CN104760717B - Granule material package machine - Google Patents

Granule material package machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104760717B
CN104760717B CN201510127275.6A CN201510127275A CN104760717B CN 104760717 B CN104760717 B CN 104760717B CN 201510127275 A CN201510127275 A CN 201510127275A CN 104760717 B CN104760717 B CN 104760717B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
roll
roller
granule
rod
sealing
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CN201510127275.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104760717A (en
Inventor
张勇
刘水长
胡京明
申辰州
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湖南工业大学
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Priority to CN201510127275.6A priority Critical patent/CN104760717B/en
Publication of CN104760717A publication Critical patent/CN104760717A/en
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Publication of CN104760717B publication Critical patent/CN104760717B/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B9/00Enclosing successive articles, or quantities of material, e.g. liquids or semiliquids, in flat, folded, or tubular webs of flexible sheet material; Subdividing filled flexible tubes to form packages
    • B65B9/10Enclosing successive articles, or quantities of material, in preformed tubular webs, or in webs formed into tubes around filling nozzles, e.g. extruded tubular webs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B51/00Devices for, or methods of, sealing or securing package folds or closures; Devices for gathering or twisting wrappers, or necks of bags
    • B65B51/10Applying or generating heat or pressure or combinations thereof
    • B65B51/26Devices specially adapted for producing transverse or longitudinal seams in webs or tubes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B61/00Auxiliary devices, not otherwise provided for, for operating on sheets, blanks, webs, binding material, containers or packages
    • B65B61/04Auxiliary devices, not otherwise provided for, for operating on sheets, blanks, webs, binding material, containers or packages for severing webs, or for separating joined packages
    • B65B61/06Auxiliary devices, not otherwise provided for, for operating on sheets, blanks, webs, binding material, containers or packages for severing webs, or for separating joined packages by cutting

Abstract

The open a kind of granule material package machine of the present invention, including Vertical Rack, coiled strip conveyer device, feeding device, bag molding device and closing device;Described closing device includes longitudinal sealing traction apparatus and horizontal sealing cutoff device;Described longitudinal sealing traction apparatus is arranged on above described horizontal sealing cutoff device.The present inventor by granule material package machine be set to vertical structure, and each parts are arranged and the improvement of concrete parts the most cleverly, greatly simplified structure and reduce required floor space, can also effectively improve the reliability of machine, packaging speed and yield rate simultaneously, operate the easiest, it is possible to effectively realize granule materials packaging being formed fast and accurately the longitudinal sealing overlap joint bag product of pincushion.And wherein also save the needs being independently arranged traction apparatus again, and by arranging the horizontal sealing cutoff device of original creation, meet sealing demand, also achieve simultaneously and packing film carries out shearing at sealing disconnection, thus save and the needs of shear are being set.

Description

Granule material package machine

Technical field

The present invention relates to the technical field of packaging Mechanical Design, particularly relate to a kind of granule material package machine.

Background technology

Worldwide, the development history of packaging industry is comparatively short, and the European and American countries that science and technology is flourishing is substantially 20 Beginning of the century starting, the fifties, paces were the most greatly accelerated.

Before 20 beginnings of the century terminated to World War II, in industry such as medicine, food, Medicated cigarette, match, daily-use chemical industries Department achieves the mechanization of package handling, uses purely mechanic control technology;The fifties, packer is widely used with ordinary electronic Switch and electron tube are the control system of main element, i.e. relay controls to add mechanical adjustment techniques, it is achieved that primary automatization;60 In the age, using dynamo-electric light liquid gas complex art showed increased in packer, machine expands further, occurs in that on this basis specially Automatic packaging line;The seventies, microelectric technique is introduced automatic packaging machine and baling line, it is achieved that by electronic computer control The package production of system;From the beginning of 80 to the beginning of the nineties, in some packaging field, microcomputer, robot are more applied to Feed, detect, the aspect such as management, prepare to flexible automatic packaging line and " unmanned " packing shop automatically excessive.

The average water product of above-described simply Development of Packaging Industry.But specific to certain class machine, then have nothing in common with each other.With certainly As a example by dynamic packaging and filling machinery, seen type on market the most at home, main employing relay controls technology or dynamo-electric light Liquid gas complex art, for relative package packing machine overall development level, somewhat the most backward, it is unable to catch up with the paces in epoch.Food The general trend of packaging industry development is exactly to realize the automatization of packaging for foodstuff, intellectuality and last realize " unmanned " to pack.

At present, mainly there are the U.S., Germany, Japan, Italy and Britain in the country that external packaging and food machinery level is high. And recent years, these country's packaging and food machinery equipment developments present the trend made new advances, and its technology will be towards four direction Development: one is mechanical function diversification.Industry and commerce product has tended to sophistication and diversification, under overall situation variation situation, many Unitization, elastification and there is the packaging machine of multiple handoff functionality can meeting the market requirement.Two is structural design criteria, mould Groupization.Make full use of original type and carry out modularity design, new architecture can be changed at short notice.Three is intelligent control.Mesh Front package packing machine producer commonly uses PLC line load controller, although PLC elasticity is very big, but does not has computer yet (containing soft Part) power that had.Four is structure high precision int.Structure design and structure motion control etc. are concerning package packing machine performance Quality, (PLC) contour micromanipulator can be controlled by motor, encoder and digital control (NC), line load and complete, And moderately do product extension, the packaging facilities direction towards high-tech industry is researched and developed.

The Development of Packaging Industry of the U.S. is relatively early, covering extensive fields, and basis is sturdy, and level is the highest.Only with regard to package packing machine manufacturing industry In, well matched in strength rich, its kind and the gross output value all occupy first place in the world.The U.S. has many industrial undertakings and military service to set up Packaging research institution, makes full use of experimental means and throws oneself into new product, the exploitation of new technique and application.Such as, computer Metering grading machine is the most extensively applied, and the product that device metering is inaccurate can be rejected by it, can be to not Labelled product is rejected, and can reject the bottled commodity do not added a cover, it is also possible to control filling metering.Computer meter Promoting the use of of amount grading machine, makes the quality control of commodity achieve mechanization, scientific, automatization.

The packaging industry of Japan is from the most gradually growing up.Because being good at introducing, imitate, innovate, managing, only Preliminary basis has just been established with more than ten years.Nowadays, Japan has been set up independent packaging industry system, its packaging industry The half of the gross output value about U.S. and leap to second place of the world.Japan has a collection of small package packing machine maker, side Overweighting exploitation packer middle-size and small-size, automanual and corollary equipment, its technology has come into the international rank of advanced units.

The Packaging Machinery Industry of Germany is the most flourishing, and the aspect such as design, manufacture and technical performance at package packing machine occupy Leading position.Germany's canned speed of beverage at present can reach 1200 bottles/hour, cigarette pack 12000/minute, collects bag, title The operations such as weight, filling, evacuation, sealing reach 350 bags/minute in the tea packaging motor speed the most at a high speed of one.

Chinese packaging machinery is started late, and through the development of more than 20 years, Chinese packaging machinery became in mechanical industry ten One of big industry, provides sound assurance for China packaging industry fast development, and some package packing machine has filled up domestic blank, Can substantially meet the demand of domestic market, portioned product also has outlet.But at present, Chinese packaging machinery export amount the most not Football Association The 5% of the output value, import volume is but on the whole suitable with the gross output value, greatly differs from each other with developed country.Due to food packing machine manufacture row The industry formation time only has 20 years, and major part packaging for foodstuff scope of the enterprise is less than normal, and therefore industry concentration ratio is the highest, its problem existed It is mainly manifested in: development costs is few, lack qualified technical personnel;Low-level repetition is too many, and the type that most enterprises produces still uses Relay controls technology and mechanical adjustment techniques, and the device structure produced is complicated, and automaticity is low, and productivity ratio is the highest, environmental protection Property is poor.Thus cause the significant wastage to resource, cause the confusion in package packing machine market, hinder the development of industry.

At present, food packing machine competition, following food packing machine, by cooperation industry automatization, promotes Packaging facilities aggregate level improves, and develops multi-functional, high efficiency, low consumed food packing device.Therefore, for accelerating China's bag Installation tool industrial expansion, will set about from following several respects.

One, realize food packing machine electromechanical integration.Current food packing machine is to collect mechanical, electrical, gas, light, magnetic In the mechanical electronic equipment of one, when design, the automaticity improving package packing machine, grinding package packing machine should be put forth effort on Send out and be combined with computer, it is achieved Mechatronics control.The essence of electromechanical integration, exactly from systematic point of view, uses process Control principle, carries out organic assembling by machinery, electronics with the relevant technology such as information, detection, it is achieved global optimization.

Two, employ new technology, set up automatization, variation, multifunctional integrated package packing machine new system.Food bag Installation its technology trends of tool is mainly reflected in high production rate, automatization, unit composition production line multi-functional, multi-functional, adopts With on new technique.

Three, adapt to international market requirement, exploitation design green package machinery.After accession to WTO, International Packaging machinery industry Increasingly competitive, external Green Trade Barrier proposes higher requirement to Situations of Food Packaging Machinery industry, therefore it is necessary to change Traditional packaging Mechanical Design and development mode, the design phase in view of make package packing machine in its Life cycle (design, Processing and manufacturing, assemble, use, keep in repair until discarded post processing disposal process) environment is minimized without impact or impact, resource low Consume, be easily recycled etc. " green characteristic ", to promote the core competitiveness of Packaging Machinery in Our Country.

The present inventor is by as above understanding the gap of domestic and international packaging facilities, it is believed that the technology of Packaging Machinery in Our Country need into One step is improved.Especially in terms of granule material package machine, the existence of existing granule material package machine is following in various degree Defect: structure is complicated, and floor space is relatively big, and reliability is poor, and packaging speed is relatively slow, and yield rate is relatively low, and automaticity is not High.

Therefore, the present inventor is devoted to develop a kind of new granule material package machine, overcomes existing granule material package machine The defect existed, it is achieved fast and accurately granule materials packaging is formed the longitudinal sealing overlap joint bag product of pincushion.

Summary of the invention

The purpose of the present invention, it is simply that propose a kind of new granule material package machine, overcomes existing granule material package machine to deposit Defect, it is achieved fast and accurately by granule materials packaging formed pincushion longitudinal sealing overlap joint bag product.

The present invention solves above-mentioned technical problem, it is provided that a kind of granule material package machine, including: Vertical Rack, it is used for The coiled strip conveyer device of output packing film, for exporting the feeding device of granule materials, for packing film is guided molding Bag molding device, and for the packing film of molding being carried out the closing device of hot-press sealed.

Described coiled strip conveyer device is arranged on the top of described Vertical Rack, and described bag molding device is arranged on described vertical The middle part of frame, described closing device is arranged on the bottom of Vertical Rack, and the inlet of described feeding device is arranged on described vertical The middle and lower part of open frame, is carried out guiding molding by described coiled strip conveyer device output packing film to described bag molding device, Carried out sealing molding by described closing device again, by feeding device, granule materials is led in the capping processes of described closing device Enter in packing film.

Wherein, described closing device includes: for packing film carries out traction the longitudinal sealing traction apparatus of longitudinally heat-sealing, And for packing film is carried out the horizontal sealing cutoff device that transversely end opening seals and cuts off.Described longitudinal sealing traction apparatus is arranged Above described horizontal sealing cutoff device.

Described longitudinal sealing traction apparatus includes the first roller, the first driving machine for driving described first roller to rotate, use In the first heating member heated to described first roller, the second roller, it is used for driving the second driving of described second roller rotation Machine and for the second heating member to described second roller heating, described first roller and described second roller be arranged side by side, and Making constant speed to turn round in opposite directions, described packing film two longitudinal edge completes via the gap between described first roller and the second roller Longitudinal sealing and downward drawing-in motion.

Described horizontal sealing cutoff device includes the first roll body, the 3rd driving machine for driving described first roll body to rotate, use In the 3rd heating member heated to described first roll body, the second roll body, it is used for driving the 4th driving of described second roll body rotation Machine, for the 4th heating member to described second roll body heating with for cutting off the cutting knife of packing film, described first roll body Outer peripheral face all projections of outer peripheral face and described second roll body are provided with cutting knife described at least, described first roll body and described second Roll body is arranged side by side, and makees constant speed and turn round in opposite directions, and interval rolling seals through the suitable for reading of described packing film or end opening, with The cutting knife of Shi Suoshu the first roll body cuts off packing film with the cutting knife interval of described second roll body at sealing mutually.

The present inventor by granule material package machine be set to vertical structure, and each parts are arranged the most cleverly With the improvement of concrete parts, greatly simplified structure and reduce required floor space, can also effectively improve machine simultaneously Reliability, packaging speed and yield rate, operate the easiest, it is possible to effectively realizes fast and accurately granule materials being packed shape Become the longitudinal sealing overlap joint bag product of pincushion.

And wherein huge improvement has been done especially for closing device of the present invention, by utilizing longitudinal sealing traction dress The longitudinal sealing problem that solves being set effective, the most also provides pull strength for coiled strip conveyer device, thus saves to be independently arranged again and lead The needs of leading-in device;By arranging the horizontal sealing cutoff device of original creation, be not only able to effectively to meet the suitable for reading of packing film or under The sealing demand of mouth, also achieves simultaneously and carries out packing film shearing disconnection at sealing, thus save and arranging shearing The needs of device.

It is also preferred that the left the cross section of the first roll body of the present invention and described second roll body is at least while being outwardly convex The convex polygon of arc-shaped edges, the arc-shaped edges of described convex polygon is positioned at apart from the farthest side of itself center of rotation, and On each described arc-shaped edges, projection is provided with cutting knife described in.

It is also preferred that the left the cross section of described first roll body and/or described second roll body is the relatively long side with two arc-shaped edges, Described in two, arc-shaped edges opposition is arranged, and equal apart from the distance of its center of rotation.

It is also preferred that the left the centre position of the arc-shaped edges of described first roll body and/or described second roll body offers for plugging The slot of described cutting knife.

It is also preferred that the left described first roll body and described second roll body are identical cylindrical roller, and described first roll body and Described second roll body is arranged off-centre.

It is also preferred that the left the cross section of described first roll body and described second roll body is oval.

The present inventor is through repetition test and pays huge creative work, develops concrete side as above the most further Case so that the granule material package machine of the present invention pass through the first roll body as set above and described second roll body, can more added with The interval rolling that realizes of effect seals the suitable for reading of packing film and end opening successively, is turned off by packing film at sealing simultaneously, Form the longitudinal sealing overlap joint bag product of the pincushion of independent packaging molding.

It is also preferred that the left described feeding device includes feed bin, scraper plate, charging tray, measuring cup, link gear, rotary shaft and inlet, institute Stating feed bin and be arranged on above described charging tray, described scraper plate is placed in described charging tray, and the bottom surface of described charging tray offers some outlets, Described measuring cup is docked in described outlet, accepts by the granule materials dropped in described outlet, and described rotary shaft connects described material Dish, drives described charging tray to rotate relative to described scraper plate, and the granule materials that described outlet end face has more is scraped off by described scraper plate.

Described link gear includes first connecting rod, Flexible Connector, second connecting rod and concavo-convex dish, described first connecting rod upper End is hinged on described charging tray, and the lower end of described first connecting rod is fixedly arranged on the middle part of described second connecting rod, described elastic connection Part one end is connected to the middle part of described first connecting rod, and the other end stretching of described Flexible Connector is connected in described rotary shaft, The upper end of described second connecting rod is fixedly arranged on the base plate of described measuring cup, and the base plate of described measuring cup is separating bottom plate, only passes through institute Stating propping up of second connecting rod and support to arrive on the bottom surface being located at described measuring cup, described concavo-convex dish level is fixedly installed under described second connecting rod Square, the upper surface being located at described concavo-convex dish is supported in the lower end of described second connecting rod, and described first connecting rod, Flexible Connector and second are even Bar followed by described rotary shaft and rotates, and described concavo-convex dish maintains static, and is formed with one in the upper surface of described concavo-convex dish Depressed area.

Under normal condition, the lower end of described second connecting rod is vertically supported on the plane area of the upper surface being located at described concavo-convex dish, Supporting the height set constant, the base plate of described measuring cup supports and is located on the bottom surface of described measuring cup, and the granule materials in described measuring cup will not Drop.

Under discharging state, the lower end of described second connecting rod moves in described depressed area, supports the height set and declines, described Drive described base plate ramp-like in leaning outward under the pulling force effect of first connecting rod and described Flexible Connector, by the particulate matter in measuring cup Material is discharged in described inlet via base plate.

The present inventor develops feeding device as above further, and it has structure and the spy being different from general feeding device Point, can realize automatic constant volume feed by measuring cup, makes full use of object gravity feature, is derived by granule materials interval constant volume, Highly effective can meet the fuel requirements of granule material package machine.

It is also preferred that the left described link gear also includes one for adjusting the height arm control of described concavo-convex dish rational height, institute Stating measuring cup to be made up of upper bush, lower sleeve and base plate, the outward flange outwardly convex of the lower port of described upper bush forms lower flange, The inwardly protruding upper flange that is formed of upper port inward flange of described lower sleeve, the upper port of described upper bush is docked at described outlet On, described lower sleeve is set in the lower port of described upper bush, and described lower flange and described upper flange form gear and set for preventing Only described lower sleeve is deviate from from described upper bush.

Feeding device is the most as above deeply developed by the present inventor so that feeding device has been further equipped with supplying The function that doses can regulate at any time, and regulation operation is the simplest, it is only necessary to adjust described concavo-convex by described height arm control The height of dish.

It is also preferred that the left described coiled strip conveyer device includes wound membrane roller, tolerant roller and tolerant brake unit, described packing film Roll on described wound membrane roller, and via in described tolerant roller output to described bag molding device, described tolerant roller can be upper and lower Float or being arranged in three-dimensional frame of swinging;Described tolerant brake unit includes V-arrangement link and regulation spring, described V-arrangement Link has one for first hinged end hinged with described tolerant roller rotary shaft, one for being articulated with described three-dimensional frame The second hinged end and one for support be located on described wound membrane roller support set end, described V-arrangement link is in described wound membrane roller Cylinder and the top of tolerant roller, described second hinged end is articulated with in described three-dimensional frame, and described first hinged end is articulated with described In the rotary shaft of tolerant roller, one end of described regulation spring is fixed in described three-dimensional frame, the other end of described regulation spring It is fixed on described V-arrangement link, makes supporting of described V-arrangement link set end to being located on described wound membrane roller.

The present inventor develops coiled strip conveyer device as above further, furthermore achieved that tolerant and braking is integrated. Coiled strip conveyer device of the present invention not only as traditional approach by add tolerant roller overcome packing film defeated During sending, because of a variety of causes, cause hauling speed transient change, thus pine when causing packing film tight when occurring when drawing Phenomenon, has created out new tolerant brake unit the most further, and when hauling speed is accelerated, pull strength strengthens so that tolerant roller The most tolerant, drive supporting of V-arrangement link to set end away from wound membrane roller, brake force reduces, and makes film rolling accelerate to rotate, and tension force subtracts Little.Otherwise, brake force strengthens.

It is also preferred that the left described granule material package machine also includes that control system, described control system include: be used for detecting packaging The photoelectric sensor of the pictorial trademark information on thin film, for detecting the first temperature sensing of the temperature information of longitudinal sealing traction apparatus Device, for detecting the second temperature sensor of the temperature information of horizontal sealing cutoff device, and central controller.

Described central controller obtains phase by described photoelectric sensor, the first temperature sensor and the second temperature sensor Pass information, and control respectively to connect described first driving machine, the second driving machine, the 3rd driving machine, 4 wheel driven motivation and feed dress Put.

The present inventor develops control system as above further, improves the automaticity of the present invention further, wherein The different pattern on packing film can be identified by photoelectric sensor, by corresponding driving machine can realize accurately according to Certain length or carry out horizontal sealing and cut-out at concrete pattern so that the pattern in the packaging bag of last molding is complete, it is to avoid produce Raw dislocation.

In sum, granule material package machine of the present invention has a following beneficial effect:

1, the present invention is a kind of new granule material package machine, it is possible to overcome what existing granule material package machine existed to lack Fall into, it is achieved fast and accurately granule materials packaging is formed the longitudinal sealing overlap joint bag product of pincushion.

2, the present invention selects vertical structure, and is arranged the most cleverly and the improvement of concrete parts by each parts, greatly Big simplifies structure and reduces required floor space, can also effectively improve the reliability of machine, packaging speed and become simultaneously Product rate, operates the easiest.

3, the present invention is by utilizing longitudinal sealing traction apparatus effectively to solve longitudinal sealing problem, is the most also coiled strip conveyer device Pull strength is provided, thus saves the needs being independently arranged traction apparatus again;By arranging the horizontal sealing cutoff device of original creation, not only Can effectively meet the sealing demand of the suitable for reading of packing film or end opening, also achieve at sealing, enter packing film simultaneously Row is sheared and is disconnected, thus saves and arranging the needs of shear.

4, the horizontal sealing cutoff device that the present invention develops further so that the granule material package machine of the present invention can be more Effective realization interval rolling seals the suitable for reading of packing film and end opening successively, is broken by packing film at sealing simultaneously Open, form the longitudinal sealing overlap joint bag product of the pincushion of independent packaging molding.

5, the present inventor develops feeding device as above further, can realize automatic constant volume feed by measuring cup, fill Point utilize object gravity feature, granule materials interval constant volume is derived, it is possible to highly effective meet granule material package machine Fuel requirements.

6, the present inventor is the most further to deeply developing that feeding device is carried out so that feeding device has been further equipped with supplying The function that doses can regulate at any time, and regulation operation is the simplest.

7, the coiled strip conveyer device that the present inventor develops further, furthermore achieved that tolerant and braking is integrated, and Tolerant more preferable with braking effect, it is possible to the more efficient lasting appropriateness tensioning realizing packing film distraction procedure reliably.

8, the control system that the present invention adds further, further increases the automaticity of the present invention, and can realize Accurate according to certain length or carry out horizontal sealing and cut-out at concrete pattern so that the pattern in the packaging bag of last molding is complete Whole, it is to avoid to produce dislocation.

Accompanying drawing explanation

With detailed description of the invention, the present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:

Fig. 1 is the theory diagram of specific embodiment granule material package machine.

Fig. 2 is the perspective view of specific embodiment granule material package machine.

Fig. 3 is the cross-sectional structure schematic diagram of the horizontal sealing cutoff device of specific embodiment.

Fig. 4 is the control system schematic diagram of specific embodiment.

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the feeding device of specific embodiment.

Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the coiled strip conveyer device of specific embodiment.

Fig. 7 is the longitudinal sealing overlap joint bag product structure schematic diagram of pincushion.

Fig. 8 is the packaging process flow figure of specific embodiment granule material package machine.

Drawing reference numeral illustrates:

Control system 100, photoelectric sensor 110, the first temperature sensor 120, the second temperature sensor 130, central authorities' control Device 140 processed, coiled strip conveyer device 200, wound membrane roller 210, tolerant roller 220, tolerant brake unit 230, V-arrangement link 231, adjust Joint spring 232, the first hinged end 233, the second hinged end 234, supports and sets end 235, feeding device 300, inlet 310, feed bin 320, scraper plate 330, charging tray 340, measuring cup 350, base plate 351, upper bush 352, lower sleeve 353, link gear 360, first connecting rod 361, Flexible Connector 362, second connecting rod 363, concavo-convex dish 364, depressed area 365, height arm control 366, rotary shaft 370, system Bag shaper 400, closing device 500, longitudinal sealing traction apparatus 510, the first roller 511, the second roller 512, horizontal sealing cutoff device 520, the first roll body 521, the 3rd heating member 522, the second roll body 523, the 4th heating member 524, cutting knife 525, center of rotation P, bag Dress thin film 600.

Detailed description of the invention

As it is shown in figure 1, present embodiment discloses a kind of granule material package machine, including: Vertical Rack (not shown), Control system 100, for exporting the coiled strip conveyer device 200 of packing film, for exporting the feeding device 300 of granule materials, For packing film being guided the bag molding device 400 of molding, and for the packing film of molding is carried out hot pressing envelope The closing device 500 of mouth.

Shown in Fig. 2, the coiled strip conveyer device 200 of the present embodiment is arranged on the top of described Vertical Rack, and bag becomes Type device 400 is arranged on the middle part of described Vertical Rack, and closing device 500 is arranged on the bottom of described Vertical Rack, feeding device The inlet 310 of 300 is arranged on the middle and lower part of described Vertical Rack, coiled strip conveyer device 200 export packing film 600 to system Bag shaper 400 carries out guiding molding, then is carried out sealing molding, at the capping processes of closing device 500 by closing device 500 In by feeding device 500, granule materials is imported in packing film 600.

Concrete, the closing device 500 of the present embodiment includes: indulge for packing film carries out traction longitudinal heat-sealing Envelope traction apparatus 510, and for packing film being carried out the horizontal sealing cutoff device 520 that transversely end opening seals and cuts off.As Shown in Fig. 2, longitudinal sealing traction apparatus 510 is arranged on above horizontal sealing cutoff device 520.

The longitudinal sealing traction apparatus 510 of the present embodiment include the first roller 511, for drive described first roller to rotate the One drives machine (not shown), for the first heating member (not shown) of described first roller heating, the second roller 512, for driving the second driving machine (not shown) of described second roller rotation and for described second roller heating The second heating member (not shown), as in figure 2 it is shown, the first roller 511 and the second roller 512 are arranged side by side, and make constant speed Turning round in opposite directions, 600 liang of longitudinal edges of packing film complete longitudinal direction via the gap between the first roller 511 and the second roller 512 Sealing and downward drawing-in motion.

The horizontal sealing cutoff device 520 of the present embodiment include the first roll body 521, for drive described first roll body to rotate the Three drive machine (not shown)s, for described first roll body heating the 3rd heating member the 522, second roll body 523, be used for driving Move the 4 wheel driven motivation (not shown) of described second roll body rotation, for the 4th heating member to the second roll body 523 heating 524 and for cutting off the cutting knife 525 of packing film, the outer peripheral face of the first roll body 521 and the outer peripheral face of the second roll body 523 are the most protruding Being provided with at least one cutting knife 525, the first roll body 521 and the second roll body 523 are arranged side by side, and make constant speed and turn round in opposite directions, interval rolling Pressure seals through the suitable for reading of packing film 600 or end opening, the cutting knife of the first roll body 521 and cutting of the second roll body 523 simultaneously Cutter interval cuts off packing film 600 at sealing mutually.

Exemplary, first roll body 521 of the present embodiment and the cross section of the second roll body 523 are having as shown in Figure 3 The relatively long side of two arc-shaped edges, described in two, arc-shaped edges opposition is arranged, equal apart from the distance of its center of rotation P, and is apart from it One side that center of rotation own is farthest, offers the slot for plugging cutting knife 525 in the centre position of each described arc-shaped edges (not marking in figure), is plugged a cutting knife 525 in each described slot, is fixed by screw, and the knife edge part of cutting knife 525 is protruding Arc-shaped edges (i.e. protrudes roll body outer peripheral face).In the present embodiment, the first roll body 521 is identical with the structure of the second roll body 523, and its Other limits of cross section are straight flange (corresponding all sides are plane), and the opposition straight flange on same roll body is parallel to each other, and often On one straight flange, each point is respectively less than the arc-shaped edges distance to its center of rotation P apart from the distance of its center of rotation P.First roll body 521 Turn round in opposite directions with the second roll body 523, gap width intermittence change between the two, go to the first roll body during state shown in Fig. 3 521 and second cutting knifes 525 on roll body 523 are tangent, and gap is minimum, and before and after tangent first roll body 521 and the second roll body The packing film entered in gap is carried out Heat Sealing by the arc-shaped edges on 523.

Of coursing, in other detailed description of the invention, the cross section of described first roll body and/or described second roll body also may be used Think that other, at least while for the convex polygon of arc-shaped edges of outwardly convex, and make the arc-shaped edges of described convex polygon be positioned at distance The side that itself center of rotation is farthest, and projection is provided with cutting knife described on each described arc-shaped edges.Described first roller Body and described second roll body can also is that identical cylindrical roller, and described first roll body and described second roll body are eccentric cloth Put.The cross section of described first roll body and described second roll body is it can also be provided that ellipse etc., and here is omitted.

As shown in Figure 4, the control system 100 of the present embodiment includes: for detecting the pictorial trademark information on packing film Photoelectric sensor 110, for detecting first temperature sensor 120 of temperature information of longitudinal sealing traction apparatus, be used for detecting horizontal stroke Second temperature sensor 130 of the temperature information of envelope shearing device, and central controller 140.Central controller 140 passes through light Electric transducer the 110, first temperature sensor 120 and the second temperature sensor 130 obtain relevant information, and control respectively to connect institute State the first driving machine, the second driving machine, the 3rd driving machine, 4 wheel driven motivation and feeding device.

Exemplary, central controller 140 can select PLC, the first driving machine, the second driving machine, the 3rd drives Motivation and 4 wheel driven motivation select corresponding motor as required, and heater can use heater strip as required or add heat pipe etc., Bag molding device 400 then can select U-shaped molding device (can also select trunk molding device etc. according to demand), photoelectric sensor, Market outsourcing piece is selected in first temperature sensor and the second temperature sensor as required, and here is omitted.

As it is shown in figure 5, the feeding device 300 of the present embodiment includes feed bin 320, scraper plate 330, charging tray 340, measuring cup 350, connection Motivation structure 360, rotary shaft 370 and inlet 310, feed bin 320 is arranged on above charging tray 340, and scraper plate 330 is placed in charging tray 340, The bottom surface of charging tray 340 offers some outlets, and measuring cup 350 is docked in described outlet, accept by described outlet is dropped Grain material, rotary shaft 370 connects charging tray 340, drives charging tray 340 to rotate relative to scraper plate 330, and scraper plate 330 is by described outlet top The granule materials that face has more scrapes off.Exemplary, can be uniformly arranged four outlets, then corresponding four measuring cups, scraper plate are set Can be integrally fixed on Vertical Rack, it is also possible on scraper plate, individually add a driving motor again so that it is may be implemented in charging tray Middle autorotation, controls the relative rotation speed of itself and charging tray the most flexibly.

Concrete, the link gear 360 of the present embodiment includes first connecting rod 361, Flexible Connector 362, second connecting rod 363 With concavo-convex dish 364, the upper end thereof of first connecting rod 361 is on charging tray 340, and the lower end of first connecting rod 361 is fixedly arranged at second connecting rod On the middle part of 363, Flexible Connector 362 one end is connected to the middle part of first connecting rod 361, and the other end of Flexible Connector 362 draws Stretching and be connected in rotary shaft 370, the upper end of second connecting rod 363 is fixedly arranged on the base plate 351 of measuring cup 350, the base plate of measuring cup 350 351 is separating bottom plate, only supports to arrive on the bottom surface being located at measuring cup 350 by propping up of second connecting rod 363, and concavo-convex dish 364 level is solid Surely being arranged on below second connecting rod 363, the lower end of second connecting rod 363 is supported and is located at the upper surface of concavo-convex dish 364, first connecting rod 361, Flexible Connector 362 and second connecting rod 363 followed by rotary shaft 370 and rotate, and concavo-convex dish 364 maintains static, and concavo-convex The upper surface of dish 364 is formed with a depressed area 365.

Under normal condition, as shown in Fig. 5 left-hand component view, the lower end of second connecting rod 363 is vertically supported and is located at concavo-convex dish 364 Upper surface plane area on, support the height that sets constant, the base plate 351 of measuring cup 350 supports and is located on the bottom surface of measuring cup 350, measuring cup Granule materials in 350 does not falls out.

Under discharging state, as shown in Fig. 5 right-hand component view, the lower end of second connecting rod 363 moves in depressed area 365, Support the height set to decline, drive base plate 351 in outward-dipping under the pulling force effect of first connecting rod 361 and Flexible Connector 362 Shape, is discharged into the granule materials in measuring cup in inlet 310 via base plate 351.

Concrete, the link gear 360 of the present embodiment also includes that one adjusts for adjusting the height of concavo-convex dish 364 rational height Whole device 366, measuring cup 350 is made up of upper bush 352, lower sleeve 353 and base plate 351, as it is shown in figure 5, the lower port of upper bush 352 Outward flange outwardly convex formed lower flange (not shown), the upper port inward flange of lower sleeve 353 is inwardly protruding to be formed Upper flange (not shown), the upper port of upper bush 352 is docked in described outlet, and lower sleeve 353 is set in upper bush 352 Lower port on, described lower flange and described upper flange form gear and set for preventing lower sleeve 353 from deviating from from upper bush 352. Exemplary, height arm control 366 therein can select handwheel governor motion as shown in Figure 5.

As shown in Figure 6, the coiled strip conveyer device 200 of the present embodiment includes wound membrane roller 210, tolerant roller 220 and tolerant system Dynamic device 230, packing film 600 rolls on wound membrane roller 210, and exports to bag molding device 400 via tolerant roller 220 On, what tolerant roller 220 can fluctuate or swing is arranged in three-dimensional frame;Tolerant brake unit 230 includes V-arrangement link 231 and regulation spring 232, V-arrangement link 231 have one for first hinged end 233 hinged with tolerant roller 220 rotary shaft, One sets end for the second hinged end 234 being articulated with in described three-dimensional frame and for supporting supporting of being located on described wound membrane roller 235, V-arrangement link 231 is in wound membrane roller 210 and the top of tolerant roller 220, and the second hinged end 234 is articulated with described solid In frame, the first hinged end 233 is articulated with in the rotary shaft of tolerant roller 220, and as shown in Figure 6, one end of regulation spring 232 is fixed In described three-dimensional frame, the other end of regulation spring 232 is fixed on V-arrangement link 231, makes supporting of V-arrangement link 231 set End 235 supports and is located on wound membrane roller 210.So, V-arrangement link 231 can be driven wound membrane by the action of tolerant roller 220 The rotational resistance of roller 210 does the most corresponding adjustment, makes the packing film of output obtain suitable elasticity.

Of course, in other detailed description of the invention, if the coiled strip conveyer device of the present invention is also possible to add as required Dry other deflector rolls.

Exemplary, the granule material package machine of the present embodiment is applied in the packaging of confectionary pellets, its technological process As shown in Figure 8, by the granule material package machine of the present embodiment confectionary pellets constant volume packaging can be formed as shown in Figure 7 vertical Envelope overlap joint bag product, its concrete packaging process is as follows:

1, will be added in feeding device 300 by feed bin by granule accordingly, corresponding packing film coiled strip will be assembled to On coiled strip conveyer device 200, and other relevant connections of machine are arranged.

2, starting longitudinal sealing traction apparatus 510, under the draw of longitudinal sealing traction apparatus 510, coiled strip conveyer device 200 is defeated Go out packing film to bag molding device 400 molding one by one, and enter longitudinal sealing traction apparatus 510 and carry out longitudinal heat-sealing.

3, starting feeding device 300, rotary shaft 370 drives charging tray 340 to rotate, and the confectionary pellets in feed bin 320 constantly enters In feeding disk 340, and when filling up each measuring cup 350, measuring cup 350 end face is struck off by scraper plate 330, clears away unnecessary confection, it is achieved Precise volume setting measures;As shown in Figure 6, in the lower end of second connecting rod 363 moves to depressed area 365, the base plate 351 of measuring cup 350 Ramp-like in leaning outward, the granule materials in measuring cup 350 is discharged in inlet 310 via base plate 351, as in figure 2 it is shown, by feed The confectionary pellets of set amount is imported in the packing films 600 longitudinally sealed by mouth 310.

4, starting horizontal sealing cutoff device 520, the first roll body 521 and the second roll body 523 constant speed are turned round, between roller between spacing in opposite directions Having a rest change, between roller, spacing is close to time minimum, seals the end opening of packing film 600, and then between roller, spacing becomes big, rotate around Crossing a section equipped with confectionary pellets in described packing film, during to the place suitable for reading of described packing film, between roller, spacing reverts to Little, while sealing described packing film suitable for reading successively, embedded cutting knife 525 therefrom cuts off, and is formed such as Fig. 7 Shown independent package bag product.

Of coursing, the granule material package machine of the present embodiment can also be applied in the packaging of other granule materials, such as tea Leaf, dissolved granule, powder, corn etc..

With above-mentioned be only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for those skilled in the art For, under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention, it is also possible to make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also should regard For protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a granule material package machine, including:
Vertical Rack,
For exporting the coiled strip conveyer device of packing film,
For exporting the feeding device of granule materials,
For packing film being guided the bag molding device of molding, and
For the packing film of molding being carried out the closing device of hot-press sealed;
Described coiled strip conveyer device is arranged on the top of described Vertical Rack, and described bag molding device is arranged on described Vertical Rack Middle part, described closing device is arranged on the bottom of Vertical Rack, and the inlet of described feeding device is arranged on described vertical machine The middle and lower part of frame, by described coiled strip conveyer device output packing film to described bag molding device carries out guiding molding, then by Described closing device carries out sealing molding, by feeding device, granule materials is imported bag in the capping processes of described closing device In dress thin film;
Described closing device includes: for packing film carries out traction the longitudinal sealing traction apparatus of longitudinally heat-sealing, and be used for Packing film is carried out the horizontal sealing cutoff device that transversely end opening seals and cuts off;
Described longitudinal sealing traction apparatus is arranged on above described horizontal sealing cutoff device;
Described longitudinal sealing traction apparatus include the first roller, for drive described first roller rotate the first driving machine, for Described first roller heating the first heating member, the second roller, for drive described second roller rotate the second driving machine and For the second heating member to described second roller heating, described first roller and described second roller are arranged side by side, and work etc. Speed is turned round in opposite directions, and described packing film two longitudinal edge completes longitudinal direction via the gap between described first roller and the second roller Sealing and downward drawing-in motion;
Described horizontal sealing cutoff device include the first roll body, for drive described first roll body rotate the 3rd driving machine, for 3rd heating member of described first roll body heating, the second roll body, the 4 wheel driven motivation for driving described second roll body to rotate, use In the 4th heating member to described second roll body heating with for cutting off the cutting knife of packing film, the outer peripheral face of described first roll body It is provided with cutting knife described at least, described first roll body and described second roll body also with outer peripheral face all projections of described second roll body Row is arranged, and makees constant speed and turn round in opposite directions, and interval rolling seals through the suitable for reading of described packing film or end opening, the most described The cutting knife of the first roll body cuts off packing film with the cutting knife interval of described second roll body at sealing mutually;It is characterized in that,
Described feeding device includes feed bin, scraper plate, charging tray, measuring cup, link gear, rotary shaft and inlet, and described feed bin is arranged Above described charging tray, described scraper plate is placed in described charging tray, and the bottom surface of described charging tray offers some outlets, described measuring cup pair Being connected in described outlet, accept by the granule materials dropped in described outlet, described rotary shaft connects described charging tray, drives described Charging tray rotates relative to described scraper plate, and the granule materials that described outlet end face has more is scraped off by described scraper plate;
Described link gear includes first connecting rod, Flexible Connector, second connecting rod and concavo-convex dish, the upper end hinge of described first connecting rod Being connected on described charging tray, the lower end of described first connecting rod is fixedly arranged on the middle part of described second connecting rod, described Flexible Connector one End is connected to the middle part of described first connecting rod, and the other end stretching of described Flexible Connector is connected in described rotary shaft, described The upper end of second connecting rod is fixedly arranged on the base plate of described measuring cup, and the base plate of described measuring cup is separating bottom plate, only by described the Propping up of two connecting rods supports to arrive on the bottom surface being located at described measuring cup, and described concavo-convex dish level is fixedly installed on below described second connecting rod, The upper surface being located at described concavo-convex dish, described first connecting rod, Flexible Connector and second connecting rod are supported in the lower end of described second connecting rod Followed by described rotary shaft to rotate, described concavo-convex dish maintains static, and it is recessed to be formed with one in the upper surface of described concavo-convex dish Fall into district;
Under normal condition, the lower end of described second connecting rod is vertically supported on the plane area of the upper surface being located at described concavo-convex dish, supports and sets Height constant, the base plate of described measuring cup support be located on the bottom surface of described measuring cup, the granule materials in described measuring cup does not falls out;
Under discharging state, the lower end of described second connecting rod moves in described depressed area, supports the height set and declines, described first Drive described base plate ramp-like in leaning outward under the pulling force effect of connecting rod and described Flexible Connector, by the granule materials warp in measuring cup It is discharged in described inlet by base plate;
Described coiled strip conveyer device includes wound membrane roller, tolerant roller and tolerant brake unit, and described packing film rolls in described On wound membrane roller, and via in described tolerant roller output to described bag molding device, described tolerant roller can fluctuate or swing Be arranged in three-dimensional frame;Described tolerant brake unit includes V-arrangement link and regulation spring, and described V-arrangement link has One for first hinged end hinged with described tolerant roller rotary shaft, one second hinged for be articulated with in described three-dimensional frame End and one for support be located on described wound membrane roller support set end, described V-arrangement link is in described wound membrane roller and tolerant roller Top, described second hinged end is articulated with in described three-dimensional frame, and described first hinged end is articulated with turning of described tolerant roller On moving axis, one end of described regulation spring is fixed in described three-dimensional frame, and the other end of described regulation spring is fixed on described V On shape link, supporting of described V-arrangement link is made to set end to being located on described wound membrane roller.
2. granule material package machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described first roll body and described second roll body Cross section is at least while being the convex polygon of the arc-shaped edges of outwardly convex, and the arc-shaped edges of described convex polygon is positioned at apart from it The side that center of rotation own is farthest, and projection is provided with cutting knife described on each described arc-shaped edges.
3. granule material package machine as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that: described first roll body and/or described second roller The cross section of body is the relatively long side with two arc-shaped edges, described in two arc-shaped edges opposition arrange, and apart from its center of rotation away from From equal.
4. granule material package machine as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that: described first roll body and/or described second roller The centre position of the arc-shaped edges of body offers the slot for plugging described cutting knife.
5. granule material package machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described first roll body and described second roll body are Identical cylindrical roller, and described first roll body and described second roll body be arranged off-centre.
6. granule material package machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described first roll body and described second roll body Cross section is oval.
7. granule material package machine as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described link gear also includes one for adjusting The height arm control of described concavo-convex dish rational height, described measuring cup is made up of upper bush, lower sleeve and base plate, described upper bush The outward flange outwardly convex of lower port forms lower flange, and the upper port inward flange of described lower sleeve is inwardly protruding is formed with epirelief Edge, the upper port of described upper bush is docked in described outlet, and described lower sleeve is set in the lower port of described upper bush, institute State lower flange and described upper flange forms gear and sets for preventing described lower sleeve from deviating from from described upper bush.
8. the granule material package machine as described in any one of claim 1 to 7, it is characterised in that: described granule material package machine Also include that control system, described control system include: for detecting the photoelectric sensor of the pictorial trademark information on packing film, For detecting the first temperature sensor of the temperature information of longitudinal sealing traction apparatus, for detecting the temperature information of horizontal sealing cutoff device The second temperature sensor, and central controller;
Described central controller obtains relevant letter by described photoelectric sensor, the first temperature sensor and the second temperature sensor Cease, and control respectively to connect described first driving machine, the second driving machine, the 3rd driving machine, 4 wheel driven motivation and feeding device.
CN201510127275.6A 2015-03-23 2015-03-23 Granule material package machine CN104760717B (en)

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CN106043770A (en) * 2016-07-27 2016-10-26 安陆市鑫鑫机械设备有限公司 Integrated machine for packaging and cutting heating bag
CN107554832A (en) * 2017-08-04 2018-01-09 安徽省新旭堂茶业有限公司 A kind of novel tea packaging facilities
CN107878840B (en) * 2017-11-08 2020-04-14 威海华有宝精密模具有限公司 Hardware fitting packaging method based on hardware fitting packaging equipment
CN107877894A (en) * 2017-12-07 2018-04-06 福建双环能源科技股份有限公司 A kind of saving bar generating means
CN108032975A (en) * 2017-12-07 2018-05-15 福建双环能源科技股份有限公司 A kind of saving bar generation method
CN108995298A (en) * 2018-07-11 2018-12-14 桐城市万方纸塑包装有限公司 A kind of manufacturing method of environment-friendly type paper and plastics compound bag
CN109132160A (en) * 2018-07-11 2019-01-04 桐城市万方纸塑包装有限公司 A kind of manufacturing method of the transparent punching paper and plastics compound bag of abnormal shape

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US3522689A (en) * 1967-08-21 1970-08-04 Econ O Line Mfg Co Seal forming machine for forming successive transverse-spaced seals between the plies of a plural-ply strip in a packaging or other apparatus
US4949846A (en) * 1989-07-31 1990-08-21 Lakey Lawrence D Package end sealing and cutting method and apparatus
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CN204548559U (en) * 2015-03-23 2015-08-12 湖南工业大学 Granule material package machine

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Address before: 412007 Zhuzhou Research Institute, Hunan University of Technology, Taishan West Road, Tianyuan District, Hunan

Patentee before: HUNAN University OF TECHNOLOGY