CN104924197A - Automatic double-disc grinding machine - Google Patents

Automatic double-disc grinding machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104924197A
CN104924197A CN 201510287680 CN201510287680A CN104924197A CN 104924197 A CN104924197 A CN 104924197A CN 201510287680 CN201510287680 CN 201510287680 CN 201510287680 A CN201510287680 A CN 201510287680A CN 104924197 A CN104924197 A CN 104924197A
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CN
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Prior art keywords
bed
disc
lower
gear
shaft
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CN 201510287680
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Chinese (zh)
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吕咏奇
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海宁奇晟轴承有限公司
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B37/00Lapping machines or devices; Accessories
    • B24B37/04Lapping machines or devices; Accessories designed for working plane surfaces
    • B24B37/07Lapping machines or devices; Accessories designed for working plane surfaces characterised by the movement of the work or lapping tool
    • B24B37/08Lapping machines or devices; Accessories designed for working plane surfaces characterised by the movement of the work or lapping tool for double side lapping
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B37/00Lapping machines or devices; Accessories
    • B24B37/34Accessories
    • B24B37/345Feeding, loading or unloading work specially adapted to lapping
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/02Frames; Beds; Carriages

Abstract

The invention provides an automatic double-disc grinding machine, and belongs to the technical field of machining and polishing. The automatic double-disc grinding machine comprises an upper grinding disc, a lower grinding disc, an upper bed, a lower bed and a connecting column between the upper bed and the lower bed; the upper end of the connecting column stretches into the upper bed and is fixed to the upper bed, and the lower end of the connecting column is rotatably connected to the lower bed; the connecting column is driven by a first motor in the lower bed to rotate; an upper rotating shaft driving the upper grinding disc to rotate together with the upper rotating shaft is arranged on the upper bed, and the upper rotating shaft is driven by a second motor arranged at the top end of the upper bed to rotate; the lower grinding disc comprises a central gear ring, an outer gear ring, a planet gear ring and a main body fixed to the upper end face of the lower bed, and a lower rotating shaft, a driven shaft and a third motor driving the lower rotating shaft to rotate are arranged on the lower bed; and the upper end of the lower rotating shaft is connected with the central gear ring, and the lower rotating shaft and the central gear ring synchronously rotate. The polishing machining precision of two end faces of a bearing is improved, and the machining efficiency of the bearing is improved.

Description

一种自动双盘研磨机 An automatic double disc grinder

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明属于轴承加工打磨技术领域,涉及一种自动双盘研磨机。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the technical field bearing grinding processing, relates to an automatic double disc grinder.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 研磨机(lapping machine)是用涂上或嵌入磨料的研具对工件表面进行研磨的磨床。 [0002] mill (lapping machine) is ground with a grinder on the surface or embedded in coated abrasive lap.

[0003] 研磨机采用无级调速系统控制,可轻易调整出适合研磨各种部件的研磨速度。 [0003] The grinding machine with variable speed control system, can easily adjust the polishing rate for the polishing of the various components. 采用电一气比例阀闭环反馈压力控制,可独立调控压力装置。 Stretch by electric proportional valve pressure control loop feedback, individually adjustable pressure means. 上盘设置缓降功能,有效的防止薄脆工件的破碎。 Provided on the disc slow down function, crackers, broken effectively prevent the workpiece. 通过一个时间继电器和一个研磨计数器,可按加工要求准确设置和控制研磨时间和研磨圈数。 By a time relay and a counter grinding, processing requirements can be accurately set and control the grinding time and the polishing lap. 工作时可调整压力模式,达到研磨设定的时间或圈速时就会自动停机报警提示,实现半自动化操作。 It will automatically shut down when the alarm mode operation to adjust the pressure reached when polishing lap time or set to achieve semi-automatic operation.

[0004] 研磨机变速控制方法,研磨加工有三个阶段,即开始阶段、正式阶段和结束阶段,开始阶段磨具升速旋转,正式阶段磨具恒速旋转,结束阶段磨具降速旋转,其特征在于,在研磨加工开始阶段,人为控制磨具转速的加速度从零由慢到快地增大,当磨具转速升到正式研磨速度的一半时,加速度的变化出现一个拐点,控制磨具转速的加速度由最大值由快到慢地减小,直到磨具转速达到正式的研磨速度,磨具转速的加速度降为零。 [0004] The shift control method of the grinder, grinding three stages, i.e., beginning, and end of the formal stage, the initial stage of the grinding wheel increases the speed of rotation, the grinding wheel rotating at constant speed formal phase, end phase rotation of the grinding wheel deceleration which characterized in that, in the initial stage of grinding, the grinding wheel speed to control acceleration artificially increased from zero to a slow speed, when the rotation speed rises half formal abrasive polishing rate of change of the acceleration of an inflection point occurs, the grinding wheel speed control slow acceleration is reduced by the maximum value from fast, until the speed reaches a formal abrasive polishing rate, the grinding wheel speed acceleration is reduced to zero.

[0005] 利用固着磨料研磨的这一特点,根据工件磨具间的相对运动轨迹密度分布,合理地设计磨具上磨料密度分布,以使磨具在研磨过程中所出现的磨损不影响磨具面型精度,从而显著提高工件的面型精度,并且避免修整磨具的麻烦。 [0005] using a fixed abrasive polishing this feature, the relative density distribution between the workpiece abrasive trajectory, rational design density distribution of abrasive grinding tools, the grinding wheel so that the wear occurring during the grinding process does not affect the grindstone surface accuracy, thereby significantly improving the pattern accuracy of the workpiece surface, and to avoid the trouble of dressing the grinding wheel. 在平面固着磨料研磨中,磨具的旋转运动是主运动,工件的运动是辅助运动。 In fixed abrasive polishing plane, the rotational movement of the primary abrasive movement, movement of the workpiece movement is assisted. 在大部分情况下,工件是浮动压在磨具上,其运动规律是未知的。 In most cases, the workpiece is pressed against the abrasive floating, the movement of which is unknown. 因此,要对工件受力进行分析,才能求出其受力状态及运动规律。 Thus, to analyze the work force, in order to determine the load state and the law of motion. 取工件为整个研磨系统的分离体,建立工件受力平衡微分方程,求解该方程就能得到工件的运动规律。 Taken as separate bodies workpiece through the lapping system, establish the work force balance differential equation, this equation can be solved to obtain the movement of the workpiece.

[0006] 研磨机主机采用调速电机驱动,配置大功率减速系统,软启动、软停止,运转平稳。 [0006] Host mill speed motor drive power reduction system configuration, soft start and soft stop, smooth operation. 通过上、下研磨盘、太阳轮、游星轮在加工时形成四个方向、速度相互协调的研磨运动,达到上下表面同时研磨的高效运作。 Through the upper and lower polishing plate, a sun gear, planetary gear is formed in the four directions during machining, polishing speed coordinated motion, to achieve efficient operation of the upper and lower surfaces simultaneously polished. 下研磨盘可升降,方便工件装卸。 Can lift the grinding disc, it can be easily disassembled. 气动太阳轮变向装置,精确控制工件两面研磨精度和速度。 Air redirecting sun gear means, precise control of the workpiece on both sides of the grinding accuracy and speed. 随机配有修正轮,用于修正上下研磨盘的平行误差。 Random with a corrector wheel, parallel error correction for the vertical grinding disc.

[0007] 近年来随着人们对工件加工的精度要求越来越高,研磨机的发展及革新也越来越快。 [0007] In recent years, as people work more high-precision machining, grinding machines and innovative development of faster and faster. 如中国实用新型专利申请(申请号:200620031983.6)公开了一种双盘研磨机的上下盘及工件传动机构,它包括有一台双盘研磨机,在双盘研磨机的上研磨盘皮带轮和下研磨盘皮带轮上以及工件偏心行星传动机构上分别安装有一台电机,各电机上分别安装有变频器。 The Chinese utility model patent application (application number: 200620031983.6) discloses a vertical drive mechanism of a disk and the work of the double disc grinder, which comprises a double-disc grinder, the grinding disc and the grinding pulley double disc grinder in on the disc the eccentric pulley and the workpiece are mounted planetary gear with a motor, are mounted on each of the drive motors. 本实用新型因为在三大工作部件上分别安装有一台电机及变频调速器,所以有效地保证了各大工件的无级调速,使得各传动关系更直接,工作简单可靠,操作维修方便。 The present invention, because the three working members are mounted on a motor and frequency converter, so effectively ensure the stepless major workpiece, such that a more direct relationship between each transmission, the work is simple and reliable, easy operation and maintenance.

[0008] 不过该双盘该研磨机在工件的放取中任然需要人工操作,不但劳动强度大,而且比较容易出错。 [0008] However, the double-disc grinding machine in the discharge of the workpiece to take any course requires manual operation, not only labor-intensive, and error-prone.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0009] 本发明的目的是针对现有的技术存在上述问题,提出了一种自动双盘研磨机。 [0009] The object of the present invention is directed to the above-described problems of the prior art, it is proposed an automatic double disc grinder.

[0010] 本发明的目的可通过下列技术方案来实现:一种自动双盘研磨机,包括上磨盘、下磨盘、上床身和下床身以及两者之间的连接柱,连接柱上端伸入上床身中且与上床身固定,连接柱下端转动连接在下床身上且通过设在下床身中的电机一带动转动;上床身上设有带动上磨盘一起转动的上转轴,上转轴通过设在上床身顶端的电机二带动转动;下磨盘包括中心齿圈、外齿圈和行星齿圈以及固定在下床身上端面的主体,下床身上设有下转轴、从动轴和驱动下转轴转动的电机三,下转轴上端与中心齿圈相连并同步转动,从动轴上套设有驱动齿轮和从动齿轮,下转轴中部具有与从动齿轮相啮合的主动齿轮,外齿圈的内圆具有环形齿,驱动齿轮与外齿圈内侧的环形齿相啮合,中心齿圈和外齿圈上端面具有若干周向分布的插销,插销能与行星齿圈相啮合,行星 [0010] The object of the present invention can be achieved by the following technical solution: An automatic double-disc grinding machine comprising a disc, the disc, out of bed and go to the body between the body and connected to both the column, the column end extends into connector and the rotation body in the bed and fixed bed body, and connected to the lower end of column connections provided in the bed body is rotated by the drive motor in a bed body; bed body is provided on the drive shaft with the rotatable disc, provided on the shaft by the body in bed the top two motor driven in rotation; the disc includes a center ring, an outer ring gear and a ring gear fixed to the bed body and the end face of the body, with the bed body shaft, the driven shaft and the axis of rotation of the motor-driven three times, the upper end of the central shaft and the ring gear is connected to rotate synchronously driven with the driving gear and the driven gear, the shaft having a central driving gear meshing with the driven gear, the ring gear having a circular outer ring gear shaft sleeve, the drive gear and the ring gear outer teeth of the inner side of the engagement, the end surface of the plug having a profile, the latch can be engaged with the planetary gear and a plurality of outer periphery of the central ring gear, planet 圈上具有若干个限位待加工工件的限位圆孔。 A plurality of circular holes having a limit stop ring on the workpiece to be machined.

[0011] 本自动双盘研磨机的一侧设有控制电机一、电机二、电机三转动的智能控制面板,上磨盘上床身上具有推动上磨盘下移的推动气缸,气缸根据待加工轴承的厚度控制上磨盘下移程度。 Automatic side [0011] This double-disc grinding machine is provided with a control motor, two motors, motors and three rotation intelligent control panel, the bed body having a disc pushing on the disc pushing down the cylinder, the cylinder to be machined according to the thickness of the bearing the degree of control disc down. 行星齿圈具有多种规格,不同规格的行星齿圈内限位圆孔的大小不一,但是其外圈形状大小统一。 Planetary ring gear with a variety of specifications, different specifications of the planetary gear limit circle round holes of different sizes, but the shape of the outer ring of uniform size. 其中心齿圈及外齿圈都连接于下床身的上端,选取行星齿圈中限位圆孔与待加工轴承相互匹配的行星齿圈,依靠电机一控制连接柱转动,使上床身与下床身错位,将选取的行星齿圈分别啮合于中心齿圈和外齿圈上插销。 The center ring and an outer ring connected to the upper end of the bed body, the planetary gear selection in a circular hole to be machined bearing stop matched planetary gear, a motor control connected to rely on post rotation, so that the lower bed body bed dislocation, the planetary gear are respectively selected pin engages the center ring and an outer ring. 把待加工轴承放于行星齿圈内的限位圆孔中,再通过电机一使上床身与下床身重叠,控制气缸推动上磨盘下移且抵靠于待加工轴承上端面,待加工轴承下端面与主体相互抵靠。 The limit placed on the bearing to be machined round hole circle of the planetary gear, and then by a motor body and a bed so the bed body overlaps the control cylinder and pushing the disc down against the end surface to be processed on the bearing, the bearing to be processed the lower end surface of the body against each other. 通过智能控制面板启动电机二、电机三,电机二带动上转轴转动,上转轴带动上磨盘转动,电机三间接带动行星齿圈相对主体转动,因此位于行星齿圈内的轴承,其上下端面都得到了相应的打磨。 Intelligent control panel activated by two motors, three motors, two motor driven axis of rotation, the shaft drives the disc rotates, the planetary gear drive motor three indirect rotation relative to the body, so the circle of the planetary gear bearings, which upper and lower end have been the corresponding grinding.

[0012] 所述上床身上还设有呈L型的支撑臂和水平转动的转动臂,转动臂一端与支撑臂铰接,另一端固连有用于吸取或释放工件的磁力吸盘。 [0012] The bed is also provided with an L-shaped body of the support arm and the horizontal rotation of the turning arm, the turning arm is hinged at one end to the support arm, and the other end fixedly connected with a magnetic chuck for sucking or releasing the workpiece.

[0013] 所述支撑臂上设有电机四,支撑臂内设有连接电机四和转动臂的连接转动轴。 [0013] The motor is provided with four support arms, the support arm is equipped with four connections and the motor rotation shaft connected to the pivot-arm.

[0014] 电机四的输出轴向下设置且穿于支撑臂,其输出轴与连接转动轴的上端相互固连。 Provided [0014] at the motor output shaft and the fourth through the support arm, the upper end of its output shaft connected to the rotary shaft and fixedly connected to each other. 电机四转动控制转动臂绕着其连接转动轴的轴线转动,通过转动臂上的磁力吸盘将轴承吸取,释放于行星齿圈的限位圆孔内。 Four motor controls the rotation of the rotation arm rotates about the rotation axis of the shaft is connected, by rotating the bearing arm magnetic sucker suction is released within the limit of the circular hole of the planetary gear. 另外电机四同样受智能控制面板控制。 In addition four motor intelligent control panel is also subject to control.

[0015] 磁力吸盘为普通的电磁铁。 [0015] The magnetic chuck ordinary electromagnets.

[0016] 电磁铁是一种通电会产生电磁的装置,电磁铁通电吸取待加工轴承,断电释放待加工轴承。 [0016] A solenoid is an electromagnetic power is generated, the solenoid is energized to draw the bearing to be processed, power release bearing to be processed.

[0017] 行星齿圈由l-2cm厚的塑料平板制成,限位圆孔开设在塑料平板的端面上。 [0017] The planetary gear is made of l-2cm thick plastic plate, a circular hole opened in the end stop surface of a plastic plate.

[0018] 行星齿圈的厚度小于轴承的高度,避免启动自动双盘研磨机时,轴承两端面无法打磨。 [0018] thickness less than the height of the planetary gear bearings, to avoid double-disc grinding machine automatically at startup, both end faces of the bearing can not be polished.

[0019] 主体上最多可放置四个行星齿圈。 [0019] Up to four planetary gear may be placed on the body.

[0020] 行星齿圈的数量根据中心齿圈的外径处到外齿圈的内径处的间距而定,行星齿圈的外齿分别嵌于中心齿圈和外齿圈的插销间隙内。 [0020] The number of planets to ring gear pitch of the inner diameter of the outer ring at the center depends on the outer diameter of the ring gear external teeth of the planetary gear pin are embedded in the center of the gap of the ring and the outer ring. 每个行星齿圈中的若干限位圆孔大小统一,不同行星齿圈之间的限位圆孔大小可根据所需打磨轴承的直径大小制定,提高其使用范围。 A plurality of circular holes each planet gear limit of uniform size, limiting the size of the circular hole between the planetary gear may be different depending on the desired diameter polished bearing developed to improve its use. [0021 ] 上磨盘的转动方向与中心齿圈转动方向相同,与外齿圈的转动方向相反。 [0021] The direction of rotation of the disc and the center of the ring gear rotates in the same direction, opposite to the direction of rotation of the outer ring.

[0022] 行星齿圈位于中心齿圈与外齿圈之间,中心齿圈与外齿圈的转动方向施加给行星齿圈转动的方向一致,确保行星齿圈的正常转动。 [0022] The planetary gear located between the center ring and the outer ring, the rotation direction of the central ring and the outer ring gear of the planetary gear is applied to the same direction of rotation, to ensure the normal rotation of the planetary ring gear.

[0023] 插销长度低于工件的高度。 [0023] less than the height of the plug length of the workpiece.

[0024] 采用以上结构,避免插销上端伸出轴承与上磨盘相互摩擦,不但会造成插销与上磨盘的受损,而且还会对轴承的打磨操作造成一定的影响,严重的会使轴承无法打磨。 [0024] With the above structure, the upper end of the bolt extends avoid bearing friction with the disc, will not only cause damage to the latch on the disc, but also cause some effect on the grinding operation of the bearing, the bearing can not polish a serious cause .

[0025] 与现有技术相比,本自动双盘研磨机的优点在于本自动双盘研磨机适用于大批量产品轴承的加工,精度高、效率高,并且通过转动臂的转动及磁力吸盘的吸取、释放来代替人工的放取,降低人工劳动力强度。 [0025] Compared with the prior art, the advantages of the automatic double disc grinder is characterized by high double-disc grinding machine for the automatic according to a large number of products bearing the processing precision, high efficiency, and the chuck is rotated by the rotation of the arm and the magnetic force draw, instead of doing so is to release to take place, reduce labor intensity of labor.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0026] 图1是本自动双盘研磨机的主视图。 [0026] FIG. 1 is a front view of a present automatic double disc grinding machine.

[0027] 图2是本自动双盘研磨机中下磨盘的驱动示意图。 [0027] FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the disc drive of the present automatic double-disc mill.

[0028] 图3是本自动双盘研磨机中下磨盘的结构示意图。 [0028] FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the automatic double disc of the present disc mill.

[0029] 图中,1、上床身;2、下床身;3、上磨盘;4、下磨盘;41、中心齿圈;42、外齿圈;43、行星齿圈;44、主体;5、连接柱;6、电机一;7、上转轴;8、电机二;9、下转轴;10、从动轴;11、电机三;12、驱动齿轮;13、从动齿轮;14、主动齿轮;15、环形齿;16、插销;17、限位圆孔;18、支撑臂;19、转动臂;20、磁力吸盘;21、电机四;22、连接转动轴。 [0029] FIG, 1, the bed body; 2, bed body; 3, on the disc; 4, lower disc; 41, center ring gear; 42, outer ring; 43, planetary gear; 44, main body; 5 , connecting post; 6, a motor; 7, the rotating shaft; 8, two motor; 9, the lower rotating shaft; 10, the driven shaft; 11, three motors; 12, the drive gear; 13, the driven gear; 14, drive gear ; 15, ring gear; 16, bolt; 17, circular limiting; 18, a support arm; 19, the turning arm; 20, magnetic chuck; 21, four motor; 22, connected to the rotating shaft.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0030] 以下是本发明的具体实施例并结合附图,对本发明的技术方案作进一步的描述,但本发明并不限于这些实施例。 [0030] The following are examples of specific embodiments of the present invention taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, technical solutions of the present invention will be further described, but the present invention is not limited to these embodiments.

[0031] 如图1、图2、图3所示,本自动双盘研磨机,包括上磨盘3、下磨盘4、上床身I和下床身2以及两者之间的连接柱5,连接柱5上端伸入上床身I中且与上床身I固定,连接柱5下端转动连接在下床身2上且通过设在下床身2中的电机一6带动转动。 [0031] As shown in FIG 1, FIG 2, FIG. 3, the automatic double-disc grinding machine comprising a grinding table 3, the disc 4, and bed I bed body 2 and a connecting body 5 between the two posts, connector 5 extending into the upper end of the column and the bed body I I fixed bed body, rotatably connected to the lower end of the connecting post 5 and 6 driven by a rotation of the body on the bed 2 through the bed provided in the body 2 of the motor. 上床身I上设有带动上磨盘3 —起转动的上转轴7,上转轴7通过设在上床身I顶端的电机二8带动转动。 I the bed body is provided on the disc drive 3 - from rotating on the shaft 7, rotated by the rotary shaft 7 provided in the top of the bed body I 8 driven by two motors.

[0032] 下磨盘4包括中心齿圈41、外齿圈42和行星齿圈43以及固定在下床身2上端面的主体44,行星齿圈43由1.5cm厚的塑料平板制成,限位圆孔17开设在塑料平板的端面上。 [0032] 4 the disc 41 includes a center ring, an outer ring gear 42 and the planetary gear 43 and fixed to the end face of the body on the bed body 244, the planetary gear 43 is made of a 1.5cm thick plastic plate, limit circle aperture 17 defines an end surface of a plastic plate. 行星齿圈43的厚度小于轴承的高度,避免启动自动双盘研磨机时,轴承无法打磨。 The thickness of the planetary gear 43 is smaller than the height of the bearing, to avoid double-disc grinding machine automatically at startup, the bearing can not be polished.

[0033] 下床身2上设有下转轴9、从动轴10和驱动下转轴9转动的电机三11,下转轴9上端与中心齿圈41相连并同步转动,从动轴10上套设有驱动齿轮12和从动齿轮13,下转轴9中部具有与从动齿轮13相啮合的主动齿轮14,外齿圈42的内圆具有环形齿15,驱动齿轮12与外齿圈42内侧的环形齿15相啮合。 [0033] bed body 2 provided with lower shaft 9, the driven shaft 9 is rotated at the motor shaft 10 and three drives 11, the rotary shaft 9 is connected to the upper end of the center ring 41 and synchronous rotation, the driven shaft 10 is provided on the sleeve a driving gear 12 and the driven gear 13, the rotary shaft 9 having a central driving gear 13 meshed with the driven gear 14, the inner circle of the outer annular ring gear 42 having inner side 42 of the ring gear 15, the driving gear 12 and the outer ring tooth 15 engages.

[0034] 中心齿圈41和外齿圈42上端面具有若干周向分布的插销16,插销16能与行星齿圈43相啮合,行星齿圈43上具有若干个限位待加工轴承的限位圆孔17,插销16长度低于轴承的高度。 Limit [0034] The center of the ring gear 42 on the end surface 41 and an outer ring having a plurality of circumferentially distributed latches 16, plug 16 can be engaged with the planetary gear 43, a planetary gear having a plurality of stopper bearing 43 to be processed circular hole 17, the pin 16 a length lower than the height of the bearing. 避免插销16上端伸出轴承与上磨盘3相互摩擦,不但会造成插销16与上磨盘3的受损,而且还会对轴承的打磨操作造成一定的影响,严重的会使轴承无法打磨。 Avoid upper end of the bolt 16 extends bearing and the friction disc 3, will not only cause damage to the pin 16 and the disc 3, but also cause some effect on the grinding operation of the bearing, the bearing can not be serious cause polished.

[0035] 主体44上最多可放置四个行星齿圈43。 [0035] Up to four planetary gear 43 may be placed on the body 44. 行星齿圈43的数量根据中心齿圈41的外径处到外齿圈42的内径处的间距而定的,行星齿圈43的外齿分别嵌于中心齿圈41和外齿圈42的插销16的间隙内。 Number of the planetary gear 43 in accordance with the outer diameter of the center ring 41 to the inner diameter of the outer spacing ring 42 may be, externally toothed planetary gear 43 are fitted to the center of the ring gear 41 and the outer ring 42 of the plug the gap 16. 每个行星齿圈43中的若干限位圆孔17大小统一,不同行星齿圈43之间的限位圆孔17大小可根据所需打磨轴承的大小制定,提高其使用范围。 Each planet gear of the plurality of limiting circular holes of uniform size 4317, the various planetary gear stopper 4317 between the circular hole size depending on the desired size of the grinding bearing developed to improve its use.

[0036] 本自动双盘研磨机的一侧设有控制电机一6、电机二8、电机三11转动的智能控制面板,上磨盘3上床身I上具有推动上磨盘3下移的推动气缸,气缸根据待加工轴承的厚度控制上磨盘3下移程度。 Automatic side [0036] This double-disc grinding machine is provided with a control motor 6, two motor 8, the motor 11 rotates three intelligent control panel, the bed body 3 I disc having upper disc 3 pushed down push cylinder, the disc 3 down cylinder extent controlling the thickness of the bearing to be processed. 行星齿圈43具有多种规格,不同规格的行星齿圈43内限位圆孔17的大小不一,但是其外圈形状大小统一。 A planetary gear 43 having a variety of specifications, different specifications of the planetary gear 43 of the stopper 17 circular holes of different sizes, but the outer shape of uniform size.

[0037] 上磨盘3的转动方向与中心齿圈41转动方向相同,与外齿圈42的转动方向相反。 Disc [0037] 41 on the rotational direction of the rotational center of the ring gear 3 in the same direction, opposite to the rotational direction of the outer ring 42. 行星齿圈43位于中心齿圈41与外齿圈42之间,中心齿圈41与外齿圈42的转动方向施加给行星齿圈43转动的方向一致,确保行星齿圈43的正常转动。 The planetary gear 43 in the center of the outer ring 41 and the ring gear 42, the rotation direction of the center of the ring gear 41 and the outer ring gear 42 of the planetary gear 43 is applied to the same direction of rotation, to ensure normal rotation planetary gear 43.

[0038] 上床身I上还设有呈L型的支撑臂18和水平转动的转动臂19,转动臂19 一端与支撑臂18铰接,另一端固连有用于吸取或释放轴承的磁力吸盘20。 [0038] I also provided on the bed body L-shaped support arm 18 and the horizontal rotating arm 19 is rotated, the rotating arm 18 is hinged at one end to the support arm 19, and the other end fixedly connected with a bearing for sucking or releasing the magnetic chuck 20. 支撑臂18上设有电机四21,支撑臂18内设有连接电机四21和转动臂19的连接转动轴22。 Motor 21 is provided with four support arm 18, the support arm 18 equipped with four connection arm 21 and the rotating shaft 19 of the motor 22 rotates. 电机四21的输出轴向下设置且穿于支撑臂18,其输出轴与连接转动轴22的上端相互固连。 Set the motor output shaft 21 and four through the support arm 18, an output shaft connected to the upper end of the rotation shaft 22 fixedly connected to each other. 电机四21转动控制转动臂19绕着其连接转动轴22的轴线转动,通过转动臂19上的磁力吸盘20将轴承吸取,且释放于行星齿圈43的限位圆孔17内。 Four rotation control motor 21 rotates the arm 19 about an axis of rotation connecting the rotation shaft 22, the bearing 20 drawn through the magnetic chuck arm 19 is rotated, and the release planetary gear in the circular hole 43 of the stopper 17. 磁力吸盘20为普通的电磁铁。 Magnetic chuck 20 is an ordinary electromagnet. 电磁铁是一种通电会产生电磁的装置,电磁铁通电吸取待加工轴承,断电释放待加工轴承。 Electromagnet means is energized produces an electromagnetic, solenoid is energized to draw the bearing to be processed, power release bearing to be processed.

[0039] 基本工作原理:首先选取行星齿圈43中限位圆孔17与待加工轴承相互匹配的行星齿圈43,依靠电机一6控制连接柱5转动,使上床身I与下床身2错位,将选取的行星齿圈43分别啮合于中心齿圈41和外齿圈42上插销16。 [0039] The basic working principle: First planetary gear selected circular hole 43 in stopper 17 to be machined planetary gear bearing 43 match each other, relying on a motor 6 connected to the control column 5 rotates, so that the body I with a bed body bed 2 dislocation, the planetary gear 43 are selected at the center of the ring gear 41 and engaged with the outer ring gear 42 on the latch 16. 给磁力吸盘20通电,磁力吸盘20吸取待加工轴承,通过电机四21带动转动臂19转动,磁力吸盘20随转动臂19移动至行星齿圈43内的限位圆孔17上方,然后给磁力吸盘20断电,磁力吸盘20将待加工轴承释放于限位圆孔17内,再通过电机一6使上床身I与下床身2重叠,控制气缸推动上磨盘3下移且抵靠于待加工轴承上端面,待加工轴承下端面与主体44相互抵靠。 A magnetic chuck 20 is energized, a magnetic suction chuck 20 to be machined bearing, rotating arm 19 is rotated by the four drive motors 21, chuck 20 rotates with a magnetic force above a circular hole in the stopper 19 to move the arm 4317 of the planetary gear, and a magnetic chuck 20 de-energized, magnetic chuck release bearing 20 to be processed in the circular stopper 17, a motor 6 through the bed so the bed body 2 with body I overlaps, the control cylinder and pushing down the disc 3 to be processed against the the end face of the upper bearing, the lower end surface of the bearing to be processed and the body 44 mutually abut. 通过智能控制面板启动电机二8、电机三11,电机二8带动上转轴7转动,上转轴7带动上磨盘3转动,电机三11驱动下转轴9转动,下转轴9带动中心齿圈41及主动齿轮14转动,主动齿轮14再带动从动齿轮13,驱动齿轮12通过套在从动轴10上从动齿轮13带动,与驱动齿轮12相互啮合的环形齿15随驱动齿轮12 —起转动。 Through intelligent control panel starts the motor 8 two, three motors 11, the motor 7 rotates the spindle 8 driven by two, the upper disc 3 rotatable drive shaft 7, the rotation of the motor 11 drives the three shaft 9, the drive shaft 9 and the center of the ring gear 41 Active gear 14 is rotated, the driving gear 14 further drives the driven gear 13, the driving gear 12 through the sleeve 13 on the driven shaft drives the driven gear 10, the ring gear 12 with the drive teeth 15 intermeshing with the drive gear 12-- from rotation. 行星齿圈43受中心齿轮及外齿圈42相对主体44转动,位于行星齿圈43内的轴承,其上下面都受到打磨。 The planetary gear 42 relative to the body 43 by the outer ring gear 44 and sun gear rotates, the planetary gear bearing 43, on which the following have been polished.

[0040] 本文中所描述的具体实施例仅仅是对本发明精神作举例说明。 Specific Example [0040] described herein is merely illustrative for spirit of the invention. 本发明所属技术领域的技术人员可以对所描述的具体实施例做各种各样的修改或补充或采用类似的方式替代,但并不会偏离本发明的精神或者超越所附权利要求书所定义的范围。 Those skilled in the art of the present invention can be made to the specific embodiments described various modifications or additions, or a similar alternative embodiment, but without departing from the spirit of the invention or exceed defined in the appended claims range.

[0041] 尽管本文较多地使用了上床身1、下床身2、上磨盘3、下磨盘4、中心齿圈41、外齿圈42、行星齿圈43、主体44、连接柱5、电机一6、上转轴7、电机二8、下转轴9、从动轴10、电机三11、驱动齿轮12、从动齿轮13、主动齿轮14、环形齿15、插销16、限位圆孔17、支撑臂18、转动臂19、磁力吸盘20、电机四21、连接转动轴22等术语,但并不排除使用其它术语的可能性。 [0041] While the terms are used herein, a bed body, bed body 2, the disc 3, the disc 4, the central ring 41, an outer ring gear 42, planet gear 43, body 44, connecting post 5, the motor a 6, 7 on the shaft, two motor 8, the rotary shaft 9, the driven shaft 10, three motors 11, drive gear 12, the driven gear 13, drive gear 14, ring gear 15, the pin 16, the stopper 17 circular holes, the supporting arm 18, arm 19 is rotated, magnetic chuck 20, four motor 21, the rotation shaft 22 and the like connected to the term, but do not exclude the possibility of using other terminology. 使用这些术语仅仅是为了更方便地描述和解释本发明的本质;把它们解释成任何一种附加的限制都是与本发明精神相违背的。 These terms are only used to make it easier to describe and explain the essence of the present invention; interprets them into any additional restrictions are contrary to the spirit of the invention.

Claims (8)

1.一种自动双盘研磨机,包括上磨盘(3)、下磨盘(4)、上床身(I)和下床身(2)以及两者之间的连接柱(5),连接柱(5)上端伸入上床身(I)中且与上床身(I)固定,连接柱(5)下端转动连接在下床身(2)上且通过设在下床身(2)中的电机一(6)带动转动;上床身(I)上设有带动上磨盘(3) —起转动的上转轴(7),上转轴(7)通过设在上床身(I)顶端的电机二(8)带动转动;下磨盘(4)包括中心齿圈(41)、外齿圈(42)和行星齿圈(43)以及固定在下床身(2)上端面的主体(44),下床身(2)上设有下转轴(9)、从动轴(10)和驱动下转轴(9)转动的电机三(11),下转轴(9)上端与中心齿圈(41)相连并同步转动,从动轴(10)上套设有驱动齿轮(12)和从动齿轮(13),下转轴(9)中部具有与从动齿轮(13)相啮合的主动齿轮(14),外齿圈(42)的内圆具有环形齿(15),驱动齿轮(12)与外齿圈(42)内侧的环形齿(15)相嗤合,中心齿圈(41)和外齿圈( An automatic double-disc grinding machine comprising a grinding table (3), the disc (4), bed body (I) and a bed body (2) and the connection between the two posts (5), the columns ( 5) extending into the upper end of the bed body (I), and with a bed body (I) fixing, (5) connected to the lower end of the column bed rotatably connected to the body (2) provided in the bed and by the body (2) of a motor (6 ) driven in rotation; provided on the driven disc (3) bed body (I) on - from rotating on the shaft (7), on the shaft (7) provided in the drive by the bed body (I) to the top of the two motor (8) rotates ; lower disc (4) comprises a central ring (41), an outer ring gear (42) and the planetary gear (43) fixed to the bed body and (2) on the end face of the body (44), bed body (2) provided with a lower shaft (9), the driven shaft (10) and a driven shaft (9) rotating motor three (11), the shaft (9) and the upper end of the center ring (41) and connected to synchronous rotation, the driven shaft (10) is provided on the driving gear sleeve (12) and the driven gear (13), the shaft (9) having a central driving gear and the driven gear (13) engaging (14), an outer ring gear (42) inner circle having a ring gear (15), the driving gear (12) and the outer ring (42) inside the annular tooth (15) engaged with laugh, the center of the ring gear (41) and an outer ring ( 42)上端面具有若干周向分布的插销(16),插销(16)能与行星齿圈(43)相啮合,行星齿圈(43)上具有若干个限位待加工工件的限位圆孔(17) ο Circular stopper 42) having a plurality of circumferential end faces on the plug (16) distributed bolt (16) can be engaged with the planetary gear (43), a planetary gear having a plurality of workpiece to be machined on the stop (43) (17) ο
2.根据权利要求1所述的一种自动双盘研磨机,其特征在于,上床身(I)上还设有呈L型的支撑臂(18)和水平转动的转动臂(19),转动臂(19) 一端与支撑臂(18)铰接,另一端固连有用于吸取或释放工件的磁力吸盘(20)。 2. An automatic double disc grinder according to claim 1, wherein, further provided with an L-shaped support arm (18) and rotating arm (19) rotating horizontal bed body (I), the rotation the arm (19) one end of the support arm (18) is hinged, the other end fixedly connected with a suction cup for sucking or releasing the magnetic force (20) of the workpiece.
3.根据权利要求2所述的一种自动双盘研磨机,其特征在于,支撑臂(18)上设有电机四(21),支撑臂(18)内设有连接电机四(21)和转动臂(19)的连接转动轴(22)。 An automatic according to claim double disc grinder of claim 2, wherein the motor is provided with four support arm (18) (21), the support arm (18) is provided with four connecting motor (21) and rotating arm (19) connecting the rotation shaft (22).
4.根据权利要求3所述的一种自动双盘研磨机,其特征在于,所述磁力吸盘(20)为普通的电磁铁。 An automatic according to claim double disc grinder of claim 3, wherein said magnetic sucker (20) is an ordinary electromagnet.
5.根据权利要求1所述的一种自动双盘研磨机,其特征在于,所述行星齿圈(43)由l-2cm厚的塑料平板制成,限位圆孔(17)开设在塑料平板的端面上。 An automatic according to claim double disc grinding machine of claim 1, wherein said planetary gear (43) is made of l-2cm thick plastic plate, stopper circular hole (17) opened in a plastic the end face of the plate.
6.根据权利要求5所述的一种自动双盘研磨机,其特征在于,主体(44)上最多可放置四个行星齿圈(43)。 An automatic according to claim double disc grinder 5, characterized in that the four planetary gear can be placed up (43) on the body (44).
7.根据权利要求6所述的一种自动双盘研磨机,其特征在于,上磨盘(3)的转动方向与中心齿圈(41)转动方向相同,与外齿圈(42)的转动方向相反。 An automatic according to claim 6 of the double disc grinding machine, characterized in that the same direction of rotation of the ring gear on the center of the disc (3) (41) rotational direction, the rotational direction of the outer ring gear (42) in contrast.
8.根据权利要求7所述的一种自动双盘研磨机,其特征在于,插销(16)长度低于工件的高度。 An automatic according to claim double disc grinder of claim 7, characterized in that the latch (16) is lower than the height of the workpiece length.
CN 201510287680 2015-05-28 2015-05-28 Automatic double-disc grinding machine CN104924197A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105415156A (en) * 2015-10-28 2016-03-23 芜湖市恒浩机械制造有限公司 Valve body flange polishing machine
CN105415166A (en) * 2015-12-07 2016-03-23 珠海东精大电子科技有限公司 Sapphire grinding machine
CN105798725A (en) * 2016-06-02 2016-07-27 张清金 Double-stance edge grinding device for machining columnar stone piers
CN105798727A (en) * 2016-06-02 2016-07-27 张清金 Improved edge grinding device for machining columnar stone pier
CN105881140A (en) * 2016-06-02 2016-08-24 张清金 Cylindrical stone pier edge grinding device
CN106584266A (en) * 2016-11-29 2017-04-26 湖南省新化县长江电子有限责任公司 Double-sided grinding tool for ceramic part of new energy automobile
CN107471080A (en) * 2017-08-06 2017-12-15 乔斌 Magnetic precise grinding machine

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105415156A (en) * 2015-10-28 2016-03-23 芜湖市恒浩机械制造有限公司 Valve body flange polishing machine
CN105415166A (en) * 2015-12-07 2016-03-23 珠海东精大电子科技有限公司 Sapphire grinding machine
CN105798725A (en) * 2016-06-02 2016-07-27 张清金 Double-stance edge grinding device for machining columnar stone piers
CN105798727A (en) * 2016-06-02 2016-07-27 张清金 Improved edge grinding device for machining columnar stone pier
CN105881140A (en) * 2016-06-02 2016-08-24 张清金 Cylindrical stone pier edge grinding device
CN105798725B (en) * 2016-06-02 2017-09-22 张清金 Bis stations edging means for machining the cylindrical stone stone block of
CN105798727B (en) * 2016-06-02 2017-10-03 张清金 Improved apparatus for processing a cylindrical edging stone block of stone
CN105881140B (en) * 2016-06-02 2017-11-10 张清金 One kind of cylindrical edging stone stone block means
CN106584266A (en) * 2016-11-29 2017-04-26 湖南省新化县长江电子有限责任公司 Double-sided grinding tool for ceramic part of new energy automobile
CN107471080A (en) * 2017-08-06 2017-12-15 乔斌 Magnetic precise grinding machine

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