CN104609300B - Railway structure of 10000-ton movable portal crane - Google Patents

Railway structure of 10000-ton movable portal crane Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104609300B
CN104609300B CN201510052432.1A CN201510052432A CN104609300B CN 104609300 B CN104609300 B CN 104609300B CN 201510052432 A CN201510052432 A CN 201510052432A CN 104609300 B CN104609300 B CN 104609300B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
concrete
plate
base
concrete pier
railway
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510052432.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN104609300A (en
Inventor
张弭
吴元良
隋绍元
熊壮
李平
黄雍
李志刚
李志诚
陈崇
杜斌武
Original Assignee
宏华海洋油气装备(江苏)有限公司
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Application filed by 宏华海洋油气装备(江苏)有限公司 filed Critical 宏华海洋油气装备(江苏)有限公司
Priority to CN201510052432.1A priority Critical patent/CN104609300B/en
Publication of CN104609300A publication Critical patent/CN104609300A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104609300B publication Critical patent/CN104609300B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C7/00Runways, tracks or trackways for trolleys or cranes
    • B66C7/08Constructional features of runway rails or rail mountings

Abstract

The invention discloses a railway structure of a 10000-ton movable portal crane. The railway structure comprises reinforced concrete, a pre-burying plate, a rack, a pressing plate and two side blocking plates, wherein the reinforced concrete is paved below a railway; the pre-burying plate is pre-buried in the reinforced concrete; the upper surface of the pre-burying plate exposes the reinforced concrete and keeps flatness with the surface of the reinforced concrete; discontinuous heaves of the reinforced concrete form concrete abutments disjunctively distributed below the railway; and a railway transition bridge is arranged in a cavity formed between the adjacent concrete abutments. By utilizing the railway structure of the 10000-ton movable portal crane, shock vibration of a hoisting device does not exist in the movement process, and the movement resistance is small. Meanwhile, potential safety accident risk caused by subsidence of concrete abutments arranged below the railway can be effectively avoided by the railway structure.

Description

The track structure of ton Moveable door type crane
Technical field
The invention belongs to oil drilling development technique field, more particularly, to a kind of rail of ton Moveable door type crane Road structure.
Background technology
The conventional method of construction of marine drilling platform is to build in dock, is limited to the gantry used by shipyard dock The restriction of crane capacity, ocean platform or large-scale component are generally resolved into module little one by one by shipyard first to be built in workshop Make, the module after building up is transported to and assembled in dock, that is, its part part by the way of playing with building blocks is piled up and formed. The shortcoming of this mode of construction is:1)Dock is the most important resources of production for shipyard, takies dock for a long time, affects shipyard Undertaking to Shipbuilding Contract;2)The platform construction cycle is long, low construction efficiency.
For solving the above problems, in industry occurred in that the new model that a kind of ocean platform ground is built in recent years, this Pattern is not take up dock resource completely, and whole building course all completes on ground, and construction period substantially shortens, and cost is significantly Reduction, is shipyard and shipowner brings considerable benefit.
Implement the pattern that ocean platform ground is built, the most important condition is to need a lifting with super large lifting capacity Machine, up to ten thousand tons of ocean platforms or component integral hoisting in order to build up ground move lower water.Shipyard commonly uses at present Although gantry has the elevating capacity of nearly kiloton, the weight that is also not enough to sling reaches tens thousand of tons of ocean platform.Although state A kind of interior existing fixed crane has ten thousand tons of elevating capacity, can complete the lifting operation of ten thousand tons of reconstruct parts, but should Crane is not equipped with cart walking structure, can only be on the position of a fixation hoisting heavy it is impossible to weight of enough slinging enters Row locus is moved, that is, it says needs by other equipments(As partly latent barge and towboat), just can complete ocean platform Lower water operation.In order to realize the movement to weight, this crane needs supporting other equipment immovable to make up it Deficiency, therefore increased the cost of operation.It is therefore desirable to developing a kind of new crane gear.
The track of crane gear is one of critical component of crane gear, the whole crane gear of good bad influence of its structure Service life and ability to work.Crane gear track structure of the prior art is as shown in Figures 1 and 2:Below in rail, Disconnected is provided with concrete pier base j05.Base plate j01 that track includes being embedded in concrete, two side shield j02, tooth bar j04, Pressing plate j03;Two side shield j02 are located at the both sides of base plate j01, and it is used for the roller to crane gear and rolls car(In figure is not drawn into) Guided and rectified a deviation, made roller vehicle along track travel.Tooth bar j04 is arranged on the centre of base plate j01, by pressing plate j03 with advance Tooth bar j04 is fixed on base plate j01 the foundation bolt j06 being embedded in concrete.Although this track structure can have been given and reset Standby walking is guided, but suffers from the drawback that:Because the use time along with crane gear increases, concrete pier base J05 can settle, and once there is differential settlement between two adjacent concrete pier base j05(I.e. adjacent concrete Difference in height occurs between pier)When, will occur in the horizontal direction across the track on two neighboring concrete pier base j05 Deformation.This deformation increases the walking structure of the crane gear and tooth bar j04 impulsive force when crane gear moves and resistance; As time goes on, this deformation is gradually increased, or even can cause the disengaging between base plate j01 and tooth bar j04, exists and leads to The risk of serious accident.
Content of the invention
In order to solve the problems of the prior art, it is an object of the invention to provide one kind can make crane gear motion process The track structure of the little ton Moveable door type crane of middle no impact shock, the resistance of motion.This track structure can be effective Avoid the brought potential risk of the concrete pier base sinking below setting in rail.
For achieving the above object, the present invention employs the following technical solutions:A kind of rail of ton Moveable door type crane Road structure include lay in rail below armored concrete, the embedded board being embedded in armored concrete, tooth bar, pressing plate, two Individual side shield;The upper surface of described embedded board is exposed armored concrete and is kept smooth and the surface of armored concrete between; The concrete pier base convexing to form below Disjunct distribution in rail of described armored concrete interruption;Adjacent concrete pier base it Between formed cavity in be provided with orbit transfer bridge;Described orbit transfer bridge include top board, base plate and setting top board and base plate it Between gripper shoe;The described top board of orbit transfer bridge is flushed with the embedded board on concrete pier base, and base plate is held within On embedded board between concrete pier base;Described tooth bar is located in the middle of track, and the tooth bar of wherein respective carter transition bridge section passes through Pressing plate and be bolted in the middle of the top board of orbit transfer bridge, the tooth bar of corresponding concrete pier base section passes through pressing plate and is embedded in steel Foundation bolt in reinforced concrete is fixed in the middle of embedded board;Described two side shields are located at the both sides of track respectively, wherein right The side shield answering orbit transfer bridge section is separately fixed at the top board both sides of transit bridge, and the side shield of corresponding concrete pier base section is respectively It is fixed on the both sides of embedded board.
Using above structure, after the track use time length of crane, even if there are two adjacent concrete piers The situation of differential settlement occurs between platform, will be in the horizontal direction across the orbit transfer bridge between two concrete pier bases The upper inclination producing a smaller angle compensating the difference in height between adjacent concrete pier so that the deformation of tooth bar becomes Gently, because tooth bar deforms the impulsive force brought and resistance during reduction crane movements, and then crane and tooth bar are reduced Depart from the risk factor causing security incident.
Preferred version is to be provided with backing plate between the base plate of described orbit transfer bridge and embedded board, this backing plate is fixed on pre- On buried plate, base plate is detachably arranged on backing plate.Using increasing backing plate, the base plate of orbit transfer bridge is detachably arranged in The mode of backing plate, when orbit transfer bridge occurs more serious deformation, facilitates the timely replacing of transit bridge.
Further preferred version, described backing plate is welded on embedded board, and base plate is bolted with backing plate.Using spiral shell Tether and connect, simple, convenient dismounting.
In sum, the track structure of the ton Moveable door type crane of the present invention can make crane gear be moved through In journey, no impact shock, the resistance of motion are little.Meanwhile, this track structure can be prevented effectively from the concrete pier below setting in rail The risk of the potential security incident of generation that platform is brought when sinking.
Brief description
To further describe the present invention below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments:
Fig. 1 is track structure principle schematic of the prior art;
Fig. 2 be Fig. 1 in D-D to cross-sectional schematic;
Fig. 3 be Fig. 1 in E-E to cross-sectional schematic;
Fig. 4 is the schematic top plan view of the track structure of ton Moveable door type crane of the present invention;
Fig. 5 be Fig. 4 in A-A to cross-sectional schematic;
Fig. 6 is the cross-sectional schematic of the B-B direction in Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 be Fig. 5 in C-C to cross-sectional schematic.
Specific embodiment
As shown in Figures 4 to 7, a kind of track structure of ton Moveable door type crane includes laying in rail j10 The armored concrete j6 of lower section, the embedded board j1 being embedded in armored concrete j6, tooth bar j4, pressing plate j3, two side shield j2; The upper surface of described embedded board j1 is exposed armored concrete j6 and is kept smooth and the surface of armored concrete j6 between;Described The concrete pier base j5 convexing to form below Disjunct distribution in rail j10 of armored concrete j6 interruption;Adjacent concrete pier It is provided with orbit transfer bridge j7 in the cavity being formed between platform j5;Described orbit transfer bridge j7 include top board j71, base plate j72 and Gripper shoe j73 between setting top board j71 and base plate j72;The top board j71 of described orbit transfer bridge j7 with positioned at concrete pier base Embedded board j1 on j5 flushes, and base plate j72 is held within the embedded board j1 between concrete pier base j5, in the present embodiment It is provided with backing plate j8 between the base plate j72 and embedded board j1 of described orbit transfer bridge j7(And described backing plate j8 is welded on embedded board On j1), base plate j72 and backing plate j1 pass through that bolt j9 is dismountable to be fixedly connected;Described tooth bar j4 is located in the middle of track j10, its The tooth bar j4 of middle respective carter transition bridge section j7 passes through pressing plate j3 and is bolted in the middle of the top board j71 of orbit transfer bridge j7, The tooth bar j4 of corresponding concrete pier base j5 section is fixed on pre- by the pressing plate j3 and foundation bolt j61 being embedded in armored concrete In the middle of buried plate j1;Described two side shield j2 are located at the both sides of track j10, the wherein side block of respective carter transit bridge j7 section respectively Plate j2 is separately fixed at the top board j71 both sides of orbit transfer bridge j7, and the side shield j2 of corresponding concrete pier base j5 section fixes respectively Both sides in embedded board j1.
Using the structure arranging orbit transfer bridge j7 in the cavity being formed between the concrete pier base j5 adjacent at two, make When there is differential settlement between proper different concrete pier base j5, orbit transfer bridge j7 can occur one in the horizontal direction Individual low-angle inclination, to compensate the difference in height between different concrete pier base j5, slows down the tooth bar j4 deformation of track j10, from And reduce the impulsive force in crane movements and resistance, and then avoid crane that the appearance of the security incidents such as derailing occurs.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of track structure of ton Moveable door type crane it is characterised in that:It includes laying below in rail Armored concrete, the embedded board being embedded in armored concrete, tooth bar, pressing plate, two side shields;The upper surface of described embedded board Expose armored concrete and keep smooth and the surface of armored concrete between;What described armored concrete was interrupted convexes to form Concrete pier base below Disjunct distribution in rail;It is provided with orbit transfer in the cavity being formed between adjacent concrete pier base Bridge;Described orbit transfer bridge includes the gripper shoe between top board, base plate and setting top board and base plate;The top of described orbit transfer bridge Plate is flushed with the embedded board on concrete pier base, and base plate is held within the embedded board between concrete pier base;Described Tooth bar is located in the middle of track, and the tooth bar of wherein respective carter transition bridge section passes through pressing plate and the top being bolted to orbit transfer bridge In the middle of plate, the tooth bar of corresponding concrete pier base section passes through pressing plate and is held within the foundation bolt being embedded in armored concrete In the middle of embedded board on concrete pier base;Described two side shields are located at the both sides of track, wherein respective carter transit bridge respectively The side shield of section is separately fixed at the top board both sides of orbit transfer bridge, and the side shield of corresponding concrete pier base section is separately fixed at position The both sides of the embedded board on concrete pier base.
2. according to claim 1 a kind of track structure of ton Moveable door type crane it is characterised in that:Described rail Be provided with backing plate between embedded board between the base plate of road transit bridge and concrete pier base, this backing plate be fixed on concrete pier base it Between embedded board on, base plate is detachably arranged on backing plate.
3. according to claim 2 a kind of track structure of ton Moveable door type crane it is characterised in that:Described pad On the embedded board between concrete pier base, base plate is bolted plate weld with backing plate.
CN201510052432.1A 2015-02-02 2015-02-02 Railway structure of 10000-ton movable portal crane CN104609300B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510052432.1A CN104609300B (en) 2015-02-02 2015-02-02 Railway structure of 10000-ton movable portal crane

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510052432.1A CN104609300B (en) 2015-02-02 2015-02-02 Railway structure of 10000-ton movable portal crane

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CN104609300A CN104609300A (en) 2015-05-13
CN104609300B true CN104609300B (en) 2017-02-22

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Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105236265B (en) * 2015-11-06 2017-04-12 中冶辽宁德龙钢管有限公司 Reinforcing method and reinforcing structure for rail of portal crane
CN106869535A (en) * 2017-03-21 2017-06-20 安徽卓航展示用品有限公司 Stage structure
CN106930567A (en) * 2017-03-21 2017-07-07 安徽卓航展示用品有限公司 Stage setting
CN106939709A (en) * 2017-03-21 2017-07-11 安徽卓航展示用品有限公司 Stage mechanism
CN107060391A (en) * 2017-03-21 2017-08-18 安徽卓航展示用品有限公司 Stage structure
CN106939715A (en) * 2017-03-21 2017-07-11 安徽卓航展示用品有限公司 Stage equipment
CN106836875A (en) * 2017-03-21 2017-06-13 安徽卓航展示用品有限公司 Stage setting

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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JP2874573B2 (en) * 1994-12-20 1999-03-24 株式会社大林組 Rail foundation and its repair method
JP2002332645A (en) * 2001-05-08 2002-11-22 Nkk Corp Foundation structure of rail for ground-traveling crane and laying method for foundation
DE202006011142U1 (en) * 2006-07-19 2006-10-05 Thyssenkrupp Gft Gleistechnik Gmbh Support system for railway track especially in load transfer sites has the rails supported on concrete support beams via vertical bolts and support plates
KR100879615B1 (en) * 2007-07-27 2009-01-21 대광공영(주) Clamping device of base plate for rail of crane and clamping method of the same
CN101838955A (en) * 2010-05-31 2010-09-22 中铁二十一局集团有限公司 Existing line transverse lifting strengthening method and structure
CN102011351A (en) * 2010-11-04 2011-04-13 北京首钢建设集团有限公司 Railway reinforced construction method
CN204588479U (en) * 2015-02-02 2015-08-26 宏华海洋油气装备(江苏)有限公司 The track structure of ton Moveable door type hoisting crane

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2874573B2 (en) * 1994-12-20 1999-03-24 株式会社大林組 Rail foundation and its repair method
JP2002332645A (en) * 2001-05-08 2002-11-22 Nkk Corp Foundation structure of rail for ground-traveling crane and laying method for foundation
DE202006011142U1 (en) * 2006-07-19 2006-10-05 Thyssenkrupp Gft Gleistechnik Gmbh Support system for railway track especially in load transfer sites has the rails supported on concrete support beams via vertical bolts and support plates
KR100879615B1 (en) * 2007-07-27 2009-01-21 대광공영(주) Clamping device of base plate for rail of crane and clamping method of the same
CN101838955A (en) * 2010-05-31 2010-09-22 中铁二十一局集团有限公司 Existing line transverse lifting strengthening method and structure
CN102011351A (en) * 2010-11-04 2011-04-13 北京首钢建设集团有限公司 Railway reinforced construction method
CN204588479U (en) * 2015-02-02 2015-08-26 宏华海洋油气装备(江苏)有限公司 The track structure of ton Moveable door type hoisting crane

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