CN104404323A - 7xxx aluminium alloy hot-top casting process and aluminium alloy prepared by adopting same - Google Patents

7xxx aluminium alloy hot-top casting process and aluminium alloy prepared by adopting same Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104404323A
CN104404323A CN201410762703.8A CN201410762703A CN104404323A CN 104404323 A CN104404323 A CN 104404323A CN 201410762703 A CN201410762703 A CN 201410762703A CN 104404323 A CN104404323 A CN 104404323A
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source
casting
aluminium alloy
melting
7xxx
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刁文武
姚勇
王剑
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Southwest Aluminum Group Co Ltd
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Southwest Aluminum Group Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410762703.8A priority Critical patent/CN104404323A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22DCASTING OF METALS; CASTING OF OTHER SUBSTANCES BY THE SAME PROCESSES OR DEVICES
    • B22D11/00Continuous casting of metals, i.e. casting in indefinite lengths
    • B22D11/001Continuous casting of metals, i.e. casting in indefinite lengths of specific alloys
    • B22D11/003Aluminium alloys
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22CALLOYS
    • C22C1/00Making alloys
    • C22C1/02Making alloys by melting
    • C22C1/026Alloys based on aluminium
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22CALLOYS
    • C22C21/00Alloys based on aluminium
    • C22C21/10Alloys based on aluminium with zinc as the next major constituent

Abstract

The invention provides a 7xxx aluminium alloy hot-top casting process which comprises the following steps: (A), smelting a Cu source, a Mn source, a Mg source, a Cr source, a Zn source, a Ti source, a Be source, a Zr source and a Al source to obtain a smelted material; (B) sequentially performing on-line refining, on-line degassing and on-line filtering on the smelted material obtained in the step (A) to obtain an on-line processed product; (C) casting the on-line processed product obtained in the step (B) to obtain a 7xxx aluminium alloy, wherein the casting speed is 15-25 mm/min, and the 7xxx aluminium alloy comprises the following components in percentage by weight: 0-2.6 percent of Cu, 0-0.6 percent of Mn, 1.1-3.0 percent of Mg, 0-0.3 percent of Cr, 4.4-8 percent of Zn, 0-0.06 percent of Ti, 0-0.0009 percent of Be, 0-0.25 percent of Zr, and the balance of Al. The invention provides the 7xxx aluminium alloy.

Description

A kind of hot direct casting fabrication technique of 7xxx aluminium alloy and aluminium alloy thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of metal, particularly relate to a kind of hot direct casting fabrication technique and aluminium alloy thereof of 7xxx aluminium alloy.
Background technology
Aluminium alloy take aluminium as the alloy assembly of matrix element, and the alloying element mainly comprised, by copper, silicon, magnesium, zinc, manganese, also comprises the alloying elements such as nickel, iron, titanium, chromium, lithium.The density of aluminium alloy is low, but strength ratio is higher, close to or exceed high-quality steel, plasticity is good, various section bar can be processed into, have excellent electroconductibility, thermal conductivity and corrosion stability, be a most widely used class nonferrous materials in Aeronautics and Astronautics, automobile, machinofacture, boats and ships and chemical industry, its usage quantity is only second to steel.
The aluminium alloy of usual more than yield strength 500MPa is called as ultrahigh-strength aluminum alloy, they are main heat-treatable strengthened aluminium alloy with AL-Zn-Mg-Cu system and Al-Zn-Mg, since the middle of last century, in order to improve the mechanical property of Al-Zn-Mg line aluminium alloy, and solve the serious stress corrosion problem existed in high zinc, high-magnesium aluminum alloy, in such aluminium alloy, add the elements such as Cu, Cr, Mn abroad, thereby produce a series of new A L-Zn-Mg-Cu super-hard aluminum alloys.Because it has high specific tenacity and hardness, good hot workability, excellent welding property, high fracture toughness, and the advantage such as high anti-stress-corrosion ability and be widely used in aerospace field, and become one of material important in this field.
But the flaw detection qualification rate of existing 7xxx aluminium alloy conventional cast ingot blank is lower, is only about 80%, overall production cost is caused to improve.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of hot direct casting fabrication technique and aluminium alloy thereof of 7xxx aluminium alloy, the flaw detection qualification rate of the casting ingot blank of the 7xxx aluminium alloy that hot direct casting fabrication technique provided by the invention manufactures is higher, can reach 97 ~ 99%.
The invention provides a kind of hot direct casting fabrication technique of 7xxx aluminium alloy, comprise the following steps:
A) by Cu source, Mn source, Mg source, Cr source, Zn source, melting is carried out in Ti source, Be source, Zr source and Al source, obtains melting thing;
B) by described steps A) the melting thing that obtains carries out online degasification, on-line filtration and at line thinning successively, obtains online treatment product;
C) by described step B) the online treatment product that obtains casts, and obtains 7xxx aluminium alloy; The speed of described casting is 15 ~ 25mm/min;
Described 7xxx aluminium alloy comprises the component of following massfraction: the Cu of 0 ~ 2.6%, the Mn of 0 ~ 0.6%, the Mg of 1.1 ~ 3.0%, the Cr element of 0 ~ 0.3%, the Zn of 4.4 ~ 8%, the Be of Ti, 0-0.0009%, the Zr of 0 ~ 0.25% of 0 ~ 0.06% and the Al of surplus.
Preferably, the temperature of described melting furnace gas is 800 ~ 1050 DEG C.
Preferably, described steps A) specifically comprise the following steps:
By Cu source, Mn source, Cr source, Zn source, melting is carried out in Ti source, Zr source and Al source, after melt all melts, adds Mg source and Be source, carries out melting, obtain melting thing.
Preferably, the temperature of described online degasification is 715 ~ 725 DEG C;
The gas flow rate of described online degasification is 25 ~ 35L/min.
Preferably, describedly Al-5Ti-B silk is adopted to carry out at line thinning.
Preferably, the speed of described casting is 18 ~ 22mm/min.
Preferably, the temperature of described casting is 730 ~ 760 DEG C.
Preferably, in described castingprocesses, the flow of water coolant is 14 ~ 30m 3/ h.
Preferably, when the length of described casting is between 0mm ~ 300mm, in described castingprocesses, the flow of water coolant is 14 ~ 16m 3/ h;
As the length > 300mm of described casting, by the flow of water coolant in described castingprocesses with (1m 3/ h)/50mm speed increase, until the flow of described water coolant reaches 28 ~ 30m 3/ h.
The 7xxx aluminium alloy that the present invention also provides the hot direct casting fabrication technique as described in technique scheme obtained.
The invention provides a kind of hot direct casting fabrication technique of 7xxx aluminium alloy, comprise the following steps: A) melting is carried out in Cu source, Mn source, Mg source, Cr source, Zn source, Ti source, Be source, Zr source and Al source, obtain melting thing; B) by described steps A) the melting thing that obtains carries out online degasification, on-line filtration and at line thinning successively, obtains online treatment product; C) by described step B) the online treatment product that obtains casts, and obtains 7xxx aluminium alloy; The speed of described casting is 15 ~ 25mm/min; Described 7xxx aluminium alloy comprises the component of following massfraction: the Cu of 0 ~ 2.6%, the Mn of 0 ~ 0.6%, the Mg of 1.1 ~ 3.0%, the Cr element of 0 ~ 0.3%, the Zn of 4.4 ~ 8%, the Be of Ti, 0-0.0009%, the Zr of 0 ~ 0.25% of 0 ~ 0.06% and the Al of surplus.Hot direct casting fabrication technique provided by the invention have employed lower casting speed, to reduce the centre burst tendency of ingot casting, and ingot casting also there will not be Serious Cold every generation transverse crack, improves ingot casting ratio of briquetting, and, the present invention before casting alloy has carried out refinement, and improve inside ingot metallurgical quality, result shows, the flaw detection qualification rate of the 7xxx aluminium alloy adopting hot direct casting fabrication technique provided by the invention to obtain is 97 ~ 99%, and ingot casting grain fineness number is I grade.
Embodiment
The invention provides a kind of hot direct casting fabrication technique of 7xxx aluminium alloy, comprise the following steps: A) melting is carried out in Cu source, Mn source, Mg source, Cr source, Zn source, Ti source, Be source, Zr source and Al source, obtain melting thing; B) by described steps A) the melting thing that obtains carries out online degasification, on-line filtration and at line thinning successively, obtains online treatment product; C) by described step B) the online treatment product that obtains casts, and obtains 7xxx aluminium alloy; The speed of described casting is 15 ~ 25mm/min; Described 7xxx aluminium alloy comprises the component of following massfraction: the Cu of 0 ~ 2.6%, the Mn of 0 ~ 0.6%, the Mg of 1.1 ~ 3.0%, the Cr element of 0 ~ 0.3%, the Zn of 4.4 ~ 8%, the Be of Ti, 0-0.0009%, the Zr of 0 ~ 0.25% of 0 ~ 0.06% and the Al of surplus.
The flaw detection qualification rate of the 7xxx aluminium alloy that hot direct casting fabrication technique provided by the invention obtains is higher, can reach 97 ~ 99%.
Melting is carried out in Cu source, Mn source, Mg source, Cr source, Zn source, Ti source, Be source, Zr source and Al source by the present invention, obtains melting thing; The present invention preferably will carry out described melting in smelting furnace, and the present invention is preferably first sprinkled into No. two solvents by Cu source, Mn source before shove charge in described smelting furnace, Cr source, Zn source, Ti source, Zr source and Al source load in smelting furnace, carry out melting, after softening the staying of melt is flat, in stove, be sprinkled into No. two solvent powder, treat that above-mentioned furnace charge all melts, when melt temperature reaches 720 ~ 740 DEG C, the Mg source added and Be source, add rear employing No. two solvent powder and cover, melting after stirring, obtains melting thing.
When shove charge, should be undertaken in principle by order from small to large, be about to first fill dead small, refill bulk material, be contained at the middle and upper levels simultaneously by master alloy high for fusing point, the metal of easy scaling loss is contained in middle level.
In the present invention, the massfraction of described Cu in raw material used is 0 ~ 2.6%, is more preferably 0 ~ 2.3%, most preferably is 0 ~ 1.8%; The present invention preferably adopts pure Cu plate to carry out described melting, massfraction >=99.95% of Cu in described pure Cu plate.
In the present invention, the massfraction of described Mn in raw material used is 0 ~ 0.6%, is more preferably 0 ~ 0.5%, most preferably is 0 ~ 0.4%; The present invention preferably adopts Al-Mn master alloy to carry out described melting, and in described Al-Mn master alloy, the massfraction of Mn is preferably 14 ~ 16%, is more preferably 15%.
In the present invention, the massfraction of described Cr in raw material used is 0 ~ 0.3%, is preferably 0 ~ 0.2%; The present invention preferably adopts Al-Cr master alloy to carry out described melting, and in described Al-Cr master alloy, the massfraction of Cr is preferably 3 ~ 5%, is more preferably 4%.
In the present invention, the massfraction of described Zn in raw material used is 4.4 ~ 8%, is preferably 5 ~ 7%, is more preferably 5.5 ~ 6.5%; The present invention preferably adopts pure zinc ingot to carry out described melting, and in described pure zinc ingot, the massfraction of Zn preferably >=99.99%.
In the present invention, the massfraction of described Ti in raw material used is 0 ~ 0.06%, is preferably 0 ~ 0.03%; Described Ti can crystal grain thinning and prevent ingot casting crackle, and the present invention preferably adopts Al-Ti master alloy to carry out described melting, and in described Al-Ti master alloy, the massfraction of Ti is preferably 3 ~ 5%, is more preferably 4%.
In the present invention, the massfraction of described Zr in raw material used is 0 ~ 0.25%, is preferably 0 ~ 0.15%; The present invention preferably adopts Al-Zr master alloy to carry out described melting, and in described Al-Zr master alloy, the massfraction of Zr is preferably 3 ~ 5%, is more preferably 4%.
In the present invention, the massfraction of described Mg in raw material used is 1.1 ~ 3.0%, is preferably 1.5 ~ 2.5%; The present invention preferably adopts pure Mg ingot to carry out described melting, and in described pure Mg ingot, the massfraction of Mg preferably >=99.95%.
In the present invention, the massfraction of described Be is 0-0.0009%
In the present invention, the massfraction sum of the massfraction of described Al in raw material used and other components is 100%, and the present invention preferably adopts pure Al ingot to carry out described melting, and in described pure Al ingot, the massfraction of Al preferably >=99.7%.
In the present invention, described No. two solvent powder are commercially available prod, and each usage quantity is preferably 0.5 ~ 2% of above-mentioned raw materials total amount, is more preferably 1%.
In the present invention, described 7xxx alloy comprises the aluminium alloy that the trade mark is 7A04,7A05 aluminium alloy, 7A09 aluminium alloy, 7050 aluminium alloys and 7085 aluminium alloys, the chemical composition contained by the aluminium alloy of the different trade mark and the content of chemical composition different, as, in massfraction, in 7A04 aluminium alloy, the Cu containing 1.7%, the Mg of 0.4%, 2.3% Mg, Cr, the Zn of 6.0% of 0.15%, the Al of the Ti of 0.02 and surplus; In 7A05 aluminium alloy, the Mn containing 0.25%, the Mg of 1.4%, 0.12% Cr, Zn, the Ti of 0.03% of 4.7%, the Al of the Zr of 0.12 and surplus; In 7A09 aluminium alloy, the Al of the Cu containing 1.6%, the Mg of 2.5%, the Cr of 0.22%, the Zn of 5.6% and surplus; In 7050 aluminium alloys, the Cu containing 2.3%, the Mg of 2.3%, Zn, the Ti of 0.02% of 6.2%, the Al of the Zr of 0.12% and surplus; In 7085 aluminium alloys, the Al of the Cu containing 1.7%, the Mg of 1.7%, the Zn of 7.6%, the Zr of 0.12% and surplus.
In the present invention, in described fusion process, the fire box temperature of melting is preferably 800 ~ 1050 DEG C, is more preferably 900 ~ 1000 DEG C, and in described melting, the temperature of melt is preferably 600 ~ 770 DEG C, is more preferably 650 ~ 750 DEG C; The time of described melting is preferably 20 ~ 60min, is more preferably 30 ~ 50min.
After completing described melting, the present invention preferably samples the melt obtained, to analyze bath composition, then carries out corresponding composition adjustment according to the content requirement of above-mentioned each composition, and the method for described adjustment is method well known to those skilled in the art.Concrete, determine whether water down or feed supplement according to censorship result, to water down or feed supplement is carried out according to quantity as follows:
If produce 7A04 aluminium alloy cast ingot length 4200mm, 1 casting 4, consider oxidization burning loss 5%, ingot casting specification Φ 650, this alloy density is 2800kg/m 3, then total charging capacity=π × 0.652/4 × 4.2 × 4 × (1+5%) × 2800 ≈ 17400kg is calculated.
For Cu element, if Cu element on-the-spot sample analysis value is 1.3%, need 1.6% be mended,
Then need Al-Cu master alloy weight=17400 × (the 1.6%-1.3%)/40% ≈ 130kg mending content 40%
If Cu element on-the-spot sample analysis value 2.1%, need water down to 1.9%,
Then need AL99.70 ingot total amount=17400 × (the 2.1%-1.9%)/1.9% ≈ 180kg watered down
Note feed supplement or before watering down, suitably should improve more than melt temperature to 750 DEG C, and the metal added or master alloy should be dry, prevent accidents such as blowing out.
The present invention preferably samples at the middle melt of fire door, and adopts described No. two solvent powder to cover after sampling.
After completing composition adjustment, the present invention preferably adopts refining pipe to carry out argon gas refining in stove, and the time of described refining is preferably 15 ~ 30min, is more preferably 20min, and the temperature of described refining is preferably 730 ~ 750 DEG C, is more preferably 740 DEG C; During described refining, the height of bubble should not more than 80mm.
After completing described refining, melt preferably leaves standstill by the present invention, obtains melting thing, the described standing time preferably >=25min.
After obtaining melting thing, described melting thing is carried out online degasification, on-line filtration and at line thinning by the present invention successively, obtains online treatment product.In the present invention, described online degasification preferably adopts two rotors refinery by de-gassing device, and the flow of described refining gas is preferably 25 ~ 35L/min, is more preferably 30L/min; The temperature of described refining is preferably 715 ~ 725 DEG C, is more preferably 720 DEG C; The rotating speed of described rotor is preferably 290 ~ 310rpm, is more preferably 295 ~ 305rpm.
In the present invention, described on-line filtration preferably adopts single-stage 30ppi ceramic filter plate to filter; Describedly preferably adopt Al-5Ti-B silk at line thinning.
After completing online treatment, the online treatment product obtained is cast by the present invention, obtains 7xxx aluminium alloy, and in the present invention, the speed of described casting is 14 ~ 25mm/min, is preferably 15 ~ 24mm/min; Because there is the hot top insulation of suitably height, therefore, the present invention can adopt very low casting speed to cast, and to reduce centre burst tendency, ingot casting also there will not be Serious Cold every generation transverse crack.The temperature of described casting is preferably 730 ~ 760 DEG C, is more preferably 740 ~ 750 DEG C; In described castingprocesses, the flow of water coolant is preferably 15 ~ 30m 3/ h.In the present invention, at first, described casting speed is preferably 14 ~ 16mm/min, is more preferably 15mm/min in described casting, and described cooling water flow is preferably 14 ~ 16m 3/ h, is more preferably 15m 3/ h; After casting length reaches 300mm, described casting speed is increased with the speed of (1mm/min)/50mm, until described casting speed reaches 24 ~ 26mm/min, is more preferably 25mm/min; The flow of described water coolant is with (1m 3/ h)/50mm, speed increase that (after the length of namely casting reaches 300mm, casting length often increases 50mm, and discharge increases 1m 3/ h), until the flow of described water coolant reaches 28 ~ 30m 3/ h.The present invention adopts the water-cooling method strengthened gradually, and due to one time, water-cooled is more weak, and liquid cave is more shallow, be not easy to produce centre burst ingot casting, secondary water-cooled is strengthened relatively, and speed of cooling improves greatly, make the aluminium alloy cast ingot dense internal organization obtained, improve ingot casting ratio of briquetting and internal metallurgical quality.
The present invention preferably still has when 1/3 at gate part liquid and cuts off the water, and stops, complete described casting when gate part will depart from crystallizer at once.
After completing described casting, the present invention preferably anneals to the ingot casting obtained, and to remove stress, the temperature of described annealing is preferably 350 ~ 450 DEG C, is more preferably 380 ~ 420 DEG C; The time of described annealing is preferably 6 ~ 10 hours, is more preferably 7 ~ 9 hours.
After completing annealing, the present invention preferably carries out aftertreatment to the aluminium alloy cast ingot that described annealing obtains, and described aftertreatment comprises ingot casting sawing, processing and detection, and described aftertreatment can process according to the need of production of reality, and the present invention does not do special restriction.
Present invention also offers a kind of 7xxx aluminium alloy, prepare according to the hot direct casting fabrication technique described in technique scheme.Concrete, the present invention can prepare the 7xxx aluminium alloy that specification is φ 650 according to the technique described in technique scheme.
The present invention is out of shape Al alloys andMg alloys product supersonic testing method according to GB/T 6519-2013 and has carried out carrying out flaw detection to the 7xxx aluminium alloy that the present invention obtains, and result shows, the flaw detection qualification rate of 7xxx aluminium alloy provided by the invention is 97 ~ 99%.
The present invention is out of shape the Al and Alalloy goods microstructure method of inspection according to GB/T 3246.1-2000 and has carried out grain fineness number detection to the 7xxx aluminium alloy that the present invention obtains, and result shows, the grain fineness number of 7xxx aluminium alloy provided by the invention is I grade.
The invention provides a kind of hot direct casting fabrication technique of 7xxx aluminium alloy, comprise the following steps: A) melting is carried out in Cu source, Mn source, Mg source, Cr source, Zn source, Ti source, Be source, Zr source and Al source, obtain melting thing; B) by described steps A) the melting thing that obtains carries out online degasification, on-line filtration and at line thinning successively, obtains online treatment product; C) by described step B) the online treatment product that obtains casts, and obtains 7xxx aluminium alloy; The speed of described casting is 15 ~ 25mm/min; Described 7xxx aluminium alloy comprises the component of following massfraction: the Cu of 0 ~ 2.6%, the Mn of 0 ~ 0.6%, the Mg of 1.1 ~ 3.0%, the Cr element of 0 ~ 0.3%, the Zn of 4.4 ~ 8%, the Be of Ti, 0-0.0009%, the Zr of 0 ~ 0.25% of 0 ~ 0.06% and the Al of surplus.Hot direct casting fabrication technique provided by the invention have employed lower casting speed, to reduce the centre burst tendency of ingot casting, and ingot casting also there will not be Serious Cold every generation transverse crack, improves ingot casting ratio of briquetting, and, the present invention before casting alloy has carried out refinement, and improve inside ingot metallurgical quality, result shows, the flaw detection qualification rate of the 7xxx aluminium alloy adopting hot direct casting fabrication technique provided by the invention to obtain is 97 ~ 99%, and ingot casting grain fineness number is I grade.
In addition, owing to present invention employs the water-cooling method strengthened gradually, one time water-cooled is more weak, and liquid cave is more shallow, is not easy to produce centre burst ingot casting, and secondary water-cooled is strengthened relatively, and speed of cooling improves greatly, dense internal organization; Achieve same level casting owing to eliminating cursory funnel, greatly reduce the macro defects such as oxide film slag inclusion, light crystalline substance, compound, thus drastically increase the present invention's hot direct casting fabrication technique ingot casting ratio of briquetting and internal metallurgical quality.
According to company's alloy forged piece production data statistics, southwestern aluminium melting and casting line 7xxx alloy forged piece Round Billet annual production 3000 tons.If adopt heat top forging type to produce complete, the low power metallurgical imperfection waste products such as slag inclusion, light crystalline substance, compound will greatly reduce; When production has oxide film, loose particular requirement goods at in-line purification Equipments Setting rationally and under purification process normal condition, its oxide film test piece detects qualification rate can reach more than 99%; Produce flaw detection qualification rate when having the particular product of flaw detection requirement and can reach more than 90%.
1, directly create effect, reduce costs:
Produce category-A forging A level flaw detection qualification rate 97% by the hot tip circle ingot of 7xxx alloy to calculate, employing 7xxx alloy hot tip circle ingot production category-A A level flaw detection forging fecund goes out 7xxx alloy finished product forging=7xxx alloy A class A and visits hot tip circle ingot blank throwing forging output × (the hot direct casting of 7xxx alloy is made category-A A and visited forging flaw detection qualification rate-year 7xxx alloy conventional cast category-A A spy forging flaw detection qualification rate)
=222.557 tons × (97%-79.44%)=222.557 × 17.56%=39.081 ton
Forge works 7xxx alloy A class A visits forging process cost 1.2 ten thousand yuan/ton, ingot blank finished product material cost valency 14560+5000 yuan/ton, waste product folding material cost valency 12860 yuan/ton, then the hot direct casting technology for making of 7xxx alloy Ф 650 billet is applied to reduce costs, directly create effect and is:
The forging that=fecund goes out × (forging tooling cost+starting material feed intake cost allowance)
=39.081 tons × (12000+14560+5000-12860) yuan/ton
=730814 yuan of ≈ 730,000 yuan
2, synergy is made profits indirectly
Along with the development of domestic air mail industry, the alloy forged piece market requirement is large, supply falls short of demand, therefore, the hot direct casting technology for making of 7xxx alloy Ф 650 billet is applied, estimate to go out qualified forging=3000 of 7xxx alloy ton × (97%-84.31%)=380.7 ton by fecund every year, indirectly add corporate economy's benefit, 7xxx alloy A level flaw detection forging price is by market average price 60,000 yuan/ton calculating, company's gross profit calculates by 2.8 ten thousand yuan/ton (not eating up part of company management's expense), indirect synergy make profits into:
=380.7 tons × 2.8 ten thousand yuan/ton=1065.96 ten thousand yuan
3, social benefit
The hot direct casting fabrication technique of 7xxx system provided by the invention alloy circle ingot casting, by shorten further China in casting technology with the gap of developed country, can promote in southwestern aluminium forging ingot blank founding unit, promote the use of middle aluminium southwest aluminium circle ingot casting melting and casting line, the high quality ingot casting produced, the domestic eager needs to large aircraft materials will be met, be expected to realize the most of alloy product production domesticization of aeronautical material 7xxx system, reduce 7xxx system aeronautical material high price and purchase production cost abroad, contribute to strengthening and domesticly fly greatly the Products market competitiveness.
In order to further illustrate the present invention, being described in detail below in conjunction with the hot direct casting fabrication technique of embodiment to a kind of 7xxx aluminium alloy provided by the invention, but can not limiting the scope of the present invention being understood as.
In the examples below, starting material used meet following requirement:
Remelted aluminum ingot: Al >=99.7%; Remelting magnesium ingot: Mg >=99.95%; Electrolytic copper: Cu >=99.95%; Zinc ingot metal: Zn >=99.99%; Master alloy: Al-15Mn, Al-4Cr, Al-4Ti, Al-4Zr, Al-3Be: in above-mentioned master alloy, Fe, Si≤0.6%, other≤0.1%.Al-10Fe:Si≤0.6%, other≤0.1%.At line thinning: Al-5Ti-B Φ 9.5mm silk.
Subsidiary material used meet following requirement:
Liquid argon: purity>=99.98%, H 2o≤10ppm, [H 2]≤5ppm, [O 2]≤10ppm; 2# flux: technical grade; On-line filtration: 30ppi ceramic filter plate.
Reasonably combined use low iron sial ingot and one-level waste material own is answered during alloying ingredient, high-precision aluminium ingot consumption >=50%, one-level waste material consumption requires≤30%, requires that starting material surface cleaning is clean during batching, copper, magnesium, zinc element are directly with pure metal batching, and other are prepared burden with master alloy.
Embodiment 1
Production extrusion ingot length 4200mm, ingot casting specification are the 7A04 aluminium alloy of Φ 650.1 casting 4, consider oxidization burning loss 5%, this alloy density is 2800kg/m 3, then total charging capacity=π × 0.652/4 × 4.2 × 4 × (1+5%) × 2800 ≈ 17400kg is calculated.
The 2# solvent powder of 40kg is evenly sprinkled in smelting furnace, then pure for 296kg Cu plate, 464kgAl-Mn master alloy, 653kgAl-Cr master alloy, the pure Zn ingot of 1044kg, 87kgAl-Ti master alloy and 14457kgAL ingot are carried out shove charge by order from small to large, be about to first fill dead small, refill bulk material, be contained at the middle and upper levels by master alloy high for fusing point, the metal of easy scaling loss is contained in middle level simultaneously.The fire box temperature of smelting furnace controls at≤1050 DEG C, and melt temperature controls at≤770 DEG C, when melt is softening stay and change flat after, in stove, be evenly sprinkled into the 2# ground flux of 80kg, and stir metal in good time.
After furnace charge has all melted, when melt temperature reaches about 730 DEG C, add the Al-Be master alloy of 400kg Mg ingot and 5.2kg.Adition process and add rear 54kg2# ground flux cover, usage quantity is as the criterion to cover completely.Thoroughly should stir after adding, and temperature adjustment is stabilized in about 740 DEG C, after about spending 20 minutes, carry out stokehold sampling.
Sampling must be carried out at melt in the middle of fire door, carries out composition adjustment according to the control overflow in both analysis result and technique scheme.
After composition adjustment completes, adopt refining pipe to carry out argon gas refining in stove, refining time 20 minutes, refining temperature about 740 DEG C, during refining, bubble height should not more than 80mm.
Should leave standstill after refining completes, time of repose at least 25 minutes.
Adopt two rotors refinery by de-gassing device to carry out online degasification the melt after leaving standstill, refining gas consumption is 30L/min, and refining temperature is 720 ± 5 DEG C, and rotor speed is 300 ± 5rpm; Then adopt single-stage 30ppi ceramic filter plate to carry out on-line filtration, when changing screen plate, require the integrity of checked filter plate, and ensure to be in place, carefully put mass, and suitably toast; Then add Al-5Ti-B silk according to the amount of 1.5kg/t, carry out at line thinning.
After completing online treatment, cast by melt, casting temp is 730 DEG C, and when casting starts, having cast vehicle speed is 15mm/min, and cooling water flow is 15m 3/ h, after length to be cast reaches 300mm, by casting speed with the increasing amount adjustment of (1mm/min)/50mm to 25mm/min, by cooling water flow with (1m 3/ h) increasing amount adjustment of/50mm is to 30m 3/ h.
Cut off the water when gate part liquid still has when 1/3 during casting ending, stop when gate part will depart from crystallizer at once, forbid water droplet to gate part.
After having cast, anneal 8 hours at 360 DEG C, then carry out sawing accordingly to ingot casting, sawing gate part and bottom all about 350mm, obtains 7A04 aluminium alloy.
The present invention carries out carrying out flaw detection according to technique scheme to the 7A04 aluminium alloy that the present invention obtains, and result shows, the flaw detection qualification rate of the 7A04 aluminium alloy that the present embodiment obtains is 99%.
Embodiment 2
Production extrusion ingot length 4200mm, ingot casting specification are the 7A05 aluminium alloy of Φ 650.1 casting 4, consider oxidization burning loss 5%, this alloy density is 2800kg/m 3, then total charging capacity=π × 0.652/4 × 4.2 × 4 × (1+5%) × 2800 ≈ 17400kg is calculated.
The 2# solvent powder of 40kg is evenly sprinkled in smelting furnace, then 290kgAl-Mn master alloy, 522kgAl-Cr master alloy, the pure Zn ingot of 818kg, 131kgAl-Ti master alloy, 522kg Al-Zr master alloy and 14874kgAL ingot are carried out shove charge by order from small to large, be about to first fill dead small, refill bulk material, be contained at the middle and upper levels by master alloy high for fusing point, the metal of easy scaling loss is contained in middle level simultaneously.The fire box temperature of smelting furnace controls at≤1050 DEG C, and melt temperature controls at≤770 DEG C, when melt is softening stay and change flat after, in stove, be evenly sprinkled into the 2# ground flux of 80kg, and stir metal in good time.
After furnace charge has all melted, when melt temperature reaches about 730 DEG C, add the Al-Be master alloy of 244kg Mg ingot and 5.2kg.Adition process and add rear 2# ground flux 54kg and cover, usage quantity is as the criterion to cover completely.Thoroughly should stir after adding, and temperature adjustment is stabilized in about 740 DEG C, after about spending 20 minutes, carry out stokehold sampling.
Sampling must be carried out at melt in the middle of fire door, carries out composition adjustment according to the control overflow in both analysis result and technique scheme.
After composition adjustment completes, adopt refining pipe to carry out argon gas refining in stove, refining time 20 minutes, refining temperature about 740 DEG C, during refining, bubble height should not more than 80mm.
Should leave standstill after refining completes, time of repose at least 25 minutes.
Adopt two rotors refinery by de-gassing device to carry out online degasification the melt after leaving standstill, refining gas consumption is 30L/min, and refining temperature is 720 ± 5 DEG C, and rotor speed is 300 ± 5rpm; Then adopt single-stage 30ppi ceramic filter plate to carry out on-line filtration, when changing screen plate, require the integrity of checked filter plate, and ensure to be in place, carefully put mass, and suitably toast; Then add Al-5Ti-B silk according to the amount of 2.5kg/t, carry out at line thinning.
After completing online treatment, cast by melt, casting temp is 750 DEG C, and when casting starts, having cast vehicle speed is 15mm/min, and cooling water flow is 15m 3/ h, after length to be cast reaches 300mm, by casting speed with the increasing amount adjustment of (1mm/min)/50mm to 25mm/min, by cooling water flow with (1m 3/ h) increasing amount adjustment of/50mm is to 30m 3/ h.
Cut off the water when gate part liquid still has when 1/3 during casting ending, stop when gate part will depart from crystallizer at once, forbid water droplet to gate part.
After having cast, anneal 8 hours at 360 DEG C, then carry out sawing accordingly to ingot casting, sawing gate part and bottom all about 350mm, obtains 7A04 aluminium alloy.
The present invention carries out carrying out flaw detection according to technique scheme to the 7A04 aluminium alloy that the present invention obtains, and result shows, the flaw detection qualification rate of the 7A05 aluminium alloy that the present embodiment obtains is 97%.
Embodiment 3
Production extrusion ingot length 4200mm, ingot casting specification are the 7A09 aluminium alloy of Φ 650.1 casting 4, consider oxidization burning loss 5%, this alloy density is 2800kg/m 3, then total charging capacity=π × 0.652/4 × 4.2 × 4 × (1+5%) × 2800 ≈ 17400kg is calculated.
The 2# solvent powder of 40kg is evenly sprinkled in smelting furnace, then pure for 278kg Cu plate, 957kgAl-Cr master alloy, the pure Zn ingot of 974kg, 87kgAl-Ti master alloy and 14668kgAL ingot are carried out shove charge by order from small to large, be about to first fill dead small, refill bulk material, be contained at the middle and upper levels by master alloy high for fusing point, the metal of easy scaling loss is contained in middle level simultaneously.The fire box temperature of smelting furnace controls at≤1050 DEG C, and melt temperature controls at≤770 DEG C, when melt is softening stay and change flat after, in stove, be evenly sprinkled into the 2# ground flux of 80kg, and stir metal in good time.
After furnace charge has all melted, when melt temperature reaches about 730 DEG C, add the Al-Be master alloy of 435kg Mg ingot and 5.2kg.Adition process and add rear 2# ground flux 54kg and cover, usage quantity is as the criterion to cover completely.Thoroughly should stir after adding, and temperature adjustment is stabilized in about 740 DEG C, after about spending 20 minutes, carry out stokehold sampling.
Sampling must be carried out at melt in the middle of fire door, carries out composition adjustment according to the control overflow in both analysis result and technique scheme.
After composition adjustment completes, adopt refining pipe to carry out argon gas refining in stove, refining time 20 minutes, refining temperature about 740 DEG C, during refining, bubble height should not more than 80mm.
Should leave standstill after refining completes, time of repose at least 25 minutes.
Adopt two rotors refinery by de-gassing device to carry out online degasification the melt after leaving standstill, refining gas consumption is 30L/min, and refining temperature is 720 ± 5 DEG C, and rotor speed is 300 ± 5rpm; Then adopt single-stage 30ppi ceramic filter plate to carry out on-line filtration, when changing screen plate, require the integrity of checked filter plate, and ensure to be in place, carefully put mass, and suitably toast; Then add Al-5Ti-B silk according to the amount of 1.5kg/t, carry out at line thinning.
After completing online treatment, cast by melt, casting temp is 760 DEG C, and when casting starts, having cast vehicle speed is 15mm/min, and cooling water flow is 15m 3/ h, after length to be cast reaches 300mm, by casting speed with the increasing amount adjustment of (1mm/min)/50mm to 25mm/min, by cooling water flow with (1m 3/ h) increasing amount adjustment of/50mm is to 30m 3/ h.
Cut off the water when gate part liquid still has when 1/3 during casting ending, stop when gate part will depart from crystallizer at once, forbid water droplet to gate part.
After having cast, anneal 8 hours at 360 DEG C, then carry out sawing accordingly to ingot casting, sawing gate part and bottom all about 350mm, obtains 7A04 aluminium alloy.
The present invention carries out carrying out flaw detection according to technique scheme to the 7A04 aluminium alloy that the present invention obtains, and result shows, the flaw detection qualification rate of the 7A09 aluminium alloy that the present embodiment obtains is 97%.
As can be seen from the above embodiments, the hot direct casting fabrication technique of 7xxx line aluminium alloy provided by the invention can carry heavy alloyed ingot casting ratio of briquetting and flaw detection qualification rate.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention; it should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention; can also make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a hot direct casting fabrication technique for 7xxx aluminium alloy, comprises the following steps:
A) melting is carried out in Cu source, Mn source, Mg source, Cr source, Zn source, Ti source, Be source, Zr source and Al source, obtain melting thing;
B) by described steps A) the melting thing that obtains carries out, at line thinning, online degasification and on-line filtration, obtaining online treatment product successively;
C) by described step B) the online treatment product that obtains casts, and obtains 7xxx aluminium alloy; The speed of described casting is 15 ~ 25mm/min;
Described 7xxx aluminium alloy comprises the component of following massfraction: the Cu of 0 ~ 2.6%, the Mn of 0 ~ 0.6%, the Mg of 1.1 ~ 3.0%, the Cr element of 0 ~ 0.3%, the Zn of 4.4 ~ 8%, the Be of Ti, 0-0.0009%, the Zr of 0 ~ 0.25% of 0 ~ 0.06% and the Al of surplus.
2. hot direct casting fabrication technique according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the furnace gas temperature of described melting is 800 ~ 1050 DEG C.
3. hot direct casting fabrication technique according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described steps A) specifically comprise the following steps:
By Cu source, Mn source, Cr source, Zn source, melting is carried out in Ti source, Zr source and Al source, after furnace charge all melts, adds Mg source and Be source, carries out melting, obtain melting thing.
4. hot direct casting fabrication technique according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the temperature of described online degasification is 715 ~ 725 DEG C;
The gas flow rate of described online degasification is 25 ~ 35L/min.
5. hot direct casting fabrication technique according to claim 1, is characterized in that, describedly adopts Al-5Ti-B silk to carry out at line thinning.
6. hot direct casting fabrication technique according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the speed of described casting is 18 ~ 22mm/min.
7. hot direct casting fabrication technique according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the temperature of described casting is 730 ~ 760 DEG C.
8. hot direct casting fabrication technique according to claim 1, is characterized in that, in described castingprocesses, the flow of water coolant is 14 ~ 30m 3/ h.
9. hot direct casting fabrication technique according to claim 1, is characterized in that, when the length of described casting is between 0mm ~ 300mm, in described castingprocesses, the flow of water coolant is 14 ~ 16m 3/ h;
As the length > 300mm of described casting, by the flow of water coolant in described castingprocesses with (1m 3/ h)/50mm speed increase, until the flow of described water coolant reaches 28 ~ 30m 3/ h.
10. the 7xxx aluminium alloy that hot direct casting fabrication technique as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 9 wherein is obtained.
CN201410762703.8A 2014-12-12 2014-12-12 7xxx aluminium alloy hot-top casting process and aluminium alloy prepared by adopting same Pending CN104404323A (en)

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CN105039813A (en) * 2015-08-21 2015-11-11 无锡乐华自动化科技有限公司 Method for manufacturing wheel hub
CN109778033A (en) * 2019-01-31 2019-05-21 苏州铭德铝业有限公司 7 line aluminium alloy profiles of one kind and its manufacturing method
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Application publication date: 20150311