CN109577539A - Build inclined roof fabricated construction technique - Google Patents

Build inclined roof fabricated construction technique Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109577539A
CN109577539A CN201811521950.3A CN201811521950A CN109577539A CN 109577539 A CN109577539 A CN 109577539A CN 201811521950 A CN201811521950 A CN 201811521950A CN 109577539 A CN109577539 A CN 109577539A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
roof
slope
board
concrete
building
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Pending
Application number
CN201811521950.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
仇国辉
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仇国辉
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Priority to CN201811521950.3A priority Critical patent/CN109577539A/en
Publication of CN109577539A publication Critical patent/CN109577539A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B7/00Roofs; Roof construction with regard to insulation
    • E04B7/02Roofs; Roof construction with regard to insulation with plane sloping surfaces, e.g. saddle roofs
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B7/00Roofs; Roof construction with regard to insulation
    • E04B7/02Roofs; Roof construction with regard to insulation with plane sloping surfaces, e.g. saddle roofs
    • E04B7/06Constructions of roof intersections or hipped ends
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D3/00Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets
    • E04D3/02Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets of plane slabs, slates, or sheets, or in which the cross-section is unimportant
    • E04D3/04Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets of plane slabs, slates, or sheets, or in which the cross-section is unimportant of concrete or ceramics

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of building inclined roof fabricated construction techniques.It is characterized mainly in that: after concrete slope roof surface board is changed to plant produced into slope roof surface board component by the casting of live formwork, erecting bed is transported to using crane lifting installation, then by being poured a small amount of concrete in anchor point come build-in slope roof surface board, after handling slope roof surface board piece well as required and performing roof waterproof processing, then lid roofing decorative tile surface layer.The present invention has the advantages that 1, solve pitched roof assembly construction difficult problem;2, the pitched roof construction duration is shortened;3, simplify pitched roof working procedure;4, roofing materials category is simplified;5, project cost is saved;6, it economizes on resources, the energy, reduces rolled steel dosage 40%, concrete amount reduces 30%, and member dead weight mitigates 30%.

Description

Build inclined roof fabricated construction technique
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of building construction, especially a kind of building inclined roof fabricated construction technique.
Background technique
Building inclined roof is that a kind of extremely widespread types of roofs of traditional architecture are also that tradition and modern architecture are all difficult to lose A kind of roof system form abandoned, no matter beautiful from building it is, draining leakproof, keeping out wind and rain suffers from quite outstanding performance.But Its construction technique still retains traditional two kinds of techniques of timber structure tile roofing and concrete cast-in-situ top of the slope watt architectural surface, all Also according to traditional handicraft site operation.
Traditional timber structure tile roofing is a kind of unique mode of construction of traditional architecture, although it has many of building inclined roof Using the advantage of function and architectural image beauty, but there is durability, weatherability difference and resistance natural calamity ability are weak Fatal defects, and process is built on-site also time-consuming, effort, large labor intensity, maintenance and repair frequency are high and construction is cumbersome, therefore very It is necessary to reform its mode of construction.And the cast-in-place inclined roof of modern concrete is various excellent in succession and the traditional top of the slope of reservation Under the premise of point, its durability, weatherability and resistance natural calamity ability, but its field cast-in-place are solved the problems, such as But relative difficulty is big for the construction of slope surface, and construction formwork and coagulation casting are also very complicated, more time-consuming, work consuming and large labor intensity, Therefore building inclined roof realizes that assembling construction technology has extremely far-reaching realistic meaning.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of building inclined roof fabricated construction techniques.
The technical scheme is that concrete slope roof surface board is changed to plant produced into pitched roof by the casting of live formwork After board member, erecting bed is transported to using crane lifting installation, then by being poured concrete in anchor point come build-in pitched roof Plate, after handling slope roof surface board piece well as required and performing roof waterproof processing, then lid roofing decorative tile surface layer;Its process flow Are as follows: the reinforcing bar that cornices is pre-buried → and roof truss installation → roof truss attachment beam purlin installation → assembled slope roof surface board installation → slope roof surface board is pre- Slugging → ridge, cornice linking beam pouring concrete construction → slope roof surface board piece grouting → piece water-proofing treatment → roofing Cover tile.
The reinforcing bar of the present invention that cornices is pre-buried: cornice reinforcing bar in pre-buried binding, cornice reinforcing bar directly with top layer superstructure Reinforcing bar binds completion simultaneously, and plancier piece concrete is cast-in-place integral together with top layer superstructure, while protecting plancier piece Top reserved steel bar, so as to the reinforcing bar integral fastening of ensure to cornice slope surface reinforcing bar and roof truss pedestal linking beam.
Roof truss installation of the present invention: roof truss installation is assembled after the casting of architectural top superstructure concrete, Axis shift tolerance is not greater than 3mm, and level height difference is not more than 3mm, and roof truss pedestal is connect with column to be wanted securely and be poured to mix The solidifying embedding jail of soil.
Roof truss attachment beam purlin of the present invention installation: at the top of two side slope of gable roof truss, middle part, bottom it is equidistant It is the lateral connection being used between each roof truss equipped with three roof truss connection girder steels, is also used for slope roof surface board installation branch endurance, even Connect above girder steel with the roof truss slope surface junction little 2mm of plane tolerance, screw twist it is solid after should weld.
Slope roof surface board installation of the present invention: inclined roof lifts by crane slope roof surface board position and technology by drawing with mechanical Main points install and fix securely, by all pad firm weldings, the slope roof surface board of reserved late poured band position Plate and plate will weld tension rib as required between each other.
Slope roof surface board built-in fitting welding of the present invention: two neighboring slope surface top or intersection are equipped with an elongated steel Reinforced concrete ridge pole, slope surface cornice bottom end roof truss pedestal are equipped with an elongated concrete linking beam, and slope roof surface board is along roof truss position There are armored concrete post-cast strip, ridge pole, post-cast strip, roof truss bottom, which is sat, to be respectively provided with reinforcing bar and ties up together together with the embedded bar that cornices It pricks, all tangle a little will have enough anchorage lengths and tie or firm welding.
Ridge of the present invention, cornice linking beam pouring concrete construction: cornicing, cornice position installs special sky After chamber fetal membrane, and roof truss pedestal linking beam and cornice overside side mode are installed as required, checks scene after reinforcing bar and flange mould Ridge pole and cornice pedestal linking beam position concrete, the slope roof surface board quilt after concrete reaches intensity are perfused simultaneously using mechanical Build-in and form monolithic concrete pitched roof.
Piece of the present invention, seam waterproof processing: reach intensity in the pitched roof connection concrete that tangles and will assemble After roof boarding build-in, finishing material or lid could be routinely laid with after institute's seam, piece position should all perform water-proofing treatment Watt.
The invention has the characteristics that:
Concrete cast-in-site inclined roof construction technology, the room Qi Po are replaced by prefabricated construction technique using fabricated roofing plate Assembly rate is pushed up up to 80% or more, realizes building inclined roof prefabricated construction.
1, slope roof surface board is designed as prefabricated assembled hollow slope roof surface board.
2, building inclined roof is equipped with roof truss members, that is, gable roof truss or half gable roof truss's mounting structure, it can be fashioned iron structure Part is also possible to precast member for reinforcing bar concrete.
3, building inclined roof is equipped with roof truss connection girder steel (steel purlin item) for being connected with each other between roof truss, and is used for support slopes Roof boarding.
4, building inclined roof is equipped with an elongated cast-in-place concrete ridge linking beam, for by the slope roof surface board of two slope surfaces Build-in is carried out by cast-in-place concrete after top reserved steel bar anchoring overlap joint.
5, building inclined roof roof truss bottom end is equipped with a cast-in-situ steel reinforced concrete and links bottom beam and cornice slope surface portion with roofing Part is linked to be entirety, mainly by forming overall assembled coagulation slight slope room behind cast-in-situ steel reinforced concrete build-in slope roof surface board bottom end Face.
The present invention has following several big advantages using building inclined roof assembly construction technology:
1, it solves pitched roof assembly construction difficult problem, truly realizes the prefabricated construction of building pitched roof, the room Qi Po Face tangles in addition to cornice and room with remaining whole achievable prefabricated construction, assembly other than cast-in-site armored concrete build-in Rate is up to 80% or more.
2, the pitched roof construction duration is shortened, because building inclined roof is the hollow roof boarding using prefabrication, is led to Cross mechanical hoisting assembly construction, opposite conventional on-site concrete cast-in-situ its efficiency of constructing greatly improves, and shortens the construction period 80% or more.
3, pitched roof working procedure is simplified, because of assembled inclined roof construction technology, roof truss, fashioned iron linking beam (steel purlin Item), the hollow slope roof surface board in roof in plant produced, scene is only needed with mechanical lifting installation in place, relatively traditional cast-in-place Concrete inclined roof has significantly simplified its working procedure.
4, roofing materials category is simplified, after building inclined roof realizes assembly construction, except ridge linking beam, cornice connect The casting of beam local site is outer, remaining is prefabricated component, scaffold, mould needed for former tradition cast-in-place concrete roof Plate, reinforcing bar, concrete etc. are all cancelled and have substantially simplified building materials category.
5, project cost is saved
1. roof construction circulation material expense and cost of wheeling are saved,
2. roof construction cost of labor is saved,
3. shortening the construction period saved overall cost.
6, it economizes on resources, the energy;Its pitched roof component is the standard element in plant produced, processing that design is scientific and reasonable Standard criterion is constructed with respect to cast-in-site, reduces rolled steel dosage 40%, and concrete amount reduces 30%, and member dead weight mitigates 30%.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is construction process block diagram.
Fig. 2 is pitched roof side elevation schematic cross-section;
In figure: 1, cast-in-place ridge linking beam;2, the hollow slope roof surface board of assembled;3, roof truss attachment beam;4, roof truss;5, cast-in-place roof truss Pedestal linking beam;6, cast-in-place slope surface of cornicing;7, cast-in-place plancier piece;8, cast-in-situ open-web floor;9, cornice reinforcing bar.
Fig. 3 is pitched roof front sectional schematic diagram;
In figure: 2, the hollow slope roof surface board of assembled;3, roof truss attachment beam;4, roof truss;10, post-cast strip;11, roof truss connecting plate.
Specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 shows, construction process of the invention are as follows: the reinforcing bar that cornices is pre-buried → roof truss installation → roof truss connection Beam purlin installation → assembled slope roof surface board installation → slope roof surface board built-in fitting welding → ridge, the casting of cornice linking beam concrete Construction → slope roof surface board piece grouting → piece water-proofing treatment → roofing cover tile.
The reinforcing bar 9 that cornices is pre-buried: cornicing reinforcing bar in pre-buried binding, the reinforcing bar that cornices directly is tied up with top layer superstructure reinforcing bar simultaneously It pricks and completes, plancier piece concrete is cast-in-place integral together with top layer superstructure.Plancier piece top is protected simultaneously reserves steel Muscle, so as to the reinforcing bar integral fastening of ensure to cornice slope surface reinforcing bar and roof truss pedestal linking beam.
Roof truss 4 is installed: roof truss installation is assembled after the casting of architectural top superstructure concrete, and axis shift is permitted Perhaps deviation is not greater than 3mm, and level height difference is not more than 3mm, and roof truss pedestal is connect with column to be wanted securely and be poured the embedding jail of concrete.
Roof truss attachment beam 3(purlin) installation: at the top of two side slope of gable roof truss, middle part, bottom is equidistant is equipped with three Root roof truss connection girder steel is the lateral connection being used between each roof truss, is also used for slope roof surface board installation branch endurance, connects girder steel Above with the roof truss slope surface junction little 2mm of plane tolerance, screw twist it is solid after should weld.
Assembled slope roof surface board 2 is installed: inclined roof with machinery lifting slope roof surface board, want by drawing by position and technology Point installs and fixes securely, by all pad firm weldings, the plate of the slope roof surface board of reserved late poured band position Tension rib is welded as required between each other with plate.
The welding of slope roof surface board built-in fitting: two neighboring slope surface top or intersection are equipped with an elongated reinforced concrete earth house Spine, slope surface cornice bottom end roof truss pedestal are equipped with an elongated concrete linking beam, and there are reinforcing bars to mix along roof truss position for slope roof surface board Solidifying soil post-cast strip, ridge pole, post-cast strip, roof truss bottom seat is respectively provided with reinforcing bar and binds together together with the embedded bar that cornices, all to tangle Point will have enough anchorage lengths and tie or firm welding.
Ridge, cornice linking beam pouring concrete construction: after cornice position of cornicing installs special cavity fetal membrane, and Roof truss pedestal linking beam and cornice overside side mode are installed as required, scene uses machinery simultaneously after checking reinforcing bar and flange mould Ridge pole and cornice pedestal linking beam position concrete is perfused, slope roof surface board is formed whole by build-in after concrete reaches intensity Body concrete pitched roof.
The grouting of slope roof surface board piece, seam make water-proofing treatment.
Roofing cover tile: reach after intensity will assemble roof boarding build-in in the pitched roof connection concrete that tangles, all Seam, piece position could routinely be laid with finishing material or cover tile after should all performing water-proofing treatment.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of building inclined roof fabricated construction technique, it is characterised in that: concrete slope roof surface board to be poured by live formwork After plant produced is changed into slope roof surface board component, erecting bed is transported to using crane lifting installation, then by hinge joint hole irrigation Note concrete carrys out build-in slope roof surface board, after handling slope roof surface board piece well as required and performing roof waterproof processing, then face of putting up a house Decorative tile surface layer;Its process flow are as follows: the reinforcing bar that cornices is pre-buried → roof truss installation → roof truss attachment beam purlin installation → assembled slope Roof boarding installation → slope roof surface board built-in fitting welding → ridge, cornice linking beam pouring concrete construction → slope roof surface board piece fill Slurry → piece water-proofing treatment → roofing cover tile.
2. building inclined roof fabricated construction technique according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the reinforcing bar that cornices is pre- It buries: cornicing reinforcing bar in pre-buried binding, the reinforcing bar that cornices directly binds completion, plancier piece coagulation with top layer superstructure reinforcing bar simultaneously Soil is cast-in-place integral together with top layer superstructure, while protecting plancier piece top reserved steel bar, so as to the slope surface steel that ensures to cornice The reinforcing bar integral fastening of muscle and roof truss pedestal linking beam.
3. building inclined roof fabricated construction technique according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the roof truss installation: Roof truss installation is assembled after the casting of architectural top superstructure concrete, and axis shift tolerance is not greater than 3mm, water Flat height difference is not more than 3mm, and roof truss pedestal is connect with column to be wanted securely and be poured the embedding jail of concrete.
4. building inclined roof fabricated construction technique according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the roof truss attachment beam Purlin installation: at the top of two side slope of gable roof truss, middle part, bottom are equidistant is equipped with three roof trusses connection girder steels and is used for each room Lateral connection between frame, be also used for slope roof surface board installation branch endurance, connect girder steel above with roof truss slope surface junction plane The little 2mm of tolerance, screw should weld after twisting admittedly.
5. building inclined roof fabricated construction technique according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the slope roof surface board peace Dress: with machinery lifting slope roof surface board, position and technical essential install and fix securely inclined roof by drawing, by all welderings Contact firm welding, the plate and plate of the slope roof surface board of reserved late poured band position will weld drawknot as required between each other Muscle.
6. building inclined roof fabricated construction technique according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the slope roof surface board is pre- Slugging: two neighboring slope surface top or intersection are equipped with an elongated armored concrete ridge pole, slope surface cornice bottom end room Frame pedestal is equipped with an elongated concrete linking beam, slope roof surface board along roof truss position there are armored concrete post-cast strip, ridge pole, after Band is poured, roof truss bottom seat is respectively provided with reinforcing bar and binds together together with the embedded bar that cornices, and all tangle a little there will be enough anchorage lengths simultaneously It ties or firm welding.
7. building inclined roof fabricated construction technique according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the ridge, cornice Linking beam pouring concrete construction: after cornice position of cornicing installs special cavity fetal membrane, and by roof truss pedestal linking beam and Cornice overside side mode installs as required, and scene uses mechanical while ridge pole and cornice bottom is perfused after checking reinforcing bar and flange mould Seat linking beam position concrete, slope roof surface board is formed monolithic concrete pitched roof by build-in after concrete reaches intensity.
8. building inclined roof fabricated construction technique according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the piece, seam Water-proofing treatment: pitched roof connection tangle a concrete reach intensity will assemble roof boarding build-in after, in institute's seam, piece portion Position could routinely be laid with finishing material or cover tile after should all performing water-proofing treatment.
CN201811521950.3A 2018-12-13 2018-12-13 Build inclined roof fabricated construction technique Pending CN109577539A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110241982A (en) * 2019-06-14 2019-09-17 重庆建工第九建设有限公司 A kind of construction technology of greening building energy saving roofing
CN110439127A (en) * 2019-08-12 2019-11-12 仇国辉 Steel building inclined roof exempts from demoulding pour concrete package structure steel member antirust construction technique using component
CN111042420A (en) * 2019-12-23 2020-04-21 青岛泰合洋房建设有限公司 Roof construction process for light steel villa
CN111561095A (en) * 2020-07-15 2020-08-21 中国船舶重工集团国际工程有限公司 Connecting structure and mounting method of box plate assembly type steel structure building slope roof

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB723675A (en) * 1953-08-05 1955-02-09 Dow Mac Products Ltd Improvements in or relating to roofs
CN2495714Y (en) * 2001-09-22 2002-06-19 强虎成 Prestressed and thermal insulation type concrete plate for sloping roof
CN206189695U (en) * 2016-09-28 2017-05-24 中民筑友科技投资有限公司 Roof boarding installation node
CN107859178A (en) * 2017-11-10 2018-03-30 湘潭远大住宅工业有限公司 The attachment structure and its construction method of complete prefabricated inclined roof and Cast-in-situ Beam

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB723675A (en) * 1953-08-05 1955-02-09 Dow Mac Products Ltd Improvements in or relating to roofs
CN2495714Y (en) * 2001-09-22 2002-06-19 强虎成 Prestressed and thermal insulation type concrete plate for sloping roof
CN206189695U (en) * 2016-09-28 2017-05-24 中民筑友科技投资有限公司 Roof boarding installation node
CN107859178A (en) * 2017-11-10 2018-03-30 湘潭远大住宅工业有限公司 The attachment structure and its construction method of complete prefabricated inclined roof and Cast-in-situ Beam

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110241982A (en) * 2019-06-14 2019-09-17 重庆建工第九建设有限公司 A kind of construction technology of greening building energy saving roofing
CN110439127A (en) * 2019-08-12 2019-11-12 仇国辉 Steel building inclined roof exempts from demoulding pour concrete package structure steel member antirust construction technique using component
CN111042420A (en) * 2019-12-23 2020-04-21 青岛泰合洋房建设有限公司 Roof construction process for light steel villa
CN111561095A (en) * 2020-07-15 2020-08-21 中国船舶重工集团国际工程有限公司 Connecting structure and mounting method of box plate assembly type steel structure building slope roof

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Application publication date: 20190405

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