CN104931027A - Facing pattern projection setting-out method - Google Patents

Facing pattern projection setting-out method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104931027A
CN104931027A CN201510341411.1A CN201510341411A CN104931027A CN 104931027 A CN104931027 A CN 104931027A CN 201510341411 A CN201510341411 A CN 201510341411A CN 104931027 A CN104931027 A CN 104931027A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
construction surface
point
decorative pattern
setting
projection line
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Granted
Application number
CN201510341411.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104931027B (en
Inventor
刘晓红
胡传伟
马娟
赵强民
甘美娜
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PALM LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE CO Ltd
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PALM LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE CO Ltd
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Priority to CN201510341411.1A priority Critical patent/CN104931027B/en
Publication of CN104931027A publication Critical patent/CN104931027A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C15/00Surveying instruments or accessories not provided for in groups G01C1/00 - G01C13/00
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C15/00Surveying instruments or accessories not provided for in groups G01C1/00 - G01C13/00
    • G01C15/02Means for marking measuring points

Abstract

The invention provides a facing pattern projection setting-out method. The method is characterized in that at least three feature points which are not located on one straight line are selected from a pattern required to be set out on a construction drawing and are marked through thickening, the positions of the feature points are calculated to calculate the distances between the feature points and reference points in practical engineering, then a steel ruler or a leather measuring tape and other measurement tools are used for performing accurate setting out on the three features points selected from the construction face, a projector is used for enabling the three features points on the construction face and three sample points arranged on the construction face so as to complete projection positioning, and finally drawing a pattern contour line on the construction face according to a projected pattern so as to complete setting-out work of the whole pattern. The facing pattern projection setting-out method has the advantages of being simple, convenient and quick to set out, high in accuracy, less in investment, high in reliability and easy to operate and transfer and adopting simple and easy devices.

Description

A kind of projection line-putting method of decorative pattern
[technical field]
The present invention relates to Garden Engineering technical field of construction, especially relate to a kind of central projection line-putting method of decorative pattern.
[background technology]
Along with the maturation day by day of garden landscape industry, the aesthstic cosmetic requirement of garden landscape inscape is more and more higher, and colourful figure line skin texture brings larger challenge to construction, especially more and more higher to the requirement of the construction line-putting.The construction line-putting is step the most basic in Garden Engineering, is the first step carrying out Garden Engineering, and the whether accurate of the construction line-putting is directly connected to the quality height of whole engineering and the quality of landscape effect.Traditional garden layout line-putting method mainly contains square mesh method and surveyor's table combination method, but square mesh method unwrapping wire is a kind of rough evaluation method inherently, the judgment simultaneously implementing again people with unwrapping wire has much relations, so the result of unwrapping wire often has larger deviation; Although surveyor's table combination method is more accurate than simple square mesh method, but it needs drawing to be placed on surveyor's table, execution conditions are affected by climate change larger, simultaneously due to the architectural characteristic of surveyor's table self, cisco unity malfunction in the landform that some are comparatively complicated, therefore its work efficiency is lower, and usable range is subject to certain restrictions.
Along with the development of the development of science and technology, particularly GPS, computer measurement technology and computer aided drawing, the accurate unwrapping wire of Garden Engineering is made to become possibility.But high-precision GPS price is costly, less use in Garden Engineering construction; Total powerstation, as a kind of ground survey instrument of multifunctional efficient rate, in recent years obtain application in construction work and Garden Engineering, but it has more advantages in large area engineering unwrapping wire, in the small scale pattern unwrapping wire of gardens style facing class, be difficult to effective use.
The present invention makes in view of the situation.
[summary of the invention]
The present invention seeks to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of simple and easy to do and the projection line-putting method of the decorative pattern of the accurate unwrapping wire of small scale style decorative pattern can be realized.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
A projection line-putting method for decorative pattern, is characterized in that including following steps:
A, in working drawing, at least three not unique point 3,4,5 point-blank overstriking marks are chosen to the pattern 2 of required unwrapping wire;
B, in working drawing, calculate the coordinate of described unique point 3,4,5 relative coordinate initial point 9 respectively, calculate the coordinate of described unique point 3,4,5 relative reference point 8 in described construction surface 1 according to the construction surface 1 size relation of working drawing and Practical Project again;
C, in described construction surface 1, setting-out is carried out to described unique point 3,4,5, the position of point in described construction surface 1 of overstriking mark setting-out;
D, erection projector 6 adjust the distance of itself and described construction surface 1, make the described unique point 3,4,5 in working drawing overlap completely with the point of setting-out in described construction surface 1;
E, in described construction surface 1, carry out the drafting of pattern contour line, finishing patterns setting-out work by the pattern 2 after projection in step B.
The projection line-putting method of decorative pattern as above, is characterized in that: the unique point described in step B is three.
The projection line-putting method of decorative pattern as above, is characterized in that: adopt ruler or the unique point 3,4,5 of tape measure to described construction surface 1 to carry out accurate setting-out in step C.
The projection line-putting method of decorative pattern as above, is characterized in that: described projector 6 carries out vertical projection to described construction surface 1.
The projection line-putting method of decorative pattern as above, is characterized in that: the construction surface 1 described in steps A is perpendicular.
The projection line-putting method of decorative pattern as above, it is characterized in that: at ground erection projector equipment support 7 in step D, adjust described support 7 and make its height and described construction surface 1 center in the same horizontal line, described projector 6 is located on described support 7.
The projection line-putting method of decorative pattern as above, is characterized in that: described construction surface 1 flattened before step C and clean clean.
The projection line-putting method of decorative pattern as above, is characterized in that: described three unique points 3,4,5 are on the edge of construction pattern.
The projection line-putting method of decorative pattern as above, is characterized in that: described projector 6 is measuring projector.
The projection line-putting method of decorative pattern as above, is characterized in that: described reference point 8 is the point of arbitrfary point in described construction surface 1 or one of them setting-out.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has the following advantages:
1, line-putting method of the present invention is simple and efficient, and degree of accuracy is high, device simple, small investment, and reliability is strong, stability is high, be easy to operation and transfer, especially has superiority in the small scale pattern unwrapping wire of gardens style facing class.
[accompanying drawing explanation]
Fig. 1 is the inventive method planimetric map, and the height of figure medium-height trestle and construction surface center are in the same horizontal line;
Fig. 2 is the figure of required unwrapping wire in working drawing;
Fig. 3 is the setting-out of construction surface unique point, and in figure, three do not have labelled point to be the point of setting-out;
Fig. 4 is the inventive method schematic diagram.
In figure: 1 is construction surface; 2 is pattern; 3,4,5 is three unique points; 6 is projector; 7 is support; 8 is reference point; 9 is true origin.
[embodiment]
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the technology of the present invention feature is described in further detail so that described those skilled in the art can understand.
A projection line-putting method for decorative pattern, includes following steps:
A, in working drawing, at least three not unique point 3,4,5 point-blank overstriking marks are chosen to the pattern 2 of required unwrapping wire;
B, in working drawing, calculate the coordinate of described unique point 3,4,5 relative coordinate initial point 9, according to the construction surface 1 size relation of working drawing and Practical Project calculate described unique point 3,4,5 in construction surface 1 with the position coordinates of reference point 8; Described reference point 8 can be the arbitrfary point in described construction surface 1.
C, in described construction surface 1, setting-out is carried out to described unique point 3,4,5, the position of point in described construction surface 1 of overstriking mark setting-out;
D, erection projector 6 adjust the distance of itself and described construction surface 1, make the described unique point 3,4,5 in working drawing overlap completely with the point of setting-out in described construction surface 1;
E, in described construction surface 1, carry out the drafting of pattern contour line by the pattern 2 after projection in step B, complete the setting-out work of whole pattern.
Unique point described in the present embodiment is three, be labeled as 3,4,5 respectively, described working drawing is drawn by computer and is projected in the construction surface 1 of Practical Project through projector 6, and described three unique points 3,4,5 are on the edge of construction pattern, and three unique points are not on same straight line.
The method that described step B calculates the position coordinates of unique point 3,4,5 in working drawing is the level of calculating three unique points 3,4,5 relative coordinate initial point 9 and vertical distance, amplify according to the ratio of working drawing and construction surface 1 again, in construction surface 1 optional a bit as a reference point 8, this reference point 8 is equivalent to the true origin in construction surface, calculates the point of setting-out and the level of reference point 8 and vertical distance.Step C re-uses the survey instrument such as ruler or tape measure and carry out accurate setting-out in construction surface 1.Measure the point of setting-out and the level of reference point 8 and vertical distance, as shown in Figure 3, horizontal range a and the vertical distance b of one of them layout point and reference point 8 is measured in proportion according to survey instruments such as the position ruler of unique point in working drawing 3 or tape measures, thus determine the position of this layout point of construction surface 1, other layout point are also as herewith legal position.
Reference point 8 in Fig. 3 can be the arbitrfary point in described construction surface 1, also can be specified point in construction surface 1 to reach certain feature region the object of accurate Drawing of pattern 2 being limited in construction surface 1, if in working drawing using certain unique point as true origin 9, then reference point 8 is then the point of one of them setting-out in construction surface 1.
Described projector 6 must be carried out vertical projection to described construction surface 1 during projection, described construction surface 1 can be vertical plane or the plane of inclination.
Construction surface 1 shown in the present embodiment Fig. 1 is perpendicular, at ground erection projector equipment support 7, adjusts described support 7 and makes its height and described construction surface 1 center in the same horizontal line, to reduce the edge deformation of projection as far as possible; Be convenient to the working drawing after projecting and just cover whole construction surface, described projector 6 is located on described support 7.
Described projector 6 is measuring projector.
The present invention just described construction surface 1 must flatten and clean clean before carry out setting-out to unique point in described construction surface 1.
The relative square mesh method of projection line-putting method of decorative pattern of the present invention and surveyor's table combination method, equipment needed thereby is simple and easy, small investment, and simple and efficient to handle, degree of accuracy is high, reliability is strong, stability is high, be easy to operation and transfer, especially has superiority in the small scale pattern unwrapping wire of gardens style facing class.
Embodiment of the present invention is only the description carried out the preferred embodiment of the present invention; not inventive concept and scope are limited; under the prerequisite not departing from design philosophy of the present invention; the various modification that in this area, engineering technical personnel make technical scheme of the present invention and improvement, all should fall into protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a projection line-putting method for decorative pattern, is characterized in that including following steps:
A, in working drawing, at least three not unique point (3,4,5) point-blank overstriking marks are chosen to the pattern (2) of required unwrapping wire;
B, in working drawing, calculate the coordinate of described unique point (3,4,5) relative coordinate initial point (9) respectively, calculate the coordinate of described unique point (3,4,5) relative reference point (8) in described construction surface (1) according to construction surface (1) the size relation of working drawing and Practical Project again;
C, in described construction surface (1), setting-out is carried out to described unique point (3,4,5), the position of point in described construction surface (1) of overstriking mark setting-out;
D, erection projector (6) adjust its distance with described construction surface (1), the point making the described unique point in working drawing (3,4,5) and described construction surface (1) go up setting-out overlaps completely;
E, in described construction surface (1), carry out the drafting of pattern contour line, finishing patterns setting-out work by the pattern (2) after projection in step B.
2. the projection line-putting method of decorative pattern according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the unique point described in step B is three.
3. the projection line-putting method of decorative pattern according to claim 1, is characterized in that: adopt ruler or the unique point (3,4,5) of tape measure to described construction surface (1) to carry out accurate setting-out in step C.
4. the projection line-putting method of decorative pattern according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described projector (6) carries out vertical projection to described construction surface (1).
5. the projection line-putting method of decorative pattern according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the construction surface (1) described in steps A is perpendicular.
6. the projection line-putting method of decorative pattern according to claim 1 or 5, it is characterized in that: on ground erection projector equipment support (7) in step D, adjust described support (7) and make its height and described construction surface (1) center in the same horizontal line, described projector (6) is located on described support (7).
7. the projection line-putting method of decorative pattern according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described construction surface (1) flattened before step C and clean clean.
8. the projection line-putting method of decorative pattern according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described three unique points (3,4,5) are on the edge of construction pattern.
9. the projection line-putting method of decorative pattern according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described projector (6) is measuring projector.
10. the projection line-putting method of decorative pattern according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the point that described reference point (8) is the arbitrfary point in described construction surface (1) or one of them setting-out.
CN201510341411.1A 2015-06-18 2015-06-18 A kind of projection line-putting method of decorative pattern Active CN104931027B (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106840117A (en) * 2017-01-17 2017-06-13 优居优住家居装饰(北京)有限公司 A kind of method for measuring the side's of returning unwrapping wire
CN109397487A (en) * 2018-11-21 2019-03-01 南京钜力智能制造技术研究院有限公司 A kind of setting out method and intelligence setting-out equipment of PC component
CN112197755A (en) * 2020-09-18 2021-01-08 中国二冶集团有限公司 Construction lofting method and construction lofting system
CN113420349A (en) * 2021-06-22 2021-09-21 泰州市抗震办公室(泰州市建设工程施工图设计审查中心) CAD construction drawing comparison method and system based on domestic operating system
CN113654810A (en) * 2021-07-29 2021-11-16 奇瑞汽车股份有限公司 Projection device and test stake placing method adopting same

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CN104296734A (en) * 2014-10-24 2015-01-21 上海通用金属结构工程有限公司 Method for measuring position of curve profiled bar
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106840117A (en) * 2017-01-17 2017-06-13 优居优住家居装饰(北京)有限公司 A kind of method for measuring the side's of returning unwrapping wire
CN109397487A (en) * 2018-11-21 2019-03-01 南京钜力智能制造技术研究院有限公司 A kind of setting out method and intelligence setting-out equipment of PC component
CN112197755A (en) * 2020-09-18 2021-01-08 中国二冶集团有限公司 Construction lofting method and construction lofting system
CN113420349A (en) * 2021-06-22 2021-09-21 泰州市抗震办公室(泰州市建设工程施工图设计审查中心) CAD construction drawing comparison method and system based on domestic operating system
CN113654810A (en) * 2021-07-29 2021-11-16 奇瑞汽车股份有限公司 Projection device and test stake placing method adopting same

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