CN104437716B - Reduce the Rice processing system of broken rice rate - Google Patents

Reduce the Rice processing system of broken rice rate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104437716B
CN104437716B CN201410751602.0A CN201410751602A CN104437716B CN 104437716 B CN104437716 B CN 104437716B CN 201410751602 A CN201410751602 A CN 201410751602A CN 104437716 B CN104437716 B CN 104437716B
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China
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rice
device
profit
oryza glutinosa
shower nozzle
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CN201410751602.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104437716A (en
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王建华
崔磊
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宁夏昊王米业集团有限公司
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Abstract

A kind of Rice processing system reducing broken rice rate, water profit paddy device, husking apparatus for rice, rice mill, buffing machine is carried including Oryza glutinosa, Oryza glutinosa carries water profit paddy device for for water through the Oryza glutinosa of cleaning, and makes the moisture rapid osmotic adhered on Oryza glutinosa surface to inside rice husk and brown rice;Husking apparatus for rice Oryza glutinosa after Oryza glutinosa carries what water profit paddy device provided water carries out paddy of hulling, and to be taken off by the clever shell of Oryza glutinosa, and makes grain husk shell separate with brown rice;The brown rice pearling that rice mill is used for carrying husking apparatus for rice is to obtain rice;Buffing machine is for being polished obtaining the sparkling and crystal-clear bright and clean polished rice of color and luster to the rice of rice mill conveying.

Description

Reduce the Rice processing system of broken rice rate

Technical field

The present invention relates to rice processing technique field, particularly to a kind of Rice processing system reducing broken rice rate.

Background technology

Rice is one of staple food of the mankind, and according to modern nutriology analysis, rice contains protein, fat, vitamin B1, A, E and several mineral materials.For kind, rice has dividing of Semen oryzae sativae, Semen Oryzae and Oryza glutinosa.

Rice is the finished product that Oryza glutinosa is made after the operations such as cleaning, rice huller paddy, husk rice, finished product arrangement.Cleaning process utilizes suitable equipment exactly, by suitable technological process and appropriate operational approach, all kinds of impurity being mixed in Oryza glutinosa are removed, to improve the quality of rice finished product, utilize Magnet to remove the iron nail in Oryza glutinosa, iron filings etc., to ensure production safety simultaneously.Rice huller paddy operation is exactly to be taken off by the clever shell of Oryza glutinosa with rubber rollers hulling machine or corundum hulling machine, and makes grain husk shell separate with brown rice.Husk rice operation i.e. grind with rice mill cut, the brown rice that rubs makes cortex separate with endosperm, carries out brush rice the most again, removes bran, goes broken, the rice that dries in the air etc. to process, thus available needed for the rice of grade.Modern New rice also apply color choosing, selecting crude drugs with winnower, go the exhausted worm of bacterium dedusting, sterilizing, antibacterial, hinder oxygen, press down the process technology such as enzyme, bionical packaging so that the much cleaner safety of rice, fresh fragrant nutrition, be lost less.

During rice production, the exterior quality of rice product is not only had a significant impact by broken rice rate, has both affected the regularity of rice, affects the cooking quality of rice, edible quality, storage quality simultaneously, and when eluriating, starch loss is bigger.

Summary of the invention

In view of this, it is necessary to a kind of Rice processing system reducing broken rice rate is provided.

A kind of Rice processing system reducing broken rice rate, water profit paddy device, husking apparatus for rice, rice mill, buffing machine is carried including Oryza glutinosa, Oryza glutinosa carries water profit paddy device for for water through the Oryza glutinosa of cleaning, and makes the moisture rapid osmotic adhered on Oryza glutinosa surface to inside rice husk and brown rice;Husking apparatus for rice Oryza glutinosa after Oryza glutinosa carries what water profit paddy device provided water carries out paddy of hulling, and to be taken off by the clever shell of Oryza glutinosa, and makes grain husk shell separate with brown rice;The brown rice pearling that rice mill is used for carrying husking apparatus for rice is to obtain rice;Buffing machine is for being polished obtaining the sparkling and crystal-clear bright and clean polished rice of color and luster to the rice of rice mill conveying.nullWherein,Oryza glutinosa carries water profit paddy device and includes bracing frame、Belt conveyor、Microspray device、Profit paddy device,Belt conveyor is fixed on bracing frame,And on bracing frame, it is additionally provided with microspray device fixed mount,Microspray device is fixed on microspray device fixed mount,The micron shower nozzle of microspray device is positioned at above the conveyer belt of belt conveyor,Oryza glutinosa is made water so that the Oryza glutinosa on conveyer belt sprays micron water smoke,Profit paddy device is arranged on the discharge end of belt conveyor,And near bracing frame,Profit paddy device includes moistening granary、It is arranged on the vapor delivery nozzles on profit granary sidewall,Vapor delivery nozzles is near the feeding mouth of profit granary,The steam orientation of extraneous steam conveying equipment conveying to be sprayed into by vapor delivery nozzles the feeding mouth of profit granary,And then realize to drop into profit granary feeding mouth Oryza sativa L. paddy heating,To promote on Oryza glutinosa surface the moisture rapid osmotic of attachment to inside rice husk and brown rice,The bottom of profit granary is provided with discharge door;Husking apparatus for rice includes the first hulling machine, the second hulling machine, the 3rd hulling machine, grain separating machine, brown rice elevator, moistens rough storehouse;First hulling machine, the second hulling machine charging aperture receive profit granary discharge door conveying Oryza sativa L. paddy, first hulling machine, the second hulling machine, the discharge gate of the 3rd hulling machine connect with the feed hopper of grain separating machine, the Oryza glutinosa outlet of grain separating machine connects with the feed hopper of the 3rd hulling machine, the brown rice outlet of grain separating machine connects with the charging aperture of brown rice elevator, the discharging opening of brown rice elevator connects with moistening rough storehouse, to be conveyed into by the brown rice of separation in the rough storehouse of profit;The ram of the first hulling machine, ram identical in quality of the second hulling machine, the quality of the ram of the 3rd hulling machine, less than the ram of the first hulling machine, is moistened rough storehouse, by conveyer device, the brown rice of storage is supplied to rice mill;Buffing machine includes support, feed hopper, gas-liquid conveyer device, sprayer unit, polishing room, screen drum, polishing roll device, air exhausting device, polishing room is arranged on support, feed hopper is arranged on above polishing room, feed hopper connects with rice mill discharging opening, and feed hopper also connects with polishing room, so that rice to be delivered to polishing room, feed hopper is near one end of polishing room;Screen drum, polishing roll device are arranged in polishing room, and polishing roll device passes screen drum, and coaxial with screen drum;Screen drum is relatively fixed with polishing room, and has gap between screen drum and polishing room;Air exhausting device is arranged on the lower section of polishing room, and air exhausting device connects with polishing room, passes bran powder and the aqueous vapor of screen drum with sucking-off;Polishing roll device includes polishing roll, spiral propeller, hollow spindle, hollow spindle the first end sequentially passes through spiral propeller, polishing roll, hollow spindle is relatively fixed with spiral propeller, polishing roll, second end of hollow spindle passes from polishing room and is connected with driving motor, it is provided with suction hole on hollow spindle, polishing roll, suction hole on hollow spindle, polishing roll faces, and suction hole is near spiral propeller;Gas-liquid conveyer device is arranged on support, and gas-liquid conveyer device is connected with sprayer unit, to provide air-water mixture to sprayer unit;Sprayer unit penetrates from the first end of hollow spindle, and near spiral propeller, sprayer unit includes that the first shower nozzle, the second shower nozzle, the 3rd shower nozzle, air water conveying pipe, one end of air water conveying pipe seal, and the other end of air water conveying pipe is connected with gas-liquid conveyer device after hollow spindle stretches out;What the first shower nozzle, the second shower nozzle, the 3rd shower nozzle were arranged in order is fixed on air water conveying pipe, and first shower nozzle, the second shower nozzle, the 3rd shower nozzle connect with air water conveying pipe, three suction hole one_to_one corresponding of the close spiral propeller on the first shower nozzle, the second shower nozzle, the 3rd shower nozzle and hollow spindle, and face.

In the Rice processing system of above-mentioned reduction broken rice rate, utilizing Oryza glutinosa to carry water profit paddy device makes Oryza glutinosa water to Oryza glutinosa injection micron water smoke, and heated facing to Oryza sativa L. paddy by steam, with promote on Oryza glutinosa surface the moisture rapid osmotic of attachment to inside rice husk and brown rice so that the water satisfied Rice producing optimum process effect of Oryza glutinosa;First hulling machine is set in husking apparatus for rice, second hulling machine, 3rd hulling machine, utilize the Oryza glutinosa that the 3rd hulling machine is discharged to the Oryza glutinosa outlet reclaiming grain separating machine, owing to the quality of the ram of the 3rd hulling machine is less than the ram of the first hulling machine, the Oryza glutinosa of recovery is made to be torn by more weak extruding and stranding between roller thus by less pressure, and then ensure reclaim Oryza glutinosa again hull paddy time do not damage brown rice, to reduce the purpose of brown rice breakage rate, in buffing machine, sprayer unit penetrates from the first end of hollow spindle, and near spiral propeller, sprayer unit includes the first shower nozzle, second shower nozzle, 3rd shower nozzle, air water conveying pipe, one end of air water conveying pipe seals, the other end of air water conveying pipe is connected with gas-liquid conveyer device after hollow spindle stretches out;First shower nozzle, second shower nozzle, what the 3rd shower nozzle was arranged in order is fixed on air water conveying pipe, and first shower nozzle, second shower nozzle, 3rd shower nozzle connects with air water conveying pipe, first shower nozzle, second shower nozzle, 3rd shower nozzle and three suction hole one_to_one corresponding on hollow spindle, and face, air exhausting device is arranged on the lower section of polishing room, and air exhausting device connects with polishing room, so the water smoke of sprayer unit ejection under the subnormal ambient that air exhausting device provides from hollow spindle, suction hole on polishing roll diffuses out, and be uniformly adhered on grain of rice surface, the grain of rice in polishing room is made water uniform, and then soften the bran layer on grain of rice surface, also make grain of rice surface starch pre-gelatinized and colloid effect, starch gelatinization makes up crackle.By during Oryza glutinosa water, rice huller paddy in rice huller paddy early stage by the Oryza glutinosa separately rice huller paddy reclaimed and the rice polishing stage to rice uniformly water, reduce broken rice rate.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Accompanying drawing 1 is the function connection diagram of the Rice processing system reducing broken rice rate of a better embodiment.

Accompanying drawing 2 is the structural representation that the Oryza glutinosa in Fig. 1 carries water profit paddy device.

Accompanying drawing 3 is the structural representation moistening paddy device in Fig. 2.

Accompanying drawing 4 is the structural representation of the husking apparatus for rice in Fig. 1.

Accompanying drawing 5 is the structural representation housing storehouse in Fig. 4.

Accompanying drawing 6 is the overall structure schematic diagram of the rice buffing machine in Fig. 1.

Accompanying drawing 7 is screen drum and polishing roll device and sprayer unit detonation configuration schematic diagram in Fig. 6.

nullIn figure: reduce the Rice processing system 10 of broken rice rate、Oryza glutinosa carries water profit paddy device 100、Bracing frame 110、Microspray device fixed mount 111、Belt conveyor 120、Conveyer belt 121、Microspray device 130、Profit paddy device 140、Profit granary 141、Feeding mouth 1410、Discharge door 1411、Temperature-adjusting device 1412、Temperature adjutage 14120、Pneumatic conveyer 14121、Transverse pipe 14122、Vertical duct 14123、Vent 14124、Temperature-detecting device 1413、Vapor delivery nozzles 142、Air exhausting device 143、Control device 144、Husking apparatus for rice 200、First hulling machine 210、Second hulling machine 220、3rd hulling machine 230、Grain separating machine 240、Brown rice elevator 250、Moisten rough storehouse 260、House storehouse 2601、Microspray head 2602、Water conveying device 2603、Oryza glutinosa elevator 270、Rice mill 300、Buffing machine 400、Support 410、Feed hopper 420、Gas-liquid conveyer device 430、Sprayer unit 440、First shower nozzle 4400、Second shower nozzle 4401、3rd shower nozzle 4402、Air water conveying pipe 4403、Polishing room 450、Screen drum 460、Polishing roll device 470、Polishing roll 4700、47000、Spiral propeller 4701、Hollow spindle 4702、Suction hole 47020、Air exhausting device 480.

Detailed description of the invention

Referring to Fig. 1, the Rice processing system 10 reducing broken rice rate includes that Oryza glutinosa carries water profit paddy device 100, husking apparatus for rice 200, rice mill 300, buffing machine 400, Oryza glutinosa carries water profit paddy device 100 for for water through the Oryza glutinosa of cleaning, and makes the moisture rapid osmotic adhered on Oryza glutinosa surface to inside rice husk and brown rice;Husking apparatus for rice 200 Oryza glutinosa after Oryza glutinosa carries what water profit paddy device 100 provided water carries out paddy of hulling, and to be taken off by the clever shell of Oryza glutinosa, and makes grain husk shell separate with brown rice;The brown rice pearling that rice mill 300 is used for carrying husking apparatus for rice 200 is to obtain rice;Buffing machine 400 is for being polished obtaining the sparkling and crystal-clear bright and clean polished rice of color and luster to the rice of rice mill 300 conveying.

Referring to Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, Oryza glutinosa carries water profit paddy device 100 and includes bracing frame 110, belt conveyor 120, microspray device 130, profit paddy device 140, belt conveyor 120 is fixed on bracing frame 110, and on bracing frame 110, it is additionally provided with microspray device fixed mount 111, microspray device 130 is fixed on microspray device fixed mount 111, the micron shower nozzle 131 of microspray device 130 is positioned at above the conveyer belt 121 of belt conveyor 120, makes Oryza glutinosa water so that the Oryza glutinosa on conveyer belt 121 sprays micron water smoke.Profit paddy device 140 is arranged on the discharge end of belt conveyor 120, and near bracing frame 110.Profit paddy device 140 includes the vapor delivery nozzles 142 moistening granary 141, being arranged on the sidewall of profit granary 141, vapor delivery nozzles 142 is near the feeding mouth 1410 of profit granary 141, the steam orientation of extraneous steam conveying equipment conveying to be sprayed into by vapor delivery nozzles 142 feeding mouth 1410 of profit granary 141, and then realize to the feeding mouth 1410 dropping into profit granary 141 the heating of Oryza sativa L. paddy and again water, to promote on Oryza glutinosa surface the moisture rapid osmotic of attachment to inside rice husk and brown rice.The bottom of profit granary 141 is provided with discharge door 1411.nullFurther,Profit granary 141 is additionally provided with temperature-adjusting device 1412、Temperature-detecting device 1413,Temperature-adjusting device 1412 includes temperature adjutage 14120 and the pneumatic conveyer 14121 being connected with temperature adjutage 14120,Temperature adjutage 14120 includes transverse pipe 14122 and the vertical duct 14123 connected with transverse pipe 14122,Transverse pipe 14122 is vertical with vertical duct 14123,One end of transverse pipe 14122 is stretched into profit granary 141 from the sidewall of profit granary 141,The other end of transverse pipe 14122 is exposed at moistening outside granary 141,The other end of transverse pipe 14122 is connected with pneumatic conveyer 14121,Transverse pipe 14122 is near the bottom of profit granary 141,The free end of vertical duct 14123 is closed and points to the feeding mouth 1410 of profit granary 141,The free end of vertical duct 14123 is less than the vapor delivery nozzles 142 distance to the bottom of profit granary 141 to the distance of the bottom of profit granary 141,Vertical duct 14123 is provided with vent 14124,The side-wall outer side of profit granary 141 is provided with air exhausting device 143、Control device 144,Air exhausting device 143 connects with profit granary 141,Control device 144 and temperature-detecting device 1413、Air exhausting device 143、Pneumatic conveyer 14121 is electrically connected with,Air exhausting device 143 is controlled with the temperature value provided by temperature-detecting device 1413、Pneumatic conveyer 14121 works,So that the temperature in profit paddy 141 reaches predetermined value.Such as, control device 144 and judging that the temperature that temperature-detecting device 1413 produces is higher than the temperature value prestored, illustrate to moisten the temperature in granary 141 too high, control device 144 controls pneumatic conveyer 14121 provides the air-flow of lower temperature for temperature adjutage 14120, and control air exhausting device 143 work by profit granary 141 in higher temperature gas discharge, the temperature in profit granary 141 is reduced, it is to avoid the Oryza glutinosa in profit granary 141 goes bad with this;Control device 144 and judging that the temperature that temperature-detecting device 1413 produces is less than the temperature value prestored, illustrate to moisten the temperature in granary 141 too low, control device 144 controls pneumatic conveyer 14121 provides the air-flow of higher temperature for temperature adjutage 14120, the temperature in profit granary 141 is improved, so that the moisture rapid osmotic of attachment is to inside rice husk and brown rice on the surface of the Oryza glutinosa in profit granary 141 with this.

Referring to Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, husking apparatus for rice 200 includes first hulling machine the 210, second hulling machine the 220, the 3rd hulling machine 230, grain separating machine 240, brown rice elevator 250, moistens rough storehouse 260.The charging aperture of first hulling machine the 210, second hulling machine 220 receive discharge door 1411 conveying of profit granary 141 Oryza sativa L. paddy, the discharge gate of first hulling machine the 210, second hulling machine the 220, the 3rd hulling machine 230 connects with the feed hopper of grain separating machine 240, the Oryza glutinosa outlet of grain separating machine 240 connects with the feed hopper of the 3rd hulling machine 230, the brown rice outlet of grain separating machine 240 connects with the charging aperture of brown rice elevator 250, the discharging opening of brown rice elevator 250 connects with moistening rough storehouse 260, to be conveyed into by the brown rice of separation in the rough storehouse 260 of profit;The ram of the first hulling machine 210, ram identical in quality of the second hulling machine 220, the quality of the ram of the 3rd hulling machine 230 is less than the ram of the first hulling machine 210.In the present embodiment, first hulling machine the 210, second hulling machine the 220, the 3rd hulling machine 230 is arranged side by side, and first the discharge gate of hulling machine the 210, second hulling machine the 220, the 3rd hulling machine 230 higher than the feed hopper of grain separating machine 240, the feed hopper of the 3rd hulling machine 230 is connected with the Oryza glutinosa outlet of grain separating machine 240 by Oryza glutinosa elevator 270, to be delivered in the 3rd hulling machine 230 by isolated Oryza glutinosa.Wherein, brown rice elevator 250, Oryza glutinosa elevator 270 can use belt-type mode of movement to carry brown rice, the Oryza glutinosa of recovery.Moisten rough storehouse 260 and include having the collecting storehouse 2601 of upper shed, microspray head 2602, water conveying device 2603, the bottom housing storehouse 2601 is additionally provided with discharge door, microspray head 2602 is arranged on the sidewall housing storehouse 2601, and near housing the upper shed in storehouse 2601, microspray head 2602 is connected with water conveying device 2603, micron order water smoke is converted to the water carried by water conveying device 2603, gas mixture, and be sprayed on the brown rice entered in the rough storehouse 260 of profit, and then realize the quenched of brown rice.Wherein, the quenched of brown rice refers to carry out brown rice at a predetermined temperature spray damping, and the brown rice of water carries out in moistening rough storehouse the moistening of the scheduled time so that the process that brown rice peel layer and embryo soften.Moisten rough storehouse, by conveyer device, the brown rice of storage is supplied to rice mill.

Referring to Fig. 6 and Fig. 7, buffing machine 400 includes support 410, feed hopper 420, gas-liquid conveyer device 430, sprayer unit 440, polishing room 450, screen drum 460, polishing roll device 470, air exhausting device 480, polishing room 450 is arranged on support 410, feed hopper 420 is arranged on above polishing room 450, feed hopper 420 connects with rice mill 300 discharging opening, and feed hopper 420 also connects with polishing room 450, so that rice to be delivered to polishing room 450, feed hopper 420 is near one end of polishing room 450;Screen drum 460, polishing roll device 470 are arranged in polishing room 450, and polishing roll device 470 is through screen drum 460 and coaxial with screen drum 460;Screen drum 460 is relatively fixed with polishing room 450, and has gap between screen drum 460 and polishing room 450;Air exhausting device 480 is arranged on the lower section of polishing room 450, and air exhausting device 480 connects with polishing room 450, passes bran powder and the aqueous vapor of screen drum 460 with sucking-off.

Polishing roll device 470 includes polishing roll 4700, spiral propeller 4701, hollow spindle 4702, first end of hollow spindle 4702 sequentially passes through spiral propeller 4701, polishing roll 4700, hollow spindle 4702 and spiral propeller 4701, polishing roll 4700 is relatively fixed, second end of hollow spindle 4702 passes from polishing room 450 and is connected with driving motor (not shown), hollow spindle 4702, suction hole 47020 it is provided with on polishing roll 4700, 47000, hollow spindle 4702, suction hole 47020 on polishing roll 4700, 47000 face, suction hole 47020, 47000 near spiral propeller 4701;Gas-liquid conveyer device 430 is arranged on support 410, and gas-liquid conveyer device 430 is connected with sprayer unit 440, to provide air-water mixture to sprayer unit 440;Sprayer unit 440 penetrates from the first end of hollow spindle 4702, and near spiral propeller 4701, sprayer unit 440 includes that first shower nozzle the 4400, second shower nozzle the 4401, the 3rd shower nozzle 4402, air water carry pipe 4403, one end of air water conveying pipe 4403 seals, and the other end of air water conveying pipe 4403 is connected with gas-liquid conveyer device 430 after hollow spindle 4702 stretches out;What first shower nozzle the 4400, second shower nozzle the 4401, the 3rd shower nozzle 4402 was arranged in order is fixed on air water conveying pipe 4403, and first shower nozzle the 4400, second shower nozzle the 4401, the 3rd shower nozzle 4402 and air water conveying pipe 4403 connect, first shower nozzle the 4400, second shower nozzle the 4401, the 3rd shower nozzle 4402 with on hollow spindle 4702 successively near three suction hole 47020 one_to_one corresponding of spiral propeller 4701, and face.First shower nozzle the 4400, second shower nozzle the 4401, the 3rd shower nozzle 4402 is micron shower nozzle.

In the Rice processing system 10 of above-mentioned reduction broken rice rate, utilizing Oryza glutinosa to carry water profit paddy device 100 makes Oryza glutinosa water to Oryza glutinosa injection micron water smoke, and heated facing to Oryza sativa L. paddy by steam, with promote on Oryza glutinosa surface the moisture rapid osmotic of attachment to inside rice husk and brown rice so that the water satisfied Rice producing optimum process effect of Oryza glutinosa;nullFirst hulling machine 210 is set in husking apparatus for rice 200、Second hulling machine 220、3rd hulling machine 230,Utilize the Oryza glutinosa that the 3rd hulling machine 230 is discharged to the Oryza glutinosa outlet reclaiming grain separating machine 240,Owing to the quality of the ram of the 3rd hulling machine 230 is less than the ram of the first hulling machine 210,The Oryza glutinosa of recovery is made to be torn by more weak extruding and stranding between roller thus by less pressure,And then ensure reclaim Oryza glutinosa again hull paddy time do not damage brown rice,To reduce the purpose of brown rice breakage rate,In buffing machine 400,Sprayer unit 440 penetrates from the first end of hollow spindle 4702,And near spiral propeller 4701,One end of the air water conveying pipe 4403 of sprayer unit 440 seals,The other end of air water conveying pipe 4403 is connected with gas-liquid conveyer device 430 after hollow spindle 4702 stretches out;Shower nozzle connects with air water conveying pipe 4403, each shower nozzle and three suction hole 47020 one_to_one corresponding on hollow spindle 4702, and face, air exhausting device 480 is arranged on the lower section of polishing room 450, and air exhausting device 480 connects with polishing room 450, so the water smoke of sprayer unit 440 ejection under the subnormal ambient that air exhausting device 480 provides from hollow spindle 4702, suction hole on polishing roll 4700 diffuses out, and be uniformly adhered on grain of rice surface, the grain of rice in polishing room 450 is made water uniform, and then soften the bran layer on grain of rice surface, also make grain of rice surface starch pre-gelatinized and colloid effect, starch gelatinization makes up crackle.By during Oryza glutinosa water, rice huller paddy in rice huller paddy early stage by the Oryza glutinosa separately rice huller paddy reclaimed and the rice polishing stage to rice uniformly water, reduce broken rice rate.

Claims (5)

1. the Rice processing system reducing broken rice rate, it is characterised in that: include that Oryza glutinosa carries water profit paddy device, rice huller paddy dress Put, rice mill, buffing machine, Oryza glutinosa carries water profit paddy device for water for the Oryza glutinosa through clearing up, and makes on Oryza glutinosa surface The moisture rapid osmotic of attachment is to inside rice husk and brown rice;Husking apparatus for rice for carrying what water profit paddy device provided to Oryza glutinosa Oryza glutinosa after water carries out paddy of hulling, and to be taken off by the clever shell of Oryza glutinosa, and makes grain husk shell separate with brown rice;Rice mill is for by husking apparatus for rice The brown rice pearling of conveying is to obtain rice;Buffing machine is for being polished obtaining the sparkling and crystal-clear light of color and luster to the rice of rice mill conveying Clean polished rice;Wherein, Oryza glutinosa carry water profit paddy device include bracing frame, belt conveyor, microspray device, profit paddy dress Putting, belt conveyor is fixed on bracing frame, and is additionally provided with microspray device fixed mount, microspray device on bracing frame Being fixed on microspray device fixed mount, the micron shower nozzle of microspray device is positioned at above the conveyer belt of belt conveyor, Make Oryza glutinosa water so that the Oryza glutinosa on conveyer belt sprays micron water smoke, profit paddy device is arranged on the discharging of belt conveyor End, and near bracing frame, profit paddy device includes the vapor delivery nozzles moistening granary, being arranged on profit granary sidewall, and steam carries Nozzle is near the feeding mouth of profit granary, the steam orientation of extraneous steam conveying equipment conveying to be sprayed into by vapor delivery nozzles Profit granary feeding mouth, and then realize to drop into profit granary feeding mouth Oryza sativa L. paddy heating, attached to promote on Oryza glutinosa surface The moisture rapid osmotic is to inside rice husk and brown rice, and the bottom of profit granary is provided with discharge door;Husking apparatus for rice includes the first rice huller Paddy machine, the second hulling machine, the 3rd hulling machine, grain separating machine, brown rice elevator, moisten rough storehouse;First hulling machine, the second hulling machine Charging aperture receive profit granary discharge door conveying Oryza sativa L. paddy, the first hulling machine, the second hulling machine, the row of the 3rd hulling machine Material mouth connects with the feed hopper of grain separating machine, and the Oryza glutinosa outlet of grain separating machine connects with the feed hopper of the 3rd hulling machine Logical, the brown rice outlet of grain separating machine connects with the charging aperture of brown rice elevator, the discharging opening of brown rice elevator and the rough storehouse of profit Connection, to be conveyed into the brown rice of separation in the rough storehouse of profit;The ram of the first hulling machine, the quality phase of ram of the second hulling machine With, the quality of the ram of the 3rd hulling machine, less than the ram of the first hulling machine, moistens rough storehouse by conveyer device by the brown rice of storage It is supplied to rice mill;Buffing machine includes support, feed hopper, gas-liquid conveyer device, sprayer unit, polishing room, screen drum, polishing roll dress Put, air exhausting device, polishing room is arranged on support, and feed hopper is arranged on above polishing room, and feed hopper and rice mill discharging opening are even Leading to, and feed hopper also connects with polishing room, so that rice to be delivered to polishing room, feed hopper is near one end of polishing room;Screen drum, throwing Light roller arrangement is arranged in polishing room, and polishing roll device passes screen drum, and coaxial with screen drum;Screen drum is relatively fixed with polishing room, And there is between screen drum and polishing room gap;Air exhausting device is arranged on the lower section of polishing room, and air exhausting device connects with polishing room, Bran powder and the aqueous vapor of screen drum is passed with sucking-off;Polishing roll device includes polishing roll, spiral propeller, hollow spindle, hollow spindle First end sequentially passes through spiral propeller, polishing roll, and hollow spindle is relatively fixed with spiral propeller, polishing roll, hollow spindle The second end pass from polishing room and be connected with driving motor, hollow spindle, polishing roll be provided with suction hole, hollow spindle, Suction hole on polishing roll faces, and suction hole is near spiral propeller;Gas-liquid conveyer device is arranged on support, and gas-liquid is defeated Device is sent to be connected with sprayer unit, to provide air-water mixture to sprayer unit;Sprayer unit is worn from the first end of hollow spindle Enter, and near spiral propeller, sprayer unit includes the first shower nozzle, the second shower nozzle, the 3rd shower nozzle, air water conveying pipe, and air water is defeated The one end sending pipe seals, and the other end of air water conveying pipe is connected with gas-liquid conveyer device after hollow spindle stretches out;First shower nozzle, On what the second shower nozzle, the 3rd shower nozzle were arranged in order be fixed on air water conveying pipe, and the first shower nozzle, the second shower nozzle, the 3rd shower nozzle with Three suctions of the close spiral propeller on air water conveying pipe connection, the first shower nozzle, the second shower nozzle, the 3rd shower nozzle and hollow spindle Pore one_to_one corresponding, and face.
The Rice processing system of reduction broken rice rate the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the bottom of profit granary is arranged Having discharge door, be additionally provided with temperature-adjusting device, temperature-detecting device in profit granary, temperature-adjusting device includes temperature adjutage And the pneumatic conveyer being connected with temperature adjutage, temperature adjutage includes transverse pipe and the vertical duct connected with transverse pipe, Transverse pipe is vertical with vertical duct, and one end of transverse pipe is stretched into profit granary from the sidewall of profit granary, and the other end of transverse pipe exposes Outside profit granary, the other end of transverse pipe is connected with pneumatic conveyer, transverse pipe near moistening the bottom of granary, oneself of vertical duct Closed and point to the feeding mouth of profit granary by end seal, the distance of the free end of vertical duct to the bottom of profit granary is less than steam conveying spray Mouth is to the distance of the bottom of profit granary, and vertical duct is provided with vent, and the side-wall outer side of profit granary is provided with air exhausting device, control Device, air exhausting device connects with profit granary, controls device and electrically connects with temperature-detecting device, air exhausting device, pneumatic conveyer Connecing, controlling air exhausting device, pneumatic conveyer work so that moistening in granary with the temperature value provided by temperature-detecting device Temperature reaches predetermined value.
The Rice processing system of reduction broken rice rate the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the first hulling machine, second Hulling machine, the 3rd hulling machine are arranged side by side, and the discharge gate of the first hulling machine, the second hulling machine, the 3rd hulling machine is rough higher than paddy The feed hopper of seperator, the feed hopper of the 3rd hulling machine is connected by the Oryza glutinosa outlet of Oryza glutinosa elevator with grain separating machine It is logical, so that isolated Oryza glutinosa is delivered in the 3rd hulling machine.
The Rice processing system of reduction broken rice rate the most according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: moisten rough storehouse and include having The collecting storehouse of opening, microspray head, water conveying device, the bottom housing storehouse is additionally provided with discharge door, and microspray head is arranged On the sidewall housing storehouse, and near housing the upper shed in storehouse, microspray head is connected with water conveying device, with by water conveying dress Put the water of conveying, gas mixture is converted to micron order water smoke, and is sprayed on the brown rice entered in the rough storehouse of profit, and then realizes brown rice Quenched.
The Rice processing system of reduction broken rice rate the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the first shower nozzle, the second spray Head, the 3rd shower nozzle are micron shower nozzle.
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CN106391177A (en) * 2016-11-17 2017-02-15 余庆县大凉山米业有限责任公司 Rice processing technology capable of reducing broken rice
CN107583711A (en) * 2017-07-31 2018-01-16 安徽省明光市中富粮油食品贸易有限公司 A kind of processing technology of the low rice of long shelf-life broken rice rate
CN108745451A (en) * 2018-05-24 2018-11-06 益阳市福华米业有限公司 A kind of low-temperature-rise rice processing technique method
CN108837864A (en) * 2018-08-06 2018-11-20 安徽鑫泉米业有限公司 A kind of big rice processing method reducing broken rice rate

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