CN104302062B - A kind of illumination control system and method for employing multicolor LED intelligent plant factor - Google Patents

A kind of illumination control system and method for employing multicolor LED intelligent plant factor Download PDF

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CN104302062B
CN104302062B CN201410588304.4A CN201410588304A CN104302062B CN 104302062 B CN104302062 B CN 104302062B CN 201410588304 A CN201410588304 A CN 201410588304A CN 104302062 B CN104302062 B CN 104302062B
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plant
luminous power
photochromic
variety
luminous
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CN104302062A (en
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刘�文
刘路青
邵欢欢
许立新
姚培军
张智森
钱大憨
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Institute of Advanced Technology University of Science and Technology of China
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Institute of Advanced Technology University of Science and Technology of China
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B20/00Energy efficient lighting technologies, e.g. halogen lamps or gas discharge lamps
    • Y02B20/40Control techniques providing energy savings, e.g. smart controller or presence detection
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

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  • Cultivation Of Plants (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of illumination control system and method for employing multicolor LED intelligent plant factor, a variety of photochromic luminous power ratios are calculated by the luminous power for detecting different photochromic LED plant lamps, according to the luminous power ratio of a variety of photochromic LED plant lamps and it is default carry out calculating concurrent light extraction with reference to luminous power ratio shine control signal, the luminous power of the different photochromic LED plant lamps of illumination control signal control, so that a variety of photochromic luminous power ratios match with referring to luminous power ratio, to meet the lighting requirements of plant different growth phases.By carrying out continuous, real-time on-line water flushing to the luminous power of a variety of photochromic LED plant lamps, with reference to plant the luminous power of a variety of photochromic LED plant lamps is adjusted in the lighting requirements of different growth phases, so that the plant in plant factor is in optimal growth conditions, and the capacity usage ratio of plant factor is improved, has saved the energy.

Description

A kind of illumination control system and method for employing multicolor LED intelligent plant factor
Technical field
The present invention relates to plant factor's technical field, more particularly to a kind of employing multicolor LED intelligent plant factor Illumination control system and method.
Background technology
Plant factor's collection biotechnology, modern photoelectron technology, information technology, mechanical engineering, artificial environment control are contour Technology is agriculture highest developing stage generally acknowledged in the world in one, it is considered to be future solves population, resource, environment and asked One effective technology means of topic.There have been hundreds of plant factor's input fortune in external particularly American-European, Japan, South Korea OK, by planting the industrial crops such as ginseng, flowers, have begun to get a profit.The lettuce of plant factor's plantation, the seasonality such as tomato Vegetables also increasingly obtain the welcome of masses, are already present in many supermarkets including Taiwan.Plant factor can To save more than 90% water consumption, more than 90% chemical fertilizer;Because no pesticide grown, soilless culture, 100% ensure that food is pacified Entirely;Because multilayer is cultivated indoors, can be economized the land resource into hundred times;Because plant factor can build down town in, section About cost of transportation, additionally aids improvement urban air-quality.
Urbanization degree in China in Recent Years continent increasingly improves, while also faces anxiety and land pollution of land resource etc. A series of problems, plant factor are the effective schemes for solving these problems.In the past, plant factor is constrained mainly due to high energy consumption In the development of China;In recent years, illuminated using semiconductor light-emitting-diode (LED), the energy consumption of past plant factor is dropped Low about 50%.On the one hand it is because LED Energy Efficiency Ratio conventional light sources efficiency is high, is on the other hand because in the spectrum of conventional light source There are many unnecessary wavelength, it is few to the facilitation of plant growth.LED light source has that energy-conserving and environment-protective, caloric value are few, are easy to point Dissipate or combine many important features for being different from other traditional electric light sources such as control.There is provided in growing process using LED Illumination and regulation and control light quality, it is not only possible to regulate and control growing, shortening cultivation cycle, improve quality for plant, and can reduce Energy consumption, reduce cost.For example, there is research report to show recently, using 630nm red-light LEDs light source and 460nm blue light LED light source, and both proportionings are 8:When 1, most beneficial for growing for lettuce, lettuce nutritive index highest, and can be with Effectively reduce the power consumption of light source.
LED is used for plant factor, is still within early stage, and not only LED efficiencies improve the space that is still significantly improved, And LED light spectrum formula still has many work to do.Continue to develop efficient, intellectualized LED lighting, be expected to further carry Rise LED and be used for plant factor's technical merit, energy consumption is greatly reduced.
At present, the power proportions of plant factor's feux rouges and blue light are fixed, and actually distinct type plant is in difference Intensity of illumination and ratio required for growth phase are different, cause the plant in plant factor to be not in optimal life Long status, and the polychromatic lights such as red indigo plant can not be carried out according to the growth conditions of plant continuous, online illumination monitoring in real time and Illumination controls.
The content of the invention
For technical problem existing for current plant factor, the present invention proposes a kind of employing multicolor LED intelligent plant The illumination control system and method for thing factory.
A kind of illumination control system of employing multicolor LED proposed by the present invention intelligent plant factor, including:A variety of light Color LED plant lamps, optical power detecting device, illumination control device, plant lamp control circuit;
Optical power detecting device is connected with illumination control device, and illumination control device is connected with plant lamp control circuit, is planted Thing lamp control circuit is connected with a variety of photochromic LED plant lamps;
A variety of photochromic LED plant lamps are arranged in plant factor provides a variety of photochromic illumination for plant;Optical power detecting Device is used for the luminous power for detecting different photochromic LED plant lamps;Illumination control device is used for according to a variety of photochromic LED plant lamps Luminous power ratio and it is default carry out calculating concurrent light extraction with reference to luminous power ratio shine control signal, wherein with reference to lighting Power proportions are to be determined according to plant in the lighting requirements of different growth phases;Plant lamp control circuit controls according to illumination The luminous power of the different photochromic LED plant lamps of signal control so that the luminous power ratio of a variety of photochromic LED plant lamps and reference Luminous power ratio matches, to meet the lighting requirements of plant different growth phases.
Preferably, the plant lamp control circuit controls the luminous of a variety of photochromic LED plant lamps according to illumination control signal Power includes:Plant lamp control circuit by controlling the quantity of turning on light of every kind of photochromic LED plant lamps, and/or, control is every kind of photochromic The supply voltage or supply current of LED plant lamps control the luminous power of a variety of photochromic LED plant lamps.
Preferably, a variety of photochromic LED plant lamps include red globe lamp and blue-ray light, and optical power detecting device includes feux rouges power Detection device and blue power detection device, red optical power detecting device are used for the luminous power for detecting red globe lamp, blue power Detection device is used for the luminous power for detecting blue-ray light.
Preferably, the quantitative proportion of red globe lamp and blue-ray light is 4-6:1, preferably 5:1;Preferably, the different growths of plant The lighting requirements ratio in stage is different, and the luminous power ratio of feux rouges and blue light is in 10-2:1.
Preferably, a variety of photochromic LED plant lamps also include infrared lamp and/or uviol lamp, and optical power detecting device also includes Infrared optical power detecting device and uv power detection device, infrared optical power detecting device are used to detect the luminous of infrared lamp Power, uv power detection device are used for the luminous power for detecting uviol lamp.
Preferably, optical power detecting device includes optical power detecting module, and optical power detecting module includes crystal silicon photovoltaic core Piece and the glass negative for being coated with bandpass filtering film for being covered in crystal silicon photovoltaic chip surface, bandpass filtering film is by multi-coated interference film group Into bandpass filtering film only allows to have the light of predetermined wavelength range to pass through;Preferably, it is provided with an optical power detecting device One optical power detecting module, an optical power detecting device can detect a kind of luminous power of photochromic LED plant lamps;It is preferred that Ground, multiple optical power detecting modules, the bandpass filtering of multiple optical power detecting modules are integrated in an optical power detecting device Film allows the wave-length coverage difference of the light passed through, and an optical power detecting device can detect the hair of a variety of photochromic LED plant lamps Luminous power;Preferably, optical power detecting device also includes signal amplification circuit and A/D change-over circuits, optical power detecting module with Signal amplification circuit connects, and signal amplification circuit is used to be amplified processing, signal amplification circuit and A/D to the signal detected Change-over circuit connects, and A/D change-over circuits are used to be converted into data signal to the signal progress A/D by amplification.
Preferably, multiple optical power detecting devices are set between the plant of plant and/or between blade to different photochromic The luminous power of LED plant lamps is detected;Preferably, illumination control device can be according to the spy of multiple optical power detecting devices Survey the uniformity of the luminous power of different photochromic LED plant lamps in the space environment of result calculating plant factor.
Preferably, the luminous power ratio and pre- timing that illumination control device can also be according to a variety of photochromic LED plant lamps Between section plant growth situation analyzed and according to analysis result adjustment refer to luminous power ratio.
Preferably, with reference to luminous power ratio be according to plant in different growth phases a variety of photochromic hairs in sunshine Luminous power and determine;Preferably, it is that one or more preferably production regions are according to plant with reference to luminous power ratio Determined with a variety of photochromic luminous powers in sunshine during the season of growth;Preferably, in LED plant lamp initial luminous, Illumination control device controls a variety of photochromic LED plant lamps to be worked under with reference to luminous power ratio by plant lamp control circuit.
The invention also provides a kind of illumination control method of employing multicolor LED intelligent plant factor, apply upper State in illumination control system, the illumination control method includes:
S1, the luminous power for separately detecting different photochromic LED plant lamps;
The hair of a variety of photochromic LED plant lamps is calculated in the luminous power for the different photochromic LED plant lamps that S2, basis measure Luminous power ratio;
S3, according to luminous power ratio and default calculate concurrent light extraction with reference to luminous power ratio and believe according to control Number, wherein with reference to luminous power ratio being determined according to the lighting requirements of plant different growth phases;
S4, the luminous power according to the different photochromic LED plant lamps of illumination control signal control so that a variety of photochromic lights Power proportions with reference to luminous power ratio with matching, to meet the lighting requirements of plant different growth phases;
Preferably, it is described to control the luminous power of a variety of photochromic LED plant lamps specific according to illumination control signal in S4 It is as follows:By controlling the quantity of turning on light of every kind of photochromic LED plant lamps, and/or, control the power supply of every kind of photochromic LED plant lamps electric Pressure or supply current control the luminous power of a variety of photochromic LED plant lamps.
In the illumination control process of the present invention, the luminous power by detecting different photochromic LED plant lamps is calculated more The luminous power ratio of the photochromic LED plant lamps of kind, counted according to luminous power ratio and the default luminous power ratio that refers to Calculate concurrent light extraction and shine control signal, and then the luminous power of different photochromic LED plant lamps is controlled according to illumination control signal so that A variety of photochromic luminous power ratios with reference to luminous power ratio with matching, to meet the illumination need of plant different growth phases Ask.
By carrying out continuous, real-time on-line water flushing to the luminous power of a variety of photochromic LED plant lamps, and then according to plant The luminous power of a variety of photochromic LED plant lamps is adjusted in the lighting requirements of different growth phases, is provided rationally for plant growth Sufficient illumination nutrition so that the plant in plant factor is in optimal growth conditions, is advantageous to the growth of plant, and carry The capacity usage ratio of Gao Liao plant factors, has saved the energy.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of illumination control system of the intelligent plant factor for employing multicolor LED that the embodiment of the present invention proposes Structural representation.
Fig. 2 is a kind of structural representation for optical power detecting device that the embodiment of the present invention proposes.
Fig. 3 is a kind of illumination control method of the intelligent plant factor for employing multicolor LED that the embodiment of the present invention proposes Schematic flow sheet.
Embodiment
As shown in figure 1, Fig. 1 is a kind of light of the intelligent plant factor for employing multicolor LED that the embodiment of the present invention proposes According to the structural representation of control system.
Reference picture 1, a kind of illumination control system of the intelligent plant factor for employing multicolor LED that the embodiment of the present invention proposes System, including:A variety of photochromic LED plant lamps, optical power detecting device, illumination control device, plant lamp control circuit;
A variety of photochromic LED plant lamps are provided with intelligent plant factor, a variety of photochromic LED plant lamps include red LED Plant lamp and blue led plant lamp, also, both quantity is respectively M individual and N number of, wherein, red LED plant lamp and blueness LED plant lamps glow respectively and blue light, and feux rouges illumination and blue light illumination are provided for the plant in intelligent plant factor;
Optical power detecting device includes red optical power detecting device and blue power detection device, wherein, feux rouges power is visited Survey device to be used to detect the feux rouges luminous power that red LED plant lamp is sent, blue power detection device is used to detect blue led plant The blue light luminous power that thing lamp is sent;Specifically, multiple feux rouges power detections are set between the plant of plant and/or between blade Device and multiple blue power detection devices;
Red optical power detecting device and blue power detection device is connected with illumination control device, illumination control device according to The red light-emitting power and blue light emitting power that detect calculates red blue power ratio;It is preset with illumination control device With reference to luminous power ratio, wherein, it is true in the lighting requirements of different growth phases according to plant with reference to luminous power ratio Fixed;Illumination control device is used to be calculated simultaneously according to red blue power ratio and default be compared with reference to luminous power ratio Send illumination control signal;
Illumination control device is connected with plant lamp control circuit, plant lamp control circuit respectively with red LED plant lamp and Blue led plant lamp connects;Plant lamp control circuit controls red LED plant lamp and blue led to plant according to illumination control signal The luminous power of thing lamp so that red blue light emitting power proportions with reference to luminous power ratio with matching, to meet plant difference The lighting requirements of growth phase.
In illumination control process, hot blue power ratio is less than when referring to luminous power ratio, according to both differences Value sends the first illumination control signal to control red LED plant lamp and blue led plant lamp by plant lamp control circuit Luminous power, hot blue power ratio send the second illumination control more than when referring to luminous power ratio according to both differences Signal processed to control the luminous power of red LED plant lamp and blue led plant lamp by plant lamp control circuit so that Red blue light emitting power proportions with reference to luminous power ratio with matching.
In specific implementation, plant lamp control circuit controls red LED plant lamp and blue led according to illumination control signal The luminous power of plant lamp, it can carry out in the following way:A, by controlling red LED plant lamp and blue led plant lamp Turn on light quantity to control its luminous power respectively;B, by controlling supply voltage or the power supply of every kind of red LED plant lamp Electric current controls the luminous power of red LED plant lamp, by the supply voltage or the power supply that control every kind of blue led plant lamp Electric current controls the luminous power of blue led plant lamp;C, the mode that is combined using A modes and B modes controls red LED The luminous power of plant lamp and blue led plant lamp.
In actual application, the ratio requirement according to plant growth to feux rouges and blue light, the number of red LED plant lamp The initial number for measuring the quantity N of M and blue led plant lamp can be with M:N=5:1, red blue power ratio can give birth to according to plant It is long to need from 10:1 to 2:1 change.
In the above-described embodiments, optical power detecting device includes optical power detecting module, signal amplification circuit and A/D conversions Circuit, optical power detecting module include crystal silicon photovoltaic chip and are covered in the bandpass filtering film that is coated with of crystal silicon photovoltaic chip surface Glass negative, bandpass filtering film are made up of multi-coated interference film, and bandpass filtering film only allows to have the light of predetermined wavelength range to pass through; Wherein, the bandpass filtering film in red optical power detecting device only allows the feux rouges that wavelength is 630nm to 660nm to pass through, blue light work( Bandpass filtering film in rate detection device only allows the blue light that wavelength is 440nm to 470nm to pass through, and exports in the form of voltage; Optical power detecting module is connected with signal amplification circuit, and signal amplification circuit is used to be amplified place to the voltage signal detected Reason, signal amplification circuit are connected with A/D change-over circuits, and A/D change-over circuits are used to turn the voltage signal progress A/D by amplification Change data signal into.
In the above-described embodiments, red optical power detecting device and blue power detection device can be individually present;It is or red Optical power detecting device and blue power detection device can be integrated in modular form in an optical power detecting device, one Optical power detecting device can detect the luminous power of feux rouges and blue light simultaneously.
As shown in Fig. 2 Fig. 2 is a kind of structural representation for optical power detecting device that the embodiment of the present invention proposes.
Reference picture 2, a kind of optical power detecting device that the embodiment of the present invention proposes, it includes housing 1 and transparent optical window Mouth 2, transparent optical window 2 are arranged on housing 1, and feux rouges power detection module and blue power detection mould are provided with housing 1 Block, wherein, feux rouges power detection module and blue power detecting module all include crystal silicon photovoltaic chip 3 and are covered in crystal silicon photovoltaic The glass negative 4 for being coated with bandpass filtering film 5 on the surface of chip 3, bandpass filtering film 5 are made up of multi-coated interference film, and feux rouges power is visited The feux rouges for surveying 5 permission 630nm to 660nm of bandpass filtering film of module passes through, the bandpass filtering film 5 of blue power detecting module Only allow 440nm to 470nm blue light to pass through, also, output pin 6 is respectively equipped with two optical power detecting modules, lead to Output pin 6 is crossed to export the optical power signals detected in the form of voltage respectively.Two luminous powers are visited by integration mode Survey module to be arranged in an optical power detecting device, can so detect the luminous power of feux rouges and blue light simultaneously.
In a further embodiment, according to the detection of multiple red optical power detecting devices and multiple blue power detection devices As a result, illumination control device can according to result of detection calculate plant factor space environment in the luminous power of feux rouges and blue light Uniformity, and further according to result of calculation come adjust the installation site of red LED plant lamp and blue led plant lamp, shine The parameters such as direction are penetrated, to meet uniformity requirement.
In the above-described embodiments, it is true in the lighting requirements of different growth phases according to plant with reference to luminous power ratio It is fixed, specifically, with reference to luminous power ratio be according to plant in different growth phases feux rouges and indigo plant in nature sunshine The luminous power of light and determine.
Sun when optimal production region and high yield growth season can be according to different plants with reference to luminous power ratio A variety of photochromic luminous powers in light and determine, for example, planting grape in intelligent plant factor or during matrimony vine, Ke Yigen According to Xinjiang region or Ningxia, China at high-yield plant season, grape or matrimony vine in the sunshine of different growth phases feux rouges and The luminous power of blue light.Or with reference to luminous power ratio can according to different plants be in it is multiple preferably production regions and A variety of photochromic luminous powers are averaged and determined again in sunshine during the season of growth, for example, in intelligent plant factor During middle planting vegetable, can according to the corresponding vegetables in home and overseas different regions in the sunshine of different growth phases feux rouges and The luminous power of blue light, and calculated and obtained using appropriate calculation.
In the illumination control process of intelligent plant factor, in LED plant lamp initial luminous, illumination control device leads to Cross plant lamp control circuit control red LED plant lamp and blue led plant lamp works under with reference to luminous power ratio, so as to So that plant grows since early growth period is under preferable illumination nutrition.
In the above-described embodiments, it is true in the lighting requirements of different growth phases according to plant with reference to luminous power ratio Fixed, in actual mechanical process, it can be entered according to growing state of the plant under with reference to luminous power ratio or growth tendency Row analysis, and luminous power is referred to come redjustment and modification according to analysis result.During specific implementation, illumination control device is to planting Thing is recorded and stored in the red light-emitting power and blue light emitting power of different phase, in scheduled time section, works as plant Thing production can be sent out when varying less or when there is the underfed external manifestation of other illumination by increasing or reducing red blue light Luminous power ratio simultaneously observes its growing state, so as to obtain the more preferably red blue power ratio in the growth phase, further Ground can be replaced or adjust to the red blue power ratio with reference to the growth phase in luminous power ratio, to reach optimization With reference to the purpose of luminous power ratio.
In actual application, according to being actually needed the visible LED that can also set other colors such as green glow, gold-tinted Plant lamp, green optical power detecting device, yellow optical power detecting device etc. is correspondingly set to be detected respectively to its luminous power, and And a variety of photochromic optical power detecting devices can also be integrated in an optical power detecting device, repeated no more secondary.
In a further embodiment, in order to which the growth of plant provides full nutrition, LED plant lamps also include infrared LED and planted Luminous infrared light and ultraviolet light are thought respectively for thing lamp and/or ultraviolet LED plant lamp, infrared LED plant lamp and ultraviolet LED plant lamp Plant in intelligent plant factor provides infrared light illumination and UV Light;Correspondingly also include infrared optical power detecting to fill Put with uv power detection device, both be respectively used to detect the luminous power of infrared light that infrared light LED plant lamps send and The luminous power for the ultraviolet light that ultraviolet leds plant lamp is sent.
Further, can also by infrared optical power detecting device and uv power detection device with modular form with Red optical power detecting device and blue power detection device is integrated in an optical power detecting device, and sets output pin will The optical power signals detected export in the form of voltage.
In actual application, other colors in addition to infrared, ultraviolet can also be set according to being actually needed Black light LED plant lamps, correspondingly optical power detecting device is set to detect its luminous power.
In the embodiment of the present invention, by carrying out continuous, online in real time visit to the luminous power of a variety of photochromic LED plant lamps Survey, and then the luminous power of a variety of photochromic LED plant lamps is adjusted in the lighting requirements of different growth phases according to plant, to plant Thing growth provides rationally sufficient illumination nutrition so that the plant in plant factor is in optimal growth conditions, is advantageous to plant The growth of thing, and the capacity usage ratio of plant factor is improved, save the energy.
As shown in Fig. 2 the illumination that Fig. 2 is a kind of employing multicolor LED intelligent plant factor proposed by the present invention controls The schematic flow sheet of system.
Reference picture 2, a kind of illumination control method of employing multicolor LED intelligent plant factor proposed by the present invention should In the illumination control system of above-mentioned employing multicolor LED intelligent plant factor, the illumination control method includes:
S1, the luminous power for separately detecting different photochromic LED plant lamps;
The hair of a variety of photochromic LED plant lamps is calculated in the luminous power for the different photochromic LED plant lamps that S2, basis measure Luminous power ratio;
S3, according to luminous power ratio and default calculate concurrent light extraction with reference to luminous power ratio and believe according to control Number, wherein with reference to luminous power ratio being determined according to the lighting requirements of plant different growth phases;
S4, the luminous power according to the different photochromic LED plant lamps of illumination control signal control so that a variety of photochromic lights Power proportions with reference to luminous power ratio with matching, to meet the lighting requirements of plant different growth phases.
Wherein, it is described to control the luminous power of a variety of photochromic LED plant lamps specific such as according to illumination control signal in S4 Under:By controlling the quantity of turning on light of every kind of photochromic LED plant lamps, and/or, the supply voltage of the every kind of photochromic LED plant lamps of control Or supply current controls the luminous power of a variety of photochromic LED plant lamps.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, but protection scope of the present invention be not limited thereto, Any one skilled in the art the invention discloses technical scope in, technique according to the invention scheme and its Inventive concept is subject to equivalent substitution or change, should all be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

  1. A kind of 1. illumination control system of employing multicolor LED intelligent plant factor, it is characterised in that including:It is a variety of photochromic LED plant lamps, optical power detecting device, illumination control device, plant lamp control circuit;
    Optical power detecting device is connected with illumination control device, and illumination control device is connected with plant lamp control circuit, plant lamp Control circuit is connected with a variety of photochromic LED plant lamps;
    A variety of photochromic LED plant lamps are arranged in plant factor provides a variety of photochromic illumination for plant;Optical power detecting device For detecting the luminous power of different photochromic LED plant lamps;Illumination control device is used for the hair according to a variety of photochromic LED plant lamps Luminous power ratio and it is default carry out calculating concurrent light extraction with reference to luminous power ratio shine control signal, wherein with reference to luminous power Ratio be according to plant in different growth phases in sunshine a variety of photochromic luminous powers and determine;Plant lamp control electricity Road controls the luminous power of different photochromic LED plant lamps according to illumination control signal so that a variety of photochromic LED plant lamps light Power proportions with reference to luminous power ratio with matching, to meet the lighting requirements of plant different growth phases;
    The plant lamp control circuit controls the luminous power of a variety of photochromic LED plant lamps to include according to illumination control signal:Plant Thing lamp control circuit by controlling the quantity of turning on light of every kind of photochromic LED plant lamps, and/or, control every kind of photochromic LED plant lamps Supply voltage or supply current control the luminous power of a variety of photochromic LED plant lamps;A variety of photochromic LED plant lamps include red Light lamp and blue-ray light, optical power detecting device include red optical power detecting device and blue power detection device, and feux rouges power is visited The luminous power that device is used to detect red globe lamp is surveyed, blue power detection device is used for the luminous power for detecting blue-ray light;
    Illumination control device can also be according to the luminous power ratio of a variety of photochromic LED plant lamps and the plant in scheduled time section Growing state is analyzed and refers to luminous power ratio according to analysis result adjustment;During specific implementation, illumination control Device is recorded and stored in the red light-emitting power and blue light emitting power of different phase to plant, in scheduled time section In, can be by increasing or reducing when plant production varies less or when there is the underfed external manifestation of other illumination Red blue light emitting power proportions simultaneously observe its growing state, so as to obtain the more preferably red blue power ratio in the growth phase Example, further the red blue power ratio with reference to the growth phase in luminous power ratio can be replaced or be adjusted, To reach purpose of the optimization with reference to luminous power ratio;
    In LED plant lamp initial luminous, illumination control device controls a variety of photochromic LED plant lamps by plant lamp control circuit Worked under with reference to luminous power ratio.
  2. 2. the illumination control system of employing multicolor LED according to claim 1 intelligent plant factor, its feature exist In being when being in one or more preferably production regions and the season of growth according to plant in sunshine with reference to luminous power ratio A variety of photochromic luminous powers and determine.
  3. 3. the illumination control system of employing multicolor LED according to claim 1 intelligent plant factor, its feature exist In the quantitative proportion of red globe lamp and blue-ray light is 4-6:1.
  4. 4. the illumination control system of employing multicolor LED according to claim 3 intelligent plant factor, its feature exist In the quantitative proportion of red globe lamp and blue-ray light is 5:1;The lighting requirements ratio of plant different growth phases is different, feux rouges and indigo plant The luminous power ratio of light is in 10-2:1.
  5. 5. the illumination control system of employing multicolor LED according to claim 1 intelligent plant factor, its feature exist In a variety of photochromic LED plant lamps also include infrared lamp and/or uviol lamp, and optical power detecting device also includes infrared luminous power and visited Device and uv power detection device are surveyed, infrared optical power detecting device is used for the luminous power for detecting infrared lamp, ultraviolet light Power detection device is used for the luminous power for detecting uviol lamp.
  6. 6. the illumination control system of the intelligent plant factor of the employing multicolor LED according to any one of claim 1-5, Characterized in that, optical power detecting device includes optical power detecting module, optical power detecting module include crystal silicon photovoltaic chip and The glass negative for being coated with bandpass filtering film of crystal silicon photovoltaic chip surface is covered in, bandpass filtering film is made up of multi-coated interference film, Bandpass filtering film only allows to have the light of predetermined wavelength range to pass through;A luminous power is provided with an optical power detecting device Detecting module, an optical power detecting device can detect a kind of luminous power of photochromic LED plant lamps.
  7. 7. according to the illumination control system of the intelligent plant factor of the employing multicolor LED described in claim 6, its feature exists In integrated multiple optical power detecting modules, the bandpass filtering of multiple optical power detecting modules in an optical power detecting device Film allows the wave-length coverage difference of the light passed through, and an optical power detecting device can detect the hair of a variety of photochromic LED plant lamps Luminous power;Optical power detecting device also includes signal amplification circuit and A/D change-over circuits, and optical power detecting module is amplified with signal Circuit connects, and signal amplification circuit is used to be amplified the signal detected processing, signal amplification circuit and A/D change-over circuits Connection, A/D change-over circuits are used to be converted into data signal to the signal progress A/D by amplification.
  8. 8. the illumination control system of the intelligent plant factor of the employing multicolor LED according to any one of claim 1-5, Characterized in that, multiple optical power detecting devices are set to plant different photochromic LED between the plant of plant and/or between blade The luminous power of thing lamp is detected;Illumination control device can calculate according to the result of detection of multiple optical power detecting devices plants The uniformity of the luminous power of different photochromic LED plant lamps in the space environment of thing factory.
  9. 9. a kind of illumination control method of employing multicolor LED intelligent plant factor, it is characterised in that apply in claim In the illumination control system of the intelligent plant factor of employing multicolor LED described in 1-5, the illumination control method includes:
    S1, the luminous power for separately detecting different photochromic LED plant lamps;
    The luminous work(of a variety of photochromic LED plant lamps is calculated in the luminous power for the different photochromic LED plant lamps that S2, basis measure Rate ratio;
    S3, according to luminous power ratio and it is default carry out calculating concurrent light extraction with reference to luminous power ratio shine control signal, its Middle with reference to luminous power ratio is determined according to the lighting requirements of plant different growth phases;
    S4, the luminous power according to the different photochromic LED plant lamps of illumination control signal control so that a variety of photochromic luminous powers Ratio with reference to luminous power ratio with matching, to meet the lighting requirements of plant different growth phases;It is described according to illumination control Signal processed controls the luminous power of a variety of photochromic LED plant lamps specific as follows:By controlling turning on light for every kind of photochromic LED plant lamps Quantity, and/or, supply voltage or the supply current of every kind of photochromic LED plant lamps are controlled to control a variety of photochromic LED plant lamps Luminous power.
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