CN104481039A - Building outer wall heat insulation layer with surface simulation decoration effect and construction technology of building outer wall heat insulation layer - Google Patents

Building outer wall heat insulation layer with surface simulation decoration effect and construction technology of building outer wall heat insulation layer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104481039A
CN104481039A CN201410791420.6A CN201410791420A CN104481039A CN 104481039 A CN104481039 A CN 104481039A CN 201410791420 A CN201410791420 A CN 201410791420A CN 104481039 A CN104481039 A CN 104481039A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
layer
polymers
cracking mortar
heat insulation
cracking
Prior art date
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Pending
Application number
CN201410791420.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
平玲玲
张付明
张红飞
雷秀清
武常宝
赵云海
赵跃军
王静敏
李亚丽
刘静
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Shanxi No3 Construction Engineering Co
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Shanxi No3 Construction Engineering Co
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Application filed by Shanxi No3 Construction Engineering Co filed Critical Shanxi No3 Construction Engineering Co
Priority to CN201410791420.6A priority Critical patent/CN104481039A/en
Publication of CN104481039A publication Critical patent/CN104481039A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/24Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation
    • Y02A30/244Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation using natural or recycled building materials, e.g. straw, wool, clay or used tires

Abstract

The invention discloses a building outer wall heat insulation layer with a surface simulation decoration effect and a construction technology of the building outer wall heat insulation layer, and solves the problem of easiness in deep cracking of the surface of the heat insulation layer caused by the spraying of decoration material with large prestress at the outer surface of the building outer wall heat insulation layer. The building outer wall heat insulation layer is characterized in that a polymer adhering mortar layer (2) is arranged at the outer surface of a building outer wall (1), a rock wool heat insulation plate (3) is adhered to the polymer adhering mortar layer (2), a galvanized steel wire net (4) is hung at the outer surface of the rock wool heat insulation plate (3), the galvanized steel wire net (4) is filled with a first polymer anti-cracking mortar layer(5), a second polymer anti-cracking mortar layer (7) and an anti-alkaline glass fiber net (6) are arranged at the outer surface of the first polymer anti-cracking mortar layer (5), and a decoration coating layer (8) is arranged at the outer surface of the second polymer anti-cracking mortar layer (7). The building outer wall heat insulation layer is especially suitable for the heat insulation and beautifying of the building outer wall.

Description

Surface has skin insulation layer and the construction technology thereof of simulated decorative effect
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of insulation layer of skin, particularly a kind of insulation layer external surface is coated with the skin insulation layer that large stress imitates stone decorative effect coating.
Background technology
The exterior wall of existing building is generally first do rock wool heat-preservation layer, then cladding marble on the lateral surface of rock wool heat-preservation layer, to reach insulation and effect attractive in appearance.Exterior-wall heat insulation and the decoration process of this form have the features such as construction cost is high, ornament materials is expensive, long construction period.Prior art also has the way adopting warming plate to combine with alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh thin-coat plaster, realize the insulation of exterior wall, then on the external surface formed, spraying and decorating coating realizes beautifying again, this insulation layer and the process that performs of beautifying dope layer adopt conventional heat-insulating layer construction process and simple dope layer spraying coating process, do not consider that the condensation prestressing force of dope layer and the surface of insulation layer carry the problem of the even release between prestressing force, often there is the be full of cracks of decorative layer and insulation layer surface, when particularly spraying the high and imitative stone decorative paint that aesthetic is good of prestressing force on the external surface of heat insulating material, it is larger that condensation prestressing force and the surface of insulation layer material due to these coating carry prestressed gap, in the condensation process of coating, due to prestressing force release uneven insufficient, the insulation layer surface degree of depth can be caused to ftracture, the local of insulation layer or large area is even caused to subside.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides skin insulation layer and construction technology thereof that a kind of surface has simulated decorative effect, solve the technical problem easily causing the insulation layer surface degree of depth to ftracture and subside when outside the building wall insulation layer external surface spraying the large ornament materials of prestressing force.
The present invention solves above technical problem by the following technical programs:
A kind of surface has the skin insulation layer of simulated decorative effect, comprise skin, outside the building face of wall is provided with polymer bonding mortar layer, polymer bonding mortar layer is bonded with rock-wool heat insulation plate, the external surface of rock-wool heat insulation plate is mounted with galvanized steel wire netting, first floor polymers anti-cracking mortar layer is filled with on the net at zinc-coated wire, the external surface of first floor polymers anti-cracking mortar layer is provided with second layer polymers anti-cracking mortar layer, alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh is provided with in second layer polymers anti-cracking mortar layer, the external surface of second layer polymers anti-cracking mortar layer is provided with decorative paint layer.
The thickness of first floor polymers anti-cracking mortar layer is 4-6 millimeter, and the thickness of second layer polymers anti-cracking mortar layer is 3 millimeters.
Surface has a skin heat-insulating layer construction process for simulated decorative effect, comprises the following steps:
The first step, outside the building face of wall smear polymer bonding mortar equably, rock-wool heat insulation plate is bonded on the external surface of skin;
Second step, on the external surface of rock-wool heat insulation plate, mount galvanized steel wire netting, then, first polymers anti-cracking mortar is smeared equably on the net at zinc-coated wire, the thick end of first polymers anti-cracking mortar is made to reach 2-3 millimeter, after first polymers anti-cracking mortar solidifies 2-3 hour, then uniform application second polymers anti-cracking mortar, make the thick end of second polymers anti-cracking mortar reach 2-3 millimeter, form first floor polymers anti-cracking mortar layer, maintenance 24 hours;
3rd step, on the external surface of first floor polymers anti-cracking mortar layer, smear the 3rd road polymers anti-cracking mortar, the thick end of the 3rd road polymers anti-cracking mortar is made to reach 1.5 millimeters, alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh is deployed to equably in the 3rd road polymers anti-cracking mortar, after the 3rd road polymers anti-cracking mortar solidifies 1 hour, smear the 4th road polymers anti-cracking mortar, make the thick end of the 4th road polymers anti-cracking mortar reach 1.5 millimeters, the 3rd road polymers anti-cracking mortar and the 4th road polymers anti-cracking mortar form second layer polymers anti-cracking mortar layer;
4th step, after second layer polymers anti-cracking mortar layer solidifies, spraying and decorating dope layer in its surface.
Present invention employs the heat insulating material of the good and rock-wool heat insulation plate that prestress strength is high of hydrophobicity as external wall, and by the reasonable coordination of polymers anti-cracking mortar and galvanized steel wire netting and alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh, the prestressing force that discharges of high pre-stress coating in condensation process is made to be absorbed equably and to alleviate, avoid the cracking of insulation layer appearance decorative layer and come off, taken into account the insulation of skin and beautified.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in detail:
A kind of surface has the skin insulation layer of simulated decorative effect, comprise skin 1, the external surface of outside the building wall 1 is provided with polymer bonding mortar layer 2, polymer bonding mortar layer 2 is bonded with rock-wool heat insulation plate 3, the external surface of rock-wool heat insulation plate 3 is mounted with galvanized steel wire netting 4, galvanized steel wire netting 4 is filled with first floor polymers anti-cracking mortar layer 5, the external surface of first floor polymers anti-cracking mortar layer 5 is provided with second layer polymers anti-cracking mortar layer 7, alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh 6 is provided with in second layer polymers anti-cracking mortar layer 7, the external surface of second layer polymers anti-cracking mortar layer 7 is provided with decorative paint layer 8.
The thickness of first floor polymers anti-cracking mortar layer 5 is 4-6 millimeter, and the thickness of second layer polymers anti-cracking mortar layer 7 is 3 millimeters.
Surface has a skin heat-insulating layer construction process for simulated decorative effect, comprises the following steps:
The external surface of the first step, outside the building wall 1 smears polymer bonding mortar equably, the inner surface of rock-wool heat insulation plate 3 smears polymer bonding mortar equably, rock-wool heat insulation plate 3 is bonded on the external surface of skin 1;
Second step, on the external surface of rock-wool heat insulation plate 3, mount galvanized steel wire netting 4, then, first polymers anti-cracking mortar smeared equably by galvanized steel wire netting 4, the thick end of first polymers anti-cracking mortar is made to reach 2-3 millimeter, after first polymers anti-cracking mortar solidifies 2-3 hour, then uniform application second polymers anti-cracking mortar, make the thick end of second polymers anti-cracking mortar reach 2-3 millimeter, form first floor polymers anti-cracking mortar layer 5, maintenance 24 hours;
3rd step, on the external surface of first floor polymers anti-cracking mortar layer 5, smear the 3rd road polymers anti-cracking mortar, the thick end of the 3rd road polymers anti-cracking mortar is made to reach 1.5 millimeters, alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh 6 is deployed to equably in the 3rd road polymers anti-cracking mortar, after the 3rd road polymers anti-cracking mortar solidifies 1 hour, smear the 4th road polymers anti-cracking mortar, make the thick end of the 4th road polymers anti-cracking mortar reach 1.5 millimeters, the 3rd road polymers anti-cracking mortar and the 4th road polymers anti-cracking mortar form second layer polymers anti-cracking mortar layer 7;
4th step, after second layer polymers anti-cracking mortar layer 7 solidifies, spraying and decorating dope layer 8 in its surface.
Committed step of the invention process is as follows:
one,bonding installs rock-wool heat insulation plate 3, and the preparation mixer of polymer bonding mortar stirs, and mixing time is about 3 minutes, forbids to add cement during stirring, and the polymer bonding mortar after stirring should use in 4 hours.When rock-wool heat insulation plate 3 is pasted, the moisture content of skin 1 should be as the criterion with dry tack free.The stickup available point bonding of rock-wool heat insulation plate 3 or the construction of bar bonding.During stickup, firmly evenly extruding makes its firm pasting, and cling between the block of rock-wool heat insulation plate 3 and block, excess polymer adhesive mortar is extruded, and should scrape off immediately.The actual bond area of polymer bonding mortar and skin 1 should not be less than 60% of rock cotton board area.After rock-wool heat insulation plate 3 is pasted, should flatten with the guiding ruler of 2 meters in time, ensure verticality and the planeness of rock-wool heat insulation plate 3 and metope.Rock-wool heat insulation plate 3 paving, after 24 hours, is repaired having defect and destruction place polymers anti-cracking plastering mortar;
Two, lay galvanized steel wire netting and crab-bolt is installed, according to the plate seam position of rock-wool heat insulation plate 3 and the materials for wall situation of skin 1, with Churn drill or boring of electric hammer, drilling depth should be greater than anchorage depth 10 millimeters, and effective anchorage depth of crab-bolt is not less than 50 millimeters.The laying of galvanized steel wire netting 4 should flatten, and the galvanized steel wire netting 4 at hollowing place adopts U-shaped card to flatten, it is straight to look for, and keeps Founder and the verticality at negative and positive angle, and all should have overlap joint between two adjacent galvanized steel wire nettings, its lap width should not be less than 100 millimeters;
Three, the wiping one's face of polymers anti-cracking mortar, the float coat of polymers anti-cracking mortar is divided into four roads to carry out, and the thickness of first polymers anti-cracking mortar is 2-3 millimeter.Treat after 1-2 hour that first mortar is slightly dry, evenly smear second polymers anti-cracking mortar, make its thickness reach 2-3 millimeter, ensure that galvanized steel wire netting is completely hidden in screed, surface finish and verticality reach common plastering requirement.3rd road polymers anti-cracking mortar should carry out after 1 day above in the maintenance of twice polymers anti-cracking mortar, depth of plastering is 1.5 millimeter, take advantage of wet pressing and enter one deck alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh 6, after Dai Ci road anti-cracking plastering mortar is slightly dry, after finger touches and is not stained with, the construction of wiping one's face of the 4th road polymers anti-cracking mortar can be carried out, its thickness is 1.5 millimeters, the laying of alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh 6 should floating, look for straight, and keep Founder and the verticality at negative and positive angle, all should have overlap joint between adjacent alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh, its lap width should not be less than 100 millimeters.
Rock-wool heat insulation plate is that through high-temperature fusion fibroblast, add appropriate cementing agent, solidification processing is made, and has good thermal insulation, soundproof effect with basalt and other natural crystal etc. for primary raw material.Construct and install facility, energy-saving effect significantly, coefficient of thermal conductivity is 0.04W/ (m.K), and maximum operation (service) temperature is 80 DEG C, and hydroscopicity is 3.9%.Rock wool heat-preservation plate thin plastering outer heat preservation system is for thermal insulation layer material with hydrophobic type stone(mine)cotton plate, use crab-bolt by itself and galvanized steel wire netting, rock cotton board, two layers of polymers anticracking grout is fixed on base course wall and forms insulation layer, secondly heat-insulation system surface layer is formed by polymers anti-cracking mortar and alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh, polymers anti-cracking mortar can ensure certain pliability to discharge distortional stress, and adopt galvanized steel wire netting and alkali-resisting glass fiber network fiber can change Stress transmit direction, very big raising system stiffness, prevent various distortional stress from concentrating the possibility of generation.Hydrophobic rock wool insulation board has higher resistance to compression, tensile strength, lower water suction and hygroscopicity, and hydrophobic rate is more than 96%.At high temperature can not produce thermal expansion or contraction.There is insulation, heat insulation.Sound insulation, the feature such as ageing-resistant.Can be better compatible with external wall system, the longevity same with building structure.Decorative paint layer 8 of the present invention can be selected: true mineral varnish, F-C paint and facing mortar etc.

Claims (3)

1. a surface has the skin insulation layer of simulated decorative effect, comprise skin (1), it is characterized in that, the external surface of outside the building wall (1) is provided with polymer bonding mortar layer (2), polymer bonding mortar layer (2) is bonded with rock-wool heat insulation plate (3), the external surface of rock-wool heat insulation plate (3) is mounted with galvanized steel wire netting (4), galvanized steel wire netting (4) is filled with first floor polymers anti-cracking mortar layer (5), the external surface of first floor polymers anti-cracking mortar layer (5) is provided with second layer polymers anti-cracking mortar layer (7), alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh (6) is provided with in second layer polymers anti-cracking mortar layer (7), the external surface of second layer polymers anti-cracking mortar layer (7) is provided with decorative paint layer (8).
2. a kind of surface according to claim 1 has the skin insulation layer of simulated decorative effect, it is characterized in that, the thickness of first floor polymers anti-cracking mortar layer (5) is 4-6 millimeter, and the thickness of second layer polymers anti-cracking mortar layer (7) is 3 millimeters.
3. surface has a skin heat-insulating layer construction process for simulated decorative effect, comprises the following steps:
The external surface of the first step, outside the building wall (1) smears polymer bonding mortar equably, rock-wool heat insulation plate (3) is bonded on the external surface of skin (1); Second step, on the external surface of rock-wool heat insulation plate (3), mount galvanized steel wire netting (4), then, first polymers anti-cracking mortar smeared equably by galvanized steel wire netting (4), the thick end of first polymers anti-cracking mortar is made to reach 2-3 millimeter, after first polymers anti-cracking mortar solidifies 2-3 hour, uniform application second polymers anti-cracking mortar again, the thick end of second polymers anti-cracking mortar is made to reach 2-3 millimeter, form first floor polymers anti-cracking mortar layer (5), maintenance 24 hours;
3rd step, on the external surface of first floor polymers anti-cracking mortar layer (5), smear the 3rd road polymers anti-cracking mortar, the thick end of the 3rd road polymers anti-cracking mortar is made to reach 1.5 millimeters, alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh (6) is deployed to equably in the 3rd road polymers anti-cracking mortar, after the 3rd road polymers anti-cracking mortar solidifies 1 hour, smear the 4th road polymers anti-cracking mortar, make the thick end of the 4th road polymers anti-cracking mortar reach 1.5 millimeters, the 3rd road polymers anti-cracking mortar and the 4th road polymers anti-cracking mortar form second layer polymers anti-cracking mortar layer (7);
4th step, after second layer polymers anti-cracking mortar layer (7) solidifies, spraying and decorating dope layer (8) in its surface.
CN201410791420.6A 2014-12-19 2014-12-19 Building outer wall heat insulation layer with surface simulation decoration effect and construction technology of building outer wall heat insulation layer Pending CN104481039A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104963421A (en) * 2015-05-21 2015-10-07 郑州大学 Pre-fabricated external insulation board, thermal-insulating wall formed by assembly thereof and construction method of thermal-insulating wall
CN106760032A (en) * 2016-12-13 2017-05-31 中国建筑材料科学研究总院 Wall body structure and building

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH11117432A (en) * 1997-10-15 1999-04-27 Daicel Chem Ind Ltd External wall heat insulating panel structure and panel material
CN1360120A (en) * 2002-01-24 2002-07-24 黄振利 Composite walling made of rock wool, polystyrene particles and insulating mortar and its construction technology
CN201771063U (en) * 2010-05-27 2011-03-23 杭州久安科技有限公司 External thermal insulation system of inorganic sandwich compound outer wall
CN102733498A (en) * 2012-07-05 2012-10-17 成军 High-rise residential building external thermal insulation system construction method
CN103276831A (en) * 2013-06-28 2013-09-04 安徽中瑞节能装饰材料集团有限公司 Inorganic composite A-class non-combustible insulation board wall thermal insulation system and construction method
CN204401809U (en) * 2014-12-19 2015-06-17 山西省第三建筑工程公司 Surface has the skin insulation layer of simulated decorative effect

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH11117432A (en) * 1997-10-15 1999-04-27 Daicel Chem Ind Ltd External wall heat insulating panel structure and panel material
CN1360120A (en) * 2002-01-24 2002-07-24 黄振利 Composite walling made of rock wool, polystyrene particles and insulating mortar and its construction technology
CN201771063U (en) * 2010-05-27 2011-03-23 杭州久安科技有限公司 External thermal insulation system of inorganic sandwich compound outer wall
CN102733498A (en) * 2012-07-05 2012-10-17 成军 High-rise residential building external thermal insulation system construction method
CN103276831A (en) * 2013-06-28 2013-09-04 安徽中瑞节能装饰材料集团有限公司 Inorganic composite A-class non-combustible insulation board wall thermal insulation system and construction method
CN204401809U (en) * 2014-12-19 2015-06-17 山西省第三建筑工程公司 Surface has the skin insulation layer of simulated decorative effect

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104963421A (en) * 2015-05-21 2015-10-07 郑州大学 Pre-fabricated external insulation board, thermal-insulating wall formed by assembly thereof and construction method of thermal-insulating wall
CN106760032A (en) * 2016-12-13 2017-05-31 中国建筑材料科学研究总院 Wall body structure and building

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Application publication date: 20150401