CN104482687A - Special air conditioning system of gravity type heat pipe compound evaporative condenser for data center - Google Patents

Special air conditioning system of gravity type heat pipe compound evaporative condenser for data center Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104482687A
CN104482687A CN201410548875.5A CN201410548875A CN104482687A CN 104482687 A CN104482687 A CN 104482687A CN 201410548875 A CN201410548875 A CN 201410548875A CN 104482687 A CN104482687 A CN 104482687A
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China
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air
data center
water
type heat
gravity type
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CN201410548875.5A
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Inventor
黄翔
折建利
宋姣姣
韩正林
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Xian Polytechnic University
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Xian Polytechnic University
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Priority to CN201410548875.5A priority Critical patent/CN104482687A/en
Publication of CN104482687A publication Critical patent/CN104482687A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B25/00Machines, plants or systems, using a combination of modes of operation covered by two or more of the groups F25B1/00 - F25B23/00

Abstract

The invention discloses a special air conditioning system of a gravity type heat pipe compound evaporative condenser for a data center. The special air conditioning system comprises a two-stage evaporative cooling and mechanical refrigeration combined air conditioning system and a gravity type heat pipe heat exchanger; the two-stage evaporative cooling and mechanical refrigeration combined air conditioning system is formed by a two-stage evaporative cooling and mechanical refrigeration combined air conditioning unit and an evaporative condenser through connection; the two-stage evaporative cooling and mechanical refrigeration combined air conditioning unit is connected with an air supply outlet through an air supply pipe, wherein the air supply outlet is formed in an overhead floor located in a large environment of the data center; the two-stage evaporative cooling and mechanical refrigeration combined air conditioning unit is connected with an air exhaust pipe through an air return pipe, wherein the air exhaust pipe is arranged in a data center ceiling; the data center ceiling is provided with an air return window which is connected with the air exhaust pipe through an air pipe; the gravity type heat pipe heat exchanger is arranged in a cabinet of a small environment of a data center machine. According to the special air conditioning system of the gravity type heat pipe compound evaporative condenser for the data center, the different temperature and humidity requirements of the large and small environment of a machine room can be met and the refrigeration effect can be improved and meanwhile the energy can be saved.

Description

The air-conditioning system of data center's special gravity type heat pipe composite evaporation formula condenser
Technical field
The invention belongs to operation of air conditioning systems technical field, be specifically related to the air-conditioning system of a kind of data center special gravity type heat pipe composite evaporation formula condenser.
Background technology
Along with China is informationalized deep and fast-developing, increasing user needs a large amount of data processings and information exchange, and therefore increasing enterprise starts the construction of data center.Because increasing communication apparatus puts into operation, the live load of data center is constantly increased.Maintain the guarantee that the humiture be applicable to is communication apparatus steady operation in data center, therefore data center's cooling problem is more and more important.According to statistics, the power consumption of data center's air-conditioning system accounts for 40% of whole data center, and traditional precision air conditioner can not meet power conservation requirement far away.
Large for equipment concentrated area sensible heat amount in data center, latent heat amount is little, form machine subenvironment, and all the other regions form the feature of data center's overall situation, adopt the air-conditioning system of gravity type heat pipe composite evaporation formula condenser can not only meet the different humiture requirement of the large and small environment of data center, energy consumption can also be reduced while raising refrigeration.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide the air-conditioning system of a kind of data center special gravity type heat pipe composite evaporation formula condenser, the humiture requirement that the large and small environment of data center is different can not only be met, energy consumption can also be reduced while raising refrigeration.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is, the air-conditioning system of data center's special gravity type heat pipe composite evaporation formula condenser, includes double flash evaporation cooling-mechanical refrigeration combined air conditioning system and gravity type heat pipe heat exchanger; Double flash evaporation cooling-mechanical refrigeration combined air conditioning system combines air-conditioner set by the double flash evaporation cooling-mechanical refrigeration be arranged in data center and the evaporative condenser be arranged at outside data center connects to form; Double flash evaporation cooling-mechanical refrigeration associating air-conditioner set is connected with multiple air outlets that raised flooring in data center overall situation is arranged by ajutage, double flash evaporation cooling-mechanical refrigeration associating air-conditioner set is connected with the exhaust duct arranged in data center ceiling by backwind tube, data center's ceiling is provided with multiple return wind transom, and multiple return wind transom is connected with exhaust duct respectively by airduct; Gravity type heat pipe heat exchanger is arranged in the rack of data center's machine subenvironment.
Feature of the present invention is:
The air-conditioner set of double flash evaporation cooling-mechanical refrigeration associating wherein, include machine unit shell, the two side that machine unit shell is relative is respectively arranged with fresh wind port, air outlet, enters rear flow direction by new wind in machine unit shell and be disposed with filter, forced blower fan, indirect evaporation cooler, evaporimeter and compressor and direct evaporative cooler; Air outlet is connected with ajutage; Machine unit shell roof corresponding above forced blower fan is provided with return air inlet, and return air inlet is connected with backwind tube, and backwind tube is provided with air-valve; The machine unit shell roof that indirect evaporation cooler top is corresponding is provided with exhaust outlet a.
Filter adopts low efficient filter, medium effeciency filter, high-medium efficient filter, inferior high efficiency filter or high efficiency particulate air filter; Forced blower fan adopts axial flow blower or centrifugal wind; The external frequency converter of forced blower fan.
Indirect evaporation cooler wherein, include heat exchange unit, the top of heat exchange unit is disposed with water-locator b and water fender b, and the below of heat exchange unit is provided with water tank b, water tank b is connected with water-locator b by the first feed pipe, the first feed pipe is provided with water circulating pump b; Direct evaporative cooler, include direct evaporative cooler filler and water fender a, the top of direct evaporative cooler filler is provided with water-locator a, the below of direct evaporative cooler filler and water fender a is provided with water tank a, water tank a is connected with water-locator a by the second feed pipe, the second feed pipe is provided with water circulating pump a.
Direct evaporative cooler filler and water fender a adopt organic filler, inorganic filler, Natural plant fiber filler or metal packing; Water filter is provided with in water tank b and water tank a.
The water outlet of evaporimeter is provided with expansion valve, and compressor is connected with evaporative condenser, and evaporimeter, compressor, evaporative condenser and expansion valve connect and compose closed-loop path successively, composition mechanical refrigeration system.
Evaporative condenser, includes condenser shell, and condenser shell sidewall is provided with air inlet, the roof of condenser shell is provided with exhaust outlet b, is provided with blower fan, is provided with cooling device in condenser shell in exhaust outlet b; Cooling device, include evaporative condenser filler, the top of evaporative condenser filler is disposed with water-locator c and water fender c, the below of evaporative condenser filler is disposed with condenser coil and water tank c, the water inlet end of condenser coil is connected with the delivery port of evaporimeter by the first water pipe, the water side of condenser coil is connected with compressor by the second water pipe, and water tank c is connected with water-locator c by the 3rd feed pipe, and the 3rd feed pipe is provided with water circulating pump c.
Evaporative condenser filler adopts organic filler, inorganic filler, Natural plant fiber filler or metal packing; Water filter is provided with in water tank c.
The bottom of gravity type heat pipe heat exchanger is affixed with top spacer door through enclosure top division plate door, gravity type heat pipe heat exchanger by many be parallel to each other, the gravity type heat pipe vertically placed forms.
Gravity type heat pipe, includes shell, and the lower end of shell is provided with end cap, and the middle part of shell outer wall is provided with dividing plate; Be filled with working solution in shell, the hypomere in shell is evaporator section, and the epimere in shell is condensation segment; The evaporator section of gravity type heat pipe is all placed in rack.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
(1) air-conditioning system employing gravity type heat pipe heat transfer technology of the present invention and evaporating type condensing technology, achieves heat pipe pattern and refrigeration mode combines; Meanwhile, evaporative cooling is integrated with mechanical refrigeration, utilize natural cooling source and compressor cycle cooling, reach energy-conservation object further.
(2) air-conditioning system of the present invention can realize the all-year-around cooling of data center, spring and autumn conditioning in Transition Season and winter time, with evaporative cooling mode operation; When summer, outdoor temperature was higher, run with mechanical refrigeration and evaporative cooling united mode; Meet data center's humiture demand.
(3) gravity type heat pipe heat exchanger is placed in enclosure top by air-conditioning system of the present invention, gravity type heat pipe heat exchanger is as cabinet air conditioner, evaporator section in the gravity type heat pipe heat absorbed in rack is delivered to the condensation segment outside rack, stabilizes the temperature in rack; Meanwhile, this cabinet air conditioner is consistent with data center draft type, optimizes the air current composition of data center further.
(4) draft type served back under air-conditioning system employing of the present invention, raised flooring is provided with in data center, under cold air directly enters raised flooring, then floor air supply register is passed through, cold air is sent in data center equably, improve air-conditioner efficiency, save pipeline fee use, and make indoor arrangement more attractive in appearance.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of air-conditioning system of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of double flash evaporation cooling-mechanical refrigeration combined air conditioning system in air-conditioning system of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the external structure schematic diagram of gravity type heat pipe in air-conditioning system of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the internal structure schematic diagram of gravity type heat pipe in air-conditioning system of the present invention.
In figure, 1. double flash evaporation cooling-mechanical refrigeration associating air-conditioner set, 2. evaporative condenser, 3. gravity type heat pipe heat exchanger, 4. air outlet, 5. rack, 6. return wind transom, 7. exhaust duct, 8. data center, 9. raised flooring, 10. data center's ceiling, 11. ajutages, 12. backwind tubes, 13. first water pipes, 14. second water pipes;
1-1. filter, the forced blower fan of 1-2., 1-3. water tank b, 1-4. heat exchange unit, 1-5. water circulating pump b, 1-6. compressor, 1-7. water circulating pump a, 1-8. direct evaporative cooler filler, 1-9. water tank a, 1-10. return air inlet, 1-11. air outlet, 1-12. water fender a, 1-13. water-locator a, 1-14. evaporimeter, 1-15. expansion valve, 1-16. water-locator b, 1-17. exhaust outlet a, 1-18. water fender b, 1-19. fresh wind port;
2-1. water circulating pump c, 2-2. condenser coil, 2-3. evaporative condenser filler, 2-4. water-locator c, 2-5. water fender c, 2-6. exhaust outlet b, 2-7. water tank c;
3-1. end cap, 3-2. shell, 3-3. condensation segment, 3-4. working solution, 3-5. evaporator section, 3-6. dividing plate.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is described in detail.
The air-conditioning system of data center of the present invention special gravity type heat pipe composite evaporation formula condenser, its structure as shown in Figure 1, includes double flash evaporation cooling-mechanical refrigeration combined air conditioning system and gravity type heat pipe heat exchanger 3; Double flash evaporation cooling-mechanical refrigeration combined air conditioning system combines air-conditioner set 1 by the double flash evaporation cooling-mechanical refrigeration be arranged in data center and the evaporative condenser 2 be arranged at outside data center connects to form; Double flash evaporation cooling-mechanical refrigeration associating air-conditioner set 1 is connected with multiple air outlets 4 that raised flooring 9 in data center overall situation is arranged by ajutage 11, double flash evaporation cooling-mechanical refrigeration associating air-conditioner set 1 is connected with the interior exhaust duct 7 arranged of data center ceiling 10 by backwind tube 12, data center's ceiling 10 is provided with multiple return wind transom 6, multiple return wind transom 6 is connected with exhaust duct 7 respectively by airduct; Gravity type heat pipe heat exchanger 3 is arranged in the rack 5 of data center's machine subenvironment.
The air-conditioner set 1 of double flash evaporation cooling-mechanical refrigeration associating, its structure as shown in Figure 2, include machine unit shell, the two side that machine unit shell is relative is respectively arranged with fresh wind port 1-19, air outlet 1-11, enter rear flow direction by new wind in machine unit shell and be disposed with filter 1-1, forced blower fan 1-2, indirect evaporation cooler, evaporimeter 1-14 in mechanical refrigeration system and compressor 1-6, direct evaporative cooler, air outlet 1-11 is connected with ajutage 11, machine unit shell roof corresponding above forced blower fan 1-2 is provided with return air inlet 1-10, return air inlet 1-10 is connected with backwind tube 12, backwind tube 12 is provided with air-valve, the machine unit shell roof that indirect evaporation cooler top is corresponding is provided with exhaust outlet a1-17.
What filter 1-1 adopted is low efficient filter, medium effeciency filter, high-medium efficient filter, inferior high efficiency filter or high efficiency particulate air filter.
What forced blower fan 1-2 adopted is axial flow blower or centrifugal blower, and forced blower fan 1-2 can external frequency converter.
Indirect evaporation cooler, its structure as shown in Figure 2, include heat exchange unit 1-4, the top of heat exchange unit 1-4 is disposed with water-locator b1-16 and water fender b1-18, the below of heat exchange unit 1-4 is provided with water tank b1-3, be provided with water filter in water tank b1-3, water tank b1-3 is connected with water-locator b1-16 by the first feed pipe, the first feed pipe is provided with water circulating pump b1-5.
Direct evaporative cooler, include the direct evaporative cooler filler 1-8 and water fender a1-12 that set gradually by air-flow direction, the top of direct evaporative cooler filler 1-8 is provided with water-locator a1-13, the below of direct evaporative cooler filler 1-8 and water fender a1-12 is provided with water tank a1-9, water filter is provided with in water tank a1-9, water tank a1-9 is connected with water-locator a1-13 by the second feed pipe, the second feed pipe is provided with water circulating pump a1-7.
What direct evaporative cooler filler 1-8 adopted is organic filler, inorganic filler, Natural plant fiber filler or metal packing.Water fender a1-12 is identical with the material of direct evaporative cooler filler 1-8, employing be organic filler, inorganic filler, Natural plant fiber filler or metal packing.
Water-locator b1-16 is identical with water-locator a1-13 structure, forms by shower and the multiple nozzles be evenly arranged on shower.
The water outlet of evaporimeter 1-14 is provided with expansion valve 1-15, and evaporimeter 1-14 connects and composes closed-loop path with compressor 1-6, evaporative condenser 2 and expansion valve 1-15 successively, composition mechanical refrigeration system.
Evaporative condenser 2, its structure as shown in Figure 2, includes condenser shell, condenser shell sidewall is provided with air inlet, the roof of condenser shell is provided with exhaust outlet b2-6, is provided with blower fan in exhaust outlet b2-6, in condenser shell, is provided with cooling device, cooling device, include evaporative condenser filler 2-3, the top of evaporative condenser filler 2-3 is disposed with water-locator c2-4 and water fender c2-5, the below of evaporative condenser filler 2-3 is disposed with condenser coil 2-2 and water tank c2-7, the water inlet end of condenser coil 2-2 is connected with the delivery port of evaporimeter 1-14 by the first water pipe 13, the water side of condenser coil 2-2 is connected with compressor 1-6 by the second water pipe 14, water filter is provided with in water tank c2-7, water tank c2-7 is connected with water-locator c2-4 by the 3rd feed pipe, 3rd feed pipe is provided with water circulating pump c2-1.
What evaporative condenser filler 2-3 adopted is organic filler, inorganic filler, Natural plant fiber filler or metal packing.
Gravity type heat pipe heat exchanger 3 by many be parallel to each other, the gravity type heat pipe vertically placed forms; Gravity type heat pipe, as shown in Figure 3, include shell 3-2, the lower end of shell 3-2 is provided with end cap 3-1, and the middle part of shell 3-2 outer wall is provided with dividing plate 3-6, as shown in Figure 4, the working solution 3-4 liquid of carburation by evaporation (after heated can) is filled with in shell 3-2, hypomere in shell 3-2 is evaporator section 3-5, and the epimere in shell 3-2 is condensation segment 3-3, and dividing plate 36 is for supporting shell 3-2 and differentiating evaporator section 3-5 and condensation segment 3-3 from shell 3-2 outside.
The bottom of gravity type heat pipe heat exchanger 3 is affixed through rack 5 top spacer Men Bingyu top spacer door, and in gravity type heat pipe heat exchanger 3, the evaporator section 3-5 of all gravity type heat pipes is placed in rack 5.
The operation principle of gravity type heat pipe heat exchanger 3 is as follows:
Gravity type heat pipe heat exchanger 3 is through rack 5 top spacer door, can as cabinet air conditioner, the evaporator section 3-5 of all gravity type heat pipes is all placed in rack 5, and the evaporator section 3-5 of every root gravity type heat pipe must be positioned at the bottom of condensation segment 3-3, and relies on dividing plate 3-6 to support.As shown in Figure 4, evaporator section 3-5 makes working solution 3-4 carburation by evaporation after absorbing the heat of rack 5, and rise and be delivered to the condensation segment 3-3 being placed in rack 5 outside, the heat be so just beneficial in machine subenvironment can be dispersed into around in overall situation timely, stabilizes the temperature in rack 5.
The course of work of the air-conditioning system of data center of the present invention special gravity type heat pipe composite evaporation formula condenser is as follows:
Data center's all-year-around cooling runs, and is divided into data center's overall situation for cold-peace data center subenvironment cooling.
(1) data center's overall situation cooling:
When summer temp is higher, adopt the processing mode of opening indirect evaporation cooler, mechanical refrigeration system, direct evaporative cooler;
In excessive season, adopt the processing mode of opening indirect evaporation cooler and direct evaporative cooler;
In the winter time, then the processing mode of opening direct evaporative cooler is adopted.
Wherein, the primary air of indirect evaporation cooler is the mixing of new return air or full return air in summer; Transition season is all-fresh air; Winter is the mixing of new return air.Sent in data center by ajutage 11.
Gravity type heat pipe heat exchanger 3 and evaporative condenser 2 be data center of the present invention special gravity type heat pipe composite evaporation formula condenser air-conditioning system in two large core components.
(2) machine subenvironment cooling:
Whole year operation, working solution 3-4 in gravity type heat pipe heat exchanger 3 evaporates after absorbing heat, the steam that evaporation produces can constantly flow to condensation segment 3-3, steam is released heat at condensation segment 3-3 and is become liquid, evaporator section 3-5 is flowed back to again under the effect of gravity type heat pipe gravity, and again evaporate, so go round and begin again constantly circulation.
The air-conditioning system of data center of the present invention special gravity type heat pipe composite evaporation formula condenser, its water system course of work is as follows:
In indirect evaporation cooler, recirculated water in water tank b1-3 delivers to water-locator b1-16 by water circulating pump b1-5, spray the wet channel flowed vertically to indirect evaporation cooler by the nozzle in water-locator b1-16, finally get back in water tank b1-3, so constantly circulation.
In direct evaporative cooler, the recirculated water in water tank a1-9 delivers to water-locator a1-13 by water circulating pump a1-7, sprays the top to direct evaporative cooler filler 1-8, finally get back in water tank a1-9 by water-locator a1-13, so constantly circulation.
In evaporative condenser 2, the recirculated water in water tank c2-7 delivers to water-locator c2-4 by water circulating pump c2-1, sprays the top to evaporative condenser filler 2-3, finally get back in water tank c2-7 by the nozzle in water-locator c2-4, so constantly circulation.
The air-conditioning system of data center of the present invention special gravity type heat pipe composite evaporation formula condenser, its mechanical refrigeration system inner refrigerant cyclic process is as follows:
The condenser coil 2-2 of overheated higher pressure refrigerant gas in evaporative condenser 2 that in mechanical refrigeration system, compressor 1-6 discharges, make the spray water and air outside the cold-producing medium of high-temperature gas and condenser coil 2-2 carry out heat exchange, namely gaseous refrigerant by suitable for reading enter condenser coil 2-2 after be condensed into the liquid refrigerant of high pressure from top to bottom gradually; The liquid refrigerant of high pressure enters evaporimeter 1-14 after expansion valve 1-15 reducing pressure by regulating flow, liquid refrigerant absorbs atmospheric heat and evaporates the refrigerant gas becoming low-temp low-pressure, this refrigerant gas is again sucked by compressor 1-6 and compresses afterwards, cold-producing medium so constantly carries out compressing, condensation, throttling, evaporation circulation.
In the air-conditioning system of data center of the present invention special gravity type heat pipe composite evaporation formula condenser, adopt the air-conditioner set 1 of double flash evaporation cooling and mechanical refrigeration associating, evaporative condenser 2 and gravity type heat pipe heat exchanger 3, the draft type below served back is ventilate in data center.Wherein, the air-conditioner set 1 of double flash evaporation cooling and mechanical refrigeration associating is combined with evaporative condenser 2, the condensation effect of evaporative condenser 2 is good, energy-conservation, water saving, initial cost and operating cost reduce relative to water-cooled and air cooled condenser, can reach good cooling-down effect while energy-conservation; The advantage of gravity type heat pipe heat exchanger 3 is the large heat-transfer capability under the little temperature difference, and is hollow pipe, does not need external impetus, relies on gravity reflux, stabilizes the temperature of rack 5, also optimizes the air current composition of machine room simultaneously.

Claims (10)

1. the air-conditioning system of data center's special gravity type heat pipe composite evaporation formula condenser, is characterized in that, includes double flash evaporation cooling-mechanical refrigeration combined air conditioning system and gravity type heat pipe heat exchanger (3);
Described double flash evaporation cooling-mechanical refrigeration combined air conditioning system combines air-conditioner set (1) by the double flash evaporation cooling-mechanical refrigeration be arranged in data center and the evaporative condenser (2) be arranged at outside data center connects to form;
Described double flash evaporation cooling-mechanical refrigeration associating air-conditioner set (1) is gone up with raised flooring (9) in data center overall situation the multiple air outlets (4) arranged by ajutage (11) and is connected, described double flash evaporation cooling-mechanical refrigeration associating air-conditioner set (1) is connected with the exhaust duct (7) arranged in data center's ceiling (10) by backwind tube (12), data center's ceiling (10) is provided with multiple return wind transom (6), multiple return wind transom (6) is connected with exhaust duct (7) respectively by airduct;
Described gravity type heat pipe heat exchanger (3) is arranged in the rack (5) of data center's machine subenvironment.
2. the air-conditioning system of data center according to claim 1 special gravity type heat pipe composite evaporation formula condenser, it is characterized in that, the air-conditioner set (1) of described double flash evaporation cooling-mechanical refrigeration associating, include machine unit shell, the two side that described machine unit shell is relative is respectively arranged with fresh wind port (1-19), air outlet (1-11), enter rear flow direction by new wind in described machine unit shell and be disposed with filter (1-1), forced blower fan (1-2), indirect evaporation cooler, evaporimeter (1-14) and compressor (1-6) and direct evaporative cooler,
Described air outlet (1-11) is connected with ajutage (11);
The machine unit shell roof that described forced blower fan (1-2) top is corresponding is provided with return air inlet (1-10), described return air inlet (1-10) is connected with backwind tube (12), and (12) are provided with air-valve to described backwind tube;
The machine unit shell roof that described indirect evaporation cooler top is corresponding is provided with exhaust outlet a (1-17).
3. the air-conditioning system of data center according to claim 2 special gravity type heat pipe composite evaporation formula condenser, it is characterized in that, described filter (1-1) adopts low efficient filter, medium effeciency filter, high-medium efficient filter, inferior high efficiency filter or high efficiency particulate air filter;
Described forced blower fan (1-2) adopts axial flow blower or centrifugal wind;
The external frequency converter of described forced blower fan (1-2).
4. the air-conditioning system of data center according to claim 2 special gravity type heat pipe composite evaporation formula condenser, it is characterized in that, described indirect evaporation cooler, include heat exchange unit (1-4), the top of described heat exchange unit (1-4) is disposed with water-locator b (1-16) and water fender b (1-18), the below of described heat exchange unit (1-4) is provided with water tank b (1-3), described water tank b (1-3) is connected with water-locator b (1-16) by the first feed pipe, described first feed pipe is provided with water circulating pump b (1-5),
Described direct evaporative cooler, include direct evaporative cooler filler (1-8) and water fender a (1-12), the top of described direct evaporative cooler filler (1-8) is provided with water-locator a (1-13), the below of described direct evaporative cooler filler (1-8) and water fender a (1-12) is provided with water tank a (1-9), described water tank a (1-9) is connected with water-locator a (1-13) by the second feed pipe, described second feed pipe is provided with water circulating pump a (1-7).
5. the air-conditioning system of data center according to claim 4 special gravity type heat pipe composite evaporation formula condenser, it is characterized in that, described direct evaporative cooler filler (1-8) and water fender a (1-12) adopt organic filler, inorganic filler, Natural plant fiber filler or metal packing; Water filter is provided with in described water tank b (1-3) and water tank a (1-9).
6. the air-conditioning system of data center according to claim 2 special gravity type heat pipe composite evaporation formula condenser, it is characterized in that, the water outlet of described evaporimeter (1-14) is provided with expansion valve (1-15), described compressor (1-6) is connected with evaporative condenser (2), described evaporimeter (1-14), compressor (1-6), evaporative condenser (2) and expansion valve (1-15) connect and compose closed-loop path successively, composition mechanical refrigeration system.
7. the air-conditioning system of the special gravity type heat pipe composite evaporation formula condenser of the data center according to claim 1 or 6, it is characterized in that, described evaporative condenser (2), include condenser shell, described condenser shell sidewall is provided with air inlet, the roof of described condenser shell is provided with exhaust outlet b (2-6), is provided with blower fan in described exhaust outlet b (2-6), in described condenser shell, is provided with cooling device;
Described cooling device, include evaporative condenser filler (2-3), the top of described evaporative condenser filler (2-3) is disposed with water-locator c (2-4) and water fender c (2-5), the below of described evaporative condenser filler (2-3) is disposed with condenser coil (2-2) and water tank c (2-7), the water inlet end of described condenser coil (2-2) is connected with the delivery port of evaporimeter (1-14) by the first water pipe (13), the water side of described condenser coil (2-2) is connected with compressor (1-6) by the second water pipe (14), described water tank c (2-7) is connected with water-locator c (2-4) by the 3rd feed pipe, described 3rd feed pipe is provided with water circulating pump c (2-1).
8. the air-conditioning system of data center according to claim 7 special gravity type heat pipe composite evaporation formula condenser, it is characterized in that, described evaporative condenser filler (2-3) adopts organic filler, inorganic filler, Natural plant fiber filler or metal packing; Water filter is provided with in described water tank c (2-7).
9. the air-conditioning system of data center according to claim 1 special gravity type heat pipe composite evaporation formula condenser, it is characterized in that, the bottom of described gravity type heat pipe heat exchanger (3) is affixed through rack (5) top spacer Men Bingyu top spacer door, gravity type heat pipe heat exchanger (3) by many be parallel to each other, the gravity type heat pipe vertically placed forms.
10. the air-conditioning system of data center according to claim 9 special gravity type heat pipe composite evaporation formula condenser, it is characterized in that, described gravity type heat pipe, include shell (3-2), the lower end of described shell (3-2) is provided with end cap (3-1), and the middle part of described shell (3-2) outer wall is provided with dividing plate (3-6);
Be filled with working solution (3-4) in described shell (3-2), the hypomere in described shell (3-2) is evaporator section (3-5), and the epimere in described shell (3-2) is condensation segment (3-3);
The evaporator section (3-5) of described gravity type heat pipe is all placed in rack (5).
CN201410548875.5A 2014-10-16 2014-10-16 Special air conditioning system of gravity type heat pipe compound evaporative condenser for data center Pending CN104482687A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105135572A (en) * 2015-09-21 2015-12-09 西安工程大学 Heat pipe composite heat recovery type evaporative cooling air-conditioning system for data center
CN105555104A (en) * 2016-02-02 2016-05-04 北京纳源丰科技发展有限公司 Overhead heat pipe module structure for heat removal of machine room

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