The back segment of pump water inlet is arranged in the gate pier of right side, and is connected with water pump;Water body inside pump water inlet connection sector gate And water pump;The water pump, may be arranged at the top of gate pier or is arranged on service bridge, and water pump can adopt self priming pump, to save water pump Water filling system.
Water inlet pipe supplies water for sector gate, and the water in fan-shaped hollow gate is extracted out by water pump by pump water inlet;It is logical The water yield crossed in water inlet pipe and pumping plant (i.e. the assembly of pump water inlet and water pump assembly) scalable gate, such that it is able to The raising and lowering motion of regulating gate.When fan-shaped hollow gate needs to reduce water diversion, by water pump by fan-shaped hollow lock Water in door is extracted out, reduces the water yield in fan-shaped hollow gate, fan-shaped hollow gate is increased;When fan-shaped hollow gate needs to add During big water diversion, gate valve can be opened, by water inlet pipe to injected water volume in sector gate, decline fan-shaped hollow gate;Pass through The buoyancy size that the water yield in regulating gate is subject to regulating gate, come regulating gate top between upper pond level it is vertical away from From, it is ensured that certain diversion head, control water diversion size;Fan-shaped hollow gate peak is provided with breather, to prevent sector Vacuum state is formed in hollow gate, facilitates fan-shaped hollow gate water inlet and pumping for water pump.
During present invention work, after upland water amount changes, make water level change, fan-shaped hollow gate can be made in buoyancy Under effect, fan-shaped hollow gate is rotated around door-hinge, so that fan-shaped hollow gate is produced and rises or falls motion, make fan-shaped sky The cope level of heart gate is less than upstream water level certain altitude, and keeps constant, completes the purpose of quantitative water intaking, due to drawing Water is the water for drawing the water source top layer for taking, realize diversion water temperature it is higher and reduce silt introducing purpose:
When the upstream water yield is certain, its water level is certain value, by water inlet pipe diversion in fan-shaped hollow gate, or passes through water Pump extracts the water in fan-shaped hollow gate out a certain amount of method, adjusts the water yield in fan-shaped hollow gate, makes fan-shaped hollow Gate door top keeps the vertical discrepancy in elevation certain with water level, it is ensured that diversion head is constant, so as to ensure stablizing for water diversion, by In fan-shaped hollow gate diversion, it is water to be drawn from the top of fan-shaped hollow gate, so, fan-shaped hollow gate is equivalent to sediment trapping Bank, the silt of riverbed bottom are not just allowed to be easily introduced, it is ensured that the sediment charge of introducing is minimum, simultaneously as drawing, take is water source table The water of layer, its temperature are general higher, it is easier to meet the needs of irrigation and other parts water;To ensure that the water energy at water source passes through Water inlet pipe is flowed automatically in fan-shaped hollow gate, and when water pump is to extracardiac pumping, does not form vacuum state in fan-shaped hollow gate, The peak of gate is provided with breather.
If upland water amount increases, water level before gates is raised, and fan-shaped hollow gate can be raised, then be arrived by water inlet pipe diversion In fan-shaped hollow gate, or a certain amount of method of extraction in fan-shaped hollow gate is adjusted by fan-shaped hollow lock by water pump The water yield in door, makes gate be maintained at certain position, makes fan-shaped hollow gate door top keep the vertical height certain with water level Difference, it is ensured that diversion head is constant, so as to ensure stablizing for water diversion.If water level is raised again, under buoyancy of water effect, Fan-shaped hollow gate then continues rotation, and gate is further raised, or by controlling the water yield in fan-shaped hollow gate, makes Fan-shaped hollow gate header is always maintained at the discrepancy in elevation certain with the water source water surface, and to meet diversion needs, fan-shaped hollow gate can The maximum height for reaching, is to carry out aqueous condition by local water source, is designed by certain design dependability, with can be just under design situation Often work is foundation;
If during diversion, upland water amount reduces, water level declines, and fan-shaped hollow gate also declines therewith, also It is by controlling the water yield in fan-shaped hollow gate, making fan-shaped hollow gate header be always maintained at the height certain with the water source water surface Difference, to meet diversion needs;When water level declines to a certain extent, fan-shaped hollow gate drops to minimum point, fan-shaped empty Heart gate reaches maximum opening, and now, fan-shaped hollow gate is bearing on gate floor, and gate back side door-plate is in horizontality, To ensure that maximum diversion needs;In order to ensure that fan-shaped hollow gate does not produce stronger vibration in diversion process, it is provided with Mechanical vibration insulating system;Mechanical vibration insulating system (doubling as gate lifting device), when also carry not diversion, the effect of lift gate: If diversion is finished, fan-shaped hollow gate can be lifted, rotates up fan-shaped hollow gate by lift gate device, Fan-shaped hollow closing gate position is reached, and now, due to sealing being provided with fan-shaped hollow gate periphery, can prevent leak The generation of phenomenon, it is ensured that do not produce water loss.
4th, illustrate
The fan-shaped hollow water gate structure charts of Fig. 1
Along I-I section right view (i.e. closing gate state diagram) in Fig. 2 Fig. 1
Along I-I section left view in Fig. 3 Fig. 1
Fig. 4 draw down state schematic diagrams
1- gate piers;2- gate valves;3- service bridges;4- breathers;5- gates are twisted;6- screw rods;7- twisted branch nuts;8- twisted branch nuts Support;9- gates back side door-plate;10- sealings;11- water pumps;12- hollow axles;13- bearings;14- gate floors;15- gate bottom surface doors Plate;16- pump water inlets;17- water inlet pipes;18- diaphragm plates;19- midfeathers;20- gate cambered surface door-plates;21- gate side panels
5th, specific embodiment
Gate pier, gate floor be xoncrete structure or reinforced concrete structure or stone masonry structure etc., it is big depending on the upstream depth of water Depending on little;Both sides gate pier and gate floor cast in situs, and pour and build up a complete overall structure, to increase its stability;This In invention, gate pier pier top elevation should be greater than upper pond level certain altitude, to ensure safe operation as foundation;Fan-shaped hollow gate is adopted With materials such as steel or alloys, should ensure that gate is water-tight, fan-shaped hollow gate should have enough rigidity and intensity, carry out anti- Rust process, is provided with vertical and horizontal dividing plate in fan-shaped hollow gate, to increase its rigidity and intensity.
Sealing is provided between fan-shaped hollow gate and gate pier, and gate floor between, to prevent gate from producing leak Phenomenon.
Aperture size when fan-shaped hollow gate works is produced buoyancy to control by gate, so, the spatial form of gate And volume size should be by calculating comprehensive determination.
When fan-shaped hollow gate does not need work, closed with gate lifting device regulating gate, to meet to fan-shaped empty The manipulation of heart gate.
Fan-shaped hollow gate, with advantages below:
(1) only draw the water on water intaking source top layer during fan-shaped hollow gate diversion, solve now widely used hoisting type lock Door can only draw the problem of water intaking source bottom water, and the water sediment charge of extraction is little, and water temperature is higher, and suitably supplying water needs, for irrigation For diversion, as the silt for introducing is few, both prevented desertification of land, while water temperature is higher, suitable for crop it is long-living.
(2) can realize weighing water intaking.By gate buoyancy, sector can be adjusted with the lifting of upper pond level at any time The aperture of hollow gate, it is ensured that fan-shaped hollow gate top is to the vertical discrepancy in elevation between the water source water surface, it is ensured that certain diversion head, Water withdrawal size is drawn in guarantee.
The present invention innovative point be:
1. current gates of segmental shape is opened and closed the control method for fully relying on external force effect, has been designed to using fan-shaped The buoyancy that hollow gate itself is produced carrys out regulating gate aperture, the power for significantly reducing gate opening or needing when closing, from And it is more stable to make gate work;
2. make use of the buoyancy of fan-shaped hollow gate to carry out the aperture of automatic controlling gate, realize to gatage Immediately control, realize the automatically taking water of gate;
3. only draw the water on water intaking source top layer during fan-shaped hollow gate diversion, reduce silt and contain into amount, meanwhile, improve and draw Enter the water temperature of the water yield.
Fan-shaped hollow gate design principle is unique, solves current gate and cannot take that superficial water, diversion silt is excessive, water The problems such as warm low and larger manipulation force, no matter technically, or the aspect such as performance, generate qualitative leap.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of fan-shaped hollow water gate, it is characterised in that including fan-shaped hollow gate, gate pier, gate floor, service bridge, machinery Vibration absorber, sealing, hollow axle, bearing or hinge, water inlet pipe, pump water inlet, water pump and gate valve;
Described gate pier is symmetrically arranged vertically on the both sides of gate floor;
The fan-shaped hollow gate is by gate cambered surface door-plate, gate back side door-plate, gate bottom surface door-plate and two gate sides The sector gate of one inner hollow of plate sealing composition;Gate side panel is in sector, gate back side door-plate and gate bottom surface door Plate is rectangular;Orthogonal diaphragm plate and midfeather are provided with inside fan-shaped hollow gate;It is respectively provided with midfeather and diaphragm plate There are some holes;Central angle one end of the fan-shaped hollow gate is fixed on and is intersected with gate floor by hollow axle, bearing or strand On the both sides gate pier at place, fan-shaped hollow gate can be around hollow axle axial rotation;The width and both sides gate pier of fan-shaped hollow gate Between clear distance it is equal;Height of the fan-shaped hollow gate on facade is highly equal or lower slightly with gate pier;
The mechanical damping device is made up of gate strand, screw rod, twisted branch nut and twisted branch nut bracket;At the top of fan-shaped hollow gate Gate back side door-plate upper end be hinged with gate, gate hinge be connected with screw rod, hinged nut and twisted branch nut bracket successively, strand Prop up nut bracket to be fixed on service bridge;Door-hinge of the hollow axle for inner hollow;Hollow axle is used to arrange water inlet pipe and water Pump water inlet pipe;The water inlet pipe leading portion is arranged horizontally in the gate pier of left side, and gate pier upstream upstream face is stretched out in water inlet pipe import, water inlet Pipe import is communicated with water source;Water inlet pipe entrance is provided with gate valve, and gate valve body is arranged on the outside of gate pier upstream upstream face, lock The valve body of valve is connected with the gate valve handle being arranged at the top of gate pier by major axis, gate valve control water inlet pipe flow;Water inlet pipe back segment The inside of hollow axle left end is arranged in, and the outlet of water inlet pipe is communicated with fan-shaped hollow gate inner chamber;Water inlet pipe is to fan-shaped sky Supply water in heart gate;The pump water inlet front end is fixed on fan-shaped hollow gate bottom surface door-plate and near fan-shaped hollow gate Least significant end;Pump water inlet is communicated with inside fan-shaped hollow gate;The interlude of pump water inlet is arranged in hollow axle right-hand member Inside;The back segment of pump water inlet is arranged in the gate pier of right side, and is connected with water pump;In pump water inlet connection sector gate Portion's water body and water pump;Water pump is arranged at the top of gate pier or on service bridge.
CN201510443546.9A 2015-07-25 2015-07-25 Sector-shaped hollow water collecting gate Expired - Fee Related CN105019413B (en)

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106522175A (en) * 2016-12-20 2017-03-22 黄河勘测规划设计有限公司 Automatic opening and closing type hydraulic radial gate
CN106759154A (en) * 2017-03-17 2017-05-31 山东农业大学 Controllable type weighs the hollow gate of water intaking

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2074321U (en) * 1990-07-16 1991-04-03 杨金贤 Automatic control gate for hydraulic engineering
JPH10204855A (en) * 1997-01-23 1998-08-04 Hitachi Zosen Corp River gate
JP2003201710A (en) * 2001-10-30 2003-07-18 Ishikawajima Harima Heavy Ind Co Ltd Floating flap gate
JP2006200138A (en) * 2005-01-18 2006-08-03 Ishikawajima Harima Heavy Ind Co Ltd Working method for watertight device of gate, working device for use in the method, and gate equipped with watertight device using the method
CN200952130Y (en) * 2006-08-07 2007-09-26 长沙东屋机电有限责任公司 Arc gate for down-the-hole type drainage way
CN203174564U (en) * 2013-04-09 2013-09-04 黄达 Flap gate
CN104334799A (en) * 2012-05-22 2015-02-04 海德普拉斯公司 Automatic adjustable valve
CN104652375A (en) * 2015-03-03 2015-05-27 山东农业大学 Front tilting type water intake gate
CN104775402A (en) * 2015-04-15 2015-07-15 扬州楚门机电设备制造有限公司 Hydraulic lifting weir
CN204959704U (en) * 2015-07-25 2016-01-13 山东农业大学 Fan -shaped hollow water intaking gate

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2074321U (en) * 1990-07-16 1991-04-03 杨金贤 Automatic control gate for hydraulic engineering
JPH10204855A (en) * 1997-01-23 1998-08-04 Hitachi Zosen Corp River gate
JP2003201710A (en) * 2001-10-30 2003-07-18 Ishikawajima Harima Heavy Ind Co Ltd Floating flap gate
JP2006200138A (en) * 2005-01-18 2006-08-03 Ishikawajima Harima Heavy Ind Co Ltd Working method for watertight device of gate, working device for use in the method, and gate equipped with watertight device using the method
CN200952130Y (en) * 2006-08-07 2007-09-26 长沙东屋机电有限责任公司 Arc gate for down-the-hole type drainage way
CN104334799A (en) * 2012-05-22 2015-02-04 海德普拉斯公司 Automatic adjustable valve
CN203174564U (en) * 2013-04-09 2013-09-04 黄达 Flap gate
CN104652375A (en) * 2015-03-03 2015-05-27 山东农业大学 Front tilting type water intake gate
CN104775402A (en) * 2015-04-15 2015-07-15 扬州楚门机电设备制造有限公司 Hydraulic lifting weir
CN204959704U (en) * 2015-07-25 2016-01-13 山东农业大学 Fan -shaped hollow water intaking gate

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