CN104719633A - Novel effective breeding method for obtaining high breeding egg hatchability - Google Patents

Novel effective breeding method for obtaining high breeding egg hatchability Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104719633A
CN104719633A CN201510016888.2A CN201510016888A CN104719633A CN 104719633 A CN104719633 A CN 104719633A CN 201510016888 A CN201510016888 A CN 201510016888A CN 104719633 A CN104719633 A CN 104719633A
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China
Prior art keywords
breeding
basal diet
adds
antibacterial peptide
novel effective
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CN201510016888.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
白建
高晓丽
郭芳
杜京旗
弓玉红
王瑞
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Luliang University
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Luliang University
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Priority to CN201510016888.2A priority Critical patent/CN104719633A/en
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Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of hatching of breeding eggs, and mainly discloses a novel effective breeding method for obtaining the high breeding egg hatchability; on the basis of basic daily ration of a chicken feed, in terms of the percentage by weight of the basic daily ration, 1-5% of seaweed meal is added; and furthermore, 300-600mg of antibacterial peptide is added into per 1kg of the basic daily ration. By means of breeding experiments, the best addition amounts of seaweed meal and antibacterial peptide in an experimental group in a hen growth and development stage are provided; technical parameters are provided for reasonably applying seaweed meal and antibacterial peptide in hen breeding; the novel effective breeding method is applied to hatching experiments; a method for increasing the hatchability by adding some substances in a feed is invented for the first time; the method is the novel effective breeding method for obtaining the high breeding egg hatchability; the guarantee is provided for popularization and application in production; the novel effective breeding method disclosed by the invention is convenient, practical and novel; the added seaweed meal contains mineral substances, vitamins, amino acid, fatty acid, protein, a variety of active substances, trace elements and the like; and furthermore, the breeding egg hatchability is increased.

Description

The method for breeding that a kind of novel effective hatching of breeding eggs rate is high
Technical field
The invention belongs to hatching of breeding eggs technical field, relate generally to a kind of method that novel effective hatching of breeding eggs rate is high.
Background technology
The artificial incubation technique of birds, beasts and eggs and hatching effect have become one of the Main Means of modern aviculture operation and the main path of profit, what the blue brown shell layer in sea (HY-LINE VARIETY BROWN) was that Hai Lan international corporation of the U.S. (HY-LINE INTERNATIONAL) cultivates four is supporting excellent layer breed, China introduced from the eighties in 20th century, at present, for generations multiple or Parent stock field is had in the whole nation, in brown shell layer, raise one of more kind, this kind has strong adaptability, feed consumption is few, lay heavily and the high good characteristics of survival rate, the blue brown shell layer in sea all can be raised in a lot of area in the whole nation, suitable intensive chicken farm, scale chicken house, specialist and farmer breed, along with the raising of living standards of the people, the demand of egg constantly increases.This not only requires more plant, also require that this kind will have higher incubation rate, whether the height of hatching of breeding eggs rate, be fertilized with kind of egg, Egg Quality, incubation condition and operating technology be relevant, and planting Egg Quality is affect the principal element that incubation rate and young fowl are good for young rate.
Prior art is more comprehensive for adding seawood meal nutritive value in chicken feed, seawood meal contains mineral matter, vitamin, amino acid, aliphatic acid, protein, various active material and trace element etc., in seawood meal, each nutriment all exists with the form of organic, thus the organic mineral substance in seawood meal is is easily digested and assimilated by animal, a large number of experiments show that, marine alga waits ill-effect to animal nontoxicity, it is the important feed additive raw material that livestock and poultry maintain that eubolism ensures animal health growth, the marine alga annual production of China 100,000 tons, mainly carry glue in order to edible and industry, seldom marine alga is used in the formula forage of China's processing, these affluent resources of marine alga are made to be difficult to be developed fully.Utilize tangleweed to produce seawood meal, can improve the problem that in China's aquaculture development, resource plaque is weary, seawood meal feed not only can provide abundant nutriment, the immunity of raising animal.
Summary of the invention
Object of the present invention, providing a kind of method that novel effective hatching of breeding eggs rate is high, not only can realize effective utilization of resource, and can reduce the hatching cost in kind of poultry farm and hatchery, improves the economic benefit in kind of poultry farm and hatchery.
The method that a kind of novel effective hatching of breeding eggs rate of the present invention is high, the basis of chicken feed base daily ration is added according to the percentage by weight of described basal diet the seawood meal of 1-5%, and adds 300-600mg antibacterial peptide in basal diet described in every 1kg.
As preferably, the percentage by weight of described basal diet adds the seawood meal of 1%, and adds 300mg antibacterial peptide in basal diet described in every 1kg.
As preferably, the percentage by weight of described basal diet adds the seawood meal of 3%, and adds 300mg antibacterial peptide in basal diet described in every 1kg.
As preferably, the percentage by weight of described basal diet adds the seawood meal of 5%, and adds 300mg antibacterial peptide in basal diet described in every 1kg.
As preferably, the percentage by weight of described basal diet adds the seawood meal of 1%, and adds 600mg antibacterial peptide in basal diet described in every 1kg.
As preferably, the percentage by weight of described basal diet adds the seawood meal of 3%, and adds 600mg antibacterial peptide in basal diet described in every 1kg.
As preferably, the percentage by weight of described basal diet adds the seawood meal of 5%, and adds 600mg antibacterial peptide in basal diet described in every 1kg.
In the present invention, described basal diet formula is corn 50-65%, cotton dregs 3-8%, dregs of beans 15-20%, fish meal 1-5%, soybean oil 1-5%, stone flour 5-10%, calcium bicarbonate 1-3%, salt 0.1-0.5%, Choline Chloride 0.05-0.15%, DL-METHIONINE 0.05-0.1%, mixing premix 0.1-0.3%.
As preferably, described basal diet formula is corn 61.93%, cotton dregs 5%, dregs of beans 19.94%, fish meal 1.5%, soybean oil 1.14%, stone flour 8.62%, calcium bicarbonate 1.17%, salt 0.3%, Choline Chloride 0.1%, DL-METHIONINE 0.08%, mixing premix 0.22%.
The advantage compared with prior art had is: this present invention is convenient, practical, novel, and the seawood meal of interpolation, not only containing mineral matter, vitamin, amino acid, aliphatic acid, protein, various active material and trace element etc., also improves hatching of breeding eggs rate.
Accompanying drawing explanation
fig. 1 isinterpolation seawood meal and antibacterial peptide are on the impact of laying rate of laying hen;
Fig. 2 adds seawood meal and antibacterial peptide to the impact of laying hen feedstuff-egg ratio;
Fig. 3 adds seawood meal and antibacterial peptide to the impact of laying hen hatching rate;
Fig. 4 adds seawood meal and antibacterial peptide is good for the impact of young rate to laying hen
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with detailed description of the invention, the specific embodiment that the present invention does is described further.
The method that novel effective hatching of breeding eggs rate is high, the basis of chicken feed base daily ration is added according to the percentage by weight of described basal diet the seawood meal of 1-5%, and adds 300-600mg antibacterial peptide in basal diet described in every 1kg.
Described basal diet formula is corn 50-65%, cotton dregs 3-8%, dregs of beans 15-20%, fish meal 1-5%, soybean oil 1-5%, stone flour 5-10%, calcium bicarbonate 1-3%, salt 0.1-0.5%, Choline Chloride 0.05-0.15%, DL-METHIONINE 0.05-0.1%, mixing premix 0.1-0.3%.
The present invention adds the impact on performance in layers and Egg Quality of the seawood meal of varying level and antibacterial peptide in Research foundation daily ration, both discussions are to the reciprocal effects of performance in layers and Egg Quality and broiler diets thereof, for research and development laying hen environment-friendly feed additive provides theoretical foundation, the present invention be intended to study add different proportion in the blue brown kind of chicken feed in sea seawood meal and antibacterial peptide on the impact of hatching of breeding eggs performance, for seawood meal and antibacterial peptide, applying in kind of chicken produces provides theoretical foundation and practice reference.
Below for striving the test carried out above-mentioned formula and method:
1, plant egg source and preserve
Produced for planting experimentally egg by extra large blue brown Parent stock in 31 weeks age, fed 8 weeks by the blue brown laying hen in the sea in 24 week age, concrete as table 2, wherein I group is control group, basal feed of feeding, and basal feed composition is in table 1, in table 2, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII is test group, add in basal feed respectively different proportion seawood meal and antibacterial peptide, its experimental design, in table 2, collects 3d continuously.Every day uses ultraviolet tube lamp sterilization 12h before kind egg warehouse-in.The sharp end of planting egg after warehouse-in down code-disc is placed, and indoor temperature is 16 DEG C, and humidity is 60% to preserve, and basal diet is 1kg.
Table 1 basal diet composition and nutritional labeling (air bells dry basis)
Project Content Project Content
Composition (%) Trophic level (%)
Corn 61.93 Metabolizable energy 11.31
Cotton dregs 5.00 Protein 16.78
Dregs of beans 19.94 Lysine 0.83
Fish meal 1.50 Methionine 0.34
Soybean oil 1.14 Calcium 3.54
Stone flour 8.62 Total phosphorus 0.52
Calcium bicarbonate 1.17 Available phosphorus 0.38
Salt 0.30 Copper (mgkg-1) 2. 17.76
Choline Chloride 0.10 Iron (mgkg-1) 339.12
DL-METHIONINE 0.08 Zinc (mgkg-1) 169.76
Mixing premix 1. 0.22 Manganese (mgkg-1) 138.66
Add up to 100.0
Note: 1. premix can be every kilogram of complete diet pellet provides: iron 60.00mg, manganese 60.00mg, zinc 80.00mg, iodine 0.35mg, selenium 0.30mg, vitamine D1 600IU, vitamin E 5.00IU, vitamin K 0.50mg, vitaminB10 .80mg, vitamin B2 2.50mg, pantothenic acid 2.2mg, nicotinic acid 20mg, vitamin B6 3.0mg, biotin 0.1mg, folic acid 0.25mg, vitamin B12 0.004mg.2. copper, iron, zinc, manganese are measured value, and other nutritional labelings are calculated value.
Table 2 experimental design
2, capital equipment and apparatus is tested
Incubation equipment is the full-automatic box-type hatching and nestling two-purpose machine (apparent energy: 5.84KW of EIFDMS19200 type that Qingdao Xingyi Electronic Equipment Co., Ltd manufactures, rated voltage: 380VAC, frequency: 50HZ), there are 4 go-carts the inside, each car there are 32 dishes, often dish can put 150 pieces of kind eggs, and capacity is 19200 pieces, egg candler.
3, for planting experimentally egg incubation management
Hatching house HCHO solution 15mLm -3, KMnO 47.5gm-3, stifling 15min, incubator thimerosal cleans, and empty incubator tray is also with sterilization 15min.Test kind of egg is with criticizing to enter to incubate, and incubation condition is identical, adopts Hatchability, 2h egg-turning 1 time, egg-turning angle is 45 °, enters to incubate 12d " head according to " and rejects infertile egg and dead smart egg and record number, 18d moves dish egg-turning, and carries out the 2nd photograph egg, sorts out addled egg and records its number.21d starts hatching and terminates to 22d, and hatching record is see table 3;
Table 3 hatches record
Plane No.: No. 1 enters to incubate the time: 2014.4.10 enters to incubate number of days: 21 days
The present invention carries out raising experiment in order to the feed of upper seawood meal and antibacterial peptide mixing, test select 24 weeks age body weight and laying rate close, healthy sea orchid brown laying hen 504, feeding manner is that 3 layers of ladder are raised in cages, carry out immunity and management by layer breeding management expectancy, and adopt various ways to carry out disinfection.Adopt the design of 2 × 3+1 factor completely randomized experiment, raise 5 days phases in advance, totally 8 weeks experimental period, from 24 ~ 31 week age.Hen house keeps good ventilation, and every day, timing cleaning, ensured 16h illumination every day, gave sufficient water.Feeding experiment is carried out by the experimental design of table 2.Collect the kind egg of each group and mark, then carrying out hatching test.
4, interpretation of result is as follows:
Feeding experiment interpretation of result is in shown in table 4, Fig. 1 and Fig. 2.
The leading indicator measured has:
The livestock on hand number of elements of laying rate=egg number/laying hen
The egg number of weight/each repetition of laying eggs of average egg weight=each repetition
Average daily ingestion amount=(the residue doses of feeding capacity-each repetition of each repetition)/chicken number
Feedstuff-egg ratio=feed consumption rate/lay eggs heavily
Table 4 to add seawood meal and antibacterial peptide 24 ~ 31 week age to the impact of Layer Production Performance in basal diet
In same row, subscript difference represents significant difference (P < 0.05).
As shown in Table 4, in this experimental period in 24 ~ 31 week age, the Pitch-based sphere of basal diet seawood meal on the impact of the average feed intake of laying hen and average egg weight all not significantly (P>0.05), but significantly improves laying rate and feedstuff-egg ratio (P<0.05).Antibacterial peptide Pitch-based sphere on average feed intake, average egg weight, laying rate impact all not significantly (P>0.05), but significantly improves laying rate and feedstuff-egg ratio (P<0.05).Seawood meal and antibacterial peptide reciprocal effects, on the average feed intake of laying hen and average egg weight impact all remarkable (P>0.05), significantly improve laying rate and feedstuff-egg ratio (P<0.05).In whole experimental period, the laying rate of test group and feedstuff-egg ratio all have obvious difference (P < 0.05) than control group.Show to add the egg laying performance that a certain proportion of seawood meal and antibacterial Toplink improve laying hen.As seen from Figure 1, in laying rate, IV group the highest.As seen from Figure 2, in feedstuff-egg ratio, IV group minimum.Above table 4, Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 comprehensively illustrate that IV group is best of breed.
Hatching test interpretation of result is in shown in table 5, Fig. 3, table 6 and Fig. 4.
The leading indicator measured has:
Whole chick numbers of incubation rate (%)=shell/enter incubation number × 100%
Whole chick number × 100% of strong young rate (%)=strong young number/go out shell
Table 5 basal diet interpolation seawood meal and antibacterial peptide are on the impact of hy-line brown hen hatching of breeding eggs rate
In same row, subscript difference represents significant difference (P < 0.05).
Table 6 basal diet adds seawood meal and antibacterial peptide is good for the impact of young rate to hy-line brown hen kind egg
In same row, subscript difference represents significant difference (P < 0.05).
From table 5 and table 6, all high respectively than control group of the incubation rate of test group and strong young rate, and have difference (P<0.05).Fig. 3 and Fig. 4 is known again, test group hatching of breeding eggs rate and strong young rate the highest.Illustrate that IV group is optimal selection.
Comprehensive feeding test and hatching test, reach a conclusion: test IV group, namely add 5% seawood meal+300 mg/kg antibacterial peptide in basal diet, best to the hatching effect of kind of egg.
Seawood meal and the antibacterial peptide of varying level are added in this test in basal feed, the kind chicken then fed 24 week age 8 weeks, namely from 24 week age to 31 week age, carry out egg laying performance analysis during this period of time to kind of chicken.That terminates in feeding experiment collects kind of an egg in first 3 days, and carries out mark.Then carry out hatching test, the kind egg marked is entered hatching house and hatches 21 days.The data record of hatching test in the meantime.Test complete, carry out the calculating of incubation rate and strong young rate.Finally reach a conclusion.
Embodiment application feeding experiment in comprehensive the invention described above, the optimum addition of seawood meal and antibacterial peptide in laying hen growth and development stage test group is proposed, for in layer breeding, rationally application seawood meal and antibacterial peptide resource provide technical parameter, application hatching test, invent first and added Cucumber to improve a kind of method of incubation rate in feed, a kind of method that novel effective hatching of breeding eggs rate is high, for its applying on producing provides guarantee.
In conjunction with embodiment, embodiments of the invention are explained in detail above; but the present invention is not limited to above-described embodiment; in the ken that those of ordinary skill in the art possess; the various changes can also made under the prerequisite not departing from present inventive concept, also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. the method that novel effective hatching of breeding eggs rate is high, is characterized in that: the seawood meal of adding 1-5% on the basis of chicken feed base daily ration according to the percentage by weight of described basal diet, and adds 300-600mg antibacterial peptide in basal diet described in every 1kg.
2. the method that a kind of novel effective hatching of breeding eggs rate as claimed in claim 1 is high, is characterized in that: the percentage by weight of described basal diet adds the seawood meal of 1%, and adds 300mg antibacterial peptide in basal diet described in every 1kg.
3. the method that a kind of novel effective hatching of breeding eggs rate as claimed in claim 1 is high, is characterized in that: the percentage by weight of described basal diet adds the seawood meal of 3%, and adds 300mg antibacterial peptide in basal diet described in every 1kg.
4. the method that a kind of novel effective hatching of breeding eggs rate as claimed in claim 1 is high, is characterized in that: the percentage by weight of described basal diet adds the seawood meal of 5%, and adds 300mg antibacterial peptide in basal diet described in every 1kg.
5. the method that a kind of novel effective hatching of breeding eggs rate as claimed in claim 1 is high, is characterized in that: the percentage by weight of described basal diet adds the seawood meal of 1%, and adds 600mg antibacterial peptide in basal diet described in every 1kg.
6. the method that a kind of novel effective hatching of breeding eggs rate as claimed in claim 1 is high, is characterized in that: the percentage by weight of described basal diet adds the seawood meal of 3%, and adds 600mg antibacterial peptide in basal diet described in every 1kg.
7. the method that a kind of novel effective hatching of breeding eggs rate as claimed in claim 1 is high, is characterized in that: the percentage by weight of described basal diet adds the seawood meal of 5%, and adds 600mg antibacterial peptide in basal diet described in every 1kg.
8. the method that a kind of novel effective hatching of breeding eggs rate as claimed in claim 1 is high, it is characterized in that: described basal diet formula is corn 50-65%, cotton dregs 3-8%, dregs of beans 15-20%, fish meal 1-5%, soybean oil 1-5%, stone flour 5-10%, calcium bicarbonate 1-3%, salt 0.1-0.5%, Choline Chloride 0.05-0.15%, DL-METHIONINE 0.05-0.1%, mixing premix 0.1-0.3%.
9. the method that a kind of novel effective hatching of breeding eggs rate as claimed in claim 1 is high, it is characterized in that: described basal diet formula is corn 61.93%, cotton dregs 5%, dregs of beans 19.94%, fish meal 1.5%, soybean oil 1.14%, stone flour 8.62%, calcium bicarbonate 1.17%, salt 0.3%, Choline Chloride 0.1%, DL-METHIONINE 0.08%, mixing premix 0.22%.
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106071343A (en) * 2016-08-24 2016-11-09 吕梁学院 The blue brown egg chicken nutrious feed in a kind of sea
CN106578631A (en) * 2016-12-09 2017-04-26 吕梁学院 Breeding method for increasing hatching rate of eggs
CN108308443A (en) * 2017-01-18 2018-07-24 新奥科技发展有限公司 A kind of feed addictive of layer chicken, egg feedstuff and preparation method thereof

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CN102919603A (en) * 2012-11-12 2013-02-13 南乐县金地饲料有限公司 Wheat-type broiler chicken compound feed
CN103564217A (en) * 2013-09-28 2014-02-12 周克萍 Chicken feed and preparation method thereof
CN103564209A (en) * 2013-09-12 2014-02-12 怀宁县牧之金畜禽实业有限责任公司 Chicken feed
CN103710276A (en) * 2012-03-01 2014-04-09 吉林大学 Chinese tachyplesin constitutive pichia yeast positive expression bacterial strain
CN103719546A (en) * 2013-11-26 2014-04-16 青岛农家院蔬菜专业合作社 Pig feed with balanced nutrition
CN103907755A (en) * 2014-04-01 2014-07-09 白建 Chicken feed added with seaweed meal and antimicrobial peptides

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20100112328A (en) * 2009-04-09 2010-10-19 주식회사 이지바이오시스템 Flexible gel diet and its manufacturing process
CN103710276A (en) * 2012-03-01 2014-04-09 吉林大学 Chinese tachyplesin constitutive pichia yeast positive expression bacterial strain
CN102919603A (en) * 2012-11-12 2013-02-13 南乐县金地饲料有限公司 Wheat-type broiler chicken compound feed
CN103564209A (en) * 2013-09-12 2014-02-12 怀宁县牧之金畜禽实业有限责任公司 Chicken feed
CN103564217A (en) * 2013-09-28 2014-02-12 周克萍 Chicken feed and preparation method thereof
CN103719546A (en) * 2013-11-26 2014-04-16 青岛农家院蔬菜专业合作社 Pig feed with balanced nutrition
CN103907755A (en) * 2014-04-01 2014-07-09 白建 Chicken feed added with seaweed meal and antimicrobial peptides

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106071343A (en) * 2016-08-24 2016-11-09 吕梁学院 The blue brown egg chicken nutrious feed in a kind of sea
CN106578631A (en) * 2016-12-09 2017-04-26 吕梁学院 Breeding method for increasing hatching rate of eggs
CN108308443A (en) * 2017-01-18 2018-07-24 新奥科技发展有限公司 A kind of feed addictive of layer chicken, egg feedstuff and preparation method thereof

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