CN104722058A - Athlete competitive state analysis method and system - Google Patents

Athlete competitive state analysis method and system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104722058A
CN104722058A CN201510159195.9A CN201510159195A CN104722058A CN 104722058 A CN104722058 A CN 104722058A CN 201510159195 A CN201510159195 A CN 201510159195A CN 104722058 A CN104722058 A CN 104722058A
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player
ball
acceleration
time
direction
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CN201510159195.9A
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黄振甘
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深圳市微队信息技术有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses an athlete competitive state analysis method and system. The method includes the steps that in a match or in the training process, first motion data of an athlete and second motion data of a ball are acquired; statistical operation is conducted according to the first motion data and the second motion data, and statistical data are generated; the competitive state of the athlete is analyzed according to the statistical data. By the adoption of the mode, the competitive state of the athlete can be detected by the athlete competitive state analysis method and system.

Description

一种运动员竞技状态分析方法及系统 Competitive state of the athletes and systems analysis

技术领域 FIELD

[0001 ] 本发明涉及一种运动员竞技状态分析方法及系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to a method and athletic status analysis system for athletes.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 足球运动和篮球运动已经发展成为全世界的第一、第二运动项目,并在全世界得到广泛推广,足球运动和篮球运动由于其竞技性质比较强,并且需要团体成员相互合作、相互配合才能取胜,因此,各个团体成员的竞技状态也显得非常重要。 [0002] football and basketball has become the first, second sport around the world, and has been widely promoted in the world, football and basketball because of their competitive nature is stronger and requires members of the group of mutual cooperation, cooperate in order to win, therefore, the competitive status of each member of the group is also very important.

[0003] 而现有技术中,对于各个团体成员的竞技状态是由教练组根据运动员在比赛或者训练的表现判断,其主观性非常强,并且不够科学。 [0003] The prior art, for competitive state members of the various groups is based on the performance of athletes in training or competition judged by the coaching staff, which is very strong subjective and not scientific.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明主要解决的技术问题是提供一种运动员竞技状态分析方法及系统,能够检测运动员的竞技状态。 [0004] The present invention solves the technical problem of providing a competitive athlete state analysis method and system, capable of detecting the state of competitive athletes.

[0005] 为解决上述技术问题,本发明采用的一个技术方案是:提供一种运动员竞技状态分析方法,包括在比赛或者训练时,获取运动员的第一运动数据,以及球体的第二运动数据;根据所述第一运动数据和第二运动数据,进行统计生成统计数据;根据所述统计数据分析所述运动员的竞技状态。 [0005] To solve the above problems, an aspect of the present invention is that: provide a competitive athlete state analysis method, comprising in the game or the training and the first motion data of the athlete, and a second moving spheres transactions; the motion of the first data and the second motion data, statistical generate statistics; state data according to the statistical analysis of the competitive athletes.

[0006] 其中,所述第一运动数据包括球员位置和加速值;所述获取运动员的第一运动数据的步骤包括:通过设置于所述运动员身上的第一定位装置定位运动员在比赛或者训练时所经过的球员位置,以及所述运动员经过所述球员位置对应的时间点;所述统计生成统计数据的步骤包括:根据所述加速值和加速值对应的时间点,计算所述运动的跑动距离,以及根据所述球员位置,统计所述运动员跑动的范围;所述根据所述统计数据分析所述运动员的竞技状态的步骤包括:获取根据所述运动员对应的阵容球员位置预先划分的跑动范围; 获取所述运动员经过所述球员位置位于所述跑动范围之外的数量;判断所述数量是否大于第一阈值,以及所述跑动距离是否大于第二阈值;当所述数量大于第一阈值,以及所述跑动距离大于第二阈值,则判断到所述运动员的竞 [0006] wherein the first motion data including the position and acceleration values ​​of the player; athletes step of acquiring first motion data comprises: on the body disposed through the first positioning means for positioning players in the game or athletes training after the position of the player, and the player passes the time point corresponding to the position of the player; statistics generation step of statistical data comprises: according to the acceleration value and a time point corresponding to the acceleration values, calculating the movement of the running distance, and based on the position of the player, the player statistics running range; the step according to the statistical analysis of the data of the player's competitive state comprises: obtaining, according to the player corresponding to the player a predetermined position dividing line running movable range; obtaining the position of the player through the player number located outside of the movement range; determining whether the number is greater than a first threshold value, and whether the movement distance is larger than a second threshold value; when the number is greater than a first threshold value, and the running distance is greater than a second threshold value, it is determined that the athlete to race 状态佳;当所述数量小于或者等于第一阈值,以及所述跑动距离小于或者等于第二阈值,则判断到所述运动员的竞技状态一般。 Good state; if said number is less than or equal to a first threshold value, and the movement distance is less than or equal to the second threshold value, the state is determined to competitive athletes in general.

[0007] 其中,所述根据所述加速值和加速值对应的时间点,计算所述运动的跑动距离的步骤包括:将所有所述加速度值连接形成曲线,获取所述曲线的峰值点的数量;将所述峰值点的数量减去一之差,再乘以预步伐长度距之间积作为所述跑动距离。 [0007] wherein the value based on the acceleration and speed values ​​corresponding to the time point, the step of calculating the movement distance of movement comprises: connecting all of said acceleration value curve is formed, obtaining the peak point of the curve number; the number of said peak point minus a difference, multiplied by a pre-product of step length from the running distance.

[0008] 其中,所述球体内还设置有电子标签;所述第一运动数据还包括运动姿势、球员加速方向和触球点;所述获取运动员的第一运动数据的步骤包括:通过所述第一加速传感器感应所述运动员的运动姿势,并记录所述运动姿势对应的时间点;通过设置于运动员身上的第一陀螺仪感应所述运动员的球员加速方向,并记录所述球员加速方向对应的时间点; 在设置于所述运动员身上的射频读写器感应到电子标签,以及所述第一加速度传感器感应到震动脉冲时,记录触球点,以及所述触球点对应的时间;所述统计生成统计数据的步骤包括:根据所述球员位置,生成球员运动轨迹;根据所述运动姿势、所述运动姿势对应的时间点、球员加速方向、所述球员加速方向对应的时间点、触球点以及触球点对应的时间、运动员经过的球员位置以及所述球员位置对应 [0008] wherein said ball is further provided with an electronic tag body; said data further comprises a first motion exercise posture, the players and the ball point acceleration direction; the first motion athlete data acquiring step comprising: the a first acceleration sensor for sensing motion of the player's posture, and time of the recording dots corresponding to the gesture motion; player provided by athletes in a first gyro sensors of the player's direction of acceleration, acceleration and direction corresponding to record the player time points; when disposed on the body of the athlete RFID reader tag is sensed, and the first acceleration sensor senses shock pulses of recording impact point, the impact point and the corresponding time; the said step of generating statistics statistical data comprises: according to the position of the player, the player generates a trajectory; according to the exercise posture, the posture of the moving point of time corresponding to the acceleration direction of the players, the players corresponding to the direction of acceleration time point, touch ball point and impact point corresponding to the time elapsed athlete player position and the position corresponding to the player 间点,在所述球员运动轨迹上标识所述运动姿势、球员加速方向和触球点,根据所述触球点和触球点对应的时间,统计所述运动员的控球次数以及控球时间;根据所述统计数据分析所述运动员的竞技状态的步骤包括:根据所述球员运动轨迹、球员运动轨迹上标记的内容、控球次数以及控球时间,分析所述运动员的竞技状态。 Between points on the identity of the player exercise posture trajectory, the player and the direction of acceleration impact point, according to the ball and the ball point corresponding to the point of time, the number of the player's statistical and ball possession time ; according to the statistical data analysis step of the player's competitive state includes: the trajectory of the player, the player marks the contents of the trajectory, and ball possession time the number, the state of competitive athletes.

[0009] 其中,所述第二运动数据包括球体加速方向、球体位置以及球体转动方向;所述获取球体的第二运动数据的步骤包括:通过设置于所述球体上的第二定位装置定位在比赛或者训练时所经过的球体位置,并记录所述每一球体位置对应的时间点;通过设置于所述球体上的第二陀螺仪、第二加速传感器以及第二磁感应器感应所述球体加速方向和球体转动方向,并记录每一球体加速方向对应的时间点,以及每一球体转动方向对应的时间点;所述统计生成统计数据的步骤包括:根据所述球体位置,生成球体运动轨迹;根据所述球体位置、球体位置对应的时间点、球体加速方向、球体加速方向对应的时间点、球体转动方向以及球体转动方向对应的时间点,在所述球体运动轨迹标记球体加速方向和球体转动方向; 根据所述统计数据分析所述运动员的竞技状 [0009] wherein said second motion direction acceleration data comprises a ball, the ball position and the direction of rotation of the ball; the second step of the movement of the ball obtaining data comprising: setting the second positioning means on said ball is positioned training or race through which sphere positions, and recording the time point corresponding to a position of each sphere; provided by said second gyroscope on the sphere, the second acceleration sensor and a second magnetic sensor senses the acceleration spheres direction and a rotational direction spheres, each sphere record the acceleration and the time point corresponding to the direction of rotation of the sphere and each of the time points corresponding to the direction; said statistical statistics generating step comprising: the position of said ball, the ball trajectory generation; the position of the sphere, the sphere position corresponding to a point in time, the direction of acceleration sphere, sphere acceleration direction corresponding time point, the time point of rotation the ball and the ball direction corresponding to the direction of rotation, marking the ball in the ball trajectory, and ball rotation direction acceleration direction; form data according to the statistical analysis of the competitive athletes 的步骤包括:根据所述球员运动轨迹、球员运动轨迹上标记的内容、控球次数、控球时间、球体运动轨迹以及球体运动轨迹上标记的内容分析所述运动员的竞技状态。 Comprising the step of: in accordance with the players trajectory, the trajectory marked on the content player, the number of the ball, the ball of time, the ball trajectory marked on the ball trajectory, and content analysis of the state of competitive athletes.

[0010] 为解决上述技术问题,本发明采用的另一个技术方案是:提供一种运动员竞技状态分析系统,包括第一采集模块、第一通信模块、第二采集模块、第二通信模块、第三通信模块和处理器;所述第一采集模块和第一通信模块均设置于运动员身上,所述第一采集模块在比赛或者训练时,采集运动员的第一运动数据,并通过所述第一通信模块和第三通信模块将所述第一运动数据传送至处理器;所述第二采集模块和第二通信模块均设置于球体上,所述第二采集模块用于采集球体的第二运动数据,并通过所述第二通信模块和第三通信模块将所述第二运动数据传送至处理器;所述处理器用于根据所述第一运动数据和第二运动数据,进行统计生成统计数据,并根据所述统计数据分析所述运动员的竞技状态。 [0010] In order to solve the above problems, another aspect of the present invention is that: Athletes state analysis to provide a system comprising a first acquisition module, a first communication module, a second acquisition module, a second communication module, the first three communications module and a processor; the first communication module and a first acquisition module are disposed in athletes, the first module in the train, or the race, the first motion athlete data acquisition, and through the first communication module and the third communication module to the first motion data to the processor; and the second acquisition module and second communication modules are provided on a sphere, said second collecting means for collecting a second moving spheres data and the second motion data to the processor through the second communication module and the third communication module; a processor according to the first motion data and the second motion data, generate statistics statistical and data analysis of the competitive state of the players, according to the statistics.

[0011] 其中,所述第一运动数据包括球员位置和加速值;所述第一采集模块包括第一定位装置和第一加速传感器;所述第一定位装置用于定位运动员在比赛或者训练时所经过的球员位置,以及所述运动员经过所述球员位置对应的时间点;所述第一加速传感器记用于记录运动员的加速值,以及所述加速值对应的时间点;所述处理器具体用于根据所述加速值和加速值对应的时间点,计算所述运动的跑动距离,以及根据所述球员位置,统计所述运动员跑动的范围,获取根据所述运动员对应的阵容球员位置预先划分的跑动范围,获取所述运动员经过所述球员位置位于所述跑动范围之外的数量,判断所述数量是否大于第一阈值,以及所述跑动距离是否大于第二阈值,当所述数量大于第一阈值,以及所述跑动距离大于第二阈值,则判断到所述运动员的竞技状态佳 Said first positioning means for positioning players in the competition or training; [0011] wherein the first motion data comprises acceleration values ​​and player positions; said first positioning means includes a first acquisition module and a first acceleration sensor after the position of the player, and the player passes through the point corresponding to the time the player positions; said first acceleration sensor for acceleration value of the recording referred to athletes, as well as a time point corresponding to the value of the acceleration; and the processor is specifically the value for the acceleration and speed values ​​corresponding time points to calculate the movement distance of the movement, and according to the position of the player, the player statistics running range, according to the player acquires player position corresponding to line pre-divided running ranges, the player through the player acquires a position outside the movement range of the number is located, determines whether the number is greater than a first threshold value, and whether the movement distance is larger than a second threshold value, when the number is greater than a first threshold value, and the running distance is greater than a second threshold value, the state is determined to competitive athletes good ,当所述数量小于或者等于第一阈值,以及所述跑动距离小于或者等于第二阈值,则判断到所述运动员的竞技状态一般。 When the amount is less than or equal to a first threshold value, and the movement distance is less than or equal to the second threshold value, the state is determined to competitive athletes in general.

[0012] 其中,所述处理器所述根据所述加速值和加速值对应的时间点,计算所述运动的跑动距包括:将所有所述加速度值连接形成曲线,获取所述曲线的峰值点的数量,将所述峰值点的数量减去一之差,再乘以预设步距之间积作为所述跑动距离。 [0012] wherein the processor, based on the acceleration value and the time point corresponding to the acceleration values, calculating a running distance of movement comprises: connecting all of said acceleration value curve is formed, obtaining the peak of the curve number of points, the number of said peak point minus a difference, multiplied by the preset step, as the product of the distance between the running distance.

[0013] 其中,所述系统还包括电子标签;所述电子标签设置于所述球体内;所述第一采集模块还包括第一陀螺仪和射频读写器;所述第一陀螺仪感应用于感应所述运动员的球员加速方向,并记录所述球员加速方向对应的时间点;所述射频读写器用于感应电子标签; 所述第一加速度传感器用于感应震动脉冲,并且所述射频读写器感应到电子标签之后,所述第一加速度传感器感应到震动脉冲时,记录触球点,以及所述触球点对应的时间;所述处理器用于根据所述球员位置,生成球员运动轨迹,根据所述运动姿势、所述运动姿势对应的时间点、球员加速方向、所述球员加速方向对应的时间点、触球点以及触球点对应的时间、 运动员经过的球员位置以及所述球员位置对应时间点,在所述球员运动轨迹上标识所述运动姿势、球员加速方向和触球点,根据所述 [0013] wherein said system further comprises an electronic label; the electronic tag disposed within the sphere; the first acquisition module further comprises a first gyroscope and the RFID reader; the first application Gyro player to the player's sensing direction of acceleration, and the acceleration record player the direction corresponding to the time point; for sensing the radio frequency tag reader; said first acceleration sensor for sensing a shock pulse, and the RF reading after writing to inductively when the electronic tag, the first acceleration sensor senses shock pulses of recording impact point, the impact point and the corresponding time; the processor is configured according to the position of the player, the player generates a trajectory the posture of the motion, the motion gesture corresponding to a point in time, the player direction of acceleration, a time point corresponding to the accelerating direction players, ball and ball point corresponding to the point of time, the player passes the player and the player position the position of the corresponding point of time, on the identity of the player exercise posture trajectory, the player and the direction of acceleration impact point, according to the 球点和触球点对应的时间,统计所述运动员的控球次数以及控球时间,以及根据所述球员运动轨迹、球员运动轨迹上标记的内容、控球次数以及控球时间,分析所述运动员的竞技状态。 Ball and ball point corresponding to the point of time, the number of the player's statistical and ball possession time, and in accordance with the players trajectory, the trajectory marked on the content player, and the number of ball possession time, analyzing the competitive state athletes.

[0014] 其中,所述第二运动数据包括球体加速方向、球体位置以及球体转动方向;所述第二采集装包括第二定位装置、第二陀螺仪、第二加速传感器以及第二磁感应器;所述第二定位装置用于定位在比赛或者训练时所经过的球体位置,并记录所述每一球体位置对应的时间点;所述第二陀螺仪、第二加速传感器以及第二磁感应器用于感应所述球体加速方向和球体转动方向,并记录每一球体加速方向对应的时间点,以及每一球体转动方向对应的时间点;所述处理器用于根据所述球体位置,生成球体运动轨迹;根据所述球体位置、球体位置对应的时间点、球体加速方向、球体加速方向对应的时间点、球体转动方向以及球体转动方向对应的时间点,在所述球体运动轨迹标记球体加速方向和球体转动方向;根据所述球员运动轨迹、球员运动轨迹上标记的内容、 [0014] wherein said second motion direction acceleration data comprises a ball, the ball position and the direction of rotation of the ball; the second acquisition means includes a second positioning means, a second gyroscope, the second acceleration sensor and a second magnetic sensor; positioning means for positioning the second game when a ball passes or train position, and the recording time point corresponding to each position of the ball; the second gyroscope, the second acceleration sensor and a second magnetic induction for acceleration sensing direction said ball and the ball rotating direction, and the recording time point of each sphere direction corresponding to the acceleration, and rotation of each sphere point corresponding to a time direction; the processor is configured according to the position of the ball, the ball trajectory generation; the position of the sphere, the sphere position corresponding to a point in time, the direction of acceleration sphere, sphere acceleration direction corresponding time point, the time point of rotation the ball and the ball direction corresponding to the direction of rotation, marking the ball in the ball trajectory, and ball rotation direction acceleration direction; player according to the trajectory, the trajectory marked on the content player, 控球次数、控球时间、球体运动轨迹以及球体运动轨迹上标记的内容分析所述运动员的竞技状态。 Ball number, time on the ball, the ball trajectory and marked on the ball trajectory content analysis of the state of competitive athletes.

[0015] 本发明的有益效果是:区别于现有技术的情况,本发明在比赛或者训练中,获取运动员的第一运动数据和球体的第二运动数据,通过统计分析第一运动数据和第二运动数据,分析出所述运动员的竞技状态,以方便教练根据运动员的竞技状态进行调度;另外,也方便运动员根据第一运动数据和第二运动数据,调整自身的状态。 [0015] Advantageous effects of the present invention is that: the case is different from the prior art, the present invention is in training or competition, the player acquires a second movement of the first motion data and data spheres, through statistical analysis of data and a first motion two motion data, the analysis of the player's competitive state, performs scheduling according to facilitate coaching of an athlete; in addition, according to a first motion athletes also facilitate data and the second motion data, adjust their state.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0016] 图1是本发明运动员竞技状态分析方法实施方式的流程图; [0016] FIG. 1 is a flowchart illustrating the present invention Athletes state analysis method of the embodiment;

[0017] 图2是本发明运动员竞技状态分析方法实施方式中判断运动员竞技状态的流程图; [0017] FIG 2 is a flowchart of Athletes state analysis method of the present invention described embodiments Athletes state is determined;

[0018] 图3是本发明运动员竞技状态分析系统实施方式的结构示意图; [0018] FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of the present invention is competitive athletes state analysis system;

[0019] 图4是本发明运动员竞技状态分析系统实施方式的各个部件的结构示意图; [0019] FIG. 4 is a structural diagram of various components of the embodiment of the present invention is competitive athletes state analysis system;

[0020] 图5是本发明电子标签和射频读写模块的结构示意图; [0020] FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of an electronic tag and RF reader module of the present invention;

[0021] 图6是本发明运动员竞技状态分析系统应用场景示意图; [0021] FIG. 6 is a diagram illustrating a state analyzing system Athletes application scenario of the present invention;

[0022] 图7是本发明运动员竞技状态分析系统应用场景中球员和球体的运动示意图。 [0022] FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the ball and the player's motion state analysis system Athletes application scenario of the present invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0023] 下面结合附图和实施方式对本发明进行详细说明。 [0023] The present invention will be described in detail in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments.

[0024] 请参阅图1,方法包括: [0024] Referring to FIG 1, the method comprising:

[0025] 步骤SlOl :在比赛或者训练时,获取运动员的第一运动数据,以及球体的第二运动数据。 [0025] Step SlOl: in the game or the training and the first motion data of the athlete, and a second movement of the ball data.

[0026] 步骤S102 :根据第一运动数据和第二运动数据,进行统计生成统计数据。 [0026] the step S102: The first motion data and the second motion data, statistical generate statistics.

[0027] 步骤S103 :根据所述统计数据分析所述运动员的竞技状态。 [0027] Step S103: the competitive state of the player's data analysis according to the statistics.

[0028] 运动员在比赛或者训练的过程中,运动员与球体均运动,通过运动员与球体的运动数据,可分析出运动员当前的竞技状态。 [0028] athlete during competition or training, the athlete with the ball all sports, athletes and motion data through the sphere, can be analyzed the current competitive state athletes.

[0029] 运动员在比赛或者训练的过程中,运动员的跑动距离能够反应运动员的当前竞技状态,第一运动数据包括球员位置和加速值,则获取运动员的第一运动数据的步骤包括:通过设置于所述运动员身上的第一定位装置定位运动员在比赛或者训练时所经过的球员位置,以及所述运动员经过所述球员位置对应的时间点;通过设置于运动员身上的第一加速传感器记录运动员的加速值,以及所述加速值对应的时间点。 [0029] athletes during training or competition, the movement distance of the current competitive athletes athlete's state capable of reacting, first motion data including the position and acceleration values ​​of the player, the player acquires the first motion data comprises the step of: setting by first positioning means for positioning the body of the player or players in the game player positions the training passes, and passes through the point of time of the player corresponding to the player positions; by acceleration sensor disposed on a first recording athlete athletes the acceleration values, the acceleration and the time point corresponding to the value. 步骤S102又可具体为根据加速值和加速值对应的时间点,计算运动的跑动距离,以及根据球员位置,统计运动员跑动的范围。 But also specifically according to step S102 and the acceleration values ​​of the acceleration value corresponding to a point in time, calculating a movement distance of movement, and in accordance with the position of the players, player statistics running range. 运动员在跑步的过程中,运动员在垂直方向的加速度正弦曲线变化,两个相邻加速度的峰值点代表运动员跑了一步,而运动员跑步的步伐长度通过是固定的,因此,可以通过运动员跑动步数与步伐长度计算跑动的距离,则步骤S102又可具体为:将所有所述加速度值连接形成曲线,获取所述曲线的峰值点的数量;将所述峰值点的数量减去一之差,再乘以预步伐长度距之间积作为所述跑动距离。 Athlete during running, the player sinusoidal acceleration curve in the vertical direction, the two adjacent acceleration peaks Runners point represents a step, and the athlete is running through a fixed step length, and therefore, by running athletes step number and running distance computing step length, step S102 in turn is specifically: connecting all of said acceleration value curve is formed, obtaining the number of peak points of the curve; the number of said peak point minus a difference , multiplied by a pre-product of a distance between the step length of the running distance. 请参阅图2,步骤S103包括: Please refer to FIG. 2, step S103 comprises:

[0030] 步骤S1031 :获取根据所述运动员对应的阵容球员位置预先划分的跑动范围; [0030] Step S1031: The obtaining of the player team athlete predetermined position corresponding to the divided running range;

[0031] 运动员在团体比赛中通过固定一个阵容位置,例如:在足球比赛中,阵容位置可以前锋、后卫等等,不同阵容位置其职责不同,因此,其跑到范围相对集中。 [0031] athletes in the team competition by fixing a lineup position, for example: in soccer, team positions can be forward, back, etc., different lineup different positions of their duties, and therefore, it went relatively concentrated.

[0032] 步骤S1032 :获取所述运动员经过球员位置位于跑动范围之外的数量; [0032] Step S1032: acquiring the number of players after the player position is located outside the movement range;

[0033] 运动员不单跑动距离长,而且经常参与职责以外的工作时,说明运动员的竞技状态比较好。 When [0033] is not only athletes, long distance running, and often work outside the duties involved, indicating the competitive state of the players better.

[0034] 步骤S1033 :判断数量是否大于第一阈值,以及所述跑动距离是否大于第二阈值, 当大于第一阈值和第二阈值,进入步骤S1034,否则进入步骤S1035 ; [0034] Step S1033: determining whether the number is greater than a first threshold value, and whether the movement distance is larger than a second threshold value, when the value is greater than a first threshold and a second threshold value, the process proceeds to step S1034, otherwise proceeds to step S1035;

[0035] 步骤S1034 :判断到运动员的竞技状态佳; [0035] Step S1034: the determination of an athlete is good;

[0036] 步骤S1035 :判断到运动员的竞技状态一般。 [0036] Step S1035: the determination of an athlete in general.

[0037] 进一步的,第一运动数据还包括运动姿势、球员加速方向和触球点。 [0037] Further, the motion data further comprises a first exercise posture, the direction of acceleration and impact point player.

[0038] 球体内还设置有电子标签,运动员上还设置有射频读写器,当运动员靠近球体时, 射频读写器感应到电子标签。 [0038] The sphere is also provided with an electronic tag, provided with a radio frequency reader on the player, when the player is close to a sphere, the RF tag reader to the electronic sensor. 当然运动员踢球时,会产生震动,第一加速度传感器检测到震动脉冲,因此,可以通过射频读写器和第一加速度传感器检测触球点。 Of course, when the ball was kicked, it may vibrate, a first acceleration sensor detects a shock pulse, therefore, by a radio frequency reader and a first acceleration sensor detecting impact point.

[0039] 获取运动员的第一运动数据的步骤又包括通过所述第一加速传感器感应所述运动员的运动姿势,并记录所述运动姿势对应的时间点;通过设置于运动员身上的第一陀螺仪感应所述运动员的球员加速方向,并记录所述球员加速方向对应的时间点;在设置于所述运动员身上的射频读写器感应到电子标签,以及所述第一加速度传感器感应到震动脉冲时,记录触球点,以及所述触球点对应的时间。 [0039] Players acquire first motion data comprises the step of turn by the first acceleration sensor senses the movement of the player's posture, and time of the recording dots corresponding to the gesture motion; athletes by providing in a first gyroscope when the player is provided on the body of the RFID reader tag is sensed, and the vibration sensor senses a first acceleration pulse; sensing direction of acceleration of the player's player, the player and the recording time point direction corresponding to the acceleration recording impact point, the impact point and the corresponding time. 步骤S102又可具体为:根据所述球员位置, 生成球员运动轨迹;根据所述运动姿势、所述运动姿势对应的时间点、球员加速方向、所述球员加速方向对应的时间点、触球点以及触球点对应的时间、运动员经过的球员位置以及所述球员位置对应时间点,在所述球员运动轨迹上标识所述运动姿势、球员加速方向和触球点,根据所述触球点和触球点对应的时间,统计所述运动员的控球次数以及控球时间。 But also specifically to step S102: The position of the player, the player generates a trajectory; according to the exercise posture, the exercise posture corresponding to a time point, the direction of acceleration player, the player direction corresponding to the acceleration time point, ball point and the impact point corresponding to the time elapsed athlete player position and the position of the player corresponding point of time, on the identity of the player exercise posture trajectory, the player and the direction of acceleration impact point, according to the impact point and impact point of time corresponding to the number of the player's statistical and ball possession time. 步骤S103又可具体为:根据所述球员运动轨迹、球员运动轨迹上标记的内容、控球次数以及控球时间,分析所述运动员的竞技状态。 Step S103 but also specifically to: The trajectory of the player, the player marks the contents of the trajectory, and ball possession time the number, the state of competitive athletes.

[0040] 所述第二运动数据包括球体加速方向、球体位置以及球体转动方向。 [0040] The second motion direction acceleration data comprises a ball, the ball position and the direction of rotation of the sphere. 获取球体的第二运动数据的步骤包括:通过设置于所述球体上的第二定位装置定位在比赛或者训练时所经过的球体位置,并记录所述每一球体位置对应的时间点;通过设置于所述球体上的第二陀螺仪、第二加速传感器以及第二磁感应器感应所述球体加速方向和球体转动方向,并记录每一球体加速方向对应的时间点,以及每一球体转动方向对应的时间点。 A second step of obtaining spheres motion data comprising: a positioning of said second positioning means on the ball in the game or the position of the ball train elapsed, and records the time point corresponding to a position of each sphere; Setting to the second gyroscope on the sphere, the second acceleration sensor and a second magnetic sensor senses the acceleration direction and the ball sphere rotational direction, and the recording time point of each sphere direction corresponding to the acceleration, rotation corresponding to the direction and each of the ball the point in time. 步骤S102又可具体为:根据所述球体位置,生成球体运动轨迹;根据所述球体位置、球体位置对应的时间点、球体加速方向、球体加速方向对应的时间点、球体转动方向以及球体转动方向对应的时间点,在所述球体运动轨迹标记球体加速方向和球体转动方向。 But also specifically to step S102: The position of the ball, the ball trajectory generation; according to the position of the sphere, the sphere position corresponding to a point in time, the direction of acceleration sphere, sphere acceleration point corresponding to the time direction, and the direction of rotation of the ball sphere rotational direction the corresponding point in time, the marker ball in the direction of the ball and the ball trajectory acceleration rotational direction. 步骤S103又可具体为: 根据所述球员运动轨迹、球员运动轨迹上标记的内容、控球次数、控球时间、球体运动轨迹以及球体运动轨迹上标记的内容分析所述运动员的竞技状态。 Step S103 but also specifically to: The trajectory of the player, the player trajectory marked content, the number of the ball, the ball time, the ball trajectory and marked on the ball trajectory content analysis of the state of competitive athletes.

[0041] 在本发明实施方式中,在比赛或者训练中,获取运动员的第一运动数据和球体的第二运动数据,通过统计分析第一运动数据和第二运动数据,分析出所述运动员的竞技状态,以方便教练根据运动员的竞技状态进行调度;另外,也方便运动员根据第一运动数据和第二运动数据,调整自身的状态。 [0041] In an embodiment of the present invention, in the game or training, obtaining the first motion data and the second motion ball athlete data by statistical analysis of the first motion data and the second motion data, the analysis of the player's competitive state, performs scheduling according to facilitate the coach of an athlete; in addition, according to a first motion athletes also facilitate data and the second motion data, adjust their state.

[0042] 请参阅图3,运动员竞技状态分析系统20包括第一采集模块21、第一通信模块22、 第二采集模块23、第二通信模块24、第三通信模块25和处理器26。 [0042] Referring to FIG 3, Athletes'Athletic state analysis system 20 includes a first acquisition module 21, a first communication module 22, a second acquisition module 23, a second communication module 24, a third communication module 25 and a processor 26.

[0043] 第一采集模块21和第一通信模块22均设置于运动员身上,第一采集模块21在比赛或者训练时,采集运动员的第一运动数据,并通过第一通信模块22和第三通信模块25 将第一运动数据传送至处理器26。 [0043] The first acquisition module 21 and the first communication module 22 are provided in the athletes, the first acquisition module 21 in the game or training athlete data acquisition of the first motion, and through the first communication module 22 and the third communication the module 25 first motion data to the processor 26. 第二采集模块23和第二通信模24块均设置于球体上, 第二采集模块23用于采集球体的第二运动数据,并通过所述第二通信模块24和第三通信模块25将所述第二运动数据传送至处理器26。 The second acquisition module 23 and the second communication module 24 are provided on the ball, a second acquisition module 23 for the second motion data collection sphere, and through the second communication module 24 and the third communication module 25 said second motion data to the processor 26. 处理器26用于根据所述第一运动数据和第二运动数据,进行统计生成统计数据,并根据所述统计数据分析所述运动员的竞技状态。 The processor 26 according to the first motion data and the second motion data, statistical generate statistics, and in accordance with the statistical analysis of the competitive state of the player's data.

[0044] 第一运动数据包括球员位置和加速值。 [0044] The first motion data comprises acceleration values ​​and player positions. 第一采集模块21包括第一定位装置211 和第一加速传感器212。 The first acquisition module 21 comprises a first positioning means 211 and a first acceleration sensor 212. 第一定位装置211用于定位运动员在比赛或者训练时所经过的球员位置,以及所述运动员经过所述球员位置对应的时间点。 The first positioning means 211 for positioning players in the game player or the position of the training passes, and passes through the point of time of the player corresponding to the player positions. 第一加速传感器212记用于记录运动员的加速值,以及所述加速值对应的时间点。 A first acceleration sensor 212 is referred to acceleration values ​​for recording athletes, as well as a time point corresponding to the value of the acceleration. 处理器26具体用于根据所述加速值和加速值对应的时间点,计算所述运动的跑动距离,以及根据所述球员位置,统计所述运动员跑动的范围,获取根据所述运动员对应的阵容球员位置预先划分的跑动范围,获取所述运动员经过所述球员位置位于所述跑动范围之外的数量,判断所述数量是否大于第一阈值, 以及所述跑动距离是否大于第二阈值,当所述数量大于第一阈值,以及所述跑动距离大于第二阈值,则判断到所述运动员的竞技状态佳,当所述数量小于或者等于第一阈值,以及所述跑动距离小于或者等于第二阈值,则判断到所述运动员的竞技状态一般。 The processor 26 according to the specific acceleration value and a time point corresponding to the acceleration values, calculating said movement distance of movement, and according to the position of the player, the player statistics running range, according to the player acquires a corresponding the team players predetermined position of the movement range is divided to obtain the position of the player through the player number located outside of the movement range, determining whether the number is greater than a first threshold value, and whether the movement distance is greater than the first second threshold value, when the number is greater than a first threshold value, and the running distance is greater than a second threshold value, the determination of an athlete to the best, when the amount is less than or equal to a first threshold value, and the running the distance is less than or equal to the second threshold value, the state is determined to competitive athletes in general.

[0045] 处理器26所述根据所述加速值和加速值对应的时间点,计算所述运动的跑动距包括:将所有所述加速度值连接形成曲线,获取所述曲线的峰值点的数量,将所述峰值点的数量减去一之差,再乘以预设步距之间积作为所述跑动距离。 [0045] The processor 26 and the acceleration values ​​of the acceleration value corresponding to the time point, calculating a running distance of movement comprising a: connecting all of said number of acceleration value curve is formed, obtaining the peak point of the curve , the number of said peak point minus a difference, multiplied by the preset step, as the product of the distance between the running distance.

[0046] 进一步的,系统还包括电子标签(图未示)。 [0046] Further, the system further comprising an electronic tag (not shown). 电子标签设置于所述球体内。 Electronic tag disposed in said sphere. 第一采集模块21还包括第一陀螺仪213和射频读写器214 ;第一陀螺仪213感应用于感应所述运动员的球员加速方向,并记录所述球员加速方向对应的时间点;射频读写器214用于感应电子标签;第一加速度传感器用于感应震动脉冲,并且所述射频读写器感应到电子标签之后,所述第一加速度传感器感应到震动脉冲时,记录触球点,以及所述触球点对应的时间;处理器26具体用于根据所述球员位置,生成球员运动轨迹,根据所述运动姿势、所述运动姿势对应的时间点、球员加速方向、所述球员加速方向对应的时间点、触球点以及触球点对应的时间、运动员经过的球员位置以及所述球员位置对应时间点,在所述球员运动轨迹上标识所述运动姿势、球员加速方向和触球点,根据所述触球点和触球点对应的时间,统计所述运动员的控球次数以及控球时间,以及根据 The first acquisition module 21 further comprises a first gyroscope 213 and RFID reader 214; a first gyro sensor 213 of the player's player for sensing direction of acceleration, and the acceleration record player the direction corresponding time point; RF read 214 for sensing a write electronic tag; when after a first acceleration sensor for sensing a shock pulse, and the RF tag reader is sensed, the first acceleration sensor senses shock pulse of the recording ball point, and the ball point corresponding to time; a processor 26 according to the particular player position, players generate a trajectory based on the exercise posture, the posture of the moving point of time corresponding to the acceleration direction of the player, the player direction acceleration the corresponding time points, the ball and ball point corresponding to the point of time, after the athlete player position and the position of the player corresponding point of time, on the identity of the player exercise posture trajectory, the player and the direction of acceleration impact point the ball of the ball and the point corresponding to the point of time, the number of the player's statistical and ball possession time, and according to 述球员运动轨迹、球员运动轨迹上标记的内容、控球次数以及控球时间,分析所述运动员的竞技状态。 Players said trajectory, the trajectory marked on the content player, and the number of ball possession time, the state of competitive athletes.

[0047] 第二运动数据包括球体加速方向、球体位置以及球体转动方向。 [0047] The second motion direction acceleration data comprises a ball, the ball position and the direction of rotation of the sphere. 第二采集装23包括第二定位装置231、第二陀螺仪232、第二加速传感器233以及第二磁感应器234。 The second collection means 23 comprises a second positioning device 231, a second gyroscope 232, the second acceleration sensor 233 and a second magnetic sensor 234. 第二定位装置231用于定位在比赛或者训练时所经过的球体位置,并记录所述每一球体位置对应的时间点。 Second positioning means 231 for positioning during the training or race through which sphere positions, and recording the time point corresponding to a position of each sphere. 第二陀螺仪232、第二加速传感器233以及第二磁感应器用234于感应所述球体加速方向和球体转动方向,并记录每一球体加速方向对应的时间点,以及每一球体转动方向对应的时间点; The second gyroscope 232, the second acceleration sensor 233 and a second magnetic induction Inductor 234 in the direction of the ball and the ball accelerating the rotational direction, and the recording time point of each sphere direction corresponding to the acceleration, the direction of rotation of the ball and each of the corresponding time point;

[0048] 所述处理器26用于根据所述球体位置,生成球体运动轨迹;根据所述球体位置、 球体位置对应的时间点、球体加速方向、球体加速方向对应的时间点、球体转动方向以及球体转动方向对应的时间点,在所述球体运动轨迹标记球体加速方向和球体转动方向;根据所述球员运动轨迹、球员运动轨迹上标记的内容、控球次数、控球时间、球体运动轨迹以及球体运动轨迹上标记的内容分析所述运动员的竞技状态。 [0048] The processor 26 according to the position of the ball, the ball trajectory generation; according to the position of the sphere, the sphere position corresponding to a point in time, the direction of acceleration sphere, sphere acceleration point corresponding to the time direction, and the direction of rotation of the ball sphere corresponding to the rotational direction of the point of time, marking the ball in the direction of the ball and the ball trajectory acceleration rotational direction; player according to the trajectory, the trajectory marked on the content player, the number of the ball, the ball time, the ball trajectory, and marked on the ball trajectory content analysis of the state of competitive athletes.

[0049] 为了方便读者更好地理解本发明,以下举例进行说明。 [0049] For convenience of the reader a better understanding of the present invention, the following example will be described.

[0050] 设置于球员身上的装置叫球员装置,球员装置是一个完整的电子感应装置设备, 内部包含了存储器,电池,微处理器、第一采集模块和第一通信模块,第一通信模块可以为BT蓝牙模块,第一采集模块包括第一加速传感器、射频读写模块、第一定位装置和第一陀螺仪。 [0050] The means provided to players who called the player means a player means is complete electronic device sensing device, comprising an internal memory, a battery, a microprocessor, a first communication module and a first acquisition module, a first communication module may BT is a Bluetooth module, a first acquisition module comprises a first acceleration sensor, a radio frequency reader module, the first positioning means and a first gyro. 设置于球体内的装置叫球内装置,球内装置包括电子标签、第一采集模块和第二通信模块。 Means disposed in the sphere called inner ball means comprises an electronic tag inside the ball means, a first acquisition module and a second communication module. 第二通信模块可以为BT蓝牙模块,第二采集模块包括第二加速传感器、第二定位装置、 第二陀螺仪和磁感应器。 The second communication module may be a Bluetooth module BT, a second acquisition module comprises a second acceleration sensor, a second positioning means, a second magnetic sensor and a gyroscope.

[0051] 在足球运动训练或比赛时,球员可以把本球员装置放置到运动足球鞋内,球鞋底, 球鞋系带上面或小腿靠近脚的绑带处等部位;在篮球运动训练或比赛时,球员可以把本球员装置放置到手腕处或手臂处等部位; [0051] When training or soccer game, the players can be placed into this device sports players soccer shoes, the bottom of shoes, shoe lace or upper leg portion near the foot straps and the like; basketball during training or competition, the player may present the player device is placed to the site of the wrist or the arm, and the like;

[0052] 请参阅图4,②号:指球员装置,@号:指球内装置 [0052] Referring to FIG. 4, ② Number: refers to the player means, @ Number: refers ball means

[0053] 球员装置与球内装置主要区别: [0053] means with the ball player apparatus main differences:

[0054] 球员装置内部是近距离RFID读写器,球内装置时RFID TAG标签,读写感应距离短(20CM),读写反应快(〈0.1S),适合用于球员与球靠近接触的判断。 [0054] player device is an internal short-range RFID reader, RFID tag within the TAG ball apparatus, sensing read short distance (20CM), write fast response (<0.1S), suitable for use in close contact with the ball the player judgment. ③号和号:指存储器,是串行EEPROM MEMORY存储器,可以像RAM-样进行读写,并像ROM-样在断电时保持数据,可电擦除且可编程。 ③ Number and Number: memory means, the memory is a serial EEPROM MEMORY, samples can be read RAM- like, and the image data is held when power ROM- like, electrically erasable and programmable. 存储器密度,串行EEPROM器件的容量在1-16MB之间选择,与微处理器的通信接口可以SPI或I2C。 Memory densities, the capacity between the serial EEPROM device 1-16MB selection, the microprocessor may be a communication interface SPI or I2C. 有很高的擦除/写入耐久性,典型的串行EEPROM可擦除/写入100万次,保持时间:100年。 Has a high erase / write endurance, typical serial EEPROM can erase / write 100 million times, hold time: 100 years. EEPROM存储器件的电压范围为I. 8V到3. 6V。 EEPROM memory device voltage range is I. 8V to 3. 6V. EEPROM 存储器件的外围电路的连接。 EEPROM memory device connected to the peripheral circuits. 本存储数据,可以记录加速计产生的运动数据和RFID定位模块收到的定位基站的定位数据;保存记录的数量可以达到10万条以上。 This stored data, the positioning data may be recorded motion acceleration generated meter data and location of the base station received RFID positioning module; save number of records can reach 100,000. ④号和©.号,指电池,一般选取随身穿戴设备所采用的纽扣锂电池;⑤号和@号,指加速度计模块,其包含第一加速度模块和第一陀螺仪,第一加速度模块可以为MEMS三轴加速计传感器、第一陀螺仪可以为MEMS三轴陀螺仪传感器,当然加速度计模块还可以包括三轴磁感应计传感器; . ④ © number and number, refers to the battery, lithium coin battery generally selected wearable portable equipment used; @ ⑤ number and number, it means accelerometer module, a first acceleration module comprising a first and a gyroscope, a first acceleration module can MEMS sensor is a triaxial accelerometer, a gyroscope may be a first three-axis MEMS gyro sensor, accelerometer module of course may further include a three-axis magnetic induction gauge sensor;

[0055] A、三轴陀螺仪传感器:MEMS(微机电系统)陀螺仪可以同时测定6个方向的位置, 移动轨迹,加速。 [0055] A, triaxial gyro sensor: MEMS (microelectromechanical system) the position of the gyro can be determined simultaneously in six directions, the movement trajectory, acceleration. 三轴陀螺仪最大的作用就是"测量角速度,以判别物体的运动状态;传感陀螺仪用于飞行体运动的自动控制系统中,作为水平、垂直、俯仰、航向和角速度传感器。 The maximum effect of three-axis gyroscope is "measured angular velocity to motion of the object is determined; a gyroscope sensor system for automatically controlling the movement of a flying object, as the horizontal, vertical, pitch, heading, and the angular velocity sensor.

[0056] B、三轴加速计传感器:MEMS (微机电系统)加速度计的工作原理是当加速度计连同外界物体(该物体的加速度就是待测的加速度)一起作加速运动时,质量块就受到惯性力的作用向相反的方向运动。 [0056] B, three-axis accelerometer sensor: MEMS (microelectromechanical system) accelerometer meter works in conjunction with a foreign object when the accelerometer (acceleration of the object is measured acceleration) for movement together with the time of acceleration, the mass to be movement of the inertia force in the opposite direction. 质量块发生的位移受到弹簧和阻尼器的限制,通过输出电压就能测得外界的加速度大小。 Mass displacement occurs is limited spring and damper, the magnitude of the acceleration can be measured by the external output voltage. 基于MEMS的加速计,功能丰富,可支持姿势检测、图像稳定、 点击控制、防盗、下跌和自由落体检测等系列功能。 Based on a wealth of MEMS accelerometer functions to support the gesture detection, image stabilization, click on the control, security, fall and freefall detection, and other functions.

[0057] 要准确地描述线性(直线运动)和旋转运动(有转弯变化的运动),需要同时用到陀螺仪和加速度计,就能更好地跟踪并捕捉三维空间的完整运动,为最终用户提供现场感更强的用户使用体验、精确的导航系统以及其它功能。 [0057] To accurately describe linear (rectilinear motion) and rotational motion (with motion changes in cornering), it is necessary to use both accelerometers and gyroscopes, can better track and full motion capture three-dimensional space, the end user live stronger sense of user experience, precision navigation system and other functions. 此外,为让设计和制作的陀螺仪具有较高的加速度和较低的机械噪声,或为校正加速度计的旋转误差,需要使用磁力计来完成传统上用陀螺仪实现的传感功能,以完成相应定位。 In addition, to make the design and production of the gyroscope with high acceleration and low mechanical noise, error correction or rotational accelerometers, magnetometers required to complete a conventional sensing function implemented by the gyroscope, in order to complete appropriate positioning. 因此,陀螺仪、加速度计和磁感应计结合的方案正成为本系统运动数据采集的技术手段。 Thus, gyroscope, accelerometer and magnetic induction meter programs combining technical means becoming motion data acquisition system. 若只使用传统的加速度计,用户得到的要么是反应敏捷的但噪声较大的输出,要么是反应慢但较纯净的输出,而如将加速度计与陀螺仪相结合,就能得到既纯净又反应敏捷的输出。 If only the conventional accelerometer, the user is obtained either quick response but noisy output, either a slow response but purer output, as will be combined with an accelerometer gyroscope, and can be obtained both pure output quick response.

[0058] MEMS三轴加速计传感器,利用了其三轴加速计的特性来分析,检测球员跑步中三个方向的加速度变化。 [0058] MEMS three axis accelerometer sensor, which utilizes the characteristics of the triaxial accelerometer to analyze, detect a change in acceleration in three directions running player. 用户在水平跑步运动中,垂直和前进两个加速度会呈现周期性变化, 如图所示,在跑步收脚的动作中,由于重心向上单只脚触地,垂直方向加速度是呈正向增加的趋势,之后继续向前,重心下移两脚触底,加速度相反。 Users running horizontal movement, two vertical and forward acceleration will exhibit periodic change, as shown in FIG running foot receiving operation, the center of gravity upwardly single foot touches the ground, the vertical acceleration is an increasing trend showed a positive and then continue to move forward, center of gravity feet hit bottom, acceleration opposite. 水平加速度在收脚时减小,在迈步时增加。 Horizontal acceleration is reduced at the time of closing the foot, an increase in the move. 因此,在跑步运动中,垂直和前进产生的加速度与时间大致为一个正弦曲线,而且在某点有一个峰值,其中垂直方向的加速度变化最大,通过对轨迹的峰值进行检测计算和加速度阈值决策,即可实时计算用户运动的步数,还可依此进一步估算用户步行距离。 Thus, in the running exercise, the vertical and acceleration time proceeds generated substantially a sine curve, but at some point there is a peak, where the maximum change in acceleration in the vertical direction, for detection calculation and the acceleration threshold decision by the peak of the track, the number of steps you can calculate in real time the movement of the user, and so can be further estimate the user walking distance. 因为球员在运动中将设备置于球鞋上中,所以设备的放置方向不定,为此我们通过计算三个加速度的矢量长度,获得一条跑步运动的正弦曲线轨迹。 Since the shoes of players in the sports equipment is placed, the placement direction device uncertain, for which we calculated by three acceleration vector length is obtained a sine curve trajectory running motion. 第二步是峰值检测,记录了上次矢量长度和运动方向,通过矢量长度的变化,可以判断目前加速度的方向,并和上一次保存的加速度方向进行比较,如果是相反的,即是刚过峰值状态,则进入计步逻辑进行计步,否则舍弃。 The second step is the peak detection and recording of the last motion vector length direction, the change vector length, which can determine the direction of the current acceleration, and the acceleration direction and the time saved compared, if it is the opposite, that is, just peak state, the process proceeds to step counting logic pedometer, otherwise discarded. 通过对峰值的次数累加可得到用户跑步步伐最后是去干扰,随身穿戴设备会有一些低幅度和快速的抽动状态,这些干扰数据如果不剔除,会影响记步的准确值,对于这种干扰, 可以通过给检测加上阈值和步频判断来过滤。 By accumulating the number of times to obtain a peak final user is to interfere with the pace of running, some of the devices will have a low amplitude and fast twitch carry worn state, if not eliminate the interference data, can affect the accuracy of the step counter value, for such interference, Analyzing the frequency can be filtered by adding to the detection threshold and steps. 人体最快的跑步频率为5HZ,也就是说相邻两步的时间间隔的至少大于〇. 2秒,如图所示,我们设置了timespan在记步过程中,过滤了高频噪声,即步频过快的情况。 Human 5HZ fastest running frequency, that is greater than the time interval of adjacent two steps least square. 2 seconds, as shown in FIG timespan in mind we set step process, the filter high-frequency noise, i.e., step case of excessive frequency. 同时通过和上次加速度大小进行比较,设置设立一定的阈值Threshold来判断运动是否属于有效,有效运动才可进行记步。 By simultaneous acceleration magnitude and the previous comparison, arranged to establish a certain threshold Threshold to determine whether a valid motion, motion can be conducted efficiently pedometer.

[0059] ⑥号与©.号是RFID近距离感应的读卡模块和标签(TAG)模块,⑩号是RFID近距离感应的无线信号(带能量传递,距离只有20CM); . [0059] ⑥ © number and the number of RFID reader module proximity sensors and tags (TAG) module, an RFID number ⑩ inductive proximity wireless signal (with energy transfer, just 20CM);

[0060] A、射频读写器与电子标签内部的组成部分,如图5所示: [0060] The part A, the inside of the reader and RF tag, shown in Figure 5:

[0061] RFID读写模块包含天线,射频模块,时钟,读写模块; [0061] RFID reader module includes an antenna, a radio frequency module, a clock, reader module;

[0062] RFID标签模块包含天线,射频模块,控制模块; [0062] RFID tag includes an antenna module, a radio frequency module, a control module;

[0063] B、RFID读写模块与标签的使用: [0063] B, RFID tag reader module using:

[0064] 当电子标签靠近射频读写装置20CM内时,可以读写到标签的标识,从而识别标签。 [0064] When the electronic tag close means 20CM RFID reader can read the identification label, thereby identifying the tag. 在本系统中,球内装置里面的电子标签靠近球员感应装置20CM距离内时,球员感应装置内的处理器MCU可以记录下标签靠近的时间和离开的时间,保存到存储器里面。 In the present system, the device inside the ball close to the electronic tag player 20CM distance sensing device, the processor MCU in the sensing device may record the player close to the time tag and the departure time, stored in the memory inside.

[0065] ⑦号和©号,指BT蓝牙模块, [0065] ⑦ numbers and © numbers refer to BT Bluetooth module,

[0066] BT蓝牙模块工作说明: [0066] BT Bluetooth module Job Description:

[0067] 蓝牙4. 0是蓝牙3. 0+HS规范的补充,专门面向对成本和功耗都有较高要求的无线方案,可广泛用于卫生保健、家庭娱乐、安全保障等诸多领域;使用一个轻量级连接层(Link Layer)提供超低功耗的待机模式操作、简单设备恢复和可靠的点对多点数据传输,还能让联网传感器在蓝牙传输中安排好低功耗蓝牙流量的次序,同时还有高级节能和安全加密连接。 [0067] Bluetooth 4.0 Bluetooth 3.0 + HS specification supplement, designed specifically for wireless solutions to cost and power requirements are high, can be widely used in health care, home entertainment, security and other areas; using a lightweight connecting layer (Link layer) to provide ultra-low power standby mode, the device is simple and reliable recovery multipoint data transmission, also allows networked sensors arranged in a low-power Bluetooth transmission Bluetooth traffic order, as well as advanced energy-saving and secure encrypted connections. BT蓝牙模块,支持低功效BLE协议,使用一颗纽扣电池可连续工作超过一年;满足10米距离无线通讯,处理器(8号)MCU与蓝牙模块通过串口UART通讯,BT蓝牙模块与手机内的蓝牙模块通讯,从而,手机内的APP应用可以与处理器MCU通信,实现操作控制和数据传输。 BT Bluetooth module, supports the effectiveness of low-BLE protocol that uses a button battery can work continuously for more than one year; meet the wireless communications processor (No. 8) MCU and Bluetooth module via serial UART communication, Bluetooth module BT and within 10 meters from the mobile phone Bluetooth communication module, so that, within the APP application processor MCU in communication with the phone may achieve operational control and data transfer.

[0068] 号、号、@号和@号,是BT蓝牙发射的无线信号,距离只有10米,⑧号和号,指处理器(MCU),用于本装置的系统控制和管理工作。 [0068] No, No, No, and @ @ number, a Bluetooth transmitter is a wireless signal BT, only 10 meters, and the number ⑧ number, indicates that the processor (the MCU), a control and management system of the present apparatus.

[0069] A、处理器MCU的芯片实现: [0069] A, the processor MCU of the chip:

[0070] 处理器部分由STM32F407VGT6实现。 [0070] implemented by a processor section STM32F407VGT6. 该处理器采用是ARM Cortex™-M4内核以为核心。 The processor is an ARM Cortex ™ -M4 core that core. ARM Cortex™-M4 是32 位MCU,带有FPU 单元,有210DMIPS,多达IMB FLASH/192+4KB RAM0 ARM Cortex ™ -M4 is a 32-bit MCU, with FPU unit, there 210DMIPS, up IMB FLASH / 192 + 4KB RAM0

[0071] 处理器MCU的主要工作内容:采集加速计模块产生的数据并进行处理,保存到存储器内;当BT蓝牙模块与手机连接正常后,处理器把存储器内的数据或加速计模块产生的实时运动数据,然后通过USART把数据发送到BT无线蓝牙传输模块;或者接受手机APP通过BT蓝牙模块发来的操作指令工作,如设置时间,保存运动数据的时间间隔等;处理器检测RFID读写模块的数据,是否读到球内感应装置的RFID标签,如果检测到,保存到存储器或通过BT蓝牙模块发给手机;处理器实时处理RFID定位模块的数据,保存到存储器,或通过BT蓝牙模块发送给手机; [0071] The main tasks of the processor MCU: accelerometer data acquisition and processing module is generated, stored in memory; and when the Bluetooth module BT normal phone connection, data processor or an accelerometer in the memory module generated real-time motion data, and sends the data to the BT via USART Bluetooth wireless transmission module; APP or receive phone through a Bluetooth module BT operation instruction sent to the work, such as setting time, the motion data storage time interval and the like; the processor detects an RFID reader data module, whether to read the RFID tag sensing device inside the ball, if it is detected, stored in a memory or sent to the phone via a Bluetooth BT module; RFID positioning data in real time processor module, stored in the memory, or by Bluetooth module BT send to a mobile phone;

[0072] ⑨号和号,RFID定位收发模块;号和化号为RFID基站发射装置(带3G/4G 模块);⑨号和号RFID定位收发模块:考虑到功耗、接收灵敏度、传输速率和芯片成本等因素,系统采用了无线射频收发芯片CC2500作为无线通信模块控制器.CC2500是一款低成本、低功耗、体积小的2. 4GHz无线通信频段的收发器,工作频率波段为2400~2483. 5MHz. RF收发器集成了一个数据传输率可达50okbit/s的高度,可配置的调制解调器和一个64位传输/接收FIFO (先进先出堆栈)。 [0072] ⑨ number and number, RFID positioning transceiver module; RFID number and the number of the base station transmitting apparatus (with 3G / 4G module); ⑨ RFID location number and the number of transceiver modules: taking into account power, receiver sensitivity, and the transmission rate chip cost and other factors, the system uses the CC2500 RF transceiver chip module controller .CC2500 radio communication is a low cost, low power, small size 2. 4GHz frequency band radio communication transceiver operating frequency band of 2400 ~ 2483. 5MHz. RF transceiver is integrated with a data transfer rate up to a height 50okbit / s, the modem and a configurable 64-bit transmission / receiving FIFO (first in first out stack). CC2500的寄存器配置可通过SPI接I :3控制。 CC2500 configuration registers can be accessed by I SPI: 3 control. 它具有载波监听和休眠模式,非常适合低功耗应用[2-31.射频通信模块主要由CC2500收发器、传输与接收天线及其外围滤波、匹配网络组成,其中天线采用了贴片天线 It has a carrier sensing and a sleep mode, very suitable for low power applications [2-31. CC2500 radio frequency communication module consists of a transceiver, transmitting and receiving antenna and its peripheral filter, matching network, where the antenna uses a patch antenna

[0073] @号和@号RFID基站发射装置:基站发射装置内含处理器MCU,CC2500发射模块,3G/4G数据传输模块,电池。 [0073] @ @ No. RFID number and base station transmitting means: the base station transmitting means contains a processor MCU, CC2500 transmitter module, 3G / 4G data transmission module, a battery. 发射基站可以与球员感应装置或球内感应装置的RFID定位模块通讯,采集RSSI定位数据信息数据,如果安装SM数据卡后,即可上传数据到云端服务器。 The base station may transmit with a player or RFID sensing means sensing device location module communication within the ball, positioning data acquired RSSI information data, if the data card installed SM, to upload data to the cloud server. 发射基站除了可以采集到球员感应装置的RSSI定位数据,还可以把加速计模块的运动数据和RFID近距离感应读写数据实时上传到云端存储服务器上; In addition to the transmission base station can collect positioning data player RSSI sensing device, the motion data can accelerometer sensing module and the RFID reader near real-time data uploaded to the cloud storage server;

[0074] 工作过程: [0074] Work process:

[0075] a、RFID定位算法原理: [0075] a, RFID location algorithm principle:

[0076] RFID定位系统将具有固定位置信息的发射基站固定标签作为定位系统中的坐标参考点,通过固定参考点标签(RFID发射基站)与移动感应装置的RFID移动标签读写器(球员感应装置)之间的通信,获取两者之间的无线射频信号强度值RSSI,继而获取移动标签感应装置与多个固定参考标签之间的RSSI值,根据RSSI与通信距离之间的对应关系,获取移动标签读写器与多个固定参考标签之间的距离关系。 Mobile RFID tag reader writer (player sensing apparatus [0076] RFID location system having a fixed position information transmitting base station as a fixed tag coordinates of a reference point location system by fixed reference point tag (RFID transmitting base station) and the mobile sensing device communication between), acquires RF signal strength (RSSI) between them, and then acquires the RSSI value between the sensing device and a plurality of mobile tag label fixed reference, correspondence between the RSSI and the communication distance, the mobile acquires distance relationship between the tag reader and a plurality of fixed reference tag. 本定位算法可以通过比较移动标签读写器与固定参考标签之间RSSI值的大小来获得离移动标签读写器距离最近的几个固定参考标签.然后根据这几个最邻近固定参考标签的坐标,并结合它们的权重,可计算出移动的坐标; This algorithm may be positioned between the size of the RSSI values ​​obtained from the fixed reference tag mobile tag reader Nearest several fixed reference label by comparing the mobile tag reader. According to these and most adjacent the fixed reference marker coordinate , combined with their weights, calculate the coordinate movement;

[0077] b、RFID定位算法 [0077] b, RFID location algorithm

[0078] 无线信号的接收信号强度和信号传输距离的关系可以用式(1)来表示。 Relationship [0078] The received signal strength and signal transmission from the radio signals may be represented by the formula (1) below. 其中RSSI 是接收信号强度,d是收发节点之间的距离。 Wherein the received signal strength RSSI, d is the distance between the send and receive nodes. η是信号传播因子。 η is a signal propagation factor.

[0079] RSSI = -(Α+10 · nlgd) (1) [0079] RSSI = - (Α + 10 · nlgd) (1)

[0080] 由式⑴中可以看出,常数A和η的值决定了接收信号强度和信号传输距离的关系。 [0080] ⑴ can be seen from the formula, the values ​​of the constants A and η determine the relationship between received signal strength and signal transmission distance. 射频参数A和η用于描述网络操作环境。 RF parameters A and η for describing network operating environment. 射频参数A被定义为用dBm表示的距发射器Iinch时接收到信号平均能量的绝对值。 RF parameter A is defined as the absolute value of the average energy of the signal received from the transmitter is expressed in dBm Iinch. 如平均接收能量为40dBm,那么参数A被定为40。 The average received power of 40dBm, then the parameter A is set to 40. 射频参数η指出了信号能量随着距收发器距离增加而衰减的速率.其数值的大小取决于无线信号传播的环境。 RF parameters η indicates the rate of the signal energy increases with distance from the transceiver attenuated. Its value depends on the size of the radio signal propagation environment. RSSI值受周围环境的影响较大,具有时变特性,有时会偏离式(1)的描述,根据接收信号强度估计出的距离d就会有较大误差.通过大量数据分析。 RSSI value greatly influenced by the surrounding environment, having varying characteristics, sometimes deviate described formula (1), estimated from the received signal strength will have a large error d by a large amount of data analysis. 采用了一个噪声模型.即环境衰减因素模型,可有效补偿环境影响带来的误差,如式(2)所示。 Using a noise model. I.e. attenuation factor model environment, which can effectively compensate for the environmental impact of errors, such as the formula (2) shown in FIG.

[0081] RSSI = - (A+IOn lgd)-EAF (2) [0081] RSSI = - (A + IOn lgd) -EAF (2)

[0082] 上式中EAF(dBm)为环境影响因素,它的值取决于球场环境,是靠大量的数据累积的经验值。 [0082] In the above formula EAF (dBm) environmental factors, its value depends on the stadium environment, a large amount of data accumulated by the experience. EAF(dBm)是一个随机变量,但为了增强实用性,将其固定为一个值.通过大量比较实验环境下测得的RSSI值与理想状态下的RSSI值.得到试验环境EAF (dBm)大概为lldBm,A取值45,n取值3. 5。 EAF (dBm) is a random variable, but for purposes of enhanced utility, it is a fixed value of the RSSI value RSSI value with a comparatively large number of ideal experimental environment measured. Obtain a test environment EAF (dBm) approximately lldBm, A value of 45, n value of 3.5. 在采集到RSSI值后,依据式(2)就可以得到移动标签读写器到固定参考标签的距离,通过三边测量定位算法就可以定位出移动标签读写器的位置。 After sampling the RSSI value according to formula (2) can be obtained from the mobile tag interrogator to the fixed reference label by trilateration location algorithm can locate the position of the mobile tag reader.

[0083] @号、@号、©号和©号是RFID定位模块发射的无线信号,距离在100米内; [0083] @ in @ number, number © © number and location module RFID radio signal is transmitted, at a distance of 100 meters;

[0084] d、定位数据传输过程: [0084] d, positioning data transmission:

[0085] 方案1 :保存后存储,然后再上传(此例中,发射基站不上传数据): [0085] Scheme 1: after storage memory, and then upload (in this embodiment, the base station does not transmit data upload):

[0086] 球员感应装置内的RFID定位模块采集到RSSI定位数据,由处理器MCU保存到存储器内;当球员感应器与蓝牙手机通信后(10米内),由手机APP发出上传命令后,定位数据从存储器上传到手机内存保管,也在手机APP上可以看到球员位置和其他统计分析数据,同时也通过3G/4G和云端网络,存储到云端服务器内。 [0086] RFID positioning module in the player sensing device acquired RSSI location data stored by the processor MCU in the memory; after when the player sensor Bluetooth mobile communications (within 10 meters), issued upload command by the phone the APP, location data Upload from the memory to the phone memory storage, also you can see the position of the players and other statistical analysis of the data on the phone APP, but also through 3G / 4G network and cloud storage into the cloud server.

[0087] 方案2:实时数据上传云端服务器(发射基站上传数据): [0087] Scheme 2: Real-time data upload server cloud (upload data transmission base station):

[0088] 球员感应装置内的RFID定位模块实时发送RSSI定位数据到发射基站,由发射基站通过3G/4G和云端网络,存储到云端服务器内;当手机通过3G/4G连到网络后,手机APP 可以从云端服务器下载数据,并可以看到球员位置和其他统计分析数据。 [0088] RFID positioning module in the player sensing device transmitted in real time RSSI positioning data to the transmitting station by the transmitting base station through 3G / 4G and cloud network, stored in the cloud server; when the mobile phone via 3G / 4G is connected to the network, the phone APP data can be downloaded from the cloud server, and you can see the position of the players and other statistical data analysis.

[0089] @号和©号是带蓝牙和3G/4G的智能手机; [0089] @ number and the number is © Bluetooth and 3G / 4G smart phones;

[0090] 智能手机支持IOS或ANDROID操作系统,支持本系统应用APP,手机APP可以通过BT蓝牙与装置内的处理器MCU通讯和交互操作,比如,发出控制开始,时间设置,数据上传等操作;也可以把从装置上传来的数据进行显示,处理等操作,也可以把数据上传到云端服务器。 [0090] or ANDROID smartphone supports IOS operating system that supports the present system application APP, APP by the processor MCU phone communication and interaction within the Bluetooth BT device, for example, sends a control start, time settings, upload data and other operations; can also be displayed, processing and other operations to data uploaded from the device, data may be uploaded to the cloud server.

[0091] @号和@号是云端网络和云端存储服务器; [0091] @ @ number and network number and the cloud is the cloud storage server;

[0092] 云端存储服务器可以接收来自智能手机上传的运动数据,也可以接收来自RFID 发射基站实时上传来的运动和定位数据,因硬盘空间大,可以同时存储很多球员的运动数据,并提供查询服务和数据管理服务。 [0092] Cloud Storage server can receive motion data from smart phones to upload, you can also receive an RFID base stations uploaded in real time to the movement and positioning data, because of the large hard drive space, you can store a lot of player movement data simultaneously, and provide access to services and data management services.

[0093] @号和⑨号是; [0093] @ numbers are numbers and ⑨;

[0094] 智能手机支持IOS或ANDROID操作系统,支持本系统应用APP,手机APP可以通过BT蓝牙与装置内的处理器MCU通讯和交互操作,比如,发出控制开始,时间设置,数据上传等操作;也可以把从装置上传来的数据进行显示,处理等操作,也可以把数据上传到云端服务器。 [0094] or ANDROID smartphone supports IOS operating system that supports the present system application APP, APP by the processor MCU phone communication and interaction within the Bluetooth BT device, for example, sends a control start, time settings, upload data and other operations; can also be displayed, processing and other operations to data uploaded from the device, data may be uploaded to the cloud server.

[0095] ©.号、@号、@号和@号是3G/4G LTE无线信号,与手机基站通讯,信号强度一般在lKm-3Km范围; . [0095] © number, number @, @ and @ number is the number 3G / 4G LTE wireless signal, and mobile communication base station, the signal strength is generally in the range lKm-3Km;

[0096] @号和号是球场上,球队团体里面的球员感应装置2, 一直到球员感应装置η ; [0096] @ numbers and numbers are on the pitch, which groups team players sensing device 2, until the player sensing means [eta];

[0097] 在球场上,球队团体的球员配置好球员感应装置,采集到运动数据和定位数据,就可以保存在存储器里面,或由RFID发射基站直接上传云端服务器;从采集的数据中可以实时分析比赛或训练双方的各种统计数据模型,为提高水平,提供科学的数据分析和指导。 [0097] on the court, the player team player groups sensing device configured to collect the location data and motion data, which can be stored in the memory, or uploaded directly transmitted by the base station RFID cloud server; from the acquired data in real time analysis of competition or training various statistics of both models, in order to improve the level of scientific data analysis and guidance. [0098] 详细的球队团体的运动数据统计分析模型在下节说明。 Motion data [0098] Details of team group statistical analysis model in the next section explains.

[0099] 请参阅图6,下面的说明以足球为例,但不只限于足球,如团体运动的篮球,排球等运动活动,也适用本统计分析模型。 [0099] Referring to FIG. 6, the following description to football as an example, but not limited to football, team sports such as basketball, volleyball and other sports activities, but also the application of this statistical analysis model.

[0100] ①号、②号、③号、④号、⑤号和⑥号是RFID发射基站,带3G/4G模块,配上SM数据卡,就可以把采集到球员感应装置的RSSI定位数据、加速计模块运动数据和RFID近距离感应读写数据上传到云端存储服务器上;对数据模型分析的数据来源就是来自保存在云端服务器的球队团体的实时运动数据。 [0100] ① number, No. ②, ③ numbers, numbers ④, ⑤ and ⑥ number number is an RFID base station, with 3G / 4G module, coupled with the data SM card, can be positioned to collect the players RSSI sensing device data, motion accelerometer module and RFID data upload proximity sensors to read and write data on the cloud storage server; source model data is real-time motion data stored in the cloud server teams from groups.

[0101] ©号是指举例中的足球运动场地; [0101] © soccer field refers to the number is in the example;

[0102] 号是指球员感应装置或球内装置的示意标识。 [0102] References are a schematic player identification device or sensor within the ball. 球员感应装置放置在球员的球鞋上面,球内装置放置在订制的球内。 Sensing means disposed in the player the player's shoes above, the device is placed in the ordered balls inside the ball.

[0103] ⑧号是指守门员,和⑦号是指守门员的球鞋上面的球员感应装置;⑩号、®号; 号、©号和@号是指球队的蓝方团体成员(代号:蓝方);这些成员每人都配置球鞋上面的球员感应装置;感应装置对应编号是⑨号、©号;@号、@号和®号;四号、@号; @号、@号和@号是指球队的红方团体成员(代号:红方);这些成员每人都配置球鞋上面的球员感应装置;感应装置对应编号是©号、©号;©号、@号和@号;@号是指内置有球内感应装置的订制足球;©号是足球内的球内感应装置; [0103] ⑧ number refers to the goalkeeper, and ⑦ number refers to shoes above the goalkeeper's players sensing device; ⑩ number, ® number; number, © @ number refers to the number, and a member of the team's blue side groups (Code: Blue Square ); these members are arranged above players per shoes sensing device; sensing means corresponding to the ID number is ⑨, © number; number @, @ ® number and number; the 4th, @ number; number @, @ and @ number is No. means a member of the team red side groups (symbol: red side); members of these shoes are arranged above players per sensing device; sensing means corresponding to the ID number is ©, © number; © number, number, and number @ @; @ number It refers to the built-in custom soccer ball sensing means; © number within soccer ball in the sensing device;

[0104] 请结合图7。 [0104] Please 7 in conjunction with FIG.

[0105] A、touch 1踢球点分析: [0105] A, touch 1 play point analysis:

[0106] 在touch 1点,蓝方球员@号,把球踢给24 ;芒)号,此时,记录下踢球T1时间和球员ID (如@号),0号球员的球员装置把RSSI定位数据、球员装置内的加速计模块的踢球脉冲运动数据(如下图)和球内装置RFID标签靠近(20CM)识别信号,一方面保存到球员装置内的存储器内,以备后面通过BT蓝牙上传给智能手机;另一方面,把数据上传给RFID发射基站,再通过3G/4G上传到云端存储服务器;同时,球内装置也把球内的加速计模块的足球速度、转速、位置RSSI等数据也上传给RFID发射基站,再通过3G/4G上传到云端存储服务器。 [0106] In the touch 1, blue No. @ player side, to kick the ball 24; awn number), this time, the recording and playing time T1 player ID (e.g. @ number), the player's player number 0 means the RSSI positioning data, play data pulse motion accelerometer modules within player device (see below) and the RFID tag close to the ball means (20CM) identification signal stored in memory on the one hand the player means to prepare back through Bluetooth BT Upload to the smartphone; on the other hand, the data is uploaded to the RFID transmitting station, then through 3G / 4G to the cloud storage server; the same time, the football ball speed also means accelerometer modules within the ball, the speed, position and the like RSSI also upload data to the RFID transmitting base station, and then uploaded to the cloud storage server 3G / 4G.

[0107] 球员装置的数据采集分析: [0107] Analysis of the data acquisition apparatus players:

[0108] 三轴加速计和陀螺仪传感器可以感知到球员的脚的运动状态的运动数据,比如: 三个动作的识别,即向左倾斜、向右倾斜、弹跳。 [0108] tri-axial accelerometer and a gyro sensor may sense the motion data to the motion state of the player's feet, such as: identification of three actions, i.e. tilted to the left, right tilt, bounce.

[0109] 在计算出球员踢球动作后,同时与球内感应装置的RFID标签是否在20CM内检测配合,可以排除球员不是踢球的假动作,也记录下球内装置从靠近到离开的时间,在这段时间内检测测的踢球动作才是踢球行为。 [0109] After calculating the players play operation, while the RFID tag within the sensing device detects whether the ball fit within 20CM, players can not rule out the fake play, but also the recording time to close the ball away from the apparatus detecting measured at this time is to play football action behavior.

[0110] 另外,根据球员装置内的RSSI定位信号(误差在50CM-1M),可以计算出球员的跑步轨迹,根据加速计模块的数据修正,可以更加精准还原球员的跑步轨迹。 [0110] Further, based on the RSSI signal positioning means in the player (error 50CM-1M), can calculate the running track players, according to the accelerometer data correction module, the player can more accurately restore the running track.

[0111] 球内装置的数据采集分析: [0111] Data acquisition apparatus within the sphere Analysis:

[0112] 球内加速计模块可以测量出球的速度、球的转速和球的飞行轨迹等运动数据,同时球内装置RFID发射装置可以把运动数据和RSSI数据发送到RFID发射基站,再通过3G/4G传到云端存储服务器保存数据;从而可以精确还原球的飞行轨迹等运动状态。 [0112] the inner sphere accelerometer module can measure the speed of the ball, the ball speed and ball flight trajectory motion data, while the inner ball means RFID transmitting means may transmit the motion data and RSSI data to an RFID base station, then through 3G / 4G data transmitted to the storage server to save the cloud; thereby accurately reproduce the ball's flight trajectory motion.

[0113] 在touchl时刻开始,可以记录下球队的全部球员在场地的位置,球员的脚的方向和跑动轨迹;记录下与足球靠近接触时刻、分开时刻、球员ID (如@号)、球员位置、球员的脚踢球方向和足球位置,足球的运动方向、足球的运动速度; [0113] In touchl start time, all the players can be recorded at a position in space of the team, the player's feet and running direction of the track; with the football close contact with the recording time, separate in time, the player ID (e.g. No. @), position players, players kicking soccer position and direction, the direction of movement of football, soccer speed of movement;

[0114] 以上数据实时通过发射基站传到云端服务器保存; [0114] or more real-time data transmitted to the base station by transmitting the cloud storage server;

[0115] B、touch2踢球点分析: [0115] B, touch2 playing point analysis:

[0116] 在touchl到touch2期间,记录下球员的运动轨迹、位置和方向、速度;也记录下球的飞行方向、速度和轨迹(如恩号轨迹线); [0116] During the touchl Touch2, record players trajectory, position and direction, velocity; also recorded flight direction, velocity and trajectory of the ball (e.g., ex No. trajectory);

[0117] 在touch2时刻开始,可以记录下球队的全部球员在场地的位置,球员的脚的方向和跑动轨迹;记录下与足球靠近接触时刻、分开时刻、球员ID(如@号)、球员位置、球员的脚踢球方向和足球位置,足球的运动方向、足球的运动速度; [0117] In touch2 start time, all the players can be recorded at a position in space of the team, the player's feet and running direction of the track; with the football close contact with the recording time, separate in time, the player ID (e.g. No. @), position players, players kicking soccer position and direction, the direction of movement of football, soccer speed of movement;

[0118] 以上数据实时通过发射基站传到云端服务器保存; [0118] or more real-time data transmitted to the base station by transmitting the cloud storage server;

[0119] C、touch3踢球点分析: [0119] C, touch3 playing point analysis:

[0120] 在touch2到touch3期间,记录下球员的运动轨迹、位置和方向、速度;也记录下球的飞行方向、速度和轨迹(如@号轨迹线); [0120] During the touch2 touch3, record players trajectory, position and direction, velocity; also recorded flight direction, velocity and trajectory of the ball (e.g., @ No. trajectory);

[0121] 在touch2时刻开始,可以记录下球队的全部球员在场地的位置,球员的脚的方向和跑动轨迹;记录下与足球靠近接触时刻、分开时刻、球员ID(如@号)、球员位置、球员的脚踢球方向和足球位置,足球的运动方向、足球的运动速度; [0121] In touch2 start time, all the players can be recorded at a position in space of the team, the player's feet and running direction of the track; with the football close contact with the recording time, separate in time, the player ID (e.g. No. @), position players, players kicking soccer position and direction, the direction of movement of football, soccer speed of movement;

[0122] 以上数据实时通过发射基站传到云端服务器保存; [0122] or more real-time data transmitted to the base station by transmitting the cloud storage server;

[0123] D、touch4踢球点分析: [0123] D, touch4 playing point analysis:

[0124] 在touch3到touch4期间,记录下球员的运动轨迹、位置和方向、速度;也记录下球的飞行方向、速度和轨迹(如@号轨迹线); [0124] During the touch3 touch4, record players trajectory, position and direction, velocity; also recorded flight direction, velocity and trajectory of the ball (e.g., @ No. trajectory);

[0125] 在touch4时刻开始,可以记录下球队的全部球员在场地的位置,球员的脚的方向和跑动轨迹;记录下与足球靠近接触时刻、分开时刻、球员ID(如@号)、球员位置、球员的脚踢球方向和足球位置(如(¾号位置),足球的运动方向、足球的运动速度; [0125] In touch4 start time, all the players can be recorded at a position in space of the team, the player's feet and running direction of the track; with the football close contact with the recording time, separate in time, the player ID (e.g. No. @), the position of the player, and a player kicking the football position direction (e.g., (¾ number position), the direction of movement of the football, soccer velocity;

[0126] 以上数据实时通过发射基站传到云端服务器保存; [0126] or more real-time data transmitted to the base station by transmitting the cloud storage server;

[0127] 在touch4时刻,可以测算在此时刻,距离比较近足球的球员的位置和方向,如® 号球员距离足球的距离((0号线所示),如22号球员距离足球的距离(@号线所示),如@号球员距离足球的距离号线所示); [0127] In touch4 time, can measure at this time, the position and orientation from the more recent football players, such as ® distance football player numbers ((0 number line), as the distance from the soccer player 22 ( @ line), as far a soccer player @ No. No. distance line) shown;

[0128] E、touchl_touch4 数据模型分析: [0128] E, touchl_touch4 Data Model:

[0129] 1)、可以分析统计出足球的运动轨迹,运动轨迹从@号线一到@号线一到© 线;在这过程中的位置记录,速度记录、旋转速度记录;特别在touchl_touch4时刻,足球的速度,方向的转变记录,可以判断球员用力是否适度合理,方向是否科学; [0129] 1), can analyze statistics trajectory soccer trajectory from @ Line a to @ signal line a to the © line; location history in the process, the speed of the recording, the rotational speed of the recording; particularly at touchl_touch4 time football speed, change the recording direction, players can determine whether appropriate and reasonable force, if the direction of science;

[0130] 2)、可以分析统计出球员的传球过程,如@号球员把球传给@号球员,再传给@号球员,再传给@号球员;从球员的位置记录、跑动距离、跑动速度,可以判断传球的位置和力度是否合理; [0130] 2), the player may pass the statistical analysis process, such as @ @ No. player passed the ball to the player numbers, and then to the number of players @, @ then pass number Player; recording from the position of the players, running distance, running speed, based on the position and strength of the pass is reasonable;

[0131] 3)、可以分析统计出球队一方的控球时间,比如,在touchl到touch4期间,从@ 号球员把球传给@号球员,再传给@号球员,再传给@号球员,这些球员都是蓝方球队团体,可以计算出蓝方这段时间内的控球时间和传球次数,和这段时间球的运动平均速度。 [0131] 3), a statistical analysis may be one of the team point of time, for example, in the period touchl touch4, from the ball to the player number @ @ player number, and then to the number of players @, @ then pass No. players, these players are the blue team groups, can calculate the time on the ball in the blue side this time and the number of passes, and the average speed of movement of the ball this time.

[0132] 4)可以分析统计出整个运动期间的数据,在整个运动时间内,可以统计出每个球员(可以识别到球员ID)的总跑动距离,总传球的次数和位置点、时间点;平均跑动速度; 也可以总计出球队一方总控球时间和总传球次数,总跑动距离,总的平均速度; [0132] 4) Statistical analysis of the data may be during the entire movement, the entire exercise time, statistics can each player (the player can recognize the ID), the total distance run, the total number of passes and the position of the point, time point; average running speed; one team may be the total time and a total point total number of passes, the total distance run, the overall average speed;

[0133] 球队团体控球与触球数据检测的工作原理说明: [0133] team group works with ball possession detection data description:

[0134] 在团队比赛或训练中,当球队团体的任意一球员装置在与球内装置的距离靠近20CM时,会产生近距离RFID读写信号,当球与球员脚触碰时,球员装置内的加速计产生震动脉冲信号,基于这2个信号处理,球员装置可以精确判断和记录该球员与球接触的时间点,和接触持续时间;这样的数据可以根据球员ID来分析球队团体的控球时间,连续触球次数,传球次数以及传球速度等关键指标; [0134] in a team competition or training, when a player device of any team in the group is within a distance closer to the ball means 20CM, short-range RFID reader generates a signal when the feet touch the ball with the player, the player means accelerometer vibration generated in the pulse signal, signal processing based on these two, the player and the recording apparatus can accurately determine the point of time of the player with the ball in contact, and the contact time duration; such data may be analyzed in accordance with the player ID of the team groups key indicators of time on the ball, the ball consecutive times, the number of passes and ball speed;

[0135] 在球队中某一球员跑动距离和轨迹,以及球的飞行轨迹和距离,会同时根据装置内的加速计模块产生的运动数据和RSSI定位数据,修正计算运动轨迹,提高轨迹的精准度; [0135] a player in the team running distance and trajectory, and the distance of the ball and the flight path, while the motion data is generated in accordance with the accelerometer within the device and a RSSI module positioning data, the trajectory correction calculation, improve track accuracy;

[0136] 球队团体运动数据分析统计模型方法说明: [0136] team team sports data analysis statistical modeling approach Description:

[0137] 本装置系统,可以分析统计出整个比赛或训练运动期间的统计数据,可以根据球队团体的球员身份ID (感应装置分配固定身份编号),统计出每个球员ID在整个运动期间的总跑动距离,总传球的次数和位置点、时间点,平均跑动速度; [0137] The system of the present apparatus, may analyze statistical data statistics during the entire competition or training exercise can ID (fixed sensing device assigned identification number), the statistics of each player during the entire movement ID according to a player's team groups the total distance run, the total number of passes and the position of the point, the time point, the average running speed;

[0138] 可以统计出球队团体一方(如示例中蓝方或红方)的全部成员在整个运动期间的总控球时间、总传球次数,总跑动距离,总的平均速度; [0138] statistics of all members of the team can be one of the group (as in the example the Blue or red side) in the total time on the ball during the entire movement, the total number of passes, the total distance run, the overall average speed;

[0139] 可以统计出球在运动期间的飞行轨迹和球员传球轨迹,以及在抢球点时,球队团体的球员的相对位置和运动方向;可以统计分析出球员的球权获取次数以及接球、传球和控球等动作时间点,从而判断球员处理球的动作是否合理,团队传球配合是否默契,这样的数据结果有助于帮助教练快速精准提高球员或球队的训练或比赛水平; [0139] can count the players pass the ball flight trajectory and the trajectory during movement, and when the ball point, players team group relative position and direction of movement; can statistical analysis of the number of players and then get the ball ball, passing and ball control and other actions point in time, in order to determine whether the player moves the ball reasonably, whether tacit understanding with the team pass, such data help to help coach fast and accurate results to improve training or competition level players or teams ;

[0140] 在本发明实施方式中,在比赛或者训练中,获取运动员的第一运动数据和球体的第二运动数据,通过统计分析第一运动数据和第二运动数据,分析出所述运动员的竞技状态,以方便教练根据运动员的竞技状态进行调度;另外,也方便运动员根据第一运动数据和第二运动数据,调整自身的状态。 [0140] In an embodiment of the present invention, in the game or training, obtaining the first motion data and the second motion ball athlete data by statistical analysis of the first motion data and the second motion data, the analysis of the player's competitive state, performs scheduling according to facilitate the coach of an athlete; in addition, according to a first motion athletes also facilitate data and the second motion data, adjust their state.

[0141] 以上所述仅为本发明的实施方式,并非因此限制本发明的专利范围,凡是利用本发明说明书及附图内容所作的等效结构或等效流程变换,或直接或间接运用在其他相关的技术领域,均同理包括在本发明的专利保护范围内。 [0141] The foregoing is only embodiments of the present invention, not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, all utilize the present specification and drawings taken equivalent structures or equivalent process, or other direct or indirect application Related technical fields shall fall within the scope of protection of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. 一种运动员竞技状态分析方法,其特征在于,包括: 在比赛或者训练时,获取运动员的第一运动数据,以及球体的第二运动数据; 根据所述第一运动数据和第二运动数据,进行统计生成统计数据; 根据所述统计数据分析所述运动员的竞技状态。 A method of analysis of an athlete, characterized in that it comprises: in the game or the training athlete obtaining first motion data, and the data of the second movement of the ball; motion data based on the first data and the second motion , statistical generate statistics; competitive state of the player's data analysis according to the statistics.
2. 根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于, 所述第一运动数据包括球员位置和加速值; 所述获取运动员的第一运动数据的步骤包括: 通过设置于所述运动员身上的第一定位装置定位运动员在比赛或者训练时所经过的球员位置,以及所述运动员经过所述球员位置对应的时间点; 所述统计生成统计数据的步骤包括: 根据所述加速值和加速值对应的时间点,计算所述运动的跑动距离,以及根据所述球员位置,统计所述运动员跑动的范围; 所述根据所述统计数据分析所述运动员的竞技状态的步骤包括: 获取根据所述运动员对应的阵容球员位置预先划分的跑动范围; 获取所述运动员经过所述球员位置位于所述跑动范围之外的数量; 判断所述数量是否大于第一阈值,以及所述跑动距离是否大于第二阈值; 当所述数量大于第一阈值,以及所述跑动距离大 2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the first motion data including the position and acceleration values ​​of the player; athletes step of acquiring first motion data comprising: a first body provided in the athletes a positioning means for positioning players in the game player or the position of the training passes, and passes through the point of time of the player corresponding to the player positions; said step of generating statistics statistical data comprises: according to the acceleration value and the corresponding acceleration values time point, the movement distance of the movement is calculated, and based on the position of the player, the player statistics running range; the step according to the statistical analysis of the data of the player's competitive state comprises: obtaining, according to the player team athlete corresponds to a predetermined position of the movement range is divided; obtaining the position of the player through the player number is located outside of the movement range; determining whether the number is greater than a first threshold value, and whether the movement distance greater than a second threshold value; when the number is greater than a first threshold value, and the running distance large 第二阈值,则判断到所述运动员的竞技状态佳; 当所述数量小于或者等于第一阈值,以及所述跑动距离小于或者等于第二阈值,则判断到所述运动员的竞技状态一般。 A second threshold value, it is determined that the state of the player's competitive good; when the number is less than or equal to a first threshold value, and the movement distance is less than or equal to the second threshold value, the state is determined to competitive athletes in general.
3. 根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于, 所述根据所述加速值和加速值对应的时间点,计算所述运动的跑动距离的步骤包括: 将所有所述加速度值连接形成曲线,获取所述曲线的峰值点的数量; 将所述峰值点的数量减去一之差,再乘以预步伐长度距之间积作为所述跑动距离。 3. The method according to claim 1, wherein said point of time according to the acceleration value and the corresponding acceleration values, the step of calculating the movement distance of movement comprises: connecting all of said acceleration value is formed curve, acquiring the number of peak points of the curve; the number of said peak point minus a difference, multiplied by a pre-product of step length from the running distance.
4. 根据权利要求2所述的方法,其特征在于, 所述球体内还设置有电子标签; 所述第一运动数据还包括运动姿势、球员加速方向和触球点; 所述获取运动员的第一运动数据的步骤包括: 通过所述第一加速传感器感应所述运动员的运动姿势,并记录所述运动姿势对应的时间点; 通过设置于运动员身上的第一陀螺仪感应所述运动员的球员加速方向,并记录所述球员加速方向对应的时间点; 在设置于所述运动员身上的射频读写器感应到电子标签,以及所述第一加速度传感器感应到震动脉冲时,记录触球点,以及所述触球点对应的时间; 所述统计生成统计数据的步骤包括: 根据所述球员位置,生成球员运动轨迹; 根据所述运动姿势、所述运动姿势对应的时间点、球员加速方向、所述球员加速方向对应的时间点、触球点以及触球点对应的时间、运动员经 4. The method according to claim 2, wherein said ball is further provided with an electronic tag body; said data further comprises a first motion exercise posture, the players and the ball point the direction of acceleration; Obtaining the athletes a motion data comprises the step of: by the first acceleration sensor senses the movement of the player's posture, and time of the recording dots corresponding to the gesture motion; athletes by providing in a first player of the player's gyro sensors acceleration direction, and recording the point of time the player direction corresponding to acceleration; when the RFID reader disposed in the athletes sensing the tags, and the first acceleration sensor senses shock pulse of the recording ball point, and the ball point corresponding to time; the step of generating statistics statistical data comprises: according to the position of the player, the player generates a trajectory; according to the exercise posture, the exercise posture corresponding to a time point, the direction of acceleration players, the accelerating direction of said time points corresponding to the player, ball and ball point corresponding to the point of time, by athletes 过的球员位置以及所述球员位置对应时间点,在所述球员运动轨迹上标识所述运动姿势、球员加速方向和触球点, 根据所述触球点和触球点对应的时间,统计所述运动员的控球次数以及控球时间; 根据所述统计数据分析所述运动员的竞技状态的步骤包括: 根据所述球员运动轨迹、球员运动轨迹上标记的内容、控球次数以及控球时间,分析所述运动员的竞技状态。 Player through the player position and the position of the corresponding point of time, on the identity of the player exercise posture trajectory, the player and the direction of acceleration impact point, according to the ball and the ball point corresponding to the point of time, the Institute said ball possession time and the number of athletes; Competitive step of analyzing a state of the player's statistical data based on the comprising: the trajectory of the player, the player marks the contents of the trajectory, and ball possession time number, analysis of the competitive state of the players.
5. 根据权利要求4所述的方法,其特征在于, 所述第二运动数据包括球体加速方向、球体位置以及球体转动方向; 所述获取球体的第二运动数据的步骤包括: 通过设置于所述球体上的第二定位装置定位在比赛或者训练时所经过的球体位置,并记录所述每一球体位置对应的时间点; 通过设置于所述球体上的第二陀螺仪、第二加速传感器以及第二磁感应器感应所述球体加速方向和球体转动方向,并记录每一球体加速方向对应的时间点,以及每一球体转动方向对应的时间点; 所述统计生成统计数据的步骤包括: 根据所述球体位置,生成球体运动轨迹; 根据所述球体位置、球体位置对应的时间点、球体加速方向、球体加速方向对应的时间点、球体转动方向以及球体转动方向对应的时间点,在所述球体运动轨迹标记球体加速方向和球体转动方向; 根据所 The method as claimed in claim 4, wherein said second motion direction acceleration data comprises a ball, the ball position and ball rotation direction; a second step of acquiring data comprises moving spheres: by providing to the second positioning means on said ball is positioned at the training or race through which sphere positions, and recording the time point corresponding to a position of each sphere; provided by said second gyroscope on the sphere, the second acceleration sensor and a second magnetic sensor senses the acceleration of the ball and the ball direction direction of rotation, acceleration and the sphere record for each time point corresponding to the direction, and each of the ball rotation direction corresponding time point; the step of generating statistics comprises statistics: the said ball position, ball trajectory generation; according to the position of the sphere, the sphere position corresponding to a point in time, the direction of acceleration sphere, sphere acceleration direction corresponding time point, the time point of rotation the ball and the ball direction corresponding to the direction of rotation, in the spherical ball trajectory acceleration direction flag and the direction of rotation of the ball; in accordance with the 统计数据分析所述运动员的竞技状态的步骤包括: 根据所述球员运动轨迹、球员运动轨迹上标记的内容、控球次数、控球时间、球体运动轨迹以及球体运动轨迹上标记的内容分析所述运动员的竞技状态。 Statistical data analysis step of the player's competitive state includes: The trajectory of the player, the player trajectory marked content, the number of the ball, the ball time, the ball trajectory, and content marks on the ball trajectory analysis competitive state athletes.
6. -种运动员竞技状态分析系统,包括第一采集模块、第一通信模块、第二采集模块、 第二通信模块、第三通信模块和处理器; 所述第一采集模块和第一通信模块均设置于运动员身上,所述第一采集模块在比赛或者训练时,采集运动员的第一运动数据,并通过所述第一通信模块和第三通信模块将所述第一运动数据传送至处理器; 所述第二采集模块和第二通信模块均设置于球体上,所述第二采集模块用于采集球体的第二运动数据,并通过所述第二通信模块和第三通信模块将所述第二运动数据传送至处理器; 所述处理器用于根据所述第一运动数据和第二运动数据,进行统计生成统计数据,并根据所述统计数据分析所述运动员的竞技状态。 6. - Athletes species state analysis system comprising a first acquisition module, a first communication module, a second acquisition module, a second communication module, a communication module and a third processor; the first communication module and a first acquisition module are provided in the athletes, the first module in the train, or the race, the first motion athlete data acquisition, and through the first communication module and the third communication module to the first motion data to the processor ; said second acquisition module and second communication modules are provided on the ball, the second motion data acquisition module for collecting a second sphere, and the communication module via said second and third communication modules second motion data to the processor; and the processor according to the first motion data and the second motion data, generate statistics for statistics, data analysis and competitive state of the player based on the statistics.
7. 根据权利要求5所述的系统,其特征在于, 所述第一运动数据包括球员位置和加速值; 所述第一采集模块包括第一定位装置和第一加速传感器; 所述第一定位装置用于定位运动员在比赛或者训练时所经过的球员位置,以及所述运动员经过所述球员位置对应的时间点; 所述第一加速传感器记用于记录运动员的加速值,以及所述加速值对应的时间点; 所述处理器具体用于根据所述加速值和加速值对应的时间点,计算所述运动的跑动距离,以及根据所述球员位置,统计所述运动员跑动的范围,获取根据所述运动员对应的阵容球员位置预先划分的跑动范围,获取所述运动员经过所述球员位置位于所述跑动范围之外的数量,判断所述数量是否大于第一阈值,以及所述跑动距离是否大于第二阈值,当所述数量大于第一阈值,以及所述跑动距离大于第二阈值 7. The system as claimed in claim 5, wherein the first motion data including the position and acceleration values ​​of the player; the first acquisition module comprises a first acceleration sensor and a first positioning means; said first positioning means for positioning players in the game player or the position of the training passes, and passes through the point of time of the player corresponding to the player positions; said first acceleration sensor for acceleration value of the recording referred to athletes, as well as the acceleration values corresponding time point; for the processor according to the specific acceleration value and a time point corresponding to the acceleration values, calculating the movement distance of the movement and position of the player based on the statistics of the athlete running range, the player acquires the predetermined position corresponding to line division player running range, the player through the player acquires a position outside the movement range of the number is located, determines whether the number is greater than a first threshold value, and the if the movement distance is greater than a second threshold value, when the number is greater than a first threshold value, and the running distance is greater than a second threshold value 则判断到所述运动员的竞技状态佳,当所述数量小于或者等于第一阈值,以及所述跑动距离小于或者等于第二阈值,则判断到所述运动员的竞技状态一般。 The state is determined to competitive athletes good, when the number is less than or equal to a first threshold value, and the movement distance is less than or equal to the second threshold value, the state is determined to competitive athletes in general.
8. 根据权利要求7所述的系统,其特征在于, 所述处理器所述根据所述加速值和加速值对应的时间点,计算所述运动的跑动距包括:将所有所述加速度值连接形成曲线,获取所述曲线的峰值点的数量,将所述峰值点的数量减去一之差,再乘以预设步距之间积作为所述跑动距离。 8. The system according to claim 7, wherein said processor according to the acceleration value and the time point of the corresponding acceleration values, calculating a running distance of movement comprises: the acceleration values ​​of all joined to form a curve, acquires the number of peak points of said curve, the number of said peak point minus a difference, and then multiplied by a preset distance between the running stride.
9. 根据权利要求6所述的系统,其特征在于, 所述系统还包括电子标签; 所述电子标签设置于所述球体内; 所述第一采集模块还包括第一陀螺仪和射频读写器; 所述第一陀螺仪感应用于感应所述运动员的球员加速方向,并记录所述球员加速方向对应的时间点; 所述射频读写器用于感应电子标签; 所述第一加速度传感器用于感应震动脉冲,并且所述射频读写器感应到电子标签之后,所述第一加速度传感器感应到震动脉冲时,记录触球点,以及所述触球点对应的时间; 所述处理器用于根据所述球员位置,生成球员运动轨迹,根据所述运动姿势、所述运动姿势对应的时间点、球员加速方向、所述球员加速方向对应的时间点、触球点以及触球点对应的时间、运动员经过的球员位置以及所述球员位置对应时间点,在所述球员运动轨迹上标识所述运动姿势 9. The system according to claim 6, characterized in that the system further comprises an electronic label; the electronic tag disposed within the sphere; the first acquisition module further comprises a first gyroscope and RFID reader ; said first gyro sensor for sensing the player of the player's direction of acceleration, and the acceleration record player the direction corresponding to the time point; for sensing the radio frequency tag reader; the first acceleration sensor after an induction time of the shock pulse and the RF tag reader is sensed, the first acceleration sensor senses shock pulses of recording impact point, the impact point and the corresponding time; for the processor the position of the player, the player generates a trajectory based on the exercise posture, the posture of the moving point of time corresponding to the acceleration direction of the player, the player point of time corresponding to the acceleration direction, and ball impact point corresponding to the point of time athletes player after the player position and the position of the corresponding point of time, the player identification on the exercise posture trajectory 球员加速方向和触球点,根据所述触球点和触球点对应的时间,统计所述运动员的控球次数以及控球时间,以及根据所述球员运动轨迹、球员运动轨迹上标记的内容、控球次数以及控球时间,分析所述运动员的竞技状态。 Players impact point and the direction of acceleration, based on the ball and the ball point corresponding to the point of time, the number of the player's statistical and ball possession time, and in accordance with the players trajectory, the trajectory marked on the content player , the number of ball possession time and competitive state, analyzing the athletes.
10. 根据权利要求9所述的方法,其特征在于, 所述第二运动数据包括球体加速方向、球体位置以及球体转动方向; 所述第二采集装包括第二定位装置、第二陀螺仪、第二加速传感器以及第二磁感应器; 所述第二定位装置用于定位在比赛或者训练时所经过的球体位置,并记录所述每一球体位置对应的时间点; 所述第二陀螺仪、第二加速传感器以及第二磁感应器用于感应所述球体加速方向和球体转动方向,并记录每一球体加速方向对应的时间点,以及每一球体转动方向对应的时间占. 所述处理器用于根据所述球体位置,生成球体运动轨迹;根据所述球体位置、球体位置对应的时间点、球体加速方向、球体加速方向对应的时间点、球体转动方向以及球体转动方向对应的时间点,在所述球体运动轨迹标记球体加速方向和球体转动方向;根据所述球员运动 10. The method according to claim 9, wherein said second motion direction acceleration data comprises a ball, the ball position and the direction of rotation of the ball; the second acquisition means includes a second positioning means, a second gyroscope, a second acceleration sensor and a second magnetic induction; said second positioning means for positioning in the game or the position of the ball train elapsed, and records the time point corresponding to the position of each of said ball; the second gyroscope, a second magnetic sensor and a second acceleration sensor for sensing acceleration direction of said ball and the ball rotating direction, and the recording time point of each sphere direction corresponding to the acceleration, and the direction of rotation of the sphere corresponding to each time accounts. the processor according to said ball position, ball trajectory generation; according to the position of the sphere, the sphere position corresponding to a point in time, the direction of acceleration sphere, sphere acceleration direction corresponding time point, the time point of rotation the ball and the ball direction corresponding to the direction of rotation, in the ball trajectory acceleration direction flag and the ball sphere rotating direction; according to the movement of the player 迹、球员运动轨迹上标记的内容、控球次数、控球时间、球体运动轨迹以及球体运动轨迹上标记的内容分析所述运动员的竞技状态。 Track, the trajectory marked on the content player, the number of the ball, the ball time, the ball trajectory, and content marks on the ball trajectory of the state of competitive athletes.
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