CN104240447A - Landslide monitoring and alarming method and device based on laser ranging - Google Patents

Landslide monitoring and alarming method and device based on laser ranging Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104240447A
CN104240447A CN201310244354.6A CN201310244354A CN104240447A CN 104240447 A CN104240447 A CN 104240447A CN 201310244354 A CN201310244354 A CN 201310244354A CN 104240447 A CN104240447 A CN 104240447A
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China
Prior art keywords
monitoring
alarming
monitoring alarm
landslide
laser ranging
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CN201310244354.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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熊清远
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熊清远
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Priority to CN201310244354.6A priority Critical patent/CN104240447A/en
Publication of CN104240447A publication Critical patent/CN104240447A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a landslide monitoring and alarming method and device based on laser ranging. The landslide monitoring and alarming device is composed of a laser range finder, a rotary support, a monitoring and alarming host, a beeper, a data recorder, a solar panel, a solar controller and a storage battery. The landslide monitoring and alarming device and method have the advantages that a non-contact monitoring mode is realized, measurement accuracy is high, the anti-jamming capability is high, the influence from the environment is small, no influence from various terrains (particularly certain areas difficult for constructors to reach) exists, the device is small in size, light in weight and flexible and convenient to install, and no one needs to attend a monitoring site. A fixed sampling time interval or a method of spot check at any time is used, and therefore high-accuracy, high-reliability, real-time, continuous, remote and wireless monitoring and alarming are conducted automatically on multiple monitoring points. The landslide monitoring and alarming method and device based on laser ranging can be widely applied to automatic monitoring and alarming in the fields of landslides, collapse, rock falls and the like.

Description

A kind of landslide monitoring alarm method based on laser ranging and device
Technical field:
The present invention relates to and use laser range finder to carry out automatic continuous monitoring to In Situ Displacement of Slope, be specifically related to a kind of landslide monitoring alarm method based on laser ranging and device.Belong to technical field of preventing and reducing natural disasters.
Background technology:
Landslide is the slippage geological phenomenon that slope Rock And Soil occurs along used logical shear breakage, and industrial and agricultural production is usually given on landslide and people's lives and properties bring about great losses, have or even destructive disaster.China is the country on mountain more than, and mountain area accounts for 69.4% of China's land total area, and mountain area population accounts for the over half of country's total population.Mountain area geology complex structure, ecological environment frailty; Along with Construction of The Mountainous Region speed is accelerated, ecologic environment is destroyed, and the mountain region disasters such as rubble flow, landslide, avalanche, mountain torrents break out frequently.According to statistics, mountain region disaster causes China's economic loss to reach 5,700,000,000 yuans every year on average, and wherein landslide accounts for more than 60%.The struggle on the mankind and landslide is long-standing, and the method for use is greatly to being divided into: 1. simple observation method; 2. station observation method is established; 3. instrument observation method; 4. pattern-recognition method; 5. GSM monitoring method; 6. radar scan.Often kind of a method has relative merits, or monitoring accuracy is low, can not 24 hours round-the-clock monitoring, alarmings; Have high input, be not easy to apply.First three methods all needs on sliding mass major cracks or limit, crack, install displacement monitoring sensor or equipment, if major cracks is the region not easily arrived workmen, just increases installation difficulty and danger.
Summary of the invention:
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention be to provide the monitoring of a kind of measuring accuracy high, affected by environment little, non-contact type, easy to use, can print and be undertaken reporting to the police and the method using wireless network to be transmitted by information remote and device by setting the early warning value that comes down by real-time automatic measuring.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is: invent a kind of landslide monitoring alarm method based on laser ranging and device, its gordian technique is: by runing rest, laser range finder, form measuring system, control module, memory, wireless module, interface module, digital display screen composition monitoring alarm host machine, together with datalogger, siren composition monitor and alarm system, be stored in the various data in monitor and alarm system, can not disappear because of power-off.Solar panels, controller for solar, accumulator composition electric power system.(see Fig. 1).
In FIG, laser range finder is for measuring the distance of base station to monitoring point, and runing rest is three-dimensional rotation support, comprises hand head and base support, laser range finder can be driven to make three-dimensional rotation and find range to the multiple positions set; Control module is responsible for providing timed power on/off signal, positional information is provided to runing rest, process the various information transmitted by wireless network and laser range sensor, send data to memory, datalogger and differentiate whether displacement reaches the alarming threshold value of setting; Wireless module is responsible for receiving and transmission information; Siren is used for onsite alarming.Solar panels convert solar energy into electrical energy and be sent in accumulator by controller for solar to store, by accumulator for measuring system and monitor and alarm system provide the electric power of needs.
The present invention has the following advantages:
1, monitoring accuracy is high, and general measure scope is less than 2.5mm in the measuring error of 0.05-250 rice;
2, antijamming capability is strong, affected by environment little, volume is little, lightweight, device convenient and flexible installation, not by the various influence of topography, the especially very unattainable area of some workmens;
3, speed simple to operate is fast, and monitoring is more flexible, can carry out dynamic monitoring to object (falling rocks, landslide).
4, long distance wireless operation and inquiry can be carried out to monitoring device at any time.Wait at the scene without the need to operating personnel, when reaching the early warning value of setting, device automatically wirelessly report and alarm information to Surveillance center, and send sound and light alarm.
5, this monitoring mode belongs to contactless monitoring, monitoring field need not near or enter monitored area, equipment is not fragile, reusable yet, reduce maintenance cost.
Accompanying drawing illustrates:
Fig. 1: the design concept figure of landslide monitoring warning system provided by the present invention.
Fig. 2: workflow diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 3: landslide monitoring warning device scheme of installation of the present invention.
Wherein: 1-monitoring alarm host machine; 2-datalogger; 3-controller for solar; 4-accumulator; 5-antenna; 6-laser range finder; 7-runing rest; 8-rain-proof anti-theft case; 9-solar panels; 10-sliding mass; 11-landslide fissure; A1, A2, A3, A4, A5, A6-are landslide monitoring point.
Embodiment:
Rain-proof anti-theft case (8) is not being fixed by the place affected of coming down, solar panels (9) are installed at top, antenna (5) is satisfied with outside case, controller for solar (3), accumulator (4), monitoring alarm host machine (1), datalogger (2), runing rest (7) is laid in case, laser range finder (6) is fixed on runing rest, connect all power, data line, choose monitoring point: A1, A2, A3, A4, A5, A6.See Fig. 3.Debug laser ranging direction, opening power, measure the initial distance data of current each monitoring point to the machine; Setting displacement alarming threshold value, sampling time interval, many groups receive phone, alarming short message content, tone information.
During each sampling, monitoring alarm host machine opens all power by the sampling time interval set automatically, be followed successively by three-dimensional rotation support and positional information is provided, the data measured in each position are passed to monitoring alarm host machine by laser range finder successively, and data are recorded the data (period, date, time, distance) of each monitoring point after treatment automatically by datalogger.Show the initial value of each monitoring point of screen display, currency, shift value (shift value=current distance value-initial distance value) monitoring and alarming system work hours;
During sampling, send the request of measurement by wireless network to monitoring and alarming system, monitoring and alarming system immediately by the work of fixed sample monitoring mode, and returns whole measuring point data on mobile phone or computer.
When shift value is more than or equal to the displacement alarming threshold value of setting, on-the-spot siren rings, monitoring and alarming system sends alarming short message, and set phone is dialed in circulation immediately.Remind the displacement of responsible person concerned's observation station to reach set displacement alarming threshold value, the emergency preplan that comes down must be taked at once.
Above multi-point settlement long-distance monitoring and alarming method provided by the present invention and device are described in detail, to any apparent change that it does under the prerequisite not deviating from connotation of the present invention, all by formation to infringement of patent right of the present invention, corresponding legal liabilities will be born.

Claims (7)

1., based on landslide monitoring alarm method and the device of laser ranging, be made up of laser range finder, runing rest, monitoring alarm host machine, siren, datalogger; It is characterized in that: monitoring alarm host machine provides multiple three-dimensional assigned address information to runing rest, runing rest drives laser range finder to carry out precision distance measurement to multiple monitoring point; Be stored in the various data in monitoring alarm host machine, can not disappear because of power-off; Monitoring alarm host machine is powered to runing rest, laser range finder, datalogger.
2. a kind of landslide monitoring alarm method based on laser ranging according to claim 1 and device, is characterized in that: use laser range finder to make high-acruracy survey to monitoring point to distance between reference.
3. a kind of landslide monitoring alarm method based on laser ranging according to claim 1 and device, is characterized in that: monitoring alarm host machine controls runing rest and makes three-dimensional rotation.
4. a kind of landslide monitoring alarm method based on laser ranging according to claim 1 and device, is characterized in that: monitoring alarm host machine contains the wireless module of remote transmission.
5. a kind of landslide monitoring alarm method based on laser ranging according to claim 1 and device, is characterized in that: warning message informs person liable with note, liaison mode.
6. a kind of landslide monitoring alarm method based on laser ranging according to claim 1 and device, is characterized in that: monitoring alarm host machine can automatic time switch machine.
7. a kind of landslide monitoring alarm method based on laser ranging according to claim 1 and device, is characterized in that: can carry out long distance wireless operation to monitoring device at any time and inquire about the information of each monitoring point.
CN201310244354.6A 2013-06-09 2013-06-09 Landslide monitoring and alarming method and device based on laser ranging Pending CN104240447A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310244354.6A CN104240447A (en) 2013-06-09 2013-06-09 Landslide monitoring and alarming method and device based on laser ranging

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310244354.6A CN104240447A (en) 2013-06-09 2013-06-09 Landslide monitoring and alarming method and device based on laser ranging

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CN104240447A true CN104240447A (en) 2014-12-24

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105258650A (en) * 2015-11-09 2016-01-20 吉林大学 Device for using laser displacement sensors to monitor slope slide
CN105321328A (en) * 2015-12-04 2016-02-10 江西飞尚科技有限公司 Automatic three-dimensional displacement monitoring instrument of high and large formwork support system
CN105354990A (en) * 2015-11-13 2016-02-24 中国地质调查局水文地质环境地质调查中心 Mountain monitoring early warning/ alarm system
CN105488958A (en) * 2015-12-02 2016-04-13 北京佳讯飞鸿电气股份有限公司 Non-contact landslide hazard monitoring system and method
CN111192423A (en) * 2019-12-16 2020-05-22 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Nursing method, nursing device, electronic device and storage medium

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JP2008101775A (en) * 2006-10-10 2008-05-01 Norma Germany Gmbh Plug-type coupling device for hose and pipe
JP2008139195A (en) * 2006-12-04 2008-06-19 Yunitekku:Kk Landslide measuring method
CN101561356A (en) * 2008-12-22 2009-10-21 长安大学 Civil engineering structural remote health monitoring system
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105258650A (en) * 2015-11-09 2016-01-20 吉林大学 Device for using laser displacement sensors to monitor slope slide
CN105354990A (en) * 2015-11-13 2016-02-24 中国地质调查局水文地质环境地质调查中心 Mountain monitoring early warning/ alarm system
CN105488958A (en) * 2015-12-02 2016-04-13 北京佳讯飞鸿电气股份有限公司 Non-contact landslide hazard monitoring system and method
CN105488958B (en) * 2015-12-02 2019-02-26 北京佳讯飞鸿电气股份有限公司 A kind of contactless landslide disaster monitoring system and method
CN105321328A (en) * 2015-12-04 2016-02-10 江西飞尚科技有限公司 Automatic three-dimensional displacement monitoring instrument of high and large formwork support system
CN111192423A (en) * 2019-12-16 2020-05-22 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Nursing method, nursing device, electronic device and storage medium

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