CN104924125A - Universal clamp for numerical control machine tool - Google Patents

Universal clamp for numerical control machine tool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104924125A
CN104924125A CN201510289308.7A CN201510289308A CN104924125A CN 104924125 A CN104924125 A CN 104924125A CN 201510289308 A CN201510289308 A CN 201510289308A CN 104924125 A CN104924125 A CN 104924125A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
limited post
pressing plate
fixture
machine tool
base
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510289308.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
马峻
孙建明
Original Assignee
苏州亚思科精密数控有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 苏州亚思科精密数控有限公司 filed Critical 苏州亚思科精密数控有限公司
Priority to CN201510289308.7A priority Critical patent/CN104924125A/en
Publication of CN104924125A publication Critical patent/CN104924125A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q17/00Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools
    • B23Q17/002Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools for indicating or measuring the holding action of work or tool holders
    • B23Q17/005Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools for indicating or measuring the holding action of work or tool holders by measuring a force, a pressure or a deformation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/08Work-clamping means other than mechanically-actuated

Abstract

The invention relates to a universal clamp for a numerical control machine tool. The universal clamp comprises a base. The base is provided with a stand column, a set of fixed limiting columns, a set of sliding limiting columns, a solar cell panel, a controller and a storage battery. The fixed limiting columns and the sliding limiting columns are symmetrically arranged on the base. The sliding limiting columns are in sliding connection with the base in the direction of the fixed limiting columns, and a cantilever rod is arranged at the upper ends of the fixed limiting columns and the sliding limiting columns and connected with the stand column. The bottom end of the cantilever rod is in sliding connection with an air cylinder, and the bottom of the air cylinder is detachably connected with a pressing plate. A pressure sensor is arranged at the bottom of the pressing plate and connected with the controller, and the pressure sensor, the solar cell panel and the controller are connected with the storage battery. The universal clamp solves the problems that a clamp can only clamp articles with the fixed shape and size, and manual clamping is needed for the clamp.

Description

Digit Control Machine Tool universal fixturing

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of fixture, particularly relate to a kind of Digit Control Machine Tool universal fixturing.

Background technology

Jig is a kind of device in order to clamping workpiece (with guiding cutter) on lathe.Its effect is by Workpiece fixing, to make workpiece obtain tram relative to lathe and cutter, and workpiece is reliably clamped.

Jig can be divided into following a few class by specialization classification:

1, universal fixturing.Universal fixturing refers to standardized, can be used for the fixture processing different workpieces within the specific limits.Such as, scroll chuck and four-jaw chuck on lathe, the flat-nose pliers on milling machine, dividing head and rotary table etc.This kind of fixture is generally produced by professional factory, and Chang Zuowei machine tool accessories is supplied to user.Be characterized in wide adaptability, production efficiency is low, is mainly applicable in the production of single-piece, small lot.

2, special fixture.Special fixture refers to certain procedure and custom-designed fixture of aiming at a certain workpiece.Be characterized in compact conformation, operation rapidly, convenient, laborsaving, higher machining accuracy and production efficiency can be ensured, but manufacture and design that the cycle is longer, manufacturing expense is also higher.When change of product, fixture will be scrapped owing to re-using.Be only applicable to product to fix and in the larger production of batch.

3, general flexible jig and modular fixture.Be characterized in that the subelement of fixture can be changed, partial devices can adjust, to adapt to the processing of different part.For the fixture that the processed in batches of similar part is used, be called modular fixture.General flexible jig is compared with modular fixture, and processing object is not bery clear and definite, and the scope of application is wider.

4, built-up jig.Built-up jig refers to the processing request by part, the standard component good by a set of prior manufacture and the fixture of assembling parts.Manufactured by specialized factory, be characterized in flexible and changeable, versatility is strong, and manufacturing cycle short, element energy Reusability, is specially adapted to trial-production and the jobbing work of new product.

5, pallet.Pallet is a kind of fixture used on transfer matic.This fixture should play the effect of clamping workpiece, becomes to be integrated again to move on to next station along transfer matic from a station with workpiece, carries out the processing of different operation.

Due to self work characteristics of all kinds of lathe and version different, also different requirements is correspondingly proposed to the structure of clamp.Press used lathe different, fixture can be divided into again: turning attachment, fraise jig, drill jig, fixture for boring machine, fixture for grinding machine, gear machine fixture and other jigs etc.

Different according to the clamping power source that fixture adopts, can be divided into: manual, air-actuated jaw, hydraulically operated fixture, gas-liquid fixture, electric fixture, magnetic fixture, vacuum fixture etc.

Jig has following effect:

1, machining accuracy is ensured.Employing fixture is installed, and can determine the mutual alignment between workpiece and lathe, cutter exactly, the positional precision of workpiece is ensured by fixture, and not by the impact of workman's technical merit, its machining accuracy is high and stable.

2, boost productivity, reduce costs.Use fixture clamping workpiece, workpiece just can be made promptly to locate and clamp without the need to centering, significantly reduce unproductive time; Improve the rigidity of workpiece with fixture clamping workpiece, therefore can strengthen cutting data; Can use more than one piece, multi-station clamp clamping workpiece, and adopt efficient clamp system, these factors are all conducive to raising labour productivity.In addition, after adopting fixture, constant product quality, percent defective declines, and can arrange the workman that industrial grade is lower, significantly reduce production cost.

3, the processing range of lathe is expanded.Use special fixture can change the purposes of former lathe and expand the scope of application of lathe, realize one-machine-multi-function.Such as, after lathe or radial drilling machine are installed boring template fixture, just can carry out boring processing to box body hole system; Also lathe can be changed into broaching machine by special fixture to use, to give full play to the effect of universal machine tools.

4, the labour intensity of workman is alleviated.With fixture clamping workpiece easily and fast, when adopting the clamping devices such as pneumatic, hydraulic pressure, the labour intensity of workman can be alleviated.

Fixture on current lathe is varied, but no matter adopts how fixture standard to be consistent forever, and positioning accuracy request is high, clamping is convenient, can fully demonstrate labor productivity, saves the labor operations intensity etc. of work personnel.

Chinese utility model patent description CN 203792068 U is openly so a kind of a kind of jig, comprise clamp body and angle bar, described angle bar is provided with the clamping screw for locking described clamp body, described clamping screw cover has double nut, one end of described clamping screw is processed with spheroid with holes, the other end cover of described clamping screw has wear block, and described clamp body is provided with groove, and described wear block is resisted against in described groove.The utility model by arranging groove on clamp body, in clamping screw front end suit wear block, and be provided with double nut, substantially increase the structural stability of fixture, work is more reliable, also by penetrating in the ball of spheroid by metallic rod, screws clamping screw, it is more laborsaving, convenient to operate, and decreases the workload of workman.But this fixture can only grip the object of shape, size, and need manually to clamp.

Chinese utility model patent description CN 203254205 U openly knows clearly a kind of jig like this.The technical solution of the utility model main points are: a kind of jig, mainly comprise taper shank, angle bar and clamp body, described taper shank and machine tool chief axis hole match, the bottom of this taper shank is provided with screw mandrel, it is the angle bar of 90 ° that the top of taper shank is provided with taper shank axis, the vertical wall of this angle bar has screwed hole, and described clamp body is fixed by the locking nut matched with angle bar upper screwed hole, and the inner side of this clamp body is provided with groove.The utility model simplicity of design and easy for installation, is mainly used in the process of cylindrical workpiece.But this fixture can only grip the object of shape, size, and need manually to clamp.

Summary of the invention

The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of Digit Control Machine Tool universal fixturing, and this Digit Control Machine Tool universal fixturing solves fixture can only grip the problem that shape, the object of size and fixture need manually to carry out clamping.

In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, Digit Control Machine Tool universal fixturing of the present invention comprises base, base is provided with column, fix limited post for one group, one group of slip limited post, solar panel, controller, battery, described fixing limited post and slip limited post are symmetricly set on base, slip limited post is connected along fixing limited post direction with base sliding, described fixing limited post and slip limited post upper end are provided with cantilever lever, cantilever lever is connected with column, cantilever lever bottom is slidably connected cylinder, cylinder bottom removably connects pressing plate, pressure sensor is provided with bottom pressing plate, pressure sensor is connected with controller, described pressure sensor, solar panel, controller is connected with battery respectively.

Described cylinder bottom is threaded with pressing plate.

In spill bottom described pressing plate.

Elastic layer is provided with bottom described pressing plate.

Described elastic layer is made up of elastomeric material.

Adopt this Digit Control Machine Tool universal fixturing, have the following advantages:

1, fix limited post, one group of slip limited post because base is provided with one group, according to the object of difformity, size, the distance between limited post can be changed like this, thus change the size of fixture; 2, because cantilever lever bottom is slidably connected cylinder, cylinder bottom removably connects pressing plate, automatically can be clamped object like this by cylinder; 3, owing to being provided with pressure sensor bottom pressing plate, pressure sensor is connected with controller, be provided with elastic layer bottom pressing plate, the dynamics of holder can be controlled like this by pressure sensor and controller, and elastic layer can prevent chuck force from spending large and damaging by the object clamped; 4, because base is provided with solar panel, battery, solar panel is connected with battery, and solar panel can absorb solar energy, solar energy is converted to electric energy for accumulators, has saved the energy.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is further detailed explanation.

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of Digit Control Machine Tool universal fixturing of the present invention.

Wherein have: 1. base; 2. column; 3. fixing limited post; 4. slip limited post; 5. cantilever lever; 6. cylinder; 7. pressing plate; 8. pressure sensor; 9. elastic layer; 10. solar panel; 11. controllers; 12. batteries.

Detailed description of the invention

The universal fixturing of Digit Control Machine Tool shown in Fig. 1, comprise base 1, base 1 is provided with column 2, fix limited post 3 for one group, one group of slip limited post 4, solar panel 10, controller 11, battery 12, described fixing limited post 3 is symmetricly set on base 1 with slip limited post 4, slip limited post 4 is slidably connected along fixing limited post 3 direction and base 1, described fixing limited post 3 is provided with cantilever lever 5 with slip limited post 4 upper end, cantilever lever 5 is connected with column 2, cantilever lever 5 bottom is slidably connected cylinder 6, removably connect bottom cylinder 6 pressing plate 7, pressure sensor 8 is provided with bottom pressing plate 7, pressure sensor 8 is connected with controller 11, described pressure sensor 8, solar panel 10, controller 11 is connected with battery 12 respectively.

Be threaded with pressing plate 7 bottom described cylinder 6.

In spill bottom described pressing plate 7.

Elastic layer 9 is provided with bottom described pressing plate 7.

Described elastic layer 9 is made up of elastomeric material.

During gripping objects, object is placed between fixing limited post 3 and slip limited post 4, regulate slip limited post 4, object is clamped by fixing limited post 3 and slip limited post 4, then adjusting cylinders 6, pressing plate 7 is made to be in by above the object that clamps, then cylinder 6 is started, make pressing plate 7 clamping article, when pressure sensor 8 reaches setting value, pressing plate 7 stops pressing down, then pressure sensor 8 signal transmission is to controller 11, controller 11 signal transmission is to cylinder 6, and at this moment cylinder 6 is just with dynamic pressure plate 7 to rise, and namely achieves the clamping of object.Pressing plate 7 can be dismantled, and the object for difformity, size can change the pressing plate 7 of difformity, size.Because base 1 is provided with solar panel 10, battery 12, solar panel 10 is connected with battery 12, and solar panel 10 can absorb solar energy, solar energy is converted to electric energy for accumulators 12, has saved the energy.

The technical characteristic described in detail is not had to be prior art in the application.Above-described embodiment is the principle of illustrative the application and effect thereof only, but not for limiting the application.Any person skilled in the art scholar all under the spirit and category of the application, can modify above-described embodiment or changes.Therefore, have in art and usually know that the knowledgeable modifies or changes not departing from all equivalences completed under the spirit and technological thought that the application discloses, must be contained by the claim of the application.

Claims (5)

1. a Digit Control Machine Tool universal fixturing, it is characterized in that: comprise base, base is provided with column, fix limited post for one group, one group of slip limited post, solar panel, controller, battery, described fixing limited post and slip limited post are symmetricly set on base, slip limited post is connected along fixing limited post direction with base sliding, described fixing limited post and slip limited post upper end are provided with cantilever lever, cantilever lever is connected with column, cantilever lever bottom is slidably connected cylinder, cylinder bottom removably connects pressing plate, pressure sensor is provided with bottom pressing plate, pressure sensor is connected with controller, described pressure sensor, solar panel, controller is connected with battery respectively.
2. according to Digit Control Machine Tool universal fixturing according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described cylinder bottom is threaded with pressing plate.
3. according to Digit Control Machine Tool universal fixturing according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: in spill bottom described pressing plate.
4. according to Digit Control Machine Tool universal fixturing according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: bottom described pressing plate, be provided with elastic layer.
5. according to Digit Control Machine Tool universal fixturing according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described elastic layer is made up of elastomeric material.
CN201510289308.7A 2015-05-29 2015-05-29 Universal clamp for numerical control machine tool CN104924125A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510289308.7A CN104924125A (en) 2015-05-29 2015-05-29 Universal clamp for numerical control machine tool

Publications (1)

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CN104924125A true CN104924125A (en) 2015-09-23

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105666191A (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-06-15 柴德维 Fixture for machining irregular workpiece
CN105690251A (en) * 2016-03-11 2016-06-22 无锡建凌电器有限公司 Fixed fixture for machining hardware parts
CN105729193A (en) * 2016-03-31 2016-07-06 苏州亚思科精密数控有限公司 Fixture for machine tool
CN105772857A (en) * 2016-03-29 2016-07-20 苏州亚思科精密数控有限公司 Utilization method of sawing machine clamping device
CN105798694A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-07-27 大连华恒装备制造有限公司 Combination type follow fixture
CN106956178A (en) * 2017-03-14 2017-07-18 成都亨通兆业精密机械有限公司 The processing unit (plant) of ring grinding and polishing repeatedly can be carried out to section bar
CN106956177A (en) * 2017-03-14 2017-07-18 成都亨通兆业精密机械有限公司 The milling drum of otch crimping after being cut for sheet metal
CN107052973A (en) * 2017-03-14 2017-08-18 成都亨通兆业精密机械有限公司 Method for grinding for shape cutting mouth thrust
CN107253076A (en) * 2017-06-06 2017-10-17 芜湖瑞德机械科技有限公司 One kind machining fastener
CN107443126A (en) * 2017-09-25 2017-12-08 宝鸡市永盛泰钛业有限公司 Adjustable numerical control machine tool clamp
CN107843497A (en) * 2017-12-15 2018-03-27 防城港市金沙海洋科技有限责任公司 A kind of resistance to compression degree detection device for auto-parts
CN107999670A (en) * 2017-12-18 2018-05-08 中车建设工程有限公司 Small-sized bar cutter

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4395027A (en) * 1980-09-15 1983-07-26 Nordmeyer Robert A Pressure intensifying device
JPS58143929A (en) * 1982-02-22 1983-08-26 Toshiba Corp Clamping apparatus
CN201824163U (en) * 2010-09-19 2011-05-11 蚌埠市华丰机械厂 Special-shaped part fixing device
CN103302513A (en) * 2013-05-21 2013-09-18 苏州惠瑞自动化集成有限公司 Automatic gripping device capable of sensing pressure
CN204183289U (en) * 2014-09-27 2015-03-04 合肥派成铝业有限公司 A kind of sash component boring material pressing device
CN204195341U (en) * 2014-10-30 2015-03-11 韩巧 A kind of pipe fitting processing and positioning device

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4395027A (en) * 1980-09-15 1983-07-26 Nordmeyer Robert A Pressure intensifying device
JPS58143929A (en) * 1982-02-22 1983-08-26 Toshiba Corp Clamping apparatus
CN201824163U (en) * 2010-09-19 2011-05-11 蚌埠市华丰机械厂 Special-shaped part fixing device
CN103302513A (en) * 2013-05-21 2013-09-18 苏州惠瑞自动化集成有限公司 Automatic gripping device capable of sensing pressure
CN204183289U (en) * 2014-09-27 2015-03-04 合肥派成铝业有限公司 A kind of sash component boring material pressing device
CN204195341U (en) * 2014-10-30 2015-03-11 韩巧 A kind of pipe fitting processing and positioning device

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105690251A (en) * 2016-03-11 2016-06-22 无锡建凌电器有限公司 Fixed fixture for machining hardware parts
CN105772857A (en) * 2016-03-29 2016-07-20 苏州亚思科精密数控有限公司 Utilization method of sawing machine clamping device
CN105729193A (en) * 2016-03-31 2016-07-06 苏州亚思科精密数控有限公司 Fixture for machine tool
CN105666191A (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-06-15 柴德维 Fixture for machining irregular workpiece
CN105798694A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-07-27 大连华恒装备制造有限公司 Combination type follow fixture
CN105798694B (en) * 2016-05-20 2018-01-12 大连华恒技研工业有限公司 Combined type pallet
CN106956177A (en) * 2017-03-14 2017-07-18 成都亨通兆业精密机械有限公司 The milling drum of otch crimping after being cut for sheet metal
CN107052973A (en) * 2017-03-14 2017-08-18 成都亨通兆业精密机械有限公司 Method for grinding for shape cutting mouth thrust
CN106956178A (en) * 2017-03-14 2017-07-18 成都亨通兆业精密机械有限公司 The processing unit (plant) of ring grinding and polishing repeatedly can be carried out to section bar
CN107253076A (en) * 2017-06-06 2017-10-17 芜湖瑞德机械科技有限公司 One kind machining fastener
CN107443126A (en) * 2017-09-25 2017-12-08 宝鸡市永盛泰钛业有限公司 Adjustable numerical control machine tool clamp
CN107843497A (en) * 2017-12-15 2018-03-27 防城港市金沙海洋科技有限责任公司 A kind of resistance to compression degree detection device for auto-parts
CN107999670A (en) * 2017-12-18 2018-05-08 中车建设工程有限公司 Small-sized bar cutter

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Application publication date: 20150923