CN104668396A - Bending equipment - Google Patents

Bending equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104668396A
CN104668396A CN201510112454.2A CN201510112454A CN104668396A CN 104668396 A CN104668396 A CN 104668396A CN 201510112454 A CN201510112454 A CN 201510112454A CN 104668396 A CN104668396 A CN 104668396A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bending
centering
clamping
workpiece
plug
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201510112454.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104668396B (en
Inventor
饶梅贵
张良
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Zhengjiang Changxing Heliang Intelligent Equipment Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Hangzhou Heliang Mechanical Equipment Co Ltd
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Publication date
Application filed by Hangzhou Heliang Mechanical Equipment Co Ltd filed Critical Hangzhou Heliang Mechanical Equipment Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510112454.2A priority Critical patent/CN104668396B/en
Publication of CN104668396A publication Critical patent/CN104668396A/en
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Publication of CN104668396B publication Critical patent/CN104668396B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D53/00Making other particular articles
    • B21D53/02Making other particular articles heat exchangers or parts thereof, e.g. radiators, condensers fins, headers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D11/00Bending not restricted to forms of material mentioned in only one of groups B21D5/00, B21D7/00, B21D9/00; Bending not provided for in groups B21D5/00 - B21D9/00; Twisting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D11/00Bending not restricted to forms of material mentioned in only one of groups B21D5/00, B21D7/00, B21D9/00; Bending not provided for in groups B21D5/00 - B21D9/00; Twisting
    • B21D11/22Auxiliary equipment, e.g. positioning devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D53/00Making other particular articles
    • B21D53/02Making other particular articles heat exchangers or parts thereof, e.g. radiators, condensers fins, headers
    • B21D53/022Making the fins

Abstract

The invention discloses bending equipment, which comprises a rack, a bending mechanism and a clamping mechanism, wherein the bending mechanism and the clamping mechanism are arranged on the rack, the bending mechanism is used for bending a workpiece, and the clamping mechanism is used for clamping the workpiece; the bending mechanism comprises a pair of bending arm assemblies, a rotating shaft, a bending driving device and a permanent seat, wherein the bending arm assemblies are symmetrically arranged, the rotating shaft is fixedly connected with the rack, the bending driving device is used for driving the bending arm assemblies to rotate relative to the rotating shaft to bend the workpiece, and the permanent seat is fixedly connected with the rack; the bending driving device comprises bending connecting rods, a sliding table and bending driving assemblies, wherein the sliding table is glidingly connected with the permanent seat, and the bending driving assemblies are used for driving the sliding table to slide relative to the permanent seat; one end of each bending connecting rod is connected with the corresponding bending arm assembly, and the other end of each bending connecting rod is connected with the sliding table; the sliding table is driven to relatively slide through the bending driving assemblies to drive the bending connecting rods to be linked to realize bending of the bending arm assemblies. According to the bending equipment provided by the invention, bending on an evaporator can be automatically finished, so that the work efficiency is greatly increased, the bent evaporator is convenient to transport, and the cost is greatly reduced.

Description

A kind of bending equipment
Technical field
The present invention relates to plant equipment, particularly relate to a kind of bending equipment.
Background technology
Evaporimeter is a kind of dividing wall type heat-exchange apparatus, and its operation principle is: the liquid refrigerant of low-temp low-pressure in the gasification heat absorption of the side of heat conductive wall, thus makes the medium of heat conductive wall opposite side be cooled.Current in the equipment of mechanical compression refrigeration; usually can use the heat-exchanger rig such as condenser, evaporimeter; by the refrigerant loses heat of condenser to HTHP; and then enter and indoor to be absorbed heat by evaporator expansion, thus reach the effect of refrigeration and the radiating effect of heat-exchanger rig will directly have influence on the refrigeration efficiency of whole refrigeration plant.Therefore, evaporimeter is product indispensable in refrigeration industry.
The production process of micro-channel evaporator comprises a lot of operations, shaping evaporimeter is being obtained after multiple working procedure, last technique is bending, but in prior art, especially China is much sold to external evaporimeter is be transported to all over the world, just carries out the processing of bending process, is inconvenient to like this transport, substantially increase the cost of transport, thus increase the cost of enterprise.Therefore, it is the necessary road of China evaporimeter development that evaporimeter completes that bending carries out selling again, but the evaporimeter that existing bending equipment bending obtains is of poor quality, therefore, a kind of automatic bending, makes the measured bending equipment of evaporimeter matter after bending particularly important.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to deficiency of the prior art, provide a kind of bending equipment, energy automation completes the bending to evaporimeter, substantially increases operating efficiency, makes the evaporator transport after bending convenient, thus greatly reduces cost.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention is solved by following technical proposals:
A kind of bending equipment, comprise frame and be arranged in frame for carrying out the bending mechanism of bending and the clamp system of clamping work pieces to workpiece, described bending mechanism comprises the bending arm component be symmetrical set for a pair, the rotating shaft be fixedly connected with frame with drive bending arm component relative rotation axi and rotate the bending drive unit that bending is carried out to workpiece and the holder be fixedly connected with frame, described bending drive unit comprises bending connecting rod, with holder in the slide unit be slidably connected and the bending driven unit driving the relative holder of slide unit to slide, described bending connecting rod one end is connected with bending arm component, the other end is connected with slide unit, slide unit relative sliding is driven by bending driven unit, drive bending connecting rod interlock, realize the bending of bending arm component.
According to the embodiment of the present invention, alternatively, described clamp system comprises guide plate, be arranged on guide plate to workpiece carry out pre-clamping pre-tightening apparatus and carry out just clamping first clamping device and carry out final clamping determine clamping device, the pretension actuator that described pre-tightening apparatus comprises the pretension jaw be rotationally connected with guide plate, the return unit one be connected with pretension jaw and drives pretension jaw to rotate relative to guide plate.
According to the embodiment of the present invention, alternatively, described just clamping device comprises the clamping jaw that is separately positioned on guide plate and drives the clamping actuator of the first clamping work pieces of clamping jaw, and described clamping jaw and guide plate are rotationally connected.
According to the embodiment of the present invention, alternatively, describedly determine clamping device and comprise clamping plate, the skewback device be connected with clamping plate and the push-tight actuator and the described reset guide device determined clamping device and reset of confession that drive skewback device to promote clamping plate clamping work pieces, described skewback device to comprise with guide plate in the skewback one be slidably connected and the skewback two be connected with clamping plate, described skewback one is provided with inclined-plane one, described skewback two is provided with the inclined-plane two corresponding with inclined-plane one, described push-tight actuator drives described skewback one to move along the direction perpendicular with clamping direction, skewback two is driven to move along clamping direction together with clamping plate, realize clamping plate clamping work pieces.
According to the embodiment of the present invention, alternatively, also comprise the first jockey connecting described clamp system and described bending mechanism, described first jockey comprises with the Connection Block that described bending mechanism is fixedly linked and the first drive unit driving the relative described bending mechanism of described clamp system vertically to move and supplies the relatively described bending mechanism of described clamp system to carry out the second carriage of vertical direction slip, described first drive unit comprises the connecting rod be connected with described clamp system, drive the first actuator that the relative Connection Block of connecting rod vertically slides.
According to the embodiment of the present invention, alternatively, also connect the second jockey of described clamp system and described bending mechanism, described second jockey comprises the slip resetting means carried out resetting in the 3rd carriage that carries out horizontal direction slip for described clamp system relatively described bending mechanism and the position for the relative described bending mechanism of described clamp system, described 3rd carriage comprises the guide rail three be fixedly linked with described bending mechanism and the slide block three be slidably matched with guide rail three, and described slide block three is fixedly connected with described clamp system; Described slip resetting means comprises reset drives part.
According to the embodiment of the present invention, alternatively, also comprise the centering body for carrying out centering to workpiece, described centering body to comprise with frame in the centering gripper shoe be slidably connected, is arranged in pairs in the centering assembly in centering gripper shoe and drives centering assembly to carry out the centering drive unit of centering to workpiece, described centering assembly comprises centering piece, described centering drive unit comprise with the centering link assembly that centering gripper shoe is connected, be connected with frame to shaft and the centering actuator driving the relative centering axis of rotation of centering link assembly.
According to the embodiment of the present invention, alternatively, described centering assembly also comprises the centering adjusting device of fine setting centering piece along the movement of centering direction, described centering adjusting device comprises regulating part for finely tuning described centering piece, for locking the locking member of described centering piece and measuring the measurement components of fine setting distance, described locking member is connected with centering gripper shoe.
According to the embodiment of the present invention, alternatively, also comprise plectrum device, described plectrum device comprise plectrum wheel assembly and drive plectrum wheel assembly near or leave the plectrum driven unit of workpiece, described plectrum wheel assembly comprises plectrum wheel and drives plectrum wheel workpiece to be carried out to the plectrum wheel drive unit of plectrum from top to bottom.
According to the embodiment of the present invention, alternatively, also comprise plug mechanism, described plug mechanism comprises the plug holder assembly of plug for inserting workpiece medium position and stationary core rod, the plug actuator that described plug holder assembly comprises the plug upper fixed seat that is connected with frame and plug lower fixed seat, the plug positioning sleeve be connected with plug upper fixed seat or plug lower fixed seat and drives plug positioning sleeve to position plug.
The present invention obtains following beneficial effect:
(1) bending mechanism of the present invention, realize the bending of workpiece, automation mechanized operation, working (machining) efficiency is high, and the micro-channel evaporator quality that bending obtains is good, facilitates the transport of evaporimeter, greatly reduces the cost of transport, improves operating efficiency; (2) workpiece of the present invention's processing is clamped by clamp system of the present invention, by pre-clamping device by workpiece upper end pretension, prevent workpiece landing from falling down, again by the top and bottom of the first clamping work pieces of first clamping device, final clamping and positioning is carried out finally by determining clamping device, workpiece is firmly clamped on bending mechanism, for Forging Process is prepared, greatly provides the precision of bending; (3) bending equipment of the present invention, is provided with plug mechanism, within the workpiece portion, and namely bending position place inserts plug, ensures the R angle of workpiece bending; (4) after completing the clamping of workpiece, by centering body of the present invention, centering is carried out to workpiece, ensure the accuracy of trade union college, and centering body of the present invention can also carry out the centering position of finely tuning workpiece, substantially increase the precision of workpiece centering, thus ensure the precision of bending; (5) the present invention is also provided with at corresponding workpiece medium position place plectrum device workpiece being carried out to plectrum, before bending, first plectrum is carried out to workpiece, obtain the fin with certain angle, carry out the preparation before bending, be out of shape little in guarantee Forging Process, the workpiece quality after bending obtains is good.
Additional aspect of the present invention and advantage will part provide in the following description, and part will become obvious from the following description, or be recognized by practice of the present invention.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing described herein is used to provide a further understanding of the present invention, and form a application's part, schematic description and description of the present invention, for explaining the present invention, does not form inappropriate limitation of the present invention.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of bending equipment embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation before the bending of a kind of bending equipment embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation after the bending of a kind of bending equipment embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation one of clamp system of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the close-up schematic view at A place in Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation two of clamp system of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation three of clamp system of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of centering body of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the upward view of centering body of the present invention;
Figure 10 is the top view of centering body of the present invention;
Figure 11 is the close-up schematic view at B place in Figure 10;
Figure 12 is the structural representation one of plug mechanism of the present invention;
Figure 13 is the structural representation two of plug mechanism of the present invention;
Figure 14 is the structural representation one of plectrum device of the present invention;
Figure 15 is the structural representation two of plectrum device of the present invention;
Figure 16 is the structural representation of bending mechanism of the present invention;
Figure 17 is the structural representation before bending mechanism bending of the present invention;
Figure 18 is the structural representation after bending mechanism bending of the present invention.
Mark illustrates: 100-frame, 200-bending mechanism, 201-bending arm component, 202-rotating shaft, 203-bending drive unit, 204-holder, 2031-bending connecting rod, 2032-slide unit, 2033-bending driven unit, 2034-guide rail one, 2035-slide block one, 2036-motor one, 2037-driving wheel one, 2038-driven pulley one, 2039-belt one, 20310-screw mandrel one, 300-clamp system, 301-guide plate, 1-pre-tightening apparatus, 11-pretension jaw, 12-return unit one, 13-pretension actuator, 2-is clamping device just, 21-clamps jaw, 22-clamps actuator, 211-support portion, 212-stopper, 3-determines clamping device, 31-clamping plate, 32-skewback device, 321-skewback one, 322-skewback two, 3211-inclined-plane one, 3221-inclined-plane two, 33-push-tight actuator, 34-reset guide device, 341-lead, 342-return unit two, 35-the 4th carriage, 351-guide rail four, 352-slide block four, 4-first jockey 4 connects, 41-Connection Block, 42-first drive unit, 421-connecting rod, 422-handwheel, 43-second carriage, 431-guide rail two, 432-slide block two, 5-second jockey, 51-the 3rd carriage, 511-guide rail three, 512-slide block three, 52-reset drives part, 400-centering body, 401-centering gripper shoe, 402-centering assembly, 4021-centering piece, 4022-centering adjusting device, 4023-regulating part, 4024-locking member, 4025-gage, 4026-dial, 4027-centering push rod, 403-centering drive unit, 4031-centering link assembly, 4032-to shaft, 4033-centering actuator, 404-the 5th carriage, 4041-guide rail five, 4042-slide block five, 500-plug mechanism, 501-plug, 502-plug holder assembly, 5021-plug upper fixed seat, 5022-plug lower fixed seat, 5023-plug positioning sleeve, 5024-plug actuator.5025-guide rail six, 5026-slide block six; 600-plectrum device, 601-plectrum wheel assembly, 602-plectrum driven unit, 6011-plectrum is taken turns, 6012-plectrum wheel installing rack, 6013-plectrum wheeling supporting frame, 6014-plectrum wheel drive unit, 6015-guide rail seven, 6016-slide block seven, 60141-motor two, 60142-driving wheel two, 60143-driven pulley two, 60144-belt two, 60145-screw mandrel two, 700-grating assembly.
Detailed description of the invention
For making the object of the embodiment of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearly, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing of the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme of the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described.Obviously, described embodiment is a part of embodiment of the present invention, instead of whole embodiments.Based on described embodiments of the invention, the every other embodiment that those of ordinary skill in the art obtain under without the need to the prerequisite of creative work, all belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
In describing the invention, it will be appreciated that, term " " center ", " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", " length ", " width ", " thickness ", " on ", D score, " front ", " afterwards ", " left side ", " right side ", " vertically ", " level ", " top ", " end " " interior ", " outward ", " clockwise ", orientation or the position relationship of the instruction such as " counterclockwise " are based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, only the present invention for convenience of description and simplified characterization, instead of indicate or imply that the device of indication or element must have specific orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore limitation of the present invention can not be interpreted as.
In addition, term " first ", " second " only for describing object, and can not be interpreted as instruction or hint relative importance or imply the quantity indicating indicated technical characteristic.Thus, be limited with " first ", the feature of " second " can express or impliedly comprise one or more these features.In describing the invention, the implication of " multiple " is two or more, unless otherwise expressly limited specifically.
In the present invention, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, the term such as term " installation ", " being connected ", " connection ", " fixing " should be interpreted broadly, and such as, can be fixedly connected with, also can be removably connect, or connect integratedly; Can be mechanical connection, also can be electrical connection; Can be directly be connected, also indirectly can be connected by intermediary, can be the connection of two element internals.For the ordinary skill in the art, above-mentioned term concrete meaning in the present invention can be understood as the case may be.
In the present invention, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, fisrt feature second feature it " on " or D score can comprise the first and second features and directly contact, also can comprise the first and second features and not be directly contact but by the other characterisation contact between them.And, fisrt feature second feature " on ", " top " and " above " comprise fisrt feature directly over second feature and oblique upper, or only represent that fisrt feature level height is higher than second feature.Fisrt feature second feature " under ", " below " and " below " comprise fisrt feature immediately below second feature and tiltedly below, or only represent that fisrt feature level height is less than second feature.
Unless otherwise defined, technical term used herein or scientific terminology should be in field belonging to the present invention the ordinary meaning that the personage with general technical ability understands." first ", " second " that use in patent application specification of the present invention and claims and similar word do not represent any order, quantity or importance, and are only used to distinguish different parts.Equally, the similar word such as " " or " " does not represent that quantity limits yet, but represents to there is at least one.
As shown in figures 1 to 6, as embodiments of the invention, a kind of bending equipment, comprise frame 100 and be arranged in frame 100 for carrying out the bending mechanism 200 of bending and the clamp system 300 of clamping work pieces to workpiece, in the present embodiment, workpiece is micro-channel evaporator, described clamp system 300 comprises the guide plate 301 be connected with bending mechanism 200, be arranged on guide plate 301 pairs of workpiece carry out pre-clamping pre-tightening apparatus 1 and carry out just clamping first clamping device 2 and carry out final clamping determine clamping device 3, clamp system 300 of the present invention is by clamping in advance workpiece, after being just clamped to final clamping, workpiece is firmly clamped, for next step is ready to workpiece bending, ensure the stability in Forging Process, bending is effective.
In the present embodiment, when workpiece is positioned on the bearing of frame 100, as shown in Figure 4, the pre-tightening apparatus 1 workpiece being carried out to pre-clamping is provided with on guide plate 301 top, pre-tightening apparatus 1 of the present invention comprises the pretension jaw 11 be rotationally connected with guide plate 301, pretension jaw 11 is driven to rotate certain angle relative to guide plate 301 by pretension actuator 13, by workpiece upper end pretension, prevent workpiece landing from falling down, pretension actuator 13 of the present invention is cylinder preferably, certainly other dynamical elements are also applicable to the present invention, when discharging workpieces, cylinder unclamps, the return unit be connected with pretension jaw 11 one 12 pairs of pretension jaws 11 reset, return unit 1 of the present invention is spring preferably, in pre-clamping process, return unit 1 is in extended state, after cylinder unclamps, the elastic force of return unit 1 resets to pretension jaw 11.
Workpiece after pre-clamping, tilt to lean against on clamping plate 31 at an angle, just clamping is carried out again by first clamping device 2, just clamping device 2 of the present invention comprises the clamping jaw 21 clamped workpiece, for ensureing the reliability of just clamping, therefore clamping jaw 21 is provided with respectively in guide plate 301 upper and lower, the top and bottom of workpiece are carried out just clamping, described clamping jaw 21 is rotationally connected with guide plate 301, clamping jaw 21 is driven to rotate certain angle relative to guide plate 301 by clamping actuator 22, workpiece is carried out just clamping, clamping actuator 22 of the present invention is cylinder preferably, certainly other dynamical elements are also applicable to the present invention.The clamping jaw 21 of the present embodiment, is provided with the support portion 211 of support workpiece and carries out spacing stopper 212 to workpiece.
Workpiece after first clamping leans against on clamping plate 31, final clamping is carried out again by determining clamping device 3, determine clamping device 3 comprise clamping plate 31 by described, the skewback device 32 be connected with clamping plate 31 and the push-tight actuator 33 and the described reset guide device 34 determined clamping device 3 and reset of confession that drive skewback device 32 to promote clamping plate 31 clamping work pieces, described skewback device 32 comprises the skewback 2 322 be connected in the skewback 1 be slidably connected with clamping plate 31 with guide plate 301, described skewback 1 is provided with inclined-plane 1, described skewback 2 322 is provided with the inclined-plane two 3221 corresponding with inclined-plane 1, described push-tight actuator 33 drives described skewback 1 to move along the direction perpendicular with clamping direction, because inclined-plane 1 contacts with inclined-plane with the inclined-plane 2 3221 of skewback 2 322, therefore described skewback 1 is along in the direction motion process perpendicular with clamping direction, skewback 2 322 is driven to move along clamping direction together with clamping plate 31, clamping plate 31 is near the stopper 212 of clamping jaw 21, by Workpiece clamping.In the present embodiment, described skewback 1 is connected with guide plate 301 by the 4th carriage, preferably the 4th carriage 35 comprises the guide rail 4 351 be connected with guide plate 301 and the slide block 4 352 be arranged on bottom skewback 1, under the driving of push-tight actuator 33, skewback 1 relatively guide plate 301 slides, and the setting of skewback device 32 is the compactedness in order to improve present device; Push-tight actuator 33 of the present invention is cylinder preferably, and other dynamical elements are also applicable to the present invention certainly.
As shown in Figure 5, when discharging workpieces, push-tight actuator 33 unclamps, the reset guide device be connected with clamping plate 31 34 pairs of clamping plates 31 reset, reset guide device 34 of the present invention comprises and is arranged on lead 341 on clamping plate 31 and return unit 2 342, return unit 2 342 of the present invention is spring preferably, determine in clamping process, return unit 2 342 is in compressive state, after cylinder unclamps, the elastic force that return unit 2 342 extends resets to clamping plate 31, and lead 341 one end be provided with is connected with clamping plate 31, the other end is connected with return unit 2 342, play the effect of guiding.
The present invention carries out bending by bending mechanism 200 pairs of workpiece, clamp system 300 auxiliary clamp workpiece, therefore, clamp system 300 is connected with bending mechanism 200, in the present embodiment, described clamp system 300 relatively bending mechanism 200 motion is vertically connected by the first jockey 4, the Connection Block 41 that described first jockey 4 comprises with described bending mechanism 200 is fixedly linked and the first drive unit 42 driving the relative described bending mechanism 200 of described clamp system 300 vertically to move and the second carriage 43 carrying out vertical direction slip for the relatively described bending mechanism 200 of described clamp system 300, the Connection Block 41 of the embodiment of the present invention is arranged, lower two, described first drive unit 42 comprises the connecting rod 421 be connected with described clamp system 300, the connecting rod 421 of the present embodiment is preferably screw rod, Connection Block 41 is provided with internal thread, match with connecting rod 421, the relative Connection Block 41 of connecting rod 421 is driven vertically to move by the first actuator, because the guide rail 2 431 of bending mechanism 200 and the second carriage 43 is fixedly linked, the slide block 2 432 be slidably matched with guide rail 2 431 is connected with clamp system 300, therefore, under the driving vertically of the first actuator, realize clamp system 30 bending mechanism 200 adjustment vertically relatively.In the present embodiment, the preferential handwheel 422 as shown in Figure 6 of first actuator, it can certainly be other dynamical element, handwheel 422 is arranged on bottom, conveniently operate, on the other hand, after being regulated by handwheel 422 pairs of clamp systems 300 on the one hand, handwheel 422 can also be taken off, the clamping of workpiece of being more convenient for.
In the present embodiment, described clamp system 300 is carrying out in Forging Process along with bending mechanism 200, rotate in the horizontal direction and realize bending, therefore be also provided with the second jockey 5 at clamp system 300 and bending mechanism 200, described second jockey 5 comprises the 3rd carriage 51 and reset drives part 52, described 3rd carriage 51 comprises the guide rail 3 511 be fixedly linked with described bending mechanism 200 and the slide block 3 512 be slidably matched with guide rail 3 511, described slide block 3 512 is fixedly connected with described clamp system 300, bending mechanism 200 is when carrying out bending to workpiece, clamp system 300 can move on bending arm component according to the distortion of workpiece, object is to allow workpiece freely stretch in Forging Process, deflection is little, therefore the 3rd carriage 51 is provided with, for the motion of auxiliary clamp mechanism 300.After bending completes, clamp system 300 unclamps successively, and bending mechanism 200 resets, and gets back to horizontal level, manually takes off workpiece.Bending mechanism 200 is in reseting procedure, clamp system 300 equally needs to reset, and in the present embodiment, drives clamp system 300 to complete reset by reset drives part 52, the reset drives part 52 preferably cylinder of the present embodiment, other powered drive element are also applicable to the present invention.
After clamping work pieces, centering need be carried out to workpiece, ensure the accuracy that workpiece is placed, for follow-up bending is prepared.In the present embodiment, as illustrated in figs. 8-11, described centering body 400 comprises with frame 100 in the centering gripper shoe 401 be slidably connected, be arranged in pairs in the centering assembly 402 in centering gripper shoe 401 and drive centering assembly 402 pairs of workpiece to carry out the centering drive unit 403 of centering, the centering assembly 402 of the present embodiment comprises centering piece 4021, the centering drive unit 403 of the present embodiment comprises the centering link assembly 4031 be connected with centering gripper shoe 401, be connected with frame 100 to shaft 4032 and drive centering link assembly 4031 relative to the centering actuator 4033 rotated shaft 4032, in the present embodiment, centering gripper shoe 401 is connected with frame 100 by the 5th carriage 404, described 5th carriage 404 comprises the guide rail 5 4041 be fixedly connected with frame 100 and the slide block 5 4042 be arranged in centering gripper shoe 401 matched with guide rail 5 4041, centering actuator 4033 of the present invention is centering cylinder preferably, centering air cylinder driven centering link assembly 4031 pairs of shafts 4032 rotate and link, the relative frame 100 of centering gripper shoe 401 is driven to slide, realize centering piece 4021 and carry out centering from both sides to workpiece.
In the present embodiment, for carrying out accurate centering to workpiece further, described centering assembly 402 also comprises the centering adjusting device 4022 of fine setting centering piece 4021 along the movement of centering direction as shown in figure 11, described centering adjusting device 4022 comprises the regulating part 4023 for finely tuning described centering piece 4021, for locking the locking member 4024 of described centering piece 4021 and measuring the measurement components of fine setting distance, in the present embodiment, measurement components comprises the gage 4025 be arranged in centering gripper shoe 401 and the dial 4026 be arranged on centering piece 4021, the preferred regulating part 4023 of the present embodiment is regulating handle, centering piece 4021 and regulating handle are also connected by centering push rod 4027, the position of centering piece 4021 is regulated by stirring regulating handle, and reading is read by gage 4025 and dial 4026, when being adjusted to desired position, by described locking member 4024, centering piece 4021 is locked in centering gripper shoe 401.The centering piece 4021 of the present embodiment contacts with face with workpiece, and contact area is large, greatly improves the precision of centering.
As illustrated by figs. 12-13, in the present embodiment, also comprise plug mechanism 500, the plug mechanism 500 of the present embodiment comprises the plug holder assembly 502 of plug 501 for inserting workpiece and evaporimeter medium position and stationary core rod 501, the plug actuator 5024 that described plug holder assembly 502 comprises the plug upper fixed seat 5021 that is connected with frame 100 and plug lower fixed seat 5022, the plug positioning sleeve 5023 be connected with plug upper fixed seat 5021 and drives plug positioning sleeve 5023 pairs of plugs 501 to position.In the present embodiment, described plug upper fixed seat 5021 is provided with guide rail 6 5025, plug positioning sleeve 5023 is provided with slide block 6 5026, after workpiece is put well, first plug 501 to manually be inserted, follow-up automation processing just can be carried out after having inserted plug 501, first manually hold plug 501 lower end aligned plug lower fixed seat 5022 properly, then plug upper fixed seat 5021 is inserted in plug 501 upper end, press the button of plug actuator 5024, plug actuator 5024 drives the plug positioning sleeve 5023 on top to entangle plug 501, object is that plug 501 can not be moved in Forging Process.The object that the present invention inserts plug 501 is the R angle ensureing bending workpieces bending, takes out plug 501 after bending terminates with product and workpiece evaporimeter.
As shown in figs. 14-15, also comprise the plectrum device 600 workpiece being carried out to plectrum, described plectrum device 600, comprise plectrum wheel assembly 601 and drive plectrum wheel assembly 601 near or leave the plectrum driven unit 602 of workpiece, described plectrum wheel assembly 601 comprises plectrum wheel 6011, plectrum wheel installing rack 6012, plectrum wheeling supporting frame 6013 and drives plectrum wheel 6011 workpiece to be carried out to the plectrum wheel drive unit 6014 of plectrum from top to bottom.In the present embodiment, as shown in figure 14, described plectrum wheel installing rack 6012 is connected with plectrum wheeling supporting frame 6013 by the 7th carriage, and preferably the 7th carriage comprises the guide rail 7 6015 that is connected with plectrum wheeling supporting frame 6013 and is arranged on plectrum and takes turns slide block 7 6016 on installing rack 6012 sidepiece, plectrum wheel drive unit 6014 comprises motor 2 60141, the driving wheel 2 60142 be connected with motor 2 60141 output shaft, the driven pulley 2 60143 matched with driving wheel 2 60142, the screw mandrel 2 60145 connecting driving wheel 2 60142 and the belt 2 60144 of driven pulley 2 60143 and be connected with driven pulley 2 60143, described plectrum wheel installing rack 6012 is connected with screw mandrel 2 60145, drive belt 2 60144 relative to rotating by motor 2 60141, screw mandrel 2 60145 is driven to rotate, plectrum wheel installing rack 6012 relatively plectrum wheeling supporting frame 6013 carries out rectilinear motion, plectrum wheel 6011 is driven to move from top to bottom, realize the plectrum to workpiece.Plectrum driven unit 602 of the present invention is plectrum cylinder preferably, in the present embodiment, the operation principle of plectrum device 600: original state, plectrum wheel 6011 is topmost, plectrum cylinder is fallback state, when being plugged plug and after product centering, plectrum cylinder stretches out, it is 6011 downward that motor 2 60141 drives screw mandrel 2 60145 under the guiding of precise linear guide 7 6015, drive plectrum to take turns, realize product plectrum, carry out the preparation before bending, after plectrum completes, plectrum cylinder retreats, and plectrum wheel 6011 is elevated to original state.
As shown in figs. 16-18, the bending mechanism 200 of the present embodiment comprises the bending arm component 201 be symmetrical set for a pair, the rotating shaft 202 be fixedly connected with frame 100 with drive bending arm component 201 relative rotation axi 202 and rotate the bending drive unit 203 that bending is carried out to workpiece and the holder 204 be fixedly connected with frame 100, described bending drive unit 203 comprises bending connecting rod 2031, with holder 204 in the slide unit 2032 be slidably connected and the bending driven unit 2033 driving the relative holder 204 of slide unit 2032 to slide, described bending connecting rod 2031 one end is connected with bending arm component 201, the other end is connected with slide unit 2032, slide unit 2032 relative sliding is driven by bending driven unit 2033, drive bending connecting rod 2031 interlock, bending arm component 201 rotates, bending is carried out to workpiece, the workpiece of the present embodiment is micro-channel evaporator, namely bending is carried out to evaporimeter, convenient transport, and the processing of automation, substantially increase operating efficiency, the bending of large 170 ° of angles can be completed.
In the present embodiment, as shown in figure 16, described slide unit 2032 is connected with holder 204 by the first carriage, and preferably the first carriage comprises the guide rail 1 be connected with holder 204 and the slide block 1 be arranged on bottom slide unit 2032, described bending driven unit 2033 comprises motor 1, the driving wheel 1 be connected with motor 1 output shaft, the driven pulley 1 matched with driving wheel 1, the screw mandrel 1 connecting driving wheel 1 and the belt 1 of driven pulley 1 and be connected with driven pulley 1, described slide unit 2032 is connected with screw mandrel 1, drive belt 1 relative to rotating by motor 1, screw mandrel 1 is driven to rotate, slide unit 2032 relatively holder 204 carries out rectilinear motion, be connected with slide unit 2032 owing to driving one end of bending connecting rod 2031, bending connecting rod 2031 moves, bending arm component 201 is driven to move, bending arm component 201 is under the driving of motor 1, before bending as shown in figure 17, after bending as shown in figure 18, realize the bending of evaporimeter.
For improving bending equipment of the present invention security in operation, therefore being also provided with grating assembly 700 in frame 100 side, mainly shielding when bending; prevent accident; when in automatic Forging Process, there is shelter in grating assembly 70 scope, automatically will stop bending.
Bending equipment of the present invention, is controlled by control system, realizes automation processing, substantially increases operating efficiency and saved cost.
Last it is noted that above embodiment is only in order to illustrate technical scheme of the present invention, be not intended to limit; Although with reference to previous embodiment to invention has been detailed description, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that: it still can be modified to the technical scheme described in foregoing embodiments, or carries out equivalent replacement to wherein portion of techniques feature; And these amendments or replacement, do not make the essence of appropriate technical solution depart from the scope of various embodiments of the present invention technical scheme.
In a word, the foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, all equalizations done according to the present patent application the scope of the claims change and modify, and all should belong to the covering scope of patent of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a bending equipment, it is characterized in that: comprise frame and be arranged in frame for carrying out the bending mechanism of bending and the clamp system of clamping work pieces to workpiece, described bending mechanism comprises the bending arm component be symmetrical set for a pair, the rotating shaft be fixedly connected with frame with drive bending arm component relative rotation axi and rotate the bending drive unit that bending is carried out to workpiece and the holder be fixedly connected with frame, described bending drive unit comprises bending connecting rod, with holder in the slide unit be slidably connected and the bending driven unit driving the relative holder of slide unit to slide, described bending connecting rod one end is connected with bending arm component, the other end is connected with slide unit, slide unit relative sliding is driven by bending driven unit, drive bending connecting rod interlock, realize the bending of bending arm component.
2. bending equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described clamp system comprises guide plate, be arranged on guide plate to workpiece carry out pre-clamping pre-tightening apparatus and carry out just clamping first clamping device and carry out final clamping determine clamping device, the pretension actuator that described pre-tightening apparatus comprises the pretension jaw be rotationally connected with guide plate, the return unit one be connected with pretension jaw and drives pretension jaw to rotate relative to guide plate.
3. bending equipment according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described just clamping device comprises the clamping jaw be separately positioned on guide plate and the clamping actuator driving the first clamping work pieces of clamping jaw, and described clamping jaw and guide plate are rotationally connected.
4. bending equipment according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: describedly determine clamping device and comprise clamping plate, the skewback device be connected with clamping plate and the push-tight actuator and the described reset guide device determined clamping device and reset of confession that drive skewback device to promote clamping plate clamping work pieces, described skewback device to comprise with guide plate in the skewback one be slidably connected and the skewback two be connected with clamping plate, described skewback one is provided with inclined-plane one, described skewback two is provided with the inclined-plane two corresponding with inclined-plane one, described push-tight actuator drives described skewback one to move along the direction perpendicular with clamping direction, skewback two is driven to move along clamping direction together with clamping plate, realize clamping plate clamping work pieces.
5. the bending equipment according to any one of claim 1-4, it is characterized in that: also comprise the first jockey connecting described clamp system and described bending mechanism, described first jockey comprises with the Connection Block that described bending mechanism is fixedly linked and the first drive unit driving the relative described bending mechanism of described clamp system vertically to move and supplies the relatively described bending mechanism of described clamp system to carry out the second carriage of vertical direction slip, described first drive unit comprises the connecting rod be connected with described clamp system, drive the first actuator that the relative Connection Block of connecting rod vertically slides.
6. bending equipment according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: the second jockey also connecting described clamp system and described bending mechanism, described second jockey comprises the slip resetting means carried out resetting in the 3rd carriage that carries out horizontal direction slip for described clamp system relatively described bending mechanism and the position for the relative described bending mechanism of described clamp system, described 3rd carriage comprises the guide rail three be fixedly linked with described bending mechanism and the slide block three be slidably matched with guide rail three, and described slide block three is fixedly connected with described clamp system; Described slip resetting means comprises reset drives part.
7. the bending equipment according to claim 1 or 6, it is characterized in that: also comprise the centering body for carrying out centering to workpiece, described centering body to comprise with frame in the centering gripper shoe be slidably connected, is arranged in pairs in the centering assembly in centering gripper shoe and drives centering assembly to carry out the centering drive unit of centering to workpiece, described centering assembly comprises centering piece, described centering drive unit comprise with the centering link assembly that centering gripper shoe is connected, be connected with frame to shaft and the centering actuator driving the relative centering axis of rotation of centering link assembly.
8. bending equipment according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: described centering assembly also comprises the centering adjusting device of fine setting centering piece along the movement of centering direction, described centering adjusting device comprises regulating part for finely tuning described centering piece, for locking the locking member of described centering piece and measuring the measurement components of fine setting distance, described locking member is connected with centering gripper shoe.
9. bending equipment according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: also comprise plectrum device, described plectrum device comprise plectrum wheel assembly and drive plectrum wheel assembly near or leave the plectrum driven unit of workpiece, described plectrum wheel assembly comprises plectrum wheel and drives plectrum wheel workpiece to be carried out to the plectrum wheel drive unit of plectrum from top to bottom.
10. bending equipment according to claim 9, it is characterized in that: also comprise plug mechanism, described plug mechanism comprises the plug holder assembly of plug for inserting workpiece medium position and stationary core rod, the plug actuator that described plug holder assembly comprises the plug upper fixed seat that is connected with frame and plug lower fixed seat, the plug positioning sleeve be connected with plug upper fixed seat or plug lower fixed seat and drives plug positioning sleeve to position plug.
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Cited By (5)

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CN105880334A (en) * 2016-04-07 2016-08-24 江阴创博机械制造有限公司 Universal device for various automobile muffler suspended flexible bends
CN106944513A (en) * 2017-05-09 2017-07-14 东莞希思克传动科技有限公司 A kind of evaporator core bending equipment and its bending method
CN107597922A (en) * 2017-09-05 2018-01-19 浙江长兴和良智能装备有限公司 A kind of bending equipment
CN109317581A (en) * 2018-08-22 2019-02-12 宁波指南针软件有限公司 A kind of tweezer tablet double end Synchronous Bending machine
CN110871223A (en) * 2019-11-29 2020-03-10 赵大为 Profile steel metal guide rail shaping processing machine and shaping processing method

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CN102441594A (en) * 2012-01-06 2012-05-09 中山市奥美森工业技术有限公司 Bending machine
CN103736797A (en) * 2013-12-30 2014-04-23 浙江兴宇汽车零部件有限公司 Multi-functional stretch bending forming device of guide rails
CN203725546U (en) * 2013-12-30 2014-07-23 常州博万达汽车安全设备有限公司 Safety belt winder frame forming device

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DE4419418A1 (en) * 1994-06-03 1995-12-07 Goetz Metall Anlagen Metal pipe bending machine with displaceable bending head
JP2004243409A (en) * 2003-02-12 2004-09-02 Ishihara Tekko:Kk Headrest core metal bending machine
CN201644591U (en) * 2010-04-28 2010-11-24 三花丹佛斯(杭州)微通道换热器有限公司 Bending equipment of heat exchanger
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CN103736797A (en) * 2013-12-30 2014-04-23 浙江兴宇汽车零部件有限公司 Multi-functional stretch bending forming device of guide rails
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105880334A (en) * 2016-04-07 2016-08-24 江阴创博机械制造有限公司 Universal device for various automobile muffler suspended flexible bends
CN105880334B (en) * 2016-04-07 2017-10-31 江阴创博机械制造有限公司 A variety of mobile mufflers hang flexible elbow common apparatus
CN106944513A (en) * 2017-05-09 2017-07-14 东莞希思克传动科技有限公司 A kind of evaporator core bending equipment and its bending method
CN106944513B (en) * 2017-05-09 2019-03-19 东莞希思克传动科技有限公司 A kind of evaporator core bending equipment and its bending method
CN107597922A (en) * 2017-09-05 2018-01-19 浙江长兴和良智能装备有限公司 A kind of bending equipment
CN109985941A (en) * 2017-09-05 2019-07-09 浙江长兴和良智能装备有限公司 A kind of bending equipment
CN109317581A (en) * 2018-08-22 2019-02-12 宁波指南针软件有限公司 A kind of tweezer tablet double end Synchronous Bending machine
CN109317581B (en) * 2018-08-22 2020-11-06 苏建华 Tweezers piece double-end synchronous bending machine
CN110871223A (en) * 2019-11-29 2020-03-10 赵大为 Profile steel metal guide rail shaping processing machine and shaping processing method

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