CN104858593B - A kind of positioning tooling fixture for accurate box sensor welding and using method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of positioning tooling fixture for accurate box sensor welding and using method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104858593B
CN104858593B CN201510271553.5A CN201510271553A CN104858593B CN 104858593 B CN104858593 B CN 104858593B CN 201510271553 A CN201510271553 A CN 201510271553A CN 104858593 B CN104858593 B CN 104858593B
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plate
vertical portion
middle plate
lower plate
column
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CN104858593A (en
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胡绳荪
宋昆阳
申俊琦
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Tianjin University
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Tianjin University
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K37/00Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups
    • B23K37/04Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups for holding or positioning work
    • B23K37/0426Fixtures for other work
    • B23K37/0435Clamps
    • B23K37/0443Jigs

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of positioning tooling fixture for accurate box sensor welding and using method thereof, arranges observation window in the middle position of upper plate;On the lower surface of upper plate and in observation window surrounding, heat radiation clamping device is set, column is through guide rail sleeve and runs through upper plate, middle plate and lower plate, column two ends are separately fixed in upper plate and lower plate, and spring is arranged on the column between middle plate vertical portion and lower plate vertical portion.Compared with prior art, the art of this patent scheme uses spring, quick clip and heat radiation clamping device jointly coordinate, complete the clamping to box sensor body and cover plate assembly, it is possible to effectively prevent it from Relative sliding occurring;Use heat radiation clamping device, while utilizing clamping force, welding process is capable of heat conduction, it is to avoid the welding heat infringement to box sensor;Direct observation window, the observation of the convenient size to welding requirements and adjustment are set.

Description

A kind of positioning tooling fixture for accurate box sensor welding and using method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to welding tool setup, particularly relate to a kind of positioning tooling fixture for accurate box sensor welding and Its using method.
Background technology
A kind of precision components sensor of accurate box structure sensor, can be used for displacement, speed, power and acceleration etc. The detection of information.Sensor cluster often uses multiple material through repeatedly processing.The quality of final box components welding molding It is directly connected to system accuracy and the technical parameter of whole sensor.The installation of the positioning fixture that production unit uses is visual at present Difference, location are forbidden, and can be produced the Relative sliding of assembly in clamping process, it is impossible to ensure the welding of box sensor cluster Positioning accuracy request, after welding, assembly physical dimension deviation is big, and conforming product rate is low.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, it is desirable to provide a kind of location for accurate box sensor welding Frock clamp and using method thereof, to reach, accurate box structure sensor weld assembly installation visuality is good, avoid clamping process Produce assembly Relative sliding, the purpose that positioning precision is high.
The purpose of the present invention is achieved by following technical proposals:
The positioning tooling fixture of this patent, including upper plate, middle plate, lower plate, guide rail sleeve, column, heat radiation clamping device, soon Speed folder, spring and observation window, wherein:
In the middle position of upper plate, observation window is set;The lower surface upper panel surface of guide rail sleeve (i.e. facing to) at upper plate upper and Arranging heat radiation clamping device in observation window surrounding, heat radiation clamping device is chosen as red copper block.
The middle plate of the positioning tooling fixture of this patent is L shaped plate, is made up of horizontal part and vertical portion, and horizontal part and vertical portion are mutual Vertically;Horizontal part is provided with groove, groove is provided with hole, location, the hole, location in groove and box sensor base Installing hole quantity is consistent, and both is directed in use, so that box sensor is fixed on the horizontal part of middle plate, the most solid It is scheduled on the middle position of horizontal part;Being provided with column on the vertical portion of middle plate and pass hole, column is respectively arranged with through both sides, hole Guide rail sleeve installing hole.Recess width is 2nd/to three/2nds of horizontal part width, and groove length is horizontal part length 3/2 to four/3rds.
The lower plate that this patent uses selects L shaped plate, is made up of horizontal part and vertical portion, and horizontal part and vertical portion are mutually perpendicular to;Hurry up Speed folder is by quick clip clamping section, quick clip fixed part and quick clip handle composition, and quick clip fixed part is arranged on lower plate horizontal part, Preferably in the middle position of lower plate horizontal part, quick clip clamping section is disposed through the through hole of middle position, lower plate vertical portion and stretches to Middle plate vertical portion.Upper plate, the vertical portion of middle plate and the vertical portion of lower plate are set parallel to each other, and the horizontal part of middle plate is towards upper plate side To, the horizontal part of lower plate with the horizontal part of middle plate towards contrary.
Guide rail sleeve stretch to upper plate direction and be fixedly mounted on middle plate vertical portion on;Column through guide rail sleeve and run through upper plate, The vertical portion of middle plate and the vertical portion of lower plate, column two ends are separately fixed on the vertical portion of upper plate and lower plate.During spring is arranged on On column between plate vertical portion and lower plate vertical portion, and the column between its length and middle plate vertical portion and lower plate vertical portion Length is consistent, and freely stretches.
In technique scheme, described observation window is square, or circular, or oval.
In technique scheme, the degree of depth of the groove arranging middle plate level portion is 1 2mm.
Cover plate assembly and the body of box sensor are welded to connect by the positioning tooling fixture utilizing this patent, control to stretch simultaneously Ejecting plate and the scale error of interstitial hole, detailed process is as follows:
1, pull upper plate, body is fixedly mounted in middle plate level portion groove, the hole, location in groove and box sensor base Installing hole quantity consistent, and in use both are directed at, so that box sensor is fixed on the middle position in middle plate level portion; Being installed on body through stretching out plate by cover plate assembly, use heat radiation clamping device clamp cap board component and body, spring is in pressure Contracting state provides precompression, it is to avoid produce Relative sliding.
2, move to fixture entirety be observed under microscope, observe by the observation window of upper plate middle position and adjust and stretch out plate And the width in gap and stretch out the width in gap between plate and interstitial hole lower limb between interstitial hole top edge, with width one both ensureing Causing, error is less than ± 0.02mm.
3, after adjusting, quick clip handle (quick clip of such as GH-301-AM) is pulled, in making quick clip clamping section withstand Plate vertical portion, it is provided that rigid clamping force, prevents it from Relative sliding occurring.
After completing above-mentioned adjustment and clamping, the workpiece to be welded (i.e. box sensor) of the carrying jig after clamping is moved to Welder Station, by spot-welding gun welded cover plate assembly and the junction of body, the opposite side at box sensor uses same way to enter Row fixed adjustment with weld, thus complete the precision welding process of box sensor.
Compared with prior art, the art of this patent scheme uses spring, quick clip and heat radiation clamping device jointly coordinate, complete To box sensor body and the clamping of cover plate assembly, it is possible to effectively prevent it from Relative sliding occurring;Use heat radiation clamping device, While utilizing clamping force, welding process is capable of heat conduction, it is to avoid the welding heat infringement to box sensor;If Put direct observation window, the observation of the convenient size to welding requirements and adjustment.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 be this patent for the structural representation (1) of existing box sensor, wherein A is body, and B is base, C is cover plate assembly, and D is for stretching out plate, and E is interstitial hole;
Fig. 2 be this patent for the structural representation (2) of existing box sensor, wherein B is base, and F is installing hole;
Fig. 3 be this patent for the structural representation (3) of existing box sensor, wherein A is body, and B is base, C is cover plate assembly, and D is for stretching out plate, and a is to stretch out the width in gap between plate and interstitial hole top edge, and b is for stretching out plate and interstitial hole The width in gap between lower limb;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation (1) of the positioning tooling fixture of this patent, and wherein 1 is upper plate, and 2 is middle plate, and 2-1 is recessed Groove, 2-2 is hole, location, and 3 is lower plate, and 4 is guide rail sleeve, and 5 is column, and 6 is heat radiation clamping device, and 7 is quick clip, 7-1 For the clamping section of quick clip, 7-2 is the fixed part of quick clip, and 7-3 is the handle of quick clip, and 8 is spring;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation (2) of the positioning tooling fixture of this patent, and wherein 1 is upper plate, and 2 is middle plate, and 3 is lower plate, 4 is guide rail sleeve, and 5 is column, and 6 is heat radiation clamping device, and 7 is quick clip, and 8 is spring, and 9 is observation window;
Fig. 6 is the middle plate structure schematic diagram of this patent, and wherein 2-1 is groove, and 2-2 is hole, location, and 2-3 is the horizontal part of middle plate, 2-4 is the vertical portion of middle plate, and 2-5 is that column passes hole, and 2-6 is guide rail sleeve installing hole;
Fig. 7 is the assembling structural representation of this patent positioning tooling fixture and box sensor cluster, and wherein A is body, and B is Base, C is cover plate assembly, and D is for stretching out plate, and 1 is upper plate, and 2 is middle plate, and 2-1 is groove, and 2-2 is hole, location, under 3 are Plate, 4 is guide rail sleeve, and 5 is column, and 6 is heat radiation clamping device, and 7 is quick clip, and 7-1 is the clamping section of quick clip, 7-2 For the fixed part of quick clip, 7-3 is the handle of quick clip, and 8 is spring;
Fig. 8 is the top view of the assembling structure of this patent positioning tooling fixture and box sensor cluster, and wherein C is cover plate assembly, D is for stretching out plate, and 1 is upper plate, and 2 is middle plate, and 7-3 is the handle of quick clip, and 9 is observation window, and 1-1 is oval district in figure Territory;
Fig. 9 is the partial enlarged drawing of the elliptic region that 1-1 indicates in Fig. 8, and wherein C is cover plate assembly, and D is for stretching out plate, and E is Interstitial hole, a is to stretch out the width in gap between plate and interstitial hole top edge, and b is to stretch out the width in gap between plate and interstitial hole lower limb, 9 is observation window.
Detailed description of the invention
For making the object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearer, below embodiment of the present invention is made the most detailed Describe.
As shown in attached Figure 13, existing box sensor is by body A, base B, cover plate assembly C and stretches out plate D and forms, Stretch out plate D and extend into the interstitial hole E of cover plate assembly C, and consistent with the gap width of the lower edges of interstitial hole E, error is not Exceed ± 0.02mm.This just requires, in the spot welding of cover plate assembly C and body A connects, to adjust also previously according to error requirements The associated components of fixing box sensor.
As shown in attached Figure 45, the positioning tooling fixture of this patent, including upper plate 1, middle plate 2, lower plate 3, guide rail sleeve 4, Column 5, heat radiation clamping device 6, quick clip 7, spring 8 and observation window 9, wherein: 2-1 is groove, 2-2 is hole, location, 7-1 is the clamping section of quick clip, and 7-2 is the fixed part of quick clip, and 7-3 is the handle of quick clip.
In the middle position of upper plate, observation window is set;The lower surface upper panel surface of guide rail sleeve (i.e. facing to) at upper plate upper and Arranging heat radiation clamping device in observation window surrounding, heat radiation clamping device is chosen as red copper block.
As shown in Figure 6, the middle plate of the positioning tooling fixture of this patent is L shaped plate, is made up of horizontal part and vertical portion, level Portion and vertical portion are mutually perpendicular to;Horizontal part is provided with groove, groove is provided with hole, location, the hole, location in groove and case The installing hole quantity of type sensor base is consistent, and both is directed in use, so that box sensor is fixed on the water of middle plate In flat portion, it is preferably fixed to the middle position of horizontal part;Being provided with column on vertical plate and pass hole, column divides through both sides, hole It is not provided with guide rail sleeve installing hole.Recess width is 2nd/to three/2nds of horizontal part width, and groove length is water 3rd/2 to four/3rds of flat minister's degree.
Similar with the middle plate shown in accompanying drawing 6, the lower plate that this patent uses selects L shaped plate, is made up of horizontal part and vertical portion, water Flat portion and vertical portion are mutually perpendicular to;Quick clip is by quick clip clamping section, quick clip fixed part and quick clip handle composition, quick clip Fixed part is arranged on lower plate horizontal part, and preferably in the middle position of lower plate horizontal part, quick clip clamping section is disposed through lower plate The through hole of middle position, vertical portion also stretches to middle plate vertical portion.Upper plate, the vertical portion of middle plate and the vertical portion of lower plate is parallel to each other sets Put, the horizontal part of middle plate towards upper plate direction, the horizontal part of lower plate with the horizontal part of middle plate towards contrary.
Guide rail sleeve stretch to upper plate direction and be fixedly mounted on middle plate vertical portion on;Column through guide rail sleeve and run through upper plate, The vertical portion of middle plate and the vertical portion of lower plate, column two ends are separately fixed on the vertical portion of upper plate and lower plate.During spring is arranged on On column between plate vertical portion and lower plate vertical portion, and the column between its length and middle plate vertical portion and lower plate vertical portion Length is consistent, and freely stretches.
Cover plate assembly and the body of box sensor are welded to connect by the positioning tooling fixture utilizing this patent, control to stretch simultaneously Ejecting plate and the scale error of interstitial hole, detailed process is as follows:
1, pull upper plate, body is fixedly mounted in middle plate level portion groove, the hole, location in groove and box sensor base Installing hole quantity consistent, and in use both are directed at, so that box sensor is fixed on the middle position in middle plate level portion; Being installed on body through stretching out plate by cover plate assembly, use heat radiation clamping device clamp cap board component and body, spring is in pressure Contracting state provides precompression, it is to avoid produce Relative sliding.
2, move to fixture entirety be observed under microscope, observe by the observation window of upper plate middle position and adjust and stretch out plate And the width in gap and stretch out the width in gap between plate and interstitial hole lower limb between interstitial hole top edge, with width one both ensureing Causing, error is less than ± 0.02mm.
3, after adjusting, quick clip handle (quick clip of such as GH-301-AM) is pulled, in making quick clip clamping section withstand Plate vertical portion, it is provided that rigid clamping force, prevents it from Relative sliding occurring.
After completing above-mentioned adjustment and clamping, the workpiece to be welded (i.e. box sensor) of the carrying jig after clamping is moved to Welder Station, by spot-welding gun welded cover plate assembly and the junction of body, the opposite side at box sensor uses same way to enter Row fixed adjustment with weld, thus complete the precision welding process of box sensor.
Compared with prior art, the art of this patent scheme uses spring, quick clip and heat radiation clamping device jointly coordinate, complete To box sensor body and the clamping of cover plate assembly, it is possible to effectively prevent it from Relative sliding occurring;Use heat radiation clamping device, While utilizing clamping force, welding process is capable of heat conduction, it is to avoid the welding heat infringement to box sensor;If Put direct observation window, the observation of the convenient size to welding requirements and adjustment.
Above the present invention has been done exemplary description, in the case of without departing from the core of the present invention, any simple amendment, change Shape or other same domains technical staff do not spend the equal replacement of creative work, belong to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. the positioning tooling fixture for accurate box sensor welding, it is characterised in that include upper plate, middle plate, lower plate, Guide rail sleeve, column, heat radiation clamping device, quick clip, spring and observation window, wherein:
In the middle position of upper plate, observation window is set;On the lower surface of upper plate and in observation window surrounding, heat sink clip is set Tight device;Middle plate is L shaped plate, is made up of middle plate level portion and middle plate vertical portion, middle plate level portion and middle plate vertical portion phase The most vertical;Being provided with groove in middle plate level portion, groove is provided with hole, location, the hole, location in groove passes with box The installing hole quantity of sensor base is consistent, and both is directed in use, so that box sensor is fixed on the water of middle plate In flat portion;Being provided with column on middle plate vertical portion and pass hole, column is respectively arranged with guide rail sleeve and installs through both sides, hole Hole;Lower plate selects L shaped plate, is made up of lower plate horizontal part and lower plate vertical portion, and lower plate horizontal part and lower plate vertical portion are mutual Vertically;Quick clip is by quick clip clamping section, quick clip fixed part and quick clip handle composition, and quick clip fixed part is arranged on On lower plate horizontal part, quick clip clamping section is disposed through the through hole of middle position, lower plate vertical portion and stretches to middle plate vertical portion; Upper plate, the vertical portion of middle plate and the vertical portion of lower plate are set parallel to each other, and the horizontal part of middle plate is towards upper plate direction, lower plate Horizontal part with the horizontal part of middle plate towards contrary;Guide rail sleeve stretches to upper plate direction and is fixedly mounted on the vertical portion of middle plate On;Column is through guide rail sleeve and runs through upper plate, the vertical portion of middle plate and the vertical portion of lower plate, and column two ends are fixed respectively On the vertical portion of upper plate and lower plate;Spring is arranged on the column between middle plate vertical portion and lower plate vertical portion, and spring The length of the column between length with middle plate vertical portion and lower plate vertical portion is consistent.
A kind of positioning tooling fixture for accurate box sensor welding the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that Heat radiation clamping device is chosen as red copper block.
A kind of positioning tooling fixture for accurate box sensor welding the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that Box sensor is fixed on the middle position of the horizontal part of middle plate.
A kind of positioning tooling fixture for accurate box sensor welding the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that Being provided with groove in middle plate level portion, recess width is 2nd/to three/2nds of horizontal part width, groove length For 3rd/2 to four/3rds of horizontal part length, the degree of depth of the groove arranging middle plate level portion is 1 2mm.
A kind of positioning tooling fixture for accurate box sensor welding the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that Described observation window is square, or circular, or oval.
CN201510271553.5A 2015-05-25 2015-05-25 A kind of positioning tooling fixture for accurate box sensor welding and using method thereof Active CN104858593B (en)

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CN201510271553.5A CN104858593B (en) 2015-05-25 2015-05-25 A kind of positioning tooling fixture for accurate box sensor welding and using method thereof
CN201610045078.4A CN105499887B (en) 2015-05-25 2015-05-25 Accurate box sensor welds the application method of positioning tooling fixture

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CN112276411A (en) * 2020-10-10 2021-01-29 薛月飞 Elliptical circular seam welding equipment
CN112758862B (en) * 2020-12-24 2022-05-20 中国十九冶集团有限公司 Roller way installation method

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