CN104763641A - Swirl self-priming pump - Google Patents

Swirl self-priming pump Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104763641A
CN104763641A CN201510141392.8A CN201510141392A CN104763641A CN 104763641 A CN104763641 A CN 104763641A CN 201510141392 A CN201510141392 A CN 201510141392A CN 104763641 A CN104763641 A CN 104763641A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
chamber
impeller
pump
storage room
liquid storage
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Granted
Application number
CN201510141392.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104763641B (en
Inventor
孙跃林
王成
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Johnson Precision Engineering Suzhou Co Ltd
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Johnson Precision Engineering Suzhou Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510141392.8A priority Critical patent/CN104763641B/en
Publication of CN104763641A publication Critical patent/CN104763641A/en
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Publication of CN104763641B publication Critical patent/CN104763641B/en
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04DNON-POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04D9/00Priming; Preventing vapour lock
    • F04D9/02Self-priming pumps
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04DNON-POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04D29/00Details, component parts, or accessories
    • F04D29/58Cooling; Heating; Diminishing heat transfer
    • F04D29/586Cooling; Heating; Diminishing heat transfer specially adapted for liquid pumps
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04DNON-POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04D29/00Details, component parts, or accessories
    • F04D29/60Mounting; Assembling; Disassembling
    • F04D29/605Mounting; Assembling; Disassembling specially adapted for liquid pumps

Abstract

The invention relates to a swirl self-priming pump. The swirl self-priming pump comprises a pump body, an impeller, a bearing component, a pump cover, a flow passage lining plate, and a front end cap. The interior of the pump body is divided into a water suction chamber, an extrusion chamber, a fluid reservoir, and an air water separating chamber. The impeller and the bearing component are connected with ends inside the extrusion chamber. A chamber without vanes is formed between the impeller and the flow passage lining plate. The impeller comprises a plurality of vanes distributed around the rotation center of the impeller. The vanes comprise connection portions close to the rotation center and working portions far away from the rotation center. The width of the working portions is greater than that of the connection portions. An annular groove is arranged on the flow passage lining plate in the position relative to the working portions, thereby forming enough circulation flow areas among the vanes and the flow passage lining plates. The air water separating chamber is located above the fluid reservoir and is communicated with the fluid reservoir. The flow passage of the extrusion chamber passes through the air water separating chamber and is communicated with an output pipeline that is connected on the pump body. In the using process of the swirl self-priming pump, solid objects are mostly removed by the chamber without vanes, and the solid objects cannot enter the impeller to abrade the impeller.

Description

A kind of rotational flow self-priming pump
Technical field
The present invention relates to self-priming pump field, is especially a kind of rotational flow self-priming pump.
Background technique
Existing self-priming pump product adopts centrifugal pump structure, and it is by the pump housing, impeller, pump cover, seal ring, sealed member, and bearing part is formed, the running clearance in high and low pressure chamber in pump, realizes sealing with seal ring.There is following shortcoming in it: centrifugal pump impeller, when pumping containing solid matter, especially when pumping the liquid containing fibre object, runner blocking easily occurs; After long-play, in sewage occasion, pump seal ring portion position meeting Fast Wearing, causes pump performance to decline; Pump suction chamber presses flow passage structure design, and unsuitable opening or cleaning reason hand hole, during Severe blockage, will disintegrate to pump, could clear up.Workload is large, and the time is long.Bearing body part, without cooling system, during bearing heating, can affect pump and normally work.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to solve the problem, and provides a kind of rotational flow self-priming pump, is specifically realized by following technological scheme:
A kind of rotational flow self-priming pump, comprises the pump housing, impeller, bearing part, pump cover, runner liner plate and front cover, and described pump body divides suction chamber, delivery chamber, liquid storage room, air-water separation chamber; Described suction chamber between front cover and runner liner plate, and is communicated with the inlet pipeline being connected to the pump housing, and described front cover is connected with the pump housing by handle nut; Described delivery chamber is relative with suction chamber level, and both interconnect via the duct of runner liner plate central authorities; Described pump cover is between described liquid storage room and described delivery chamber, and described bearing part makes its end be positioned at delivery chamber via described liquid storage room through described pump cover, thus the main body of described bearing part is immersed in liquid storage room; The end that described impeller and bearing part are positioned at delivery chamber is connected, formed without phyllocyst between impeller and runner liner plate, described impeller comprises multiple blade be distributed in around its center of rotation, described blade comprises near the joint of center of rotation and the homework department away from center of rotation, the width of described homework department is greater than described joint, the part that described runner liner plate is relative with described homework department is provided with the groove of annular, thus between blade and runner liner plate, form enough circular flow regions; Described air-water separation chamber is positioned at the top of described liquid storage room and is communicated with described liquid storage room, and the runner of described delivery chamber is communicated with the output pipe be connected on the pump housing through described air-water separation chamber.
Described rotational flow self-priming pump, it designs further and is, the top of described suction chamber is provided with the water-inlet cavity being positioned at air-water separation chamber side, and described inlet pipeline is connected to the side of water-inlet cavity, and the bottom of water-inlet cavity is communicated with described suction chamber.
Described rotational flow self-priming pump, it designs further and is, is provided with filter plate between described inlet pipeline and described water-inlet cavity.
Described rotational flow self-priming pump, it designs further and is, described bearing part comprise be positioned at liquid storage room support housing, rotating shaft and bearing, described rotating shaft is arranged in support housing rotationally by bearing, and the end of bearing is connected with the impeller being positioned at delivery chamber through described pump cover.
Described rotational flow self-priming pump, it designs further and is, the middle part of described pump cover is to the side protuberance being positioned at liquid storage room, and described rotating shaft is passed this bump pad thus entered delivery chamber, is provided with seal ring between this bump pad and rotating shaft.
Described rotational flow self-priming pump, its further design be, described pump cover and described support housing are tightly connected towards the side of delivery chamber.
Described rotational flow self-priming pump, it designs further and is, the bottom of described liquid storage room is provided with liquid outlet opening, and described liquid outlet opening is communicated with the bottom of described delivery chamber.
Described rotational flow self-priming pump, it designs further and is, the bottom of described liquid storage room, delivery chamber, suction chamber is provided with through apocenosis passage, described liquid outlet opening is communicated with described apocenosis passage thus is communicated with described delivery chamber, and apocenosis passage has the outlet being positioned at described front cover bottom, this outlet port is provided with dismountable plugging block.
In using process of the present invention, solid matter great majority are got rid of via without phyllocyst, do not enter impeller, can not produce wearing and tearing to impeller; Impeller place of the present invention is without seal ring, and the running clearance not depositing the pump housing and impeller upon wear increases, and the problem causing pump performance to decline; Utilize torque flow pump can pump the characteristic of the liquid containing certain gas simultaneously, expand the using scope of self-priming pump; Bearing part outer surface major part is submerged in pump housing bottom liquid storage room, during work, is cooled by the liquid pumped, has good cooling effect; Suction chamber of the present invention adopts Large Copacity design, and flow rate of liquid is low, and fluid resistance losses is little, effectively can reduce NPSH, improves the suction journey of pump; During generation Severe blockage of the present invention, scene without instrument, can twist off the nut of band handle, arrests the handle nut being fixed on detachable type front cover with hand, easily can take off detachable type front cover then to clear up pump suction chamber, other any part of pipeline and pump need not be moved.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with Figure of description and embodiment, the present invention is further described.
As shown in Figure 1, this rotational flow self-priming pump comprises the pump housing 1, impeller 2, bearing part 3, pump cover 4, runner liner plate 5 and front cover 6, and pump body divides suction chamber 11, delivery chamber 12, liquid storage room 13, air-water separation chamber 14; Suction chamber between front cover and runner liner plate, and is communicated with the inlet pipeline being connected to the pump housing, and front cover is connected with the pump housing by handle nut 61; Delivery chamber is relative with suction chamber level, and both interconnect via the duct of runner liner plate 5 central authorities; Pump cover 4 is between liquid storage room and delivery chamber 12, and bearing part 3 makes its end be positioned at delivery chamber 12 via liquid storage room 13 through pump cover 4, thus the main body of bearing part is immersed in liquid storage room 13; The end that impeller 2 and bearing part are positioned at delivery chamber is connected, formed between impeller and runner liner plate without phyllocyst 121, impeller 2 comprises multiple blade 21 be distributed in around its center of rotation, blade comprises near the joint of center of rotation and the homework department away from center of rotation, the width of homework department is greater than joint, the part that runner liner plate 5 is relative with homework department is provided with the groove 51 of annular, thus between blade and runner liner plate, form enough circular flow regions; Air-water separation chamber 14 is positioned at the top of liquid storage room 13 and is communicated with liquid storage room, and the runner of delivery chamber is communicated with the output pipe 10 be connected on the pump housing through air-water separation chamber.
The top of suction chamber 11 is provided with the water-inlet cavity 15 being positioned at air-water separation chamber side, and inlet pipeline 7 is connected to the side of water-inlet cavity, and the bottom of water-inlet cavity is communicated with suction chamber.Filter plate 71 is provided with between inlet pipeline 7 and water-inlet cavity.
Bearing part 3 comprise be positioned at liquid storage room support housing 31, rotating shaft 32 and bearing 33, rotating shaft is arranged in support housing rotationally by bearing, and the end of bearing is connected with the impeller being positioned at delivery chamber through pump cover.
The middle part of pump cover 4 is to the side protuberance being positioned at liquid storage room, and rotating shaft is passed this bump pad thus entered delivery chamber, is provided with seal ring 9 between this bump pad and rotating shaft.Pump cover and support housing are tightly connected towards the side of delivery chamber.
The bottom of liquid storage room 13 is provided with liquid outlet opening 131, and liquid outlet opening 131 is communicated with the bottom of delivery chamber, thus supplies water to delivery chamber when the present invention starts.Further, the bottom of liquid storage room, delivery chamber, suction chamber is provided with through apocenosis passage 8, liquid outlet opening 131 is communicated with apocenosis passage thus is communicated with delivery chamber, and apocenosis passage has the outlet being positioned at front cover bottom, this outlet port is provided with dismountable plugging block 81, when needs are safeguarded, the water discharge that pump body retains by this plugging block can be taken out.
In using process of the present invention, solid matter great majority are got rid of via without phyllocyst, do not enter impeller, can not produce wearing and tearing to impeller; Impeller place of the present invention is without seal ring, and the running clearance not depositing the pump housing and impeller upon wear increases, and the problem causing pump performance to decline; Utilize torque flow pump can pump the characteristic of the liquid containing certain gas simultaneously, expand the using scope of self-priming pump; Bearing part outer surface major part is submerged in pump housing bottom liquid storage room, during work, is cooled by the liquid pumped, has good cooling effect; Suction chamber of the present invention adopts Large Copacity design, and flow rate of liquid is low, and fluid resistance losses is little, effectively can reduce NPSH, improves the suction journey of pump; During generation Severe blockage of the present invention, scene without instrument, can twist off the nut of band handle, arrests the handle nut being fixed on detachable type front cover with hand, easily can take off detachable type front cover then to clear up pump suction chamber, other any part of pipeline and pump need not be moved.

Claims (8)

1. a rotational flow self-priming pump, is characterized in that, comprises the pump housing, impeller, bearing part, pump cover, runner liner plate and front cover, and described pump body divides suction chamber, delivery chamber, liquid storage room, air-water separation chamber; Described suction chamber between front cover and runner liner plate, and is communicated with the inlet pipeline being connected to the pump housing, and described front cover is connected with the pump housing by handle nut; Described delivery chamber is relative with suction chamber level, and both interconnect via the duct of runner liner plate central authorities; Described pump cover is between described liquid storage room and described delivery chamber, and described bearing part makes its end be positioned at delivery chamber via described liquid storage room through described pump cover, thus the main body of described bearing part is immersed in liquid storage room; The end that described impeller and bearing part are positioned at delivery chamber is connected, formed without phyllocyst between impeller and runner liner plate, described impeller comprises multiple blade be distributed in around its center of rotation, described blade comprises near the joint of center of rotation and the homework department away from center of rotation, the width of described homework department is greater than described joint, the part that described runner liner plate is relative with described homework department is provided with the groove of annular, thus between blade and runner liner plate, form enough circular flow regions; Described air-water separation chamber is positioned at the top of described liquid storage room and is communicated with described liquid storage room, and the runner of described delivery chamber is communicated with the output pipe be connected on the pump housing through described air-water separation chamber.
2. rotational flow self-priming pump according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the top of described suction chamber is provided with the water-inlet cavity being positioned at air-water separation chamber side, and described inlet pipeline is connected to the side of water-inlet cavity, and the bottom of water-inlet cavity is communicated with described suction chamber.
3. rotational flow self-priming pump according to claim 2, is characterized in that, is provided with filter plate between described inlet pipeline and described water-inlet cavity.
4. rotational flow self-priming pump according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described bearing part comprise be positioned at liquid storage room support housing, rotating shaft and bearing, described rotating shaft is arranged in support housing rotationally by bearing, and the end of bearing is connected with the impeller being positioned at delivery chamber through described pump cover.
5. rotational flow self-priming pump according to claim 4, is characterized in that, the middle part of described pump cover is to the side protuberance being positioned at liquid storage room, and described rotating shaft is passed this bump pad thus entered delivery chamber, is provided with seal ring between this bump pad and rotating shaft.
6. rotational flow self-priming pump according to claim 4, is characterized in that, described pump cover and described support housing are tightly connected towards the side of delivery chamber.
7. rotational flow self-priming pump according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the bottom of described liquid storage room is provided with liquid outlet opening, and described liquid outlet opening is communicated with the bottom of described delivery chamber.
8. rotational flow self-priming pump according to claim 7, it is characterized in that, the bottom of described liquid storage room, delivery chamber, suction chamber is provided with through apocenosis passage, described liquid outlet opening is communicated with described apocenosis passage thus is communicated with described delivery chamber, and apocenosis passage has the outlet being positioned at described front cover bottom, this outlet port is provided with dismountable plugging block.
CN201510141392.8A 2015-03-30 2015-03-30 A kind of rotational flow self-priming pump Active CN104763641B (en)

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CN104763641B CN104763641B (en) 2017-08-25

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105179306A (en) * 2015-10-14 2015-12-23 江苏国泉泵业制造有限公司 Hydraulic design method for semi-open type impeller of grinding pump
CN108869315A (en) * 2018-07-03 2018-11-23 江苏创进泵阀制造有限公司 A kind of No leakage anti-clogging oil SAPMAC method formula high efficiency synchronous intelligence self priming pump
CN108916063A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-11-30 陕西科技大学 A kind of fibre-bearing class impurity sewage delivery pump
CN108916064A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-11-30 陕西科技大学 A kind of sewage pump

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0460597B1 (en) * 1990-06-08 1995-01-18 CALPEDA S.p.A. Single impeller centrifugal pump with a peripheral-longitudinal diffuser
CN2323180Y (en) * 1997-12-18 1999-06-09 杨大贤 Non-blocking self-priming sewage pump
CN2332833Y (en) * 1997-11-20 1999-08-11 永嘉县瓯北天山机电设备厂 Self-sucking turbulence non-clogging pollution discharge pump
EP0879360B1 (en) * 1996-11-27 2001-06-20 CALPEDA S.p.A. Diffuser and conveyor device for a single-impeller centrigugal self-priming pump
CN201133356Y (en) * 2007-09-29 2008-10-15 上海连成(集团)有限公司 Self-suction centrifugal pump structural optimization and improvement
CN202768407U (en) * 2012-09-20 2013-03-06 宁波大红鹰学院 Special self-priming pump
CN204572472U (en) * 2015-03-30 2015-08-19 强胜精密机械(苏州)有限公司 A kind of rotational flow self-priming pump

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0460597B1 (en) * 1990-06-08 1995-01-18 CALPEDA S.p.A. Single impeller centrifugal pump with a peripheral-longitudinal diffuser
EP0879360B1 (en) * 1996-11-27 2001-06-20 CALPEDA S.p.A. Diffuser and conveyor device for a single-impeller centrigugal self-priming pump
CN2332833Y (en) * 1997-11-20 1999-08-11 永嘉县瓯北天山机电设备厂 Self-sucking turbulence non-clogging pollution discharge pump
CN2323180Y (en) * 1997-12-18 1999-06-09 杨大贤 Non-blocking self-priming sewage pump
CN201133356Y (en) * 2007-09-29 2008-10-15 上海连成(集团)有限公司 Self-suction centrifugal pump structural optimization and improvement
CN202768407U (en) * 2012-09-20 2013-03-06 宁波大红鹰学院 Special self-priming pump
CN204572472U (en) * 2015-03-30 2015-08-19 强胜精密机械(苏州)有限公司 A kind of rotational flow self-priming pump

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105179306A (en) * 2015-10-14 2015-12-23 江苏国泉泵业制造有限公司 Hydraulic design method for semi-open type impeller of grinding pump
CN108916063A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-11-30 陕西科技大学 A kind of fibre-bearing class impurity sewage delivery pump
CN108916064A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-11-30 陕西科技大学 A kind of sewage pump
CN108869315A (en) * 2018-07-03 2018-11-23 江苏创进泵阀制造有限公司 A kind of No leakage anti-clogging oil SAPMAC method formula high efficiency synchronous intelligence self priming pump

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