CN104998730B - Vertical household garbage crusher - Google Patents

Vertical household garbage crusher Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104998730B
CN104998730B CN201510539046.5A CN201510539046A CN104998730B CN 104998730 B CN104998730 B CN 104998730B CN 201510539046 A CN201510539046 A CN 201510539046A CN 104998730 B CN104998730 B CN 104998730B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
crushing cutter
hawk
disintegrating machine
rotor
rotary shaft
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201510539046.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104998730A (en
Inventor
陈庆平
曹贵华
曹健
陈石玉
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hunan Pusi Environmental Protection Energy Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Hunan Pusi Environmental Protection Energy Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hunan Pusi Environmental Protection Energy Co Ltd filed Critical Hunan Pusi Environmental Protection Energy Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510539046.5A priority Critical patent/CN104998730B/en
Publication of CN104998730A publication Critical patent/CN104998730A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104998730B publication Critical patent/CN104998730B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/08Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers
    • B02C18/10Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers with drive arranged above container
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/0084Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage
    • B02C18/0092Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage for waste water or for garbage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/18Knives; Mountings thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/22Feed or discharge means
    • B02C18/2216Discharge means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/22Feed or discharge means
    • B02C18/2225Feed means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/24Drives

Abstract

The invention provides a vertical household garbage crusher which comprises a material feeding tank, an ash particle outlet and supporting feet, wherein the bottom part of the main body of the crusher is provided with the supporting feet, the top part of the main body of the crusher is sealed through a covering plate, the material feeding tank is arranged at one side of the covering plate, a rotary cylinder is arranged at the top part of the inner chamber of the main body of the crusher through a rotating shaft, the peripheral surface of the rotary cylinder is provided with a first crushing knife group and a second crushing knife group, a cylinder cover is arranged on the rotating shaft above the rotary cylinder, a material guide plate is arranged below the material feeding tank, an inclined ash leaking plate is arranged below the rotary cylinder, the lower end of the ash leaking plate is downwards connected with a garbage outlet, an ash discharging plate is arranged below the ash leaking plate, and the lower end of the ash discharging plate is connected with the ash particle outlet. According to the scheme, due to the fact that the shell of the crusher is vertical, blades almost rotate and move horizontally, an entered material is less likely to fly from an inlet, and the safety is greatly improved.

Description

A kind of vertical daily garbage disintegrating machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of waste treatment, a kind of vertical daily garbage disintegrating machine is referred in particular to.
Background technology
Rubbish constitutes a threat to the existence of the mankind, and the conventional processing method landfill of current refuse disposal and burning are not Such as people's will.With the development of biomass gasification technology, the effect unique of its treatment rubbish increasingly gets the nod, at refuse gasification Reason technology constantly moves towards practical.Refuse gasification technology will expect preferable treatment effect, need first to pre-process rubbish, Most important of which is that broken.It is demonstrated experimentally that refuse breaking is critically important for the gasification process of rubbish:One is advantageous for rubbish takes off Solid carbon dioxide point;Two volumes for being advantageous for reducing rubbish;Three is the effect that can improve refuse gasification.
For the refuse breaking of refuse gasification requirement, different from the broken of ordinary material and crush, common disintegrating machine and Pulverizer is not suitable for.Must develop it is a kind of for refuse gasification feature and require disintegrating machine, reduce rubbish volume and Change the shape of rubbish, be allowed to be more suitable for the gasification process requirement of rubbish.
Have a kind of product at present double rod shredders, torn up rubbish extruding using the multiple blade on double rods, effect compared with It is good, but its equipment cost higher and blade maintenance cost, cause it to be difficult to be accepted extensively by market.Also have one on the market Plant and be applied to the blade crusher that rural refuse gasification treatment needs, make with preferable refuse breaking effect, but equipment There are problems that two during:One be charging aperture have sometimes hard thing reversely fly out it is dangerous;Two be cloth in rubbish and Polybag etc. is easily wrapped on the roller and axle of blade and rotation.Particularly Second Problem, has a strong impact on refuse grinder Continue use.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, there is provided a kind of simple structure, easy to operate, crushing effect The good, refuse grinder of the vertical structure of long service life, low cost.
To achieve the above object, technical scheme provided by the present invention is:A kind of vertical daily garbage disintegrating machine, it includes There are material feeding box, clutch shaft bearing, rotary shaft, motor, dust block board, the second support frame, leak hawk, go out hawk, garbage outlet, soot particle and go out Mouth, support feet, wherein, disintegrating machine main body is cylindrical, cylindrical-shaped main body right angle setting, and its bottom is provided with support feet, and top leads to Cover plate for sealing is crossed, cover plate side is provided with material feeding box, and rotary shaft is arranged on the first support frame of cover plate bottom by clutch shaft bearing, Vertically downward, its vertical end bottom is connected with rotor for rotary shaft lower end, and rotor outer peripheral face is provided with first and crushes Knife group and the second crushing cutter group, the vertical range between the first crushing cutter group and the second crushing cutter group are 80mm~300mm, first Crushing cutter group and the second crushing cutter group are constituted crushing cutter by 2~4, and crushing cutter is distributed on rotor outer peripheral face along the center of circle On, the same level of rotor is installed on the crushing cutter of group, the downward-sloping certain angle of crushing cutter cutting edge after fixing, Crushing cutter cutting edge is α, 00≤α≤100 with the angle of horizontal plane;Rotary shaft above rotor is provided with cylindrical cap, cylinder Cover is assembled on the rotary shaft by second bearing activity;Cylindrical cap is up-small and down-big cone, with the first support frame at the top of it Connection, cylindrical cap bottom is fixed in disintegrating machine main body by the second support frame, and positioned at the top of rotor, cylindrical cap bottom Portion is with diameter greater than rotor diameter;Disintegrating machine body lumen wall below material feeding box is provided with material guide plate, in rotary shaft Drive is provided with, drive is connected by belt with the motor on disintegrating machine body outer wall, disintegrating machine main body inner side Belt be provided with dust block board, be provided with inclined leakage hawk in the disintegrating machine main body below rotor, leak the inclination angle of hawk It is 30~75 ° to spend, and some apertures are furnished with above leakage hawk plate, and hole diameter is 10~30mm;The relatively low one end of leakage hawk is downward It is connected with the garbage outlet in disintegrating machine main body, leakage hawk lower section is provided with out hawk, goes out hawk and is inclined and mounted on broken owner Body bottom, its angle of inclination is consistent with the angle of inclination of leakage hawk, goes out the relatively low one end of hawk and is connected with soot particle outlet.
This programme has technical effect that:
Firstth, this device structure is simple, and fault rate is low.
Secondth, this equipment motor is arranged on the side of disintegrating machine, is rotated at a high speed with belt drive rotary shaft, on rotor Crushing cutter at a high speed rotate, will enter disintegrating machine in refuse breaking, the dust block board above belt prevent soot particle fall bearing and On belt.
3rd, crushing cutter is arranged on rotor, and equiblibrium mass distribution is installed, and can keep axis of rotation stabilization, prevents work Disintegrating machine vibrations are excessive when making, and improve the stability of a system.
4th, the edge of a knife of each knife of crushing cutter is slightly downward, contribute to it is broken after material it is quick downwards from discharge door out.
5th, rotary shaft cylindrical cap is located at the top for rolling cylinder, prevents the materials such as cloth, plastics from being twined in shattering process It is wound on rotor and rotary shaft.
6th, rubbish is oriented to material guiding hopper the front end position of crushing cutter, plays more preferable crushing effect, and can prevent Rubbish into disintegrating machine directly flies out between crushing cutter and shell, does not reach broken effect.
7th, leakage hawk is located at crushing cutter lower section with hawk is gone out, and inclined-plane is placed, and some apertures are covered with above leakage hawk, will Soot particle after broken in rubbish spills with the material of small volume.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is overall structure diagram of the invention.
Specific embodiment
With reference to all accompanying drawings, the invention will be further described, and presently preferred embodiments of the present invention is:Referring to accompanying drawing 1, Vertical daily garbage disintegrating machine described in the present embodiment includes material feeding box 1, clutch shaft bearing 2, rotary shaft 9, motor 10, dust block board 13rd, the second support frame 14, leakage hawk 15, go out hawk 16, garbage outlet 17, soot particle outlet 18, support feet 19, wherein, disintegrating machine Main body is cylindrical, cylindrical-shaped main body right angle setting, and its bottom is provided with support feet 19, and top is by cover plate for sealing, cover plate side Material feeding box 1 is provided with, rotary shaft 9 is arranged on the first support frame 3 of cover plate bottom by clutch shaft bearing 2, and the lower end of rotary shaft 9 is vertical Downwards, its vertical end bottom is connected with rotor 7, and it is broken that the outer peripheral face of rotor 7 is provided with the first crushing cutter group 6 and second Broken knife group 8, the vertical range between the first crushing cutter group 6 and the second crushing cutter group 8 is 80mm~300mm, the first crushing cutter group 6 Crushing cutter is constituted by 2~4 with the second crushing cutter group 8, crushing cutter is distributed on the outer peripheral face of rotor 7 along the center of circle, same group Crushing cutter be installed on the same level of rotor 7, it is fixed after the downward-sloping certain angle of crushing cutter cutting edge, crushing cutter Cutting edge is α, 00≤α≤100 with the angle of horizontal plane;The rotary shaft 9 of the top of rotor 7 is provided with cylindrical cap 4, cylindrical cap 4 It is assemblied in rotary shaft 9 by the activity of second bearing 11;Cylindrical cap 4 is up-small and down-big cone, and its top supports with first Frame 3 is connected, and the bottom of cylindrical cap 4 is fixed in disintegrating machine main body by the second support frame 14, and positioned at the top of rotor 7, The base diameter of cylindrical cap 4 is more than the diameter of rotor 7;The disintegrating machine body lumen wall of the lower section of material feeding box 1 is provided with material guiding Plate 5, rotary shaft 9 is provided with drive, and drive is connected by belt 12 with the motor 10 on disintegrating machine body outer wall Connect, the belt 12 on the inside of disintegrating machine main body is provided with dust block board 13, is provided with inclined in the disintegrating machine main body of the lower section of rotor 7 Leakage hawk 15, the angle of inclination for leaking hawk 15 is 30~75 °, and some apertures are furnished with above the leakage plate of hawk 15, and hole diameter is 10 ~30mm;The relatively low one end of leakage hawk 15 is connected downwards with the garbage outlet 17 in disintegrating machine main body, and the lower section of leakage hawk 15 sets There is hawk 16, go out hawk 16 and be inclined and mounted on disintegrating machine bottom part body, the angle of inclination one of its angle of inclination and leakage hawk 15 Cause, go out the relatively low one end of hawk 16 and be connected with soot particle outlet 18.This programme increases by one on rotor and rotary shaft to be prevented Shield, increases a targeting port, by the high speed rotation portion of rubbish guide blade, so that it may effectively prevent cloth and plastics to blade Bag etc. is wrapped on blade, roller and axle, and improves crushing effect.Because disintegrating machine shell is vertical, blade is almost parallel Rotary motion, the material of entrance is not easy to be flown out from entrance, and security performance is greatly improved.
The embodiment of the above is only the preferred embodiments of the invention, not limits practical range of the invention with this, Therefore the change that all shapes according to the present invention, principle are made, all should cover within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of vertical daily garbage disintegrating machine, it is characterised in that:It includes material feeding box(1), clutch shaft bearing(2), rotary shaft (9), motor(10), dust block board(13), the second support frame(14), leakage hawk(15), go out hawk(16), garbage outlet(17), ash Grain outlet(18), support feet(19), wherein, disintegrating machine main body is cylindrical, and cylindrical-shaped main body right angle setting, its bottom is provided with branch Spike(19), by cover plate for sealing, cover plate side is provided with material feeding box at top(1), rotary shaft(9)By clutch shaft bearing(2)Install In the first support frame of cover plate bottom(3)On, rotary shaft(9)Lower end vertically downward, its vertical end bottom and rotor(7)Phase Connection, rotor(7)Outer peripheral face is provided with the first crushing cutter group(6)With the second crushing cutter group(8), the first crushing cutter group(6) With the second crushing cutter group(8)Between vertical range be 80mm~300mm, the first crushing cutter group(6)With the second crushing cutter group(8) Crushing cutter is constituted by 2~4, crushing cutter is distributed on rotor along the center of circle(7)On outer peripheral face, it is installed on the crushing cutter of group Rotor(7)Same level, it is fixed after the downward-sloping certain angle of crushing cutter cutting edge, crushing cutter cutting edge and horizontal plane Angle be α, 00≤α≤100;Rotor(7)The rotary shaft of top(9)It is provided with cylindrical cap(4), cylindrical cap(4)Pass through Second bearing(11)Activity is assemblied in rotary shaft(9)On;Cylindrical cap(4)It is up-small and down-big cone, with first at the top of it Support(3)Connection, cylindrical cap(4)Bottom passes through the second support frame(14)It is fixed in disintegrating machine main body, and positioned at rotor (7)Top, cylindrical cap(4)Base diameter is more than rotor(7)Diameter;Material feeding box(1)The disintegrating machine body lumen of lower section Wall is provided with material guide plate(5), rotary shaft(9)Drive is provided with, drive passes through belt(12)With installed in disintegrating machine Motor on body outer wall(10)It is connected, the belt on the inside of disintegrating machine main body(12)It is provided with dust block board(13), rotor (7)Inclined leakage hawk is provided with the disintegrating machine main body of lower section(15), leak hawk(15)Angle of inclination be 30~75 °, leakage ash Plate(15)Some apertures are furnished with above plate, hole diameter is 10~30mm;Leakage hawk(15)Relatively low one end is downwards and disintegrating machine Garbage outlet in main body(17)It is connected, leaks hawk(15)Lower section is provided with out hawk(16), go out hawk(16)It is inclined and mounted on Disintegrating machine bottom part body, its angle of inclination and leakage hawk(15)Angle of inclination it is consistent, go out hawk(16)Relatively low one end and ash Grain outlet(18)It is connected.
CN201510539046.5A 2015-08-29 2015-08-29 Vertical household garbage crusher Expired - Fee Related CN104998730B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510539046.5A CN104998730B (en) 2015-08-29 2015-08-29 Vertical household garbage crusher

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510539046.5A CN104998730B (en) 2015-08-29 2015-08-29 Vertical household garbage crusher

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104998730A CN104998730A (en) 2015-10-28
CN104998730B true CN104998730B (en) 2017-05-24

Family

ID=54371744

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510539046.5A Expired - Fee Related CN104998730B (en) 2015-08-29 2015-08-29 Vertical household garbage crusher

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104998730B (en)

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106111279B (en) * 2016-06-29 2018-05-08 上海浦东环保发展有限公司 One kind is used for kitchen garbage slurrying and the separated integrated equipment of weight impurity
CN107617470B (en) * 2017-11-03 2019-10-25 林家豪 A kind of device for pulverizing rubbish of negative pressure blanking

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2317942Y (en) * 1997-11-25 1999-05-12 任永林 Life garbage treatment machine
CN202823529U (en) * 2012-08-28 2013-03-27 湖南伟业动物营养集团有限公司 Feed grinder
CN103932356A (en) * 2014-05-09 2014-07-23 中国中轻国际工程有限公司 Special red date crushing device for producing red date juice
CN204564252U (en) * 2015-03-10 2015-08-19 庞军涛 A kind of efficient medicinal herb grinder
CN204974071U (en) * 2015-08-29 2016-01-20 湖南普丝环保能源有限公司 Vertical domestic waste breaker

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2003001130A (en) * 2001-04-20 2003-01-07 Mitsubishi Electric Engineering Co Ltd Apparatus for treating infectious waste and method for sterilization treatment thereof
DE10326950A1 (en) * 2003-06-12 2005-01-20 Martin Yale International Gmbh Shredders
KR100585253B1 (en) * 2005-02-02 2006-05-30 교하환경 주식회사 Sandmill that is possibly separated powder from sand

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2317942Y (en) * 1997-11-25 1999-05-12 任永林 Life garbage treatment machine
CN202823529U (en) * 2012-08-28 2013-03-27 湖南伟业动物营养集团有限公司 Feed grinder
CN103932356A (en) * 2014-05-09 2014-07-23 中国中轻国际工程有限公司 Special red date crushing device for producing red date juice
CN204564252U (en) * 2015-03-10 2015-08-19 庞军涛 A kind of efficient medicinal herb grinder
CN204974071U (en) * 2015-08-29 2016-01-20 湖南普丝环保能源有限公司 Vertical domestic waste breaker

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN104998730A (en) 2015-10-28

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN106508316A (en) Environment-friendly processing equipment for straw
CN206716112U (en) A kind of Chinese medicinal material two level crushing grinding device
CN205084845U (en) Construction waste recycling apparatus
CN205020171U (en) Medicine crushing device
CN104998730B (en) Vertical household garbage crusher
CN201711197U (en) Food garbage processor cutter
CN110170366B (en) Indoor rubbish shredding device
CN207981328U (en) House refuse pulverization process environmental protecting device
CN209022292U (en) Waste material recovery device is used in a kind of production of woven bag
CN103586109B (en) A kind of device for kitchen garbage breaking slurrying sorting
CN204974071U (en) Vertical domestic waste breaker
CN109453869A (en) A kind of immobilized waste rubbish, which is persistently handled, uses grinding device
CN107469952A (en) A kind of medicinal material pulverizer for being easy to feeding
CN206139292U (en) A reducing mechanism for urban garbage disposal
CN105689077B (en) A kind of safe and efficient biomass pulverizer
CN205345542U (en) Domestic garbage bag breaker
CN210940049U (en) Automatic recovery unit that smashes of plastic waste of environmental protection
CN206253205U (en) A kind of rubbish crushes dust arrester
CN104998727A (en) Efficient Raymond mill
CN205462560U (en) Safe efficient rubbing crusher
CN206602873U (en) A kind of straw millstone
CN109225436A (en) A kind of broken recyclable device of construction waste
CN109501050A (en) A kind of uniform rubber pulverizing case of multi-stag crushing
CN204320424U (en) A kind of feed arrangement of multi-functional automatic crusher
CN204365432U (en) A kind of pesticide granules Material disintegrator

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20170524

Termination date: 20200829

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee