CN104439367B - The method for drilling of a kind of aircraft ears sheet part and drilling jig gripper - Google Patents

The method for drilling of a kind of aircraft ears sheet part and drilling jig gripper Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104439367B
CN104439367B CN201410680266.5A CN201410680266A CN104439367B CN 104439367 B CN104439367 B CN 104439367B CN 201410680266 A CN201410680266 A CN 201410680266A CN 104439367 B CN104439367 B CN 104439367B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
flat board
locating piece
fixed
auricle
locating
Prior art date
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Application number
CN201410680266.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104439367A (en
Inventor
史利利
赵刚
阎朝晖
满娜
陈灿
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
XI'AN AIRCRAFT BRANCH AVIC AIRCRAFT Corp
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XI'AN AIRCRAFT BRANCH AVIC AIRCRAFT Corp
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Priority to CN201410680266.5A priority Critical patent/CN104439367B/en
Publication of CN104439367A publication Critical patent/CN104439367A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B35/00Methods for boring or drilling, or for working essentially requiring the use of boring or drilling machines; Use of auxiliary equipment in connection with such methods
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B47/00Constructional features of components specially designed for boring or drilling machines; Accessories therefor
    • B23B47/28Drill jigs for workpieces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B2215/00Details of workpieces
    • B23B2215/04Aircraft components
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B2247/00Details of drilling jigs
    • B23B2247/12Drilling jigs with means to affix the jig to the workpiece

Abstract

A kind of method for drilling of aircraft ears sheet part, there is a fixture, this fixture contains flat board pedestal, bushing plate, locating piece, auricle support and Anchor plate kit, the locating surface of locating piece is parallel with the Master Datum Plane of part, auricle supports and is made up of with two the parallel support rings being fixed in support shaft support shaft, these support shaft two ends are separately fixed on flat board pedestal and bushing plate, and by parts fixation on above-mentioned fixture, the Master Datum Plane of part is placed on the locating surface of locating piece.

Description

The method for drilling of a kind of aircraft ears sheet part and drilling jig gripper
Technical field
The present invention relates to the manufacturing technology of airplane parts, a kind of method for drilling solving aircraft ears sheet part high-precision hole and technological equipment.
Background technology
Being clamped in a kind of technological equipment part location, and be installed along with on lathe being processed part, this technological equipment is referred to as fixture.Some part just can meet processing request by the fexible unit (such as scroll chuck, index dial etc.) on lathe;High for required precision, to be difficult to directly position on lathe clamping part needs design specialized jig to meet processing request.
In the part of aircraft, having a lot of ears sheet part, become space angle relation between ears film perforation axle and the datum level of a kind of ears sheet part, the structure of this part and complex-shaped, the required precision of processed hole is high, is difficult to directly position on drilling machine, clamp.This is accomplished by a kind of fixture and has assisted the processing in hole.
Fixture coordinates drilling machine to use, it is ensured that the positional precision between the processed hole of part and positioning datum and processed each hole, makes drill jig borehole jack coaxial with processed axially bored line vertical with Drilling machines bench face.In the course of processing, fixture is fixed, and cutter makees feed motion with drill press spindle along processed axially bored line direction.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide method for drilling and the fixture of a kind of aircraft ears sheet part.The body bottom surface of this ears sheet part is Master Datum Plane, and the side of body is auxiliary datum plane, becomes space angle relation, it is known that the design theory digital-to-analogue of this part between ears film perforation axle and the datum level of part.
The present invention is to adopt the following technical scheme that:
1) there is a fixture, this fixture contains flat board pedestal, bushing plate, locating piece, auricle supports and Anchor plate kit, bushing plate is fixed on flat board pedestal formation cantilever design by a bracer, drill jig hole and screwed hole is had on bushing plate, locating piece is a wedge being fixed on flat board pedestal, the locating surface of locating piece is parallel with the Master Datum Plane of part, locating surface is additionally provided with alignment pin, this alignment pin is corresponding with the auxiliary datum plane of part, described auricle supports and is made up of with two the parallel support rings being fixed in support shaft support shaft, these support shaft two ends are separately fixed on flat board pedestal and bushing plate, on the correct position of flat board pedestal and locating piece, additionally it is additionally provided with the connecting hole of fixation clip assembly;
2) by parts fixation on above-mentioned fixture, the Master Datum Plane of part is placed on the locating surface of locating piece, the auxiliary datum plane of part leans against on the alignment pin of locating piece, part is fixed with the Anchor plate kit on locating piece by being fixed on flat board pedestal, the auricle of part is located exactly at the lower section of bushing plate, drilling position on auricle is coaxial with the drill jig hole on bushing plate, two support rings in auricle support shaft are adjusted its position in support shaft and fix so that it is is just supported on the lower section of auricle;
3), after completing parts fixation, the flat board pedestal of above-mentioned fixture is fixed on the work top of drilling machine and carries out holing.
The beneficial effects of the present invention is, 1) bushing plate is fixed on the pedestal of clamp body, its simple in construction, good rigidly, precision are high;2) wedge locating block by being fixed on clamp body base coordinates the space angle relation between part datum level and auricle, makes part be easy to processing;3) being supported by cantilever-shaped bushing plate by support shaft, auricle is implemented to support by the support ring being also secured in support shaft, during to offset boring, and the power that auricle is born, it is ensured that the machining accuracy of auricle part.
Below in conjunction with embodiment accompanying drawing, the application is described in further detail:
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the signal of aircraft ears sheet design of part
Fig. 2 is drilling jig gripper structural representation
Fig. 3 is the signal of aircraft ears sheet drilling part method
Numbering explanation in figure: 1 part, 2 auricles, 3 auricle holes, 4 Master Datum Planes, 5 auxiliary datum planes, 6 flat board pedestals, 7 support rings, 8 support shafts, 9 bushing plates, 10 drill jig holes, 11 bracers, 12 locating pieces, 13 alignment pins, 14 connecting holes, 15 Anchor plate kits
Detailed description of the invention
See accompanying drawing, embodiment is as a example by the boring of the aircraft ears sheet part shown in Fig. 1, the material of this part is high strength steel, auricle hole 3 to be processed is positioned on the auricle 2 of two, part 1 front end, accuracy class is IT7, the axis in auricle hole is vertical with auricle face, the Master Datum Plane 4 of part and auxiliary datum plane 5 are positioned on the I-steel matrix of part afterbody, and it is all the space angle relation of an on-right angle between the auricle hole 3 of part, cause the bad control of drilling precision of such part, it is known that the design theory digital-to-analogue of this part.
For the processing of this part, the present embodiment concrete scheme is as follows:
nullThere is a fixture,This fixture contains flat board pedestal 6、Bushing plate 9、Locating piece 12、Auricle supports and Anchor plate kit,Bushing plate 9 is fixed on flat board pedestal 6 by a bracer 11,Bushing plate 9 forms cantilever design,Drill jig hole 10 and threaded connection hole is had on bushing plate 9,Locating piece 12 is a wedge being fixed on flat board pedestal,The inclined-plane of wedge is the locating surface of locating piece,This locating surface is parallel with the Master Datum Plane 4 of part 1,Locating surface is additionally provided with alignment pin 13,This alignment pin 13 is corresponding with the auxiliary datum plane 5 of part 1,Described auricle supports and is made up of the support ring 7 that support shaft 8 is parallel with two be fixed in support shaft 8,The two ends of this support shaft 8 are separately fixed on flat board pedestal and bushing plate,On the correct position of flat board pedestal and locating piece, additionally it is additionally provided with the connecting hole 14 of fixation clip assembly.
nullDuring drilling,By part 1 clamping on above-mentioned fixture,The Master Datum Plane 4 of part 1 is placed on the locating surface of locating piece 12,The auxiliary datum plane 5 of part 1 leans against on the alignment pin 13 of locating piece,For holding out against the side of part,Prevent part downslide at locating surface,Part 1 is fixed with the Anchor plate kit 15 on locating piece by being fixed on flat board pedestal,The auricle 2 of part 1 is located exactly at the lower section of bushing plate 9,The position, auricle hole 3 of needs making on part auricle is coaxial with the drill jig hole on bushing plate 9,Two support rings 7 in support shaft 8 are adjusted its position in support shaft and fix,It is made just to be supported on the lower section of auricle 2,So when boring,Make drilling responsive to axial force in this support ring,Part auricle is avoided to deform because bearing drilling axial force,This completes the clamping of part to be processed and drilling jig gripper.
After completing parts fixation, the flat board pedestal of above-mentioned fixture is fixed on the work top of drilling machine, it is ensured that carry out boring under the state that the axially bored line of part is perpendicular with Drilling machines bench face and can complete the high accuracy drilling to such aircraft ears sheet part.

Claims (2)

1. a method for drilling for aircraft ears sheet part, the body bottom surface of this ears sheet part Being Master Datum Plane, the side of body is auxiliary datum plane, the ears film perforation axle of part and datum level Between become space angle relation, it is known that the design theory digital-to-analogue of this part, it is characterised in that:
1) having a fixture, this fixture contains flat board pedestal, bushing plate, locating piece, auricle Supporting and Anchor plate kit, bushing plate is fixed on flat board pedestal formation cantilever by a bracer and ties Structure, bushing plate has drill jig hole and screwed hole, and locating piece is one and is fixed on flat board pedestal Wedge, the locating surface of locating piece is parallel with the Master Datum Plane of part, is additionally provided with on locating surface Alignment pin, this alignment pin is corresponding with the auxiliary datum plane of part, and described auricle supports by supporting Axle and two the parallel support ring compositions being fixed in support shaft, these support shaft two ends are solid respectively It is scheduled on flat board pedestal and bushing plate, additionally on the correct position of flat board pedestal and locating piece also It is provided with the connecting hole of fixation clip assembly;
2) by parts fixation on above-mentioned fixture, the Master Datum Plane of part is placed in locating piece On locating surface, the auxiliary datum plane of part leans against on the alignment pin of locating piece, flat by being fixed on Part is fixed by the Anchor plate kit on plate pedestal and on locating piece, the lucky position of auricle of part In the lower section of bushing plate, the drilling position on auricle is coaxial, by ear with the drill jig hole on bushing plate Two support rings in sheet support shaft adjust its position in support shaft and fix so that it is just It is supported on the lower section of auricle;
3), after completing parts fixation, the flat board pedestal of above-mentioned fixture is fixed on the work of drilling machine Carry out on table top holing.
2. a drilling jig gripper for aircraft ears sheet part, the body bottom surface of this ears sheet part Being Master Datum Plane, the side of body is auxiliary datum plane, the ears film perforation axle of part and datum level Between become space angle relation, it is characterised in that having a drilling jig gripper, this fixture contains flat Plate pedestal, bushing plate, locating piece, auricle support and Anchor plate kit, and bushing plate is by a bracer It is fixed on flat board pedestal formation cantilever design, bushing plate has drill jig hole and screwed hole, location Block is a wedge being fixed on flat board pedestal, the locating surface of locating piece and the main base of part Quasi-face is parallel, is also provided with the auxiliary base of alignment pin, this alignment pin and part on locating surface Face is corresponding, and described auricle supports by prop up parallel with two be fixed in support shaft of support shaft Pushing out ring forms, this support shaft be fixed on the connecting hole of flat board pedestal and bushing plate screwed hole it Between, on the correct position of flat board pedestal and locating piece, additionally it is additionally provided with the company of fixation clip assembly Connect hole.
CN201410680266.5A 2014-11-24 2014-11-24 The method for drilling of a kind of aircraft ears sheet part and drilling jig gripper Active CN104439367B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410680266.5A CN104439367B (en) 2014-11-24 2014-11-24 The method for drilling of a kind of aircraft ears sheet part and drilling jig gripper

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410680266.5A CN104439367B (en) 2014-11-24 2014-11-24 The method for drilling of a kind of aircraft ears sheet part and drilling jig gripper

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104439367A CN104439367A (en) 2015-03-25
CN104439367B true CN104439367B (en) 2016-09-14

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Families Citing this family (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104759670B (en) * 2015-04-02 2017-01-11 中航飞机股份有限公司西安飞机分公司 Machining method for titanium alloy thin wall double-tab part
CN105081397B (en) * 2015-09-14 2018-01-16 沈阳飞机工业(集团)有限公司 A kind of device and method that discrete auricle hole is drilled for depth drill
CN105057748B (en) * 2015-09-14 2017-07-14 沈阳飞机工业(集团)有限公司 Lock body drills and reams unitary clip and drill reaming method
CN105312605A (en) * 2015-11-27 2016-02-10 重庆渝记涵诚机械制造有限公司 Engine bracket bottom drilling method
CN105414588A (en) * 2015-12-11 2016-03-23 昌河飞机工业(集团)有限责任公司 Machining method of multi-connected precision hole
CN105689761B (en) * 2016-04-08 2017-12-26 北京新龙立科技有限公司 A kind of tablet press machine protection guide rail drill jig and boring method
CN106112067B (en) * 2016-06-15 2018-10-26 沈阳飞机工业(集团)有限公司 More auricle part hole machined drill jigs and cutter automatic design method
CN106077763B (en) * 2016-06-28 2018-06-01 梧州奥卡光学仪器有限公司 Microscope hinge seat drill jig
CN106001661B (en) * 2016-06-28 2018-06-01 梧州奥卡光学仪器有限公司 Microscope hinge seat boring method
CN106493408B (en) * 2016-12-08 2018-10-12 中航通飞华南飞机工业有限公司 A kind of self-positioning punching device of Large Aircraft Components docking

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DE19858910A1 (en) * 1998-12-19 2000-06-21 Leo Klapperich Hinge drilling jig
US20070009335A1 (en) * 2005-07-09 2007-01-11 Brewington Ophelia R Drilling template
CN103769878A (en) * 2012-10-24 2014-05-07 西安志越机电科技有限公司 Adjustable fixture for inclined-hole drilling
CN203304636U (en) * 2013-05-03 2013-11-27 安徽蓝博旺机械集团振邺机械有限公司 Drill jig tool of lug installation hole of inclined oil cylinder
CN203875387U (en) * 2014-05-08 2014-10-15 南京农业大学 Clamp for drilling inclined hole
CN204353533U (en) * 2014-11-24 2015-05-27 中航飞机股份有限公司西安飞机分公司 The drilling jig gripper of a kind of aircraft ears sheet part drilling

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