CN104551679A - Steam cylinder body processing equipment - Google Patents

Steam cylinder body processing equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104551679A
CN104551679A CN201310520067.3A CN201310520067A CN104551679A CN 104551679 A CN104551679 A CN 104551679A CN 201310520067 A CN201310520067 A CN 201310520067A CN 104551679 A CN104551679 A CN 104551679A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pearl
steel ball
vertical
guide rail
horizontal guide
Prior art date
Application number
CN201310520067.3A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘海波
盛世文
陈金鹤
刘海茅
许伟丰
陈伟文
Original Assignee
瑞安市锐波汽缸制造有限公司
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Application filed by 瑞安市锐波汽缸制造有限公司 filed Critical 瑞安市锐波汽缸制造有限公司
Priority to CN201310520067.3A priority Critical patent/CN104551679A/en
Publication of CN104551679A publication Critical patent/CN104551679A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23POTHER WORKING OF METAL; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P23/00Machines or arrangements of machines for performing specified combinations of different metal-working operations not covered by a single other subclass
    • B23P23/02Machine tools for performing different machining operations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/25Movable or adjustable work or tool supports
    • B23Q1/44Movable or adjustable work or tool supports using particular mechanisms
    • B23Q1/56Movable or adjustable work or tool supports using particular mechanisms with sliding pairs only, the sliding pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism
    • B23Q1/58Movable or adjustable work or tool supports using particular mechanisms with sliding pairs only, the sliding pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism a single sliding pair
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q17/00Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools
    • B23Q17/20Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools for indicating or measuring workpiece characteristics, e.g. contour, dimension, hardness

Abstract

The invention discloses steam cylinder body processing equipment, and aims at providing the steam cylinder body processing equipment with the advantages that the work intensity can be effectively reduced, the production efficiency is improved, in addition, the form and location tolerance of installing holes of each steam cylinder body can be automatically detected in the steam cylinder body processing process, and the quality of the installing holes of a steam cylinder body is ensured. The steam cylinder body processing equipment comprises a machine frame, a horizontal guide rail, a slide table, a steam cylinder body fixing clamp, a hole drilling power head and a hole position automatic detection device, wherein the slide table is glidingly arranged on the horizontal guide rail, the steam cylinder body fixing clamp is arranged on the top surface of the slide table, the hole drilling power head used for processing installing holes of the end surface of the steam cylinder body and the hole position automatic detection device used for detecting the installing holes of the end surface of the steam cylinder body are sequentially arranged on the machine frame along the horizontal guide rail, the hole drilling power head is positioned above the horizontal guide rail, and the hole position automatic detection device comprises a lower ball test device positioned above the horizontal guide rail and a hole position verification device positioned under the horizontal guide rail.

Description

A kind of cylinder block process equipment

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of process equipment, be specifically related to a kind of cylinder block process equipment.

Background technology

After current cylinder block casting, cylinder block blank needs to make cylinder block finished product by the machined of some row.As shown in Figure 7, current a kind of cylinder block, on the front end face of this cylinder block 7, uniform by four installing holes 71 around cylinder block front port circumference, and is provided with screw thread in four installing holes.Usually as follows in the machining process of current cylinder block front end face and four installing holes: first, cylinder block to be installed to machined drilling machine completing four installing holes; Then, be installed to by cylinder block on milling machine, the front end face of countercylinder body carries out Milling Process; Again then, be installed to by cylinder block on tapping board, four installing holes on the front end face of countercylinder body carry out tapping, and in installing hole upper port chamfering.After four installing hole tappings of cylinder block front end face complete, usually need to be detected by the form and position tolerance of checkout gear to four installing holes, judge that whether four installing holes are qualified.Current checkout gear normally coordinates alignment pin by positioning disk, manually detects the form and position tolerance of installing hole.Current cylinder block front end face and the machined of four installing holes and detection have the following disadvantages:

One, cylinder block needs to be respectively installed on different boards, completes different machining steps; Make labour intensity large, waste time and energy, production efficiency is low;

Its two, after installing hole tapping completes, the form and position tolerance of installing hole is detected; If detect defective, then need countercylinder body to reprocess, so just make Milling Process and tapping processing technology flog a dead horse; Waste time and energy, cause cylinder block actual production efficiency to reduce.

Its three, thisly at present coordinate alignment pin by positioning disk, manually the form and position tolerance of installing hole detected to not only labour intensity is large, detection efficiency is low; And normally based on sampling observation, each cylinder block be difficult to batch produces detects, and makes cylinder block installing hole difficult quality guarantee.

Summary of the invention

The first object of the present invention is the machined of front end face in order to overcome cylinder block of the prior art and four installing holes, wastes time and energy, problem that production efficiency is low; There is provided one effectively can reduce labour intensity, and improve the cylinder block process equipment of generation efficiency.

Another object of the present invention is that not only detection efficiency is low for the detection of four installing holes of front end face in order to overcome cylinder block of the prior art; And based on sampling observation, each cylinder block be difficult to batch produces detects, and makes the problem of cylinder block installing hole difficult quality guarantee; There is provided a kind of cylinder block process equipment, it automatically can detect the form and position tolerance of the installing hole of each cylinder block in cylinder block process, ensures cylinder block installing hole quality, and effectively improves detection efficiency.

Technical scheme of the present invention is:

A kind of cylinder block process equipment comprises frame, horizontal guide rail, slidably be arranged on the slide unit on horizontal guide rail, be arranged on the cylinder block stationary fixture of slide unit end face for fixed cylinder body, be successively set in frame along horizontal guide rail, position, the hole automatic detection device of the drilling power head for the installing hole of processing vapor cylinder body end face and the form and position tolerance for the installing hole that detects cylinder block end face; Drilling power head is positioned at above horizontal guide rail; Position, described hole automatic detection device comprises the lower pearl testing arrangement be positioned at above horizontal guide rail and position, the hole demo plant be positioned at below horizontal guide rail, lower pearl testing arrangement comprises for placing putting pearl box and being arranged on frame, for being elevated the lowering or hoisting gear putting pearl box of steel ball, described pearl box bottom surface of putting is provided with four vertically lower pearl conduits, each vertical lower pearl conduit upper end open, and with put pearl box and communicate, vertically lower pearl conduit lower end closed; The medial surface base place of each vertical lower pearl conduit is respectively equipped with first time Zhu Kou that can pass through for steel ball, and the bottom surface of each vertical lower pearl conduit is the first inclined plane that past first time Zhu Kou direction tilts obliquely; And the bottom of each vertical lower pearl conduit is also respectively equipped with steel ball feeding device one by one; Steel ball one by one feeding device comprises the vertically lower pearl detector tube of lower ending opening, pearl detector tube and vertical lower pearl conduit two pieces of vertical connecting plates under vertical connecting, the spacing flat board between being arranged on bottom two pieces of vertical connecting plates and can the lifting slider be arranged between two pieces of vertical connecting plates of oscilaltion; The installing hole one_to_one corresponding of described four vertical lower pearl detector tubes and cylinder block end face; On described vertical lower pearl detector tube side, between two pieces of vertical connecting plates, be provided with second time Zhu Kou that can pass through for steel ball, described first time Zhu Kou is between two pieces of vertical connecting plates, first time Zhu Kou is positioned at the below of second time Zhu Kou, and spacing flat board is positioned at below first time pearl mouth; Described spacing dull and stereotyped middle part is provided with pilot hole, vertical push rod is provided with in the middle part of lifting slider bottom surface, vertical push rod is through pilot hole, and vertically the lower end of push rod is positioned at the below of the lower end of vertically lower pearl detector tube, and the lower end of described vertical lower pearl conduit is positioned at the top of the lower end of vertically lower pearl detector tube; The end face of described lifting slider is the second inclined plane, and the second inclined plane is tilted from first time Zhu Kou obliquely toward second time Zhu Kou direction; When lifting slider is placed on spacing flat board, the second inclined plane is positioned at the below of first time Zhu Kou; Position, described hole demo plant comprises the loading plate be arranged in frame, is arranged on the steel ball collecting box on loading plate and is arranged on loading plate for measuring the LOAD CELLS of the weight of steel ball collecting box.

Cylinder block is fixedly mounted on slide unit end face by this programme, and can move along horizontal guide rail due to slide unit; Cylinder block can be moved to immediately below drilling power head in actual process like this, and slide unit is positioned on guide rail; Then Drilling operation is carried out by four installing holes of drilling power head countercylinder body front end face.After Drilling operation completes, slide unit and cylinder block can be moved to immediately below the automatic detection device of position, hole, and slide unit is positioned on guide rail; Then the form and position tolerance of four installing holes of passing hole position automatic detection device countercylinder body front end face detects, if detect defective, then direct by cylinder block dismounting, avoids follow-up useless process for machining; If it is qualified to detect, then slide unit and cylinder block can be moved to next station countercylinder body front end face along horizontal guide rail and carry out Milling Process; Then four installing holes that just slide unit and cylinder block move to next station countercylinder body front end face along horizontal guide rail carry out tapping.The cylinder block word of this programme needs clamped one time can complete the front end face of cylinder block and the machined of four installing holes; In cylinder block process, the passing hole position form and position tolerance of automatic detection device to the installing hole of each cylinder block detects simultaneously, ensures cylinder block installing hole quality, and effectively improves detection efficiency.

As preferably, loading plate is provided with dodges through hole, described steel ball collecting box side is provided with the support plate perpendicular with steel ball collecting box side, the lower end of steel ball collecting box is through dodging through hole, and being placed on loading plate by support plate, described LOAD CELLS is positioned on the loading plate below support plate; The upper and lower end opening of described steel ball collecting box, and steel ball collecting box lower port place is provided with for sealing the base plate hiding steel ball collecting box lower port, this base plate is rotating is hinged on collecting box lower port place, be provided with in described steel ball collecting box and base plate can be made up to overturn around jointed shaft and be resisted against the extension spring at steel ball collecting box lower port edge, one end of extension spring is fixed on steel ball collecting box, and the other end is fixed on base plate; In described frame, be positioned at the electromagnet apparatus being provided with below base plate and base plate can be made down to overturn around jointed shaft; The recovery frame of upper end open is also provided with below described steel ball collecting box.

After position, hole automatic detection device completes the detection of the form and position tolerance of four installing holes of countercylinder body front end face, electromagnet apparatus energising makes base plate down overturn around jointed shaft, thus makes the steel ball in collecting box fall back in recovery frame; Then electromagnet apparatus power-off again, and by extension spring, base plate up overturn around jointed shaft, be resisted against steel ball collecting box lower port.

As preferably, in frame, directly over the upper port that is positioned at steel ball collecting box, be also provided with the collection bucket that opening reduces from top to bottom gradually.Arranging of collection bucket ensures that the steel ball through cylinder block front end face installing hole can be recovered in steel ball collecting box reliably.

As preferably, first time Zhu Kou and second time pearl mouth is rectangular, and first time Zhu Kou is identical with the width of second time Zhu Kou; Spacing between described two pieces of vertical connecting plates is identical with the width of first time Zhu Kou.This programme structure ensures that steel ball can output on the lifting slider end face between two pieces of vertical connecting plates by first time Zhu Kou, when steel ball after lifting slider rises can be input to by second time Zhu Kou in vertical lower pearl detector tube.

As preferably, lower pearl detector tube and the spacing vertically between lower pearl conduit are greater than diameter of the steel ball and are less than 1.2 times of diameter of the steel ball.This programme structure to ensure between two pieces of vertical connecting plates an accommodating steel ball exported by first time Zhu Kou only.

As preferably, also comprise for driving slide unit along the mobile actuating unit of horizontal guide rail movement and the milling unit head be arranged in frame and tapper unit, described drilling power head, position, hole automatic detection device, milling unit head and tapper unit distribute successively along horizontal guide rail, and milling unit head and tapper unit are positioned at above horizontal guide rail.

As preferably, mobile actuating unit comprises the tooth bar being arranged on and frame parallels with horizontal guide rail, the gear being arranged on the drive motors on slide unit and being arranged on rotor, and the engagement of this wheel and rack.

As preferably, in frame, be positioned at drilling power head, position, hole automatic detection device, positioner is respectively equipped with immediately below milling unit head and tapper unit, positioner comprises and being arranged in frame, for controlling the travel switch of slide unit shift motion, first positioning cylinder, the second positioning cylinder, is fixedly mounted on the alignment pin of the first positioning cylinder piston rod end and is fixedly mounted on the location backup plate of the second positioning cylinder piston rod end; The piston rod telescopic direction of first, second positioning cylinder described and horizontal guide rail perpendicular, described location backup plate is positioned at above horizontal guide rail; Described slide unit side is provided with the locating hole with alignment pin adaptation.

The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: not only effectively can reduce labour intensity, improve generation efficiency; And automatically can detect the form and position tolerance of the installing hole of each cylinder block in cylinder block process, ensure cylinder block installing hole quality, and effectively improve detection efficiency.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is a kind of partial structurtes schematic diagram at horizontal guide rail place of the present invention.

Fig. 3 is a kind of structural representation of lower pearl testing arrangement of the present invention.

Fig. 4 is the partial enlarged drawing at A place in Fig. 3.

Fig. 5 is the partial enlarged drawing at lower pearl testing arrangement of the present invention steel ball in the course of the work feeding device place one by one.

Fig. 6 is a kind of structural representation of position, hole of the present invention demo plant.

Fig. 7 is a kind of structural representation of cylinder block of the prior art.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and detailed description of the invention, the present invention is described in further detail:

As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, a kind of cylinder block process equipment comprises frame, horizontal guide rail 1, slidably be arranged on the slide unit 2 on horizontal guide rail, for driving slide unit along the mobile actuating unit of horizontal guide rail movement, being arranged on the cylinder block stationary fixture of slide unit end face for fixed cylinder body, being successively set on the drilling power head 3 in frame along horizontal guide rail 1, position, hole automatic detection device 4, milling unit head 5 and tapper unit 6.Drilling power head, milling unit head and tapper unit are positioned at above horizontal guide rail.

Mobile actuating unit comprises the tooth bar 8 being arranged on and frame parallels with horizontal guide rail 1, the gear 10 being arranged on the drive motors 9 on slide unit and being arranged on rotor, and the engagement of this wheel and rack.In frame, be positioned at drilling power head 3, position, hole automatic detection device 4, immediately below milling unit head 5 and tapper unit 6, be respectively equipped with positioner.Positioner comprises and being arranged in frame, for controlling the travel switch of slide unit shift motion, first positioning cylinder 13, second positioning cylinder 11, is fixedly mounted on the alignment pin 14 of the first positioning cylinder piston rod end and is fixedly mounted on the location backup plate 12 of the second positioning cylinder piston rod end.First and second positioning cylinders are horizontally disposed with, and the piston rod telescopic direction of the first and second positioning cylinders and horizontal guide rail perpendicular.Alignment pin 14 and the first positioning cylinder 13 piston rod are coaxially arranged, and alignment pin front end is provided with taper guide part.Location backup plate is positioned at above horizontal guide rail, for limiting the shift motion of slide unit.Slide unit 2 side is provided with the locating hole 15 with alignment pin adaptation.

As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, position, hole automatic detection device 4 comprises the lower pearl testing arrangement 41 be positioned at above horizontal guide rail 1 and position, the hole demo plant 42 be positioned at below horizontal guide rail.Lower pearl testing arrangement 41 comprises for placing putting pearl box 17 and being arranged on frame, for being elevated the lowering or hoisting gear 16 putting pearl box of steel ball.Lowering or hoisting gear is vertical lifting cylinder.Put pearl box 17 upper end open.Put for placing steel ball in pearl box, and the diameter of steel ball mates with the aperture of the installing hole 71 of cylinder block 7 front end face.Put pearl box 17 bottom surface and be provided with four vertically lower pearl conduits 18.Each vertical lower pearl conduit upper end open, and with put pearl box and communicate.Vertically lower pearl conduit lower end closed.As shown in Figure 4, the medial surface base place of each vertical lower pearl conduit 18 is respectively equipped with first time pearl mouth 22 that can pass through for steel ball.The bottom surface of each vertical lower pearl conduit 18 is the first inclined plane 21 that past first time Zhu Kou direction tilts obliquely.The bottom of each vertical lower pearl conduit 18 is also respectively equipped with steel ball feeding device one by one.Steel ball one by one feeding device comprises the vertically lower pearl detector tube 20 of lower ending opening, pearl detector tube and the vertical lower vertical connecting plate 19 of two pieces, pearl conduit under vertical connecting, between being arranged on bottom two pieces of vertical connecting plates spacing dull and stereotyped 24 and can the lifting slider 23 be arranged between two pieces of vertical connecting plates of oscilaltion.4 installing hole 71 one_to_one corresponding of four vertical lower pearl detector tubes 20 and cylinder block 7 end face.The cross section of lower pearl detector tube 20 and vertically lower pearl conduit 18 is in square, and the spacing between the relative two sides of lower pearl detector tube and vertical lower pearl conduit is greater than diameter of the steel ball and is less than 1.2 times of diameter of the steel ball.Lower pearl detector tube and the spacing vertically between lower pearl conduit are greater than diameter of the steel ball and are less than 1.2 times of diameter of the steel ball, and the lower pearl detector tube 20 namely between two vertical connecting plates 19 and the spacing vertically between lower pearl conduit 18 are greater than diameter of the steel ball and are less than 1.2 times of diameter of the steel ball.In the present embodiment, lower pearl detector tube and the spacing vertically between lower pearl conduit are 1.1 times of diameter of the steel ball.On vertical lower pearl detector tube 20 side, between two pieces of vertical connecting plates 19, be provided with second time pearl mouth 27 that can pass through for steel ball.First time pearl mouth 22 is between two pieces of vertical connecting plates 19.First time pearl mouth 22 is positioned at the below of second time pearl mouth 27, and spacing flat board is positioned at below first time pearl mouth.First time Zhu Kou and second time pearl mouth is rectangular, and first time Zhu Kou is identical with the width of second time Zhu Kou.Spacing between two pieces of vertical connecting plates is identical with the width of first time Zhu Kou.

The end face of lifting slider 23 is the second inclined plane 26, and the second inclined plane 26 is tilted from first time pearl mouth 22 obliquely toward second time pearl mouth 27 direction.When lifting slider 23 is placed on spacing dull and stereotyped 24, the second inclined plane 26 is positioned at the below of first time pearl mouth 22.Pilot hole is provided with in the middle part of in the of spacing dull and stereotyped 24.Vertical push rod 25 is provided with in the middle part of lifting slider 23 bottom surface.Vertical push rod is through pilot hole, and vertically the lower end of push rod is positioned at the below of the lower end of vertically lower pearl detector tube 20.Vertically the lower end of lower pearl conduit is positioned at the top of the lower end of vertically lower pearl detector tube.

As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 6, position, hole demo plant 42 comprises the loading plate 33 be arranged in frame, is arranged on the steel ball collecting box 30 on loading plate and is arranged on loading plate for measuring the LOAD CELLS 32 of the weight of steel ball collecting box.Loading plate is provided with dodges through hole.Steel ball collecting box 30 side is provided with the support plate 31 perpendicular with steel ball collecting box side.The lower end of steel ball collecting box 30 through dodging through hole, and is placed on loading plate by support plate 31.LOAD CELLS 32 is positioned on the loading plate below support plate 31, and support plate 31 is placed in above LOAD CELLS 32.The upper and lower end opening of steel ball collecting box 30.In frame, directly over the upper port that is positioned at steel ball collecting box, be also provided with the collection bucket 29 that opening reduces from top to bottom gradually.Steel ball collecting box 30 lower port place is provided with for sealing the base plate 34 hiding steel ball collecting box lower port.This base plate is rotating is hinged on collecting box lower port place.In steel ball collecting box, 30 are provided with base plate can be made up to overturn around jointed shaft and be resisted against the extension spring 37 at steel ball collecting box lower port edge.Extension spring and the jointed shaft of base plate are positioned at the relative both sides of base plate.One end of extension spring 37 is fixed on steel ball collecting box 30, and the other end is fixing on the bottom sheet 34.In frame, be positioned at the electromagnet apparatus 35 (i.e. electromagnet) being provided with below base plate 34 and base plate can be made down to overturn around jointed shaft.Electromagnet apparatus 35 is positioned at immediately below extension spring 37.Position relative with electromagnet apparatus on base plate is provided with iron plate 38.The recovery frame 36 of upper end open is also provided with below steel ball collecting box.

The specific process of cylinder block process equipment of the present invention is as follows:

A, is fixedly mounted on slide unit 2 end face by cylinder block 7; The front end face of cylinder block 7 is arranged upward;

B, drives slide unit 2 and cylinder block 7 to move along horizontal guide rail 1 by drive motors 9, and when slide unit moves to immediately below drilling power head 3, slide unit 2 is resisted against on the backup plate 12 of location, and touches travel switch; Now drive motors quits work, and the piston rod of the first positioning cylinder 13 stretches out and inserts in the locating hole 15 of slide unit side by alignment pin 14, coordinates location backup plate to be fixed on horizontal guide rail by slide unit and cylinder block;

C, four installing holes 71 of drilling power head 3 countercylinder body front end face carry out Drilling operation;

D, the first and second positioning cylinders 13,11 shrink and position pin slotting 14 and location backup plate 12 are shifted out; Then, drive motors work continues to drive slide unit and cylinder block to move along horizontal guide rail; When slide unit moves to immediately below position, hole automatic detection device 4, slide unit is resisted against on the backup plate of location, and touches travel switch; Now drive motors quits work, the piston rod of the first positioning cylinder stretch out alignment pin is inserted slide unit side locating hole in, coordinate location backup plate slide unit and cylinder block are fixed on horizontal guide rail;

E, the form and position tolerance of four installing holes 71 of passing hole position automatic detection device 4 countercylinder body front end face detects, and concrete testing process is as follows:

As shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, putting in pearl box 17 will be sequentially arranged in vertical lower pearl conduit 18 for placing steel ball from lower to upper, and vertically a steel ball 28 of lower pearl conduit bottom will slide onto on lifting slider 23 end face (the second inclined plane) between two vertical connecting plates 19 by first time pearl mouth 22 along the first inclined plane 21, and the steel ball 28 on lifting slider end face is resisted against on lower pearl detector tube 20 lateral surface;

As shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 5, Fig. 6, lowering or hoisting gear 16 drive put pearl box 17 move down make the lower port of lower pearl detector tube 20 near or be resisted against on the front end face of cylinder block 7; Vertically the lower end abutment of push rod 25, on the front end face of cylinder block 7, and promotes lifting slider 23 and the steel ball 28 between two vertical connecting plates up moves in this process; Now first time pearl mouth 22 blocks by lifting slider 23, prevent from vertically descending the steel ball in pearl conduit 18 to shift out, and when moving to second time pearl mouth 27 place in the second inclined plane of lifting slider 23, a steel ball 28 between two vertical connecting plates will slide onto in lower pearl detector tube 20 by second time pearl mouth 27;

Steel ball in lower pearl detector tube 20 down through the installing hole 71 of the front end face of cylinder block 7, and is collected in steel ball collecting box 30 by collection bucket 29; Now LOAD CELLS 32 measures the weight of steel ball collecting box, and judges the quantity of steel ball by the weight recorded; If the quantity of steel ball is four, then illustrate that the geometrical and toleranging of four installing holes of cylinder block front end face meets the requirements (steel ball in each lower pearl detector tube is all through corresponding installing hole); If the quantity of steel ball is less than four, then illustrating in four installing holes of cylinder block front end face has that the shape of installing hole or position are not poor to meet the requirements, and the steel ball in lower pearl detector tube cannot through corresponding installing hole; The quantity of such as steel ball is two, then illustrate have that the shape of two installing holes or position are not poor to meet the requirements.

After position, hole automatic detection device 4 completes the detection of the form and position tolerance of four installing holes of countercylinder body front end face; Lowering or hoisting gear 16 drives to put on pearl box 17 and moves reset, and meanwhile, electromagnet apparatus 35 energising makes base plate 34 down overturn around jointed shaft.

Driving to put on pearl box 17 at lowering or hoisting gear 16 moves past in journey, and lifting is sliding, and 23 move down on spacing dull and stereotyped 24 under Gravitative Loads; Now vertically descend a steel ball of pearl conduit 18 bottom again to be slid onto on lifting slider 23 end face (the second inclined plane) between two vertical connecting plates along the first inclined plane 21 by first time pearl mouth 22, and the steel ball on lifting slider end face is resisted against on lower pearl detector tube lateral surface (as shown in Figure 3);

Electromagnet apparatus 35 energising makes base plate 34 down overturn around jointed shaft, thus makes the steel ball in collecting box 30 fall back in recovery frame 36; Then electromagnet apparatus 35 power-off again, and by extension spring 37, base plate up overturn around jointed shaft, be resisted against steel ball collecting box lower port (as shown in Figure 6).

F, if the installing hole of cylinder block front end face detects defective, then directly to dismantle cylinder block;

If the installing hole detection of cylinder body front end face is qualified, then the first and second positioning cylinders shrink and slotting for position pin and location backup plate are shifted out; Then, drive motors work continues to drive slide unit and cylinder block to move along horizontal guide rail; When slide unit 2 moves to immediately below milling unit head 5, slide unit is resisted against on the backup plate of location, and touches travel switch; Now drive motors quits work, the piston rod of the first positioning cylinder stretch out alignment pin is inserted slide unit side locating hole in, coordinate location backup plate slide unit and cylinder block are fixed on horizontal guide rail;

G, milling unit head 5 countercylinder body front end face carries out Milling Process;

H, the first and second positioning cylinders shrink and slotting for position pin and location backup plate are shifted out; Then, drive motors work continues to drive slide unit and cylinder block to move along horizontal guide rail; When slide unit 2 moves to immediately below tapper unit 6, slide unit is resisted against on the backup plate of location, and touches travel switch; Now drive motors quits work, the piston rod of the first positioning cylinder stretch out alignment pin is inserted slide unit side locating hole in, coordinate location backup plate slide unit and cylinder block are fixed on horizontal guide rail;

I, four installing holes of tapper unit cylinder block front end face carry out tapping.

J, dismantled by cylinder block, slide unit returns initial position along the first guide rail.

Claims (8)

1. a cylinder block process equipment, it is characterized in that, comprise frame, horizontal guide rail (1), slidably be arranged on the slide unit (2) on horizontal guide rail, be arranged on the cylinder block stationary fixture of slide unit end face for fixed cylinder body, be successively set in frame along horizontal guide rail, the drilling power head (3) for the installing hole of processing vapor cylinder body end face and the position, hole automatic detection device (4) for the installing hole that detects cylinder block end face; Drilling power head is positioned at above horizontal guide rail;
Position, described hole automatic detection device (4) comprises the lower pearl testing arrangement (41) be positioned at above horizontal guide rail and the position, hole demo plant (42) be positioned at below horizontal guide rail, lower pearl testing arrangement comprises for placing putting pearl box (17) and being arranged on frame, for being elevated the lowering or hoisting gear (16) putting pearl box of steel ball, described pearl box bottom surface of putting is provided with four vertically lower pearl conduits (18), each vertical lower pearl conduit upper end open, and with put pearl box and communicate, vertically lower pearl conduit lower end closed; The medial surface base place of each vertical lower pearl conduit is respectively equipped with the first time Zhu Kou (22) can passed through for steel ball, and the bottom surface of each vertical lower pearl conduit is the first inclined plane (21) that past first time Zhu Kou direction tilts obliquely; And the bottom of each vertical lower pearl conduit is also respectively equipped with steel ball feeding device one by one; Steel ball one by one feeding device comprises the vertically lower pearl detector tube (20) of lower ending opening, pearl detector tube and vertical lower pearl conduit two pieces of vertical connecting plates (19) under vertical connecting, the spacing flat board (24) between being arranged on bottom two pieces of vertical connecting plates and can the lifting slider (23) be arranged between two pieces of vertical connecting plates of oscilaltion; Installing hole (71) one_to_one corresponding of described four vertical lower pearl detector tubes (20) and cylinder block end face; On described vertical lower pearl detector tube side, between two pieces of vertical connecting plates, be provided with the second time Zhu Kou (27) can passed through for steel ball, described first time Zhu Kou is between two pieces of vertical connecting plates, first time Zhu Kou is positioned at the below of second time Zhu Kou, and spacing flat board is positioned at below first time pearl mouth;
Described spacing dull and stereotyped middle part is provided with pilot hole, vertical push rod (25) is provided with in the middle part of lifting slider bottom surface, vertical push rod is through pilot hole, and vertically the lower end of push rod is positioned at the below of the lower end of vertically lower pearl detector tube, the lower end of described vertical lower pearl conduit is positioned at the top of the lower end of vertically lower pearl detector tube; The end face of described lifting slider is the second inclined plane (26), and the second inclined plane is tilted from first time Zhu Kou obliquely toward second time Zhu Kou direction; When lifting slider is placed on spacing flat board, the second inclined plane is positioned at the below of first time Zhu Kou;
Position, described hole demo plant comprises the loading plate (33) be arranged in frame, is arranged on the steel ball collecting box (30) on loading plate and is arranged on loading plate for measuring the LOAD CELLS (32) of the weight of steel ball collecting box.
2. a kind of cylinder block process equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described loading plate is provided with dodges through hole, described steel ball collecting box (30) side is provided with the support plate (31) perpendicular with steel ball collecting box side, the lower end of steel ball collecting box is through dodging through hole, and being placed on loading plate by support plate, described LOAD CELLS is positioned on the loading plate below support plate; The upper and lower end opening of described steel ball collecting box, and steel ball collecting box lower port place is provided with for sealing the base plate (34) hiding steel ball collecting box lower port, this base plate is rotating is hinged on collecting box lower port place, be provided with in described steel ball collecting box and base plate can be made up to overturn around jointed shaft and be resisted against the extension spring (38) at steel ball collecting box lower port edge, one end of extension spring is fixed on steel ball collecting box, and the other end is fixed on base plate; In described frame, be positioned at the electromagnet apparatus (35) being provided with below base plate and base plate can be made down to overturn around jointed shaft; The recovery frame (36) of upper end open is also provided with below described steel ball collecting box.
3. a kind of cylinder block process equipment according to claim 2, is characterized in that, in described frame, is also provided with the collection bucket (29) that opening reduces from top to bottom gradually directly over the upper port that is positioned at steel ball collecting box.
4. a kind of cylinder block process equipment according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, is characterized in that, described first time Zhu Kou and second time pearl mouth is rectangular, and first time Zhu Kou is identical with the width of second time Zhu Kou; Spacing between described two pieces of vertical connecting plates is identical with the width of first time Zhu Kou.
5. a kind of cylinder block process equipment according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, is characterized in that, described lower pearl detector tube and the spacing vertically between lower pearl conduit are greater than diameter of the steel ball and are less than 1.2 times of diameter of the steel ball.
6. a kind of cylinder block process equipment according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterized in that, also comprise for driving slide unit along the mobile actuating unit of horizontal guide rail movement and the milling unit head (5) be arranged in frame and tapper unit (6), described drilling power head, position, hole automatic detection device, milling unit head and tapper unit distribute successively along horizontal guide rail, and milling unit head and tapper unit are positioned at above horizontal guide rail.
7. a kind of cylinder block process equipment according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, described mobile actuating unit comprises the tooth bar (8) being arranged on and frame parallels with horizontal guide rail (2), the gear (10) being arranged on the drive motors (9) on slide unit and being arranged on rotor, and the engagement of this wheel and rack.
8. a kind of cylinder block process equipment according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, in described frame, be positioned at drilling power head, position, hole automatic detection device, positioner is respectively equipped with immediately below milling unit head and tapper unit, positioner comprises and being arranged in frame, for controlling the travel switch of slide unit shift motion, first positioning cylinder (13), second positioning cylinder (11), is fixedly mounted on the alignment pin (14) of the first positioning cylinder piston rod end and is fixedly mounted on the location backup plate (12) of the second positioning cylinder piston rod end; The piston rod telescopic direction of first, second positioning cylinder described and horizontal guide rail perpendicular, described location backup plate is positioned at above horizontal guide rail; Described slide unit (2) side is provided with and the locating hole of alignment pin adaptation (15).
CN201310520067.3A 2013-10-29 2013-10-29 Steam cylinder body processing equipment CN104551679A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105781771A (en) * 2016-03-07 2016-07-20 成都亨通兆业精密机械有限公司 Processing technology of engine cylinder body
CN105881040A (en) * 2016-06-20 2016-08-24 黄巧玲 Novel durable machining working table device and using method thereof
CN105904231A (en) * 2016-06-20 2016-08-31 黄巧玲 Worktable device used for workpiece machining and use method thereof
CN105904229A (en) * 2016-06-20 2016-08-31 黄清霞 Workbench device for machining durable workpieces and using method thereof
CN105904228A (en) * 2016-06-20 2016-08-31 陈丽鹃 Machining workbench device and using method thereof
CN105904220A (en) * 2016-06-20 2016-08-31 徐传盛 Novel machining workbench device and using method thereof
CN105904230A (en) * 2016-06-20 2016-08-31 黄清霞 Workbench device for durable machining and using method thereof
CN108857811A (en) * 2018-07-27 2018-11-23 苏州嘉迈德电子科技有限公司 A kind of polishing jig
CN111451775A (en) * 2020-06-22 2020-07-28 山东科技职业学院 Full-automatic efficient machining device for piston pin holes

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105781771A (en) * 2016-03-07 2016-07-20 成都亨通兆业精密机械有限公司 Processing technology of engine cylinder body
CN105904229B (en) * 2016-06-20 2018-05-11 泉州永春泰宇机械加工有限公司 A kind of durable work pieces process table device and its application method
CN105904231A (en) * 2016-06-20 2016-08-31 黄巧玲 Worktable device used for workpiece machining and use method thereof
CN105904229A (en) * 2016-06-20 2016-08-31 黄清霞 Workbench device for machining durable workpieces and using method thereof
CN105904228A (en) * 2016-06-20 2016-08-31 陈丽鹃 Machining workbench device and using method thereof
CN105904220A (en) * 2016-06-20 2016-08-31 徐传盛 Novel machining workbench device and using method thereof
CN105904230A (en) * 2016-06-20 2016-08-31 黄清霞 Workbench device for durable machining and using method thereof
CN105881040A (en) * 2016-06-20 2016-08-24 黄巧玲 Novel durable machining working table device and using method thereof
CN105904228B (en) * 2016-06-20 2018-05-11 泉州永春泰宇机械加工有限公司 A kind of processing work table apparatus and its application method
CN105881040B (en) * 2016-06-20 2018-05-11 惠安县宝安汽车维修有限公司 A kind of novel durable processing work table apparatus and its application method
CN105904230B (en) * 2016-06-20 2018-05-11 泉州永春泰宇机械加工有限公司 A kind of long-life machine processing table device and its application method
CN105904231B (en) * 2016-06-20 2018-05-11 惠安县宝安汽车维修有限公司 A kind of table device and its application method for work pieces process
CN105904220B (en) * 2016-06-20 2018-05-11 泉州永春草根生农业有限公司 A kind of new processing work table apparatus and its application method
CN108857811A (en) * 2018-07-27 2018-11-23 苏州嘉迈德电子科技有限公司 A kind of polishing jig
CN111451775A (en) * 2020-06-22 2020-07-28 山东科技职业学院 Full-automatic efficient machining device for piston pin holes

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Application publication date: 20150429