CN104278769B - Shock insulation, damping or the energy consumption laminar structure system of improved non-horizontal linear section - Google Patents

Shock insulation, damping or the energy consumption laminar structure system of improved non-horizontal linear section Download PDF

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CN104278769B
CN104278769B CN201310297880.9A CN201310297880A CN104278769B CN 104278769 B CN104278769 B CN 104278769B CN 201310297880 A CN201310297880 A CN 201310297880A CN 104278769 B CN104278769 B CN 104278769B
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shock insulation
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赵世峰
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赵世峰
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Abstract

Shock insulation, damping or the energy consumption laminar structure system of improved non-horizontal linear section, a part of shock insulation, the vertical cross section of damping or energy consumption layer or horizontal direction section may be selected to be oblique line shape, curved shape, fold-line-shaped or combining form.Rotation shock insulation, damping or the energy consumption laminar structure system of improved non-horizontal linear section, rotation shock insulation, the vertical cross section of damping or energy consumption layer or horizontal direction section may be selected to be oblique line shape, curved shape, fold-line-shaped or combining form.Vertical earthquake isolating, damping or the energy consumption laminar structure system of improved non-horizontal linear section, vertical earthquake isolating, the vertical cross section of damping or energy consumption layer or horizontal direction section may be selected to be oblique line shape, curved shape, fold-line-shaped or combining form.The shock insulation of improved non-horizontal linear section, damping or energy consumption layer can antidumping, can limit, reduce the rotation displacement that topples, can prevent from being more than maximum allowable displacement, shock isolating pedestal pulling force can be reduced, it can be achieved that long-periodic structure damping, avoidable " self-locking ";Shock insulation, damping, the settable multiple tracks vertical section of energy consumption layer or oblique section.

Description

Shock insulation, damping or the energy consumption laminar structure system of improved non-horizontal linear section
Technical field
The present invention relates to several building structure shock insulations, damping, dissipative devices, be related to non-horizontal linear (e.g., fold-line-shaped, Curved shape or a combination thereof) Seismic Isolation of Isolation Layer, buffer layer or consume energy layer building structure shock insulation, damping, dissipative devices, can antidumping. It is shock insulation, damping, the dissipative devices that can be adapted for skyscraper or the larger building of depth-width ratio;Can be used for tall and slender structure, Multilayered structure.Tilting moment can be resisted, displacement of toppling, rotation displacement can be limited.It can have the comparison of larger structure rigidity Variation adjustment.The section of the Seismic Isolation of Isolation Layer of setting, buffer layer or the layer that consumes energy can be the combination of fold-line-shaped, curved shape or both.
Background technique
Currently, well known seismic isolation technology is horizontal seismic isolation layer, i.e. base isolation to be arranged in building structure bottom, or building It builds middle part and horizontal seismic isolation layer, i.e. Interlayer seismic isolation is set, but resist the poor ability of horizontal tilting moment, weight resistance can only be leaned on Tilting moment is shaken, so that application of the isolation structure in skyscraper is restricted, the especially big structure of depth-width ratio is more difficult to Use seismic isolation technology.
Horizontal seismic isolation layer is only arranged in isolation structure at present, and high-rise shock insulation is also limited to that horizontal seismic isolation layer is only arranged, lacks Be trapped in: have and topple problem (tensile capacity is poor), the imperfect problem of isolating affection (period is long), depth-width ratio restricted problem, The tensile measure of use there are problems that " self-locking ", tensile measure restrained deformation ability instead when large deformation.These problems are made at present The problem generally acknowledged for industry still perplexs field of civil engineering, for many years the always universally recognized open problems of industry. Current thinking, which only reduces, topples power or improves support tensile capacity, still only sets horizontal seismic isolation layer, is that alleviation is dangerous, no It can solve the problems, such as at all, it is entirely different with the method for the present patent application.Country " seismic design provision in building code " GB50011-2010 Still isolation structure depth-width ratio is limited, it is desirable that carry out whole checking computations of toppling, prevent support from tensile stress occur.And GB50011-2008 Also maximum height limit is in 40 meters, and restrictive cycle is in 1.0 seconds.
Summary of the invention
Horizontal seismic isolation layer is only set in order to solve current more, high-rise isolated, there is the problem (tensile capacity that topples Difference), the imperfect problem of isolating affection (period is long), depth-width ratio restricted problem, avoid " self-locking " problem, in order to improve structure Shock insulation, cushioning ability, the present invention provides several corrective measures, with solve presently, there are the technical issues of, defect and correlation It studies, using difficult point.
In antiseismic fortified defence area, in order to overcome existing seismic isolation technology in skyscraper resistance to tipping moment scarce capacity and Using limited deficiency, in order to improve lateral resisting structure horizontal rigidity, in order to improve Structural Energy Dissipation ability, in order to improve shock insulation effect Fruit, the present invention provides several corrective measures, these measures can provide the ability for resisting the horizontal tilting moment of isolation structure, support The ability of ant wind load increases the rigidity of structure, increases energy dissipation capacity, while having the effect of shock insulation, damping, energy consumption, Ke Yiying again For skyscraper, large ratio of height to width building, the shock insulation of high-rise buildings, damping or energy consumption.The present invention also can be applied to multilayer and build It builds.
Seismic Isolation of Isolation Layer: being arranged several shock isolating pedestals, buffer layer: several damping branch are arranged in the layer with large deformation ability Energy-consuming device is set in the layer or Seismic Isolation of Isolation Layer of seat or shock-absorption support, weak floor can also be used as a kind of buffer layer.Consume energy layer: It is arranged in several energy dissipating supports or the layer or Seismic Isolation of Isolation Layer of bearing and energy-consuming device is set, weak floor can also be used as a kind of consumption Ergosphere.
(e.g., oblique line shape, fold-line-shaped, curved shape or a combination thereof) Seismic Isolation of Isolation Layer, buffer layer of non-horizontal linear (section) Or energy consumption layer: refer to that the vertical cross section of Seismic Isolation of Isolation Layer, buffer layer or the layer that consumes energy can be oblique line shape, fold-line-shaped, curved shape or three It is combined (be the section of " layer ", have ignored the size perpendicular to line style direction, have ignored shock isolating pedestal, damper, locking dress The size set;It is " one " shape if horizontal segment ignores height, vertical section ignores thickness, is " | " shape, oblique section is ignored thickness, is "/" shape), it can antidumping;Fold-line-shaped for example," shape, "" shape, "" shape, "" shape, "Shape, "" shape, "” Shape, "" shape, "" shape,Shape.This broken line, curved shape Seismic Isolation of Isolation Layer, buffer layer, energy consumption layer have with commonly Linear type horizontal seismic isolation layer different feature and ability, each support can not be in same levels, so that Seismic Isolation of Isolation Layer, damping Layer, damper, has difference in height between locking device at the energy consumption support of layer different location, these supports with difference in height, resistance Buddhist nun's device, locking device can to shock insulation, shock-absorbing main bodies structure provide bending resistance, resistance to capsizing, have stronger resistance to capsizing, Energy dissipation capacity, damping effect, limit levels displacement and rotation displacement ability.Structures isolation effect layer, buffer layer or the non-aqueous of layer that consume energy The enough horizontal relative displacement spaces of flat section part indwelling (clear distance between structure on two sides) guarantee the maximum horizontal displacement allowed. The horizontal profile of the Seismic Isolation of Isolation Layer of non-horizontal linear, buffer layer or the layer that consumes energy is also possible to oblique line shape, fold-line-shaped, curved shape or three Person's is combined.
Isolation structure portion can be divided by the way that unconventional, non-level Seismic Isolation of Isolation Layer, buffer layer or energy consumption layer, structure is arranged Divide, the combination of energy-dissipation structure part, anti-seismic structure part;The rigidity of structure can be adjusted artificially, can greatly improve antidetonation part Rigidity can substantially reduce the rigidity of shock insulation part, or vice versa;The harm that rigidity mutation can be reduced, overcomes the uneven band of rigidity The difficulties such as the internal force that comes, displacement, deformation be uneven, overcome the shortcomings of anti-seismic structure, overcome the limitation of isolation structure.
(e.g., oblique line shape, fold-line-shaped, curved shape or a combination thereof) Seismic Isolation of Isolation Layer, buffer layer or energy consumption of non-horizontal linear Layer structure can be used for structural strengthening, transformation.Base isolation reinforcement, transformation are carried out to antidetonation or energy-dissipation structure, to shock insulation, energy-dissipation structure into Row antidumping is reinforced, is transformed, and the resistance to capsizing, energy dissipation capacity, damping effect of structure are increased.
The rigidity of anti-seismic structure part can be larger, and the rigidity of isolation structure part can be smaller.Energy dissipating portion is except level Arrangement is outer, can be vertically arranged, so that damping can be arranged along short transverse, has resistance to capsizing, rotation energy dissipation capacity, reduces Rotation displacement ability.Equally, limiting device, locking device can also be vertically arranged, so that limiting device, locking device can edges Short transverse arrangement, has resistance to capsizing, rotary spacing ability and locking ability.
(e.g., oblique line shape, fold-line-shaped, curved shape or a combination thereof) Seismic Isolation of Isolation Layer, buffer layer or energy consumption of non-horizontal linear Layer structure, can antidumping, can make structures isolation effect support, shock mount, damping, limiting device, locking device have difference in height, such as In shock isolating pedestal, shock mount, damping, limiting device, the locking device of the horizontal parallel fragment position of difference, have in parallel Difference in height generates elastic recovery torque, damping torque, limit levels displacement, rotation displacement, lock to generate torque when stress Determine horizontal displacement, rotation displacement.
Equally, horizontal seismic isolation support, damping, limiting device, locking device vertically, it is diagonally disposed, structures isolation effect can be made Support, damping, limiting device, locking device have difference in height, to generate torque when stress, generate elastic recovery torque, resistance Buddhist nun's torque, limit levels displacement, rotation displacement, locks horizontal displacement, rotation displacement.
Horizontal seismic isolation support vertically, it is diagonally disposed, can also utilize horizontal seismic isolation support compressional stiffness, limit shock insulation The rotation of structure division, vertically provides resistance to tipping moment.Limiting device, locking device vertically, it is diagonally disposed, can also limit Position, locking vertical displacement, achieve the purpose that antidumping, and do not influence isolating affection.Its direction for acting on, being displaced, in addition to edge Outside horizontal direction, shock isolating pedestal, damping, limiting device, locking device can also vertically, it is diagonally disposed.
Shock isolating pedestal, damping, limiting device, locking device can be needed according to function, design and be arranged along any direction.
Seismic Isolation of Isolation Layer be also readily modified as energy consumption layer, can still have it is above-mentioned institute it is functional, only reset capability is slightly poor, rigidity compared with Greatly.
Except horizontally outward, Seismic Isolation of Isolation Layer, buffer layer, energy consumption layer may be vertical earthquake isolating layer, buffer layer, energy consumption layer.
This shock insulation part, energy dissipating portion, the combined isolation of antidetonation part, damping, energy-dissipation structure system also have TMD (frequency modulation mass damping) effect.
Vertical earthquake isolating layer, buffer layer, energy consumption layer: setting vertical earthquake isolating support, damper, energy consumer, damper, limit dress It sets, the part of locking device (settable all or part), or the part with vertical earthquake isolating, damping or the function that consumes energy. It can be combined with horizontal seismic isolation support or be combined into three-dimensional isolation layer, buffer layer, energy consumption layer with horizontal seismic isolation, damping, energy consumption layer group.
Vertical buffer layer, energy consumption layer: vertical shock mount, energy consumer, damper, limiting device, locking device are set Part, or the part with vertical damping or the function that consumes energy.Can be combined with horizontal shock-absorbing support or with horizontal shock-absorbing, consumption Ergosphere group is combined into three-dimensional buffer layer, energy consumption layer.
Rotate layer: or for rotation shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer, be a kind of shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer, there is rotation energy Power has to the shock insulation of torque, damping or energy dissipation capacity, can relatively rotate between layer is upper and lower, the shock insulation of different location in layer, Shock mount direction is different, but can center of rotation having the same, company of the support sidesway direction perpendicular to support and center of rotation Line, for example, each support on the same spherical surface, is directed toward the centre of sphere, direction of displacement is that spherical surface is tangential;Each shock insulation, shock mount in layer Can not also be on same spherical surface or camber line, and center of rotation having the same, for example, each support can be in same level height Position, but tilt angle is different, can rotate around same central point.The vertical cross section and horizontal profile for rotating layer can be oblique line Shape, curved shape, fold-line-shaped or combining form (have ignored the size perpendicular to line style direction, have ignored shock isolating pedestal, damper, The size of locking device).
Level course (horizontal seismic isolation, damping or energy consumption layer): there is horizontal displacement ability, vertical cross section and horizontal profile can To be that oblique line shape, curved shape, fold-line-shaped or combining form (have ignored the size perpendicular to line style direction, have ignored shock insulation branch The size of seat, damper, locking device).
The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind of shock insulation of non-horizontal linear section subtracts Shake or energy consumption laminar structure system, take shock insulation, glissando, it is characterized in that: can antidumping, be provided with shock insulation, damping or energy consumption Layer, shock insulation, the vertical cross section of damping or energy consumption layer or horizontal direction section may be selected to be oblique line shape, curved shape, fold-line-shaped or combination Form (non-horizontal linear), can also with subsection setup shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer, shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer in it is settable Shock isolating pedestal, shock mount, damper, locking device, limiting device, spring, elastic bearing or combination settings;Foundation function, Shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer sectional are shock insulation section, energy consumption section, free segment, antidumping section, limit section, rotational segment or combined segment; This shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer have resistance to capsizing in addition to shock insulation, cushioning ability, and there is limitation, reduction to topple and turn The ability of dynamic displacement, has the ability prevented more than maximum allowable displacement, has the ability for reducing shock isolating pedestal pulling force, has consumption Energy ability has horizontal TMD, vertical TMD, rotation TMD ability, has the ability for improving long-periodic structure damping effect, avoid " self-locking " problem;Or it can be used for the irregular, shock insulation of labyrinth, damping or energy consumption, and can be used for structural strengthening transformation; Horizontal seismic isolation support, shock mount, damper, locking also can be set in shock insulation, damping or vertical, the oblique segmentation for the layer that consumes energy Device, limiting device, spring, elastic bearing or combination settings;It can additional combinations setting vertical earthquake isolating, damping or energy consumption layer progress Three-dimensional isolation, damping or energy consumption;When vertical earthquake isolating, damping or energy consumption layer is arranged, if its vertical cross section is selected as oblique line shape, curve When shape, fold-line-shaped or combining form, have pin interlocking, can be used as vertical earthquake isolating, damping or the displacement of energy consumption guiding, Limiting device.
The horizontal profile of shock insulation, damping or the layer that consumes energy can choose as oblique line shape, curved shape, fold-line-shaped or combining form, Can also be segmented be separately provided or piecewise combination setting.The non-level segment (such as vertical section) of shock insulation, damping or the layer that consumes energy need to stay There are enough displacement spaces, guarantees the horizontal displacement allowed.
Shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer can be separately provided as Seismic Isolation of Isolation Layer, are separately provided as the layer that consumes energy, are separately provided as energy consumption Layer;Setting can also be mixed.Shock insulation, the horizontal profile of damping or the layer that consumes energy, vertical cross section can be in same section of combinations, mixing setting Isolator, energy consumer, damper, limiting device, can also be according to function subsection setup shock insulation section, energy consumption section, damping section, limit Section, antidumping section, and then combine.
The structure or structure type that anti-seismic structure part and shock insulation, damping, energy-dissipation structure part can select respectively rigidity big, Can also be segmented be separately provided perhaps piecewise combination setting antidetonation part-structure or can for component, as shear wall, support, Cylinder, outer cylinder, outline border cylinder, outer framework.Figure 32~Figure 35 be it is several setting outer cylinders, outline border cylinder, outer framework, outer framework structure knot Configuration formula.
Part is settable horizontal in shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer or vertical rigid connection, is hinged, as rigid rod connects It connects, the connection of two power bars, be hinged.
Shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer can be shock insulation section, damping section, energy consumption section, the piecewise combination for limiting section, lock segments;Every Shake layer, buffer layer, energy consumption layer can be separately provided or combination settings or subsection setup or segmentation are independently arranged.
Shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer can be the combination for being segmented into different shock insulations, damping or the form that consumes energy;Such as rubber support Shock insulation, damping or energy consumption interval, pendulum-type shock insulation, damping or energy consumption interval, rolling friction support shock insulation, damping or energy consumption interval, Sliding bearing shock insulation, damping or energy consumption interval, electromagnetism shock insulation, damping or the combination for the interval that consumes energy.
Shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer can also setting damper, be not provided with shock isolating pedestal.
A kind of damping of non-horizontal linear section or energy consumption laminar structure system, take glissando, it is characterized in that: can resist It topples, is provided with damping, energy consumption layer, damping, the vertical cross section of layer that consumes energy or horizontal direction section may be selected to be oblique line shape, curve Shape, fold-line-shaped or combining form (non-horizontal linear), can also with subsection setup damping, energy consumption layer, damping, energy consumption layer in can Shock mount, damper, locking device, limiting device, spring, elastic bearing or combination settings are set;Foundation function, damping, The layer sectional that consume energy is energy consumption section, free segment, antidumping section, limit section, rotational segment or combined segment;This damping, energy consumption layer remove Outside with cushioning ability, there is resistance to capsizing, the ability for having limitation, reducing the rotation displacement that topples, having prevents from being more than most Allow the ability being displaced greatly, there is the ability for reducing bearing pulling force, there is energy dissipation capacity, there is horizontal TMD, vertical TMD, rotation TMD ability has the ability for improving long-periodic structure damping effect;Or it can be used for irregular, labyrinth damping, consumption Can, and can be used for structural strengthening transformation;Horizontal seismic isolation branch also can be set in damping or vertical, the oblique segmentation for the layer that consumes energy Seat, shock mount, damper, locking device, limiting device, spring, elastic bearing or combination settings;Can additional combinations setting it is perpendicular Three-dimensional damping or energy consumption are carried out to damping or energy consumption layer;When vertical damping or energy consumption layer is arranged, if its vertical cross section is selected as tiltedly When linear, curved shape, fold-line-shaped or combining form, there is pin interlocking, the displacement that can be used as vertical damping or energy consumption is led To, limiting device.Weak floor can be used as a kind of damping, energy consumption layer.Figure 13,15,18,20,23 are several dampings, energy consumption knot Configuration formula.
A kind of shock insulation of non-horizontal linear section, damping or energy consumption laminar structure system, take shock insulation, glissando, Be characterized in: can antidumping, be provided with shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer, shock insulation, damping or consume energy layer vertical (short transverse) section Or a part of horizontal direction section may be selected to be oblique line shape, curved shape, fold-line-shaped or combined closing form (non-aqueous flat line Shape), part isolation structure body and up-down structure body pass through shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer connected embedding, this part isolation structure Body and up-down structure body form huge pin in turn, have dowel action;Can also with subsection setup shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer, Settable shock isolating pedestal, shock mount, damper, locking device, limiting device, spring, elasticity in shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer Bearing or combination settings;According to function, shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer sectional are shock insulation section, energy consumption section, free segment, antidumping Section, limit section, rotational segment or combined segment;This shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer have to resist and incline in addition to shock insulation, cushioning ability Ability is covered, the ability for having limitation, reducing the rotation displacement that topples has the ability prevented more than maximum allowable displacement, has and subtracts The ability of small shock isolating pedestal pulling force has energy dissipation capacity, has horizontal TMD, vertical TMD, rotation TMD ability, has and improve length The ability of periodic structure damping effect;Or it can be used for the irregular, shock insulation of labyrinth, damping or energy consumption, and can be used for Structural strengthening transformation;Horizontal seismic isolation support, damping branch also can be set in shock insulation, damping or vertical, the oblique segmentation for the layer that consumes energy Seat, damper, locking device, limiting device, spring, elastic bearing or combination settings;Can additional combinations setting vertical earthquake isolating, subtract Shake or energy consumption layer carry out three-dimensional isolation, damping or energy consumption;When vertical earthquake isolating, damping or energy consumption layer is arranged, huge pin be can be used as Vertical earthquake isolating, damping or the displacement of energy consumption guiding, limiting device have pin interlocking.Figure 27~Figure 29 is several knots Configuration formula.
Shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer can be shock insulation section, damping section, energy consumption section, the piecewise combination for limiting section, lock segments;Every Shake layer, buffer layer, energy consumption layer can be separately provided or combination settings or subsection setup or segmentation are independently arranged;Such as, horizontal seismic isolation Layer top be shock insulation interval, horizontal seismic isolation layer lower part be energy consumption interval, or conversely, horizontal seismic isolation layer lower part be shock insulation interval, Horizontal seismic isolation layer top is energy consumption interval.
Or integral level Seismic Isolation of Isolation Layer is not set, vertical (short transverse) section is only set or horizontal direction section is closing form Shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer, have TMD effect.
A kind of shock insulation of non-horizontal linear section, damping or energy consumption laminar structure system, take shock insulation, glissando, Be characterized in: can antidumping, be provided with shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer, shock insulation, damping or consume energy layer vertical (short transverse) section Or a part of horizontal direction section may be selected to be oblique line shape, curved shape, fold-line-shaped or combining form (non-horizontal linear), on Portion's isolation structure main body has part or part to extend downward into substructure or foundation structure, has dowel action, extends Structure bottom end and lower part by set shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer connect, shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer in settable shock insulation branch Seat, shock mount, damper, locking device, limiting device, spring, elastic bearing or combination settings, can to top shock insulation, subtract Shake, energy-dissipation structure provide horizontal force, resistance to tipping moment is provided, limitation is toppled rotation displacement, have limit, resistance to capsizing and Good shock insulation, cushioning ability, effect;The structure side and substructure extended or foundation structure are by setting energy consumer, damping Device, limiting device, locking device connection, side junction guarantee horizontal displacement space and the ability that there is design to need simultaneously, The structure side extended can also be locally not connected to substructure or foundation structure, only reserve enough displacements of design requirement Space;Superstructure can set multiple shock insulations, damping, energy consumption layer, have TMD effect;Or it can be used for irregular, labyrinth Shock insulation, damping or energy consumption, and can be used for structural strengthening transformation;It can also in shock insulation, damping or vertical, the oblique segmentation for the layer that consumes energy Horizontal seismic isolation support, shock mount, damper, locking device, limiting device, spring, elastic bearing or combination settings are arranged; It can additional combinations setting vertical earthquake isolating, damping or consume energy layer progress three-dimensional isolation, damping or energy consumption;Vertical earthquake isolating, damping are set Or when energy consumption layer, downward extension portion can be used as vertical earthquake isolating, damping or the displacement of energy consumption guiding, limiting device.Figure 30~figure 31 be several structure types.
A kind of shock insulation of non-horizontal linear section, damping or energy consumption laminar structure system, take shock insulation, glissando, Be characterized in: can antidumping, top shock insulation, the partial component of damping or energy-dissipation structure part or structure extend to substructure or base In plinth, ground, and pass through shock isolating pedestal, damper, energy consumer, damper, locking device, limiting device (or only setting unit Separating device) it is connect with substructure or basis, ground;Horizontal force, restoring moment, damping torque, limit can be provided superstructure Rotation displacement processed, horizontal displacement lock maximum rotational displacement, horizontal displacement, lock rotation displacement, horizontal displacement under wind load; Or it can be used for the irregular, shock insulation of labyrinth, damping or energy consumption, and can be used for structural strengthening transformation;Shock insulation, damping or Also horizontal seismic isolation support, shock mount, damper, locking device, limit dress can be set in vertical, the oblique segmentation of energy consumption layer It sets, spring, elastic bearing or combination settings;Can additional combinations setting vertical earthquake isolating, damping or energy consumption layer carry out three-dimensional isolation, subtract Shake or energy consumption;When vertical earthquake isolating, damping or energy consumption layer is arranged, downward extension portion can be used as vertical earthquake isolating, damping or energy consumption Displacement guiding, limiting device.Figure 36~Figure 38 is several structure types.
A kind of vertical earthquake isolating of non-horizontal linear section, damping or energy consumption laminar structure system, take shock insulation, damping to arrange Apply, it is characterized in that: can antidumping, be provided with vertical earthquake isolating, damping or energy consumption layer, vertical earthquake isolating, damping or energy consumption layer it is vertical Section or horizontal direction section may be selected to be oblique line shape, curved shape, fold-line-shaped or combining form (non-horizontal linear);It can also be with Settable vertical earthquake isolating support, damping in subsection setup vertical earthquake isolating, damping or energy consumption layer, vertical earthquake isolating, damping or the layer that consumes energy Support, damper, locking device, limiting device, spring, elastic bearing or combination settings;According to function, vertical earthquake isolating, damping Or energy consumption layer sectional is shock insulation section, energy consumption section, free segment, antidumping section, limit section, rotational segment or combined segment;This shock insulation, Damping or energy consumption layer have resistance to capsizing in addition to shock insulation, cushioning ability, the ability for having limitation, reducing rotation displacement, With adjustment, reduce the ability being vertically unevenly displaced, there is the ability prevented more than maximum allowable displacement, has and reduce shock insulation The ability of support pulling force has energy dissipation capacity, has vertical TMD, rotation TMD ability;It can also be used for irregular, labyrinth Shock insulation, damping or energy consumption, and can be used for structural strengthening transformation;Settable horizontal seismic isolation, damping or energy consumption layer carry out it is three-dimensional every Shake, damping or energy consumption.Figure 42~Figure 44 is several structure types.
A kind of rotation shock insulation of non-horizontal linear section, damping or energy consumption laminar structure system, take shock insulation, damping to arrange Apply, it is characterized in that: can antidumping, reduce and topple possibility, be provided with rotation shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer, rotate shock insulation, damping Or to may be selected to be oblique line shape, curved shape, fold-line-shaped or combining form (non-horizontal for the vertical cross section or horizontal direction section of energy consumption layer Linear), shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer are that can be rotated layer;Settable hinge at shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer near center of rotation Connection or bar connection;Settable vertical earthquake isolating support, shock mount, damper, locking dress in rotation shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer It sets, limiting device, spring, elastic bearing or combination settings;Rotating shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer can select with vertical or horizontal profile Horizontal seismic isolation, damping or the energy consumption layer for being selected as oblique line shape, curved shape, fold-line-shaped or combining form combine, realization horizontal seismic isolation, Damping or energy consumption and rotation shock insulation, damping or energy consumption;Rotating shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer can be with vertical earthquake isolating, damping or energy consumption Layer combination, realizes three-dimensional isolation, damping or energy consumption.Irregularly, the shock insulation of labyrinth, damping or energy consumption and structural strengthening change Make the shock insulation that non-horizontal linear can be used, damping or energy consumption layer and rotation shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer.Figure 39~Figure 47 is For several structure types.
Ignore thickness degree, rotation shock insulation, damping, energy consumption layer be curved surface (e.g., spherical surface) with unitary rotation ability, flat Face, inclined-plane or other any Spatial Coupling faces, vertical cross section are linear, fold-line-shaped, curved shape, arc with turning power Shape (such as arc-shaped) or combining form, structures isolation effect, damping, energy dissipating portion can unitary rotation, each support can around certain it is same in Heart rotation, i.e., each support displacement direction are the tangential direction of its radius of gyration;It is horizontal each longitudinally, laterally to have a rotation by oneself Center;Isolation structure has pendulum-type shock insulation function, effect;Setting energy consumption aseismatic joint can be selected as needed.
Rotation shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer can combine that (vertical cross section is also possible to horizontal seismic isolation, damping or energy consumption layer Oblique line shape, curved shape, fold-line-shaped or combining form), multilayer shock insulation, damping or energy consumption are carried out, this combination is so that structure has Rotate shock insulation, damping or energy dissipation capacity so that structure by rotate shock insulation, damping or energy consumption reduce by horizontal seismic isolation, Damping or energy consumption after structure tilting moment, overcome horizontal seismic isolation, damping or energy-dissipation structure torque be still " anti-" no Foot so that torque can also " every ", " subtracting ", " consumption ", reduce a possibility that toppling.Rotate layer and horizontal seismic isolation, damping or consumption The upper and lower position of ergosphere is interchangeable.
A kind of shock insulation of non-horizontal linear section, damping or energy consumption laminar structure system, take shock insulation, glissando, Be characterized in: can be set as needed multiple tracks shock insulation, damping, consume energy layer vertical section or oblique section, such as setting multiple tracks it is independent Shock insulation, damping, energy consumption layer vertical section or oblique section, the closed shock insulation of setting multiple tracks, damping, energy consumption layer vertical section or oblique section, Setting multiple tracks " back-shaped " shock insulation, damping, energy consumption layer vertical section or oblique section;Overall structure is cut into multiple block structures in plane, Isolation structure is formed, shock-damping structure is formed, forms energy-dissipation structure, each block structure has TMD effect;The vertical section of setting is oblique Section is when extending up to roof, this vertical section or oblique section can be especially applicable for big as being integrally-built daylighting part Area structure, daylighting is poor, this set multiple tracks shock insulation can be used in the building structure that takes up a large area, damping, energy consumption layer vertical section Or oblique section of shock insulation, damping, energy-dissipation structure form, it can solve the problems, such as the monolithic architecture structure natural lighting taken up a large area. When not setting the horizontal segment of shock insulation, damping, the layer that consumes energy or when damping, energy consumption layer horizontal segment is arranged, structure is damping, energy-dissipation structure.
Shock insulation, damping or the energy consumption layer that vertical cross section is selected as oblique line shape, curved shape, fold-line-shaped or combining form can be more Layer setting.Such as, multiple fold-line-shaped Seismic Isolation of Isolation Layer are arranged along short transverse in a structure.
The non-level segment (such as vertical section) of shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer and damping or the layer that consumes energy need to there are enough displacements are empty Between, guarantee the horizontal displacement allowed.
Energy consumption aseismatic joint: when between shock insulation, damping or energy consumption main body each section needing that aseismatic joint is arranged, aseismatic joint can be designed For with recovery capacity, energy dissipation capacity, restraining ability, fm capacity, therefore setting damper, locking can be selected in aseismatic joint Device, spring or elastic bearing, limiting device;This aseismatic joint is the aseismatic joint that consumes energy.Energy consumption aseismatic joint structure on two sides can design With rotation energy dissipation capacity.
Shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer (including horizontal, vertical and rotation shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer) may also be arranged on ground Face is hereinafter, such as basement.Its horizontal segment can be pendulum-type shock insulation or damping section, rubber support section, frictional slip section, rolling friction Section or combined segment.Its vertical or oblique section part connection can be connection type that is affixed, hinged or having certain displacement ability. Its vertical or oblique section can not also set damper, locking device, elastic bearing.
Shock insulation, damping, energy-dissipation structure part can be one or more structural units.
Antidetonation part can be component or structure, can be timber structure or component, concrete structure or component, steel construction or Component, masonry structure or component can be frame, bearing, wall, cylinder, frame cylinder, outer cylinder, outline border cylinder, outer framework etc. and combinations thereof, It is not limited to shear wall, elevator.Antidetonation part can take prestressing force measure, to increase rigidity, or produce in shock insulation main body Raw precompression.
When strengthening reconstruction, shock insulation, damping or the energy consumption layer of non-horizontal linear existing anti-seismic structure can be arranged, it can also Existing shock insulation, damping, energy-dissipation structure to be arranged shock insulation, damping or the energy consumption layer of non-horizontal linear.
The invention has the advantages that being rolled under the premise of guaranteeing that structure has obvious shock insulation, damping effect by setting The shock insulation of linear, curved shape or combinations thereof, damping or energy consumption layer solve more, high-level structure tilting moment greatly, pulling force can be generated The problem of, can the big structure of antidumping, especially depth-width ratio, tall and slender structure can using shock insulation, damping, energy consumption technology, overcome The problem of height width ratio problem and long-periodic structure shock insulation, damping effect difference calculates analysis shows shock insulation, damping effect Well;" self-locking " problem is avoided, the lockout issue of large deformation is overcome, and locking causes shock insulation, damping effect are poor to ask Topic;Solve anti-wind problems, in addition to horizontal segment, vertical or oblique section can also individually solve anti-wind problems;This shock insulation, damping Or energy consumption layer, in addition to shock insulation, cushioning ability, the ability for having limitation, reducing the whole rotation displacement that topples, having prevents from surpassing The ability of maximum allowable displacement is crossed, there is the ability for reducing shock isolating pedestal pulling force, there is energy dissipation capacity, with horizontal TMD, vertically TMD ability, rotation TMD ability, have the ability for improving long-periodic structure shock insulation, damping effect, have dowel action, it is also possible to In irregular, labyrinth shock insulation, damping or energy consumption;It can be used for structural strengthening transformation.Shock insulation, damping, consume energy the vertical of layer Section or oblique section of setting multiple tracks, the monolithic architecture structure natural lighting that can be solved the problems, such as that daylighting is poor, take up a large area.
By setting vertical earthquake isolating, damping or energy consumption layer, make structure that there is vertical earthquake isolating, cushioning ability, realize it is three-dimensional every Shake, shock-absorbing function.By the way that arc-shaped shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer is arranged, makes structure that there is rotation shock insulation ability and effect, reduce A possibility that tilting moment reaches shock insulation, the damping purpose of torque, and reduction is toppled.Pass through the shock insulation of horizontal seismic force, buffer layer With the combination settings of rotation shock insulation, buffer layer, reduce structure level power and tilting moment substantially, overcomes more, high-rise knot The difficulty of structure or tall and slender structure shock insulation, damping.Rotation shock insulation, buffer layer keep vertical applied force member stress more uniform, reduce office The compression of portion's vertical applied force component, the deformation of structure unitary rotation increases, and stratified deformation reduces, as long as superstructure center of gravity is not Beyond structural core compressive region, structure is just not easy to topple.
Pass through combination settings shock insulation section, damping section, energy consumption section and isolation structure part, energy dissipating portion, anti-seismic structure portion Point, raise energy consumption point position, the comprehensive damping effect for improving structure.Realize the mixed effect of shock insulation, damping, TMD.It raises Horizontal resist forces point position, also improves resistance to capsizing.
By setting energy consumption aseismatic joint, structure is made to enhance energy dissipation capacity.And by setting up vertical or oblique section, structure can be made With energy consumption, cushioning ability.
Can be adapted for more, high-level structure, tall and slender structure, the measure that take can be selected according to functional requirement, have shock insulation, Damping, energy consumption, earthquake controlling ability have antidumping, wind loading rating.Can limit shock insulation, damping, energy-dissipation structure part maximum horizontal Displacement, overcomes the deficiency of current multi- story and high- rise building or the larger architectural vibration-insulation of depth-width ratio, damping.It is also feasible when Specific construction , it is easy to accomplish.
The limiting device (e.g., rub limiting device) being arranged in vertical or oblique section has limit levels displacement range ability And limitation vertical displacement ability, there is wind loading rating.It is also a kind of redundancy safeguard measure, it is ensured that shock insulation, damping or energy consumption Wind resistance when structure not earthquake, without relative displacement, there is a horizontal displacement in when earthquake within the allowable range, vertical without opposite position when earthquake It moves.
It is different from conventional levels shock insulation, damping or energy consumption, locking device is set in conventional levels shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer It not can solve the problem of toppling, not can solve and topple and the contradiction of shock insulation, damping or energy consumption effect, when horizontal seismic isolation, damping or consumption Danger of toppling even is aggravated when Compact Mounts in ergosphere work.And fold-line-shaped, curved shape combined isolation, damping or In the vertical section of layer that consumes energy or the horizontal segment of different height when setting locking device, position-limiting action necessarily limits up and down displacements Difference, necessarily limits the rotational angle of shock insulation, damping or the main body that consumes energy, and the center of gravity for necessarily limiting shock insulation, damping or the main body that consumes energy is inclined From from structurally having and ensure that shock insulation, damping or energy consumption main body do not topple and a kind of antidumping construction measure, simultaneously Guarantee to be translatable within the allowable range to guarantee shock insulation, damping or energy consumption effect again, solves to topple and be imitated with shock insulation, damping or energy consumption The contradiction of fruit;It has wind loading rating again, is windproof construction measure.If vertical locking dress is arranged in vertical or oblique section It sets, such as horizontal friction limiting device, then while limiting shock insulation, damping or energy-dissipation structure vertical displacement amount and rotational displacement Again without limitation on horizontal translation, shock insulation, damping or energy consumption effect are not influenced.Horizontal seismic isolation, damping or energy consumption layer can also be overcome " certainly The problem of lock ".As it can be seen that locking device is constructed with antidumping, lockable rotational displacement.
It is arranged in fold-line-shaped, curved shape combined isolation, damping or the consume energy vertical section of layer or the horizontal segment of different height Damper can increase each layer of structure of damping, and damping has difference in height, and can provide damping torque, reduce structure dynamics, be used to Property topple possibility, consumption translation and rotational energy reduce, limiting rotating angle;And then horizontal seismic isolation, damping or consumption can be reduced The damping and rigidity of energy interval, improve shock insulation, damping or energy consumption effect.Each layer damping can easily be increased.
Shock insulation, damping or the energy consumption layer of fold-line-shaped, curved shape or combinations thereof have and common linear type horizontal seismic isolation layer Different features and ability, so that having between shock insulation, the support of damping or the layer different location that consume energy, damper, locking device Difference in height, these support, damper, locking devices with difference in height can provide same shock insulation, damping or energy consumption main body Bending resistance, resistance to capsizing have stronger resistance to capsizing, energy dissipation capacity, damping effect.
The horizontal profile of the shock insulation of fold-line-shaped, curved shape or combinations thereof, damping or the layer that consumes energy is also possible to broken line, curve. This feature can prevent, limit shock insulation, damping or energy-dissipation structure torsion, increase torsion energy consumption.
Detailed description of the invention
The following further describes the present invention with reference to the drawings.
In FIG. 1 to FIG. 66: 1 is the shock insulation of fold-line-shaped or curved shape and combinations thereof, damping, consume energy layer, by several shock insulations, is subtracted Support composition is shaken, also includes damper, energy consumption bearing, limiting device, such as: 6,7 constituting 1,13,7 constitute 1,6,7,13 can Composition 1,6,17 constitute 1,13,17 constitute 1,6,17,13 constitute 1,6,7,18 constitute 1,26,7 constitute 1,26,7, 18, which constitute 1,26,7,13, constitutes 1;2 be shock insulation, damping, energy-dissipation structure part;3 be anti-seismic structure part;4 be antidetonation cylinder Body or shear wall;5 be fixing end or substructure end;6 be Seismic Isolation of Isolation Layer, buffer layer or energy consumption layer horizontal segment in 1;7 be in 1 Shock insulation, damping, energy consumption layer vertical section or oblique section;8 be enhancement layer;9 be substructure or basis;10 horizontal positioned shock insulations Support or energy dissipating support;11 horizontal positioned shock isolating pedestals or energy dissipating support, can connect two or more;12 be shear wall or cylinder Body, bearing;13 be pendulum-type shock insulation section or energy consumption section, damping section in 1;14 be that vertical bar is fixedly connected or vertical bar is hinged; 15 be energy consumption bearing;16 be bearing;17 be the vertical or oblique free segment in 1;18 be no support free space segment;19 be antidetonation Structure division can be placed on structure peripheral or inside such as shear wall, frame cylinder, frame, outer cylinder, outer framework, outline border cylinder;20 be frame Or there is scaffold;21 be shock insulation or energy consumption layer with unitary rotation ability, such as arc shock insulation or energy consumption layer, curved form shock insulation Or energy consumption layer, it can be 1 a part;22 be shock insulation or energy consumption layer with unitary rotation ability, with turning power every Shake or energy consumption layer are horizontal linear type, but each horizontal seismic isolation or energy dissipating support have different angle, can be around same center of rotation The center of rotation of rotation, horizontal both direction can be different, can be 1 a part;23 for fold-line-shaped or curved shape vertically every Shake or buffer layer, can reduce Vertical Earthquake Loads, be made of several vertical earthquake isolatings, shock mount, also include damper, energy consumption branch It holds, limiting device;24 be horizontal stiffness layer;25 be curvilinear rigid layer;26 for turning power shock insulation or energy consumption interval, can To be 1 a part;27 be local transitions layer;28 be superstructure;29 be that rubber support or rubber support and friction support are concatenated Support;30 be structure partial, is connected with main structure body, can be fixedly connected or be hinged;31 be friction slipper;32 be rolling Support;33 be more ball roller supports.
Fig. 1 is the floor plan for the arrangement that one kind of the invention only sets an anti-seismic structure.Fig. 2 is of the invention A kind of floor plan of the arrangement for the anti-seismic structure having set two separation.Fig. 3 is that one kind of the invention has set four points From anti-seismic structure arrangement floor plan.Fig. 4 is the arrangement that one kind of the invention only sets an antidetonation cylinder Floor plan.Fig. 5 is a kind of floor plan of the arrangement of antidetonation cylinder for having set four separation of the invention.It is non-right Claim.Fig. 6 is a kind of floor plan of the arrangement of antidetonation cylinder for having set four separation of the invention.It is asymmetric.Fig. 7 is this A kind of four corners of invention respectively set the floor plan of the arrangement of an antidetonation cylinder.
In FIG. 1 to FIG. 3, anti-seismic structure can be frame, cylinder, shear wall, truss, the masonry of antidetonation, can be concrete Each class formation such as structure, steel construction, timber structure, masonry structure, mixed structure or component.In Fig. 4~Fig. 7, antidetonation cylinder can also be with It is frame, shear wall, truss, the masonry of antidetonation, can be concrete structure, steel construction, timber structure, masonry structure, mixing knot Each class formation such as structure or component.In FIG. 1 to FIG. 3,2 is interchangeable with 3.In Fig. 4~Fig. 7,2 is interchangeable with 4.
Multiple tracks 7 can be set as needed in FIG. 1 to FIG. 3, be such as arranged that multiple tracks is independent 7, setting multiple tracks closed 7, in plane Overall structure is cut into multiple block structures, isolation structure is formed, forms shock-damping structure, forms energy-dissipation structure, 7 can and as a whole The daylighting part of structure, is applicable to large area structure, the building taken up a large area can be used this set multiple tracks 7 shock insulation, Damping, energy-dissipation structure form.In Fig. 4~Fig. 7,4 can use 3 to replace, and may also set up multiple tracks 7, as multiple tracks is independent 7, multiple tracks closing 7.
In FIG. 1 to FIG. 53, the anti-seismic structure part and isolation structure part of piecemeal can be one or several respectively.Figure In 1~Figure 53, shock insulation, damping, energy dissipating support can be rubber support, friction support, roller support, bearing gantry pillars, hang The various supports such as gantry pillars, bowl formula support, hydraulic mount are hung, vertical earthquake isolating, damping, energy dissipating support are also possible to.Fig. 1~figure In 53, in shock insulation, damping, energy consumption layer, in vertical section, horizontal positioned shock isolating pedestal or energy dissipating support also can be set, such as Rubber support, friction support, roller support, or the concatenated two or more shock isolating pedestals of setting or energy dissipating support, such as rubber Support, friction support, roller support, rubber support-friction support combined isolator, can play the role of limit, limit vertical position It moves, and horizontal displacement can be unrestricted, but horizontal maximum displacement can limit as needed;Such as two rubber support series connection, Two friction support series connection, a rubber support is connected with a friction support, and as shown in Figure 54~Figure 66, each support can be any Combination.In FIG. 1 to FIG. 53, fold-line-shaped shock insulation, damping, the setting for the layer that consumes energy have antidumping so that structure has dowel action Ability has the ability for improving shock insulation, damping effect, has restraining ability, guidance capability.In FIG. 1 to FIG. 53, horizontal seismic isolation, Damping, energy consumption section can be oblique line section, curved section, and wherein support is still horizontal positioned, with direction of displacement compatibility of deformation.Fig. 1~ In Figure 53, vertical earthquake isolating, damping, energy consumption section can be oblique line section, curved section, and wherein damper, elastic bearing, locking fill Set, limiting device can be horizontally disposed with, i.e., along direction of displacement be arranged;And when being provided with support, support is still horizontal positioned, with displacement Direction distortion is coordinated.In FIG. 1 to FIG. 53,6 is interchangeable with 13, and 7 is interchangeable with 17.
Fig. 8 be it is a kind of provided with fold-line-shaped shock insulation, damping, consume energy layer sectional view, vertical section be energy consumption, damping section, can With 3-3 sectional view is corresponding in 2-2, Fig. 3 in 1-1, Fig. 2 in Fig. 1.Fig. 9 is a kind of provided with fold-line-shaped shock insulation, damping, energy consumption layer Sectional view, vertical section be energy consumption, damping section, can be corresponding with 3-3 sectional view in 2-2, Fig. 3 in 1-1, Fig. 2 in Fig. 1, vertical section In be provided with horizontal positioned shock isolating pedestal or energy dissipating support, or the concatenated two or more shock isolating pedestals of setting or energy consumption branch Seat, 10 or 11 can also be placed in 6 or 13,21,22,26;Horizontal positioned shock isolating pedestal or energy dissipating support can limit knot The unitary rotation of structure 2, maximum horizontal displacement amount, vertical displacement, antidumping, can also be with wind resistance, energy consumption.Figure 10 is that one kind is provided with Fold-line-shaped shock insulation, damping, consume energy layer sectional view, vertical section be energy consumption, damping section, can be with 2-2, Fig. 3 in 1-1, Fig. 2 in Fig. 1 Middle 3-3 sectional view is corresponding.Figure 11 be it is a kind of provided with fold-line-shaped shock insulation, damping, consume energy layer sectional view, vertical section be energy consumption, Damping section, anti-seismic structure part are provided with shear wall or cylinder, can be corresponding with 3-3 sectional view in 2-2, Fig. 3 in 1-1, Fig. 2 in Fig. 1. Figure 12 be it is a kind of provided with fold-line-shaped shock insulation, damping, consume energy layer sectional view, vertical section be energy consumption, damping section, anti-seismic structure portion Divide and is provided with bearing, it can be corresponding with 3-3 sectional view in 2-2, Fig. 3 in 1-1, Fig. 2 in Fig. 1.Figure 13 is a kind of provided with fold-line-shaped Shock insulation, damping, consume energy layer sectional view, vertical section be energy consumption, damping section, horizontal segment setting swing shock isolating pedestal or energy consumption branch Seat, shock mount, can be corresponding with 3-3 sectional view in 2-2, Fig. 3 in 1-1, Fig. 2 in Fig. 1.Figure 14 be it is a kind of be provided with fold-line-shaped every Shake, damping, the layer that consumes energy sectional view, vertical section is energy consumption, damping section, and various forms of shock insulations, damping, energy consumption are arranged in horizontal segment Rubber support, friction support, roller support is arranged in support, a part of horizontal segment, and the setting of another part horizontal segment swings shock insulation branch Seat or energy dissipating support, shock mount, can be corresponding with 3-3 sectional view in 2-2, Fig. 3 in 1-1, Fig. 2 in Fig. 1.Figure 15 is a kind of setting Fold-line-shaped shock insulation, damping, the layer that consumes energy sectional view, vertical section is energy consumption, damping section, horizontal segment setting swing shock isolating pedestal or Energy dissipating support, shock mount, antidetonation part and superstructure are connected, and can be cutd open with 3-3 in 2-2, Fig. 3 in 1-1, Fig. 2 in Fig. 1 Face figure is corresponding.Figure 16 be it is a kind of provided with fold-line-shaped shock insulation, damping, consume energy layer sectional view, vertical section be energy consumption, damping section, Various forms of shock insulations, damping, energy dissipating support are arranged in horizontal segment, and rubber support, friction support, rolling is arranged in a part of horizontal segment Support, the setting of another part horizontal segment swing shock isolating pedestal or energy dissipating support, shock mount, can with 2-2 in 1-1, Fig. 2 in Fig. 1, 3-3 sectional view is corresponding in Fig. 3.Figure 17 be it is a kind of provided with fold-line-shaped shock insulation, damping, consume energy layer sectional view, vertical section be consumption Rubber support, friction support, roller support, another part is arranged in energy, damping section, horizontal segment layering setting, a part of horizontal segment Horizontal segment setting swings shock isolating pedestal or energy dissipating support, shock mount, can be with 3-3 section in 2-2, Fig. 3 in 1-1, Fig. 2 in Fig. 1 Figure corresponds to.Figure 18 be it is a kind of provided with fold-line-shaped shock insulation, damping, consume energy layer sectional view, vertical section be energy consumption, damping section, water Flat section setting swings shock isolating pedestal or energy dissipating support, shock mount, horizontal segment setting bearing or energy consumption bearing, can be with 1- in Fig. 1 1,3-3 sectional view is corresponding in 2-2, Fig. 3 in Fig. 2.Figure 19 be it is a kind of provided with fold-line-shaped shock insulation, damping, consume energy layer sectional view, Vertical section is energy consumption, damping section, and anti-seismic structure is partially disposed on the outside of overall structure, and shock insulation, damping, energy-dissipation structure have pin Effect, can be corresponding with 3-3 sectional view in 2-2, Fig. 3 in 1-1, Fig. 2 in Fig. 1.Figure 20 is that one kind is provided with fold-line-shaped shock insulation, subtracts It shakes, the sectional view of energy consumption layer, vertical section is energy consumption, damping section, and swing shock isolating pedestal or energy dissipating support, damping branch is arranged in horizontal segment Seat, anti-seismic structure are partially disposed on the outside of overall structure, and shock insulation, damping, energy-dissipation structure have dowel action, can be with 1- in Fig. 1 1,3-3 sectional view is corresponding in 2-2, Fig. 3 in Fig. 2.Figure 21 be it is a kind of provided with fold-line-shaped shock insulation, damping, consume energy layer sectional view, Vertical section is energy consumption, damping section, and various forms of shock insulations, damping, energy dissipating support are arranged in horizontal segment, and rubber is arranged in a part of horizontal segment Glue support, friction support, roller support, the setting of another part horizontal segment swing shock isolating pedestal or energy dissipating support, shock mount, resist Shake structure division is arranged on the outside of overall structure, and shock insulation, damping, energy-dissipation structure have dowel action, can be with 1-1, Fig. 2 in Fig. 1 3-3 sectional view is corresponding in middle 2-2, Fig. 3.Figure 22 be it is a kind of provided with fold-line-shaped shock insulation, damping, consume energy layer sectional view, vertically Section is energy consumption, damping section, and anti-seismic structure is partially disposed on the outside of overall structure, setting bearing or shearing in anti-seismic structure part Wall, shock insulation, damping, energy-dissipation structure have dowel action, can be corresponding with 3-3 sectional view in 2-2, Fig. 3 in 1-1, Fig. 2 in Fig. 1.Figure 23 be it is a kind of provided with fold-line-shaped shock insulation, damping, consume energy layer sectional view, vertical section be energy consumption, damping section, horizontal segment setting pendulum Dynamic shock isolating pedestal or energy dissipating support, shock mount, horizontal segment setting bearing or energy consumption bearing, anti-seismic structure are partially disposed on entirety On the outside of structure, setting bearing or shear wall in anti-seismic structure part, shock insulation, damping, energy-dissipation structure have dowel action, can be with figure 3-3 sectional view is corresponding in 2-2, Fig. 3 in 1-1, Fig. 2 in 1.Figure 24 is a kind of to cut open provided with fold-line-shaped shock insulation, damping, energy consumption layer Face figure, vertical section are energy consumption, damping section, and various forms of shock insulations, damping, energy dissipating support, a part of horizontal segment is arranged in horizontal segment Rubber support, friction support, roller support are set, and the setting of another part horizontal segment swings shock isolating pedestal or energy dissipating support, damping Support, while bearing or energy consumption bearing are set, anti-seismic structure is partially disposed on overall structure outside, and anti-seismic structure is arranged in part Bearing or shear wall, shock insulation, damping, energy-dissipation structure have dowel action, can cut open with 3-3 in 2-2, Fig. 3 in 1-1, Fig. 2 in Fig. 1 Face figure is corresponding.Figure 25 be it is a kind of provided with fold-line-shaped shock insulation, damping, consume energy layer sectional view, shock insulation, damping, energy consumption layer setting In the middle part of superstructure, vertical section is without constraint free space segment, and anti-seismic structure is partially disposed on the outside of overall structure and lower part, Shock insulation, damping, energy-dissipation structure have dowel action, can be corresponding with 3-3 sectional view in 2-2, Fig. 3 in 1-1, Fig. 2 in Fig. 1.Figure 26 Be it is a kind of provided with fold-line-shaped shock insulation, damping, consume energy layer sectional view, shock insulation, damping, energy consumption layer be set in superstructure Portion, vertical section are energy consumption, damping section, and anti-seismic structure is partially disposed on the outside of overall structure and lower part, shock insulation, damping, energy consumption knot Structure has dowel action, can be corresponding with 3-3 sectional view in 2-2, Fig. 3 in 1-1, Fig. 2 in Fig. 1.Figure 27 is a kind of provided with broken line Shape shock insulation, damping, the layer that consumes energy sectional view, shock insulation, damping, energy consumption layer be set in the middle part of superstructure, horizontal segment layering setting, Vertical section is energy consumption, damping section, and anti-seismic structure is partially disposed on the outside of overall structure and lower part, shock insulation, damping, energy-dissipation structure tool There is dowel action, it can be corresponding with 3-3 sectional view in 2-2, Fig. 3 in 1-1, Fig. 2 in Fig. 1.Figure 28 be it is a kind of be provided with fold-line-shaped every Shake, damping, the layer that consumes energy sectional view, shock insulation, damping, energy consumption layer be set in the middle part of superstructure, horizontal segment layering setting, vertically Section is energy consumption, damping section, and anti-seismic structure is partially disposed on the outside of overall structure and lower part, setting energy consumption in anti-seismic structure part, The vertical section of damping, shock insulation, damping, energy-dissipation structure have dowel action, can cut open with 3-3 in 2-2, Fig. 3 in 1-1, Fig. 2 in Fig. 1 Face figure is corresponding.One is the sectional view for being provided with fold-line-shaped shock insulation, damping, the layer that consumes energy, shock insulation, damping, energy consumption layer settings by Figure 29 In the middle part of superstructure, vertical section is energy consumption, damping section, and anti-seismic structure part constitutes big structure using structure as component, similar huge Type frame, shock insulation, damping, energy-dissipation structure have TMD (frequency modulation mass damping) effect, can be with 2-2, Fig. 3 in 1-1, Fig. 2 in Fig. 1 Middle 3-3 sectional view is corresponding.Figure 30 be it is a kind of provided with fold-line-shaped shock insulation, damping, consume energy layer sectional view, shock insulation, damping, energy consumption Layer is set to superstructure top and underground, and a part of horizontal segment be no support free space segment, a part of vertical section be consume energy, Damping section, another part vertical section are without constraint free space segment, and anti-seismic structure is partially disposed on the outside of overall structure, shock insulation, Damping, energy-dissipation structure have dowel action, can be corresponding with 3-3 sectional view in 2-2, Fig. 3 in 1-1, Fig. 2 in Fig. 1.Figure 31 is a kind of Provided with fold-line-shaped shock insulation, damping, the layer that consumes energy sectional view, shock insulation, damping, energy consumption layer be set to superstructure top, one Dividing horizontal segment is no support free space segment, and a part of vertical section is energy consumption, damping section, and anti-seismic structure is partially disposed on whole knot On the outside of structure and lower part, shock insulation, damping, energy-dissipation structure have dowel action, can cut open with 3-3 in 2-2, Fig. 3 in 1-1, Fig. 2 in Fig. 1 Face figure is corresponding.Figure 32 be it is a kind of provided with fold-line-shaped shock insulation, damping, the layer that consumes energy sectional view, shock insulation, damping, energy consumption layer are horizontal Section may be disposed at structure arbitrary height, and vertical section is energy consumption, damping section, antidetonation component or structure (such as shear wall, outer cylinder, outline border Cylinder, outer framework) it is arranged on the outside of overall structure, damping, the energy dissipation capacity of superstructure are improved, and then reinforce isolating affection, it can It reinforced for isolation structure antidumping, strengthen isolating affection reinforcing (e.g., 2 can be Old building, 19 can be new footing), It can also be used for the antidumping base isolation reinforcement of anti-seismic structure (such as 2 can be old earthquake-resistant structure, and 19 can be new footing).Figure 33 Be it is a kind of provided with fold-line-shaped shock insulation, damping, consume energy layer sectional view, with Figure 32 the difference is that being arranged in outside overall structure The height of the antidetonation component or structure (such as shear wall, outer cylinder, outline border cylinder, outer framework) of side is different from 2,2 upper level protrusion. Figure 34 be it is a kind of provided with fold-line-shaped shock insulation, damping, consume energy layer sectional view, with Figure 32 the difference is that being arranged in whole knot The height of antidetonation component or structure (such as shear wall, outer cylinder, outline border cylinder, outer framework) on the outside of structure is different from 2.Figure 35 is that one kind is set The sectional view for having set fold-line-shaped shock insulation, damping, the layer that consumes energy, with Figure 34 the difference is that being arranged in the antidetonation on the outside of overall structure Component or structure (such as shear wall, outer cylinder, outline border cylinder, outer framework) for single span or multiple bay frame or have scaffold.Figure 36 is one Kind is provided with the sectional view of fold-line-shaped shock insulation, damping, the layer that consumes energy, and separately has shock insulation, damping, energy consumption layer vertical section to be set to lower junction In structure or ground, it is convenient to which for isolation structure antidumping reinforcing, (such as 2 can be Old building, and 19 or 20 and 7,6 can be New footing).Figure 37 be it is a kind of provided with fold-line-shaped shock insulation, damping, the layer that consumes energy sectional view, and in place of Figure 36 main difference Be a part of shock insulation, damping, energy consumption layer vertical section to be horizontal freely without confinement section, part or to be selected as no support freely empty Between section.Figure 38 be it is a kind of provided with fold-line-shaped shock insulation, damping, the layer that consumes energy sectional view, and be one in place of Figure 37 main difference The structure that extends downwardly of part is single span or multiple bay frame or has a scaffold, part or is selected as no support free space Section.7 or 6 certain resistance to capsizing is all had in its underpart structure or ground in Figure 36~Figure 38, it is convenient to be used for shock insulation (such as 2 can be Old building, and 19 or 20 and 7,6 can be new footing) is reinforced in structure antidumping.
Figure 39 is the sectional view of a kind of shock insulation provided with turning power or the layer that consumes energy, the shock insulation with turning power Or consume energy layer such as arc shock insulation or energy consumption layer, spheric shock insulation or energy consumption layer, curved form shock insulation or energy consumption layer, horizontal both direction Center of rotation can be different, rotate shock insulation or the layer that consumes energy have the ability for reducing superstructure tilting moment, be also possible to 1 A part.Figure 40 is the sectional view of a kind of shock insulation provided with turning power or the layer that consumes energy, the shock insulation with turning power Or energy consumption layer is horizontal linear type, but each horizontal seismic isolation or energy dissipating support have different angle, can be turned around same center of rotation It moves, the center of rotation of horizontal both direction can be different, rotate shock insulation or the layer that consumes energy has reduction superstructure tilting moment Ability is also possible to 1 a part.Figure 41 is the sectional view of a kind of shock insulation provided with turning power or the layer that consumes energy, and is turned Dynamic shock insulation or the layer that consumes energy have the ability for reducing superstructure tilting moment, are also possible to 1 a part, with Figure 39 difference It is to be provided with fold-line-shaped or curved shape shock insulation, damping, energy consumption layer simultaneously, can be cutd open with 3-3 in 2-2, Fig. 3 in 1-1, Fig. 2 in Fig. 1 Face figure is corresponding.Figure 42 is the sectional view of a kind of shock insulation provided with turning power or the layer that consumes energy, and rotates shock insulation or energy consumption layer With the ability for reducing superstructure tilting moment, it is also possible to 1 a part, with Figure 41 the difference is that being provided with simultaneously Fold-line-shaped or curved shape vertical earthquake isolating, damping, energy consumption layer, 17 or hinged 7 are suitable for vertical earthquake isolating deformation, can be with 1- in Fig. 1 1,3-3 sectional view is corresponding in 2-2, Fig. 3 in Fig. 2;Shock insulation with turning power or energy consumption layer, fold-line-shaped or curved shape vertically every Shake, damping, energy consumption layer and fold-line-shaped or curved shape horizontal seismic isolation, damping, the layer that consumes energy can be separately provided.Figure 39~Figure 42 In 21,22 can also be separately provided.
Figure 43 is provided with shock insulation or energy consumption layer with turning power and the section for being provided with vertical earthquake isolating or buffer layer Figure can be set 25 or 24,8 between shock insulation or energy consumption layer and adjacent vertical earthquake isolating or buffer layer with turning power, tool There is the shock insulation of turning power or consume energy layer such as arc shock insulation or energy consumption layer, spheric shock insulation or energy consumption layer, curved form shock insulation or consumption The center of rotation of ergosphere, horizontal both direction can be different, and rotating shock insulation or energy consumption layer has reduction superstructure tilting moment Ability.Figure 44 is provided with shock insulation or energy consumption layer with turning power and the section for being provided with vertical earthquake isolating or buffer layer Figure, with Figure 43 the difference is that being provided with curvilinear rigid layer 25, vertical earthquake isolating, damping, energy dissipating support and horizontal seismic isolation subtract It also can be set 25 between shake, energy dissipating support.
The sectional view of shock insulation or consume energy interval of the Figure 45 for a kind of subsection setup with turning power, is to be provided with curve Shape shock insulation, damping, the layer that consumes energy sectional view, be the shock insulation of broken line and curve combination, damping, energy consumption layer, each section of curve interval 26 Center of rotation having the same has rotary type shock insulation, damping, energy dissipation capacity, can be with 3- in 2-2, Fig. 3 in 1-1, Fig. 2 in Fig. 1 3 sectional views are corresponding.The sectional view of shock insulation or consume energy interval of the Figure 46 for a kind of subsection setup with turning power, is to be provided with Curved shape shock insulation, damping, consume energy layer sectional view, with Figure 45 the difference is that being arranged between anti-seismic structure upper and 2 Free space segment 18.The sectional view of shock insulation or consume energy interval of the Figure 47 for a kind of subsection setup with turning power, is setting Curved shape shock insulation, damping, the layer that consumes energy sectional view, with Figure 46 the difference is that being set between anti-seismic structure upper and 2 The rod piece 18 that having set can coordinate with rotational deformation is connect, and is also possible to the center of rotation that rotating hinge is connected to 2.
Figure 48 be it is a kind of provided with fold-line-shaped shock insulation, damping, consume energy layer sectional view, vertical section be energy consumption, damping section, can It is corresponding with 4-4 sectional view in Fig. 4.Figure 49 be it is a kind of provided with fold-line-shaped shock insulation, damping, the layer that consumes energy sectional view, vertical section is Energy consumption, damping section, with Figure 48 the difference is that there is box construct in top layer capital.Figure 50 be it is a kind of be provided with fold-line-shaped shock insulation, Damping, consume energy layer sectional view, vertical section be energy consumption, damping section, with Figure 49 the difference is that partial seismic isolation, level of shock absorption section Not in top layer capital.Figure 51 be it is a kind of provided with fold-line-shaped shock insulation, damping, consume energy layer sectional view, vertical section be energy consumption, damping Section, with Figure 50 the difference is that partial seismic isolation, level of shock absorption section portion in the structure.Figure 52 is a kind of provided with fold-line-shaped pendulum-type Shock insulation, damping, consume energy layer sectional view, vertical section be energy consumption, damping section, with Figure 51 the difference is that shock insulation, damping, energy consumption Layer horizontal segment is pendulum-type shock insulation, damping, energy consumption interval.Figure 53 is a kind of provided with fold-line-shaped pendulum-type shock insulation, damping, energy consumption layer Sectional view, vertical section is energy consumption, damping section, with Figure 52 the difference is that pendulum-type shock insulation, damping, energy consumption layer horizontal segment setting consumption It can bearing.
Seismic Isolation of Isolation Layer in Fig. 8~Figure 53 can be replaced buffer layer or energy consumption layer.Shock isolating pedestal can be in Fig. 8~Figure 53 Various known supports, such as: rubber support, friction support, roller support, slip support abutment, rocker bearing, pendulum-type bearing.
Arrangement spring (elastic-restoring force is provided), damper (offer resistance may be selected for vertical or oblique section 7 in FIG. 1 to FIG. 53 Buddhist nun), friction limiting device when earthquake (for locking device, when not earthquake provides wind loading rating, damping can also be provided).Fig. 8~ Shock insulation, damping, energy consumption layer in Figure 39, Figure 48~Figure 53 can be changed to rotation layer.
Figure 54 be 11 connection type of a kind of horizontal positioned shock isolating pedestal or energy dissipating support, two rubber supports of connecting, Can series, parallel several.Figure 55 is 11 connection type of a kind of horizontal positioned shock isolating pedestal or energy dissipating support, rubber of connecting Glue support, a slip support abutment, can also series, parallel several.Figure 56 is a kind of horizontal positioned shock isolating pedestal or energy consumption branch Seat 11 connection types, two slip support abutments of connecting, can also series, parallel several.Figure 57 is a kind of horizontal positioned shock insulation branch Seat or 11 connection type of energy dissipating support, two roller supports 32 of connecting, can also series, parallel several.Figure 58 is a kind of level 11 connection type of shock isolating pedestal or energy dissipating support of placement, two roller supports 33 of connecting, can also series, parallel several.Figure 59 be 11 connection type of a kind of horizontal positioned shock isolating pedestal or energy dissipating support, rubber support of connecting, a roller support 32, can also series, parallel several.Figure 60 is 10 connection type of a kind of horizontal positioned shock isolating pedestal or energy dissipating support, connection One rubber support, can also it is in parallel several.Figure 61 is 10 connection type of a kind of horizontal positioned shock isolating pedestal or energy dissipating support, Connect a slip support abutment, can also it is in parallel several.Figure 62 is that a kind of horizontal positioned shock isolating pedestal or energy dissipating support 10 connect Mode connects a roller support 32, can also it is in parallel several.Figure 63 is a kind of horizontal positioned shock isolating pedestal or energy dissipating support 10 connection types connect a roller support 33, can also it is in parallel several.Figure 64 is a kind of horizontal positioned shock isolating pedestal or consumption Can 11 connection type of support, 32, slip support abutments of a roller support of connecting, can also series, parallel several.Figure 65 is one Horizontal positioned 11 connection type of shock isolating pedestal or energy dissipating support of kind, 33, slip support abutments of a roller support of connecting can also Series, parallel several.Figure 66 is 11 connection type of a kind of horizontal positioned shock isolating pedestal or energy dissipating support, connects one and rolls 32, roller supports 33 of support, can also series, parallel several.
Pendulum-type shock insulation section may be set to be energy consumption section, damping section.It can be used for structural strengthening transformation.
Specific embodiment
In Fig. 8~Figure 53, when shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer are using conventional set-up mode, building bottom can be located at Portion also can be set in middle part or basement, basis, and can be set one layer also can be set multilayer.Such as, support can be Rubber support, friction support, roller support, slip support abutment, rocker bearing, pendulum-type bearing.
In Figure 39~Figure 47, shock insulation, damping, energy dissipating support are according to designed inclination angle in rotation shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer Spend installation.
In Fig. 8~Figure 53, being hinged can be hinged for steel, or is approximately hinged, can such as set weak location, steel Reinforced concrete hinge may be selected by realizing less with reinforcing bar.
In Fig. 8~Figure 53, fixed link connection or bar are hinged and can connect for steel, or approximately connect with ideal design It connects, armored concrete hinge may be selected by realizing less with reinforcing bar.
In FIG. 1 to FIG. 7, antidetonation component or structure division (such as: cylinder, frame) are preferably arranged symmetrically, can be arranged in middle part, Four sides, number, rigidity, the size of antidetonation component can calculate determination.Antidetonation modular level section generally can be rectangular cylinder, circle Shape cylinder, box-shaped cylinder, " ten " shaped sections, I-shaped section can also use other section forms.Antidetonation component can also To form truss by support.Antidetonation component or structure division can also use the biggish component of rigidity or structure.Lateral resisting knot Structure can be frame structure, frame-shear-wall structure, framed-tube structure, mega-frame etc..
In vertical section or oblique section, every layer of shock isolating pedestal, damper or locking device generally may be provided at superstructure, roof system Height and position is arranged along antidetonation component or structure division periphery on horizontal plane.Specific number will be calculated according to specific structure and be determined.
In Figure 54~Figure 66, constraint requirements are required or deformed according to compatibility of deformation, and 30 can be hinged or fixed with structure two sides Connection or varied rigid link.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of shock insulation of non-horizontal linear section, damping or energy consumption laminar structure system, take shock insulation, glissando, special Sign is: being provided with shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer, shock insulation, the vertical cross section of damping or energy consumption layer or horizontal direction section are selected as tiltedly Linear, curved shape, fold-line-shaped or combining form or subsection setup shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer, shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer Middle selection setting shock isolating pedestal, shock mount, damper, locking device, limiting device, spring, elastic bearing or combination settings, Shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer choosing, which are selected, is segmented into shock insulation section, energy consumption section, free segment, antidumping section, limit section, rotational segment or combination Section;Shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer antidumping, limitation reduce and topple rotation displacement, prevent from being more than maximum allowable displacement, reduce every Support pulling force is shaken, TMD is realized in energy consumption, is realized long-periodic structure damping, is avoided " self-locking ";Irregularly, the shock insulation of labyrinth, Damping or energy consumption and structural strengthening transformation or shock insulation, damping or the energy consumption layer for using non-horizontal linear;Shock insulation, damping or consumption In vertical, the oblique segmentation of ergosphere or setting horizontal seismic isolation support, shock mount, damper, locking device, limiting device, Spring, elastic bearing or combination settings;Select additional combinations setting vertical earthquake isolating, damping or energy consumption layer when carry out three-dimensional isolation, Damping or energy consumption;Be arranged vertical earthquake isolating, damping or energy consumption layer when, vertical cross section be selected as oblique line shape, curved shape, fold-line-shaped, Or when combining form, as vertical earthquake isolating, damping or the displacement of energy consumption guiding, limiting device.
2. the shock insulation of non-horizontal linear section according to claim 1, damping or energy consumption laminar structure system, feature It is: the structure or structure type that anti-seismic structure part and shock insulation, damping, energy-dissipation structure part select rigidity big respectively, Huo Zhefen Section is separately provided or piecewise combination setting, antidetonation part-structure or be component, shear wall, support, cylinder, outer cylinder, outline border cylinder, outer Frame is component;Setting level or vertical rigid connection are locally selected in shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer, are hinged, rigidity Bar connection, the connection of two power bars are connection type.
3. damping or the energy consumption laminar structure system of a kind of non-horizontal linear section, take glissando, it is characterized in that: being provided with Damping, energy consumption layer, damping, the vertical cross section of layer that consumes energy or horizontal direction section are selected as oblique line shape, curved shape, fold-line-shaped or group Conjunction form or subsection setup damping, consume energy layer, selection setting shock mount, damper, locking device, limit in damping, energy consumption layer Position device, spring, elastic bearing or combination settings;Damping, energy consumption layer choosing, which are selected, is segmented into energy consumption section, free segment, antidumping section, limit Position section, rotational segment or combined segment;Damping, energy consumption layer antidumping, limitation reduce the rotation displacement that topples, and prevent from being more than maximum allowable Displacement reduces bearing pulling force, and TMD is realized in energy consumption, realizes long-periodic structure damping;Irregularly, the damping or energy consumption of labyrinth And structural strengthening is transformed or damping or energy consumption layer using non-horizontal linear;Damping or vertical, the oblique segmentation for the layer that consumes energy In or setting horizontal seismic isolation support, shock mount, damper, locking device, limiting device, spring, elastic bearing or combination Setting;Additional combinations are selected to carry out three-dimensional damping or energy consumption when vertical damping or energy consumption layer are set;Vertical damping or energy consumption are set When layer, position when vertical cross section is selected as oblique line shape, curved shape, fold-line-shaped or combining form, as vertical damping or energy consumption Move guiding, limiting device.
4. a kind of shock insulation of non-horizontal linear section, damping or energy consumption laminar structure system, take shock insulation, glissando, special Sign is: being provided with shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer, shock insulation, damping or the consume energy vertical cross section of layer or a part of horizontal direction section Be selected as oblique line shape, curved shape, fold-line-shaped or combined closing form, part isolation structure body and up-down structure body by every Shake, damping or energy consumption layer connected embedding, this part isolation structure body and up-down structure body form huge pin in turn;Or segmentation Shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer are set, selection setting shock isolating pedestal, shock mount, damper, lock in shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer Determine device, limiting device, spring, elastic bearing or combination settings;Shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer choosing, which are selected, is segmented into shock insulation section, consumption It can section, free segment, antidumping section, limit section, rotational segment or combined segment;Shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer antidumping, limitation reduce Topple rotation displacement, prevents from being more than maximum allowable displacement, reduces shock isolating pedestal pulling force, and TMD is realized in energy consumption, realizes long period knot Structure damping;Irregularly, the damping or energy consumption and structural strengthening of labyrinth are transformed or are used the shock insulation of non-horizontal linear, subtract Shake or energy consumption layer;Shock insulation, damping or consume energy layer vertical, oblique segmentation in or setting horizontal seismic isolation support, shock mount, resistance Buddhist nun's device, locking device, limiting device, spring, elastic bearing or combination settings;Select additional combinations that vertical earthquake isolating, damping are set Or three-dimensional isolation, damping or energy consumption are carried out when energy consumption layer;When vertical earthquake isolating, damping or energy consumption layer is arranged, huge pin is as perpendicular To shock insulation, damping or the displacement of energy consumption guiding, limiting device.
5. a kind of shock insulation of non-horizontal linear section, damping or energy consumption laminar structure system, take shock insulation, glissando, special Sign is: being provided with shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer, shock insulation, damping or the consume energy vertical cross section of layer or a part of horizontal direction section It is selected as oblique line shape, curved shape, fold-line-shaped or combining form, top isolation structure main body has part or part to extend downward into In substructure or foundation structure, the structure bottom end and lower part extended are connected by setting shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer, shock insulation, Selection setting shock isolating pedestal, shock mount, damper, locking device, limiting device, spring, elasticity branch in damping or energy consumption layer Hold or combination settings, to top shock insulation, damping, energy-dissipation structure provide horizontal force, resistance to tipping moment is provided, limitation topples and rotates position It moves, limit, antidumping;The structure side and substructure extended or foundation structure are by setting energy consumer, damper, limit dress It sets, locking device connection, side junction guarantees the horizontal displacement space that there is design to need, the structure side extended simultaneously Part is not connected to substructure or foundation structure, only reserves enough displacement spaces of design requirement;Superstructure selection If a multiple or shock insulation, damping, energy consumption layer;Irregularly, the damping or energy consumption and structural strengthening of labyrinth are transformed or are adopted With the shock insulation of non-horizontal linear, damping or energy consumption layer;Setting is selected in shock insulation, damping or vertical, the oblique segmentation for the layer that consumes energy Horizontal seismic isolation support, shock mount, damper, locking device, limiting device, spring, elastic bearing or combination settings;It selects attached Three-dimensional isolation, damping or energy consumption are carried out when adding combination settings vertical earthquake isolating, damping or energy consumption layer;Be arranged vertical earthquake isolating, damping or When energy consumption layer, downward extension portion is as vertical earthquake isolating, damping or the displacement of energy consumption guiding, limiting device.
6. a kind of shock insulation of non-horizontal linear section, damping or energy consumption laminar structure system, take shock insulation, glissando, special Sign is: top shock insulation, the partial component of damping or energy-dissipation structure part or structure extend in substructure or basis, ground, And pass through shock isolating pedestal, damper, energy consumer, damper, locking device, limiting device, spring, elastic bearing or combination settings It is connect with substructure or basis, ground;Horizontal force, restoring moment, damping torque, limitation rotation position are provided to superstructure It moves, horizontal displacement, locks maximum rotational displacement, horizontal displacement, lock rotation displacement, horizontal displacement under wind load;Irregularly, again The damping or energy consumption and structural strengthening of miscellaneous structure are transformed or using the shock insulation of non-horizontal linear, damping or energy consumption layers;Shock insulation, Selection setting horizontal seismic isolation support, shock mount, damper, locking device, limit in damping or vertical, the oblique segmentation for the layer that consumes energy Position device, spring, elastic bearing or combination settings;Three are carried out when selection additional combinations setting vertical earthquake isolating, damping or energy consumption layer Tie up shock insulation, damping or energy consumption;Be arranged vertical earthquake isolating, damping or energy consumption layer when, downward extension portion as vertical earthquake isolating, damping or The displacement guiding of energy consumption, limiting device.
7. a kind of rotation shock insulation of non-horizontal linear section, damping or energy consumption laminar structure system, take shock insulation, glissando, It is characterized in that: being provided with rotation shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer, the vertical cross section or horizontal direction of rotation shock insulation, damping or the layer that consumes energy Section is selected as oblique line shape, curved shape, fold-line-shaped or combining form;It is selected at shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer near center of rotation Select setting be hinged or bar connection or be not provided with;It rotates in shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer and selects setting vertical earthquake isolating support, damping Support, damper, locking device, limiting device, spring, elastic bearing or combination settings;Rotate shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer choosing Select horizontal seismic isolation, damping or the energy consumption that oblique line shape, curved shape, fold-line-shaped or combining form are selected as with vertical or horizontal profile When layer combination, horizontal seismic isolation, damping or energy consumption and rotation shock insulation, damping or energy consumption are realized;Rotate shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer choosing It selects when combine with vertical earthquake isolating, damping or energy consumption layer, realization three-dimensional isolation, damping or energy consumption;Irregularly, the damping of labyrinth Or energy consumption and structural strengthening are transformed or using rotation shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer.
8. the rotation shock insulation of non-horizontal linear section according to claim 7, damping or energy consumption laminar structure system, special Sign is: rotation shock insulation, damping or energy consumption layer choosing select with horizontal seismic isolation, damping or energy consumption layer combines, progress multilayer shock insulation, damping or Energy consumption, structure rotate shock insulation, damping or energy consumption, structure by rotate shock insulation, damping or energy consumption reduce by horizontal seismic isolation, The tilting moment of structure after damping or energy consumption, so that torque " every ", " subtracting ", " consumption ", reduce a possibility that toppling;Rotate layer with The upper and lower position of horizontal seismic isolation, damping or the layer that consumes energy exchanges or does not change.
9. a kind of shock insulation of non-horizontal linear section, damping or energy consumption laminar structure system, take shock insulation, glissando, special Sign is: shock insulation, damping, energy consumption layer setting multiple tracks consume energy vertical section or oblique section, in plane overall structure be cut into it is multiple solely Vertical block structure is connected between independent block structure by the vertical section to consume energy or oblique section, is formed isolation structure, is formed damping knot Structure forms energy-dissipation structure, and the energy consumption vertical section of setting or oblique section of logical top form first water as being integrally-built daylighting part Flat shock insulation, damping, after consumed energy in shock insulation, shock-damping structure by the vertical section to consume energy or oblique section, TMD effect structure, daylighting Difference, take up a large area building structure selection using setting multiple tracks shock insulation, damping, energy consumption layer energy consumption vertical section or oblique section every Shake, damping, energy-dissipation structure form.
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CN202187447U (en) * 2011-06-15 2012-04-11 赵世峰 Shock isolation and absorption system with vertical structure
CN203583704U (en) * 2013-07-06 2014-05-07 赵世峰 Improved shock insulation, absorption or energy consumption layer structure system with non-horizontal linear section

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2006037399A (en) * 2004-07-23 2006-02-09 Tokai Rubber Ind Ltd Floor structure
CN102134883A (en) * 2010-01-27 2011-07-27 赵世峰 Anti-dumping shock isolation system for high rising building
CN102312409A (en) * 2010-07-07 2012-01-11 赵世峰 Ant-overturning or vibration isolation support tensile measure for vibration isolation structure
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