CN104855173A - Upright-free frameless nursery greenhouse - Google Patents

Upright-free frameless nursery greenhouse Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104855173A
CN104855173A CN201510198653.XA CN201510198653A CN104855173A CN 104855173 A CN104855173 A CN 104855173A CN 201510198653 A CN201510198653 A CN 201510198653A CN 104855173 A CN104855173 A CN 104855173A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
booth
pressure
outside
greenhouse
exoskeletal
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510198653.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李家荣
纪正飚
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Yangcheng Institute of Technology
Yancheng Institute of Technology
Original Assignee
Yangcheng Institute of Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Yangcheng Institute of Technology filed Critical Yangcheng Institute of Technology
Priority to CN201510198653.XA priority Critical patent/CN104855173A/en
Publication of CN104855173A publication Critical patent/CN104855173A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/14Greenhouses
    • A01G9/1407Greenhouses of flexible synthetic material
    • A01G9/1415Greenhouses of flexible synthetic material with double or multiple walls
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

An upright-free frameless nursery greenhouse comprises a double-layered greenhouse body consisting of an inner greenhouse body and an outer greenhouse body, an air supply system and a pressure detecting device, wherein the inner greenhouse body and the outer greenhouse body are communicated through a double-layered through hole; the pressure detecting device collects pressure inside the greenhouse in a circulating manner and controls the air supply system; a transparent plastic thin film with the thickness of 0.2-0.8 mm is used in each of the inner greenhouse body and the outer greenhouse body, and each of the transparent plastic thin films of the inner greenhouse body and the outer greenhouse body is subjected to non-air-leakage welding; the pressure detecting device is used for collecting pressure inside the greenhouse in a circulating manner and controlling the air supply system to enable the internal air pressure of the inner greenhouse body to be 4%-10% of the local atmospheric pressure and enable the internal air pressure of the outer greenhouse body to be lower than 0.5%-3% of the air pressure of the inner greenhouse body. The upright-free frameless nursery greenhouse disclosed by the invention has the advantages of being large in occupied space, low in investment, short in construction operation period, capable of realizing mechanical farming, and the like.

Description

A kind of without the exoskeletal nursery greenhouse of column
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of without the exoskeletal nursery greenhouse of column, belong to agricultural greenhouse field.
Background technology
Green house has been proved to be to improve plantation output, expand in locality can the effective means of planting plants kind.The general composition of traditional booth of current use does skeleton with materials such as bamboo rod, cement pole, light steel tube or tubing, and make column, pull bar, arch bar and depression bar, the material shed of covered with plastic film or glass, its area is generally 1-3 mu.The distribution of tradition canopy temperature is relatively more even and change is relatively milder, and Low Temperature Difference is apart from little, and low temperate zone, canopy limit proportion is little, can reach the object of volume increase, and can have and can carry out small-sized machine equalization, is convenient to small-scaleization and manages the features such as canopy.
Simultaneously traditional booth ventilates and removes sleet difficulty, build and maintenance difficulty large, fund input is large, experience snowstorm and freezing time, maintaining is difficult especially.Moreover due to traditional booth support post many, be unfavorable for large-scale mechanized agricultural operation, moreover due to air flowing in traditional booth smooth, high humidity, disease spreads soon.
Summary of the invention
Main purpose of the present invention is, provides a kind of novel without the exoskeletal nursery greenhouse of column.Shortcoming based on traditional booth proposes a kind of novel without the exoskeletal nursery greenhouse of column, have booth area greatly, use can be turned into, conveniently the feature such as to build by big machinery.
Technical scheme of the present invention is, a kind of without the exoskeletal nursery greenhouse of column, comprises double-deck booth, supply air system, the pressure-detecting device of inner booth and outside booth formation; Inner booth has double-deck through hole to communicate with outside booth, and the pressure in described pressure-detecting device circle collection booth is also controlled supply air system, keeps booth working stability; Inner booth and outside booth use the transparent plastic film that thickness is 0.2-0.8mm, and use film solder without gas leakage welding.Use the pressure in pressure-detecting device circle collection booth and controlled supply air system, make the internal gas pressure of interior booth be the 4%-10% of local atmospheric gas pressure, outer booth internal gas pressure is lower than the 0.5%-3% of interior booth air pressure.Inner booth and outside booth have through hole, especially double-deck through hole, and inner booth and outside booth all adopt at the transparent plastic film with earth surface place and twist on bar and be embedded in the stratum of underground 10-50cm.The structure of through-hole type door, the frame of through hole adopts more than three layers film preparations, and the frame of frame ventilating hole plate and through hole that door and ventilating hole plate adopt soft hinge to tie up to through hole has sealed bolster layer.
Outside booth and the booth external world also have double-deck through hole described above.
Further, inner booth and outside booth are spaced apart 0.3-1.2 rice, or adjacent person.
Further, outside booth, surface uses rope to fix; Especially use the rope being spaced apart 0.4-0.8 rice vertically fix or use grid to fix, grid area is 0.3-0.7 square metre.
Beneficial effect of the present invention: become traditional column, skeleton booth is inflating green, double-decker is rationally reliable, be beneficial to the current of personnel or impact is very little, gaseous state pressurizes atmosphere circulation in favourable booth, and especially, the volume of booth and area all can be larger, there is good supporting role, its single booth (interior booth) area can reach 1-20 mu, and have investment low, the completion time of project is short,, have and can carry out big machinery operation, there is the features such as wind resistance snow simultaneously.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is exoskeletal nursery greenhouse structural representation of the present invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is described in further detail.
Double-deck inner booth 1 disclosed by the invention and outside booth 2 especially use the transparent plastic film that thickness is 0.3-0.8 millimeter, and use film solder without gas leakage welding; Inner booth and outside booth are spaced apart 0.7-1.2 rice; Use the rope being spaced apart 0.4-0.8 rice vertically fix or use grid to fix outside outside booth, grid area is 0.3-0.7 square metre.Namely turnover duct imports and exports 3.
Pressure in use pressure-detecting device circle collection booth of the present invention controlled supply air system, make the internal gas pressure of interior booth be the 4%-10% of local atmospheric gas pressure, outer booth internal gas pressure is lower than the 0.5%-3% of interior booth air pressure.Outer booth especially cyclic rings lives the interior booth of dome structure, and the two pressure is slightly different, not identical (during except turnover duct).
The invention also discloses a kind of method that inside and outside booth gas leakage is repaired, during outside booth gas leakage, increase outer booth pressure fan rotating speed, keep outside booth air pressure inside constant, find gas leakage mouth and carry out nothing gas leakage welding; During inner booth gas leakage, reduce outer booth pressure fan rotating speed, increase inner booth rotation speed of fan, keep inside and outside booth air pressure inside constant, find gas leakage mouth and carry out nothing gas leakage welding.
The invention also discloses a kind of snow-removing method, during outside booth outside accumulated snow, change outside booth pressure fan rotating speed, make outside booth internal gas pressure within the scope of 1%-5%, not stop change.Roots blower can be adopted to pressurize, there is energy-efficient effect, and air output is large.

Claims (8)

1., without the exoskeletal nursery greenhouse of column, it is characterized in that the double-deck booth, supply air system, the pressure-detecting device that comprise inner booth and outside booth formation; Inner booth has through hole to communicate with outside booth, and the pressure in described pressure-detecting device circle collection booth is also controlled supply air system, keeps booth working stability; Inner booth and outside booth use the transparent plastic film that thickness is 0.2-0.8mm, and use film solder to seal; Use the pressure in pressure-detecting device circle collection booth and controlled supply air system, make the internal gas pressure of interior booth be the 4%-10% of local atmospheric gas pressure, outer booth internal gas pressure is lower than the 0.5%-3% with interior booth air pressure; Inner booth and outside booth have through hole, and inner booth and outside booth all adopt at the transparent plastic film with earth surface place and twist on bar and be embedded in the stratum of underground 10-50cm; The structure of inner booth and outside booth through-hole type door: the frame of through hole adopts more than three layers film preparations, and the frame of frame ventilating hole plate and through hole that door and ventilating hole plate adopt soft hinge to tie up to through hole has sealed bolster layer.
2. according to claim 1 without the exoskeletal nursery greenhouse of column, it is characterized in that outside booth is identical with the structure of outside booth through-hole type door with the inside configuration booth of canopy accessibke porosity formula door; Also there is double-deck through hole.
3. according to claim 1 without the exoskeletal nursery greenhouse of column, it is characterized in that inner booth and outside booth are spaced apart 0.3-1.2 rice.
4. according to claim 1 without the exoskeletal nursery greenhouse of column, it is characterized in that outside booth surface uses rope to fix; Especially use the rope being spaced apart 0.4-0.8 rice vertically fix or use grid to fix, grid area is 0.3-0.7 square metre.
5. according to the method for repairing without the exoskeletal nursery greenhouse gas leakage of column one of claim 1-4 Suo Shu, when it is characterized in that the outside booth of inside and outside booth leaks gas, increase outer booth pressure fan rotating speed, keep outside booth air pressure inside constant, find gas leakage mouth and carry out nothing gas leakage welding; During inner booth gas leakage, reduce outer booth pressure fan rotating speed, increase inner booth rotation speed of fan, keep inside and outside booth air pressure inside constant, find gas leakage mouth and carry out nothing gas leakage welding.
6. according to one of claim 1-4 Suo Shu without the exoskeletal nursery greenhouse snow-removing method of column, it is characterized in that a kind of snow-removing method, during the outside accumulated snow of outside booth, change outside booth pressure fan rotating speed, make outside booth internal gas pressure within the scope of 1%-5%, not stop change.
7. according to one of claim 1-4 Suo Shu without the exoskeletal nursery greenhouse of column, it is characterized in that adopt roots blower pressurization.
8. according to one of claim 1-4 Suo Shu without the exoskeletal nursery greenhouse of column, it is characterized in that outer booth is the interior booth that cyclic rings lives dome structure.
CN201510198653.XA 2015-04-23 2015-04-23 Upright-free frameless nursery greenhouse Pending CN104855173A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510198653.XA CN104855173A (en) 2015-04-23 2015-04-23 Upright-free frameless nursery greenhouse

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510198653.XA CN104855173A (en) 2015-04-23 2015-04-23 Upright-free frameless nursery greenhouse

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104855173A true CN104855173A (en) 2015-08-26

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510198653.XA Pending CN104855173A (en) 2015-04-23 2015-04-23 Upright-free frameless nursery greenhouse

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104855173A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105432367A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-03-30 中国农业大学 Windproof greenhouse
CN105432369A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-03-30 中国农业大学 Windproof greenhouse
CN106358845A (en) * 2016-09-21 2017-02-01 成立 Inflatable greenhouse without support
CN106472168A (en) * 2016-09-21 2017-03-08 成立 The manufacture method that a kind of inflated type no supports booth

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1326668A (en) * 2000-06-05 2001-12-19 柴海龙 Single or double layer suspending air room thermal insulation greenhouse film and mold
CN2473896Y (en) * 2001-05-14 2002-01-30 李秉春 Air inflated plastic greenhouse
US20090320380A1 (en) * 2006-06-27 2009-12-31 Jonathan David Chelf Methods and apparatus for efficiently pressurizing and ventilating an air-supported structure
CN101779581A (en) * 2010-03-18 2010-07-21 李�杰 Frameless air-inflated film plastic greenhouse
CN203523435U (en) * 2013-09-29 2014-04-09 李大民 Non-bracket and large-span inflatable greenhouse structure with single film
CN103975797A (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-08-13 北京法利体育场地设施工程有限公司 Greenhouse with air-supported type membrane structure
KR20140112295A (en) * 2013-03-13 2014-09-23 주식회사 탑솔 Come practical thermal insulation and heat insulation sheet

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1326668A (en) * 2000-06-05 2001-12-19 柴海龙 Single or double layer suspending air room thermal insulation greenhouse film and mold
CN2473896Y (en) * 2001-05-14 2002-01-30 李秉春 Air inflated plastic greenhouse
US20090320380A1 (en) * 2006-06-27 2009-12-31 Jonathan David Chelf Methods and apparatus for efficiently pressurizing and ventilating an air-supported structure
CN101779581A (en) * 2010-03-18 2010-07-21 李�杰 Frameless air-inflated film plastic greenhouse
KR20140112295A (en) * 2013-03-13 2014-09-23 주식회사 탑솔 Come practical thermal insulation and heat insulation sheet
CN203523435U (en) * 2013-09-29 2014-04-09 李大民 Non-bracket and large-span inflatable greenhouse structure with single film
CN103975797A (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-08-13 北京法利体育场地设施工程有限公司 Greenhouse with air-supported type membrane structure

Non-Patent Citations (4)

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Title
刘青等: "河东建起首座无框架充气大棚", 《鲁南商报》 *
史亚军等: "《小康之路·观光农业项目与技术》", 29 February 2008 *
周长吉: "双层充气塑膜温室经济技术评价", 《农业工程学报》 *
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105432367A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-03-30 中国农业大学 Windproof greenhouse
CN105432369A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-03-30 中国农业大学 Windproof greenhouse
CN105432369B (en) * 2015-11-30 2018-08-14 中国农业大学 A kind of wind resistance greenhouse
CN105432367B (en) * 2015-11-30 2018-09-28 中国农业大学 A kind of wind resistance greenhouse
CN106358845A (en) * 2016-09-21 2017-02-01 成立 Inflatable greenhouse without support
CN106472168A (en) * 2016-09-21 2017-03-08 成立 The manufacture method that a kind of inflated type no supports booth

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PB01 Publication
EXSB Decision made by sipo to initiate substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication
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Application publication date: 20150826