CN104625759A - Vertical machining center and adjustment method thereof - Google Patents

Vertical machining center and adjustment method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104625759A
CN104625759A CN201410853620.XA CN201410853620A CN104625759A CN 104625759 A CN104625759 A CN 104625759A CN 201410853620 A CN201410853620 A CN 201410853620A CN 104625759 A CN104625759 A CN 104625759A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
column
base
vertical
bolt
plane
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410853620.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
华君喜
董文平
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
YANTAI MAINLAND NC MACHINE TOOL Co Ltd
Original Assignee
YANTAI MAINLAND NC MACHINE TOOL Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by YANTAI MAINLAND NC MACHINE TOOL Co Ltd filed Critical YANTAI MAINLAND NC MACHINE TOOL Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410853620.XA priority Critical patent/CN104625759A/en
Publication of CN104625759A publication Critical patent/CN104625759A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/01Frames, beds, pillars or like members; Arrangement of ways
    • B23Q1/015Frames, beds, pillars
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q17/00Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools

Abstract

The invention relates to a vertical machining center. The vertical machining center comprises a vertical column and a base, wherein the base is provided with a slide base and a workbench. The vertical machining center is characterized in that the vertical column is arranged behind the base and is fixedly connected with the base through bolts; the bottom surface of the vertical column and the bottom surface of the base are on a same basic mounting surface. The invention also provides a mounting adjustment method which comprises the steps 1, the base is mounted and aligned; 2, the vertical column is rough located; 3, the perpendicularity of the vertical column in a plane YZ is aligned; 4, the perpendicularity of the vertical column in a plane XY is aligned; 5, each part of the vertical column is fixed. According to the vertical machining center and the adjustment method thereof, the assembly difficulty and the labor intensity are reduced effectively, the transportation expenses and the installation and debugging expenses are saved, and the machine precision maintenance and repair are facilitated.

Description

A kind of vertical machining centre and method of adjustment thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of vertical machining centre and method of adjustment thereof, belong to machine tool field.
Background technology
The column of vertical machining centre or CNC milling machine and the usual structure of base are up-down structure, and column is arranged on base, and the perpendicularity scraping faying face between the two of column and work top has come.Want the degree control (national standard) within 0.007/300mm by column and work top, need through slightly scraping, half essence scraped, the adjustment of complete machine precision time the multiple working procedure such as accurate scraping, and can because the impact of tool magazine weight, and directly cause the perpendicularity of column guide rail level relative to workbench in XY plane overproof after tool magazine is installed.In order to eliminate tool magazine install after impact on precision, reserve certain pre-deviator in advance, but due to the change of the factors such as tool magazine weight, column material, stress deformation, there is very large parameter in pre-allowance, often exceed expected value, increase workload, workload increases along with the increase of lathe model forms geometry level, the set-up time and expense increase larger.Simultaneously, for large-scale vertical machining center (X, Y stroke exceeds 2000mm, 1000mm respectively), need to disassemble lathe and ressemble in complete machine transport and installation and debugging process, this professional and technical personnel needing technical ability higher just can complete, and adds the sales service expense of lathe.The stress deformation of each basic part of lathe or local accuracy lose, and just need to carry out after entirety disassembles to lathe, and scraping again, installation, Precision adjustment, extremely bother.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to the deficiency that above-mentioned existing technologies exists, a kind of vertical machining centre and method of adjustment thereof are provided.
The technical scheme that the present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above is as follows: a kind of vertical machining centre, comprise column and base, described base is provided with slide and workbench, the rear portion of described base is located at by described column, and be bolted to connection with described base, the bottom surface of described column and base is on same installation foundation face.
Described vertical machining centre, the rear portion of described base is provided with the installation base be connected with described column, and described boss comprises plane A and trailing flank B; The front portion of described column is provided with suitable " L " type breach that falls with described installation base, described fall the fitting with the upper plane A of described boss and trailing flank B respectively with side above of " L " type breach; Vertical regulation fixing apparatus is provided with described plane A junction at described " L " type breach; Horizontal adjustment fixture is provided with in described " L " type breach and described plane B junction.
Described vertical machining centre, described horizontal adjustment fixture comprises horizontal adjusting bolt and horizontal set bolt; Described vertical regulation fixing apparatus comprises vertical adjustment bolt and vertical anchor bolt; Described horizontal adjusting bolt is for adjusting the perpendicularity of described column in YZ plane; Described vertical adjustment bolt is for adjusting the perpendicularity of described column in XY plane.
Described vertical machining centre, described column comprises bottom and top, described bottom comprises symmetrically arranged left support portion and right support portion, and domes are formed at described left support portion and right support portion and top, and described left support portion is fixedly connected with described base respectively with right support portion.
Described vertical machining centre, the rear bottom of described column is also provided with pillar stand tail guiding mechanism, and described guiding mechanism comprises adjustment parallels, lower margin adjustment bolt and lower margin set bolt.
The present invention also provides a kind of installation adjusting method of vertical machining centre to comprise vertical machining centre as described in any one of Claims 1 to 5, and its step is as follows:
1), centering base level base is fixed in mounting foundation, base is installed slide and workbench, column is established square chi and amesdial;
2) " L " the type breach that, fallen by column suits with upper plane A and trailing flank B and realizes column coarse positioning;
3), by regulating vertical adjustment bolt centering column in the perpendicularity of YZ plane; And numerical value when checking that micrometer moves up and down along square chi is within the scope of predetermined tolerance, then locks and vertically adjusts bolt;
4), by regulating horizontal adjusting bolt centering column in the perpendicularity of XY plane; And numerical value when checking that micrometer moves along square chi is within the scope of predetermined tolerance, then locks horizontal adjusting bolt;
5) vertical anchor bolt and horizontal set bolt, is utilized the column after adjustment and position base to be fixed respectively;
6), finally by pillar stand tail guiding mechanism, column and ground are fixed together.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1), column of the present invention and base are front and back structure, column is after base, only there is a facet at submounts, for adjusting column and the perpendicularity of workbench in XY plane, simultaneously, this structure can reduce the size of base in lathe Y-direction, is conducive to the transport of lathe, particularly Container Transport.
2), during Installing machine tool debugging, also without the need to professional and technical personnel, as long as general machine upkeep debugging workman gets final product Use Adjustment device, just passable according to the adjustment of machine tool accuracy standard, and, the local accuracy caused due to stress deformation is lost, without the need to disassembling, as long as readjust, save a large amount of work time costs.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is C-C sectional view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is that D of the present invention is to partial sectional view;
Fig. 4 is the enlarged drawing of horizontal adjustment fixture of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the enlarged drawing of the vertical regulation fixing apparatus of the present invention.
In figure, 1, column; 2, horizontal set bolt; 3, horizontal adjusting bolt; 4, lower margin set bolt; 5, lower margin adjustment bolt; 6, parallels is adjusted; 7, horizontal adjustment fixture; 8, boss; 9, base; 10, amesdial; 11, square chi; 12, workbench; 13, slide; 14, top; 15, left support portion; 16, right support portion; 17, vertically bolt is adjusted; 18, vertical anchor bolt; 19, vertical regulation fixing apparatus.
Detailed description of the invention
Be described principle of the present invention and feature below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, example, only for explaining the present invention, is not intended to limit scope of the present invention.
A kind of vertical machining centre, comprise column 1 and base 9, described base 9 is provided with slide 13 and workbench 12, and the rear portion of described base 9 is located at by described column 1, and be bolted to connection with described base 9, the bottom surface of described column and base is on same installation foundation face.
Described vertical machining centre, the rear portion of described base 9 is provided with the installation base 8 be connected with described column 1, and described boss 8 comprises plane A and trailing flank B; The front portion of described column 1 is provided with suitable " L " type breach that falls with described installation base 8, described fall the fitting with the upper plane A of described boss and trailing flank B respectively with side above of " L " type breach; Vertical regulation fixing apparatus 19 is provided with described plane A junction at described " L " type breach; Horizontal adjustment fixture 7 is provided with in described " L " type breach and described plane B junction.
Described vertical machining centre, described horizontal adjustment fixture 7 comprises horizontal adjusting bolt 3 and horizontal set bolt 2; Described vertical regulation fixing apparatus 19 comprises vertical adjustment bolt 17 and vertical anchor bolt 18; Described horizontal adjusting bolt is for adjusting the perpendicularity of described column in YZ plane; Described vertical adjustment bolt is for adjusting the perpendicularity of described column in XY plane.
Described vertical machining centre, described column comprises bottom and top 14, described bottom comprises symmetrically arranged left support portion 15 and right support portion 16, domes are formed at described left support portion 15 and right support portion 16 and top 14, and described left support portion 15 and right support portion 16 are fixedly connected with described base 9 respectively.
Described vertical machining centre, the rear bottom of described column is also provided with pillar stand tail guiding mechanism, and described guiding mechanism comprises adjustment parallels 6, lower margin adjustment bolt 5 and lower margin set bolt 4.
The present invention also provides a kind of installation adjusting method of vertical machining centre, comprises the vertical machining centre as described in any one of Claims 1 to 5, and its step is as follows:
1), centering base level base is fixed in mounting foundation, base is installed slide and workbench, column is established square chi and amesdial;
2) " L " the type breach that, fallen by column suits with upper plane A and trailing flank B and realizes column coarse positioning;
3), by regulating vertical adjustment bolt centering column in the perpendicularity of YZ plane; And numerical value when checking that micrometer moves up and down along square chi is within the scope of predetermined tolerance, then locks and vertically adjusts bolt;
4), by regulating horizontal adjusting bolt centering column in the perpendicularity of XY plane; And numerical value when checking that micrometer moves along square chi is within the scope of predetermined tolerance, then locks horizontal adjusting bolt;
5) vertical anchor bolt and horizontal set bolt, is utilized the column after adjustment and position base to be fixed respectively;
6), finally by pillar stand tail guiding mechanism, column and ground are fixed together.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, within the spirit and principles in the present invention all, any amendment done, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a vertical machining centre, comprises column and base, and described base is provided with slide and workbench, it is characterized in that, the rear portion of described base is located at by described column, and is bolted to connection with described base, and the bottom surface of described column and base is on same installation foundation face.
2. vertical machining centre according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the rear portion of described base is provided with the installation base be connected with described column, and described boss comprises plane A and trailing flank B; The front portion of described column is provided with suitable " L " type breach that falls with described installation base, described fall the fitting with the upper plane A of described boss and trailing flank B respectively with side above of " L " type breach; Vertical regulation fixing apparatus is provided with described plane A junction at described " L " type breach; Horizontal adjustment fixture is provided with in described " L " type breach and described plane B junction.
3. vertical machining centre according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described horizontal adjustment fixture comprises horizontal adjusting bolt and horizontal set bolt; Described vertical regulation fixing apparatus comprises vertical adjustment bolt and vertical anchor bolt; Described horizontal adjusting bolt is for adjusting the perpendicularity of described column in YZ plane; Described vertical adjustment bolt is for adjusting the perpendicularity of described column in XY plane.
4. the vertical machining centre according to any one of claims 1 to 3, it is characterized in that, described column comprises bottom and top, described bottom comprises symmetrically arranged left support portion and right support portion, domes are formed at described left support portion and right support portion and top, and described left support portion is fixedly connected with described base respectively with right support portion.
5. the vertical machining centre according to any one of claims 1 to 3, is characterized in that, the rear bottom of described column is also provided with pillar stand tail guiding mechanism, and described guiding mechanism comprises adjustment parallels, lower margin adjustment bolt and lower margin set bolt.
6. an installation adjusting method for vertical machining centre, is characterized in that, comprises the vertical machining centre as described in any one of Claims 1 to 5, and its step is as follows:
1), centering base level base is fixed in mounting foundation, base is installed slide and workbench, column is established square chi and amesdial;
2) " L " the type breach that, fallen by column suits with upper plane A and trailing flank B and realizes column coarse positioning;
3), by regulating vertical adjustment bolt centering column in the perpendicularity of YZ plane; And numerical value when checking that micrometer moves up and down along square chi is within the scope of predetermined tolerance, then locks and vertically adjusts bolt;
4), by regulating horizontal adjusting bolt centering column in the perpendicularity of XY plane; And numerical value when checking that micrometer moves along square chi is within the scope of predetermined tolerance, then locks horizontal adjusting bolt;
5) vertical anchor bolt and horizontal set bolt, is utilized the column after adjustment and position base to be fixed respectively;
6), finally by pillar stand tail guiding mechanism, column and ground are fixed together.
CN201410853620.XA 2014-12-31 2014-12-31 Vertical machining center and adjustment method thereof Pending CN104625759A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410853620.XA CN104625759A (en) 2014-12-31 2014-12-31 Vertical machining center and adjustment method thereof

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410853620.XA CN104625759A (en) 2014-12-31 2014-12-31 Vertical machining center and adjustment method thereof

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104625759A true CN104625759A (en) 2015-05-20

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108500739A (en) * 2018-03-13 2018-09-07 宁波海天精工股份有限公司 A kind of installation method of overhead gantry lathe
CN111283475A (en) * 2020-03-25 2020-06-16 中国第一重型机械股份公司 Dynamic adjusting method for precision of guide rail of large numerical control planer type milling machine body

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TW443168U (en) * 2000-03-16 2001-06-23 Ind Tech Res Inst Machining center having the improved assembly structure of spindle head
DE102008037205B3 (en) * 2008-08-11 2009-12-17 Heinz Adams Vertical-turning-boring-milling-grinding machine for e.g. turning work piece, has vertical-turning-boring-milling-grinding pusher provided with turning tool retainer and combined boring-milling-grinding spindle
CN103447888A (en) * 2012-05-31 2013-12-18 上海斌盛电子机械有限公司 Optical-mechanical structure for vertical machining center
CN203831082U (en) * 2014-03-05 2014-09-17 杭州大天数控机床有限公司 Combined-stand-column machining center
CN204397359U (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-06-17 烟台米兰德数控机床有限公司 A kind of vertical machining centre

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TW443168U (en) * 2000-03-16 2001-06-23 Ind Tech Res Inst Machining center having the improved assembly structure of spindle head
DE102008037205B3 (en) * 2008-08-11 2009-12-17 Heinz Adams Vertical-turning-boring-milling-grinding machine for e.g. turning work piece, has vertical-turning-boring-milling-grinding pusher provided with turning tool retainer and combined boring-milling-grinding spindle
CN103447888A (en) * 2012-05-31 2013-12-18 上海斌盛电子机械有限公司 Optical-mechanical structure for vertical machining center
CN203831082U (en) * 2014-03-05 2014-09-17 杭州大天数控机床有限公司 Combined-stand-column machining center
CN204397359U (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-06-17 烟台米兰德数控机床有限公司 A kind of vertical machining centre

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108500739A (en) * 2018-03-13 2018-09-07 宁波海天精工股份有限公司 A kind of installation method of overhead gantry lathe
CN111283475A (en) * 2020-03-25 2020-06-16 中国第一重型机械股份公司 Dynamic adjusting method for precision of guide rail of large numerical control planer type milling machine body

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Application publication date: 20150520

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication