CN104358599A - Low-friction air valve oil seal - Google Patents

Low-friction air valve oil seal Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104358599A
CN104358599A CN201410654883.8A CN201410654883A CN104358599A CN 104358599 A CN104358599 A CN 104358599A CN 201410654883 A CN201410654883 A CN 201410654883A CN 104358599 A CN104358599 A CN 104358599A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
lip
oil seal
valve oil
groove
air valve
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410654883.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杜杰
王仁波
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
YanTai Runfuxiang Oil Seal Co Ltd
Original Assignee
YanTai Runfuxiang Oil Seal Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by YanTai Runfuxiang Oil Seal Co Ltd filed Critical YanTai Runfuxiang Oil Seal Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410654883.8A priority Critical patent/CN104358599A/en
Publication of CN104358599A publication Critical patent/CN104358599A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01LCYCLICALLY OPERATING VALVES FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES
    • F01L3/00Lift-valve, i.e. cut-off apparatus with closure members having at least a component of their opening and closing motion perpendicular to the closing faces; Parts or accessories thereof
    • F01L3/08Valves guides; Sealing of valve stem, e.g. sealing by lubricant

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Sealing With Elastic Sealing Lips (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a low-friction air valve oil seal. The low-friction air valve oil seal comprises a supporting framework and an elastic sealing body, wherein the elastic sealing body is provided with at least one sealing lip; an annular convex rib or a groove is formed in an annular sealing surface formed by the sealing lip. The low-friction air valve oil seal has strong sealing capability, constant engine oil leaking amount, energy conservation and emission reduction and reasonability in lubrication; the sliding between an air valve rod and a guide pipe is guaranteed, the friction between the air valve oil seal and an air valve is reduced, the service life of the oil seal is prolonged and the power loss is reduced.

Description

A kind of low friction valve oil seal
Technical field
The invention belongs to engine oil seal technical field, especially relate to a kind of low friction valve oil seal.
Technical background
At present, the development trend of present engine, proposes higher requirement to environmental protection, discharges to be changed to state IV by state III, be converted to state V, state VI afterwards, even higher requirement.In order to respond and adapt to this development trend, change combustion gas into or carry out except other improve in fuel except motor by fuel oil, the current important improvement of motor producer adopts turbo charged technology, exactly to reach the requirement of discharge.So higher requirement be it is also proposed to our valve oil seal, namely will precisely control valve oil seal leakage rate, to ensure that the lubrication between valve guide rod and conduit did not have again to cause carbon distribution in multiresidue oil droplets to firing chamber.
The current operating mode for engine valve oil seal and application require as follows:
1. no matter supercharging or non-supercharged engine, valve oil seal all precisely will control the amount of leakage of lubricant oil, to meet the requirement of lubricating between valve guide rod and conduit.
2., for turbosupercharged engine, its main purpose is to supply more oxygen to ensure sufficient burning..Can be greater than barometric pressure to the pressure of the gas of valve oil seal gas side like this, the gas that there is intake valve place impacts the main lip of valve oil seal by valve guide rod and catheter interstitial, is opened instantaneously by main lip, causes the possibility of the excessive formation carbon deposit of engine oil leakage quantity.In addition, the temperature of exhaust valve is higher than intake valve usually, and the pressure of gas is also higher than intake valve relatively, impacts the main lip of valve oil seal at the moment combustion chamber gases of exhaust by valve guide rod and catheter interstitial, main lip is opened instantaneously, causes the possibility of the excessive formation carbon deposit of engine oil leakage quantity.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to improve the deficiency of prior art and provide that a kind of sealability of valve oil seal is strong, engine oil leakage quantity is constant, energy-saving and emission-reduction, lubrication rationally, ensure slip between valve stem and conduit, reduce friction between valve oil seal and valve, extend the working life of oil sealing, reduce the low friction valve oil seal of power loss.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this, a kind of low friction valve oil seal, and comprise support frame and elastic sealed body, elastic sealed body is provided with at least one sealing lip, is characterized in being provided with annular convex rib or groove on the annular sealing surface of seal lip formation.
In order to realize object of the present invention further, can be that described sealing lip comprises primary seal lip and gas lip, the annular sealing surface contacting direction at described primary seal lip and gas lip with valve stem is respectively equipped with annular convex rib or groove, annular convex rib or groove can be arranged simultaneously, also can arrange separately.
In order to realize object of the present invention further, can be that described annular convex rib or groove axial extension on annular sealing surface are uniformly distributed or random distribution.
In order to realize object of the present invention further, can be that the sectional shape of described annular convex rib or groove is triangle, semicircle, trapezoidal, polygonal.
In order to realize object of the present invention further, can be described elastic sealed body be polyurethane or rubber.
In order to realize object of the present invention further, can be the height of described convex tendon or the degree of depth of groove be 0.02--0.20 millimeter.
Compared with the prior art this novel invention has following distinguishing feature and good effect: the inwall that this novel employing skeleton coating is wrapped in skeleton completely becomes the static seal of oil sealing, sealing lip is arranged on the inwall of skeleton, sealing lip is made up of 2 road seal lips, seal lip not only has seal action but also have supporting effect each other, so can ensure when gas side pressure increases, the contact condition of seal lip and valve stem does not have greatly changed, the completely closed of lip can be prevented, control oil seal lip and protect constant leakage rate when pressure changes, the lubrication of valve stem and conduit is provided, ensure the normal work of machinery, simultaneously owing to moderately controlling the leakage of lubricant oil, reduce the amount of oil product in discharging waste gas, there is environmental-protection function.
Instantaneously seal lip is opened to prevent firing chamber inner high voltage gas and cause the uncontrollable leakage of machine oil, ensure that oil seal lip (gas lip) is fully closed under pressure simultaneously, form the interrupted supply of lubricant oil, valve oil seal is all designed to the structure with oppositely sealing gas lip, increase the structure of envelope gas lip, although seal lip opening not by pressure can be prevented, but the friction which increases between valve stem and oil sealing, so need ensureing under the prerequisite that the leakage rate that seal lip is certain controls, need to ensure that gas lip can realize stopping that pressure realizes reducing the function of friction again, so be provided with annular convex rib or groove on the annular sealing surface of seal lip formation, axially forming close gap passage.
The height of convex tendon or the degree of depth of groove are 0.02--0.20 millimeter, be through that long-term experiment obtains, the requirement of most of motor can be met, can ensure that leakage rate realizes lubrication, reduces the object of friction, can avoid again leaking the problems such as the excessive waste caused.
The sectional shape of annular convex rib or groove is triangle, semicircle, trapezoidal, circular or polygonal, above-mentioned shape mainly reduces the area of contact of lip and engine valve stem, be convenient to store lubricant oil in groove, be beneficial to the lubrication in lip and bar portion, groove simultaneously on gas lip is the passage let out under lubricant oil, be convenient to lubricant oil by flowing to the gap between valve guide bushing and engine valve stem under groove, the friction between valve stem and valve guide bushing is lubricated.Triangle, semicircle, trapezoidal axial line compare is convenient to processing, and different shape cooperations reasonably designs, and is convenient to the storage of lubricant oil and formation passage; Circular or polygonal texture difficulty of processing is slightly large, but can carry out regular can randomly arrangement in conjunction with reasonably designing, and is easy to form mazy texture, is more conducive to the storage of lubricant oil, reduce the friction in oil sealing and bar portion.
The advantage of the present invention compared with prior art structure is as follows:
1, primary seal lip:
A, energy accurately controller oil leakage quantity.
B, larger sealing force is had to cause the moment uncontrollable leakage of main lip to prevent envelope gas lip to lose efficacy.
C, main lip frictional force do not increase or than original less, guarantee not reduce sealing life because sealing force increase causes frictional force to increase.
2, gas lip:
A, the pressure of gas preventing pressurized gas from passing through or be decreased through, make it that main lip leakage rate can not be caused to occur obviously to increase.
B, the formation of valve guide rod lubricating film can not be affected because of the existence of envelope gas lip.
C, the interrupted supply of lubricant oil can not be caused in the course of the work.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 1.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 2.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 3.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 4.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 5.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of embodiments of the invention 6.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1, a kind of low friction valve oil seal, as Fig. 1, elastic sealed body 1 wraps up support frame 2, elastic sealed body 1 is provided with sealing lip, sealing lip is the gentle lip 9 of primary seal lip 4, spring 3 is provided with outside primary seal lip 4, the annular sealing surface that primary seal lip 4 is formed is provided with the main lip endless belt 5 of axis of strip, main lip endless belt 5 is provided with annular convex rib or groove 6, and the height of convex tendon or the degree of depth of groove are 0.02--0.20 millimeter, and the present embodiment adopts cross section to be semicircular groove 6, the degree of depth of groove 6 is 0.2 millimeter, and this forms a kind of structure of the present invention.
Embodiment 2, a kind of low friction valve oil seal, as Fig. 2, be on the basis of embodiment 1, compared with embodiment 1, on the annular sealing surface of gas lip 9 formation, be only provided with the axial gas lip endless belt 8 of strip, gas lip endless belt 8 is provided with annular convex rib or groove 6, and primary seal lip 4 is not arranged axially main lip endless belt 5, the present embodiment adopts cross section to be trapezoidal convex tendon 6, convex tendon 6 is highly 0.1 millimeter, and all the other structures are with embodiment 1.
Example 3, a kind of low friction valve oil seal, as shown in Figure 3, on the basis of embodiment 1, the annular sealing surface that primary seal lip 4 gentle lip 9 is formed is respectively equipped with the gentle lip endless belt 8, axis main lip endless belt 5 of strip, and gentle lip endless belt 8, main lip endless belt 5 is provided with annular convex rib or groove 6, and the present embodiment adopts cross section to be leg-of-mutton convex tendon 6, the height of convex tendon 6 is 0.02 millimeter, and all the other structures are with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 4, a kind of low friction valve oil seal, as Fig. 4, are on the basis of embodiment 3, and the present embodiment adopts cross section to be polygonal groove 6, and the degree of depth of groove 6 is 0.09 millimeter, and all the other structures are with embodiment 3.
Embodiment 5, a kind of low friction valve oil seal, as Fig. 5, are on the basis of embodiment 3, and the present embodiment adopts cross section to be semicircular convex tendon 6, and convex tendon 6 is highly 0.07 millimeter, and all the other structures are with embodiment 3.
Embodiment 6, a kind of low friction valve oil seal, as Fig. 6, on the basis of embodiment 3, the annular sealing surface that primary seal lip 4 gentle lip 9 is formed is respectively equipped with the gentle lip endless belt 8, axis main lip endless belt 5 of strip, gentle lip endless belt, main lip endless belt 58 is provided with irregular circle, polygonal convex tendon 6, the height of convex tendon 6 is 0.15 millimeter, the groove formed between convex tendon 6 is mazy axial passage, fluid can be stored better to lubricate, control, reduce leakage rate, all the other structures are with embodiment 3.
Above structure can be applicable on the valve oil seal of various skeletal structure pattern.
The foregoing is only exemplary embodiments of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, within the spirit and principles in the present invention all, any amendment done, equivalent to replace, change, be all included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a low friction valve oil seal, comprises support frame and elastic sealed body, and elastic sealed body is provided with at least one sealing lip, it is characterized in that: on the annular sealing surface that seal lip is formed, be provided with annular convex rib or groove.
2. the low friction valve oil seal of one according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described sealing lip comprises primary seal lip and gas lip, the annular sealing surface contacting direction at described primary seal lip and gas lip with valve stem is respectively equipped with annular convex rib or groove, annular convex rib or groove can be arranged simultaneously, also can arrange separately.
3. the low friction valve oil seal of one according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: axial extension on annular sealing surface is uniformly distributed or random distribution for described annular convex rib or groove.
4. the low friction valve oil seal of one according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: described annular convex rib or the sectional shape of groove are triangle, semicircle, trapezoidal, polygonal.
5. the low friction valve oil seal of one according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: described elastic sealed body is polyurethane or rubber.
6. the low friction valve oil seal of one according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: the height of described convex tendon or the degree of depth of groove are 0.02--0.20 millimeter.
CN201410654883.8A 2014-11-18 2014-11-18 Low-friction air valve oil seal Pending CN104358599A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410654883.8A CN104358599A (en) 2014-11-18 2014-11-18 Low-friction air valve oil seal

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410654883.8A CN104358599A (en) 2014-11-18 2014-11-18 Low-friction air valve oil seal

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104358599A true CN104358599A (en) 2015-02-18

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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106837461A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-06-13 烟台润蚨祥油封有限公司 One kind can bear the alternate valve oil seal of positive/negative-pressure
CN108757079A (en) * 2018-05-23 2018-11-06 合肥众机群机械制造有限公司 A kind of engine valve oil seal component

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0566059A1 (en) * 1992-04-14 1993-10-20 RFT S.p.A. Seal for a rod sliding against the action of elastic means, in particular an internal combustion engine valve stem
CN201152180Y (en) * 2008-01-31 2008-11-19 杜杰 Air valve oil seal lip
US7900932B2 (en) * 2004-08-03 2011-03-08 Dana Automotive Systems Group, Llc Valve stem sealing assembly
CN201851188U (en) * 2010-11-26 2011-06-01 青岛开世密封工业有限公司 Valve guide rod oil seal
CN202118258U (en) * 2011-04-13 2012-01-18 佛山市顺德区亿达汽车密封件有限公司 An oil seal with an oil return thread
CN102395820A (en) * 2009-04-16 2012-03-28 Skf公司 Valve stem seal
CN103742651A (en) * 2014-01-29 2014-04-23 烟台润蚨祥油封有限公司 Low-friction reciprocating motion seal component
CN204253122U (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-04-08 烟台润蚨祥油封有限公司 A kind of low friction valve oil seal

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0566059A1 (en) * 1992-04-14 1993-10-20 RFT S.p.A. Seal for a rod sliding against the action of elastic means, in particular an internal combustion engine valve stem
US7900932B2 (en) * 2004-08-03 2011-03-08 Dana Automotive Systems Group, Llc Valve stem sealing assembly
CN201152180Y (en) * 2008-01-31 2008-11-19 杜杰 Air valve oil seal lip
CN102395820A (en) * 2009-04-16 2012-03-28 Skf公司 Valve stem seal
CN201851188U (en) * 2010-11-26 2011-06-01 青岛开世密封工业有限公司 Valve guide rod oil seal
CN202118258U (en) * 2011-04-13 2012-01-18 佛山市顺德区亿达汽车密封件有限公司 An oil seal with an oil return thread
CN103742651A (en) * 2014-01-29 2014-04-23 烟台润蚨祥油封有限公司 Low-friction reciprocating motion seal component
CN204253122U (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-04-08 烟台润蚨祥油封有限公司 A kind of low friction valve oil seal

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106837461A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-06-13 烟台润蚨祥油封有限公司 One kind can bear the alternate valve oil seal of positive/negative-pressure
CN108757079A (en) * 2018-05-23 2018-11-06 合肥众机群机械制造有限公司 A kind of engine valve oil seal component
CN108757079B (en) * 2018-05-23 2020-06-26 合肥众机群机械制造有限公司 Engine valve oil seal assembly

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Application publication date: 20150218

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