CN104428472A - Composite structure - Google Patents

Composite structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104428472A
CN104428472A CN201380035685.7A CN201380035685A CN104428472A CN 104428472 A CN104428472 A CN 104428472A CN 201380035685 A CN201380035685 A CN 201380035685A CN 104428472 A CN104428472 A CN 104428472A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
shearing resistance
hole
composite construction
piece
concrete component
Prior art date
Application number
CN201380035685.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
田中照久
堺纯一
Original Assignee
学校法人福冈大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to JP2012151625 priority Critical
Priority to JP2012-151625 priority
Application filed by 学校法人福冈大学 filed Critical 学校法人福冈大学
Priority to PCT/JP2013/068238 priority patent/WO2014007284A1/en
Publication of CN104428472A publication Critical patent/CN104428472A/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/02Structures consisting primarily of load-supporting, block-shaped, or slab-shaped elements
    • E04B1/04Structures consisting primarily of load-supporting, block-shaped, or slab-shaped elements the elements consisting of concrete, e.g. reinforced concrete, or other stone-like material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/16Structures made from masses, e.g. of concrete, cast or similarly formed in situ with or without making use of additional elements, such as permanent forms, substructures to be coated with load-bearing material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/16Structures made from masses, e.g. of concrete, cast or similarly formed in situ with or without making use of additional elements, such as permanent forms, substructures to be coated with load-bearing material
    • E04B1/165Structures made from masses, e.g. of concrete, cast or similarly formed in situ with or without making use of additional elements, such as permanent forms, substructures to be coated with load-bearing material with elongated load-supporting parts, cast in situ
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/30Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts being composed of two or more materials; Composite steel and concrete constructions
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/40Separate connecting elements
    • E04B1/41Connecting devices specially adapted for embedding in concrete
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/02Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces
    • E04C3/29Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces built-up from parts of different material, i.e. composite structures
    • E04C3/293Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces built-up from parts of different material, i.e. composite structures the materials being steel and concrete
    • E04C3/294Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces built-up from parts of different material, i.e. composite structures the materials being steel and concrete of concrete combined with a girder-like structure extending laterally outside the element
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C5/00Reinforcing elements, e.g. for concrete; Auxiliary elements therefor
    • E04C5/01Reinforcing elements of metal, e.g. with non-structural coatings
    • E04C5/06Reinforcing elements of metal, e.g. with non-structural coatings of high bending resistance, i.e. of essentially three-dimensional extent, e.g. lattice girders
    • E04C5/0645Shear reinforcements, e.g. shearheads for floor slabs
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/40Separate connecting elements
    • E04B1/41Connecting devices specially adapted for embedding in concrete
    • E04B2001/4192Connecting devices specially adapted for embedding in concrete attached to concrete reinforcing elements, e.g. rods or wires
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24174Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.] including sheet or component perpendicular to plane of web or sheet
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24273Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.] including aperture
    • Y10T428/24281Struck out portion type
    • Y10T428/24289Embedded or interlocked

Abstract

Provided is a composite structure which achieves greatly improved shearing strength and rigidity, and excellent workability. A composite structure (10) is provided with: a flat-shaped shearing resistance member (3) joined in a screen shape to the surface (1a) of a flat-shaped substrate (1) by fillet weld (2); and a concrete-based member (4) formed on the surface (1a) of the substrate (1) in the state in which the shearing resistance member (3) is buried therein. In the shearing resistance member (3), a plurality of through-holes (5) are bored, and a protruding rim portion (6) that protrudes outward from one surface (3a) of the shearing resistance member (3) from the inner peripheral rim of each of the through-holes (5) is provided. The plurality of through-holes (5) are circular, and the protruding rim portion (6) has a short cylindrical shape that is continuous along the inner peripheral rim of the through-hole (5). The substrate (1) and the shearing resistance member (2) are both formed from a steel plate. The plurality of through-holes (5) are bored at regular intervals along the longitudinal direction of the shearing resistance member (2).

Description

Composite construction
Technical field
To the present invention relates to when constructing building structure and civil engineering structure etc. one and engage steel beam column and concrete component and the composite construction that formed.
Background technology
The composite construction that one engages steel beam column and concrete component and formed is widely used in the field such as building structure and civil engineering structure in the past, as composite construction involved in the present invention, such as there is the composite construction 180 adopting peg 181 as shown in Figure 15 and Figure 16, or there is the composite construction 190 adopting punched steel plate pin 191 as shown in Figure 17 and Figure 18.
In composite construction 180 as shown in Figure 15 and Figure 16, on the end face of the steel frame 182 as steel beam column, being welded with multiple peg 181 in erectting shape at spacing intervals, under the state burying these pegs 181 underground, on the end face of steel frame 182, forming stratiform concrete component 183.
In composite construction 190 as shown in Figure 17 and Figure 18, the lath-shaped punched steel plate pin 191 offering multiple through hole 191 is at spacing intervals welded on the end face as the steel frame 192 of steel beam column in ribbed, under the state burying punched steel plate pin 191 underground, form stratiform concrete component 193 on the end face of steel frame 192.
On the other hand, propose following technical scheme (for example, see patent document 1), in order to improve the close property between placing type frame and concrete, the substrate of the element as placing type frame offers through hole by plunging processing, around through hole, makes multiple irregular small embossment give prominence to thus.
Prior art document
Patent document
Patent document 1: Unexamined Patent 10-102503 publication.
Summary of the invention
The problem that invention will solve
Form the peg 181 of composite construction 180 as shown in Figure 15 and Figure 16 while with displacement deformation, play maximum shear strength, therefore be suitable for use in building/civil engineering structure field.But in order to obtain high shearing resistance yield strength and initial stage rigidity in composite construction 180, steel frame 182 end face being had to engage multiple peg 181, therefore needing large accommodation space to configure peg 181.For this reason, the junction surface that counter stress is concentrated in the composite construction needing high initial stage rigidity is unaccommodated.
To this, in composite construction 190 as shown in Figure 17 and Figure 18, prevented by the concrete Shear be filled in the through hole 191a of punched steel plate pin 191 or rejection iris steel plate pin 191 and concrete component 193 displacement, therefore compared with peg 181 as shown in Figure 15 and Figure 16, have that rigidity is high, the outstanding and workability of the fatigue-resistance characteristics also advantage such as excellent.But in technical field of the present invention, to the upswing in demand improving shearing resistance yield strength further, even and if present situation can not meet such demand in composite construction 190 as shown in Figure 17 and Figure 18.
On the other hand, in the placing type frame described in patent document 1, as the means of the close property improved between placing type frame and concrete, by the multiple through hole with small embossment of plunging processing sets up, but because these small embossments form concaveconvex shape around through hole, therefore it is not clear whether be improved the effect of shearing resistance yield strength.
The problem to be solved in the present invention be to provide a kind of not only can increase substantially junction surface place at reinforcing bar component and concrete component anti-displacement function, shearing resistance yield strength and rigidity and also the also outstanding composite construction of workability.
The means of dealing with problems
First composite construction according to the present invention has the concrete component being engaged in the tabular shearing resistance broken piece on the surface of base material in separator plate like and being formed under the state burying described shearing resistance broken piece underground on the surface of described base material, be characterized in, described shearing resistance broken piece be provided with through hole and protrude from the flange part of outer side surface of at least side of described shearing resistance broken piece from the inner rim genesis of described through hole.
In addition, second composite construction according to the present invention has the tabular shearing resistance broken piece configured under state toward each other and the concrete component be formed between described shearing resistance broken piece, be characterized in, described shearing resistance broken piece be provided with through hole and be projected into the flange part described concrete component from the inner rim genesis of described through hole.
In addition, the concrete component that 3rd composite construction according to the present invention has tubular column piece and formed around column piece under the state at least partially burying described column piece underground, be characterized in, the part being embedded in this concrete component of this column piece be provided with through hole and from least one towards described concrete component or in the flange part given prominence to of the axle center of described column piece of the inner rim genesis of described through hole.
Here, in above-mentioned 3rd composite construction, at described column piece from the part that described concrete component exposes, be provided with through hole and from the inner rim genesis of described through hole towards the flange part that the axle center of described column piece is outstanding, be filled with concrete component in the inside of described column piece.
And described flange part is preferably along the inner periphery continuous print short cylinder shape of this through hole.
And, described shearing resistance broken piece or described column piece can be provided with multiple described through hole.
Now, be different from each other at the projected direction of the described flange part of adjacent described through hole.
On the other hand, the structure engaging multiple aforementioned shearing resistance broken piece on the surface of described base material can be obtained in described first composite construction.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is local excision's oblique view of the composite construction represented according to first embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 2 is from the view viewed from the arrow line A direction of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the sectional view along the line B-B in Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 omits sectional view along the local of the line C-C in Fig. 2.
Fig. 5 represents the local omission sectional view according to the composite construction of second embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 6 represents the local omission sectional view according to the composite construction of third embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 7 represents the local omission sectional view according to the composite construction of four embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 8 represents the local omission sectional view according to the composite construction of fifth embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 9 represents the local omission sectional view according to the composite construction of sixth embodiment of the invention.
Figure 10 represents the local omission front view according to the composite construction of seventh embodiment of the invention.
Figure 11 omits sectional view along the local of the line D-D in Figure 10.
Figure 12 is local excision's front view of the composite construction represented according to eighth embodiment of the invention.
Figure 13 omits sectional view along the local of the line E-E in Figure 12.
Figure 14 omits sectional view along the local of the line F-F in Figure 12.
Figure 15 is the vertical cross-sectional representing conventional composite.
Figure 16 is the sectional view along the line X-X in Figure 15.
Figure 17 is the vertical cross-sectional representing conventional composite.
Figure 18 is the sectional view along the line Y-Y in Figure 17.
Detailed description of the invention
Below, be described to the composite construction 10,20,30,40,50,60,70 and 80 of the 8th embodiment according to the present invention first according to Fig. 1 to Figure 14.
In composite construction 10 as shown in Figures 1 to 4, be provided with the concrete component 4 being engaged with the flat shearing resistance broken piece 3 on the surperficial 1a of flat plate-like substrate 1 by fillet welding 2 in separator plate like and being formed under the state burying shearing resistance broken piece 3 underground on the surperficial 1a of base material 1.Shearing resistance broken piece 3 is offered multiple through hole 5, and setting is projected into the flange part 6 outside the surperficial 3a of the side of shearing resistance broken piece 3 from the inner rim genesis of these through holes 5.Multiple through hole 5 is circular, and flange part 6 is continuous print short cylinder shape in the inner periphery along through hole 5.Although base material 1 and shearing resistance broken piece 3 are all formed with steel plate, be not limited thereto.
Fig. 4 omits sectional view along the local of the line C-C in Fig. 2, is omitting the view under the concrete component 4 of forming composite structure 10 and the state of fillet welding 2.As shown in Figure 4, along the length direction of shearing resistance broken piece 3, offer four through holes 5 at spacing intervals.In addition, the flange part 6 of each through hole 5 is all given prominence to laterally from the surperficial 3a of the side of shearing resistance broken piece 3.And, internal diameter, the quantity of through hole 5 or to offer spacing etc. be nonrestrictive.
As shown in Figure 1, in composite construction 10, prevent shearing resistance broken piece 3 and concrete component 4 displacement by the Shear of the concrete component 4 becoming the state be filled in through hole 5.In addition, be located at flange part 6 in through hole 5 and neighbouring concrete component 4 also plays Shear power and anti-displacement function, therefore rigidity can be improved and significantly promote shearing resistance yield strength.In addition, because for the fillet welding 2 joined on the surperficial 1a of base material 1 is transported to job site more in advance after the places such as factory complete by shearing resistance broken piece 3, therefore can avoid weld job at the construction field (site), workability is also good.
In addition, by arranging flange part 6 at through hole 5 place, improving the rigidity of shearing resistance broken piece 3 self, being difficult to distortion, therefore the treatability when the keeping of carrying limit, limit becomes good, effectively improves workability, and the intensity improving composite construction 10 can be helped.And, by improving the rigidity of shearing resistance broken piece 3, the distortion caused by heat affecting when carrying out fillet welding 2 can be prevented.
In addition, the through hole 5 be opened on shearing resistance broken piece 3 can as the reach through hole of hawser and hook etc. when the steel beam column that crane engages with shearing resistance broken piece 3.And, reinforcing bar can be made to pass the through hole 5 of shearing resistance broken piece 3, therefore locating rack when carrying out the operation of reinforcing bar arrangement of reinforcement in the job site of building structure and civil engineering structure can be used as.
Although be not particularly limited processing method when forming the flange part 6 of through hole 5, formed by plunging method in the present embodiment.Plunging processing is such process technology, utilizes drift and former the inner periphery be opened in as the lower opening on the steel plate of shearing resistance broken piece 3 material to be erected in the thickness direction upper punch of this steel plate.In addition, in composite construction 10, the base material 1 engaging shearing resistance broken piece 3 is flat, but is not limited thereto, if shearing resistance broken piece 3 is can grafting material, then various steel such as also can be used as I shaped steel, H profile steel, T-steel, angle steel, channel-section steel or steel pipe etc.
As mentioned above, because reinforcing bar (not shown) can be made through the through hole 5 of shearing resistance broken piece 3, therefore according to one or more ratio, reinforcing bar (not shown) is worn for each through hole 5, also can obtain the structure forming concrete component 4 under the state burying shearing resistance broken piece 3 and reinforcing bar (not shown) underground on the surperficial 1a of base material 1.If obtain such structure, horizontal shear strength (shear strength on the direction parallel with the surperficial 1a of base material 1) is then made to be dispersed to described reinforcing bar, which thereby enhance deformability, can obtain and stop that the resistance of floating of concrete component 4 also improves etc. and go out chromatic effect.
Then, according to Fig. 5 to Fig. 9, the composite construction 20,30,40,50 and 60 as the second to the 6th embodiment is described.In addition, Fig. 5 to Fig. 9 is that sectional view is omitted in the local the same with above-mentioned Fig. 4, eliminates the part of the concrete component 4 and fillet welding 2 corresponded to as shown in Figure 1.In addition, in composite construction 20,30,40,50 and 60 as shown in Figures 5 to 9, have the shape identical with the ingredient of composite construction 10 as shown in Figure 1, function part with the Reference numeral identical with the Reference numeral in Fig. 1, eliminate explanation.
In composite construction 20 as shown in Figure 5, being provided with by fillet welding (not shown) is the concrete component (not shown) that separator plate like is engaged with two pieces of shearing resistance broken pieces 3 on the surperficial 21a of flat plate-like substrate 21 and is formed under the state burying shearing resistance broken piece 3 underground on the surperficial 21a of base material 21.Layout like this two pieces of shearing resistance broken pieces 3, that is, they are parallel to each other under the surperficial 3b state toward each other of the opposite side making the flange part 6 of through hole 5 not give prominence to.
In composite construction 20, two pieces of shearing resistance broken pieces 3 play shear strength and anti-displacement function respectively, therefore compared with composite construction 10, rigidity is higher, can improve shearing resistance yield strength further.
Then, in composite construction 30 as shown in Figure 6, being provided with by fillet welding (not shown) is the concrete component (not shown) that separator plate like is engaged with two pieces of shearing resistance broken pieces 3 on the surperficial 31a of flat plate-like substrate 31 and is formed under the state burying shearing resistance broken piece 3 underground on the surperficial 31a of base material 31.Layout like this two pieces of shearing resistance broken pieces 3, that is, they make to be parallel to each other under the surperficial 3a of the outstanding side of the flange part 6 of through hole 5 state toward each other.In composite construction 30, two pieces of shearing resistance broken pieces 3 play shear strength and anti-displacement function respectively, therefore compared with composite construction 10, rigidity is higher, can improve shearing resistance yield strength further.
Then, in composite construction 40 as shown in Figure 7, being provided with by fillet welding (not shown) is the concrete component (not shown) that separator plate like is engaged with the shearing resistance broken piece 43 on the surperficial 41a of flat plate-like substrate 41 and is formed under the state burying shearing resistance broken piece 43 underground on the surperficial 41a of base material 41.Shearing resistance broken piece 43 offers multiple through hole 5 along its length at a certain distance, differs 180 degree each other to be formed at the projected direction of the flange part 6 at adjacent through hole 5 place.In other words, at adjacent through hole 5 place, the flange part 6 of the through hole 5 of a side is given prominence to from the front 43a of shearing resistance broken piece 43, and the flange part 6 of the through hole 5 of the opposing party is given prominence to from the back side 43b of shearing resistance broken piece 43.
If obtain such structure, then the shear strength played by shearing resistance broken piece 43 and concrete component (not shown) is unified at the front 43a of shearing resistance broken piece 43 and back side 43b, therefore effectively improves the intensity of composite construction 40.
Then, in composite construction 50 as shown in Figure 8, being provided with by fillet welding (not shown) is that separator plate like is engaged with two pieces of shearing resistance broken pieces 43 on the surperficial 51a of flat plate-like substrate 51 and is burying the concrete component (not shown) be formed under shearing resistance broken piece 43 state on the surperficial 51a of base material 51 underground.
In composite construction 50, owing to being bonded to two pieces of shearing resistance broken pieces 43 in parallel to each other on the surperficial 51a of base material 51, therefore increased by the shear strength that these shearing resistance broken pieces 43 and concrete component (not shown) play, compared with composite construction 40 as shown in Figure 7, shearing resistance yield strength can be improved.
Then, in composite construction 60 as shown in Figure 9, being provided with by fillet welding (not shown) is that separator plate like is engaged to the shearing resistance broken piece 63 of the surperficial 61a of flat plate-like substrate 61 and is burying the concrete component (not shown) be formed under shearing resistance broken piece 63 state on the surperficial 61a of base material 61 underground.Shearing resistance broken piece 63 offers multiple through hole 65 along its length at spacing intervals, the flange part 66 outside the front 63a and back side 63b being projected into this shearing resistance broken piece 63 from the inner rim genesis of through hole is respectively set at each through hole 65 place.
In composite construction 60, by arranging the flange part 66 of through hole 65 on the two sides (front 63a and back side 63b) of shearing resistance broken piece 63, there is not inside and outside difference in shearing resistance broken piece 63, therefore the shear strength played by shearing resistance broken piece 63 and concrete component (not shown) is unified at the front 63a of shearing resistance broken piece 63 and back side 63b, effectively improves the intensity of composite construction 60.
In addition, in composite construction 20,30,40,50 and 60 as shown in Figures 5 to 9, following structure can be obtained, through hole 5,65 for shearing resistance broken piece 3,43,63 wears reinforcing bar (not shown) according to one or more ratio, under the state burying shearing resistance broken piece 3,43,63 and reinforcing bar (not shown) underground, form concrete component (not shown) on surperficial 21a, 31a, 41a, 51a, 61a of respective base material 21,31,41,51,61.If obtain such structure, then the same with above-mentioned, improve deformability, the effects such as the resistance stoping concrete component to float also improves can be obtained.
Then, in composite construction 70 as shown in Figure 10 and Figure 11, be provided with two the tabular shearing resistance broken pieces 73 arranged under state respect to one another and the concrete component 74 be formed between shearing resistance broken piece 73, shearing resistance broken piece 73 is offered multiple through hole 75, and setting is projected into the flange part 76 concrete component 74 from the inner rim genesis of respective through hole 75.The flange part 76 of through hole 75 is given prominence to from the surperficial 73a (contact surface contacted with concrete component 73) of the side of shearing resistance broken piece 73.Multiple through hole 75 is circular, and flange part 76 is continuous print short cylinder shape in the inner periphery along through hole 75.Although shearing resistance broken piece 73 is all formed with tabular steel plate, is not limited to this, also can uses corrugated sheet, bending plate etc.
In composite construction 70, by arranging through hole 75 and flange part 76, obtain powerful anti-displacement function at the two pieces of shearing resistance broken pieces 73 manufactured by steel plate with the junction surface of concrete component 74, therefore shearing resistance yield strength and rigidity can be made significantly to promote, workability is also good.Although the purposes of composite construction 70 is unrestricted and thus can construct to various reinforced concrete structure, such as, be applicable to the wall body structure of reinforced concrete building (not shown).
Subsequently, in the composite construction 80 such as shown in Figure 12 to Figure 14, the concrete component 84a being provided with corner tubular column piece 81 and being formed around column piece 81 under the state burying part near the bottom 81a of column piece 81 underground, the part (near the 81a of bottom part) being embedded in concrete component 84a of column piece 81 offers multiple through hole 85a, and is provided with from the inner rim genesis of respective through hole 85a flange part 86a outstanding towards concrete component 84a.
Although on four planar portions 81p of the perisporium of corner tubular column piece 81 upper and lower two and amount to eight ground and be provided with multiple through hole 85a respectively as shown in Figure 12 and Figure 13, do not limit the number of through hole 85a and arrangement form etc.The flange part 86a of through hole 85a is projected into outside planar portions 81p.
As shown in figures 12 and 14, multiple through hole 85b is provided with in the part (near the upper end 81b of column piece 81 part) exposed from concrete component 84a of column piece 81, and be provided with from the outstanding flange part 86b of the axle center 81c of the inner rim genesis orientation column part 81 of respective through hole 85b, at the inside fill concrete component 84b of column piece 81.Concrete component 84a and 84b is one continuous print through through hole 85a.
Although as shown in figures 12 and 14 at four planar portions 81p upper and lower two and amount to eight ground and be provided with multiple through hole 85b respectively of the perisporium of corner tubular column piece 81, do not limit the number of through hole 85a and arrangement form etc.The flange part 86a of through hole 85a gives prominence to from planar portions 81p in inner side.
In composite construction 80, by arranging through hole 85a, 85b and flange part 86a, 86b, obtain powerful anti-displacement function at the column piece 81 as shearing resistance broken piece with the junction surface of concrete component 84a, 84b, therefore can significantly promote shearing resistance yield strength and rigidity, workability is also good.Such as, although do not limit the purposes of composite construction 80 and to various structure of reinforced concrete, the column structure of reinforced concrete building (not shown) can be applicable to.
In addition, as shown in figure 12, by making reinforcing bar 85 through the through hole 85a being embedded in the part in concrete component 84a of column piece 81 and forming the integral structure with concrete component 84, the further lifting of Strength and Dformation performance can be realized.And, although the column piece 81 in composite construction 80 is in corner tubular, is not limited thereto, other shape also can be adopted as polygonal tubular, cylindrical shape, oval tubular or oval tubular etc.
In addition, above-mentioned composite construction 10,20,30,40,50,60,70 and 80 citing shows composite construction of the present invention, and composite construction of the present invention is not limited to these embodiments.
Industrial applicibility
Composite construction of the present invention can be widely used in the field such as builing industry and civil engineering construction industry.
Reference numerals list
1,21,31,41,51,61 base materials; 1a, 21a, 31a, 41a, 51a, 61a surface; 2 fillet welding; 3,43,63,73 shearing resistance broken pieces; 3a, 3b, 73a surface; 4,74,84a, 84b concrete component; 5,65,75,85a, 85b through hole; 6,66,76,86a, 86b flange part; 10,20,30,40,50,60,70,80 composite constructions; 43a front; The 43b back side; 81 column pieces; 81a bottom; 81b upper end; 81c axle center; 81p planar portions; 88 steel bar pieces.

Claims (8)

1. a composite construction, there is the concrete component being engaged in the tabular shearing resistance broken piece on the surface of base material in separator plate like and being formed under the state burying described shearing resistance broken piece underground on the surface of described base material, it is characterized in that, described shearing resistance broken piece is provided with through hole and protrude from from the inner rim genesis of described through hole described shearing resistance broken piece at least side surface outside flange part.
2. a composite construction, there is the tabular shearing resistance broken piece configured under state toward each other and the concrete component be formed between described shearing resistance broken piece, it is characterized in that, described shearing resistance broken piece is provided with through hole and is projected into the flange part described concrete component from the inner rim genesis of described through hole.
3. a composite construction, the concrete component that there is tubular column piece and formed around described column piece under the state at least partially burying described column piece underground, it is characterized in that, in the part being embedded in described concrete component of described column piece, be provided with through hole and from least one towards described concrete component or in the flange part given prominence to of the axle center of described column piece of the inner rim genesis of described through hole.
4. composite construction according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, at described column piece from the part that described concrete component exposes, be provided with through hole and from the inner rim genesis of described through hole towards the flange part that the axle center of described column piece is outstanding, be filled with concrete component in the inside of described column piece.
5. composite construction according to any one of claim 1 to 4, is characterized in that, described flange part is the inner periphery continuous print short cylinder shape along described through hole.
6. composite construction according to any one of claim 1 to 5, is characterized in that, described shearing resistance broken piece or described column piece are provided with multiple described through hole.
7. composite construction according to claim 6, is characterized in that, is different from each other at the projected direction of the described flange part of adjacent described through hole.
8. composite construction according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the surface of described base material engages multiple aforementioned shearing resistance broken piece.
CN201380035685.7A 2012-07-05 2013-07-03 Composite structure CN104428472A (en)

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