CN104315637A - Vehicular auxiliary air conditioner - Google Patents

Vehicular auxiliary air conditioner Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104315637A
CN104315637A CN201410581567.2A CN201410581567A CN104315637A CN 104315637 A CN104315637 A CN 104315637A CN 201410581567 A CN201410581567 A CN 201410581567A CN 104315637 A CN104315637 A CN 104315637A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
air
precooling
ice
water
temperature
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410581567.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
贾智强
李科群
李振鹏
李续
刘金龙
Original Assignee
上海理工大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 上海理工大学 filed Critical 上海理工大学
Priority to CN201410581567.2A priority Critical patent/CN104315637A/en
Publication of CN104315637A publication Critical patent/CN104315637A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60HARRANGEMENTS OF HEATING, COOLING, VENTILATING OR OTHER AIR-TREATING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PASSENGER OR GOODS SPACES OF VEHICLES
    • B60H1/00Heating, cooling or ventilating [HVAC] devices
    • B60H1/32Cooling devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60HARRANGEMENTS OF HEATING, COOLING, VENTILATING OR OTHER AIR-TREATING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PASSENGER OR GOODS SPACES OF VEHICLES
    • B60H1/00Heating, cooling or ventilating [HVAC] devices
    • B60H1/32Cooling devices
    • B60H2001/3236Cooling devices information from a variable is obtained
    • B60H2001/3255Cooling devices information from a variable is obtained related to temperature
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60HARRANGEMENTS OF HEATING, COOLING, VENTILATING OR OTHER AIR-TREATING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PASSENGER OR GOODS SPACES OF VEHICLES
    • B60H1/00Heating, cooling or ventilating [HVAC] devices
    • B60H1/32Cooling devices
    • B60H2001/3286Constructional features
    • B60H2001/3289Additional cooling source

Abstract

The invention provides a vehicular auxiliary air conditioner used for cooling in-vehicle space. The vehicular auxiliary air conditioner is characterized by comprising an ice box portion, a precooling portion, an air feeding portion, a temperature control portion and a power source, the ice box portion is used for storing a mixture of ice and water and used for utilizing water to absorb heat for cooling, the precooling portion is arranged at the top of the ice box portion and provided with a louver air port positioned on the side face and used for sucking outside hot air and an automatic air door positioned at the top end and allowing cold air formed after the hot air is refrigerated to flow out, the air feeding portion is arranged at the top of the precooling portion, communicated with the automatic air door and provided with fans feeding cold air outwards, the temperature control portion is used for detecting air temperature of the in-vehicle space, opening the ice box portion, the precooling portion and the air feeding portion when refrigerating is needed or opening the precooling portion and the air feeding portion when only air feeding is needed, and controlling the ice box portion, the precooling portion and the air feeding portion to stop working when the air temperature is lowered to a set value, and the power source provides electric energy to the ice box portion, the precooling portion, the air feeding portion and the temperature control portion.

Description

Automobile-used auxiliary air conditioner
Technical field
The present invention relates to refrigerating plant, be specifically related to a kind of automobile-used auxiliary air conditioner being applicable to that interior space is freezed.
Background technology
Automobile air-conditioning used consumes a large amount of automobile powers.Under the prerequisite of being rooted in the hearts of the people is realized in global energy crisis aggravation and energy-saving and emission-reduction, reduce the use of car air-conditioner in the urgent need to exploitation auxiliary air conditioner.
Traditional car air-conditioner is driven by belt by engine, and engine is once flame-out, and air-conditioning also cannot operate, so in sultry summer, cannot be lowered by the temperature in car before driver into the car, causes discomfort thus to personnel by bus.
Application number be 200720302028.6 utility model patent disclose a kind of auxiliary air conditioner utilizing solar refrigeration; Application number be 200810189207.2 patent of invention disclose a kind of motorcar electric auxiliary air conditioner, charge to electric storage device when engine start, electric storage device can be adopted to power thus air-conditioning is worked before engine is opened or after stopping working.
But above-mentioned auxiliary air conditioner structure is very complicated, and need to change existing carriage body construction, could be arranged in compartment by above-mentioned auxiliary air conditioner, it is very inconvenient to use.
Summary of the invention
The present invention be directed to that the problems referred to above carry out, object is to provide a kind of automobile-used auxiliary air conditioner being applicable to freeze to interior space of easy for installation, energy-saving and emission-reduction.
The present invention for achieving the above object, have employed following technical scheme:
The invention provides a kind of automobile-used auxiliary air conditioner, for lowering the temperature to interior space, it is characterized in that, comprising: ice chest portion, for storing the mixture of ice and water, utilizing water to absorb heat and freezing; Precooling portion, hollow structure, be arranged on top, ice chest portion, portion is tightly connected with ice chest, has the self closing door that the cold air become after refrigeration for the air grille that sucks extraneous hot-air and the heating air that is positioned at top that is positioned at side flows out; Air supplying part, hollow structure, be arranged on top, precooling portion, portion is tightly connected with precooling, and is connected with self closing door, has the fan outwards sending cold wind; Temperature control portion, for detecting the temperature of interior space, and open ice chest portion, precooling portion and air supplying part when needs freeze, or open precooling portion and air supplying part when only needing air-supply, and be down to design temperature time control ice making box portion, precooling portion and air supplying part at temperature and quit work; And power supply, to ice chest portion, precooling portion, air supplying part and temperature control portion provide electric energy,
Wherein, ice chest portion has: the body of hollow, for storing the mixture of refrigeration ice used and water; Ice injection mouth, is arranged on the side of body, for adding ice in body; Sealing plate, is fixed on bodies top, carries out sealing heat insulation to body; Coil pipe, water inlet and delivery port immerse in intrinsic water respectively, and middle part is laid in sealing plate upper end, make intrinsic water by sealing plate upper end when needs use automobile-used auxiliary air conditioner to freeze, and again flow back to body after carrying out heat exchange with hot-air; And water pump, be connected to the water inlet of coil pipe, for aspirating intrinsic water, precooling portion is connected with coil pipe.
Further, automobile-used auxiliary air conditioner involved in the present invention, can also have such feature: wherein, and the skin of ice chest portion, precooling portion and air supplying part all adopts heat-barrier material to carry out sealing and being incubated.
The effect of invention and effect
According to automobile-used auxiliary air conditioner involved in the present invention, because ice chest stores mixture of ice and water in portion, water temperature is made to maintain 0 DEG C, by water pump, the water in ice chest portion is pumped to coil pipe when needing refrigeration, with the air heat-exchange sucked in precooling portion, and then cold air enters air supplying part by self closing door, discharged by fan, interior space is freezed, therefore this automobile-used ice chest auxiliary air conditioner structure is very simple, easy for installation, be easy to carry, be applicable to space less, the car that refrigeration duty is less or truck cab, and be used in domestic refrigerator water-cooled is frozen namely obtainable ice as cold-producing medium, very economize energy, reduce environmental pollution.
In addition, when vehicle interior temperature is not too high, when the refrigerating capacity needed is less, only can open the air supply pattern of this automobile-used auxiliary air conditioner, namely ice chest portion does not work, precooling portion and air supplying part are opened, blow out after the cold water heat exchange in the air entered from air grille and coil pipe from fan, can lower the temperature to interior space, improve human comfort, therefore this automobile-used auxiliary air conditioner energy consumption is very low, easy to use.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of automobile-used auxiliary air conditioner of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation in the ice chest portion of automobile-used auxiliary air conditioner of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation in the precooling portion of automobile-used auxiliary air conditioner of the present invention; And
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the air supplying part of automobile-used auxiliary air conditioner of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, automobile-used auxiliary air conditioner involved in the present invention is elaborated.
< embodiment >
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of automobile-used auxiliary air conditioner of the present invention.
As shown in Figure 1, automobile-used auxiliary air conditioner 10 comprises ice chest portion 11, precooling portion 12, air supplying part 13, temperature control portion (not shown) and power supply (not shown).
Ice chest portion 11, precooling portion 12 are identical with the Outside Dimensions of air supplying part 13, and precooling portion 12 seals with the lower end of air supplying part 13 with the upper end in ice chest portion 11 respectively and is connected.The skin of ice chest portion 11, precooling portion 12 and air supplying part 13 all adopts heat-barrier material to carry out heat-insulation and heat-preservation.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation in the ice chest portion of automobile-used auxiliary air conditioner of the present invention.
As shown in Figure 1, 2, ice chest portion 11 is positioned at bottom automobile-used auxiliary air conditioner 10, for storing mixture of ice and water and adopting the heat of water absorption outside air to freeze.Ice chest portion 11 comprises body 14, ice injection mouth 15, sealing plate 16, coil pipe 17 and water pump 18.
Body 14 is hollow structure, for storing the mixture of ice and water.Body 14 skin adopts heat-barrier material to carry out heat-insulation and heat-preservation.
Ice injection mouth 15 is openings of body 14 side, and when needs freeze, user can add ice by ice injection mouth 15 to body 14.
Sealing plate 16 is arranged on the top of body 14, by body 14 and superstructure seal isolation.
The water inlet 19 of coil pipe 17 and delivery port 20 all immerse in the water in body 14, and the middle part of coil pipe 17, by sealing plate 16 upper end, is laid on sealing plate 16 in the shape of a spiral.
Water pump 18 is connected with the water inlet 19 of coil pipe 17, is drawn in coil pipe 17 by the water in body 14.Mixture of ice and water temperature in body 14 maintains 0 DEG C, water in body 14 is pumped in coil pipe 17 by water pump 18, make water by sealing plate 16 upper end, with extraneous hot-air heat exchange in spiral helicine coil pipe 17, the water that heat absorption heats up is flowed back in body 14 by the delivery port 20 of coil pipe 17.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation in the precooling portion of automobile-used auxiliary air conditioner of the present invention.
As shown in Figure 1,3, precooling portion 12 is hollow structures, and sealing is arranged on top, ice chest portion 11, is connected with spiral helicine coil pipe 17.Side, precooling portion 12 is provided with air grille 21, and top, precooling portion is provided with self closing door 22.Extraneous hot-air sucks in precooling portion 12 by air grille 21, and the frozen water heat exchange in hot-air and coil pipe 17, cooled air blows out from self closing door 22.In the present embodiment, self closing door 22 is built-in air doors, and the draught area after unlatching is 1/2nd of the air door gross area, has good sealing thermal insulation effect when self closing door 22 is closed.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the air supplying part of automobile-used auxiliary air conditioner of the present invention.
As shown in Figure 4, air supplying part 13 is also the structure of hollow, and sealing is arranged on top, precooling portion 12, is connected with precooling portion 12.Air supplying part 13 side is provided with two fans 23, and fan 23 will outwards blow out formation cold wind with cooled air after frozen water heat exchange.
In automobile-used auxiliary air conditioner 10, temperature control portion (not shown) comprises temperature measuring unit (not shown), control unit (not shown) and timing unit (not shown).
Temperature measuring unit is for detecting the temperature of interior space.Control unit is for controlling the open and close of ice chest portion 11, precooling portion 12 and air supplying part 13.Timing unit is used for carrying out time setting, by control unit, automobile-used auxiliary air conditioner 10 is automatically opened in predetermined time.
Power supply (not shown) is connected with temperature control portion with ice chest portion 11, precooling portion 12, air supplying part 13 respectively, for providing electric energy.In the present embodiment, power supply is battery, for each parts of automobile-used auxiliary air conditioner 10 provide low-voltage DC, can charge when the electric energy of battery exhausts, easy to use.
Control unit has air-supply and refrigeration two kinds of patterns.When vehicle interior temperature is not too high, do not need too large refrigerating capacity, now open the air supply pattern of control unit.Water pump 18 under air supply pattern in ice chest portion 11 is not opened, and the water in coil pipe 17 does not circulate, and only opens two fans 23 in the air grille 21 in precooling portion 12 and self closing door 22 and air supplying part 13.Hot-air in car is sucked precooling portion 12 by air grille 21, and the water at low temperature in hot-air and coil pipe 17 carries out heat exchange, and the air cooled after heat exchange enters air supplying part 13 through self closing door 22, by the fan of two in air supplying part 13 23 outwards blowout formation cold wind.Under air supply pattern, the refrigeration dynamics of automobile-used auxiliary air conditioner 10 is less, can increase the comfort of human body.
When summer temp is very high, need the refrigeration mode of opening vehicle auxiliary air conditioner 10.User adds ice the body 14 in ice chest portion 11 in advance by ice injection mouth 15, be preferably the ice hockey of small volume, and ice hockey can make water temperature be down to 0 DEG C after mixing with water reserved in body 14.Then start the refrigeration mode of control unit, ice chest portion 11, precooling portion 12 and air supplying part 13 are started working simultaneously.
When automobile-used auxiliary air conditioner 10 works in cooling mode, water pump 18 in ice chest portion 11 is by the water suction coil pipe 17 in body 14, hot-air in car is sucked precooling portion 12 by the air grille 21 in precooling portion 12, with the water heat exchange in coil pipe 17, the air of cooling enters air supplying part 13 from self closing door 22, cold air blows out by two fans 23 of air supplying part 13 from air supplying part 13, thus freezes in car.Water in coil pipe 17 heats up after absorbing the heat of hot-air, flows back to body 14 from the delivery port 20 of coil pipe 17, and the ice in body 14 is lowered the temperature to the water after intensification, makes the mixture of ice and water in body maintain 0 DEG C.
If car is exposed to the sun in the sun, cause vehicle interior temperature very high, people cannot into the car immediately, now user can will time into the car according to oneself, the timing unit in temperature control portion is arranged, make control unit after the scheduled time receives the signal of timing unit, automatically the refrigeration mode of automobile-used auxiliary air conditioner 10 is opened.
In cooling mode, the frozen water in ice chest portion 11 constantly circulates automobile-used auxiliary air conditioner 10, and thus the refrigerating capacity of automobile-used auxiliary air conditioner 10 is comparatively large, can the temperature in car be reduced rapidly.User can also carry out the setting of cryogenic temperature to temperature control portion, when making vehicle interior temperature drop to the comfort temperature of setting, automobile-used auxiliary air conditioner 10 is closed, with economize energy by temperature control portion automatically.
After automobile-used auxiliary air conditioner 10 is closed, ice chest portion 11, precooling portion 12 and air supplying part 13 are all sealed, and are incubated by heat-barrier material.
The effect of embodiment and effect
According to the automobile-used auxiliary air conditioner of the present embodiment, because ice chest stores mixture of ice and water in portion, water temperature is made to maintain 0 DEG C, by water pump, the water in ice chest portion is pumped to coil pipe when needing refrigeration, with the air heat-exchange sucked in precooling portion, and then cold air enters air supplying part by self closing door, discharged by fan and form cold wind, interior space is freezed, therefore this automobile-used ice chest auxiliary air conditioner structure is very simple, easy for installation, be easy to carry, be applicable to space less, the car that refrigeration duty is less or truck cab, and be used in domestic refrigerator water-cooled is frozen namely obtainable ice as cold-producing medium, very economize energy, reduce environmental pollution.
In addition, when vehicle interior temperature is not too high, when the refrigerating capacity needed is less, ice chest portion can not work, and only needs to open precooling portion and air supplying part, blows out after the cold water heat exchange in the air entered from air grille and coil pipe from fan, can lower the temperature to interior space, improve human comfort, therefore this automobile-used auxiliary air conditioner energy consumption is very low, easy to use.
In addition, this automobile-used auxiliary air conditioner, has timing function.Summer, car was in the sun through being exposed to the sun, and interior temperature is higher, drove environment and worsened, and now by timing, can realize auxiliary air conditioner and open in advance.
In addition, adopt heat-barrier material to be sealed by automobile-used auxiliary air conditioner, when this automobile-used auxiliary air conditioner is closed, the frozen water in ice chest portion can not outwardly dispel the heat, thus avoids energy to run off, and economizes on resources.
Certainly, automobile-used auxiliary air conditioner involved in the present invention is not merely defined in the structure described in above embodiment.These are only the present invention conceive under basic explanation, and according to any equivalent transformation that technical scheme of the present invention is done, all should protection scope of the present invention be belonged to.

Claims (2)

1. an automobile-used auxiliary air conditioner, for lowering the temperature to interior space, is characterized in that, comprising:
Ice chest portion, for storing the mixture of ice and water, utilizing described water to absorb heat and freezing;
Precooling portion, hollow structure, be arranged on top, described ice chest portion, be tightly connected with described ice chest portion, there is the self closing door that the cold air become after described refrigeration for the air grille that sucks extraneous hot-air and the described hot-air of confession that is positioned at top that is positioned at side flows out;
Air supplying part, hollow structure, is arranged on top, described precooling portion, is tightly connected, and is connected with described self closing door, have the fan outwards sending cold wind with described precooling portion;
Temperature control portion, for detecting the temperature of described interior space, and described ice chest portion, described precooling portion and described air supplying part is opened when needs freeze, or open described precooling portion and described air supplying part when only needing air-supply, and control described ice chest portion, described precooling portion and described air supplying part when described temperature is down to design temperature and quit work; And
Power supply, to described ice chest portion, described precooling portion, described air supplying part and described temperature control portion provide electric energy,
Wherein, described ice chest portion has: the body of hollow, for storing the mixture of refrigeration ice used and water; Ice injection mouth, is arranged on the side of described body, for adding described ice in described body; Sealing plate, is fixed on described bodies top, carries out sealing heat insulation to described body; Coil pipe, water inlet and delivery port immerse in described intrinsic water respectively, middle part is laid in described sealing plate upper end, makes described intrinsic water by described sealing plate upper end, flow back to described body after carrying out heat exchange with described hot-air again when needs use described automobile-used auxiliary air conditioner to freeze; And water pump, be connected to the described water inlet of described coil pipe, for aspirating described intrinsic water,
Described precooling portion is connected with described coil pipe.
2. automobile-used auxiliary air conditioner according to claim 1, is characterized in that:
Wherein, the skin of described ice chest portion, described precooling portion and described air supplying part all adopts heat-barrier material to carry out sealing and being incubated.
CN201410581567.2A 2014-10-27 2014-10-27 Vehicular auxiliary air conditioner CN104315637A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410581567.2A CN104315637A (en) 2014-10-27 2014-10-27 Vehicular auxiliary air conditioner

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410581567.2A CN104315637A (en) 2014-10-27 2014-10-27 Vehicular auxiliary air conditioner

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104315637A true CN104315637A (en) 2015-01-28

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410581567.2A CN104315637A (en) 2014-10-27 2014-10-27 Vehicular auxiliary air conditioner

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Country Link
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106183762A (en) * 2016-08-19 2016-12-07 衢州图艺工业设计有限公司 A kind of compartment heat sink
CN108253567A (en) * 2018-01-30 2018-07-06 苏州赛易特环保科技有限公司 A kind of energy conservation environmental protection air conditioner
CN108253566A (en) * 2018-01-30 2018-07-06 苏州赛易特环保科技有限公司 A kind of energy-saving air-conditioner
CN108286764A (en) * 2018-01-30 2018-07-17 苏州赛易特环保科技有限公司 A kind of energy-saving and environment-friendly heat sink
CN108302676A (en) * 2018-01-30 2018-07-20 苏州赛易特环保科技有限公司 A kind of environment-friendly air conditioner

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106183762A (en) * 2016-08-19 2016-12-07 衢州图艺工业设计有限公司 A kind of compartment heat sink
CN106183762B (en) * 2016-08-19 2018-05-01 衢州图艺工业设计有限公司 A kind of compartment heat sink
CN108253567A (en) * 2018-01-30 2018-07-06 苏州赛易特环保科技有限公司 A kind of energy conservation environmental protection air conditioner
CN108253566A (en) * 2018-01-30 2018-07-06 苏州赛易特环保科技有限公司 A kind of energy-saving air-conditioner
CN108286764A (en) * 2018-01-30 2018-07-17 苏州赛易特环保科技有限公司 A kind of energy-saving and environment-friendly heat sink
CN108302676A (en) * 2018-01-30 2018-07-20 苏州赛易特环保科技有限公司 A kind of environment-friendly air conditioner

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Application publication date: 20150128