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CN104537815A - Mobile material metering information transmission method - Google Patents

Mobile material metering information transmission method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104537815A
CN104537815A CN 201410764221 CN201410764221A CN104537815A CN 104537815 A CN104537815 A CN 104537815A CN 201410764221 CN201410764221 CN 201410764221 CN 201410764221 A CN201410764221 A CN 201410764221A CN 104537815 A CN104537815 A CN 104537815A
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data
metering
information
transmission
mobile
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CN 201410764221
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Chinese (zh)
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杨志强
王锐
张鸿雁
侯典胜
鞠永刚
高辉
赵健
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金川集团股份有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a mobile material metering information transmission method. The method comprises the following steps: providing two terminal collection modules on each material metering point; automatically transmitting metering information collected by one terminal collection module to a data server for display and store by virtue of a data relay station and a network switch; simultaneously, actively transferring the same metering information collected by the other terminal collection module to a handheld mobile terminal within a signal coverage area by virtue of the data relay station; classifying and filing metering information data (metering time, weighing number, gross weight, tare weight, net weight, source, destination and operating personnel) by the handheld mobile terminal, and then transmitting to the data server by virtue of the data relay station and the network switch; isolating two paths of data information in two manners of a dividing communication subnet and a logical communication link; and carrying out redundant transmission through respectively corresponding information pipelines. According to the mobile material metering information transmission method, the reliability of data transmission can be greatly improved.

Description

-种移动物料计量信息传输方法 - kind of mobile information transmission method for measurement of material

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及数据网络技术领域,尤其涉及一种移动物料计量信息传输方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of data network technology, particularly to a moving material measurement information transmission method.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 在工业生产流程中,受生产现场温度、空间环境等条件限制,移动物料计量信息的传输普遍采用无线电台接收和无线终端模块发射方式。 [0002] In industrial processes, the production site by the temperature, space environment and other conditions, the measurement information transmitted from the mobile material commonly used radio station and a radio terminal receiving means for transmitting manner. 无线电台经过多年发展,经历从模拟信号调制向数字传输的演变过程,传输速率、安全可靠性有一定的提高。 Radio After years of development, experience from an analog signal to modulate the evolution of digital transmission, transmission speed, security and reliability have improved to some extent. 无线电台可W用于组建通讯点数不多、传输数据流量小的无线网络。 W radio station can be used to build much communication points, a small wireless network data traffic. 由于无线电台采用无线设备终端逐一扫描的工作方式,其数据传输实时性不高。 Since the radio terminal device using the wireless operating mode one by one scan, which real-time data transfer is not high. 同时无线电台占用特定通讯频段,须向无线电管理委员会申请批准后方可架设。 At the same time occupying a specific radio frequency communications, Radio Management Committee shall approve the application before the erection. 接收电台周围环境严重影响计量信息的传输效果,在电磁福射国标许可范围内,尤其是钢结构厂房、高温冶金炉塞聚集区,数据丢包、误码率相当严重。 Receiving station surroundings seriously affect the measurement of the effect of the transmission of information within standard licensing electromagnetic blessing range shot countries, especially steel plants, pyrometallurgical furnace Cypriot enclave, packet loss, bit error rate is very serious. 传统无线电台用于数据采集时,包括设备采集终端、发射天线、无线电台、接收天线、网络交换机、数据服务器、通讯线缆等主要部分,其系统基本架构如图1所示。 When a conventional radio for data acquisition, acquisition terminal device comprising a main portion, the transmitting antenna, a radio station, a receiving antenna, network switches, data server, communication cable or the like, the system basic structure shown in Figure 1.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明的目的是针对现有技术存在的问题,提供一种移动物料计量信息兀余传输方法。 [0003] The object of the present invention is directed to the problem of the prior art, there is provided a mobile material measurement method for transmitting information over Wu.

[0004] 上述目的是通过下述方案实现的: 一种移动物料计量信息传输方法,其特征在于,所述方法是在每个物料计量点设置2 个终端采集模块,终端采集模块采集到的计量信息经数据中继站和网络交换机自动传输到数据服务器进行显示和存储,同时,另一终端采集模块将采集的相同计量信息由数据中继站主动转发到信号覆盖区内的手持移动终端,由手持移动终端对计量信息数据进行分类归档后,再经数据中继站和网络交换机传输到数据服务器;两路数据信息采用划分通讯子网和逻辑通讯链路两种方式进行隔离,通过各自对应的信息管道进行兀余传输。 [0004] The above object is achieved by the following solutions: A mobile material measurement information transmission method, wherein the method is provided with two terminals of each module in the material measurement point, terminal acquisition module to metering information via the data relay and network switches automatically transmitted to the data server for display and storage, while the other terminal collection module to collect the same measurement information is forwarded by the data relay active signal coverage area of ​​handheld mobile terminal, to a handheld mobile terminal after classifying data archiving metering information is then transferred via the data network and the relay station switches to the data server; two-way data communication using the sub-division of the logical communication link and the two ways can be isolated, Wu I transmitted through each information corresponding to the pipe .

[0005] 根据上述的信息传输方法,其特征在于,所述数据中继站自动跟踪覆盖区域内的手持移动终端位置和信号探测强度,并根据位置和信号强度调整部分阵列天线的方位角和增益强度,实现通讯链路最佳化。 [0005] According to the information transmission method, wherein the data relay station coverage handheld mobile terminal automatically track the position and intensity of the signal detection regions, and adjusts the gain of the azimuth and strength of the portion of the array antenna signal strength and the position, realize the communication link optimization.

[0006] 根据上述的信息传输方法,其特征在于,所述移动手持终端对物料计量数据进行的相关计量信息操作存储在移动手持终端嵌入式数据库中,同时同步更新数据服务器计量数据。 [0006] According to the information transmission method, wherein the metering information related to mobile handheld terminal storing operation of the material metering data performed in the mobile handheld terminal embedded database, update data server while simultaneously metering data.

[0007] 根据上述的信息传输方法,其特征在于:依据覆盖区内每个数据中继站分布的终端数量主动漫游阔值0,选择数据传输路径;根据数据传输路径调整阵列天线方位|2^ 、数量1^.和射频发射功率i^,_ ;实时更新系统状态,根据终端在覆盖区的空间位置状况、障碍物分布、各数据中继站接收到的终端射频信号强度/^^,调整参数信息,重新规划数据传输路径;各参数计算公式和含义如下: [0007] According to the information transmission method characterized in that: depending on the number of data terminals within the coverage area of ​​each relay station roaming active distribution width value 0, select the data transmission path; adjusting the orientation of the array antenna according to the data transmission path | 2 ^, the number of 1 and RF transmit power ^ I ^, _; system status updated in real time, according to the spatial position of the terminal in the coverage area of ​​the condition, the obstacle distribution terminal to each of the received RF signal strength data relay stations / ^^, adjustment parameter information, re planning a data transmission path; calculated parameters defined as follows:

Figure CN104537815AD00061

Qec是发射射频信号强度类型; jY是数据中继站数量; gf是第;j个数据中继站接入的授权终端数量; W是覆盖区域内的接入授权移动终端数量; 足是数据中继站接收到的移动终端信号强度类型等级,= _1,数据中继站接收 Qec is transmitting a radio frequency signal strength type; the jY is the number of data relay station; GF first; the number of authorized terminals j-th relay access; W is covering the access in the region of the authorization number of mobile terminals; foot mobile data relay station received terminal type signal strength level, = _1, relay station receives the data

Figure CN104537815AD00062

信号强度低,反二0,数据中继站接收信号强度一般,足二+1,数据中继站接收信号强度高; 是数据中继站信号强度等级下限值,若覆盖网络内存在较强信号,则主动进行切换; 是数据中继站信号强度信号上限值,高于该值时,移动终端不进行中继站漫游; ^是数据中继站对移动终端进行管理的阔值; 巧|3是当前移动终端对应所有数据中继站射频信号强度最大值; 巧是当前移动终端对应的每个数据中继站射频信号强度; •是数据中继站接收到的移动终端射频信号强度值; ()')是数据中继站接收到的第y•个移动终端的射频信号强度值; 是数据中继站阵列天线对应第f个移动终端的调整方向角,单位为弧度; 是1'个移动终端应分配的天线数量; C是中继站阵列天线总数量; Z是移动终端距中继站的直线距离,单位为m ; &是移动终端距中继站的水平直线距 Low signal strength, anti-20, a data relay station the received signal strength is generally enough two +1, high data relay station the received signal strength; is a data relay station signal strength level value, if the overlay network exists in stronger signals, the active switch ; is the upper limit value data relay station signal strength, above this value, the mobile terminal does not perform a relay station roams; ^ is a data relay station to the mobile terminal width value management; Qiao | 3 is the current mobile terminal corresponding to all data relay RF signals intensity maximum; Qiao is currently a mobile terminal corresponding to each data relay station RF signal level status; • is a data relay station the mobile terminal radio signal strength values ​​received; () ') is a data relay station receives the first y • mobile terminals RF signal strength value; data repeater station antenna array correspond to the f th adjustment direction of the mobile terminal angle, in radians; is the number of antennas 1 'mobile terminals to be assigned; C is the total number of relay stations array antennas; Z is a mobile terminal from linear distance relay station, in units of m; & linearly horizontally from the mobile terminal from the relay station ,单位为m ; V是无线电波传输速度,为3W00(MI00hi/j ; 是中继站无线信号到对应移动终端所用时间,单位为S ; i^max是中继站单根天线的最大射频功率,单位是地。 , In units of m; V is the radio wave transmission speed as 3W00 (MI00hi / j; relay station radio signal to the corresponding mobile terminal with time in S; i ^ max is the maximum radio frequency power of the relay station a single antenna, the unit is to .

[000引本发明的有益效果: 1. 本发明采用多中继分布式传输技术,避免传统无线数字电台射频发射功率大,存在传输死区,不符合行业和国标要求,无法克服现场干扰,存在死角问题,实现绿色,安全,环保; 2. 本发明采用双通道兀余传输技术,两通道计量数据之间可W相互校验,及时发现误操作; 3. 本发明采用手持移动终端对移动物料走向及计量信息进行分类,避免传统集中式计量系统,物料操作人员既要操作移动车辆,又要操作计量设备状态信息的问题,有效缓解车辆操作人员的劳动强度。 [000 cited the beneficial effects of the present invention: 1. The present invention uses a distributed multi-relay transmission technology, to avoid the traditional wireless digital radio RF transmit power, transmission dead zone exists, does not meet the national standard and the industry can not overcome the interference field, there is dead problem achieve green, safety, environmental protection; 2. Wu present invention than dual-channel transmission technology, can be cross-checked between the two W-channel measurement data, to detect erroneous operation; 3. handheld mobile terminal of the present invention using the mobile material and metering information to be classified, to avoid the traditional centralized metering system, material-handling personnel necessary to operate a moving vehicle, but also to operational issues metering device status information, effectively alleviate the labor intensity of the vehicle operator.

[0009] 4.本发明在系统通讯线路出现故障时,手持终端具有数据缓冲功能,可W对所有操作状态和数据进行离线数据存储,等系统网络恢复后,手持终端数据同步更新上传到数据服务器。 [0009] 4. The system of the present invention, when the communication line failure, the handy terminal having a data buffering function, W for all operating states and data offline data storage, and the like after recovery system network, the handheld terminal data synchronization update data uploaded to the server . 本发明精确实用,性价比高,有利于大规模推广应用。 The present invention is accurate and practical, cost-effective, conducive to large-scale application.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0010] 图1是传统数字电台网络构架示意图; 图2是本发明的分布式网络构架示意图; 图3是本发明的数据传输功能图; 图4是本发明的一个实施例的测试结果示意图。 [0010] FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a conventional digital radio network architecture; FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a distributed network architecture of the present invention; FIG. 3 is a functional diagram of a data transmission according to the present invention; FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of the present invention, the test results of the embodiment.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0011] 本发明采用的网络构架如图2所示,包括移动物料计量主机1、数据采集终端2、数据中继站3、手持移动终端4幼日PDA)、无线网络控制器5、网络交换机6、数据服务器7 (即上位机)、通讯线缆8等组成。 [0011] The present invention employs the network architecture shown in Figure 2, comprising a mobile host material measurement, data collection terminal 2, data of the relay station 3, handset 4 days immature PDA mobile terminals), a radio network controller 5, network switches 6, data server 7 (i.e., PC), the communication cable 8 and so on.

[0012] 本发明的移动物料计量信息传输方法在每个物料计量点设置2个终端采集模块, 终端采集模块采集到的计量信息经数据中继站和网络交换机自动传输到数据服务器进行显示和存储,同时,另一终端采集模块将采集的相同计量信息由数据中继站主动转发到信号覆盖区内的手持移动终端,由手持移动终端对计量信息数据(计量时间、称重编号、毛重、 皮重、净重、来源地、目的地、操作人员)后经数据中继站和网络交换机传输到上位机;两路数据信息采用划分通讯子网和逻辑通讯链路两种方式进行隔离,通过各自对应的信息管道进行兀余传输。 [0012] Mobile material measurement information transmission method of the present invention is provided with two terminal module in the each material measurement point, terminal acquisition module to metering information via the data relay and network switches automatically transmitted to the data server for display and storage, while , another terminal of the same acquisition module to collect metering information forwarded by the relay station data to a handheld mobile terminal active coverage area, the information data from the handheld mobile terminal (metering time, weighing numbers, gross weight, tare weight on the measurement, weight, source, the destination, the operator) after the relay station and the data transmission network switch to the host computer; two-way data communication using the sub-division of the logical communication link and the two ways can be isolated, by Wu I information corresponding to each conduit transmission.

[0013] 数据中继站自动跟踪覆盖区域内的手持移动终端位置和信号探测强度,并根据位置和信号强度调整部分阵列天线的方位角和增益强度,实现通讯链路最佳化。 [0013] The data relay station automatically track the position and covering the handheld mobile terminal detecting signal intensity in the area, and in accordance with the position and azimuth and strength gain adjusting section of the array antenna signal strength to achieve optimal communication link.

[0014] 根据上述的信息传输方法,其特征在于,所述移动手持终端对物料计量数据进行的相关计量信息操作存储在移动手持终端嵌入式数据库中,同时同步更新数据服务器计量数据。 [0014] According to the information transmission method, wherein the metering information related to mobile handheld terminal storing operation of the material metering data performed in the mobile handheld terminal embedded database, update data server while simultaneously metering data.

[0015] 具体的实现步骤如下: 1)根据数据中继站数量^,确定数据中继站覆盖区内手持移动终端和终端采集模块数量M及其特性描述(入网标识码、物理地址ffiac、逻辑地址IP和发射射频信号强度类型);2)依据覆盖区内每个数据中继站分布的手持移动终端和终端采集模块数量主动漫游阔值选择数据传输路径; 3)根据数据传输路径调整阵列天线方位幻t、数量f和射频发射功率;4)建立终端采集模块-数据中继站-网络交换机-数据服务器第一条信息传输路径;5)建立终端采集模块-数据中继站-移动手持-数据中继站-网络交换机-数据服务器第二条兀余传输路径;6)数据存储及归类;7)实时更新系统状态,根据终端在覆盖区的空间位置状况、障碍物分布、各数据中继站接收到的终端射频信号强度•,调整参数信息,开始步骤(1)- (7)重新规划数据传输路径。 [0015] Specific steps are as follows: 1) the number of relay stations ^ the data, the relay station coverage area to determine the data terminals and the handheld mobile terminal number collection module M and its characteristic description (network identification code, the physical address ffiac, logical IP addresses and transmit RF signal level type); 2) data based on the coverage area of ​​each of the hand-held mobile terminal and the relay terminal acquisition module station roaming number of active distribution width value of the selected data transmission path; 3) to adjust the orientation of the array antenna according to the data transmission path t magic number f and RF transmit power; 4) establishment of the terminal acquisition module - data relay station - network switch - first information transfer path data server; 5) establishment of the terminal acquisition module - data relay station - mobile handsets - a data relay station - the network switch - a data server in the second Article I Wu transmission path; 6) data storage and classification; 7) the system status updated in real time, according to the spatial position of the terminal in the coverage area condition, distribution of obstacles, each relay station receives the data terminal • RF signal level, the adjustment parameter information , starting with step (1) - (7) re-planning data transmission path.

[0016] 计算公式如下: [0016] calculated as follows:

Figure CN104537815AD00091

是发射射频信号强度类型; 是数据中继站数量; 是第;f个数据中继站接入的授权终端数量; 打是覆盖区域内的接入授权移动终端数量; Is the emission intensity of a radio frequency signal type; the number of data is a relay station; are; authorized number of terminals of the relay station to access data f; hit within the region covering the access authorization number of mobile terminals;

Figure CN104537815AD00092

是数据中继站接收到的移动终端信号强度类型等级,足二-1,数据中继站接收信号强度低,足二0,数据中继站接收信号强度一般,足二+1,数据中继站接收信号强度高; 是数据中继站信号强度等级下限值,若覆盖网络内存在较强信号,则主动进行切换; /[-是数据中继站信号强度信号上限值,高于纖时,移动终端不进行中继站漫游; 0是数据中继站对移动终端进行管理的阔值; 是当前移动终端对应所有数据中继站射频信号强度最大值; 巧^是当前移动终端对应的每个数据中继站射频信号强度; •是数据中继站接收到的移动终端射频信号强度值; (^0是数据中继站接收到的第I个移动终端的射频信号强度值; 是数据中继站阵列天线对应第I'个移动终端的调整方向角,单位为弧度; 1^.是f个移动终端应分配的天线数量; C是中继站阵列天线总数量; I是移动终 A data relay station received by the mobile terminal signal strength type level, foot two -1, low data relay station the received signal strength, the foot 20, the data relay station receives the signal strength is generally enough two +1, high data relay station the received signal strength; data limit, if the stronger signal exists in the overlay network, the active switching signal strength level at the relay station; / [- upper limit value is a data relay station signal strength, higher than the fiber, the mobile terminal does not perform a relay station roams; data 0 the relay station to the mobile terminal width value management; the current mobile terminal corresponding to the radio frequency signal strength the maximum value of all the data relay; Qiao ^ is currently a mobile terminal corresponding to each data relay station RF signal level status; • is a data relay station receives the mobile terminal RF signal strength value; (^ 0 is a radio frequency signal strength value of the received I-th mobile terminal, a data relay station; data repeater station antenna array correspond to the first I 'angle adjusting direction of mobile terminals, in radians; 1 ^ is f. the number of antennas to be allocated to mobile terminals; C is the total number of array antenna relay station; mobile terminal is the I 端距中继站的直线距离,单位为m ; &是移动终端距中继站的水平直线距离,单位为m ; V是无线电波传输速度,为HMWiCli/J; r是中继站无线信号到对应移动终端所用时间,单位为S ; 是中继站单根天线的最大射频功率,单位是地。 illdA, End of the linear distance from the relay station, in units of m; & is the distance relay station horizontal movement of the terminal linear distance, in units of m; V is the radio wave transmission speed is HMWiCli / J; r relay station radio signal to the corresponding mobile terminal used time, unit is S; maximum RF power of the relay station is a single antenna, the unit is to illdA,.

[0017] 下面结合具体实施例,对冶金烙炼生产系统的部分投入产出及中间转运物料计量信息采用本发明的方案进行详细描述说明。 [0017] In particular embodiments in conjunction with the following embodiments, portions of the baked refining metallurgical production system input and output of measurement information using the intermediate transport material of the present invention will be described in detail described.

[0018] 在长度为450m,宽度25m的高温高粉尘冶金烙炼生产车间内实施时,共部署5台数据中继站,每台间隔距离70m。 [0018] In a length of 450m, a width of 25m high temperature bake refining metallurgical dust production workshop embodiment, a total of five data of the relay station deployment, each spaced a distance 70m. 为实现对多客户端的自动跟踪和数据信息交互,选择0. 5W 低功率高增益防尘防水360°全域阵列天线型数据中继站。 To achieve data information exchange and automatic tracking of multiple clients choose 0. 5W low power, high gain dustproof and waterproof full 360 ° domain data type array antenna relay station. 数据中继站沿厂房长度方向均匀固定在生产车间的房顶处。 Plant data relay station in the longitudinal direction at a uniform fixed to the roof of the production plant.

[0019] 移动物料计量主机安装在行车上,用于行车称重数据的大屏现场显示,并提供2 路串口通讯接口。 [0019] Mobile host material measurement line installation car weighing data for driving large-screen display field, and provides two-way serial communication interface. 本发明中计量主机分别连接2个数据采集终端模块,输入数据采用串口RS232协议,传输数据校验和波特率与计量主机保持一致。 The present invention, respectively connected to two main metering data collection terminal module, the input data using serial RS232 protocol, baud rate and data transfer with checksum host consistent metering. 两路输出均采用TCP/IP无线透明传输协议,但两者数据运行在不同的通讯链路信道和化an子网中。 Both outputs using TCP / IP transparent wireless transmission protocol, but both data communication links running in different channels and of an subnet. 其中一路计量信息经数据中继站、网络交换机上传到数据服务器,另一路计量信息由该通讯子网内的手持移动终端定时主动触发数据服务请求,将计量主机编号、计量数据、操作信息(包括毛重、皮重、 净重、操作时间、物料来源、物料去向等)经手持移动终端、数据中继站、网络交换机同步更新到数据服务器。 The way in which the metering information via the data relay, network switch data uploaded to the server and the other way metering information from the handheld mobile terminal within the communication subnetwork timer active trigger data service request, the measurement host number, measurement data, operational information (including gross weight, tare weight, net weight, operation time, source material, the material whereabouts) via handheld mobile terminal, the relay data, the network switch to the data synchronization update server.

[0020] 手持移动终端用于接收来自网络覆盖区内计量主机发出的称重数据信息及称重主机编号,同时根据移动物料操作状态,对不同物料进行归类。 [0020] The handheld mobile terminal for receiving the weighing data network measurement information sent from the host within the coverage area and weighing host number, while the movement of material in accordance with the operating state, categorize different materials. 手持移动终端部署SQLCE嵌入式数据库,可W通过通讯网络与数据服务器SQL Server数据库视图字段信息进行同步更新。 SQLCE handheld mobile terminals deployed embedded database, W via a communication network and data server SQL Server database view field information synchronized. 计量操作信息在操作完成后存储于手持终端嵌入式数据库中,并与数据服务器中数据库同步更新。 After the measurement operation is complete the operation information stored in the handheld terminal in an embedded database, update and synchronize the data with the database server.

[0021] 无线网络控制器用于对数据中继站、数据采集终端、手持移动终端进行管理监控。 [0021] The radio network controller to relay data, data collection terminals, handheld mobile terminal management control. 监测客户端的信号强度,动态计算每个客户端与数据中继站的通讯距离。 Monitoring the signal strength of the client, dynamic communication distance is calculated for each client with a data relay station. 并根据信号强度变化进行主动漫游切换。 Active roaming and handover in accordance with the signal intensity variation.

[0022] 本实施例中:计量主机选择梅特勒巧利多XK3130,数据采集终端选择USR-WIFI 600系列工业级H防模块,数据中继站选择美国工业级室外型低功耗RUCKUS Zoneflex2741,无线网络控制器选择美国RUCKUS ZoneDirector3000型,手持移动终端选择军工级户外型美国天宝公司的IP68高防护等级Trimble Nomad。 [0022] In this example embodiment: Measurement host METTLER Qiao bullish XK3130, data collection terminal selects USR-WIFI 600 Series anti H industrial module, a data relay station selects U.S. outdoor industrial low-power RUCKUS Zoneflex2741, the radio network controller US RUCKUS ZoneDirector3000 type selection, choose military grade handheld mobile terminal outdoor US Trimble's high degree of protection IP68 Trimble Nomad. 针对本实施例的数据信息传输链路选择及具体实现过程如下: 1. 根据进入数据中继站i\r_的客户端数量灼.,自动调整阵列天线的分布A心f .和天i sS 线阵列方位角; Selection data transmission link and for the specific implementation process of this embodiment is as follows: 1. The access data relay station i \ r_ client burning quantity, automatically adjust the distribution of the array antenna A and heart f day i sS antenna array. azimuth;

Figure CN104537815AD00111

2. 根据无线网络控制器接入网络客户端对应数据中继站的反馈信号强度(f) 和相对距离i,选择客户端需连接的数据中继站: The radio network controller client access network signal strength data corresponding to the feedback relay station (f) and the relative distance i, selected data relay station to be connected to the client:

Figure CN104537815AD00112

且/^,< 0,则对应客户端连接的数据中继站为 And / ^ <0, then the data corresponding to the relay station is connected to the client

Figure CN104537815AD00113

Figure CN104537815AD00114

Figure CN104537815AD00115

Figure CN104537815AD00116

对应数据中继站的调节阵列天线的射频增益为 Adjusting the gain of an array antenna radio relay station to corresponding data

Figure CN104537815AD00121

,且/^ > 9,则对应客户端连接数据中继站为 And / ^> 9, then the corresponding client data connection to the relay station

Figure CN104537815AD00122

对应数据中继站的调节阵列天线的射频增益为 Adjusting the gain of an array antenna radio relay station to corresponding data

Figure CN104537815AD00123

of&gr对应客户端连接数据中继站不发生变化,阵列天线的射频增益为 of & gr client connection data corresponding to the relay station is not changed, the gain of the array antenna for a radio frequency

Figure CN104537815AD00124

[0023] 3.选择兀余传输链路根据手持移动终端、数据采集终端模块所属子网及其对应的网关地址将计量数据信息划分到不同化an子网; 4. 一路计量数据经数据采集终端发送至手持移动终端,手持移动终端对来自数据采集终端的计量信息进行分类归档,包括计量时间、毛重、皮重、净重、物料来源和去向选择, 操作完成后确认暂存至手持移动终端内S化CE嵌入式数据库,同时启动数据更新模式将当前操作信息同步到远程数据服务器; 5. 另一路计量数据经数据采集终端直接由数据中继站设定的化an子网通道传输至远程数据服务器。 [0023] 3. Select the transmission link according to Wu I handheld mobile terminals, data collection terminal block corresponding to the subnet and gateway address information is divided into different metering data of an subnet; 4. way metering data through the data collection terminal transmitted to the handheld mobile terminal, a handheld mobile terminal on the measurement information from the data collection terminal classifying archived, metering time, gross weight, tare, weight, origin and destination of material selection, to confirm that the handheld mobile terminal temporary operation completion S CE of the embedded database, update mode and start data current synchronized operation information to a remote data server; 5. another way of setting the metering data directly from the data collection terminal via a relay station of the data transmitted over an subnet to a remote data server.

[0024] 6.结束,等待执行下一次操作。 [0024] 6. The end, wait for the next operation performed.

[00巧]W高温、高粉尘、复杂钢结构条件下冶金烙炼生产系统厂房内分布式移动物料计量信息传输方法和传统集中式无线电台模式从射频功率大小、数据误码率方面进行对比, 其中横坐标为传输距离,纵坐标为射频功率和误码率。 [00 Qiao] W is at a high temperature, high dust, metallurgical condition baked steel refining complex moving material metering information transmission method and the conventional centralized wireless station from the radio frequency power comparison pattern size, bit error rates within a distributed data system production plant, wherein the abscissa is the distance of transmission, the RF power and the ordinate is the bit error rate. 如表1和图4所知,将本发明依据生产实际测算数据与电台式移动物料计量系统的数据进行绘图表示,横坐标为传输距离,纵坐标为采用本发明测得的数据中继站最大射频功率和对应误码率。 As known in Table 1 and FIG. 4, the present invention is based on actual measurement data and production data mobile radio plotted material metering system, said transmission distance as the abscissa, ordinate data of the present invention employing a relay station measured maximum RF power and a corresponding error rate. 可W看出,本发明中分布式兀余传输的主要指标如下: W can be seen, the main indicators Wu distributed over the transmission of the present invention are as follows:

Figure CN104537815AD00125

Figure CN104537815AD00126

Figure CN104537815AD00127

Figure CN104537815AD00128

1) 该发明可w有效克服在复杂工业生产环境中传输距离所导致的误码率过大,数据丢包问题,做到数据传输稳定可靠; 2) 该发明可W解决长距离传输条件下射频功率急剧增大所导致的一系列问题,分布式数据中继站射频功率调整始终在《电磁福射防护标准》GB8702-88可控范围内,达到生产与安全两者兼顾; 3) 系统开放,可扩展及系统兼容性高,数据通讯协议完全开放,构思巧妙、简单易实施。 1) This invention can overcome w in complex industrial environments resulting from the transmission error rate is too large, the problem of data loss, so that stable and reliable data transmission; 2) of the invention can solve W long distance radio transmission conditions power rapidly increases resulting from a series of problems, distributed data relay is always in the RF power adjustment "Four electromagnetic emission protection standards" GB8702-88 controllable range, to achieve both production and safety into account; 3) system is open, scalable and high compatibility systems, protocols for data communication completely open, ingenious, simple and easy to implement.

[0026] 表1 [0026] TABLE 1

Figure CN104537815AD00131

Figure CN104537815AD00132

Claims (4)

  1. 1. 一种移动物料计量信息传输方法,其特征在于,所述方法是在每个物料计量点设置2个终端采集模块,终端采集模块采集到的计量信息经数据中继站和网络交换机自动传输到数据服务器进行显示和存储,同时,另一终端采集模块将采集的相同计量信息由数据中继站主动转发到信号覆盖区内的手持移动终端,由手持移动终端对计量信息数据(计量时间、称重编号、毛重、皮重、净重、来源地、目的地、操作人员)进行分类归档后,再经数据中继站和网络交换机传输到数据服务器;两路数据信息采用划分通讯子网和逻辑通讯链路两种方式进行隔离,通过各自对应的信息管道进行冗余传输。 A mobile material measurement information transmission method, wherein the method is provided with two terminals of each module in the material measurement point, terminal acquisition module metering information to the relay station via the data network and data transmitted to the automatic switch display and storage server, while the other end of the collection module to collect metering information forwarded by the same data to the relay station coverage area active handheld mobile terminal, a handheld mobile data terminal information (metering time metering, weighing numbers, after the gross weight, tare, weight, origin, destination, operators) are classified archiving, then the relay station via the data transmission network switch and to the data server; two-way data communication using the sub-divided in two ways and logical communication link isolation, redundant information transmitted over the respective corresponding pipe.
  2. 2. 根据权利要求1所述的信息传输方法,其特征在于,所述数据中继站自动跟踪覆盖区域内的手持移动终端位置和信号探测强度,并根据位置和信号强度调整部分阵列天线的方位角和增益强度,实现通讯链路最佳化。 The information transmission method according to claim 1, characterized in that the handheld mobile terminal location and the signal detection intensity data automatically track relay station coverage area, and in accordance with the position and azimuth of the array antenna signal strength adjusting section and gain strength, to achieve communication link optimization.
  3. 3. 根据权利要求1所述的信息传输方法,其特征在于,所述移动手持终端对物料计量数据进行的分类归档操作信息存储在移动手持终端嵌入式数据库中,同时同步更新上位机计量数据。 The information transmission method according to claim 1, wherein the mobile information storage archiving classification to the handheld terminal material measurement data in the embedded database of mobile handset, while the PC metering data synchronization update.
  4. 4. 根据权利要求2所述的信息传输方法,其特征在于,依据覆盖区内每个数据中继站分布的终端数量,主动漫游阈值0,选择数据传输路径;根据数据传输路径J?_,调整阵列天线方位、数量p和射频发射功率;实时更新系统状态,根I i· ί 据终端在覆盖区的空间位置状况、障碍物分布、各数据中继站接收到的终端射频信号强度调整参数信息,重新规划数据传输路径;各参数计算公式和含义如下: The information transmission method according to claim 2, characterized in that, depending on the number of data terminals within the coverage area of ​​each relay station distribution, active roaming thresholds 0, select the data transmission path; J _ according to the data transmission path, to adjust the array? antenna azimuth, the number p and RF transmit power; updated in real time system status, root I i · ί data terminal position in space conditions coverage area, distribution of obstacles, each of the data relay station receives the terminal RF signal level adjustment parameter information, replanning a data transmission path; calculated parameters defined as follows:
    Figure CN104537815AC00021
    Figure CN104537815AC00031
    是发射射频信号强度类型; #是数据中继站数量; 是第/个数据中继站接入的授权终端数量; w是覆盖区域内的接入授权移动终端数量; I:是数据中继站接收到的移动终端信号强度类型等级,是=_1,数据中继站接收信号强度低,惫=〇,数据中继站接收信号强度一般,灸=+1,数据中继站接收信号强度商; /τ是数据中继站信号强度等级下限值,若覆盖网络内存在较强信号,则主动进行切换; JV是数据中继站信号强度信号上限值,高于该值时,移动终端不进行中继站漫游; 0是数据中继站对移动终端进行管理的阈值; Jicl是当前移动终端对应所有数据中继站射频信号强度最大值; 是当前移动终端对应的每个数据中继站射频信号强度; 是数据中继站接收到的移动终端射频信号强度值; Jrj^e 是数据中继站接收到的第f个移动终端的射频信号强度值; 是数据中继站 A transmitting radio frequency signals strength type; # is the number of data relay station; first / the number of authorized terminals data relay access; W is covering the access in the region of the authorization number of mobile terminals; I: a mobile terminal received signal data relay station strength type level, a = _1, low data relay station receives signal strength, exhausted = square, a data relay station receives signal strength general, moxibustion = + 1, the data relay station receives signal strength provider; / τ is a data relay station signal strength level value, If the overlay network exists in stronger signals, the active switch; JV is the upper limit value of a data relay station signal strength, above which the mobile terminal does not perform a relay station roams; 0 is a data relay station to the mobile terminal a threshold value management; Jicl current mobile terminal corresponding to the maximum of all the data relay a radio frequency signal strength; current mobile terminal corresponding to each data relay a radio frequency signal strength; a mobile terminal a radio frequency received signal strength value data relay; Jrj ^ e is a data relay station receives the f the first radio frequency signal strength value of the mobile terminal; data relay 阵列天线对应第|•个移动终端的调整方向角,单位为弧度; g是•个移动终端应分配的天线数量; C'是中继站阵列天线总数量; Z是移动终端距中继站的直线距离,单位为m ; Λ是移动终端距中继站的水平直线距离,单位为m ; V是无线电波传输速度,为3纖瞧議麗; /是中继站无线信号到对应移动终端所用时间,单位为s ; 是中继站单根天线的最大射频功率,单位是dB。 An array antenna of | adjustment direction • mobile terminals angle, in radians; G is the number of antennas • mobile terminals to be assigned; C 'is the total number of relay stations array antennas; Z is a straight line from the mobile terminal from the relay station, the unit is m; Λ is a mobile terminal from horizontal relay linear distance, in units of m; V is the radio wave transmission speed for 3 fiber look meeting Li; / relay station radio signal to the corresponding mobile terminal with time in S; relay station the maximum single antenna RF power, in units of dB. IXldA IXldA
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