CN104216420A - Solar automatic tracking system - Google Patents

Solar automatic tracking system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104216420A
CN104216420A CN201410506064.9A CN201410506064A CN104216420A CN 104216420 A CN104216420 A CN 104216420A CN 201410506064 A CN201410506064 A CN 201410506064A CN 104216420 A CN104216420 A CN 104216420A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
solar
tracking system
automatic tracking
chip microcomputer
photoelectric tube
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410506064.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张俊
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shaanxi Yiyang Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Shaanxi Yiyang Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shaanxi Yiyang Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Shaanxi Yiyang Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410506064.9A priority Critical patent/CN104216420A/en
Publication of CN104216420A publication Critical patent/CN104216420A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a solar automatic tracking system and belongs to the technical field of solar energy. The solar automatic tracking system comprises a solar cell panel, a power management circuit, a photoelectric tube, a single chip microcomputer, a motor driving circuit and a stepping motor. The solar automatic tracking system is characterized in that the solar cell panel is connected with the power management circuit; the power management circuit is connected with the single chip microcomputer; the photoelectric tube is connected with the driving circuit through the single chip microcomputer; the driving circuit is connected with the stepping motor; the stepping motor is connected with the solar cell panel. According to the solar automatic tracking system, by means of the single chip microcomputer, the driving circuit and the stepping motor, the solar cell panel can automatically change directions with the change of directions of the sun, sunlight can fully vertically shine the cell panel, and thereby, the utilization rate of solar energy can be increased. As for devices which use solar energy, the working time of the devices can be effectively prolonged.

Description

A kind of solar automatic tracking system
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of solar, particularly relate to a kind of solar automatic tracking system.
Background technology
Along with becoming increasingly conspicuous of energy crisis, the exploitation dynamics for new forms of energy is increasing, is also increasing year by year in the investment of scientific research.The development and utilization of regenerated resources becomes the key object of people's research.The advantages such as sun power is general with it, permanent, safety are shown one's talent.Current sun power has been used in multiple field to some extent, as field of batteries, but the problem that ubiquity utilization factor is not high, under a lot of occasion, cell panel or be installed into fixed angle, can only deflect according to fixed angle, fully not make sunshine vertical irradiation on cell panel, reduce the utilization factor of sun power.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is intended to solve the problem, and provides a kind of utilization automatically can follow the solar automatic tracking system of position of sun rotation.
A kind of solar automatic tracking system, comprises solar panel, electric power management circuit, photoelectric tube, single-chip microcomputer, motor-drive circuit and stepper motor; It is characterized in that solar panel is connected with electric power management circuit; Electric power management circuit is connected with single-chip microcomputer; Photoelectric tube is connected with driving circuit by single-chip microcomputer; Driving circuit is connected with stepper motor; Stepper motor is connected with solar panel.
Solar automatic tracking system of the present invention, is characterized in that described photoelectric tube adopts 3DU33 photoelectric tube.
Solar automatic tracking system of the present invention, is characterized in that described stepper motor adopts 5 line four phase decelerating step motor 28BYJ-48.
Solar automatic tracking system of the present invention, it is characterized in that described solar panel adopt the specification of cell piece to be 0.5V/1.2A.
Solar automatic tracking system of the present invention, is characterized in that described solar panel is provided with 8 solar battery sheets.
Solar automatic tracking system of the present invention, is characterized in that the reduction gear ratio of described stepper motor is 1:65.
Solar automatic tracking system of the present invention, by adopting single-chip microcomputer, driving circuit and stepper motor, make solar panel can follow turning to of the sun automatically to realize turning to, and make the abundant vertical irradiation cell panel of sunshine, thus improve the utilization factor of sun power.For use sun power equipment can effectively extend its working time.Solar automatic tracking system structure of the present invention is simple and be easy to promote.
figure of description
Fig. 1 is structural representation block diagram of the present invention.
Embodiment
A kind of solar automatic tracking system, comprises solar panel, electric power management circuit, photoelectric tube, single-chip microcomputer, motor-drive circuit and stepper motor; It is characterized in that solar panel is connected with electric power management circuit; Electric power management circuit is connected with single-chip microcomputer; Photoelectric tube is connected with driving circuit by single-chip microcomputer; Driving circuit is connected with stepper motor; Stepper motor is connected with solar panel.
Solar automatic tracking system of the present invention, described photoelectric tube adopts 3DU33 photoelectric tube, the 3DU33 photoelectric tube using sensitivity higher is as light-intensity test device, its photocurrent is greater than 2mA, emitter only need be connected in series very little resistance just can obtain can be collected voltage, and its response time <1ms, reaction velocity is fast.Described stepper motor adopts 5 line four phase decelerating step motor 28BYJ-48, and for four phase step motor, its working method can be divided into single 4 to clap, three kinds of working methods are clapped in two 4 bats, 8.Single 4 bats are equal with two 4 step angles clapped, but single 4 rotating torques of clapping are little.8 step angles clapping working method are single 4 bats and two 4 half of clapping, and therefore, 8 clap working method not only can keep higher rotating torque but also can improve control accuracy.Working method is clapped in design employing 8, and so 1 to clap the angle turned over be 0.08789 °/2=0.043945 °, further increases tracking accuracy.Described solar panel adopt the specification of cell piece to be 0.5V/1.2A.Described solar panel is provided with 8 solar battery sheets, and in order to enable system normally run in outdoor, design adopts solar panel and lithium battery to system power supply.When solar panel output power is inadequate, by lithium battery to system power supply; When lithium battery voltage is lower than 3.5V time, solar panel is to lithium cell charging; Otherwise by solar panel to system power supply.The reduction gear ratio of described stepper motor is 1:65.The course of work: install a photoelectric tube respectively in the centre position at solar panel edge, the angle being mapped to cell panel opposite side two photoelectric tubes according to solar irradiation is unequal, make the intensity of illumination of two photoelectric tube impressions different thus produce the photocurrent varied in size, convert light stream to voltage signal, by comparing the voltage signal after collection, control step motor rotates to the direction that voltage is large, realizes the object that solar panel follows sun rotation.

Claims (6)

1. a solar automatic tracking system, comprises solar panel, electric power management circuit, photoelectric tube, single-chip microcomputer, motor-drive circuit and stepper motor; It is characterized in that solar panel is connected with electric power management circuit; Electric power management circuit is connected with single-chip microcomputer; Photoelectric tube is connected with driving circuit by single-chip microcomputer; Driving circuit is connected with stepper motor; Stepper motor is connected with solar panel.
2. solar automatic tracking system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that described photoelectric tube adopts 3DU33 photoelectric tube.
3. solar automatic tracking system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that described stepper motor adopts 5 line four phase decelerating step motor 28BYJ-48.
4. solar automatic tracking system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that described solar panel adopt the specification of cell piece to be 0.5V/1.2A.
5. solar automatic tracking system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that described solar panel is provided with 8 solar battery sheets.
6. the solar automatic tracking system as described in claim 1 or 3, is characterized in that the reduction gear ratio of described stepper motor is 1:65.
CN201410506064.9A 2014-09-28 2014-09-28 Solar automatic tracking system Pending CN104216420A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410506064.9A CN104216420A (en) 2014-09-28 2014-09-28 Solar automatic tracking system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410506064.9A CN104216420A (en) 2014-09-28 2014-09-28 Solar automatic tracking system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104216420A true CN104216420A (en) 2014-12-17

Family

ID=52098024

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410506064.9A Pending CN104216420A (en) 2014-09-28 2014-09-28 Solar automatic tracking system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104216420A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105334874A (en) * 2015-12-01 2016-02-17 南京工程学院 Automatic sunshine tracking system
CN105929857A (en) * 2016-05-31 2016-09-07 南昌理工学院 Solar panoramic automatic tracking system
CN108091270A (en) * 2018-01-22 2018-05-29 佛山市多营工业设计有限公司 A kind of wireless automobile subtitle lamp box
CN111114252A (en) * 2019-12-23 2020-05-08 科大讯飞股份有限公司 Sunshade method, device and system for personnel in traffic vehicle and automobile

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105334874A (en) * 2015-12-01 2016-02-17 南京工程学院 Automatic sunshine tracking system
CN105929857A (en) * 2016-05-31 2016-09-07 南昌理工学院 Solar panoramic automatic tracking system
CN108091270A (en) * 2018-01-22 2018-05-29 佛山市多营工业设计有限公司 A kind of wireless automobile subtitle lamp box
CN111114252A (en) * 2019-12-23 2020-05-08 科大讯飞股份有限公司 Sunshade method, device and system for personnel in traffic vehicle and automobile

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WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20141217