CN104611808B - The forming wire and preparation method - Google Patents

The forming wire and preparation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104611808B
CN104611808B CN201410709574.6A CN201410709574A CN104611808B CN 104611808 B CN104611808 B CN 104611808B CN 201410709574 A CN201410709574 A CN 201410709574A CN 104611808 B CN104611808 B CN 104611808B
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wire
forming wire
wrapping
embodiment
forming
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CN201410709574.6A
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CN104611808A (en
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苏健强
何永刚
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珠海天威飞马打印耗材有限公司
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Abstract

本发明涉及一种用于三维打印过程中构建三维物体中软弹性部分的成型丝,按重量百分比,包括15%‑90%的热塑性弹性材料、4%‑40%的聚烯烃、5%‑25%的PLA或ABS、0%‑30%的软化剂、0.1‑0.5%的添加剂。 The present invention relates to a 5% to 25% for a three-dimensional printing process to build a three-dimensional wire forming soft elastic portion of the object, in weight percent, including 15% to 90% thermoplastic elastomer, 4% -40% of a polyolefin, the PLA or ABS, 0% -30% of a softening agent, 0.1 to 0.5% of an additive. 该成型丝熔融后能够很好的与硬质成型粘接一起。 Well with the rigid shaping wire bonding after forming the melt. 此外,还提供一种用于制备该成型丝的方法。 In addition, also provided a method for preparing the shaped wire.

Description

成型丝及其制备方法 The forming wire and preparation method

技术领域 FIELD

[0001]本发明涉及一种三维打印用耗材及其制备方法,特别涉及一种用于在三维打印过程中构建三维物体软弹性部分的成型丝及其制备方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to a three-dimensional printing supplies its preparation method, and particularly relates to the forming wire and a preparation method for constructing a three-dimensional object in a soft elastic three-dimensional printing process.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 三维打印机,是一种基于三维物体的数字模型,利用粉末状金属或塑料等材料,通过逐层打印的方式构造三维物体的设备。 [0002] The three-dimensional printer, a digital model based on the three-dimensional object, such as the use of powdered metal or plastic materials, layer by layer by way of the printing apparatus constructed three-dimensional object.

[0003] 公告号为CN1216726C的专利文献的背景技术中描述了一种以细丝的形式向打印头供给成型材料的三维打印机,参见图1,三维打印机01具有打印头011、供料装置012、导管013及载物台014;供料装置012具有一个缠绕有成型丝0123的供料盘0121;打印头011具有由电机0115驱动的一对供料滚轮0113与0114,液化器0111及设于液化器0111下端的打印喷嘴0112。 [0003] Publication No. CN1216726C background art described in Patent Document A providing a three-dimensional printer to the print head of the molding material in the form of filaments, see FIG. 1, a three-dimensional printer 01 having a print head 011, feeding device 012, conduit 013 and a stage 014; feed means 012 having a wound on the forming wire feed tray 0123 of 0121; the print head 011 having a driven by the motor 0115 a pair of feed rollers 0113 and 0114, the liquefier 0111 and disposed in a liquefied the lower end of the nozzle to print 0111 0112. 供料盘0121被安装于三维打印机01的供料盘安装架的转轴〇122上,从而将成型丝0123提供给打印头011。 Feeding the feed shaft 〇122 disc tray mount 0121 is attached to the three-dimensional printer 01, thereby forming the wire 0123 to the print head 011. 在使用过程中,将成型丝0123从供料盘0121上拉出,使被拉直的成型丝通过由摩擦阻力较小的材料制成的导管013,直至将成型丝供给到供料滚轮0113及0114,在供料滚轮0113及0114的驱动下,成型丝进入液化器0111,成型丝在液化器〇111内经加热成熔融状态的成型材料,在后续成型丝推力的作用下,从打印喷嘴0112挤出并沉积于载物台014的载物面上。 During use, the shaped wire 0123 drawn from the feed tray 0121, the shaped wire is straightened through a conduit made of a material smaller frictional resistance 013, until the forming wire fed to the feed roller 0113 and 0114, driven by feed rollers 0113 and 0114, the forming wire into the liquefier 0111, the forming wire in a liquefier 〇111 heated into a molten state molding material, at a subsequent forming wire thrust effect, squeezed from the print nozzles 0112 and deposited on the loading surface of the loading table 014. 三维打印机01的控制单元通过控制打印头011在水平的XY平面内移动,同时控制载物台014沿垂向的Z轴移动,从而逐层地打印出三维物体。 Three-dimensional printer control unit 01 by controlling the movement of the print head 011 in the horizontal XY plane, while controlling the Z-axis moving loading station 014 along the vertical line, so that a three-dimensional object layer by layer printing.

[0004] 现有成型丝主要由△33、? [0004] The conventional yarn mainly formed △ 33 ,? 1^、? 1 ^ ,? 々、? 々 ,? (:及??等热塑性硬质材料制成的硬质成型丝,用于打印硬质三维物体;另外,也有一些由热塑性弹性材料制成的软质成型丝,用于打印软弹性三维物体。 (: Hard wire made of molded thermoplastic and ?? a hard material, for printing a rigid three-dimensional object; In addition, there are some molded soft elastomeric filaments made of thermoplastic material, for soft elastic three-dimensional object printing.

[0005] 对于同时具有软弹性部分与硬质部分的三维物体,需要在同一台三维打印机上使用两种成型丝进行打印,但是上述软质成型丝及硬质成型丝在熔融后不能很好地粘接一起,难以打印出所需的三维物体。 [0005] For simultaneous soft elastic portion having a three-dimensional object is the hard part, it requires two molding yarn was printed on the same three-dimensional printers, but the soft and hard wire forming the forming wire can not be well after melting bonded together, it is difficult to print the desired three-dimensional object. 此外,现有软质成型丝太软,其抗弯强度不够高,位于送料滚轮与液化器0111间的一段成型丝01231在送料滚轮的推力作用下而弯曲,难以在液化器内产生“液化器泵效应”,通常需要提高液化器的加热温度,并靠熔融状态成型材料的自身重力而流出打印喷嘴,不仅无法控制成型材料的流出速率,而且相对更高温的熔融状态成型材料不利于打印后的冷却固化,降低三维物体中软弹性部分的打印精度。 Further, the conventional soft forming wire is too soft, the bending strength is not sufficiently high, is located in the feed section of the forming wire 01231 roller and liquefier 0111 under the thrust action of the feed roller is bent, hardly occurs "liquefied in the liquefier pumping effect "is generally necessary to increase the heating temperature of the liquefier, and by a molten state own weight of the molding material flows out print nozzles, not only can not control the outflow rate of the molding material, and relatively higher temperature molten molding material against the printing cooled and solidified, reduced printing precision three-dimensional objects in a soft elastic portion.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0006] 本发明的主要目的是提供一种成型丝,旨在提高用软质成型丝与硬质成型丝打印出的三维物体部分之间的粘接力; [0006] The main object of the present invention is to provide a forming wire, aimed to improve the adhesion between the forming wire with a soft and a hard printed out on the forming wire portion of the three-dimensional object;

[0007] 本发明的另一目的是提供一种便于在液化器中形成“液化器栗效应”的上述成型丝,旨在提三维物体中软弹性部分的打印精度; [0007] Another object of the present invention is to provide an easy formation of the shaped wire "liquefiers Li effect" in the liquefaction reactor, intended to provide a three-dimensional object printing accuracy in a soft elastic portion;

[0008] 本发明的再一目的是提供一种用制备上述成型丝的方法。 [0008] A further object of the present invention is to provide a process for preparing such filaments by molding.

[0009] 为了实现上述主要目的,本发明提供一种用于在三维打印过程中构建三维物体的软弹性部分的成型丝,按重量百分比包括: The forming wire soft elastic portion [0009] To achieve the above main object, the present invention provides for constructing a three-dimensional object in three-dimensional printing process, comprising in weight percent:

[0010] 热塑性弹性材料15%-90%; [0010] Thermoplastic elastomeric material 15% -90%;

[0011] 聚炼烃4%_40%; [0011] Poly hydrocarbon refining _40% 4%;

[0012] PLA或ABS 5%-25%; [0012] PLA or ABS 5% -25%;

[0013] 软化剂0%-30%; [0013] 0% to 30% softeners;

[0014] 添加剂0.1%-0.5%。 [0014] Additives 0.1% -0.5%.

[0015] 由以上方案可见,热塑性弹性材料构成上述成型丝的基础原料,使打印出的三维物体具有软弹性性能;PLA或ABS作为改性材料,与热塑性弹性材料熔融混合后,提高上述成型丝与现有硬质成型丝之间的粘接力,使上述成型丝的凝固点更接近于现有硬质成型丝, 便于两种成型丝在同一打印头上打印及对打印头加热温度的控制;软化剂用于增加上述成型丝的柔软性。 [0015] seen from the above embodiment, the base material constituting the molded thermoplastic elastomer filaments, the printing three-dimensional object having a soft elastic properties; PLA or modified materials as ABS, after melt mixing with the thermoplastic elastomeric material, to improve the above yarn molding adhesive force between the conventional hard wire forming the freezing point above the forming wire is closer to the conventional hard wire shaped to facilitate two kinds of the forming wire and the print head to print at the same controlled temperature heating of the print head; softening agent for increasing the flexibility of the molded wire. 这些组分的组合及各组分的上述重量百分比范围,是通过大量试验确定的, 上述组合以及重量百分比范围使制得的成型丝熔融后能够很好地与硬质成型丝粘接一起。 The above percentage ranges by weight, and component combinations of these components is determined by a large number of tests, the above composition and the weight percentage ranges so that the forming wire obtained after the melt can be molded well with the hard wire bonded together.

[0016] 为了实现上述另一目的,一个具体的方案为上述成型丝包括芯线及包裹于芯线外的包裹层,即该成型丝为包芯线结构;构成包裹层的材料为PLA或ABS;构成芯线的材料为热塑性弹性材料、聚烯烃、软化剂及添加剂;按重量百分比,各组分的含量如下, [0016] To achieve the above another object, a specific embodiment of the above the forming wire comprises a core wire and wrapped in an outer layer wrapping the core line, i.e., the wire is shaped cored wire structure; wrapping material constituting the layer is PLA or ABS ; material constituting the core material is a thermoplastic elastomer, a polyolefin, a softener and additives; percentages are by weight, content of each component is as follows,

[0017] 热塑性弹性材料15%-80%; [0017] The thermoplastic elastomer of 15% -80%;

[0018] 聚烯烃4%-40%; [0018] Polyolefin 4% -40%;

[0019] PLA或ABS 15%-25%; [0019] PLA or ABS 15% -25%;

[0020]软化剂0%-30%; [0020] 0% to 30% softeners;

[0021]添加剂0.1%-0.5%。 [0021] Additives 0.1% -0.5%.

[0022]由以上方案可见,上述成型丝为包芯线结构,芯线为由软质材料构成,而包裹层由硬质材料构成,硬质的包裹层对整个成型丝起到支撑作用,提高位于送料滚轮与液化器间一段成型丝的抗弯强度,通过送料滚轮的作用,能够很好的实现“液化器泵效应”,提高三维物体中软弹性部分的打印精度。 [0022] seen from the above embodiment, the molded cored wire for the wire structure, the core wire by a soft material, and the wrapping layer is composed of a hard material, a hard layer of wrapping play a supporting role for the entire forming wire, improve located in the feed section of the bending strength of the forming wire between the roller and the liquefaction by the action of the feed roller, it is possible to achieve a good "liquefier pump effect" to improve printing accuracy in the three-dimensional object soft elastic portion.

[0023]为了实现上述另一目的,另一个具体的方案为上述成型丝包括芯线及包裹于芯线外的包裹层,即该成型丝为包芯线结构;构成包裹层的材料为热塑性弹性材料、聚烯烃、软化剂及添加剂;构成芯线的材料为PLA或ABS;按重量百分比,各组分的含量如下, [0023] To achieve the above another object, another specific embodiment of the above the forming wire comprises a core wire and wrapped in an outer layer wrapping the core line, i.e., the wire is shaped cored wire structure; wrapping material constituting the layer is a thermoplastic elastomer , polyolefin, softeners and additives; material constituting the core is the ABS or PLA; percentage by weight, content of each component is as follows,

[0024] 热塑性弹性材料15%_85%; [0024] The thermoplastic elastomer _85%, 15%;

[0025] 聚烯烃4%_40%; [0025] The polyolefin _40% 4%;

[0026] PLA 或ABS 10%-25%; [0026] PLA or ABS 10% -25%;

[0027]软化剂0%-30%; [0027] 0% to 30% softeners;

[0028]添加剂0.1%-0.5%。 [0028] Additives 0.1% -0.5%.

[0029]由以上方案可见,上述成型丝为包芯线结构,芯线为由硬质材料构成,而包裹层由软质材料构成,硬质的芯线对整个成型丝起到支撑作用,提高位于送料滚轮与液化器间一段成型丝的抗弯强度,通过送料滚轮的作用,能够很好的实现“液化器泵效应”,提高三维物体中软弹性部分的打印精度。 [0029] seen from the above embodiment, the molded cored wire for the wire structure, the core wire by a hard material, while the layer is made of a soft wrapping material, hard core play a supporting role for the entire forming wire, improve located in the feed section of the bending strength of the forming wire between the roller and the liquefaction by the action of the feed roller, it is possible to achieve a good "liquefier pump effect" to improve printing accuracy in the three-dimensional object soft elastic portion.

[0030] 优选的方案为上述热塑性弹性材料为TPE、TPU、TPV中一种或几种的组合;上述软化剂为白矿油或石蜡油;上述添加剂为相容剂、增塑剂、粘合剂、脱模剂中一种或几种的组合。 [0030] The preferred embodiment of the above material is a thermoplastic elastomer composition TPE, TPU, TPV of one or more; and said softener is paraffin oil or white mineral oil; and the additive is compatible agents, plasticizers, adhesion , a release agent of one or more combinations thereof.

[0031] 为了实现上述再一目的,本发明提供一柙用t刺备上还具怀万菜甲成型丝的万法,该方法包括以下步骤,拉丝步骤,将构成芯线的材料通过细丝成形技术拉成规定直径的芯线;包裹步骤,待芯线冷却至室温后,将构成包裹层的材料通过包裹技术在芯线外形成包裹层。 [0031] To achieve the above another object, the present invention provides a pen with t thorn apparatus further having pregnant Wan ± A methodology of the forming wire, the method comprising the steps of drawing step, the material constituting the core filament by forming a predetermined diameter pull wire; wrapping step, the core wire to be cooled to room temperature, the material constituting the wrapping layer is formed on an outer layer wrapping the core wire by wrapping technique.

[0032] 为了实现上述主要目的,本发明还提供一种用于在三维打印过程中构建三维物体的软弹性部分的成型丝,按重量百分比包括: [0032] To achieve the above main object, the present invention also provides a soft elastic yarn forming portion constructed three-dimensional object in three-dimensional printing process is used, in weight percent comprising:

[0033] 热塑性弹性材料I5%-85%; [0033] The thermoplastic elastomer I5% -85%;

[0034] 聚烯烃4%-40%; [0034] Polyolefin 4% -40%;

[0035] PLA 5%-15%; [0035] PLA 5% -15%;

[0036] ABS 5%-15%; [0036] ABS 5% -15%;

[0037] 软化剂0%_3〇%; [0037] _3〇% 0% softener;

[0038] 添加剂0.1-0.5%。 [0038] 0.1 to 0.5% additive.

[0039] 由以上方案可见,热塑性弹性材料构成上述成型丝的基础原料,使打印出的三维物体具有软弹性性能;PLA与ABS作为改性材料,与热塑性弹性材料融混合后,提筒上述成型丝与现有硬质成型丝之间的粘接力,使上述成型丝的凝固点更接近于现有硬质成型丝, 便于两种成型丝在同一打印头上打印及对打印头加热温度的控制;软化剂用于增加上述成型丝的柔软性。 [0039] seen from the above embodiment, the base material constituting the molded thermoplastic elastomer filaments, the printing three-dimensional object having a soft elastic properties; PLA and modified materials as ABS, and thermoplastic elastomeric materials melt after mixing, the molded Canisters adhesive force between the wire and the wire forming the conventional hard, freezing point above the forming wire is formed closer to the conventional hard wire, to facilitate the two kinds of the forming wire and the print head prints on the print head at the same heating temperature control ; softening agent for increasing the flexibility of the molded wire. 这些组分的组合及各组分的上述重量百分比范围,是通过大量试验确定的, 上述组合以及重量百分比范围使制得的成型丝熔融后能够很好地与硬质成型丝粘接一起。 The above percentage ranges by weight, and component combinations of these components is determined by a large number of tests, the above composition and the weight percentage ranges so that the forming wire obtained after the melt can be molded well with the hard wire bonded together.

[0040] 为了实现上述另一目的,一个具体的方案为上述成型丝包括芯线及包裹于芯线外的包裹层,即该成型丝为包芯线结构;构成包裹层的材料为PLA及ABS;构成芯线的材料为热塑性弹性材料、聚烯烃、软化剂及添加剂;按重量百分比,各组分的含量为, [0040] To achieve the above another object, a specific embodiment of the above the forming wire comprises a core wire and wrapped in an outer layer wrapping the core line, i.e., the wire is shaped cored wire structure; wrapping material constituting the layer is PLA and ABS ; material constituting the core material is a thermoplastic elastomer, a polyolefin, a softener and additives; percentages are by weight, the content of each component is,

[0041] 热塑性弹性材料15%-80%; [0041] The thermoplastic elastomer of 15% -80%;

[0042] 聚烯烃4%_40%; [0042] The polyolefin _40% 4%;

[0043] PLA 7.5%-15%; [0043] PLA 7.5% -15%;

[0044] ABS 7.5%-15% [0044] ABS 7.5% -15%

[0045] 软化剂0%-30%; [0045] 0% to 30% softeners;

[0046] 添加剂0• 1-0.5%。 [0046] Additives 0 • 1-0.5%.

[0047]由以上方案可见,上述成型丝为包芯线结构,芯线为由软质材料构成,而包裹层由硬质材料构成,硬质的包裹层对整个成型丝起到支撑作用,提高位于送料滚轮与液化器间一段成型丝的抗弯强度,,通过送料滚轮的作用,能够很好的实现“液化器泵效应”,提高三维物体中软弹性部分的打印精度。 [0047] seen from the above embodiment, the molded cored wire for the wire structure, the core wire by a soft material, and the wrapping layer is composed of a hard material, a hard layer of wrapping play a supporting role for the entire forming wire, improve located in the feed section of the bending strength between the roller and the forming wire ,, liquefaction by the action of the feed roller, it is possible to achieve a good "liquefier pump effect" to improve printing accuracy in the three-dimensional object soft elastic portion.

[0048]为了实现上述另一目的,另一个具体的方案为上述成型丝包括芯线及包裹于芯线外的包裹层;构成包裹层的材料为热塑性弹性材料、聚烯烃、软化剂及添加剂;构成芯线的材料为PLA及ABS。 [0048] To achieve the above another object, another specific embodiment of the above the forming wire comprises a core wire and wrapped in an outer layer wrapping the core line; wrapping material constituting the layer is a thermoplastic elastomer, a polyolefin, a softener and additives; the material constituting the core of PLA and ABS.

[0049]由以上方案可见,上述成型丝为包芯线结构,芯线为由硬质材料构成,而包裹层由软质材料构成,硬质的芯线对整个成型丝起到支撑作用,提高位于送料滚轮与液化器间一段成型丝的抗弯强度,通过送料滚轮的作用,能够很好的实现“液化器泵效应”,提高三维物体软弹性部分的打印精度。 [0049] As seen from the above embodiment, the molded cored wire for the wire structure, the core wire by a hard material, while the layer is made of a soft wrapping material, hard core play a supporting role for the entire forming wire, improve located in the feed section of the bending strength of the forming wire between the roller and the liquefaction by the action of the feed roller, it is possible to achieve a good "liquefier pump effect" to improve the printing accuracy of a soft elastic three-dimensional object portion.

[0050] 优选的方案为上述热塑性弹性材料为tpe、tpu、tpv中一种或几种的组合;上述软化剂为白矿油或石蜡油;上述添加剂为相容剂、增塑剂、粘合剂、脱模剂中一种或几种的组合。 [0050] The preferred embodiment is the thermoplastic elastomeric material is tpe, tpu, tpv one or combination of several; and the softening agent is a paraffin oil or white mineral oil; and the additive is compatible agents, plasticizers, adhesion , a release agent of one or more combinations thereof.

[0051]为了实现上述再一目的,本发明提供一种用于制备上述具体方案中成型丝的方法,该方法包括以下步骤,拉丝步骤,将构成芯线的材料通过细丝成形技术拉成规定直径的芯线;包裹步骤,待芯线冷却至室温后,将构成包裹层的材料通过包裹技术在芯线外形成包裹层。 [0051] To achieve the above another object, the present invention provides a process for preparing the above specific embodiment for the forming wire, the method comprising the steps of drawing step, the material constituting the core wire is pulled by a predetermined filament forming techniques core diameter; material after wrapping step, the core wire to be cooled to room temperature, wrapped layer constituting the layer formed on the outer wrapping by wrapping the core wire technique.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0052]图1是一种现有三维打印机的结构示意图; [0052] FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a conventional three-dimensional printer;

[0053]图2是本发明成型丝制备方法第一实施例的制备流程图; [0053] FIG. 2 is a flow diagram of the preparation of the forming wire production method of the present invention a first embodiment;

[0054]图3是本发明成型丝第一实施例至第四实施例的原料组分及其重量百分比列表; [0055]图4是一种现有细丝成形设备的结构示意图; [0054] FIG. 3 is a listing of the present invention, the percentage of raw material components and the weight of the fourth embodiment on the forming wire to the first embodiment; [0055] FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a conventional filament forming apparatus;

[0056]图5是本发明成型丝第五实施例至第八实施例的原料组分及其重量百分比列表; [0057]图6是本发明成型丝第九实施例至第十二实施例的原料组分及其重量百分比列表; [0056] FIG. 5 is an embodiment of the present invention, the forming wire to a fifth embodiment of the eighth embodiment of the feed components and tabulated as percent by weight; [0057] FIG. 6 is a filament of the present invention is formed of the ninth embodiment to the twelfth embodiment list of raw materials components and percentages by weight;

[0058]图7是本发明成型丝第十三实施例至第十六实施例的原料组分及其重量百分比列表; [0058] FIG. 7 is a filament of the present invention is molded to the thirteenth embodiment, the sixteenth embodiment feedstock components and tabulated as percent by weight;

[0059]图8是本发明成型丝第十七实施例至第二十实施例的原料组分及其重量百分比列表; The forming wire [0059] FIG. 8 is a seventeenth embodiment of the present invention to the raw material components of the twentieth embodiment, and tabulated as percent by weight;

[0060]图9是本发明成型丝第二^^一实施例至第二十四实施例的原料组分及其重量百分比列表; [0060] FIG. 9 is a second wire of the present invention ^^ molding material component to a second embodiment of the fourth embodiment and the embodiment of a weight percentage of the list;

[0061]图10是本发明成型丝第二十五实施例至第二十八实施例的原料组分及其重量百分比列表; [0061] FIG. 10 is an embodiment of the present invention, the feed components to the second embodiment 38 a twenty-fifth embodiment of the forming wire and tabulated as percent by weight;

[0062]图11是本发明成型丝第二十九实施例至第三十二实施例的原料组分及其重量百分比列表; [0062] FIG. 11 is a raw material component of the present invention the forming wire to the thirty-second embodiment according to the 29th embodiment and the embodiment tabulated as percent by weight;

[0063]图I2是本发明成型丝第三十五实施例的横截面示意图; [0063] FIG I2 is a cross-section of the present invention, the forming wire is a schematic view of the 35th embodiment;

[0064]图13是本发明成型丝制备方法第三十五实施例的制备流程图; [0064] FIG. 13 is a shaped wire production method of the present invention prepared in the thirty-fifth embodiment of a flow diagram;

[0065]图14是本发明成型丝第四^^一实施例的横截面示意图; [0065] FIG. 14 is an embodiment of the present invention is a cross-sectional schematic view of the forming wire ^^ a fourth embodiment;

[0066]图15是本发明成型丝制备方法第四十一实施例的制备流程图; [0066] FIG. 15 is a shaped wire production method of the present invention prepared in the forty-first embodiment of a flow diagram;

[0067]图16是一种现有包裹成型设备的结构示意图。 [0067] FIG. 16 is a conventional schematic structure of the molding apparatus wrapping.

[0068]以下结合附图及实施例对本发明作进一步说明。 [0068] The following preferred embodiments of the present invention will be further described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0069]现有常用成型丝的直径规格为1.75毫米及3毫米,以下各具体实施例中以制备3毫米的成型丝为例,对本发明的具体实施方式进行说明。 [0069] Existing conventional forming wire diameters of 1.75 mm and 3 mm, following to the forming wire prepared in Example 3 millimeters specific embodiment as an example, specific embodiments of the present invention will be described. 其中,热塑性弹性材料可选自TpE、 TPU、TPV等中厂种或几种的组合,软化剂可选自白矿油或石油蜡等,添加剂可选自相容剂、 增塑剂、粘合剂、脱模剂等中一种或几种的组合;此外,也可根据成型丝的性能要求,添加相应的改性材料及色素;对于成型丝中热塑性弹性材料与ABS或pLA的含量比例可根据目标成型丝的硬度进行选择。 Wherein the thermoplastic elastomeric material may be selected from the combination of several plant species or TpE, TPU, TPV, etc., optionally softeners confession petroleum wax or mineral oil, an additive selected from the compatibilizing agent, a plasticizer, a binder , or in a combination of one kind of release agent; Further, according to the performance requirements of the forming wire, add the corresponding modified materials and pigment; for molding elastomeric yarn content ratio of the thermoplastic material may vary depending on ABS or pLA target hardness of the forming wire is selected.

[0070]成型丝及其制备方法第一实施例 [0070] the forming wire and preparation method of the first embodiment

[0071 ]参见图2,本发明成型丝的制备方法由混合步骤SI 1及拉丝步骤S12构成。 [0071] Referring to Figure 2, the present invention is prepared by a method of forming a mixed yarn composed drawing step SI 1 and step S12.

[0072]混合步骤S11,按图3中指定本例的各组分百分比将TPE、聚烯烃、PLA、白矿油及脱模剂混合形成原料混合物。 [0072] The mixing step S11, the specified percentage of each component according to the present embodiment in FIG. 3 TPE, polyolefin, PLA, white mineral oil and a release agent are mixed to form a raw material mixture.

[0073]拉丝步骤S12,采用公告号为CN10055896C的专利文献中所公告的细丝成形设备及方法将原料混合物在细丝成形设备中拉成直径为3毫米的成型丝。 [0073] Drawing step S12, is employed Publication No. filament forming apparatus and method in Patent Document CN10055896C advertised in the raw material mixture to pull filaments forming apparatus having a diameter of 3 mm on the forming wire.

[0074]参见图4,该细丝成形设备5由螺杆挤压机51、空气刀52、冷却器53、双轴激光测微仪54、拉出器55、控制器56及卷盘57构成。 [0074] Referring to Figure 4, the filament forming apparatus 5 by the screw extruder 51, an air knife 52, a cooler 53, a biaxially laser micrometer 54, a puller 55, the controller 56 and the reel 57 is configured. 螺杆挤压机51由伺服电机511、加热筒512、料斗513、螺杆514及模具515构成。 Extruder screw 51 by a servo motor 511, the heating cartridge 512, hopper 513, screw 514 and die 515 configuration. 拉丝步骤为将混合步骤混合得到的原料混合物〇2放入螺杆挤压机的料斗513内,原料混合物〇2被送入加热筒512内并被加热至融化,伺服电机511带动螺杆514驱动融化的原料混合物以一定的压力及流速流向模具5丨5,从模具515的出料口挤出细丝03,挤出的细丝03在拉出器55的张力的作用下穿过空气刀52、冷却器53及双轴激光测微仪54。 The drawing step is the mixing step of mixing the raw material mixture obtained 〇2 into the hopper of a screw extruder 513, the raw material mixture is fed into the heating cylinder 〇2 512 and heated to melt, the servo motor 511 rotates a screw driven melt 514 the raw material mixture to a certain pressure and flow rate of the flow of the mold 5 Shu 5, filaments 03 extruded from the die discharge port 515, the extruded filament 03 through the air knife 52 is under tension puller 55, cooling 53 and 54 micrometer biaxially laser. 拉出器55内的电机在控制器56的控制下驱动滚轮551、滚轮552、滚轮553及滚轮554,从而对细丝03施加张力。 The motor 55 is driven puller rollers 551, roller 552, roller 553 and the roller 554 under control of controller 56 so as to apply tension to the filament 03. 控制器56根据双轴激光测微仪54对细丝03冷却后的直径dF进行测量,从而控制张力的大小,实现对最后制备出的细丝的直径进行准确控制。 The controller 56 according to the laser micrometer biaxially diameter of 54 pairs of filaments 03 after cooling dF measurement, thereby controlling the size of the tension to achieve the final diameter of the filaments prepared for accurate control. 经过冷却制得的细丝即为成型丝1,通过控制卷盘57的转速,从而将成型丝1缠绕于卷盘57上。 After cooling the filaments on the forming wire is the one obtained by controlling the rotation speed of the reel 57, thereby forming a wire wound on the reel 57.

[0075]成型丝及其制备方法第二实施例 [0075] The method of preparing the forming wire and the second embodiment

[0076]按图3中指定本例的各组分及其百分比,采用上述成型丝及其制备方法第一实施例进彳T制备。 [0076] The components of this embodiment designated percentage and in FIG. 3, the above-described preparation method of the forming wire and T Example stimulation was first embodiment.

[0077]成型丝及其制备方法第三实施例 [0077] the forming wire and preparation method of the third embodiment

[0078]按图3中指定本例的各组分及其百分比,采用上述成型丝及其制备方法第一实施例进行制备。 [0078] The components of this embodiment designated percentage and 3, the wire forming the above-described first embodiment and its method of preparation was prepared.

[0079]成型丝及其制备方法第四实施例 [0079] the forming wire and preparation method of the fourth embodiment

[0080] 按图3中指定本例的各组分及其百分比,采用上述成型丝及其制备方法第一实施例进彳丁制备。 [0080] The components of this embodiment designated percentage and in FIG. 3, the above-described embodiment the forming wire and preparation method butoxy stimulation was prepared first embodiment.

[0081] 成型丝及其制备方法第五实施例 [0081] the forming wire and preparation method of the fifth embodiment

[0082] 按图5中指定本例的各组分及其百分比,采用上述成型丝及其制备方法第一实施例进行制备。 [0082] The components of this embodiment designated percentage and FIG. 5, the above-described method of preparing the forming wire and the first embodiment is prepared.

[0083] 成型丝及其制备方法第六实施例 [0083] The method of preparing the forming wire and the sixth embodiment

[0084] 按图5中指定本例的各组分及其百分比,采用上述成型丝及其制备方法第一实施例进行制备。 [0084] The components of this embodiment designated percentage and FIG. 5, the above-described method of preparing the forming wire and the first embodiment is prepared.

[0085] 成型丝及其制备方法第七实施例 [0085] the forming wire and preparation method of the seventh embodiment

[0086] 按图5中指定本例的各组分及其百分比,采用上述成型丝及其制备方法第一实施例进行制备。 [0086] The components of this embodiment designated percentage and FIG. 5, the above-described method of preparing the forming wire and the first embodiment is prepared.

[0087] 成型丝及其制备方法第八实施例 [0087] the forming wire and preparation method of the eighth embodiment

[0088] 按图5中指定本例的各组分及其百分比,采用上述成型丝及其制备方法第一实施例进行制备。 [0088] The components of this embodiment designated percentage and FIG. 5, the above-described method of preparing the forming wire and the first embodiment is prepared.

[0089] 成型丝及其制备方法第九实施例 [0089] the forming wire and preparation method of the ninth embodiment

[0090] 按图6中指定本例的各组分及其百分比,采用上述成型丝及其制备方法第一实施例进行制备。 [0090] The components of this embodiment designated percentage and in FIG. 6, the above-described method of preparing the forming wire and the first embodiment is prepared.

[0091] 成型丝及其制备方法第十实施例 [0091] the forming wire and preparation method of the tenth embodiment

[0092] 按图6中指定本例的各组分及其百分比,采用上述成型丝及其制备方法第一实施例进行制备。 [0092] The components of this embodiment designated percentage and in FIG. 6, the above-described method of preparing the forming wire and the first embodiment is prepared.

[0093] 成型丝及其制备方法第^^一实施例 [0093] The method of preparing the forming wire and a first embodiment ^^

[0094] 按图6中指定本例的各组分及其百分比,采用上述成型丝及其制备方法第一实施例进行制备。 [0094] The components of this embodiment designated percentage and in FIG. 6, the above-described method of preparing the forming wire and the first embodiment is prepared.

[0095] 成型丝及其制备方法第十二实施例 [0095] The method of preparing the forming wire and the twelfth embodiment

[0096] 按图6中指定本例的各组分及其百分比,采用上述成型丝及其制备方法第一实施例进行制备。 [0096] The components of this embodiment designated percentage and in FIG. 6, the above-described method of preparing the forming wire and the first embodiment is prepared.

[0097] 成型丝及其制备方法第十三实施例 [0097] the forming wire and preparation method thirteenth embodiment

[0098] 按图7中指定本例的各组分及其百分比,采用上述成型丝及其制备方法第一实施例进行制备。 [0098] The components of this embodiment designated percentage and 7, the wire forming the above-described first embodiment and its method of preparation was prepared.

[0099] 成型丝及其制备方法第十四实施例 [0099] The method of preparing the forming wire and the fourteenth embodiment

[0100] 按图7中指定本例的各组分及其百分比,采用上述成型丝及其制备方法第一实施例进行制备。 [0100] The components of this embodiment designated percentage and 7, the wire forming the above-described first embodiment and its method of preparation was prepared.

[0101] 成型丝及其制备方法第十五实施例 [0101] The method of preparing the forming wire and the fifteenth embodiment

[0102] 按图7中指定本例的各组分及其百分比,采用上述成型丝及其制备方法第一实施例进行制备。 [0102] The components of this embodiment designated percentage and 7, the wire forming the above-described first embodiment and its method of preparation was prepared.

[0103] 成型丝及其制备方法第十六实施例 [0103] The method of preparing the forming wire and the sixteenth embodiment

[0104] 按图7中指定本例的各组分及其百分比,采用上述成型丝及其制备方法第一实施例进行制备。 [0104] The components of this embodiment designated percentage and 7, the wire forming the above-described first embodiment and its method of preparation was prepared.

[0105] 成型丝及其制备方法第十七实施例 [0105] The method of preparing the forming wire and the seventeenth embodiment

[0106] 按图8中指定本例的各组分及其百分比,采用上述成型丝及其制备方法第一实施例进行制备。 [0106] The components of this embodiment designated percentage and in FIG. 8, the forming wire and the above-described preparation method of the first embodiment was prepared.

[0107] 成型丝及其制备方法第十八实施例 [0107] the forming wire and preparation method of the eighteenth embodiment

[0108] 按图8中指定本例的各组分及其百分比,采用上述成型丝及其制备方法第一实施例进行制备。 [0108] The components of this embodiment designated percentage and in FIG. 8, the forming wire and the above-described preparation method of the first embodiment was prepared.

[0109] 成型丝及其制备方法第十九实施例 [0109] The method of preparing the forming wire and the nineteenth embodiment

[0110] 按图8中指定本例的各组分及其百分比,采用上述成型丝及其制备方法第一实施例进行制备。 [0110] The components of this embodiment designated percentage and in FIG. 8, the forming wire and the above-described preparation method of the first embodiment was prepared.

[0111] 成型丝及其制备方法第二十实施例 [0111] The method of preparing the forming wire and twentieth embodiments

[0112] 按图8中指定本例的各组分及其百分比,采用上述成型丝及其制备方法第一实施例进行制备。 [0112] The components of this embodiment designated percentage and in FIG. 8, the forming wire and the above-described preparation method of the first embodiment was prepared.

[0113] 成型丝及其制备方法第二十一实施例 [0113] The method of preparing the forming wire and a twenty-first embodiment

[0114] 按图9中指定本例的各组分及其百分比,采用上述成型丝及其制备方法第一实施例进行制备。 [0114] The components of this embodiment designated percentage and in FIG. 9, the forming wire and the above-described preparation method of the first embodiment was prepared.

[0115] 成型丝及其制备方法第二十二实施例 [0115] The method of preparing the forming wire and twenty-second embodiment

[0116] 按图9中指定本例的各组分及其百分比,采用上述成型丝及其制备方法第一实施例进行制备。 [0116] The components of this embodiment designated percentage and in FIG. 9, the forming wire and the above-described preparation method of the first embodiment was prepared.

[0117] 成型丝及其制备方法第二十三实施例 [0117] The method of preparing the forming wire and twenty-third embodiment

[0118] 按图9中指定本例的各组分及其百分比,采用上述成型丝及其制备方法第一实施例进行制备。 [0118] The components of this embodiment designated percentage and in FIG. 9, the forming wire and the above-described preparation method of the first embodiment was prepared.

[0119] 成型丝及其制备方法第二十四实施例 [0119] The method of preparing the forming wire and twenty-fourth embodiment

[0120] 按图9中指定本例的各组分及其百分比,采用上述成型丝及其制备方法第一实施例进行制备。 [0120] The components of this embodiment designated percentage and in FIG. 9, the forming wire and the above-described preparation method of the first embodiment was prepared.

[0121] 成型丝及其制备方法第二十五实施例 [0121] The method of preparing the forming wire and twenty-fifth embodiment

[0122] 按图10中指定本例的各组分及其百分比,采用上述成型丝及其制备方法第一实施例进彳T制备。 [0122] The components of this embodiment designated percentage and in FIG. 10, the above-described first forming wire and preparation method Preparation Example T into the left foot.

[0123] 成型丝及其制备方法第二十六实施例 [0123] The method of preparing the forming wire and a twenty-sixth embodiment

[0124] 按图10中指定本例的各组分及其百分比,并用TPU代替TPE,用增塑剂代替脱模剂, 采用上述成型丝及其制备方法第一实施例进行制备。 [0124] The components of this embodiment designated percentage and 10, and replaced by TPU TPE, plasticizers instead of a release agent, the above-described method of preparing the forming wire and the first embodiment is prepared.

[0125] 成型丝及其制备方法第二十七实施例 [0125] The method of preparing the forming wire and twenty-seventh embodiment

[0126] 按图10中指定本例的各组分及其百分比,并用TPV代替TPE,用相容剂代替脱模剂, 采用上述成型丝及其制备方法第一实施例进行制备。 [0126] The components of this embodiment designated percentage and 10, and instead of using TPV TPE, a release agent in place of a compatibilizing agent, the above-described method of preparing the forming wire and the first embodiment is prepared.

[0127] 成型丝及其制备方法第二十八实施例 [0127] The method of preparing the forming wire and twenty-eighth embodiment

[0128]按图10中指定本例的各组分及其百分比,并用石蜡油代替白矿油,采用上述成型丝及其制备方法第一实施例进行制备。 [0128] The components of this embodiment designated percentage and 10, and instead of white mineral oil with paraffin oil, the above-described method of preparing the forming wire and the first embodiment is prepared.

[0129]成型丝及其制备方法第二十九实施例 [0129] The method of preparing the forming wire and twenty-ninth embodiment

[0130]按图11中指定本例的各组分及其百分比,采用上述成型丝及其制备方法第一实施例进行制备。 [0130] The components of this embodiment designated percentage and in FIG. 11, the above-described method of preparing the forming wire and the first embodiment is prepared.

[0131] 成型丝及其制备方法第三十实施例 [0131] The method of preparing the forming wire and thirtieth embodiment

[0132]按图11中指定本例的各组分及其百分比,并用TPU代替TPE,采用上述成型丝及其制备方法第一实施例进行制备。 [0132] The components of this embodiment designated percentage and 11, and replaced by TPU TPE, the above-described method of preparing the forming wire and the first embodiment is prepared.

[0133]成型丝及其制备方法第三十一实施例 [0133] The method of preparing the forming wire and thirty-first embodiment

[0134]按图11中指定本例的各组分及其百分比,并用白矿油代替石蜡油,采用上述成型丝及其制备方法第一实施例进行制备。 [0134] FIG. 11 is specified as the present example and the percentage of each component, instead of paraffin oil and white mineral oil, the above-described first embodiment on the forming wire and the method of Example prepared.

[0135]成型丝及其制备方法第三十二实施例 [0135] The method of preparing the forming wire and the 32th embodiment

[0136]按图11中指定本例的各组分及其百分比,并用TPV代替TPE,用增塑剂代替相容剂, 采用上述成型丝及其制备方法第一实施例进行制备。 [0136] FIG. 11 is specified as the present example and the percentage of each component, and replaced with a TPV TPE, instead of a plasticizer compatible with the agent, the above-described method of preparing the forming wire and the first embodiment is prepared.

[0137]成型丝及其制备方法第三十三实施例 [0137] The method of preparing the forming wire and the 33rd embodiment

[0138]作为对本发明成型丝及其制备方法第三十三实施例的说明,以下仅对与上述成型丝及其制备方法第一实施例的不同之处进行说明。 [0138] As described 33rd embodiment of the forming wire and the method of preparation of the present invention, hereinafter, only the above-described method for preparing the forming wire and the first embodiment is different from the embodiment will be described.

[0139]用TP贈代TPE,用石油蜡替代白矿油,用ABS替代PLA,用增塑剂替代脱模剂。 [0139] TP donated by substituting TPE, petroleum waxes replaced with white mineral oil, replace PLA with ABS, plasticizers alternative release agent.

[0M0]成型丝及其制备方法第三十四实施例 [0M0] and preparation method on the forming wire embodiment 34

[0141]作为对本发明成型丝及其制备方法第三十四实施例的说明,以下仅对与上述成型丝及其制备方法第一实施例的不同之处进行说明。 [0141] As is different from the description of the embodiment 34 of the forming wire and the method of preparation of the present invention, the following embodiment only the first embodiment described above the forming wire and its preparation method will be described.

[0142]用TPV替代TPE,用石油蜡替代白矿油,用ABS替代PLA,用相容剂替代脱模剂。 [0142] Alternatively a TPV TPE, alternatively with white mineral oil petroleum wax, substitute with ABS PLA, alternatively a release agent compatibilizing agent.

[0143]成型丝及其制备方法第三十五实施例 [0143] The method of preparing the forming wire and the 35th embodiment

[0144]作为对本发明成型丝及其制备方法第三十五实施例的说明,以下仅对与上述成型丝及其制备方法第五实施例的不同之处进行说明。 [0144] As the forming wire and described 35th embodiment of the production method of the present invention, will be described hereinafter, only different from the above-mentioned forming wire and preparation method of the fifth embodiment.

[0145]参见图12,成型丝2为一包芯线结构,由芯线21及包裹于芯线21外的包裹层22构成。 [0145] Referring to Figure 12, the forming wire 2 is a cored wire structure, composed of a core wrap layer 21 and the core wire 21 within the outer wrapping 22 其中,构成芯线的材料为TPE、聚烯烃、石蜡油及粘合剂,构成包裹层的材料为仙5。 Wherein the material constituting the core wire is TPE, polyolefins, paraffin oil and a binder, the material constituting the wrapping layer 5 cents.

[0146] 参见图I3,成型丝2的制备方法由拉丝步骤S21及包裹步骤S22构成。 [0146] Referring to FIG I3, the forming wire 2 consists of preparing the drawing step S21 and wrapping step S22.

[0147]拉丝步骤SW,将TPE、聚烯烃、石蜡油及粘合剂按相应重量百分比混合均勾,并通过细丝成形技术拉成规定直径的芯线。 [0147] SW drawing step, the TPE, polyolefins, paraffin oil and a binder are mixed by a respective hook weight percent, and molding techniques drawn into filaments by a predetermined wire diameter.

[0148]包裹步骤S22,待芯线冷却至室温后,通过包裹技术在芯线外包裹—层由ABS构成的包裹层。 [0148] wrapping step S22, the core After cooling to room temperature, the outer wrapping by wrapping the core technology - wrapping layer is composed of an ABS layer.

[0149]通过上述步骤制成的包芯线结构,每单位长度中,ABS所占重量比重为15〇/〇。 [0149] Core wire structure formed through the above steps, per unit length, ABS proportion by weight of a specific gravity of 15〇 / square.

[0150]成型丝及其制备方法第三十六实施例。 [0150] The method of preparing the forming wire and thirty-sixth embodiment.

[0151]作为对本发明成型丝及其制备方法第三十六实施例的说明,以下仅对与上述成型丝及其制备方法第三十五实施例的不同之处进行说明。 [0151] As described thirty-sixth embodiment of the forming wire and the method of preparation of the present invention will be described hereinafter, only the above-described method for preparing the forming wire and the thirty-fifth embodiment differs from the embodiment.

[0152]其中各组分及百分比与上述成型丝及其制备方法第六实施例的相同。 And wherein the same percentages of each component above the forming wire and preparation method of the sixth embodiment [0152].

[0153]成型丝及其制备方法第三十七实施例 [0153] The method of preparing the forming wire and the 37th embodiment

[0154]作为对本发明成型丝及其制备方法第三十七实施例的说明,以下仅对与上述成型丝及其制备方法第三十五实施例的不同之处进行说明。 [0154] As described 37th embodiment of the forming wire and the method of preparation of the present invention will be described hereinafter, only the above-described method for preparing the forming wire and the thirty-fifth embodiment differs from the embodiment.

[0155]其中各组分及百分比与上述成型丝及其制备方法第十二实施例的相同。 [0155] wherein the percentage of the components and the forming wire and the above-described method of preparing the same twelfth embodiment.

[0156]成型丝及其制备方法第三十八实施例 [0156] The method of preparing the forming wire and the 38th embodiment

[0157]作为对本发明成型丝及其制备方法第三十八实施例的说明,以下仅对与上述成型丝及其制备方法第三十五实施例的不同之处进行说明。 [0157] As the forming wire of the present invention and its preparation method described thirty-eighth embodiment, will be described hereinafter, only above the forming wire and preparation method thereof is different from the 35th embodiment.

[0158]其中各组分及百分比与上述成型丝及其制备方法第十六实施例的相同。 [0158] wherein the percentage of the components and the forming wire and the above-described method of preparing the same sixteenth embodiment.

[0159]成型丝及其制备方法第三十九实施例 [0159] The method of preparing the forming wire and the 39th embodiment

[0160]作为对本发明成型丝及其制备方法第三十九实施例的说明,以下仅对与上述成型丝及其制备方法第三十五实施例的不同之处进行说明。 [0160] As the forming wire of the present invention and its preparation method described 39th embodiment, the above will be described hereinafter, only the forming wire and preparation method thereof is different from the 35th embodiment.

[0161]其中各组分及百分比与上述成型丝及其制备方法第二十实施例的相同。 [0161] wherein the percentage of the components and the forming wire and the above-described method of preparing the same twentieth embodiment.

[0162]成型丝及其制备方法第四十实施例 [0162] The method of preparing the forming wire and the 40th embodiment

[0163]作为对本发明成型丝及其制备方法第四十实施例的说明,以下仅对与上述成型丝及其制备方法第三十五实施例的不同之处进行说明。 [0163] As described 40th embodiment of the forming wire and the method of preparation of the present invention will be described hereinafter, only the above-described method for preparing the forming wire and the thirty-fifth embodiment differs from the embodiment.

[0164]其中各组分及百分比与上述成型丝及其制备方法第二十四实施例的相同。 [0164] wherein the percentage of the components and the forming wire and the above-described method for preparing the same as the twenty-fourth embodiment.

[0165]成型丝及其制备方法第四十一实施例 [0165] The method of preparing the forming wire and the 41th embodiment

[0166]作为对本发明成型丝及其制备方法第四十一实施例的说明,以下仅对与上述成型丝及其制备方法第二十六实施例的不同之处进行说明。 [0166] As described 41th embodiment of the forming wire and the method of preparation of the present invention will be described hereinafter, only the above-described method for preparing the forming wire and is different from the twenty-sixth embodiment.

[0167]参见图14,成型丝3的芯线为一包芯线结构,由芯线31及包裹于芯线31外的包裹层32构成。 [0167] Referring to Figure 14, the core wire 3 of the forming wire is a cored wire structure, composed of a core 31 and wrapping the core wire 31 of the outer wrap layer 32. 其中,构成芯线的材料为PLA及ABS,构成包裹层的材料为TPE、聚烯烃、白矿油及脱模剂。 Wherein the material constituting the core of PLA and ABS, the material constituting the wrapping layer TPE, polyolefin, white mineral oil and a release agent.

[0168]参见图14,成型丝3的制备方法由拉丝步骤S31及包裹步骤S32构成。 [0168] Referring to Figure 14, the forming wire 3 consists of preparing the drawing step S31 and wrapping step S32.

[0169]拉丝步骤S31,将PLA与ABS混合均匀,并通过细丝成形技术拉成规定直径的芯线。 [0169] Drawing step S31, the PLA is mixed with ABS, and the forming technique drawn into filaments by a predetermined wire diameter.

[0170]包袠步骤S32,将TPE、聚烯烃、白矿油及脱模剂按相应重量百分比混合均匀,待芯线冷却至室温后,通过包裹技术在芯线外包裹一层由它们构成的包裹层。 [0170] packet Zhi step S32, the TPE, polyolefin, white mineral oil and a release agent were uniformly mixed by the corresponding weight percentages, the core wire to be cooled to room temperature, technique by wrapping the outer wrap layer of the core wire constituted by their parcel layer.

[0171]通过上述步骤制成的包芯线结构,每单位长度中,PLA所占重量百分比为7 5%,ABS 所占的重量百分比为7.5%。 [0171] Core wire structure formed through the above steps, per unit length, PLA occupies 75 wt% by weight ABS accounts for 7.5%.

[0172]成型丝及其制备方法第四十二实施例 [0172] The method of preparing the forming wire and the forty-second embodiment

[0173]作为对本发明成型丝及其制备方法第四十二实施例的说明,以下仅对与上述成型丝及其制备方法第四十一实施例的不同之处进行说明。 [0173] As described on the forming wire and the forty-second embodiment of the production method of the present invention, will be described hereinafter, only above the forming wire and preparation method thereof is different from the 41th embodiment.

[0174]其中各组分及百分比与上述成型丝及其制备方法第二十八实施例的相同。 And wherein the same percentages of each component above the forming wire and preparation method of the twenty-eighth embodiment [0174].

[0175]成型丝及其制备方法第四十三实施例 [0175] The method of preparing the forming wire and the 43rd embodiment

[0176]作为对本发明成型丝及其制备方法第四十三实施例的说明,以下仅对与上述成型丝及其制备方法第四i^一实施例的不同之处进行说明。 [0176] As described the forming wire and the method of preparation of the present invention is the forty-third embodiment, only the above-described method for preparing the forming wire and a i ^ fourth embodiment differs from the embodiment will be described.

[0177]其中各组分及百分比与上述成型丝及其制备方法第三十实施例的相同。 [0177] wherein the percentage of the components and the forming wire and the above-described method for preparing the same thirtieth embodiment.

[0178]成型丝及其制备方法第四十四实施例 [0178] The method of preparing the forming wire and the forty-fourth embodiment

[0179]作为对本发明成型丝及其制备方法第四十四实施例的说明,以下仅对与上述成型丝及其制备方法第四十一实施例的不同之处进行说明。 [0179] As described on the forming wire and the forty-fourth embodiment of the production method of the present invention, will be described hereinafter, only above the forming wire and preparation method thereof is different from the 41th embodiment.

[0180]其中各组分及百分比与上述成型丝及其制备方法第三十二实施例的相同。 And wherein the same percentages of each component above the forming wire and preparation method of the embodiment 32 [0180].

[0181] 在上述制备包芯线结构的成型丝过程中,在拉丝步骤中采用上述成型丝及其制备方法第一实施例中的细丝成形设备及方法进行制备。 [0181] In the above-described process of forming the wire core thread structure prepared in the first forming wire and a preparation method and apparatus embodiment methods described in the filaments during the drawing forming is prepared by step.

[0182]在包裹步骤中,采用如图I6所示的一种现有细丝包裹形成设备在芯线外包裹一层规定层厚的包裹层。 [0182] In the coating step, the use of a conventional filament wrapping apparatus shown in FIG I6 core wrapped in an outer layer of a predetermined thickness of the layer of wrapping.

[0183]参见图16,包裹形成设备7具有螺杆挤压机71及包裹装置72,料斗713中的包裹层原料混合物05被送入加热筒内并被加热至熔融状态,伺服电机带动螺杆驱动熔融状态的原料混合物以一定的压力及流速流向包裹装置72的进料口721,并进入包裹腔723内。 [0183] Referring to FIG. 16, and wrapping wrapping means 71 is formed having a screw extruder apparatus 772, the raw material mixture layer wrapping hopper 713 into the heating cylinder 05 and is heated to a molten state, the servo motor for screw drive molten the raw material mixture at a constant state of pressure and velocity flows wrapping apparatus 721 of the feed port 72, and wrapped into the cavity 723. 在拉丝步骤制得的芯线61经冷却至室温后,从包裹装置72的进丝口722进入包裹腔723内,在包裹腔内熔融状态的包裹材料将包裹于芯线61外,并从包裹装置72的出丝口724被挤出,被挤出的细丝6由芯线61及包裹层62构成,细丝6经与上述拉丝步骤中的细丝从模具515的出料口被挤出后相类似的工序,可制得上述各实施例的成型丝。 In the step of drawing the core wire 61 obtained after cooling to room temperature, the wrapping means into the wire opening 72 into the cavity 722,723 wrapping, the wrapping material wrapping the cavity in a molten state to the outer wrapping wire 61, and the parcel a wire port 724 of the apparatus 72 is extruded, the extruded filaments 6 is constituted by a core wire 61 and a wrap layer 62, the filament 6 through the above-described drawing step the filaments is extruded from the die-slit 515 after a similar procedure can be prepared the above embodiment on the forming wire. 为了便于控制成型丝的精度,可优选制备出的成型丝为芯线熔点高于包裹层熔点。 In order to facilitate the control precision of the forming wire, it can be preferably prepared as a core wire of the forming wire wrap layer melting point higher than the melting point.

Claims (12)

1.成型丝,用于在三维打印过程中熔融构建三维物体的软弹性部分; 所述成型丝包括芯线及包裹于所述芯线外的包裹层; 构成所述包裹层的材料为PLA或ABS; 构成所述芯线的材料为热塑性弹性材料、聚烯烃、软化剂及添加剂; 按重量百分比,各组分的含量为: 热塑性弹性材料15%-80%; 聚烯烃4%-40%; PLA或ABS 15%-25%; 软化剂0%-30%; 添加剂0.1%-0.5%。 1. the forming wire, three-dimensional printing process is used to build the molten soft elastic three-dimensional object; the forming wire comprises a core wire and an outer wrapping layer is wrapped on the core wire; wrapping material constituting the layer or for the PLA the ABS; material constituting the core wire is a thermoplastic elastomer, a polyolefin, a softener and additives; percentages are by weight, the content of each component is: thermoplastic elastomer of 15% -80%; 4% -40% polyolefin; PLA or ABS 15% -25%; 0% to 30% softeners; 0.1% -0.5% of additives.
2. 根据权利要求1所述成型丝,其特征在于: 所述热塑性弹性材料为TPE、TPU、TPV中一种或几种的组合; 所述软化剂为白矿油; 所述添加剂为相容剂、增塑剂、粘合剂、脱模剂中的一种或几种的组合。 2. The forming wire according to claim 1, wherein: said material is a thermoplastic elastomer, a combination of TPE, TPU TPV one or several of; the softening agent is a white mineral oil; the additive is compatible agent, a plasticizer, a binder, a combination of one or more of the release agent.
3. 成型丝的制备方法,用于制备权利要求1所述成型丝; 该制备方法包括: 拉丝步骤,将构成芯线的材料通过细丝成形技术拉成规定直径的芯线; 包裹步骤,待芯线冷却至室温后,将构成包裹层的材料通过包裹技术在芯线外开彡成包裹层。 3. Preparation of the forming wire, according to claim 1 for the preparation of the forming wire; The preparation method comprising: the step of drawing, the material constituting the core filament forming techniques by pulling the core wire to a predetermined diameter; wrapping step, to be after cooling to room temperature the core wire, the material constituting the wrapping layer is wrapped by a wrapping technique to open San outside of the core layer. " "
4. 成型丝,用于在三维打印过程中熔融构建三维物体的软弹性部分; 所述成型丝包括芯线及包裹于所述芯线外的包裹层; 构成所述包裹层的材料为热塑性弹性材料、聚烯烃、软化剂及添加剂; 构成所述芯线的材料为PLA或ABS; 按重量百分比,各组分的含量为: 热塑性弹性材料15%-85%; 聚烯烃4%-40%; PLA或ABS 10%-25%; 软化剂0%-30%; 添加剂0.1%-0.5%。 4. the forming wire, soft elastic portion for printing three-dimensional three-dimensional object is constructed melt; the forming wire comprises a core wire and an outer wrapping layer is wrapped on the core wire; wrapping material constituting the layer is a thermoplastic elastomer , polyolefin, softeners and additives; material constituting the core wire of the ABS or PLA; percentages are by weight, the content of each component is: a thermoplastic elastomeric material 15% -85%; 4% -40% polyolefin; PLA or ABS 10% -25%; 0% to 30% softeners; 0.1% -0.5% of additives.
5. 根据权利要求4所述成型丝,其特征在于: 所述热塑性弹性材料为TPE、TPU、TPV中一种或几种的组合; 所述软化剂为白矿油; 所述添加剂为相容剂、增塑剂、粘合剂、脱模剂中的一种或几种的组合。 5. The method of claim 4 on the forming wire, wherein: said material is a thermoplastic elastomer, a combination of TPE, TPU TPV one or several of; the softening agent is a white mineral oil; the additive is compatible agent, a plasticizer, a binder, a combination of one or more of the release agent.
6. 成型丝的制备方法,用于制备权利要求4所述成型丝; 该制备方法包括: 拉丝步骤,将构成芯线的材料通过细丝成形技术拉成规定直径的芯线; 包裹步骤,待芯线冷却至室温后,将构成包裹层的材料通过包裹技术在芯线外开彡成包裹层。 A method of preparing the forming wire, for the preparation of the forming wire as claimed in claim 4; the production method comprising: the step of drawing, the material constituting the core wire is pulled through the filament forming techniques into a predetermined wire diameter; wrapping step, to be after cooling to room temperature the core wire, the material constituting the wrapping layer is wrapped by a wrapping technique to open San outside of the core layer.
7. 成型丝,用于在三维打印过程中熔融构建三维物体的软弹性部分; 所述成型丝包括芯线及包裹于所述芯线外的包裹层; 构成所述包裹层的材料为PLA及ABS; 构成所述芯线的材料为热塑性弹性材料、聚烯烃、软化剂及添加剂; 按重量百分比,各组分的含量为: 热塑性弹性材料15%-80%; 聚烯烃4%-40%; PLA 7.5%-15%; ABS 7.5%-15% 软化剂0%-30%; 添加剂0.1%-0.5%。 7. the forming wire, soft elastic portion for printing three-dimensional three-dimensional object is constructed melt; the forming wire comprises a core wire and an outer wrapping layer is wrapped on the core wire; wrapping material constituting said layer and PLA the ABS; material constituting the core wire is a thermoplastic elastomer, a polyolefin, a softener and additives; percentages are by weight, the content of each component is: thermoplastic elastomer of 15% -80%; 4% -40% polyolefin; PLA 7.5% -15%; ABS 7.5% -15% softening agent 0-30%; 0.1% -0.5% of additives.
8. 根据权利要求7所述成型丝,其特征在于: 所述热塑性弹性材料为TPE、TPU、TPV中一种或几种的组合; 所述软化剂为白矿油; 所述添加剂为相容剂、增塑剂、粘合剂、脱模剂中一种或几种的组合。 According to claim 7 on the forming wire, wherein: said material is a thermoplastic elastomer, a combination of TPE, TPU TPV one or several of; the softening agent is a white mineral oil; the additive is compatible agents, plasticizers, adhesives, release agents in combination with one or several of the.
9. 成型丝的制备方法,用于制备权利要求7所述成型丝; 该制备方法包括: 拉丝步骤,将构成芯线的材料通过细丝成形技术拉成规定直径的芯线; 包裹步骤,待芯线冷却至室温后,将构成包裹层的材料通过包裹技术在芯线外形成包裹层。 9. A method of preparing the forming wire, for the preparation of the forming wire as claimed in claim 7; the production method comprising: the step of drawing, the material constituting the core wire is pulled through the filament forming techniques into a predetermined wire diameter; wrapping step, to be after the core material was cooled to room temperature, the layers constituting the wrapping layer is formed on an outer wrapping by wrapping the core wire technique. " "
10.成型丝,用于在三维打印过程中熔融构建三维物体的软弹性部分; 所述成型丝包括芯线及包裹于所述芯线外的包裹层; 构成所述包裹层的材料为热塑性弹性材料、聚烯烃、软化剂及添加剂; 构成所述芯线的材料为PLA及ABS; 按重量百分比,各组分的含量为: 热塑性弹性材料15%_85%; 聚烯烃4%_40%; PLA 5%-15%; ABS 5%-15%; 软化剂0%-30%; 添加剂0.1%_0.5%。 10. The forming wire, soft elastic portion for printing three-dimensional three-dimensional object is constructed melt; the forming wire comprises a core wire and an outer wrapping layer is wrapped on the core wire; wrapping material constituting the layer is a thermoplastic elastomer , polyolefin, softeners and additives; material constituting the core wire and the ABS for the PLA; percentage by weight, the content of each component is: 15% thermoplastic elastomer _85%; polyolefin 4% _40%; PLA 5 % -15%; ABS 5% -15%; 0% to 30% softeners; _0.5% 0.1% additive.
11. 根据权利要求1〇所述成型丝,其特征在于: 所述热塑性弹性材料为TPE、TPU、TPV中一种或几种的组合; 所述软化剂为白矿油; 所述添加剂为相容剂、增塑剂、粘合剂、脱模剂中一种或几种的组合。 11. The method of claim 1〇 the forming wire, wherein: said material is a thermoplastic elastomer, a combination of TPE, TPU TPV one or several of; the softening agent is a white mineral oil; the additive relative compatibilizer, a plasticizer, a binder, a release agent in combination with one or several of the.
12. 成型丝的制备方法,用于制备权利要求1〇所述成型丝; 该制备方法包括: 拉丝步骤,将构成芯线的材料通过细丝成形技术拉成规定直径的芯线; 包裹步骤,待芯线冷却至室温后,将构成包裹层的材料通过包裹技术在芯线外形成包裹层。 12. A method of preparing the forming wire, for the preparation of the forming wire as claimed in claim 1〇; The preparation method comprising: the step of drawing, the material constituting the core filament forming techniques by pulling the core wire to a predetermined diameter; wrapping step, after the core material was cooled to room temperature, the layers constituting the wrapping layer is formed on an outer wrapping by wrapping the core wire technique.
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JP6461090B2 (en) * 2013-03-22 2019-01-30 マーク,グレゴリー,トーマス Three-dimensional printing method
CN103804863A (en) * 2013-09-02 2014-05-21 芜湖瀚博电子科技有限公司 Biodegradable plastic line for three-dimensional (3D) printing
CN103467950B (en) * 2013-09-29 2015-09-02 成都新柯力化工科技有限公司 3d print one kind of polylactic acid-modified material and method
KR101391293B1 (en) * 2013-11-04 2014-05-02 화인케미칼 주식회사 Composition for 3d printer filament
CN103756236B (en) * 2014-01-06 2017-01-11 朱叶周 The thermoplastic elastomer composition used for preparing flexible printing material printed rapid prototyping of three-dimensional
CN104004377A (en) * 2014-06-10 2014-08-27 广州市傲趣电子科技有限公司 Soft elastic 3D (Three-dimensional) printing rubber consumable material and preparation method thereof

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