CN104407270A - Online fault monitoring device for cable connector in 10-35kV power distribution network and method for evaluating system state - Google Patents

Online fault monitoring device for cable connector in 10-35kV power distribution network and method for evaluating system state Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104407270A
CN104407270A CN201410735143.7A CN201410735143A CN104407270A CN 104407270 A CN104407270 A CN 104407270A CN 201410735143 A CN201410735143 A CN 201410735143A CN 104407270 A CN104407270 A CN 104407270A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cable splice
cable
signal
distribution network
power distribution
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410735143.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
帅一
蔡礼
王凯睿
付理祥
张祥罗
汤伟中
廖文
刘凯杰
曾庆汇
Original Assignee
国家电网公司
国网江西省电力公司南昌供电分公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 国家电网公司, 国网江西省电力公司南昌供电分公司 filed Critical 国家电网公司
Priority to CN201410735143.7A priority Critical patent/CN104407270A/en
Publication of CN104407270A publication Critical patent/CN104407270A/en

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses an online fault monitoring device for a cable connector in a 10-35kV power distribution network. The online fault monitoring device comprises two current sensors, a difference module, an A/D convertor, a lower computer and a power supply module, wherein the two current sensors are mounted at the two ends of the cable connector in the 10-35 kV power distribution network; pulse current signals received by the current sensors are processed by the difference module to obtain induced voltage signals at the two ends of the cable connector, the induced voltage signals are converted into digital signals through the A/D convertor, and the digital signals are processed by the lower computer to obtain the insulation condition data of the cable connector. The invention further discloses a method for evaluating the system state of the online fault monitoring device for the cable connector in the 10-35kV power distribution network. The method adopts two rogowski coils for high-frequency electromagnetic coupling to respectively collect partial discharge pulse signals, so that the possibility of difference processing on the partial discharge signals of the cable connector is provided. After the signals are subjected to the difference processing, the partial discharge pulse signals can be amplified without distortion, interference signals from the outside can be effectively shielded, and the field interference is effectively restrained.

Description

The On-line Fault monitoring device of cable splice and the method for evaluating system state thereof in a kind of 10 ~ 35kV power distribution network

Technical field

The invention belongs to state of insulation on-line monitoring technique field, be specifically related to the On-line Fault monitoring device of cable splice in a kind of 10 ~ 35kV power distribution network.The invention still further relates to On-line Fault monitoring and the status assessing system of cable splice in a kind of 10 ~ 35kV power distribution network.

Background technology

Along with the range of application of XLPE insulated cable in electric system and the sharp increase of usage quantity, the Insulation Problems of XLPE insulated cable also enjoys people to pay close attention to.XLPE power cable line has XLPE insulated cable main body protection; insulating property generally all there will not be problem; but when the inadequate circuit overall length of cable; the joint that two cables connect; or when electric pressure, the different use joint of accessory structure connect, the Insulation Problems probability of occurrence of circuit is larger.At present, the cable splice overwhelming majority is that on-the-spot manual manufacture is installed, and its insulating property are often lower than the cable body of produce in factory, and complex structure in cable accessory, electric field distortion is serious; And cable splice need carry out cutting winding to cable body when fabrication and installation, easily cause the damage of conductor and insulation, and when stube cable body, owing to connecting under core not in place or connection metal surface of contact the situation such as to deal with improperly, the fault of cable splice all may be caused.In order to ensure the safe operation of XLPE cable circuit in electric system, with regard to needing the joint guaranteeing XLPE cable to carry out on-line monitoring, to guarantee the reliably working of circuit.At present, usually adopt the method for planned off-line maintenance to ensure the safe and stable operation of circuit to supply line, although and the detection method of this off-line type can investigate and be out of order, because its real-time is not good, just there is accident through being everlasting between twice maintenance; And XLPE cable development time is short, there is limitation unavoidably in its preventive trial, such as traditional DC voltage withstand test is crossed conference due to XLPE cable electric capacity and is damaged XLPE cable, and other ac test equipment are except bulky complex, test loaded down with trivial details, inefficiency, but also its insulation characterisitic can be affected.At present, China's preventive trial mainly measures the test of insulation resistance, DC voltage withstand test and dielectric loss angle tangent, but, cable splice makes greatly to be unfavorable for DC experiment due to its electric capacity, and insulation system is complicated, internal electric field distortion is serious, its preventive trial project lacks at present, data information can not reflect state of insulation completely, and the unified standard of neither one can be used for reference, therefore, the insulation status for cable splice cannot realize perspective and real-time, therefore, carrying out the research of this respect both at home and abroad always.Along with going deep into of research, on-line monitoring technique is that the detection of cable splice provides new thinking and countermeasure, can be carried out diagnosis and handle it in time by analysis and evaluation Monitoring Data to insulation hidden danger.Operating experience and research all show: carry out the shelf depreciation in solid insulation monitoring the state that can well reflect insulation, the defect existed in real reflection insulation, and the reflection cable splice electrical tree aging process degree that the change of the partial discharge quantity of cable splice can be quantitative.At present, in partial discharge monitoring method, whether gathering electric quantity signal by shelf depreciation is divided into electric power detection and non electrical quantity to detect, the representative method that wherein non electrical quantity detects is ultrasonicly involve infrared thermography method, and in detection method of quantity of electricity, high-frequency method can be divided into again by the frequency height of collection signal, ultrahigh frequency method and very high frequency(VHF) method, Electromagnetic coupling method can be divided into by the mode gathered, capacitive couplings and inductive coupling, and to have in the detection method of experiment desk research maturation based on electricity on-line monitoring both at home and abroad at present: method of difference, direction coupled method, Electromagnetic coupling method, capacitive couplings and inductive coupling method.

(1), method of difference is simple and safe, but high-frequency signal is decayed when cable distribution seriously, reduces sensitivity, and the insulating washer that intermediate demand installs buffer action is larger to cable destructiveness.

(2) detection sensitivity of direction coupled method is higher, and measurement bandwidth is wide.But structure is more complicated, install inconvenience, the scope of application is less.

(3), Electromagnetic coupling method is vulnerable to outside electromagnetic interference, and the simple amplifier relying on wide-band filter and high multiple is difficult to the interference getting rid of some similar partial discharge pulse.

(4) although, capacitive couplings is highly sensitive, high frequency signal attenuation is more than low frequency recuperation, and sensor needs built-in, and the scope of application is less.

(5) inductive coupling method survey frequency can reach very high, but high frequency signal attenuation is serious, and requires that tested cable metallic screens is spiral shape coiling, and the scope of application is little.

Summary of the invention

The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of shelf depreciation to cable splice and can detects reliably, reaction cable splice insulation status, and can almost can't harm the device of on-line monitoring is carried out to the fault of cable splice in 10 ~ 35kV power distribution network.Another technical matters that the present invention will solve is the insulation appraisal procedure using said apparatus to carry out the monitoring of high frequency partial On-line Discharge.

The present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above by the following technical programs:

An On-line Fault monitoring device for cable splice in 10 ~ 35kV power distribution network, comprises two current sensors, difference block, A/D converter, slave computer and power modules; It is characterized in that:

Described current sensor, is arranged on the two ends of cable splice, and obtains the pulse signal of cable splice shelf depreciation;

Described difference block is voltage comparator, two pulse signals that current sensor exports is subtracted each other the induced voltage at rear acquisition cable splice two ends;

Described A/D converter, is converted to digital signal to filtered signal;

Described slave computer, compares the digital signal of acquisition with preset value, judge the insulation status of cable splice;

Described power module, in 10 ~ 35kV power distribution network, the On-line Fault monitoring device of cable splice provides power supply;

Two current sensors are arranged on the two ends of cable splice in 10 ~ 35kV power distribution network, the pulsed current signal that current sensor receives obtains the induced voltage signal at cable splice two ends through difference block process, change digital signal into through A/D converter again, obtain the insulation status data of cable splice through slave computer process.

In order to obtain better technique effect, also have wave filter, denoising is carried out to the induced voltage signal that signal and the difference block of current sensor collection obtain; Also have droop amplifier, amplification process is carried out to filtered signal; Also have communication module and host computer, the cable splice insulation status data that slave computer obtains are sent to host computer by communication module, and host computer collects the insulation status data of all cable splices of circuit, and filters out the cable splice closing on critical value; Described current sensor is rogowski coil; Described rogowski coil comprises magnet ring, wire and sample resistance, magnet ring is the annular of central hollow, magnet ring is wound with wire, the two ends of wire connect sample resistance, the ring cross-section of magnet ring is rectangle, external radius is 40mm, inside radius is 20mm, and sample resistance is 100 Ω, the current sensor of rogowski coil to be working band scope be 100kHz ~ 30MHz; Described communication module is preferably GPRS wireless-transmission network, is carried out the transmission of signal by GPRS wireless-transmission network.

The present invention also provides the method for the On-line Fault monitoring device evaluating system state of cable splice in a kind of 10 ~ 35kV power distribution network, carry out assessment by the centesimal evaluation criteria of cable splice insulation status to cable to judge to provide reference frame to the maintenance of cable, its step comprises:

(1), when shelf depreciation occurs at cable intermediate joint place, after the current sensor at joint two ends obtains induced signal, two induced signals obtained are subtracted each other rear acquisition induced voltage;

(2), adopt existing electronic module to form modulate circuit, GPRS wireless-transmission network and digital filter, the reliable voltage gathered processed, transmits, analyze and further denoising Processing.

(3), utilize the digital signal that obtains, obtain the condition test data influence factor, in conjunction with the weights W in family's mass defect factor, poor environment factor of influence and cable splice post ewith the related coefficient k of each factor, by formula r=kr 0p 1p 2w ecarry out scoring process, thus judge the insulation status of cable intermediate joint, the value of r is between 0 ~ 100.

The described condition test data influence factor, for carrying out several tests to cable splice, if mark to each test, and is weighted process by the importance of pilot project, just can obtains the score value of a compbined test, that is:

r 0 = Σ i = 1 m i F i N i ÷ Σ i = 1 m i N i ;

Wherein, F irepresent pilot project scoring, N irepresent the weighting of this pilot project;

The described family mass defect factor, the technique made for cable splice and the difference of electric pressure, cause the condition evaluation results of insulation also different, and therefore, the cable splice family mass defect factor is also the importance affecting cable splice insulation assessment.But the differences such as the close and distant relation of the character of defect, family, effect is also different, is expressed as:

p 1 = Σ j = 1 m j F j N j ÷ ( Σ j = 1 m j N j × 100 ) ) ;

Wherein, F jrepresent family's defect record scoring, N jbe expressed as family's defect weight, m jrepresent family's defect head station number of times, n represents that the number of times standards of grading that identical defect repeats are centesimal system;

Described poor environment factor of influence, bad running environment also can threaten to cable splice, in insulation assessment, also must consider whether there is bad running environment record, be expressed as:

p 2 = Σ i = 1 m k n ki ;

Wherein, n krepresent the scoring of poor environment record, according to the size of poor environment to cable splice state of insulation potential impact, can change between 0 to 1, m krepresent the frequency of poor environment.

The advantage of the partial discharge monitoring of the system that the present invention adopts and current cable splice has following 4 points:

(1) Sensor section have employed two rogowski coils and carries out high-frequency electromagnetic coupling, gather the pulse signal of shelf depreciation respectively, for the local discharge signal difference processing of cable splice provides possibility, signal can not only undistorted amplification partial discharge pulse signal after difference processing, and effectively can shield the undesired signal invaded from the external world, effectively inhibit on-the-spot interference.

(2) modulate circuit of system and transmission system are for the faint pulse signal collected by sensor, carry out filtering targetedly and amplify process, realizing the undistorted amplification collect and transmit of signal in the effective band of pulse signal.

(3) based on the feature of partial discharge pulse's signal, adopt the theory of wavelet transformation of latest developments to devise multi-sampling rate wave filter, utilize modern signal processing technology to the further denoising of signal.

(4) based on this thinking of state estimation, propose the insulation assessment centesimal system standard for cable splice, the repair based on condition of component for cable splice provides with reference to thinking.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is system hardware apparatus schematic diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the scheme of installation of measurement sensing device of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the measurement structure principle chart of measuring coil of the present invention;

Fig. 4 is the principle schematic of the present invention when intermediate head generation shelf depreciation;

Fig. 5 is the principle schematic of the present invention when shelf depreciation occurs outward in intermediate head;

Fig. 6 is the AD844 chip internal structure schematic diagram that the present invention uses;

Fig. 7 is the Max125 chip internal structure schematic diagram that the present invention uses.

Embodiment

Content of the present invention is explained in detail further below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.

Embodiment 1

An On-line Fault monitoring device for cable splice in 10 ~ 35kV power distribution network, comprises two current sensors, difference block, wave filter, droop amplifier, A/D converter, slave computer, communication module, host computer and power modules;

Described current sensor, is arranged on the cable 2 at cable splice 1 two ends, and obtains the pulse signal of cable splice 1 shelf depreciation; Described current sensor 3 is preferably rogowski coil; Described rogowski coil comprises magnet ring 31, wire 32 and sample resistance 33, magnet ring 31 is the annular of central hollow, magnet ring 31 is wound with wire 32, the two ends of wire 32 connect sample resistance 33, the ring cross-section of magnet ring 31 is rectangle, external radius is 40mm, inside radius is 20mm, material is elected as nickel-zinc ferrite NiZn-200, the polyester-imide enamel insulated round copper wire that temperature classification is F, diameter is 1mm, model is QZY-1 elected as by wire 32, sample resistance 33 is 100 Ω, the current sensor of rogowski coil to be working band scope be 100kHz ~ 30MHz;

Described difference block 4 is voltage comparator, two pulse signals that current sensor exports is subtracted each other the induced voltage at rear acquisition cable splice two ends;

Described wave filter, carries out denoising to the induced voltage signal that signal and the difference block of current sensor collection obtain;

Described droop amplifier, carries out amplification process to filtered signal;

Described A/D converter, is converted to digital signal to filtered signal;

Described slave computer, compares the digital signal of acquisition with preset value, judges the insulation status of cable splice;

Described communication module is preferably GPRS wireless-transmission network, is carried out the transmission of signal by GPRS wireless-transmission network;

Described host computer, the cable splice insulation status data that slave computer obtains are sent to host computer by communication module, and host computer collects the insulation status data of all cable splices of circuit, and filters out the cable splice closing on critical value;

Described power module, in 10 ~ 35kV power distribution network, the On-line Fault monitoring device of cable splice provides power supply;

Two current sensors are arranged on the two ends of cable splice in 10 ~ 35kV power distribution network, the pulsed current signal that current sensor receives obtains the induced voltage signal at cable splice two ends through difference block process, change digital signal into through A/D converter again, obtain the insulation status data of cable splice through slave computer process.

Embodiment 2

The present invention also provides the On-line Fault monitoring and assessing method of cable splice in a kind of 10 ~ 35kV power distribution network, and carry out assessment by the centesimal evaluation criteria of cable splice insulation status to cable and judge to provide reference frame to the maintenance of cable, its step comprises:

(1), when shelf depreciation occurs at cable intermediate joint place, after the current sensor at joint two ends obtains induced signal, two induced signals obtained are subtracted each other rear acquisition induced voltage;

(2), adopt existing electronic module to form modulate circuit, GPRS wireless-transmission network and digital filter, the reliable voltage gathered processed, transmits, analyze and further denoising Processing.

(3), utilize the digital signal that obtains, obtain the condition test data influence factor, in conjunction with the weights W in family's mass defect factor, poor environment factor of influence and cable splice post ewith the related coefficient k of each factor, by formula r=kr 0p 1p 2w ecarry out scoring process, thus judge the insulation status of cable intermediate joint.

Several tests are carried out to cable splice, if mark to each test, and are weighted process by the importance of pilot project, just can obtain the score value of a compbined test, i.e. the condition test data influence factor:

r 0 = Σ i = 1 m i F i N i ÷ Σ i = 1 m i N i ;

Wherein, F irepresent pilot project scoring, N irepresent the weighting of this pilot project.And for insulation assessment, qualified and underproof evaluation system is broken for the evaluation of pilot project, take centesimal system to be necessary completely, such as when doing measurement of partial discharge, the cable running 10 years is slowly increased to 100pC year by year, compare with only having run 1 year and just reach 100pC, obvious state of insulation is not identical, but as thinking routinely sees that result but can be, or qualified, defective, therefore, in order to distinguish difference, can consider to introduce centesimal system.And in concrete scoring operation, also should need to consider the following aspects: (1) basic boundary value.Except the trial value provided in current " preventive trial code " stands good, also need the value increasing factory-said value, periodic plan inspection and repair shop obtains, varied for cable splice detection method especially, also should set up special database for its singularity.(2) aging evaluation.Theoretically, the trial value of reflection running status, but may be different unlike the speed of body aging always in aging.Similar state magnitude is obviously departed from for those, should be defined as extraordinary aging.(3) forecast of quantity of state.Namely according to historical values, the numerical value that before detecting by the forecast of certain rule, quantity of state reaches next time.(4) determination of weights.The value of weight should experimentally project be determined the accuracy of reflection state and importance.

Same, the technique made due to cable splice and the difference of electric pressure, cause the condition evaluation results of insulation also different, and therefore, the cable splice family mass defect factor is also the importance affecting cable splice insulation assessment.But the differences such as the close and distant relation of the character of defect, family, effect is also different, and therefore, family's mass defect factor can be expressed as:

p 1 = Σ j = 1 m j F j N j ÷ ( Σ j = 1 m j N j × 100 ) ) ;

Wherein, F jrepresent family's defect record scoring, N jbe expressed as family's defect weight, m jrepresent family's defect head station number of times, n represents that the number of times standards of grading that identical defect repeats are centesimal system.Each weight coefficient can be obtained by upper formula in conjunction with the data of dispatching from the factory of cable splice, the historical data of on-line monitoring system, above-mentioned testing regulations, thus draw the mark of follow-up cable on this basis.

Bad running environment also can threaten to cable splice, in insulation assessment, also must consider whether there is bad running environment record.Therefore poor environment factor of influence can be expressed as:

p 2 = Σ i = 1 m k n ki ;

Wherein, n krepresent the scoring of poor environment record, according to the size of poor environment to cable splice state of insulation potential impact, can change between 0 to 1, m krepresent the frequency of poor environment.Same, after obtaining weight coefficient according to the Monitoring Data of environment, the historical data of on-line monitoring system, above-mentioned testing regulations, draw the factor of influence scoring of bad running environment in conjunction with formula.

Therefore, the weights W in cable splice post is considered by upper factor of influence eand the related coefficient k of each factor, obtain a total score value of cable splice:

r=kr 0p 1p 2W e

Wherein, can make the value of r between 0 ~ 100 by the change of k, and this system is had flexibly can handling and extendability.

Any 10kV cable splice of power distribution network all adopts based on high-frequency electromagnetic coupling principle, adopt two rogowski coil composition current transformers, gather the pulse signal from shelf depreciation, carry out carrying out on-line monitoring to the shelf depreciation at cable splice place, obtain local discharge signal clearly; In power distribution network, each 10kV cable splice adopts identical current sensor and difference block to obtain reliable collection signal.

When cable splice generation shelf depreciation, send local discharge signal 11, as shown in Figure 4.External interference signal 0 is at current transformer, and the interference voltage signal produced on 3 is respectively U g1, U g2, local discharge signal is at current transformer, and the effective voltage signal produced on 3 is respectively U j1, U j2, current transformer, the output voltage 31,32 of 3 is respectively U i1, U i2, then

U i1=U j1+U g1

U i2=-U j2+U g2

Therefore, the output voltage 41 obtained after difference block 4 processes is:

U 0=U i1-U i2=(U j1+U j2)+(U g1-U g2)。

Because cable connector is relative to very short whole piece circuit, sensor can be regarded as and senses pulse signal simultaneously, and the decay in intermediate head of pulse signal and undesired signal can be ignored, i.e. U j1=U j2, U g1=U g2, therefore, output voltage U 0become U 0=2U j1.From upper deriving analysis, when local discharge signal occurs in cable insulation inside, this system schema can effectively prevent interference from invading in the middle of detection signal.

And when extraneous generation shelf depreciation, send external interference signal 0, be illustrated in fig. 5 shown below.In like manner can obtain current transformer, the output voltage 301,302 of 3 is respectively U i1, U i2:

U i1=-U j1+U g1

U i2=-U j2+U g2

And due to U j1=U j2, U g1=U g2, the output voltage 401 at this moment obtained after difference block 4 processes is U 0=0.

Therefore, when there is shelf depreciation outward in cable intermediate joint, after the current sensor at joint two ends obtains induced signal, by offsetting after difference block computing, thus the possibility of the outer shelf depreciation of eliminating cable splice, outside undesired signal is effectively suppressed, improves the sensitivity of this device butt junction shelf depreciation; In power distribution network, each 10kV cable splice adopts the identical points-scoring system based on weighting coefficient to process the numerical information obtained, thus judges the state of insulation of cable splice.

Sensor section mainly realizes when cable splice generation shelf depreciation, the pulsed current signal of real also measure local electric discharge, and is converted into voltage signal, for next step signal condition provides signal to originate.And in order to can also measure local discharge signal really, the current sensor of system needs to be arranged on differential amplification joint realizing the signal measured, and the electromagnetic interference (EMI) had to external world has good shielding.The present invention, from the difference measurement principle of local discharge signal, proposes the measurement scheme of carrying out Difference Calculation at the two ends ranging pulse signal of cable splice, and system just can be suppressed scene interference in measure portion.Consider that shelf depreciation high-frequency pulse signal is fainter simultaneously, and general current sensor all designs for measure high pulse current, therefore, based on the principle of work of rogowski coil, in conjunction with the designing requirement of measuring high-frequency signal, the coil section devising rogowski coil is rectangle, be operated under integrating state, external radius is 40mm, inside radius is 20mm, and thickness is 20mm, working band scope is 100kHz ~ 30MHz and sample resistance is the rogowski coil current sensor of 100 Ω.

Signal conditioning circuit needs the voltage signal of the μ V level realizing being gone out by sensor measurement to amplify, and need decay and filtering from the undesired signal of mV level, simultaneously in conjunction with the feature of shelf depreciation high-frequency pulse signal, design adopts AD844 chip to realize filtering and the amplifying circuit of high-frequency low-noise in effective frequency range, and in order to reach the undistorted of signals collecting, selected Max125 chip, its chip internal structure schematic diagram as shown in the figure.

Wireless-transmission network have employed GPRS Radio Transmission Technology as transmission path, uses post Tang MD-309G, significantly reduces user's DTU purchase cost and integrated cost, takes into account stability and the reliability of technical grade DTU product simultaneously.MD-309G cost performance is high, interface is abundanter, Integrated Simulation mode is more diversified, carries out communication with host computer, meets the requirement of on-line monitoring real-time.Cross-Linked Polythene Cable Joints partial discharge monitoring of the present invention and status assessing system ultimate principle are:

(1), system is divided into off line data analysis and on-line monitoring two parts, and off line data analysis mainly based on the comparative analysis of the historical data gathered, judges the insulation status of cable splice.

(2), the data acquisition of on-line monitoring mainly based on high-frequency electromagnetic coupling principle, adopt the specially designed current sensor of two rogowski coils compositions to realize, and improve the reliability of collection signal by difference algorithm.

(3), the signal of system acquisition realizes distortionless filter and amplification by utilizing the modulate circuit of existing AD844 chip and Max125 chip composition, and transfers to host computer by wireless-transmission network.

(4), the host computer of system adopts the data of digital filter to transmission based on Principle of Wavelet to carry out further de-noising, and adopts the scoring of weighting coefficient to carry out Treatment Analysis to data, reaches a conclusion.If the not super threshold value arranged, be then stored as historical data, conveniently inquire about contrast; If exceed the threshold value of setting, then store and report to the police, reminding related personnel to carry out the process of this cable splice.Thus realize the insulation status judging cable splice.

(5), the methods of marking of the state evaluation of system based on the status information of cable splice, a preliminary evaluation is made, as a reference to cable splice Condition assessment of insulation, for the arrangement of maintenance provides a foundation to state.Wherein, status information can be divided into again following three aspects: condition test data, bad running environment record and family's Quality Deficiency Record, and the scale of these data can be passed judgment on see corresponding national standard GB/T3048.12-2007 " electric wire electrical performance test method " and DL596-2005 " preventive trial code ".These three aspects just constitute three main factors of influence of evaluating system.Because cable splice is from being aged to breakdown process the varied and mutual cross influence of quantity of state drawing change, status assessing system is unpractical as illustrated which kind of defect cable splice will exist accurately, and have a close standard to make the insulation of cable splice assess, this status assessing system so studied carries out necessary specification with regard to needing, a kind of state of insulation of standards of grading to cable splice divided from 0-100 of native system is assessed, as shown in table 1 below.

Table 1 cable splice state and standards of grading

Claims (10)

1. the On-line Fault monitoring device of cable splice in 10 ~ 35kV power distribution network, comprises two current sensors, difference block, A/D converter, slave computer and power modules; It is characterized in that:
Described current sensor, is arranged on the two ends of cable splice, and obtains the pulse signal of cable splice shelf depreciation;
Described difference block is voltage comparator, two pulse signals that current sensor exports is subtracted each other the induced voltage at rear acquisition cable splice two ends;
Described A/D converter, is converted to digital signal to filtered signal;
Described slave computer, compares the digital signal of acquisition with preset value, judge the insulation status of cable splice;
Described power module, in 10 ~ 35kV power distribution network, the On-line Fault monitoring device of cable splice provides power supply;
Two current sensors are arranged on the two ends of cable splice in 10 ~ 35kV power distribution network, the pulsed current signal that current sensor receives obtains the induced voltage signal at cable splice two ends through difference block process, change digital signal into through A/D converter again, obtain the insulation status data of cable splice through slave computer process.
2. the On-line Fault monitoring device of cable splice in 10 ~ 35kV power distribution network as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, also has wave filter, carries out denoising to the induced voltage signal that signal and the difference block of current sensor collection obtain.
3. the On-line Fault monitoring device of cable splice in 10 ~ 35kV power distribution network as claimed in claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that, also has droop amplifier, carries out amplifications process filtered signal.
4. the On-line Fault monitoring device of cable splice in 10 ~ 35kV power distribution network as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that, also have communication module and host computer, the cable splice insulation status data that slave computer obtains are sent to host computer by communication module, host computer collects the insulation status data of all cable splices of circuit, and filters out the cable splice closing on critical value.
5. the On-line Fault monitoring device of cable splice in 10 ~ 35kV power distribution network as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that, described current sensor is rogowski coil.
6. the On-line Fault monitoring device of cable splice in 10 ~ 35kV power distribution network as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that, described rogowski coil comprises magnet ring, wire and sample resistance, magnet ring is the annular of central hollow, and magnet ring is wound with wire, and the two ends of wire connect sample resistance, the ring cross-section of magnet ring is rectangle, external radius is 40mm, inside radius is 20mm, and sample resistance is 100 Ω, the current sensor of rogowski coil to be working band scope be 100kHz ~ 30MHz.
7. a method for claim 1-6 arbitrary device evaluating system state, carry out assessment by the centesimal evaluation criteria of cable splice insulation status to cable and judge to provide reference frame to the maintenance of cable, its step comprises:
(1), when shelf depreciation occurs at cable intermediate joint place, after the current sensor at joint two ends obtains induced signal, two induced signals obtained are subtracted each other rear acquisition induced voltage;
(2), adopt existing electronic module to form modulate circuit, GPRS wireless-transmission network and digital filter, the reliable voltage gathered processed, transmits, analyze and further denoising Processing;
(3), utilize the digital signal that obtains, obtain the condition test data influence factor, in conjunction with the weights W in family's mass defect factor, poor environment factor of influence and cable splice post ewith the related coefficient k of each factor, by formula r=kr 0p 1p 2w ecarry out scoring process, thus judge the insulation status of cable intermediate joint, the value of r is between 0 ~ 100.
8. the method for described evaluating system state as claimed in claim 7, it is characterized in that, the described condition test data influence factor, for carrying out several tests to cable splice, if mark to each test, and be weighted process by the importance of pilot project, just can obtain the score value of a compbined test, that is:
r 0 = Σ i = 1 m i F i N i ÷ Σ i = 1 m i N i ;
Wherein, F irepresent pilot project scoring, N irepresent the weighting of this pilot project.
9. the method for described evaluating system state as claimed in claim 7, it is characterized in that, the described family mass defect factor, the technique made for cable splice and the difference of electric pressure, cause the condition evaluation results of insulation also different, therefore, the cable splice family mass defect factor is also the importance affecting cable splice insulation assessment.But the differences such as the close and distant relation of the character of defect, family, effect is also different, is expressed as:
p 1 = Σ j = 1 m j F j N j ÷ ( Σ j = 1 m j N j × 100 ) ) ;
Wherein, F jrepresent family's defect record scoring, N jbe expressed as family's defect weight, m jrepresent family's defect head station number of times, n represents that the number of times standards of grading that identical defect repeats are centesimal system.
10. the method for described evaluating system state as claimed in claim 7, it is characterized in that, described poor environment factor of influence, bad running environment also can threaten to cable splice, in insulation assessment, also must consider whether there is bad running environment record, be expressed as:
p 2 = Σ i = 1 m k n ki ;
Wherein, n krepresent the scoring of poor environment record, according to the size of poor environment to cable splice state of insulation potential impact, can change between 0 to 1, m krepresent the frequency of poor environment.
CN201410735143.7A 2014-12-04 2014-12-04 Online fault monitoring device for cable connector in 10-35kV power distribution network and method for evaluating system state CN104407270A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410735143.7A CN104407270A (en) 2014-12-04 2014-12-04 Online fault monitoring device for cable connector in 10-35kV power distribution network and method for evaluating system state

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410735143.7A CN104407270A (en) 2014-12-04 2014-12-04 Online fault monitoring device for cable connector in 10-35kV power distribution network and method for evaluating system state

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104407270A true CN104407270A (en) 2015-03-11

Family

ID=52644915

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410735143.7A CN104407270A (en) 2014-12-04 2014-12-04 Online fault monitoring device for cable connector in 10-35kV power distribution network and method for evaluating system state

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104407270A (en)

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104698355A (en) * 2015-03-20 2015-06-10 成都吉普斯能源科技有限公司 On-line diagnosing method of high-voltage cable partial discharge
CN105372569A (en) * 2015-12-05 2016-03-02 国网浙江省电力公司丽水供电公司 Cable joint insulation state online monitoring apparatus and monitoring method
CN105866648A (en) * 2016-06-24 2016-08-17 国网河南长葛市供电公司 Insulation detecting system for power transmission cables
CN106291223A (en) * 2016-08-11 2017-01-04 国网新疆电力公司信息通信公司 A kind of communication cable security maintenance service system
CN107490715A (en) * 2016-06-10 2017-12-19 亚德诺半导体集团 The method of current sensor and manufacture current sensor
CN107576880A (en) * 2017-09-21 2018-01-12 哈尔滨理工大学 A kind of Power System Shortcuts current detecting identifier
CN108037376A (en) * 2017-12-06 2018-05-15 国网山东省电力公司威海供电公司 A kind of power distribution network cable connector electric field strength detection device
CN108089086A (en) * 2017-12-06 2018-05-29 国网山东省电力公司威海供电公司 A kind of power distribution network cable and junction malfunction diagnostic device and diagnostic method
CN108693448A (en) * 2018-03-28 2018-10-23 西安博源电气有限公司 One kind being applied to power equipment PD Pattern Recognition system
CN109324236A (en) * 2018-09-29 2019-02-12 国网山西省电力公司太原供电公司 A kind of assessment of fault method based on cable connector typical defect
CN110567526A (en) * 2019-09-16 2019-12-13 国网河北省电力有限公司电力科学研究院 Cable lead sealing accessory comprehensive detection device and detection method
CN110726909A (en) * 2019-11-03 2020-01-24 西南交通大学 Method for monitoring and judging moisture degree of power distribution network cable intermediate joint
CN111537851A (en) * 2020-05-22 2020-08-14 刘莹雪 Cable monitoring system based on Internet of things

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN87204152U (en) * 1987-04-23 1987-12-30 杨继保 Double-current transducer type earthometer for winding inside slot of core
CN101819244A (en) * 2010-05-05 2010-09-01 淄博文广电气有限公司 On-line early warning method of failure of cross-linked polyethylene power cable
CN102313861A (en) * 2011-08-30 2012-01-11 河南省电力公司南阳供电公司 Field detection system for detecting partial discharge of cable and joint
CN103487727A (en) * 2013-06-21 2014-01-01 深圳供电局有限公司 Method for locating breakdowns of high-voltage power cable outer sheath on line
CN204256093U (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-04-08 国家电网公司 The On-line Fault monitoring device of cable splice in a kind of 10 ~ 35kV power distribution network

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN87204152U (en) * 1987-04-23 1987-12-30 杨继保 Double-current transducer type earthometer for winding inside slot of core
CN101819244A (en) * 2010-05-05 2010-09-01 淄博文广电气有限公司 On-line early warning method of failure of cross-linked polyethylene power cable
CN102313861A (en) * 2011-08-30 2012-01-11 河南省电力公司南阳供电公司 Field detection system for detecting partial discharge of cable and joint
CN103487727A (en) * 2013-06-21 2014-01-01 深圳供电局有限公司 Method for locating breakdowns of high-voltage power cable outer sheath on line
CN204256093U (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-04-08 国家电网公司 The On-line Fault monitoring device of cable splice in a kind of 10 ~ 35kV power distribution network

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
帅一: "交联聚乙烯电缆接头局部放电在线监测与状态评估系统研究", 《中国优秀硕士学位论文全文数据库 工程科技II辑》 *

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104698355A (en) * 2015-03-20 2015-06-10 成都吉普斯能源科技有限公司 On-line diagnosing method of high-voltage cable partial discharge
CN105372569A (en) * 2015-12-05 2016-03-02 国网浙江省电力公司丽水供电公司 Cable joint insulation state online monitoring apparatus and monitoring method
CN107490715B (en) * 2016-06-10 2020-06-19 亚德诺半导体集团 Current sensor and method for manufacturing current sensor
CN107490715A (en) * 2016-06-10 2017-12-19 亚德诺半导体集团 The method of current sensor and manufacture current sensor
CN105866648A (en) * 2016-06-24 2016-08-17 国网河南长葛市供电公司 Insulation detecting system for power transmission cables
CN106291223A (en) * 2016-08-11 2017-01-04 国网新疆电力公司信息通信公司 A kind of communication cable security maintenance service system
CN107576880A (en) * 2017-09-21 2018-01-12 哈尔滨理工大学 A kind of Power System Shortcuts current detecting identifier
CN108037376A (en) * 2017-12-06 2018-05-15 国网山东省电力公司威海供电公司 A kind of power distribution network cable connector electric field strength detection device
CN108089086A (en) * 2017-12-06 2018-05-29 国网山东省电力公司威海供电公司 A kind of power distribution network cable and junction malfunction diagnostic device and diagnostic method
CN108089086B (en) * 2017-12-06 2019-09-03 国网山东省电力公司威海供电公司 A kind of power distribution network cable and junction malfunction diagnostic device and diagnostic method
CN108693448A (en) * 2018-03-28 2018-10-23 西安博源电气有限公司 One kind being applied to power equipment PD Pattern Recognition system
CN108693448B (en) * 2018-03-28 2020-11-13 西安博源电气有限公司 Partial discharge mode recognition system applied to power equipment
CN109324236A (en) * 2018-09-29 2019-02-12 国网山西省电力公司太原供电公司 A kind of assessment of fault method based on cable connector typical defect
CN110567526A (en) * 2019-09-16 2019-12-13 国网河北省电力有限公司电力科学研究院 Cable lead sealing accessory comprehensive detection device and detection method
CN110726909A (en) * 2019-11-03 2020-01-24 西南交通大学 Method for monitoring and judging moisture degree of power distribution network cable intermediate joint
CN110726909B (en) * 2019-11-03 2020-07-28 西南交通大学 Method for monitoring and judging moisture degree of power distribution network cable intermediate joint
CN111537851A (en) * 2020-05-22 2020-08-14 刘莹雪 Cable monitoring system based on Internet of things
CN111537851B (en) * 2020-05-22 2020-12-08 国网江苏省电力有限公司苏州供电分公司 Cable monitoring system based on Internet of things

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN106501690B (en) A kind of XLPE power cable partial discharge diagnostic method and system
Stone Partial discharge diagnostics and electrical equipment insulation condition assessment
Huang et al. High-impedance fault detection utilizing a Morlet wavelet transform approach
CN101907437B (en) Wavelet difference algorithm-based cable fault localization method
CN102735968B (en) GIS (Geographic Information System) fault diagnosis system and method based on vibration signal spectrum analysis
CN101701995B (en) Impulse response analytical test apparatus and method for detecting deformation of transformer winding
US9046563B2 (en) Arcing event detection
CN102841296B (en) Online monitoring system and method for partial discharge of intelligent switch cabinet based on ultra-high frequency detection
WO2015117304A1 (en) System for online monitoring of zinc oxide arrester and method thereof
CN101881802B (en) Dry type hollow reactor interturn short circuit fault on-line real-time detection method
CN104198929A (en) Detection device and detection method for outdoor high voltage isolator
CN103197218B (en) A kind of high-voltage cable insulation defect partial discharge electrification detection diagnostic method
CN102103183B (en) Partial discharge measurement device under impulse voltage on site and signal processing method thereof
WO2014135015A1 (en) Network for online monitoring of power transformer at intelligent substation
Hashmi et al. Modeling and experimental verification of on-line PD detection in MV covered-conductor overhead networks
CN102298107A (en) Portable ultrasonic wave and cloud detection apparatus for partial discharge
CN105629100B (en) GIS mechanical defect diagnostic system and method based on abnormal vibrations analysis
CN103926514B (en) High voltage equipment insulation diagnostic method under a kind of charging operation state
CN104714155A (en) Detection and evaluation device and method for partial discharge of direct current XLPE cables
Abdel-Galil et al. De-noising of partial discharge signal using eigen-decomposition technique
CN103499382B (en) A kind ofly to merge and the Diagnosis Method of Transformer Faults of image recognition based on vibration data
CN104215842B (en) A kind of transformer online monitoring system based on sleeve pipe
CN105277857B (en) A kind of bushing shell for transformer of monitoring on-line makes moist the method for defect
CN101603994A (en) A kind of on-line monitoring device of metallic oxide arrester
CN105606975B (en) A kind of orientable superfrequency cable local discharge detection method and device

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20150311

WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication