CN104815592B - Humic acids produces fluid bed granulation unit - Google Patents

Humic acids produces fluid bed granulation unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104815592B
CN104815592B CN201510189670.7A CN201510189670A CN104815592B CN 104815592 B CN104815592 B CN 104815592B CN 201510189670 A CN201510189670 A CN 201510189670A CN 104815592 B CN104815592 B CN 104815592B
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cyclone separator
humic acids
powder
connects
spray dryer
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CN201510189670.7A
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CN104815592A (en
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李计双
胡靖文
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SHANXI GUANG YUTONG TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
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李计双
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Abstract

The invention provides a kind of humic acids and produce fluid bed granulation unit, including slurry drying system and powder granulating system, slurry drying system uses spray dryer to be dried humic acids slurry, fluidising chamber's pelletize is sent into after being dried the feed screw of the powder entrance powder granulating system produced, humic acids slurry is divided into two-way by part flow arrangement, spray dryer is sent into by charging pump after connecting metering device in one tunnel, another road is accessed powder granulating system by pipeline after connecting metering device and is used as spraying, slurry drying system and powder granulating system are all configured with cyclone separator, powder granulating system is configured with hydrofilter.The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: humic acids shaped granule uniform density pine, being manured into soil and easily absorb, dry, molding, granulating process environmental protection and energy saving, resource is without waste, without dust emission.

Description

Humic acids produces fluid bed granulation unit
Technical field
The present invention relates to fluidized bed for spraying, granulating technical field, be specifically related to a kind of humic acids and produce fluidized bed prilling dress Put.
Background technology
Humic acids is usually the complexity of the aromatic carboxylic acids extracted from low level coal (peat, brown coal, weathered coal) Mixture, mainly as soil conditioner and fertilizer synergistic agent.Humic acids manufacturing enterprise does not has special molding, granulating side at present Method, simply natural pelletize in dry run, humic acid solution by centrifugation or filtration drying, obtains powder product;Dry at a slow speed In obtain granular product;Lamellar humic acids is obtained by scraper plate after being dried.Existing humic acids molding, granulating method, produces The humic acids or the granular size that go out are uneven, or density is solid, and soil absorption utilization rate is low.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides a kind of humic acids and produce fluid bed granulation unit.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is: a kind of humic acids produces fluid bed granulation unit, is dried including slurry and is System and powder granulating system;
Described slurry drying system includes spray dryer, and described spray dryer feeds by charging pump II from top one Side enters, and hot blast is entered from opposite side top by pressure fan II, and spray dryer bottom is set to bullet, and bullet side goes out Air port connects the lateral import of cyclone separator II, and cyclone separator II upper outlet leads to smoke exhaust pipe, spray after connecting air-introduced machine II Mist drying machine bullet bottom discharging opening is connected cyclonic separation with cyclone separator II bottom discharging opening by flow delivery systems The lateral charging aperture of device III, cyclone separator III upper outlet leads to spray dryer bullet side, rotation after connecting air-introduced machine III Wind separator III bottom is powder outlet;
Described powder granulating system includes fluidising chamber, feed screw, cyclone separator I, hydrofilter, described fluidisation Room is provided with distribution grid, is connected with some hot blast manifolds bottom distribution grid, and hot blast manifold connects pressure fan I outlet by house steward, distribution Plate top is provided with sprayer unit, and sprayer unit accesses bottom hydrofilter after connecting charging pump I, and fluidising chamber's feed side connects to be had Feed screw, opposite side is provided with discharging opening, and fluidising chamber's crown center is provided with exhaust outlet, and fluidising chamber's top side is provided with whirlwind and divides From device I, exhaust outlet connects the lateral import of cyclone separator I, and cyclone separator I top exit connects air-introduced machine I by pipeline and enters Mouthful, air-introduced machine I exports and connects hydrofilter side lower part by pipeline;
The cyclone separator III lower part outlet powder of slurry drying system enters the feed screw material of powder granulating system Bucket, slurry is divided into two-way from part flow arrangement, part flow arrangement by slurry drying system slurry therewith, after a road connects metering device Sending into spray dryer by charging pump II, another road is passed through pipeline after connecting metering device and is accessed the feed of powder granulating system Pump I import.
Described fluidising chamber cyclone separator I quantity supporting with it is one or more.
Described hot blast manifold is provided with regulation valve.
Described cyclone separator II quantity is two.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows: humic acids shaped granule uniform density pine, be manured into soil appearance Easily absorbing, dry, molding, granulating process environmental protection and energy saving, resource is without waste, without dust emission;Fluidising chamber is configured with cyclone separator With hydrofilter, cyclone separator makes to drain powder and is recycled, and hydrofilter makes tail gas clean-up, and the pulp-water of generation is also Recycling.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention.
In figure: 1. feed screw, 2. fluidising chamber, 3. cyclone separator I, 4. exhaust outlet, 5. charging pump I, 6. air-introduced machine I, 7. hydrofilter, 8. sprayer unit, 9. discharging opening, 10. distribution grid, 11. regulation valves, 12. hot blast manifolds, 13. pressure fan I, 14. pressure fan II, 15. air-introduced machines II, 16. cyclone separator II, 17. spray dryers, 18. charging pumps II, 19. air inducing Machine III, 20. cyclone separator III, 21. metering devices I, 22. part flow arrangements, 23. metering devices II, 24. flow delivery systems.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to be able to be more clearly understood that technical scheme, the present invention is further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
A kind of humic acids as shown in Figure 1 produces fluid bed granulation unit, including slurry drying system and granulation for powders system System, slurry drying system includes that spray dryer 17, spray dryer 17 feed to be entered from side, top by charging pump II 18 Entering, hot blast is entered from opposite side top by pressure fan II 14, and spray dryer 17 bottom is set to bullet, bullet side Air outlet connects the lateral import of cyclone separator II 16, and cyclone separator II 16 upper outlet is logical after connecting air-introduced machine II 15 Toward smoke exhaust pipe, spray dryer 17 bullet bottom discharging opening is carried by air-flow with cyclone separator II 16 bottom discharging opening System 24 connects the lateral charging aperture of cyclone separator III 20, and cyclone separator III 20 upper outlet is logical after connecting air-introduced machine III 19 Toward spray dryer 17 bullet side, cyclone separator III 20 bottom is powder outlet;Powder granulating system includes two streams Changing room 2, feed screw 1, cyclone separator I 3, hydrofilter 7, fluidising chamber 2 is provided with distribution grid 10, bottom distribution grid 10 Being connected with some hot blast manifolds 12, each hot blast manifold 12 is provided with regulation valve 11, and hot blast manifold 12 connects pressure fan I by house steward 13 outlets, distribution grid 10 top is provided with sprayer unit 8, and sprayer unit 8 accesses bottom hydrofilter 7 after connecting charging pump I 5, Fluidising chamber 2 feed side connects feed screw 1, and opposite side is provided with discharging opening 9, and each fluidising chamber 2 crown center is provided with air draft Mouth 4, each fluidising chamber 2 top side is provided with cyclone separator I 3, and exhaust outlet 4 connects the lateral import of cyclone separator I 3, rotation Wind separator I 3 top exit connects air-introduced machine I 6 import by pipeline, and air-introduced machine I 6 outlet connects wet method by pipeline and removes Dirt device 7 side lower part.
The cyclone separator III 20 lower part outlet powder of slurry drying system enters the feed screw of powder granulating system 1 hopper, slurry is divided into two-way from part flow arrangement 22, part flow arrangement 22 by slurry drying system slurry therewith, and a road connects meter Sending into spray dryer 17 by charging pump II 18 after amount device 21, powder is accessed by pipeline after connecting metering device 23 in another road Charging pump I 5 import of material granulating system.
During use, humic acids slurry is divided into two-way after entering part flow arrangement 22, and a road enters spray dried through metering device 21 Dry machine 17, dried powder is discharged from spray dryer 17 bottom, is sent into cyclone separator III by flow delivery systems 24 Entering feed screw 1 hopper after 20, be dried tail gas and empty after two cyclone separator II 16, cyclone separator II 16 separates Powder together send into feed screw 1 hopper, be dried the humic acids powder produced and send into fluidising chamber 2 by feed screw 1 In, hot blast makes powder seethe up and down in fluidising chamber 2 through distribution grid 10, and sprayer unit 8 is constantly by pulp-water atomisation, powder Material runs into hot blast and forms granule and be gradually increased weightening finish, until falling into discharging opening 9 after moisture content.Fluidising chamber 2 top powder and gas Body enters cyclone separator I 3, and the powder separated by cyclone separator I 3 continues molding, granulating, and tail gas is from cyclone separator I 3 tops are discharged, and are entered after hydrofilter 7 purifies by air-introduced machine I 6 and empty, and the pulp-water generated bottom hydrofilter 7 is again Recycling fluidising chamber 2 and go spraying, spraying pulp-water another part used provides, for starching from another road of part flow arrangement 22 Water is measured by metering device 23.

Claims (4)

1. a humic acids produces fluid bed granulation unit, it is characterised in that: include slurry drying system and powder granulating system;
Described slurry drying system includes spray dryer (17), and described spray dryer (17) feeds by charging pump II (18) Entering from side, top, hot blast is entered from opposite side top by pressure fan II (14), and spray dryer (17) bottom is set to cone Body, bullet side air outlet connects the lateral import of cyclone separator II (16), and cyclone separator II (16) upper outlet is even Connect air-introduced machine II (15) to lead to afterwards under smoke exhaust pipe, spray dryer (17) bullet bottom discharging opening and cyclone separator II (16) Portion's discharging opening connects the lateral charging aperture of cyclone separator III (20) by flow delivery systems (24), on cyclone separator III (20) Portion's outlet connects air-introduced machine III (19) and leads to spray dryer (17) bullet side afterwards, and cyclone separator III (20) bottom is powder Material outlet;
Described powder granulating system includes fluidising chamber (2), feed screw (1), cyclone separator I (3), hydrofilter (7), Described fluidising chamber (2) is provided with distribution grid (10), and distribution grid (10) bottom is connected with some hot blast manifolds (12), and hot blast manifold (12) leads to Crossing house steward and connect pressure fan I (13) outlet, distribution grid (10) top is provided with sprayer unit (8), and sprayer unit (8) connects charging pump I (5) accesses hydrofilter (7) bottom afterwards, and fluidising chamber (2) feed side connects feed screw (1), and opposite side is provided with discharging Mouth (9), fluidising chamber (2) crown center is provided with exhaust outlet (4), and fluidising chamber (2) top side is provided with cyclone separator I (3), air draft Mouth (4) connects the lateral import of cyclone separator I (3), and cyclone separator I (3) top exit connects air-introduced machine I (6) by pipeline Import, air-introduced machine I (6) outlet connects hydrofilter (7) side lower part by pipeline;
Cyclone separator III (20) the lower part outlet powder of slurry drying system enters the feed screw (1) of powder granulating system Hopper, slurry is divided into two-way from part flow arrangement (22), part flow arrangement (22) by slurry drying system slurry therewith, and a road connects Sending into spray dryer (17) by charging pump II (18) after metering device, another road is accessed by pipeline after connecting metering device Charging pump I (5) import of powder granulating system.
Humic acids the most according to claim 1 produce fluid bed granulation unit, it is characterised in that: described fluidising chamber (2) with Its supporting cyclone separator I (3) quantity is one or more.
Humic acids the most according to claim 1 produces fluid bed granulation unit, it is characterised in that: described hot blast manifold (12) It is provided with regulation valve (11).
Humic acids the most according to claim 1 produces fluid bed granulation unit, it is characterised in that: described cyclone separator II (16) quantity is two.
CN201510189670.7A 2015-04-21 2015-04-21 Humic acids produces fluid bed granulation unit Active CN104815592B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510189670.7A CN104815592B (en) 2015-04-21 2015-04-21 Humic acids produces fluid bed granulation unit

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CN104815592B true CN104815592B (en) 2016-08-17

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105294182A (en) * 2015-11-25 2016-02-03 山西广宇通科技股份有限公司 Environmentally-friendly humate production technology
CN107649071A (en) * 2017-08-31 2018-02-02 南京仰常健康管理有限公司 A kind of FOS prilling granulator and its application

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Effective date of registration: 20170505

Address after: 030013 Shanxi city of Jinzhong province Lingshi County Cui Feng Zhen Village garlic

Patentee after: SHANXI GUANG YUTONG TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

Address before: Wang Yu Xiang 031307 Shanxi city of Jinzhong province Lingshi county Wang Yucun No. 099

Patentee before: Li Jishuang