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Magnetic grinding liquid for magnetic passivation of cutting edge of cutter and preparation method of magnetic grinding liquid

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Publication number
CN104690609A
CN104690609A CN 201410731042 CN201410731042A CN104690609A CN 104690609 A CN104690609 A CN 104690609A CN 201410731042 CN201410731042 CN 201410731042 CN 201410731042 A CN201410731042 A CN 201410731042A CN 104690609 A CN104690609 A CN 104690609A
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magnetic
liquid
grinding
edge
cutting
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CN 201410731042
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Chinese (zh)
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王国志
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贵州西南工具(集团)有限公司
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; MISCELLANEOUS COMPOSITIONS; MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS
    • C09GPOLISHING COMPOSITIONS OTHER THAN FRENCH POLISH; SKI WAXES
    • C09G1/00Polishing compositions
    • C09G1/02Polishing compositions containing abrasives or grinding agents
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; MISCELLANEOUS COMPOSITIONS; MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS
    • C09KMATERIALS FOR MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • C09K3/00Materials not provided for elsewhere
    • C09K3/14Anti-slip materials; Abrasives

Abstract

The invention discloses a magnetic grinding liquid for magnetic passivation of a cutting edge of a cutter and a preparation method of the magnetic grinding liquid. The magnetic grinding liquid is prepared by mixing components in parts by mass as follows: 18-22 parts of an oil-based dimethicone base solution, 3-6 parts of a zwitterionic surfactant and 0.2-0.4 parts of dodecylnaphthalene. The magnetic grinding liquid is required by a liquid magnetic passivation technology, the cutting edge passivated by the magnetic grinding liquid is fine and smooth compared with the cutting edge passivated in a dry manner, and roughness of other parts of the cutting edge is lower than that of the cutting edge passivated in a dry manner.

Description

一种刀具刃口磁力钝化磁磨液及其制作方法 One kind of edge magnetic passivation magnetic grinding fluid and cutting tool manufacturing method

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种刀具刃口磁力钝化的磁磨液及其制作方法,属于刀具钝化技术领域。 [0001] The present invention relates to a magnetic grinding fluid and the method for manufacturing a magnetic tool edge passivation, the passivation technical field belonging to the tool.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]目前,现刀具刃口钝化技术在市场上主要是机械干式磨料钝化和干式磁粉钝化,即刀具在机械装夹下,在磨料配方中做一定轨迹的自转和周转运动,达到对刀具的钝化。 [0002] Currently, the tool edge passivation now on the market is mainly a dry mechanical abrasive and dry passivation magnetic passivation, i.e., under mechanical clamping tool, do some tracks in the abrasive circulating movement and rotation formula achieve passivation of the tool. 因磨料配方的不同可实现相应不同的钝化效果。 The abrasive may vary from formulation to achieve correspondingly different passivation effect. 但是此种方式因对刀具刃口和刀具体均发生研磨作用,材料去除程度一致,造成在磨料颗粒大磨削能力大时刀具体的抛光效果降低,粗糙度高,刃口过钝和不圆滑。 However, due to the abrasive action of the tool body and tool edge occurred, consistent with the degree of material removed in this way, the polishing effect caused by the tool body greatly decreases when the grinding ability of the abrasive particles, high roughness, and not smooth blunt edge over . 磨料颗粒小时增加钝化时间不好把握钝化效果,而另一技术干式磁粉钝化需使用到机械手单件单件的钝化,钝化效率低,设备成本高,因此研制出液态磁力钝化,在刀具磁力钝化时要使用到磁磨液,其中磁磨液的磁性微粒的大小对磁磨液的稳定性至关重要,对钝化效果产生较大影响,磁性微粒的大小受以下几种因素影响,1:在磁颗粒中,相邻两磁性微粒会构成异性磁极,产生的磁极间吸引力至颗粒逐渐聚合变大;2:不同大小规则颗粒的接触,由于偶极子间的相互作用产生范德瓦耳斯力,使颗粒聚集;3,重力作用使颗粒沉淀;4:静态磁场作用力。 Increasing passivation time abrasive particles hour good grasp of the passivation effect, the magnetic powder and the other dry passivation techniques need to use a robot to the passivation single one-piece member, a passivation low efficiency, high equipment cost, and therefore the magnetic force developed liquid blunt of, when the tool to be used to the magnetic passivation magnetic grinding fluid, wherein the size of the magnetic particles of the magnetic grinding fluid, have a greater impact on passivation effect of magnetic grinding fluid is critical to the stability, the size of the magnetic particles by affected by several factors, 1: magnetic particles, the magnetic particles can constitute adjacent two opposite poles, the magnetic poles to produce attractive particles gradually increases the polymerization; 2: contacting particles of different sizes rule, due to the dipole between interaction of van der Waals forces, the particles are aggregated; 3, so that the precipitated particles by gravity; 4: static magnetic force.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明的目的是解决液态磁力钝化技术所使用的磁磨液,提供一种制作简单能够实现磁力钝化功能的液态配方,通过将磁粉、磨料和表面活性剂加入于基液中,表面活性剂一端通过离子对、范德瓦尔斯力和氢键等作用磁性粒子表面形成结合,产生剂化膜,防止粒子碰撞团聚,另一端剂化于基液中,使亲液端扩散在液相中,且其静电作用和空间位阻作用使磁液和磨料形成稳定状态,在圆周梯度磁场和圆周力的共同作用下,使磁粉按照一定规则聚结、形成凸起带,并做圆周运动带动磨料运动使之混合成具有塑性磨削介质的一种刀具刃口磁力钝化磁磨液及其制作方法。 [0003] The object of the present invention is to solve the magnetic force of magnetic grinding fluid liquid passivation technique used to provide a simple production of the liquid formulation to achieve passivation function of the magnetic force by the magnetic powder, an abrasive and a surfactant is added to the base fluid surfactant ion pair by an end surface of van der Waals forces, and hydrogen bonding acting like binding magnetic particles formed, generating agent film, to prevent the collision and agglomeration of particles, the other end of the agent into the base fluid, so that the diffusion lyophilic end the liquid phase, and electrostatic interactions and steric hindrance of the magnetic fluid and abrasive to form a stable state, under the action of the gradient magnetic field and the circumferential circumferential forces, the magnetic powder according to certain rules coalesce, with formation of projections, and a circular the abrasive motion driven into a motion so that the mixing tool edge passivation magnetic magnetic grinding fluid and its production method ductile grinding media.

[0004] 一种刀具刃口磁力钝化磁磨液,该磁磨液按质量份数计算,包括油基基液二甲基硅油18〜22份、由两性离子表面活性剂3〜6份和十二烷基萘0.2-0.4份混合制成。 [0004] A magnetic tool edge passivation magnetic grinding fluid, the magnetic grinding fluid calculation parts by mass, comprising a liquid oil alkyl dimethicone 18~22 parts of 3 ~ 6 parts of a surfactant and zwitterionic 0.2 to 0.4 parts dodecyl naphthalene blend.

[0005] 所述的两性离子表面活性剂为卵磷脂。 According to [0005] Zwitterionic surfactants are lecithin.

[0006] 一种刀具刃口磁力钝化磁磨液的制作方法,该制作方法按以下步骤进行: [0006] The method for manufacturing a magnetic tool edge passivation of magnetic grinding fluid, the production method according to the following steps:

1)液态部分的配置:首先把二甲基硅油和卵磷脂按重量份数8:2比例混合,然后添加进十二烷基萘,混合均匀,卵磷脂与十二烷基萘按重量份数比例为15:1 ; 1) configuration of the liquid portion: the first dimethylsilicone oil and lecithin 8 parts by weight: 2 proportions, and then add dodecyl naphthalene, mixed, lecithin, dodecyl naphthalene parts by weight ratio of 15: 1;

2)然后加入150-300目的Fe304磁粉,Fe304磁粉与卵磷脂的体积比例为1-1.5:1; 2) 150-300 object Fe304 magnetic powder was then added, the volume ratio of magnetic powder and lecithin Fe304 1-1.5: 1;

3)固体部分配置:按重量份数计算,将调配比例为7:3的4~10um绿碳化硅与2~6um单晶金刚石研磨液加入以上混合物混合均匀。 3) the solid part of the configuration: parts by weight, the compounding ratio of 7: 4 ~ 10um 3 green silicon carbide single crystal with 2 ~ 6um diamond abrasive was added to the above mixture was uniformly mixed.

[0007] 由于采用了上述技术方案,本发明制作了一种液态磁力钝化技术所需要的磁磨液,利用磁磨液钝化后的刃口较干式钝化精细圆滑,且刃口外其余部位较干式钝化的粗糙度要低。 [0007] By adopting the technical solution, the present inventors produced a liquid magnetic grinding fluid required magnetic passivation techniques, the use of magnetic grinding fluid edge passivation passivation relatively dry fine smooth, and the rest of the outer edge relatively dry parts of the passivation lower roughness.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0008] 下面结合实施例对本发明作进一步详细说明。 [0008] The following embodiments in conjunction with embodiments of the present invention is described in further detail.

[0009] 实施例1:一种刀具刃口磁力钝化磁磨液,该磁磨液按质量份数计算,包括油基基液二甲基硅油18份、由两性离子表面活性剂3份和十二烷基萘0.2-0.4份混合制成。 [0009] Example 1: A cutter edge passivation magnetic magnetic grinding fluid, calculated according to the magnetic grinding fluid mass parts, a liquid comprising 18 parts alkyl dimethyl silicone oil, 3 parts of a surfactant and zwitterionic 0.2 to 0.4 parts dodecyl naphthalene blend.

[0010] 所述的两性离子表面活性剂为卵磷脂。 Zwitterionic Surfactants [0010] The lecithin is.

[0011] 一种刀具刃口磁力钝化磁磨液的制作方法,该制作方法按以下步骤进行: [0011] The method for manufacturing a magnetic tool edge passivation of magnetic grinding fluid, the production method according to the following steps:

1)液态部分的配置:首先把二甲基硅油和卵磷脂按重量份数8:2比例混合,然后添加进十二烷基萘,混合均匀,卵磷脂与十二烷基萘按重量份数比例为15:1 ; 1) configuration of the liquid portion: the first dimethylsilicone oil and lecithin 8 parts by weight: 2 proportions, and then add dodecyl naphthalene, mixed, lecithin, dodecyl naphthalene parts by weight ratio of 15: 1;

2)然后加入150-300目的Fe304磁粉,Fe304磁粉与卵磷脂的体积比例为1-1.5:1; 2) 150-300 object Fe304 magnetic powder was then added, the volume ratio of magnetic powder and lecithin Fe304 1-1.5: 1;

3)固体部分配置:按重量份数计算,将调配比例为7:3的4um绿碳化硅与2um单晶金刚石研磨液加入以上混合物混合均匀。 3) the solid part of the configuration: parts by weight, the compounding ratio of 7: 4um green silicon carbide single crystal 3 with 2um diamond abrasive was added to the above mixture was uniformly mixed.

[0012] 实施例2:—种刀具刃口磁力钝化磁磨液,该磁磨液按质量份数计算,包括油基基液二甲基硅油22份、由两性离子表面活性剂6份和十二烷基萘0.4份混合制成。 [0012] Example 2: - magnetic tool edge passivation kinds of magnetic grinding fluid, the magnetic grinding fluid calculation parts by mass, a liquid comprising alkyl dimethyl silicone oil 22 parts, 6 parts of a surfactant and zwitterionic 0.4 parts of dodecyl naphthalene blend.

[0013] 所述的两性离子表面活性剂为卵磷脂。 Zwitterionic Surfactants [0013] The lecithin is.

[0014] 一种刀具刃口磁力钝化磁磨液的制作方法,该制作方法按以下步骤进行: [0014] The method for manufacturing a magnetic tool edge passivation of magnetic grinding fluid, the production method according to the following steps:

1)液态部分的配置:首先把二甲基硅油和卵磷脂按重量份数8:2比例混合,然后添加进十二烷基萘,混合均匀,卵磷脂与十二烷基萘按重量份数比例为15:1 ; 1) configuration of the liquid portion: the first dimethylsilicone oil and lecithin 8 parts by weight: 2 proportions, and then add dodecyl naphthalene, mixed, lecithin, dodecyl naphthalene parts by weight ratio of 15: 1;

2)然后加入150-300目的Fe304磁粉,Fe304磁粉与卵磷脂的体积比例为1-1.5:1; 2) 150-300 object Fe304 magnetic powder was then added, the volume ratio of magnetic powder and lecithin Fe304 1-1.5: 1;

3)固体部分配置:按重量份数计算,将调配比例为7:3的1um绿碳化硅与6um单晶金刚石研磨液加入以上混合物混合均匀 3) the solid part of the configuration: parts by weight, the compounding ratio of 7: 1um 6um green silicon carbide single crystal 3 with diamond slurry was added the above mixture was uniformly mixed

实施例3: —种刀具刃口磁力钝化磁磨液,该磁磨液按质量份数计算,包括油基基液二甲基硅油20份、由两性离子表面活性剂4份和十二烷基萘0.3份混合制成。 Example 3: - Species magnetic tool edge passivation magnetic grinding fluid, the magnetic grinding fluid calculation parts by mass, comprising a liquid oil alkyl dimethyl silicone 20 parts by zwitterionic surfactant and 4 parts of dodecane 0.3 parts of naphthalene blend.

[0015] 所述的两性离子表面活性剂为卵磷脂。 According to [0015] Zwitterionic surfactants are lecithin.

[0016] 一种刀具刃口磁力钝化磁磨液的制作方法,该制作方法按以下步骤进行: [0016] The method for manufacturing a magnetic tool edge passivation of magnetic grinding fluid, the production method according to the following steps:

1)液态部分的配置:首先把二甲基硅油和卵磷脂按重量份数8:2比例混合,然后添加进十二烷基萘,混合均匀,卵磷脂与十二烷基萘按重量份数比例为15:1 ; 1) configuration of the liquid portion: the first dimethylsilicone oil and lecithin 8 parts by weight: 2 proportions, and then add dodecyl naphthalene, mixed, lecithin, dodecyl naphthalene parts by weight ratio of 15: 1;

2)然后加入150-300目的Fe304磁粉,Fe304磁粉与卵磷脂的体积比例为1-1.5:1; 2) 150-300 object Fe304 magnetic powder was then added, the volume ratio of magnetic powder and lecithin Fe304 1-1.5: 1;

3)固体部分配置:按重量份数计算,将调配比例为7:3的6um绿碳化硅与4um单晶金刚石研磨液加入以上混合物混合均匀。 3) the solid part of the configuration: parts by weight, the compounding ratio of 7: 6um 4um green silicon carbide single crystal 3 with diamond slurry was added the above mixture was uniformly mixed.

Claims (3)

1.一种刀具刃口磁力钝化磁磨液,其特征在于:该磁磨液按质量份数计算,包括油基基液二甲基硅油18〜22份、由两性离子表面活性剂3〜6份和十二烷基萘0.2-0.4份混合制成。 A magnetic tool edge passivation magnetic grinding fluid, characterized in that: the magnetic grinding fluid calculation parts by mass, comprising a liquid oil alkyl dimethicone 18~22 parts by 3 ~ zwitterionic surfactants 6 parts of naphthalene and 0.2-0.4 parts of sodium lauryl blend.
2.根据权利要求1所述的刀具刃口磁力钝化磁磨液,其特征在于:所述的两性离子表面活性剂为卵磷脂。 2. The tool edge passivation magnetic force of the magnetic grinding fluid as claimed in claim 1, wherein: said zwitterionic surfactant is lecithin.
3.一种刀具刃口磁力钝化磁磨液的制作方法,其特征在于:该制作方法按以下步骤进行: 1)液态部分的配置:首先把二甲基硅油和卵磷脂按重量份数8:2比例混合,然后添加进十二烷基萘,混合均匀,卵磷脂与十二烷基萘按重量份数比例为15:1 ; 2)然后加入150-300目的Fe304磁粉,Fe304磁粉与卵磷脂的体积比例为1-1.5:1; 3)固体部分配置:按重量份数计算,将调配比例为7:3的4~10um绿碳化硅与2~6um单晶金刚石研磨液加入以上混合物混合均匀。 A method for manufacturing a magnetic tool edge passivation of magnetic grinding fluid, characterized in that: the production method according to the following steps: 1) the liquid portion of the configuration: First, the dimethylsilicone oil and 8 parts by weight of lecithin : 2 proportions, and then add dodecyl naphthalene, mixed, lecithin, dodecyl naphthalene in parts by weight ratio of 15: 1; 2) was then added 150-300 Fe304 magnetic object, Fe304 magnetic powder and egg volume ratio of phospholipid is 1.5: 1; 3) the solid part of the configuration: parts by weight, the compounding ratio of 7: 3 4 ~ 10um green silicon carbide single crystal diamond with 2 ~ 6um polishing solution added to the above mixture was mixed uniform.
CN 201410731042 2014-12-05 2014-12-05 Magnetic grinding liquid for magnetic passivation of cutting edge of cutter and preparation method of magnetic grinding liquid CN104690609A (en)

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