CN104594560A - Prefabricated frame column - Google Patents

Prefabricated frame column Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104594560A
CN104594560A CN201510054376.5A CN201510054376A CN104594560A CN 104594560 A CN104594560 A CN 104594560A CN 201510054376 A CN201510054376 A CN 201510054376A CN 104594560 A CN104594560 A CN 104594560A
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China
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prefabricated frame
frame
prefabricated
precast
frame trestle
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CN201510054376.5A
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柳忠东
吴永兴
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柳忠东
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Priority to CN201510054376.5A priority Critical patent/CN104594560A/en
Publication of CN104594560A publication Critical patent/CN104594560A/en
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Abstract

The invention provides a prefabricated frame column which is characterized in that at least two brackets are arranged on the upper part of the prefabricated frame column. The prefabricated frame column provided by the invention is specially used for assembling an overall concrete large-span framework structure system. The assembled overall concrete large-span framework structure system comprises a prefabricated frame column, a prefabricated frame beam, a prefabricated truss beam and a prefabricated plate, wherein all the members are subjected to factory prefabrication production and are spliced on the construction site. The span of 40m or below can be realized, the functional requirements on various public buildings and industrial buildings are met, and the cost is greatly reduced. In addition, the building serves as an advanced industrial building, the members are subjected to factory prefabrication production, the workload on the construction site is greatly reduced, the construction period is greatly shortened, and good economical benefits are achieved.

Description

A kind of prefabricated frame trestle
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of prefabricated frame trestle, belong to building field.
Background technology
At home, the sustainable development of real estate, greatly driven the growth of domestic economy, national strength strengthens day by day.But while economy rapidly increases, the fact that environment goes from bad to worse progressively is put in face of compatriots.Let us is had to our behavior of serious soul-searching, starts to pursue a kind of sustainable development route simultaneously.
Builing industry is the important substance production division of national economy, and with the development of whole national economy, the improvement of people's lives has close relationship.But in the face of the scarcity day by day with labour that consumes excessively of resource environment, builing industry is transition and upgrade urgently, and architectural industrialization has become the inexorable trend of industry development.Advancing architectural industrialization greatly will promote energy-saving and emission-reduction, advance green safety construction, promote housing quality, improve human settlement, promote construction industry industry restructuring, is the effective way realizing green low-carbon building.
In propelling architectural industrialization process, all kinds of integrated technique, assembled architecture technology are as emerged rapidly in large numbersBamboo shoots after a spring rain; Popularity is started in housing construction industrialization.But public building, industrial construction are as the important component part of builing industry, and its industrialization level but lags far behind, and because its function is to the particular/special requirement in space, prior art still has significant limitation.The contradiction of engineering structures span and construction costs, the contradiction of engineering construction cycle and production time or business hours, is badly in need of seeking a kind of new building system and solves these problems.
" energy-conservation, consumption reduction, reduce discharging, environmental protection " fundamental state policy for implementing, realize the sustainable development of natural resources and energy resources, country is advancing the modernization of building industry with all strength, improves industrialized level.Assembled architecture have industrialized level high, be convenient to winter construction, reduce job site wet trade amount, reduce material consumption, reduce the advantage such as dust from construction sites and building waste, it is conducive to the object realizing improving construction quality, enhance productivity, reduce costs, realize energy-saving and emission-reduction and protection of the environment.
In recent years, due to the raising that energy-saving and emission-reduction state basic policy requires, and significantly the going up of the price of labour power, simultaneously due to the popularity of advanced technology in fabricated construction, the application of fabricated construction starts to break away from low ebb, presents the trend risen rapidly.Assembled architecture is mainly applicable to all kinds of civilian construction of below Class B that non-seismic design and seismic fortification intensity are 6-8 degree seismic design area and Class B at present.Comprising residential building and public building.Structural system mainly comprises: prefabricated integral frame structure, assembled integral shear wall structure, prefabricated integral frame-shear wall structure etc.
The application of assembled architecture in industrial construction and public building is much inferior, and the industrialization process speed as the pillar field industrial construction in builing industry and public building is slow.Because industrial construction generally requires comparatively large (because production technology needs) the span of structural system, the large span industrial construction majority of present stage is steel-structure factory building, concrete structure realizes comparatively difficulty, and the factory building majority of general span more than 18 meters is steel-structure factory building.Concrete structure rarely has realization.Public building such as exhibition room, parking building etc. require also higher to structural span, but due to the limitation of prior art, make designer have to when designing consider structural cost problem, thus such building using function is shunk greatly.
How advance the industrialization process of industrial construction and public building fast, realize large span simultaneously, reduce costs, shorten construction period, this is urgent problem in industrial construction and public building.
At present, a kind of longspan structure system generally adopted in single storey industry workshop is: " cast-in-place framed bent+prefabricated T plate " form of structure.
T plate: because of its form of fracture similar " double T ", therefore gain the name.T plate is precast unit.Span of slab can realize more greatly less than 27 meters spans, technology more ripe in longspan structure system in face of being.
As shown in Figure 1, 2, 3, " cast-in-place framed bent+prefabricated T plate system " comprises frame column 1, Vierendeel girder 2, T plate 3, and Vierendeel girder 1 and frame column 2 are overall cast-in-place shaping.T plate 3 is with Vierendeel girder 2 for bearing, and all reserved weldment of T plate 3 girt strip root, Vierendeel girder 2 relevant position, by being welded to connect.
There are two large technical problems in cast-in-place framed bent+prefabricated T plate system: one is poor seismic behavior; Two is that floor cracking phenomena is serious.
Although cast-in-place framed bent frame column, beam are cast-in-site, but because between upper Pin framed bent and lower Pin framed bent, span is too large, general all between 18 to 27 meters, connect too weak, very weak to the horizontal seismic force energy dissipation capacity in this direction, then add floor and be prefabricated T plate, and the connection of framed bent beam is very weak, cause integrality performance of the structure poor, general all suggestion in earthquake protection region adopts this form of structure now.
Because T plate is precast floor slab, the edge of a wing of encorbelmenting, the both sides of T plate is very thin, and due to component be prestressed member, because the impact of prestressed structure antiarch, floor out-of-flatness, when splicing between T plate and T plate, because respective antiarch degree is different, cause stitching position always crack.A lot of inconvenience is brought to the use in later stage.
This system is large because of the cast-in-place engineering quantity of its main body, therefore can not be considered as prefabricated integral frame structure.Therefore do not possess advantage and the feature of industrialized building.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem of the present invention and solution, provides a kind of prefabricated frame trestle, and it is exclusively used in assembled integral concrete large-span frame structural system.Assembled integral concrete large-span frame structural system comprises prefabricated frame trestle, prefabricated frame is set a roof beam in place, precast truss frame beam and precast plate.Described component is prefabrication and produces.Job site is carried out assembled.This structural system is mainly applicable in industrial construction and public building, is the effective means realizing industrial construction and public building industrialization.This technology is as a kind of novel industrialized building system, not only there is advantage and the feature of architectural industrialization, and can high strength wire easy to use and high-strength concrete, the span of less than 40 meters can be realized, meet the requirement of all kinds of public building and industrial construction function, and cost reduces greatly.In addition as the industrialized building of a kind of advanced person, its component all carries out Prefabrication in factory, and job site workload greatly reduces.Construction period shortens greatly.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention by the following technical solutions:
(1) an assembled integral concrete large-span frame structural system, comprises prefabricated frame trestle, prefabricated frame is set a roof beam in place, precast truss frame beam and precast plate; Described prefabricated frame trestle is set a roof beam in place with prefabricated frame respectively and precast truss frame beam is connected; Described precast plate is set a roof beam in place with prefabricated frame and is connected.
(2) the assembled integral concrete large-span frame structural system Gen Ju (1), described institute prefabricated frame is set a roof beam in place support precast plate.
(3) according to (1) or the assembled integral concrete large-span frame structural system described in (2), cast-in-situ concrete overlapping layers in described assembled integral concrete large-span frame structural system.
(4) the assembled integral concrete large-span frame structural system according to any one of (1)-(3), described prefabricated frame trestle is provided with bracket.
(5) the prefabricated frame trestle Gen Ju (4), described prefabricated frame trestle top is provided with at least two brackets.
(6) the prefabricated frame trestle according to any one of (3)-(5), described precast frame column section is rectangle or circular or other polygon.
(7) the prefabricated frame trestle according to any one of (3)-(6), described prefabricated frame trestle top is provided with two brackets, and described two brackets are in conjunction with as a whole.
(8) the prefabricated frame trestle according to any one of (3)-(7), the extended line that described two brackets prolong prefabricated frame trestle direction is crossing or different.
(9) the prefabricated frame trestle according to any one of (3)-(8), described prefabricated frame trestle top is provided with three brackets.
(10) the prefabricated frame trestle according to any one of (3)-(9), described prefabricated frame trestle top is provided with four brackets.
(11) the prefabricated frame trestle according to any one of (3)-(10), described bracket is ring-type.
(12) the prefabricated frame trestle according to any one of (3)-(11), the bottom embedded sleeve barrel of described prefabricated frame trestle or reserved vertical duct, the top reserved steel bar of described prefabricated frame trestle; Or the bottom reserved steel bar of described prefabricated frame trestle, the top embedded sleeve barrel of described prefabricated frame trestle or reserved vertical duct.
(13) the prefabricated frame trestle according to any one of (3)-(12), vertical duct or embedded sleeve barrel are reserved in the bottom of described prefabricated frame trestle, the top reserved steel bar of described prefabricated frame trestle; Or the bottom reserved steel bar of described prefabricated frame trestle, vertical duct or embedded sleeve barrel are reserved in the top of described prefabricated frame trestle; Or all reserved vertical duct, described prefabricated frame trestle both ends or embedded sleeve barrel; Or the equal reserved steel bar in described prefabricated frame trestle both ends.
(14) according to the prefabricated frame trestle described in any one of (3)-(13), embedded sleeve barrel or reserved horizontal reinforcement or built-in bolt sleeve or pre-buried socket joint groove or plug connector on prefabricated frame trestle above described bracket.
(15) the prefabricated frame trestle according to any one of (3)-(14), the bottom of described prefabricated frame trestle is or/and all there is double buckle at top, the staying of double buckle establish can ensure levels prefabricated frame trestle carry out sleeve grouting connect or slurry anchor connects time, horizontal joint position grouting material is closely knit full, and can not be spilled over to post appearance.
(16) the assembled integral concrete large-span frame structural system according to any one of (1)-(15), the cross section that described prefabricated frame is set a roof beam in place is rectangle, L shape or inverted T-shaped.
(17) prefabricated frame Gen Ju (16) is set a roof beam in place, the end face embedded sleeve barrel that described prefabricated frame is set a roof beam in place or reserved horizontal hole or pre-buried plug connector or pre-buried socket joint groove or pre-buried shield formula connector.
(18) set a roof beam in place according to (16) or the prefabricated frame described in (17), described embedded sleeve barrel or reserved horizontal hole or pre-buried plug connector or pre-buried socket joint groove or pre-buried shield formula connector are used for being connected with prefabricated frame trestle.
(19) prefabricated frame according to any one of (16)-(18) is set a roof beam in place, and described prefabricated frame is set a roof beam in place and is provided with reserved weldment or bolt connection piece.
(20) prefabricated frame according to any one of (16)-(19) is set a roof beam in place, and described reserved weldment or bolt connection piece are used for being connected with precast plate.
(21) prefabricated frame according to any one of (16)-(20) is set a roof beam in place, and the top exposed steel bar of described precast truss frame beam, described exposed steel bar can be closing ring formula or the short muscle of open type.
(22) prefabricated frame according to any one of (16)-(21) is set a roof beam in place, and the steel bar stress that described prefabricated frame is set a roof beam in place is prestressed reinforcement.
(23) prefabricated frame according to any one of (16)-(22) is set a roof beam in place, and the beam side that prefabricated frame is set a roof beam in place is provided with vertical groove, and described vertical groove is horizontal; Described groove, for holding the girt strip of precast plate, strengthens prefabricated frame and sets a roof beam in place and the connection function of precast plate.
(24) the assembled integral concrete large-span frame structural system according to any one of (1)-(23), described precast truss frame beam end is provided with tongue and groove.
(25) the precast truss frame beam Gen Ju (24), described precast truss frame beam is hollow form beam.
(26) according to (24) or the precast truss frame beam described in (25), the cross section of described hollow form beam is box section, or I shape.
(27) the precast truss frame beam according to any one of (24)-(26), described precast truss frame beam is solid form beam.
(28) the precast truss frame beam according to any one of (24)-(27), the cross section of described precast truss frame beam is rectangle.
(29) the precast truss frame beam according to any one of (24)-(28), the side of described precast truss frame beam arranges shearing tooth; Described shearing tooth can strengthen the connection function of precast truss frame beam and precast plate, effectively transmits horizontal stress, strengthens the globality of structure.
(30) according to the precast truss frame beam described in any one of (20)-(29), described precast truss frame beam is provided with reserved weldment or bolt connection piece or pre-buried plug connector or pre-buried shield formula connector.
(31) according to the precast truss frame beam described in any one of (20)-(30), described reserved weldment or bolt connection piece or pre-buried plug connector or pre-buried shield formula connector are used for being connected with prefabricated frame trestle.
(32) the precast truss frame beam according to any one of (20)-(31), the top exposed steel bar of described precast truss frame beam, described exposed steel bar can be closing ring formula or the short muscle of open type.
(33) the precast truss frame beam according to any one of (20)-(32), the steel bar stress of described precast truss frame beam is prestressed reinforcement.
(34) the assembled integral concrete large-span frame structural system according to any one of (1)-(33), described precast plate comprises web, is provided with girt strip, is provided with shearing tooth outside described girt strip on described web both sides; Be provided with truss bars at described web upper surface, described truss bars lower edge is embedded in web, winds up to be connected with rear pouring concrete overlapping layers.
(35) the described precast plate Gen Ju (34), is provided with tongue and groove in the end of described girt strip.
(36) the described precast plate Gen Ju (34) or (35), described girt strip is platy structure.
(37) precast plate according to any one of (33)-(36), is provided with shearing tooth outside described girt strip.
(38) according to the precast plate described in any one of (33)-(37), the end of described precast plate is provided with waterproof steel plate, and the lower end of described waterproof steel plate is embedded in web, waters in overlapping layers after the upper end of described waterproof steel plate is cast in.
(39) precast plate according to any one of (33)-(38), on described web bottom surface, is provided with concrete horizontal ribs between the girt strip of both sides.
(40) precast plate according to any one of (33)-(39), is provided with reserved weldment or bolt duct in girt strip end.
(41) precast plate according to any one of (33)-(40), sets a roof beam in place with prefabricated frame and is connected in described reserved weldment or bolt duct.
(42) precast plate according to any one of (33)-(41), described web and/or described girt strip are provided with hole.
(43) according to the assembled integral concrete large-span frame structural system described in any one of (1)-(42), described prefabricated frame trestle is set a roof beam in place with prefabricated frame respectively and precast truss frame beam adopts sleeve to be in the milk or starches anchor and is connected; Described precast plate and prefabricated frame are set a roof beam in place by weld or bolt connecting mode is connected.
(44) assembly method for assembled integral concrete large-span frame structural system, comprises the following steps:
A. bottom prefabricated frame trestle is connected with basis: basic top reserved steel bar inserted the embedded sleeve barrel of bottom prefabricated frame trestle lower end or reserve in vertical duct, then adopts sleeve grouting to connect or the connection of slurry anchor; Or the reserved steel bar of bottom prefabricated frame trestle lower end is inserted in basic top embedded sleeve barrel or reserved vertical duct, then adopt sleeve grouting connection or slurry anchor to connect;
B. prefabricated frame trestle and prefabricated frame set a roof beam in place, level connection joint between precast truss frame beam: by the reserved horizontal reinforcement of precast frame capital end, insert prefabricated frame to set a roof beam in place or in the embedded sleeve barrel of precast truss frame beam or reserved horizontal hole, adopt sleeve grouting to connect or slurry anchor connects; Or prefabricated frame is set a roof beam in place, the reserved horizontal reinforcement of precast truss frame beam, in the pre-buried horizontal bush inserting precast frame capital end or reserved horizontal hole, then adopt sleeve grouting to connect or slurry anchor connects; Or prefabricated frame trestle is set a roof beam in place with prefabricated frame, precast truss frame beam is connected by reserved weldment welding or bolt connection piece;
C. prefabricated frame is set a roof beam in place and the level connection joint between precast plate: prefabricated frame is set a roof beam in place with precast plate by weld or bolt connecting mode is connected;
D. cast-in-situ concrete overlapping layers: cast-in-situ concrete overlapping layers in described assembled integral concrete large-span frame structural system.
(45) assembly method of the assembled integral concrete large-span frame structural system Gen Ju (44), when assembling intermediate layer, the vertical connection of prefabricated frame trestle is: the reserved steel bar of precast frame column top inserts the embedded sleeve barrel of adjacent upper precast frame column bottom or reserves in vertical duct, adopts sleeve grouting to connect or the connection of slurry anchor; Or the reserved steel bar of precast frame column bottom, upper strata inserts the embedded sleeve barrel of adjacent lower precast frame column top or reserves in vertical duct, sleeve grouting is adopted to connect or the connection of slurry anchor; All the other steps repeat b, c, Step d.
(46) assembly method of basis (44) or the assembled integral concrete large-span frame structural system described in (45), described bottom prefabricated frame trestle is connected by the mode of double buckle with basis.
(47) assembly method of the assembled integral concrete large-span frame structural system according to any one of (44)-(46), the prefabricated frame trestle of adjacent levels is connected by the mode of double buckle.
(48) assembly method of the assembled integral concrete large-span frame structural system according to any one of (44)-(47), in described step b, the pre-buried socket joint groove of prefabricated frame trestle, set a roof beam in place and the pre-buried plug connector of end face of precast truss frame beam at prefabricated frame, adopt bayonet joint; Or the pre-buried plug connector of prefabricated frame trestle, sets a roof beam in place and the pre-buried socket joint groove of end face of precast truss frame beam at prefabricated frame, adopts bayonet joint; Or prefabricated frame trestle built-in bolt sleeve, sets a roof beam in place and the end face pre-buried shield formula connector of precast truss frame beam at prefabricated frame, described prefabricated frame trestle and prefabricated frame is set a roof beam in place and precast truss frame beam is bolted.
(49) assembly method of the assembled integral concrete large-span frame structural system according to any one of (44)-(48), in described step b, the tongue and groove of precast truss frame beam end constructs with the bracket of prefabricated frame trestle and matches; The set a roof beam in place cross-section structure of L shape or inverted T-shaped of tongue and groove and the prefabricated frame of precast plate end matches.
(50) assembly method of the assembled integral concrete large-span frame structural system according to any one of (44)-(49), in described step c, described precast plate is when arranging, can close-packed arrays between contiguous prefabricated plate, also can retain certain interval arrangement.
In the present invention, relational language is explained as follows:
Architectural industrialization: architectural industrialization refers to utilization modem management pattern, is produced by the component of standardized architectural design and modularization, batch production, realizes the assembling of the generalization of building structure parts and site operation, mechanization.Being the industrialization of whole building industry chain, the constructional materials in the product development of industrialization of construction industry forward end, downstream, the building energy even sale of building products are extended, is whole building trade more the distributing rationally of resource in industry chain (supply chain).If the leading role of technology is more emphasized in industrialization of construction industry, architectural industrialization then adds the combination in technology and economy and market.Development architectural industrialization is the right-about that architecture production mode is produced from extensive production to intensive style, is inevitable approach and the developing direction of industry modernization.
Precast unit: the concrete component made in advance in factory or scene.Comprise the form such as reinforced concrete member, Steel Reinforced Concrete Members.Comprise the components such as post, beam, plate.Be called for short prefabricated units.
Prefabricated concrete structure: the concrete structure be assembled by reliable connected mode by precast unit, comprises assembled monolithic concrete structure, full assembling concrete structure etc.In construction work, be called for short assembled architecture; In Structural Engineering, be called for short fabricated construction.
Assembled monolithic concrete structure: undertaken connecting by reliable mode by precast unit and with scene after pouring concrete, strength cement-based grouting material form overall prefabricated concrete structure.Be called for short cast in place and precast construction.
Assembled integral concrete frame structure: the assembled monolithic concrete structure that all or part of Vierendeel girder, frame column adopt prefabricated units to be built into.Be called for short assembling general frame structure.
Concrete laminated member: precast concrete beam, plate top at the scene after pouring concrete and the integrated member that formed.Be called for short superposed beam, superimposed sheet.
Concrete matsurface: the surface that the uneven or aggregate on prefabricated units bonding surface appears.Be called for short matsurface.
Reinforced bar sleeve grouting connects: insert reinforcing bar in metal sleeve pre-buried in precast unit and cement injection base grouting material and the bar connecting mode that realizes.
Reinforcing bar slurry anchor overlap joint connects: reserving hole channel in precast unit, in duct, insert the reinforcing bar that need overlap, and cement injection based sizing and the bar splicing connected mode that realizes.
Bolt connects: precast unit reserves bolt tightening latch duct, is carried out a kind of connected mode connected between component by bolt.
Be welded to connect: the pre-buried weldment in precast unit surface, realizes a kind of connected mode connected by weld seam between component.
Truss bars: the reinforcement component of the well-regulated wave-like of tool.Truss bars lower edge is embedded in prefabricated superimposed sheet, winds up to be combined with cast-in-place facing concrete.
Shearing tooth: the both sides being positioned at two rib superimposed sheet, arranges according to certain rule, plays the tongue and groove increasing superimposed sheet and rear pouring concrete snap-in force.
Bracket: evagination structure in local on frame column.
Tongue and groove: be commonly called as breach, namely there is local corner cut structure in component.
Vierendeel girder: as the brace summer of prefabricated component, precast plate two ends are supported on the Vierendeel girder at two ends respectively.
Basis: the part that bottom and the ground of building directly contact, base support top-out.
Girder truss defines: be strengthen precast plate and linking between Vierendeel girder, frame column, set up between the precast plate of precast plate plate across the adjacent layout of equidirectional with precast plate plate across the identical Vierendeel girder in direction.Girder truss should be arranged on the position of frame column, and two ends are all connected with frame column.Be different main direction with Vierendeel girder.
Double buckle: a kind of Push-fit.One end of component is stayed and is established projection, and the component connected therewith stays in joint face position and establishes groove.The bossing of one component is coupled as a whole with the groove part of another component.Prefabricated frame trestle is provided with double buckle, and arranging of double buckle can ensure that levels prefabricated frame trestle combines closely at seam crossing.When carrying out sleeve grouting and connecting or starch anchor connection, horizontal joint position grouting material is closely knit full, and can not be spilled over to post appearance.
Shield formula connector: edge is chosen in component ends surface or reserved the turning up of root, or component ends surface or root pre-buried with the embedded part choosing edge.Choose on edge and can stay apertured hole.
Prefabricated frame trestle provided by the invention, it is exclusively used in assembled integral concrete large-span frame structural system.Assembled integral concrete large-span frame structural system comprises prefabricated frame trestle, prefabricated frame is set a roof beam in place, precast truss frame beam and precast plate.Described component is prefabrication and produces.Job site is carried out assembled.This structural system is mainly applicable in industrial construction and public building, is the effective means realizing industrial construction and public building industrialization.This technology is as a kind of novel industrialized building system, not only there is advantage and the feature of architectural industrialization, and can high strength wire easy to use and high-strength concrete, the span of less than 40 meters can be realized, meet the requirement of all kinds of public building and industrial construction function, and cost reduces greatly.In addition as the industrialized building of a kind of advanced person, its component all carries out Prefabrication in factory, and job site workload greatly reduces, and the construction period shortens greatly, has good economic benefit.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the specific embodiment of the present invention is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is the overall cast-in-site structural representation of prior art Vierendeel girder and frame column;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of prior art T plate;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of prior art " cast-in-place framed bent+prefabricated T plate system ";
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of prefabricated frame trestle;
Fig. 5 is the top view of fan-shaped bracket prefabricated frame trestle;
Fig. 6 is the top view of large fan-shaped bracket prefabricated frame trestle;
Fig. 7 is the top view of annular bracket prefabricated frame trestle;
Fig. 8 is the structural representation that prefabricated frame is set a roof beam in place;
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of precast truss frame beam;
Figure 10 is the various schematic cross-section of precast truss frame beam;
Figure 11 is the structural representation of precast plate;
Figure 12 is the various schematic cross-section of precast plate;
The schematic diagram that when Figure 13 is assembling, prefabricated frame trestle is in place;
When Figure 14 is assembling, prefabricated frame is set a roof beam in place schematic diagram in place;
The schematic diagram that when Figure 15 is assembling, precast truss frame beam is in place;
The schematic diagram that when Figure 16 is assembling, precast plate is in place;
Figure 17 is that prefabricated frame is set a roof beam in place, precast truss frame beam and prefabricated frame trestle bayonet joint schematic diagram.
Figure 18 is that prefabricated frame is set a roof beam in place, precast truss frame beam and precast frame column bolt connection diagram.
In figure, 1 is frame column; 2 is Vierendeel girder; 3 is T plate; 4 is prefabricated frame trestle, and 4-1 is precast frame corner post, and 4-2 is precast frame side column, and 4-3 is precast frame center pillar, and 4-4 is bracket, and 4-5 is double buckle, and 4-6 is sector structure, and 4-7 is large sector structure, and 4-8 is ring-type; 5-1 is that inverted T-shaped prefabricated frame is set a roof beam in place, and 5-2 is that L shape prefabricated frame is set a roof beam in place, and 5-3 is groove; 6 is precast truss frame beam, and 6-1 is the tongue and groove of precast truss frame beam, and 6-2 is H-shape cross section, and 6-3 is box section, and 6-4 is rectangular cross section, and 6-5 is precast truss frame beam shearing tooth; 7 is precast plate, and 7-1 is girt strip, and 7-2 is web, and 7-3 is the tongue and groove of precast plate, and 7-4 is shearing tooth, 7-5 is truss bars, and 7-6 is waterproof steel plate, and 7-7 is "T"-shaped, and 7-8 is " II " shape, 7-9 is " III " shape, and 7-10 is " work " shape, and 7-11 is " mouth " shape, and 7-12 is shape; 8 is socket joint groove; 9 is plug connector; 10 is bolt sleeve; 11 is shield formula connector; 12 is bolt hole.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1:
As shown in Figure 4, described in a kind of prefabricated frame trestle 4, prefabricated frame trestle top is provided with at least two brackets.Multiple bracket is crossing or different along the extended line in prefabricated frame trestle direction.When described prefabricated frame trestle 4 is provided with two brackets, be precast frame corner post 4-1; When described prefabricated frame trestle 4 is provided with three brackets, be precast frame side column 4-2; When described prefabricated frame trestle 4 is provided with four brackets, be precast frame center pillar 4-3.
The bottom of described prefabricated frame trestle 4 is or/and double buckle 4-5 is all arranged at top, the staying of double buckle 4-5 establish can ensure levels prefabricated frame trestle carry out sleeve grouting connect or slurry anchor connects time, horizontal joint position grouting material is closely knit full, and can not be spilled over to post appearance.
As shown in Figure 5, can by two bracket 4-4 on described prefabricated frame trestle 4 top, in conjunction with as a whole formation sector structure 4-6.
As shown in Figure 6, can by three bracket 4-4 on described prefabricated frame trestle 4 top, in conjunction with the large sector structure 4-7 of as a whole formation.
As shown in Figure 7, can by four bracket 4-4 on described prefabricated frame trestle 4 top, in conjunction with as a whole formation ring-type 4-8.
Described precast frame column section is rectangle or circular or other polygon.Vertical duct or embedded sleeve barrel are reserved in the bottom of described prefabricated frame trestle, the top reserved steel bar of described prefabricated frame trestle; Or the bottom reserved steel bar of described prefabricated frame trestle, vertical duct or embedded sleeve barrel are reserved in the top of described prefabricated frame trestle; Or all reserved vertical duct, described prefabricated frame trestle both ends or embedded sleeve barrel; Or the equal reserved steel bar in described prefabricated frame trestle both ends.
Reserved horizontal reinforcement or built-in bolt sleeve 10 (as Figure 18) or pre-buried socket joint groove 8 (as shown in figure 17) or plug connector on described prefabricated frame trestle 4.
Embodiment 2:
As shown in Figure 8, a kind of prefabricated frame is set a roof beam in place, and its cross section is rectangle, L shape 5-2 or inverted T-shaped 5-1, and the beam sides that prefabricated frame is set a roof beam in place is provided with vertical groove 5-3, and described vertical groove 5-3 is horizontal.The both ends of the surface embedded sleeve barrel that described prefabricated frame is set a roof beam in place or reserved horizontal hole or pre-buried plug connector 9 (as shown in figure 17) or pre-buried shield formula connector 11 (as shown in figure 18).Described embedded sleeve barrel or reserved horizontal hole are used for being connected with prefabricated frame trestle.Described pre-buried plug connector 9 and pre-buried shield formula connector 11 are for being connected (as shown in Figure 17,18) with the pre-buried socket joint groove 8 of prefabricated frame trestle and built-in bolt sleeve 10 respectively.Contrary, can at the pre-buried plug connector of prefabricated frame trestle or pre-buried shield formula connector; And to set a roof beam in place pre-buried socket joint groove or built-in bolt sleeve at prefabricated frame.Described prefabricated frame is set a roof beam in place and is provided with reserved weldment or bolt connection piece.Described reserved weldment or bolt connection piece are used for being connected with precast plate.
The beam sides that prefabricated frame is set a roof beam in place is provided with vertical groove 5-3, and described vertical groove 5-3 is horizontal, and described groove 5-3, for holding the girt strip 7-1 (as shown in figure 11) of precast plate, strengthens prefabricated frame and sets a roof beam in place and the connection function of precast plate.The top exposed steel bar of described precast truss frame beam, described exposed steel bar can be closing ring formula or the short muscle of open type.The steel bar stress that described prefabricated frame is set a roof beam in place is prestressed reinforcement.Prefabricated frame is set a roof beam in place as the support of precast plate, and L ellbeam and inverted T-beam can effectively reduce building cover structure height in conjunction with the tongue and groove structure of precast plate, improve Indoor environment headroom.
Embodiment 3:
As shown in Fig. 9,10, a kind of precast truss frame beam 6, its end is provided with tongue and groove 6-1 for coordinating with the bracket of prefabricated frame trestle.Described precast truss frame beam 6 is hollow form beam.The cross section of described hollow form beam is box 6-3, I shape 6-2.The side of described precast truss frame beam arranges shearing tooth 6-5, and described shearing tooth 6-5 can strengthen the connection function of precast truss frame beam and precast plate, effectively transmits horizontal stress, strengthens the globality of structure.Described precast truss frame beam is solid form beam, if cross section is rectangle 6-4.Described precast truss frame beam is arcuately beam.Described precast truss frame beam is provided with reserved weldment or bolt connection piece, for being connected with prefabricated frame trestle.The top exposed steel bar of described precast truss frame beam, described exposed steel bar can be closing ring formula or the short muscle of open type.The steel bar stress of described precast truss frame beam is prestressed reinforcement.
In assembled integral concrete large-span frame structural system, if without precast truss frame beam 6, prefabricated frame trestle 4 is in large span direction without beam drawknot, and structural seismic performance is poor; Increase precast truss frame beam 6, structure can be made all to form framework two-way.Precast truss frame beam span is large, and depth of section is high.
Embodiment 4:
As shown in figure 11, a kind of precast plate 7, comprises web 7-2, is provided with girt strip 7-1 on described web 7-2 both sides; Outside described girt strip 7-1, be provided with shearing tooth 7-4, can increase with after water the snap-in force of overlapping layers, effectively transmit horizontal shearing stress; Described web 7-2 is provided with truss bars 7-5, and described truss bars 7-5 lower edge is embedded in web 7-2, winds up to be connected with rear pouring concrete overlapping layers.Described girt strip is platy structure.The two ends of described precast plate 7 are provided with waterproof steel plate 7-6.The lower end of described waterproof steel plate 7-6 is embedded in web 7-2, and water in overlapping layers after the upper end of described waterproof steel plate 7-6 is cast in, the engineering higher to some waterproof requirements, this structure can improve the water resistance of structure greatly.Be provided with tongue and groove in the end of described girt strip 7-1, can combine with L shape prefabricated frame the set a roof beam in place cross-section structure of 5-1 of 5-2 or inverted T-shaped prefabricated frame of setting a roof beam in place, effectively can reduce floor height, improve and use headroom.On described web 7-2 bottom surface, between the girt strip 7-1 of both sides, be provided with concrete horizontal ribs, increase the connection between two rib, the resistance to overturning of precast plate can be improved simultaneously, avoid because the panel stiffness between two rib is too weak cause self unstable failure.
Reserved weldment or bolt duct is provided with in girt strip 7-1 end.Set a roof beam in place with prefabricated frame and are connected in described reserved weldment or bolt duct.Described web and/or described girt strip are provided with hole.The steel bar stress of described precast plate is prestressed reinforcement.Described precast plate is reserving hole channel or pre-buried weldment on the girt strip of both sides, is bolted or is welded to connect between contiguous prefabricated plate.
As shown in figure 12, described precast plate section can be "T"-shaped 7-7, " II " shape 7-8, " III " shape 7-9, " work " shape 7-10, " mouth " shape 7-11 or shape 7-12.
Precast plate and traditional prefabricated T plate difference:
1, precast plate is without the edge of a wing of encorbelmenting, and T plate then all has the large edge of a wing of encorbelmenting.Without the precast plate integral rigidity on the edge of a wing of encorbelmenting higher than large edge of a wing T plate, during splicing, without edge of a wing precast plate not easily craze and transfiguration.
2, truss bars is reserved in the plate face of precast plate, effectively can be connected with the whole casting layer in later stage, strengthens the whole height of superstructure.T plate constructs without this.
3, shearing tooth is all left in the outside of two ribs of precast plate, and when splicing, shearing tooth and later stage cast-in-situ concrete snap-in force are better, more can improve the performance that superstructure transmits horizontal force, thus improves the consumption shake ability of superstructure.
4, for the precast plate of underground construction at the pre-buried waterproof steel plate in plate end, waterproof steel plate exposed junction is embedded in the whole casting layer in later stage, more can improve the water resistance of node.
Embodiment 5:
As shown in Fig. 1 to 18, a kind of assembled integral concrete large-span frame structural system, comprises prefabricated frame trestle 4, prefabricated frame sets a roof beam in place 6, precast truss frame beam 5 and precast plate 7; Described prefabricated frame trestle 4 set a roof beam in place with prefabricated frame respectively 5 and precast truss frame beam 6 be connected; Described precast plate 7 and prefabricated frame are set a roof beam in place and 6 to be connected.Described prefabricated frame is set a roof beam in place 5 support precast plates 7.Cast-in-situ concrete overlapping layers in described assembled integral concrete large-span frame structural system.
Described prefabricated frame trestle 4 is provided with bracket 4-4.
Described prefabricated frame set a roof beam in place 5 cross section be rectangle, L shape 5-2 or inverted T-shaped 5-1.Described precast truss frame beam 6 end is provided with tongue and groove 6-1.
As shown in figure 12, described precast plate 7 section be "T"-shaped 7-7, " II " shape 7-8, " III " shape 7-9, " work " shape 7-10, " mouth " shape 7-11, shape 7-2.Described precast plate 7 is provided with reserving hole.Tongue and groove 7-3 is provided with in the end of described precast plate 7.
Described prefabricated frame trestle 4 set a roof beam in place with prefabricated frame respectively 5 and precast truss frame beam 6 adopt sleeve to be in the milk to be connected or to starch anchor and connect.Described precast plate 7 and prefabricated frame set a roof beam in place 6 by weld or bolt connecting mode is connected.Described precast plate 7, prefabricated frame are set a roof beam in place the top exposed steel bar of 5 or precast truss frame beam 6.
Embodiment 6:
An assembly method for assembled integral concrete large-span frame structural system, comprises the following steps:
A. bottom prefabricated frame trestle is connected with basis: basic top reserved steel bar inserted the embedded sleeve barrel of bottom prefabricated frame trestle lower end or reserve in vertical duct, then adopts sleeve grouting to connect or the connection of slurry anchor; Or the reserved steel bar of bottom prefabricated frame trestle lower end is inserted in basic top embedded sleeve barrel or reserved vertical duct, then adopt sleeve grouting connection or slurry anchor to connect;
B. prefabricated frame trestle and prefabricated frame set a roof beam in place, level connection joint between precast truss frame beam: by the reserved horizontal reinforcement of precast frame capital end, insert prefabricated frame to set a roof beam in place or in the embedded sleeve barrel of precast truss frame beam or reserved horizontal hole, adopt sleeve grouting to connect or slurry anchor connects; Or prefabricated frame is set a roof beam in place, the reserved horizontal reinforcement of precast truss frame beam, in the pre-buried horizontal bush inserting precast frame capital end or reserved horizontal hole, then adopt sleeve grouting to connect or slurry anchor connects; Or prefabricated frame trestle is set a roof beam in place with prefabricated frame, precast truss frame beam is connected by reserved weldment welding or bolt connection piece;
C. prefabricated frame is set a roof beam in place and the level connection joint between precast plate: prefabricated frame is set a roof beam in place with precast plate by weld or bolt connecting mode is connected;
D. cast-in-situ concrete overlapping layers: cast-in-situ concrete overlapping layers in described assembled integral concrete large-span frame structural system.
When assembling intermediate layer, the vertical connection of prefabricated frame trestle is: the reserved steel bar of precast frame column top inserts the embedded sleeve barrel of adjacent upper precast frame column bottom or reserves in vertical duct, adopts sleeve grouting to connect or the connection of slurry anchor; Or the reserved steel bar of precast frame column bottom, upper strata inserts the embedded sleeve barrel of adjacent lower precast frame column top or reserves in vertical duct, sleeve grouting is adopted to connect or the connection of slurry anchor; All the other steps repeat b, c, Step d.
Described bottom prefabricated frame trestle is connected by the mode of double buckle with basis, and the prefabricated frame trestle of adjacent levels is connected by the mode of double buckle.
In described step b, the pre-buried socket joint groove of prefabricated frame trestle, sets a roof beam in place and the pre-buried plug connector of end face of precast truss frame beam at prefabricated frame, adopts bayonet joint; Or the pre-buried plug connector of prefabricated frame trestle, sets a roof beam in place and the pre-buried socket joint groove of end face of precast truss frame beam at prefabricated frame, adopts bayonet joint; Or prefabricated frame trestle built-in bolt sleeve, sets a roof beam in place and the end face pre-buried shield formula connector of precast truss frame beam at prefabricated frame, described prefabricated frame trestle and prefabricated frame is set a roof beam in place and precast truss frame beam is bolted.The tongue and groove of precast truss frame beam end constructs with the bracket of prefabricated frame trestle and matches; The set a roof beam in place cross-section structure of L shape or inverted T-shaped of tongue and groove and the prefabricated frame of precast plate end matches.
In described step c, described precast plate, can close-packed arrays between contiguous prefabricated plate when arranging, and also can retain certain interval arrangement.
As shown in figure 17, prefabricated frame trestle and prefabricated frame are set a roof beam in place, connected mode between precast truss frame beam is bayonet joint.
Pre-buried socket joint groove 8 on prefabricated frame trestle 4, pre-buried plug connector 12 on prefabricated frame is set a roof beam in place.During the assembling of job site component, prefabricated frame is set a roof beam in place 5 and the plug connector 8 of precast truss frame beam 6 insert in the socket joint groove 8 of prefabricated frame trestle 4 respectively, complete assembling.This connected mode site work amount is little, and connection speed is fast, effectively can improve the construction period.
As shown in figure 18, prefabricated frame trestle is set a roof beam in place with prefabricated frame, connected mode between precast truss frame beam is shield formula mechanical connection (bolt is connected).
Set a roof beam in place at prefabricated frame the section respectively pre-buried shield formula connector 11 of 5 and precast truss frame beam 6, described shield formula connector 11 is greater than prefabricated frame and sets a roof beam in place the section of 5 and precast truss frame beam 6.Prepared screw-bolt hole 12 on described shield formula connector 11.Described shield formula connector 11 also can be arranged on the position near beam-ends certain distance.Built-in bolt sleeve 10 on prefabricated frame trestle 4, by bolt and prefabricated frame set a roof beam in place 5 and precast truss frame beam 6 be mechanically connected.
This connected mode node good integrity, anti-seismic performance is good, and scene is easy to operation.In addition, control lower to the site error of Components installation, and be easy to alignment error.
Above embodiment object is the present invention is described, but not limits the scope of the invention, and all simple transformation made under the condition without prejudice to spiritual principles of the present invention all fall within the scope of protection of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a prefabricated frame trestle, is characterized in that: described prefabricated frame trestle top is provided with at least two brackets.
2. according to claim 1 prefabricated frame trestle, it is characterized in that, described precast frame column section is rectangle or circular or other polygon.
3. according to claim 1 prefabricated frame trestle, it is characterized in that, described prefabricated frame trestle top is provided with two brackets, and described two brackets are in conjunction with as a whole.
4. according to claim 1 prefabricated frame trestle, it is characterized in that, described two brackets are crossing or different along the extended line in prefabricated frame trestle direction.
5. according to claim 1 prefabricated frame trestle, it is characterized in that, described prefabricated frame trestle top is provided with three brackets.
6. according to claim 1 prefabricated frame trestle, it is characterized in that, described prefabricated frame trestle top is provided with four brackets.
7. according to claim 1 prefabricated frame trestle, it is characterized in that, described bracket is ring-type.
8. according to any one of claim 1-7 prefabricated frame trestle, it is characterized in that, vertical duct or embedded sleeve barrel are reserved in the bottom of described prefabricated frame trestle, the top reserved steel bar of described prefabricated frame trestle; Or the bottom reserved steel bar of described prefabricated frame trestle, vertical duct or embedded sleeve barrel are reserved in the top of described prefabricated frame trestle; Or all reserved vertical duct, described prefabricated frame trestle both ends or embedded sleeve barrel; Or the equal reserved steel bar in described prefabricated frame trestle both ends.
9. according to any one of claim 1-7 prefabricated frame trestle, it is characterized in that, embedded sleeve barrel or reserving hole channel or reserved horizontal reinforcement or built-in bolt sleeve or pre-buried socket joint groove or plug connector on described prefabricated frame trestle.
10. according to any one of claim 1-7 prefabricated frame trestle, it is characterized in that, the bottom of described prefabricated frame trestle is or/and top is provided with double buckle.
CN201510054376.5A 2015-01-30 2015-01-30 Prefabricated frame column Pending CN104594560A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106437031A (en) * 2016-10-21 2017-02-22 季氏预制装配建筑设计常州有限公司 One-step formed multi-layer prefabricated column with bracket as well as manufacturing method and construction method thereof
CN110258780A (en) * 2019-07-05 2019-09-20 王树华 It is a kind of can fast construction environment-friendlyhouse house frame structure
CN110722662A (en) * 2019-09-12 2020-01-24 北京市第三建筑工程有限公司 Manufacturing method of bracket-containing type precast concrete frame column

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CN103556781A (en) * 2013-10-31 2014-02-05 中国航空规划建设发展有限公司 Fabricated frame strip steel bracket long column and construction method thereof
CN103603435A (en) * 2013-12-06 2014-02-26 金陵科技学院 Assembled concrete seismic beam-column frame and construction method thereof
CN103741881A (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-04-23 王睿敏 Fabricated frame column and construction method
CN204081262U (en) * 2014-09-12 2015-01-07 江苏沪宁钢机股份有限公司 A kind of huge many brackets steel framework post
CN204609126U (en) * 2015-01-30 2015-09-02 柳忠东 A kind of prefabricated frame trestle

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JPH04111829A (en) * 1990-08-30 1992-04-13 Shimizu Corp Method for constructing large-span roof
CN103556781A (en) * 2013-10-31 2014-02-05 中国航空规划建设发展有限公司 Fabricated frame strip steel bracket long column and construction method thereof
CN103603435A (en) * 2013-12-06 2014-02-26 金陵科技学院 Assembled concrete seismic beam-column frame and construction method thereof
CN103741881A (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-04-23 王睿敏 Fabricated frame column and construction method
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106437031A (en) * 2016-10-21 2017-02-22 季氏预制装配建筑设计常州有限公司 One-step formed multi-layer prefabricated column with bracket as well as manufacturing method and construction method thereof
CN110258780A (en) * 2019-07-05 2019-09-20 王树华 It is a kind of can fast construction environment-friendlyhouse house frame structure
CN110722662A (en) * 2019-09-12 2020-01-24 北京市第三建筑工程有限公司 Manufacturing method of bracket-containing type precast concrete frame column

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