CN104537815B - Species moving material measurement information transmission method - Google Patents

Species moving material measurement information transmission method Download PDF

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CN104537815B
CN104537815B CN 201410764221 CN201410764221A CN104537815B CN 104537815 B CN104537815 B CN 104537815B CN 201410764221 CN201410764221 CN 201410764221 CN 201410764221 A CN201410764221 A CN 201410764221A CN 104537815 B CN104537815 B CN 104537815B
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data
relay station
mobile terminal
signal strength
terminal
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CN 201410764221
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CN104537815A (en )
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杨志强
张海峰
王锐
张鸿雁
侯典胜
鞠永刚
高辉
赵健
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金川集团股份有限公司
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Abstract

本发明公开了种移动物料计量信息传输方法,其特征在于,所述方法是在每个物料计量点设置2个终端采集模块,终端采集模块采集到的计量信息经数据中继站和网络交换机自动传输到数据服务器进行显示和存储,同时,另终端采集模块将采集的相同计量信息由数据中继站主动转发到信号覆盖区内的手持移动终端,由手持移动终端对计量信息数据(计量时间、称重编号、毛重、皮重、净重、来源地、目的地、操作人员)进行分类归档后,再经数据中继站和网络交换机传输到数据服务器;两路数据信息采用划分通讯子网和逻辑通讯链路两种方式进行隔离,通过各自对应的信息管道进行冗余传输。 The present invention discloses a kind of moving material measurement information transmission method, wherein the method is provided with two terminals of each module in the material measurement point, terminal acquisition module metering information to the relay station via the data network and switches automatically transferred to server data display and storage, while the other end of the collection module to collect metering information forwarded by the same data to the relay station coverage area active handheld mobile terminal, a handheld mobile data terminal information (metering time metering, weighing numbers, after the gross weight, tare, weight, origin, destination, operators) are classified archiving, then the relay station via the data transmission network switch and to the data server; using two-way data communication sub divided in two ways and logical communication link isolation, redundant information transmitted over the respective corresponding pipe. 本发明能极大提高数据传输的可靠性。 The present invention can greatly improve the reliability of data transmission.

Description

一种移动物料计量信息传输方法 A mobile information transmission method of measurement of material

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及数据网络技术领域,尤其涉及一种移动物料计量信息传输方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of data network technology, particularly to a moving material measurement information transmission method.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 在工业生产流程中,受生产现场温度、空间环境等条件限制,移动物料计量信息的传输普遍采用无线电台接收和无线终端模块发射方式。 [0002] In industrial processes, the production site by the temperature, space environment and other conditions, material measurement information transmitted from the mobile radio station commonly used to receive and transmit radio terminal module embodiment. 无线电台经过多年发展,经历从模拟信号调制向数字传输的演变过程,传输速率、安全可靠性有一定的提高。 Radio After years of development, experience from an analog signal to modulate the evolution of digital transmission, transmission speed, security and reliability have improved to some extent. 无线电台可以用于组建通讯点数不多、传输数据流量小的无线网络。 Radio communication can be used to build small point, a small wireless network data traffic. 由于无线电台采用无线设备终端逐一扫描的工作方式,其数据传输实时性不高。 Since the radio terminal device using the wireless operating mode one by one scan, which real-time data transfer is not high. 同时无线电台占用特定通讯频段,须向无线电管理委员会申请批准后方可架设。 At the same time occupying a specific radio frequency communications, Radio Management Committee shall approve the application before the erection. 接收电台周围环境严重影响计量信息的传输效果,在电磁辐射国标许可范围内,尤其是钢结构厂房、高温冶金炉窑聚集区,数据丢包、误码率相当严重。 Receiving station surroundings seriously affect the measurement of the effect of the transmission of information within the standard range of countries permit electromagnetic radiation, especially steel plants, pyrometallurgical furnace gathering area, packet loss, bit error rate is very serious. 传统无线电台用于数据采集时,包括设备采集终端、发射天线、无线电台、接收天线、网络交换机、数据服务器、通讯线缆等主要部分,其系统基本架构如图1所示。 When a conventional radio for data acquisition, acquisition terminal device comprising a main portion, the transmitting antenna, a radio station, a receiving antenna, network switches, data server, communication cable or the like, the system basic structure shown in Figure 1.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明的目的是针对现有技术存在的问题,提供一种移动物料计量信息冗余传输方法。 [0003] The object of the present invention is directed to the problem of the prior art, there is provided a mobile material measurement redundancy information transmission method.

[0004] 上述目的是通过下述方案实现的: [0004] The above object is achieved by the following scheme:

[0005] —种移动物料计量信息传输方法,其特征在于,所述方法是在每个物料计量点设置2个终端采集模块,终端采集模块采集到的计量信息经数据中继站和网络交换机自动传输到数据服务器进行显示和存储,同时,另一终端采集模块将采集的相同计量信息由数据中继站主动转发到信号覆盖区内的手持移动终端,由手持移动终端对计量信息数据进行分类归档后,再经数据中继站和网络交换机传输到数据服务器;两路数据信息采用划分通讯子网和逻辑通讯链路两种方式进行隔离,通过各自对应的信息管道进行冗余传输。 [0005] - Species moving material measurement information transmission method, wherein the method is provided with two terminals of each module in the material measurement point acquisition module terminal metering information to the relay station via the data network and switches automatically transferred to server data display and storage, while the other end of the collection module to collect metering information from the same data relay station forwards the active signal to the handheld mobile terminal within the coverage area, the classification data archiving metering information from the handheld mobile terminal, and then and relay data transmitted to the data server network switch; two-way data communication using the sub-division and logical communication link two ways isolation, redundant information transmitted over the respective corresponding pipe.

[0006] 根据上述的信息传输方法,其特征在于,所述数据中继站自动跟踪覆盖区域内的手持移动终端位置和信号探测强度,并根据位置和信号强度调整部分阵列天线的方位角和增益强度,实现通讯链路最佳化。 [0006] According to the information transmission method, wherein the data relay station coverage handheld mobile terminal automatically track the position and intensity of the signal detection regions, and adjusts the gain of the azimuth and strength of the portion of the array antenna signal strength and the position, realize the communication link optimization.

[0007] 根据上述的信息传输方法,其特征在于,所述移动手持终端对物料计量数据进行的相关计量信息操作存储在移动手持终端嵌入式数据库中,同时同步更新数据服务器计量数据。 [0007] According to the information transmission method wherein, said metering information related to mobile handheld terminal storing operation of the material metering data performed in the mobile handheld terminal embedded database, update data server while simultaneously metering data.

[0008] 根据上述的信息传输方法,其特征在于:依据覆盖区内每个数据中继站分布的终端数量a,主动漫游阈值沒,选择数据传输路径;根据数据传输路径,调整阵列天线方位A. h数量6和射频发射功率哗;实时更新系统状态,根据终端在覆盖区的空间位置状况、障碍物分布、各数据中继站接收到的终端射频信号强度7π,调整参数信息,重新规划数据传输路径;各参数计算公式和含义如下: [0008] According to the information transmission method, wherein: each of the data based on the coverage area of ​​the relay station the number of distribution terminals a, roaming thresholds not active, select the data transmission path; according to the data transmission path to adjust the orientation of the array antenna A. h number 6 and RF transmit power Wow; updated in real time system status, according to the terminal position in space conditions coverage area, distribution of obstacles, each data relay terminal RF signal strength of the received 7n, adjustment parameter information, re-planning a data transmission path; each calculated parameters defined as follows:

Figure CN104537815BD00061

[0017] Cffie是发射射频信号强度类型; [0017] Cffie type is the emission intensity of a radio frequency signal;

[0018] #是数据中继站数量; [0018] # the number of data relay stations;

[0019] 込是第i个数据中继站接入的授权终端数量; [0019] includes the postage authorizing number of the terminals is the i-th relay station to access data;

[0020] /1是覆盖区域内的接入授权移动终端数量; [0020] / 1 in a region covering the access authorization number of mobile terminals;

[0021] S是数据中继站接收到的移动终端信号强度类型等级,& = _:!,数据中继站接收信号强度低A = 0,数据中继站接收信号强度一般,无=,数据中继站接收信号强度高; [0021] S is a data relay station receives the mobile terminal signal strength type level, amp &; = _:, data relay station the received signal strength is low A = 0, the data relay station receives the signal strength in general, no = high data relay station the received signal strength! ;

[0022] 夂是数据中继站信号强度等级下限值,若覆盖网络内存在较强信号,则主动进行切换; [0022] Fan is a data relay station signal strength level value, if the stronger signal exists in the overlay network, the active switching;

[0023] 心是数据中继站信号强度信号上限值,高于该值时,移动终端不进行中继站漫游; [0023] The upper limit of the data center is a relay station signal strength, above which the mobile terminal does not perform a relay station roams;

[0024] #是数据中继站对移动终端进行管理的阈值; [0024] # is a data relay station to the mobile terminal for managing a threshold value;

[0025] 馬是当前移动终端对应所有数据中继站射频信号强度最大值; [0025] Ma is the maximum of all current mobile terminal corresponding to the radio signal strength data of the relay station;

[0026] 及是当前移动终端对应的每个数据中继站射频信号强度; [0026] the mobile terminal and the current data corresponding to each relay station the radio frequency signal strength;

[0027] 是数据中继站接收到的移动终端射频信号强度值; [0027] The mobile terminal is a radio frequency signal strength value of the received data to the relay station;

[0028] 0')是数据中继站接收到的第/个移动终端的射频信号强度值; [0028] 0 ') is a radio frequency signal strength value of the received / mobile relay station data terminals;

[0029] &amp;是数据中继站阵列天线对应第<个移动终端的调整方向角,单位为弧度; [0029] & amp; data corresponding to the first relay station antenna array <mobile terminal reorientation angle radians;

[0030] €是i个移动终端应分配的天线数量; [0030] € i is the number of antennas to be allocated to mobile terminals;

[0031] Γ是中继站阵列天线总数量; [0031] Γ is the total number of relay stations of the array antenna;

[0032] Z是移动终端距中继站的直线距离,单位为m; [0032] Z is a linear distance from the mobile terminal to the relay station, in units of m;

[0033] ,¾是移动终端距中继站的水平直线距离,单位为m; [0033], ¾ mobile terminal from horizontal linear distance relay station, in units of m;

[0034] V是无线电波传输速度,为關_1|讎賴I; [0034] V is the velocity of radio wave transmission, OFF _1 | Lai Chou I;

[0035] 〖是中继站无线信号到对应移动终端所用时间,单位为s; [0035] 〖relay station corresponding to a wireless signal to a mobile terminal with time, in S;

[0036] 是中继站单根天线的最大射频功率,单位是dB。 [0036] The relay station maximum single antenna RF power, in units of dB.

[0037] 本发明的有益效果: [0037] Advantageous effects of the invention:

[0038] 1.本发明采用多中继分布式传输技术,避免传统无线数字电台射频发射功率大, 存在传输死区,不符合行业和国标要求,无法克服现场干扰,存在死角问题,实现绿色,安全,环保; [0038] 1. The present invention uses a multi-hop distributed transmission technology, to avoid the traditional wireless digital radio RF transmit power, transmission dead zone exists, does not meet the national standard and the industry can not overcome the interference field, there is a dead issue and realize the green, safety, environmental protection;

[0039] 2.本发明采用双通道冗余传输技术,两通道计量数据之间可以相互校验,及时发现误操作; [0039] 2. The present invention is a dual channel redundancy transmission technology, metering data between the two channels with each other can be checked, to detect erroneous operation;

[0040] 3.本发明采用手持移动终端对移动物料走向及计量信息进行分类,避免传统集中式计量系统,物料操作人员既要操作移动车辆,又要操作计量设备状态信息的问题,有效缓解车辆操作人员的劳动强度。 [0040] 3. The present invention uses a mobile handheld mobile terminal metering information and material to be classified, to avoid the traditional centralized metering system, both to the material the operator operating a mobile vehicle, but also the metering device operating status information, and effectively alleviate the vehicle the labor intensity.

[0041] 4.本发明在系统通讯线路出现故障时,手持终端具有数据缓冲功能,可以对所有操作状态和数据进行离线数据存储,等系统网络恢复后,手持终端数据同步更新上传到数据服务器。 Post [0041] 4. The system of the present invention, when a communication line failure occurs, a handheld terminal having a data buffer function can be performed offline data storage and data for all operating states, and other network recovery system, the handheld terminal data synchronization update data uploaded to a server. 本发明精确实用,性价比高,有利于大规模推广应用。 The present invention is accurate and practical, cost-effective, conducive to large-scale application.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0042] 图1是传统数字电台网络构架示意图; [0042] FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a conventional digital radio network architecture;

[0043] 图2是本发明的分布式网络构架示意图; [0043] FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a distributed network architecture of the present invention;

[0044] 图3是本发明的数据传输功能图; [0044] FIG. 3 is a functional diagram of a data transmission according to the present invention;

[0045] 图4是本发明的一个实施例的测试结果示意图。 [0045] FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the test results of an embodiment of the present invention.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0046] 本发明采用的网络构架如图2所示,包括移动物料计量主机1、数据采集终端2、数据中继站3、手持移动终端4 (如TOA)、无线网络控制器5、网络交换机6、数据服务器7 (即上位机)、通讯线缆8等组成。 [0046] The present invention employs the network architecture shown in Figure 2, comprising a mobile host material measurement, data collection terminal 2, data of the relay station 3, the mobile handheld terminal 4 (e.g., the TOA), a radio network controller 5, network switches 6, data server 7 (i.e., PC), the communication cable 8 and so on.

[0047] 本发明的移动物料计量信息传输方法在每个物料计量点设置2个终端采集模块, 终端采集模块采集到的计量信息经数据中继站和网络交换机自动传输到数据服务器进行显示和存储,同时,另一终端采集模块将采集的相同计量信息由数据中继站主动转发到信号覆盖区内的手持移动终端,由手持移动终端对计量信息数据(计量时间、称重编号、毛重、 皮重、净重、来源地、目的地、操作人员)后经数据中继站和网络交换机传输到上位机;两路数据信息采用划分通讯子网和逻辑通讯链路两种方式进行隔离,通过各自对应的信息管道进行冗余传输。 [0047] The movement of material metering information transmission method of the present invention is provided with two terminal module in the each material measurement point, terminal acquisition module to metering information via the data relay and network switches automatically transmitted to the data server for display and storage, while , another terminal of the same acquisition module to collect metering information forwarded by the relay station data to a handheld mobile terminal active coverage area, the information data from the handheld mobile terminal (metering time, weighing numbers, gross weight, tare weight on the measurement, weight, source, the destination, the operator) after the relay station and the network switch data transmission to the host computer; two-way data communication using the sub-division of the logical communication link and the isolation of two ways, through the redundancy information corresponding to a respective conduit transmission.

[0048] 数据中继站自动跟踪覆盖区域内的手持移动终端位置和信号探测强度,并根据位置和信号强度调整部分阵列天线的方位角和增益强度,实现通讯链路最佳化。 [0048] The data relay station automatically track the position and covering the handheld mobile terminal detecting signal intensity in the area, and in accordance with the position and azimuth and strength gain adjusting section of the array antenna signal strength to achieve optimal communication link.

[0049] 根据上述的信息传输方法,其特征在于,所述移动手持终端对物料计量数据进行的相关计量信息操作存储在移动手持终端嵌入式数据库中,同时同步更新数据服务器计量数据。 [0049] According to the information transmission method, wherein the metering information related to mobile handheld terminal storing operation of the material metering data performed in the mobile handheld terminal embedded database, update data server while simultaneously metering data.

[0050] 具体的实现步骤如下: [0050] The specific steps are as follows:

[0051] 1)根据数据中继站数量iV,确定数据中继站覆盖区内手持移动终端和终端采集模块数量力及其特性描述(入网®®标识码、物理地址、逻辑地址/P和发射射频信号强度&amp;ί:类型);2)依据覆盖区内每个数据中继站分布的手持移动终端和终端采集模块数量这,主动漫游阈值#,选择数据传输路径乓;3)根据数据传输路径^,调整阵列天线方位.¾、数量$和射频发射功率;4)建立终端采集模块-数据中继站-网络交换机-数据服务器第一条信息传输路径;5)建立终端采集模块-数据中继站-移动手持-数据中继站-网络交换机-数据服务器第二条冗余传输路径;6)数据存储及归类;7)实时更新系统状态,根据终端在覆盖区的空间位置状况、障碍物分布、各数据中继站接收到的终端射频信号强度调整参数信息,开始步骤(1) - (7)重新规划数据传输路径。 [0051] 1) the number of the iV data relay station, the relay station coverage area to determine the data terminals and the handheld mobile terminal number collection module and characterization force (®® network identification code, physical address, logical address / P and transmitting radio frequency signals strength & amp ; ί: type); 2) based on handheld mobile terminal and a terminal within the coverage area of ​​each data relay distribution acquisition number of modules which, active roaming thresholds #, select the data transmission path pong; three) according to the data transmission path ^, adjust the array antenna orientation .¾, the number of $ and RF transmit power; 4) establishment of the terminal acquisition module - data relay station - network switch - first information transfer path data server; 5) establishment of the terminal acquisition module - data relay station - mobile handsets - a data relay station - network switch - second redundant transmission path data server; 6) data storage and classification; 7) the system status updated in real time, according to the spatial position of the terminal in the coverage area condition, distribution of obstacles, each relay station receives the data to a radio frequency signal terminal intensity adjusting parameter information, starting with step (1) - (7) re-planning data transmission path.

[0052] 计算公式如下: [0052] calculated as follows:

Figure CN104537815BD00081

[0061] Cmc是发射射频信号强度类型; [0061] Cmc is transmitting radio frequency signals strength type;

[0062] 灰是数据中继站数量; [0062] is the number of gray data relay stations;

[0063] α是第?:个数据中继站接入的授权终端数量; [0063] α are: number of terminals authorized to access the data relay;?

[0064] 是覆盖区域内的接入授权移动终έ而数M; [0064] within the region covering the access authorization and the number M έ mobile terminal;

[0065] f是数据中继站接收到的移动终端信号强度类型等级,灸_二-i,数据中继站接收信号强度低,秦=0,数据中继站接收信号强度一般,I二+1,数据中继站接收信号强度高; [0065] f is a data relay station receives the mobile terminal signal strength type level, moxibustion _ two -i, low data relay station receives signal strength, Qin = 0, the data relay station receives signal strength general, the I two + 1, the data relay station receives signals high strength;

[0066] Λ是数据中继站信号强度等级下限值,若覆盖网络内存在较强信号,则主动进行切换; [0066] Λ is a data relay station signal strength level value, if the stronger signal exists in the overlay network, the active switching;

[0067] 4是数据中继站信号强度信号上限值,高于该值时,移动终端不进行中继站漫游; [0067] 4 is an upper limit value of a data relay station signal strength, above which the mobile terminal does not relay station roams;

[0068] 沒是数据中继站对移动终端进行管理的阈值; [0068] The data relay station is not the mobile terminal is a threshold value management;

[0069] 是当前移动终端对应所有数据中继站射频信号强度最大值; [0069] is the maximum of all current mobile terminal corresponding to the data relay a radio frequency signal strength;

[0070] &amp;是当前移动终端对应的每个数据中继站射频信号强度; [0070] & amp; current data of the mobile terminal corresponding to each relay station the radio frequency signal strength;

[0071] 是数据中继站接收到的移动终端射频信号强度值; [0071] The mobile terminal is a radio frequency signal strength value of the received data to the relay station;

[0072] /S£r(〇足数据中继站接收到的第i个移动终端的射频信号强度值; [0072] / S £ r (square foot data relay station the received RF signal strength value of the i-th mobile terminal;

[0073] &amp;是数据中继站阵列天线对应第/个移动终端的调整方向角,单位为弧度; [0073] & amp; data corresponding to an array antenna of the relay station / mobile terminal direction of adjustment of the angle, in radians;

[0074] 6是ί个移动终端应分配的天线数量; [0074] 6 is the number of antennas ί mobile terminal to be assigned;

[0075] .G是中继站阵列天线总数量; [0075] .G is the total number of relay stations of the array antenna;

[0076] Z是移动终端距中继站的直线距离,单位为m; [0076] Z is the linear distance from the mobile terminal a relay station, in units of m;

[0077] 為是移动终端距中继站的水平直线距离,单位为m; [0077] The terminal is a mobile relay station from horizontal linear distance, in units of m;

[0078] V是无线电波传输速度,为獲酬|關繼||#1; [0078] V is the velocity of radio wave transmission, as was paid | off relay || # 1;

[0079] I是中继站无线信号到对应移动终端所用时间,单位为s; [0079] I is a relay station corresponding to a wireless signal to a mobile terminal with time, in S;

[0080] 是中继站单根天线的最大射频功率,单位是dB。 [0080] relay station is a single antenna RF power maximum, the unit is dB.

[0081] 下面结合具体实施例,对冶金熔炼生产系统的部分投入产出及中间转运物料计量信息采用本发明的方案进行详细描述说明。 [0081] below with reference to specific embodiments, the production system on the part of the metallurgical smelting intermediate outputs and inputs information using the metering transport materials of this invention are described in detail described.

[0082] 在长度为450m,宽度25m的高温高粉尘冶金熔炼生产车间内实施时,共部署5台数据中继站,每台间隔距离70m。 [0082] The length of 450m, a width of 25m when implemented within a high-temperature high-melting metallurgical dust production plant, a total of five data of the relay station deployment, each spaced a distance 70m. 为实现对多客户端的自动跟踪和数据信息交互,选择0.5W低功率高增益防尘防水360°全域阵列天线型数据中继站。 In order to realize the automatic multi-client tracking and data information exchange, low power, high gain select 0.5W dustproof and waterproof full 360 ° domain data type array antenna relay station. 数据中继站沿厂房长度方向均匀固定在生产车间的房顶处。 Plant data relay station in the longitudinal direction at a uniform fixed to the roof of the production plant.

[0083] 移动物料计量主机安装在行车上,用于行车称重数据的大屏现场显示,并提供2路串口通讯接口。 [0083] Mobile host material measurement line installation car weighing data for driving large-screen display field and provides two-way serial communication interface. 本发明中计量主机分别连接2个数据采集终端模块,输入数据采用串口RS232协议,传输数据校验和波特率与计量主机保持一致。 The present invention, respectively connected to two main metering data collection terminal module, the input data using serial RS232 protocol, baud rate and parity data transfer consistent with the measurement host. 两路输出均采用TCP/IP无线透明传输协议,但两者数据运行在不同的通讯链路信道和vLan子网中。 Both outputs using TCP / IP transparent wireless transmission protocol, but both data communication links running in different channels and vLan subnet. 其中一路计量信息经数据中继站、网络交换机上传到数据服务器,另一路计量信息由该通讯子网内的手持移动终端定时主动触发数据服务请求,将计量主机编号、计量数据、操作信息(包括毛重、皮重、净重、操作时间、物料来源、物料去向等)经手持移动终端、数据中继站、网络交换机同步更新到数据服务器。 The way in which the metering information via the data relay, network switch data uploaded to the server and the other way metering information from the handheld mobile terminal within the communication subnetwork timer active trigger data service request, the measurement host number, measurement data, operational information (including gross weight, tare weight, net weight, operation time, source material, the material whereabouts) via handheld mobile terminal, the relay data, the network switch to the data synchronization update server.

[0084] 手持移动终端用于接收来自网络覆盖区内计量主机发出的称重数据信息及称重主机编号,同时根据移动物料操作状态,对不同物料进行归类。 [0084] The handheld mobile terminal for receiving the weighing data network measurement information sent from the host within the coverage area and weighing host number, while the movement of material in accordance with the operating state, categorize different materials. 手持移动终端部署SQLCE嵌入式数据库,可以通过通讯网络与数据服务器SQL Server数据库视图字段信息进行同步更新。 Handheld mobile terminals deployment SQLCE embedded database can be updated simultaneously through the communication network and data server SQL Server database view field information. 计量操作信息在操作完成后存储于手持终端嵌入式数据库中,并与数据服务器中数据库同步更新。 After the measurement operation is complete the operation information stored in the handheld terminal in an embedded database, update and synchronize the data with the database server.

[0085] 无线网络控制器用于对数据中继站、数据采集终端、手持移动终端进行管理监控。 [0085] The radio network controller to relay data, data collection terminals, handheld mobile terminal management control. 监测客户端的信号强度,动态计算每个客户端与数据中继站的通讯距离。 Monitoring the signal strength of the client, dynamic communication distance is calculated for each client with a data relay station. 并根据信号强度变化进行主动漫游切换。 Active roaming and handover in accordance with the signal intensity variation.

[0086] 本实施例中:计量主机选择梅特勒托利多XK3130,数据采集终端选择USR-WIFI 6 0 0系列工业级三防模块,数据中继站选择美国工业级室外型低功耗RUCKUS Zoneflex2741,无线网络控制器选择美国RUCKUS ZoneDirector3000型,手持移动终端选择军工级户外型美国天宝公司的IP68高防护等级Trimble Nomad。 [0086] In this embodiment: Measurement METTLER TOLEDO host XK3130, data acquisition. 6 the WIFI-terminal selects 0 0 the USR series of three anti industrial module, a data relay station selects U.S. outdoor industrial low-power RUCKUS Zoneflex2741, radio network controller selects US RUCKUS ZoneDirector3000 type, choose military grade handheld mobile terminal outdoor US Trimble's high degree of protection IP68 Trimble Nomad. 针对本实施例的数据信息传输链路选择及具体实现过程如下: Selection information for the data transmission link and the specific implementation process of this embodiment is as follows:

[0087] 1.根据进入数据中继站%的客户端数量士,自动调整阵列天线的分布和天线阵列方位角; [0087] The access relay station 1% of the number of clients data disabilities, automatic adjustment of the array antenna and an antenna array azimuth angle distribution;

Figure CN104537815BD00101

[0090] 2.根据无线网络控制器接入网络客户端对应数据中继站的反馈信号强度和相对距离I,选择客户端需连接的数据中继站: [0090] data corresponding to the relay station 2. The radio network controller of the access network client feedback signal intensity and the relative distance I, the relay station selecting data to be connected to the client:

Figure CN104537815BD00102

[0092] 且4 ,则对应客户端连接的数据中继站为 [0092] and 4, the data corresponding to the relay station is connected to the client

Figure CN104537815BD00103

[0094] 对应数据中继站的调节阵列天线的射频增益爻 [0094] The array antenna RF gain adjustment corresponding to the data relay station Yao

Figure CN104537815BD00104

[0095] [0095]

Figure CN104537815BD00105

,则对应客户端连接数据中继站为 , The data corresponding to the client connected to the relay station

Figure CN104537815BD00106

[0096] 对应数据中继站的调节阵列天线的射频增益爻 [0096] adjusting the gain of an array antenna radio relay station data corresponding to Yao

Figure CN104537815BD00107

[0097] 決设·对应客户端连接数据中继站不发生变化,阵列天线的射频增益为 [0097] The summary is provided corresponding to the client-connection data the relay station is not changed, the gain of the array antenna for a radio frequency

Figure CN104537815BD00108

[0099] 3.选择冗余传输链路 [0099] 3. Select the redundant transmission links

[0100] 根据手持移动终端、数据采集终端模块所属子网及其对应的网关地址将计量数据信息划分到不同VLan子网; [0100] The hand-held mobile terminals, data collection terminal and the subnet gateway module corresponding to the address information will be divided into different metering data VLan subnet;

[0101] 4. —路计量数据经数据采集终端发送至手持移动终端,手持移动终端对来自数据采集终端的计量信息进行分类归档,包括计量时间、毛重、皮重、净重、物料来源和去向选择,操作完成后确认暂存至手持移动终端内SQLCE嵌入式数据库,同时启动数据更新模式将当前操作信息同步到远程数据服务器; [0101] 4. - Measurement data channel via the data collection terminal transmitting to the mobile handheld terminal, handheld mobile terminal on the measurement information from the data collection terminal classifying archived, metering time, gross weight, tare, net, the material source and destination selection after the completion of the operation to confirm that the handheld mobile terminal temporary SQLCE embedded database, update mode and start data current synchronized operation information to a remote data server;

[0102] 5.另一路计量数据经数据采集终端直接由数据中继站设定的vLan子网通道传输至远程数据服务器。 [0102] 5. Another way metering data to a remote server via a data channel vLan subnet data collection terminal directly set by a data relay station.

[0103] 6.结束,等待执行下一次操作。 [0103] 6. The end, wait for the next operation performed.

[0104] 以高温、高粉尘、复杂钢结构条件下冶金熔炼生产系统厂房内分布式移动物料计量信息传输方法和传统集中式无线电台模式从射频功率大小、数据误码率方面进行对比, 其中横坐标为传输距离,纵坐标为射频功率和误码率。 [0104] In the production system at the metallurgical melting temperature, high dust, steel complex plant distributed mobile measurement condition information transmission method and the conventional material centralized radio from the radio frequency power comparison pattern size, data error rate, wherein the cross coordinates transmission distance, and the ordinate the error rate for the RF power. 如表1和图4所知,将本发明依据生产实际测算数据与电台式移动物料计量系统的数据进行绘图表示,横坐标为传输距离,纵坐标为采用本发明测得的数据中继站最大射频功率和对应误码率。 As known in Table 1 and FIG. 4, the present invention is based on actual measurement data and production data mobile radio plotted material metering system, said transmission distance as the abscissa, ordinate data of the present invention employing a relay station measured maximum RF power and a corresponding error rate. 可以看出,本发明中分布式冗余传输的主要指标如下: As can be seen, the main indicators of the present invention, the redundant transmission distributed as follows:

[0105] 1)该发明可以有效克服在复杂工业生产环境中传输距离所导致的误码率过大,数据丢包问题,做到数据传输稳定可靠; [0105] 1) The invention can overcome in a complex industrial environments resulting from the transmission error rate is too large, the problem of data loss, so that stable and reliable data transmission;

[0106] 2)该发明可以解决长距离传输条件下射频功率急剧增大所导致的一系列问题,分布式数据中继站射频功率调整始终在《电磁辐射防护标准》GB8702-88可控范围内,达到生产与安全两者兼顾; [0106] 2) The invention can solve a series of problems increases rapidly at long distance transmission of RF power conditions caused, distributed data relay always adjust the RF power in the "electromagnetic radiation protection standards" GB8702-88 controllable range, to achieve both production and safety into account;

[0107] 3)系统开放,可扩展及系统兼容性高,数据通讯协议完全开放,构思巧妙、简单易实施。 [0107] 3) The system is open, scalable systems and high compatibility data communication protocol completely open, ingenious, simple and easy to implement.

[0108] 表1 [0108] TABLE 1

Figure CN104537815BD00111

Claims (1)

  1. I. 一种移动物料计量信息传输方法,其特征在于,所述方法是在每个物料计量点设置2 个终端采集模块,终端采集模块采集到的计量信息经数据中继站和网络交换机自动传输到数据服务器进行显示和存储,同时,另一终端采集模块将采集的相同计量信息由数据中继站主动转发到信号覆盖区内的手持移动终端,由手持移动终端对计量信息数据进行分类归档后,再经数据中继站和网络交换机传输到数据服务器;两路数据信息采用划分通讯子网和逻辑通讯链路两种方式进行隔离,通过各自对应的信息管道进行冗余传输;所述数据中继站自动跟踪覆盖区域内的手持移动终端位置和信号探测强度,并根据位置和信号强度调整部分阵列天线的方位角和增益强度,实现通讯链路最佳化;所述手持移动终端对物料计量数据进行的分类归档操作信息存储在移动手持终端嵌 I. A mobile material measurement information transmission method, wherein the method is provided with two terminals of each module in the material measurement point, terminal acquisition module to metering information via the data network and the relay station automatically switches to the data transmission after the server display and storage, while the other end of the collection module to collect metering information forwarded by the same relay station the data active signal to the handheld mobile terminal coverage area, classifies the data archiving metering information from the handheld mobile terminal, and then the data the relay station and transmitted to the data server network switch; two-way data communication using the sub-division of the logical communication link and the isolation of two ways, each of redundant information corresponding to transmission by pipeline; automatically track the data relay station coverage area handheld mobile terminal and a position detecting signal strength, and in accordance with the position and azimuth and strength gain adjusting section of the array antenna signal strength to achieve optimal communication link; classification of the handheld mobile terminal operation information storage archival material measurement data of the embedded in mobile handsets 式数据库中,同时同步更新上位机计量数据;依据覆盖区内每个数据中继站分布的终端数量 The number of terminals within a coverage area of ​​each data based on the distribution of the relay station; database while metering data synchronization update PC
    Figure CN104537815BC00021
    ,主动漫游阈值 , Active roaming thresholds
    Figure CN104537815BC00022
    选择数据传输路径 Selection data transmission path
    Figure CN104537815BC00023
    ;根据数据传输路径. ; According to the data transmission path.
    Figure CN104537815BC00024
    ,调整阵列天线方位 Adjusting the orientation of the array antenna
    Figure CN104537815BC00025
    、数量 The number
    Figure CN104537815BC00026
    和射频发射功率遊b实时更新系统状态,根据终端在覆盖区的空间位置状况、障碍物分布、各数据中继站接收到的终端射频信号强度 RF transmit power and amusement system status updated in real time b, the terminal according to the spatial position of the status of the coverage area, distribution of obstacles, each relay station receives the data terminal to a radio frequency signal strength
    Figure CN104537815BC00027
    调整参数信息,重新规划数据传输路径;各参数计算公式和含义如下: Adjustment parameter information, re-planning a data transmission path; calculated parameters defined as follows:
    Figure CN104537815BC00028
    Figure CN104537815BC00029
    :是发射射频信号强度类型; : Is the emission intensity of a radio frequency signal type;
    Figure CN104537815BC000210
    是数据中继站数量; Data is the number of relay stations;
    Figure CN104537815BC000211
    是第i个数据中继站接入的授权终端数量; Authorization is the number of i-th data terminal access relay stations;
    Figure CN104537815BC000212
    :是覆盖区域内的接入授权移动终端数量; : Within the region covering the access authorization number of mobile terminals;
    Figure CN104537815BC00031
    是数据中继站接收到的移动终端信号强度类型等级, A data relay station to the mobile terminal received signal strength level type,
    Figure CN104537815BC00032
    ,数据中继站接收信号强度低,: Lower relay station receives the data signal strength:
    Figure CN104537815BC00033
    ,数据中继站接收信号强度一般, , Relay station receives the data signal strength in general,
    Figure CN104537815BC00034
    数据中继站接收信号强度高; High data relay station the received signal strength;
    Figure CN104537815BC00035
    是数据中继站信号强度等级下限值,若覆盖网络内存在较强信号,则主动进行切换; Is a data relay station signal strength level value, if the stronger signal exists in the overlay network, the active switching;
    Figure CN104537815BC00036
    是数据中继站信号强度信号上限值,高于该值时,移动终端不进行中继站漫游; Is the upper limit value data relay station signal strength, above this value, the mobile terminal does not perform a relay station roams;
    Figure CN104537815BC00037
    丨是数据中继站对移动终端进行管理的阈值; Shu relay station to the mobile data terminal management threshold;
    Figure CN104537815BC00038
    是当前移动终端对应所有数据中继站射频信号强度最大值; Is the maximum of all current mobile terminal corresponding to the data relay a radio frequency signal strength;
    Figure CN104537815BC00039
    是当前移动终端对应的每个数据中继站射频信号强度; It is the current data of the mobile terminal corresponding to each relay station the radio frequency signal strength;
    Figure CN104537815BC000310
    是数据中继站接收到的移动终端射频信号强度值; The mobile terminal is a radio frequency signal strength value of the received data to the relay station;
    Figure CN104537815BC000311
    是数据中继站接收到的第i个移动终端的射频信号强度值; Is a radio frequency signal strength value of the i-th received data relay mobile terminal;
    Figure CN104537815BC000312
    是数据中继站阵列天线对应第i个移动终端的调整方向角,单位为弧度; The relay station data corresponding to the i-th antenna array direction of the mobile terminal to adjust the angle in radians;
    Figure CN104537815BC000313
    是i个移动终端应分配的天线数量; I is the number of antennas to be allocated to mobile terminals;
    Figure CN104537815BC000314
    :是中继站阵列天线总数量; : Is the total number of relay stations of the array antenna;
    Figure CN104537815BC000315
    是移动终端距中继站的直线距离,单位为m; A straight line from the mobile terminal from the relay station, in units of m;
    Figure CN104537815BC000316
    是移动终端距中继站的水平直线距离,单位为m; A mobile terminal from a horizontal straight line from the relay station, in units of m;
    Figure CN104537815BC000317
    是无线电波传输速度,为 It is a radio wave transmission speed, as
    Figure CN104537815BC000318
    Figure CN104537815BC000319
    ;是中继站无线信号到对应移动终端所用时间,单位为s; ; Relay station corresponding to a wireless signal to a mobile terminal with time, in S;
    Figure CN104537815BC000320
    是中继站单根天线的最大射频功率,单位是dB; The relay station is a single antenna RF power maximum, the unit is dB;
    Figure CN104537815BC000321
    Figure CN104537815BC00041
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