CN104209173B - A kind of double mass Near resonance oscillating breaks grinding machine - Google Patents

A kind of double mass Near resonance oscillating breaks grinding machine Download PDF

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CN104209173B
CN104209173B CN201410451732.2A CN201410451732A CN104209173B CN 104209173 B CN104209173 B CN 104209173B CN 201410451732 A CN201410451732 A CN 201410451732A CN 104209173 B CN104209173 B CN 104209173B
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crusher chamber
excitor
double mass
grinding machine
resonance oscillating
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CN104209173A (en
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李彦
李龙
李一龙
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李彦
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Abstract

The invention belongs to mechanical manufacturing field, more particularly to a kind of double mass Near resonance oscillating breaks grinding machine.Upper plastid is made up of with the vibrating motor being connected on excitor excitor, lower plastid is the crusher chamber of broken material it is characterised in that vibrating motor is connected as one by fastening bolt and excitor, described crusher chamber is connected by exciting vibration spring with crusher chamber built with crushing medium, excitor.The utilization of double mass Near resonance oscillating technology, it is applied to the hard brittle material such as alloy, carborundum, metallurgical slag and process the various materials that hardness is high, abrasion are high, the process of difficult broken material provides new approach, can be widely used for the industries such as iron mine, sandstone, metallurgy.The present invention had both saved the energy, increased the vibratory impulse power and material cycle in crusher chamber again, reduction ratio is greatly improved, can realize well " much broken and lessmill ", energy-saving hope.The long term growth fully meeting national energy-saving environmental protection requires, and As time goes on, will produce considerable economic benefit for user.

Description

A kind of double mass Near resonance oscillating breaks grinding machine
Technical field
The invention belongs to mechanical manufacturing field, more particularly to a kind of double mass Near resonance oscillating breaks grinding machine.
Background technology
The vibration bar crusher commonly used at present, is all and using simple substance body technique and to break the vibration source body producing exciting force Broken cavity rigidity links, and be integrated structure, leans on the centrifugal force drive broken cavity vibration of excitor completely, needs to consume in a large number Electric power energy, and amplitude is little, low production efficiency, broken smaller the shortcomings of.
Content of the invention
The shortcoming existing for above-mentioned existing vibration bar crusher, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of new and effective The double mass Near resonance oscillating of energy-conservation breaks grinding machine, and double-mass vibrating theory and technology is applied in equipment, realizes using resonance power broken thing Material, reaches " much broken and lessmill " energy-saving effect, to solve the maintenance of equipment rate height of conventional vibration bar crusher, energy consumption High, the low problem of efficiency.
The present invention is achieved in that
A kind of double mass Near resonance oscillating breaks grinding machine, and upper plastid is by excitor and the vibrating motor being connected on excitor(" a kind of Novel compositions vibrating motor " Patent No.:ZL201220531087.1)Composition, lower plastid is the crusher chamber of broken material, its It is characterised by, vibrating motor is connected as one by fastening bolt and excitor, described crusher chamber, built with crushing medium, swashs Vibration body is connected by exciting vibration spring with crusher chamber.
It is connected by exciting vibration spring between described excitor and crusher chamber, and the installed surface of excitor and crusher chamber need to be ensured Parallel, exciting vibration spring bolt is individually fixed on the two installed surface, and vertical with installed surface, described crusher chamber and dynamic mount Between connected with damping spring.
On the inwall of described crusher chamber, liner plate is provided with by bolt, crushing medium is arranged on broken intracavity.Described Crushing medium is round steel bar or steel ball.
Described crusher chamber top is provided with least one charging aperture.Crusher chamber bottom is provided with least one discharging opening.
Discharging opening opening angle is 60 °.
A kind of described double mass Near resonance oscillating breaks grinding machine can be in crusher chamber upper one end throat-fed, corresponding thereto Other end bottom discharge hole for discharge.
Double mass Near resonance oscillating breaks a new-type vibrating crusher that grinding machine is with double-mass vibrating Technology design, according to broken reason By for hard, difficult broken material, huge impact energy and impulsive force being applied to material using frequent shock, can reach good Good crushing effect.Because material is minimum with medium relative displacement, shattering process is in front impact state to greatest extent, thus Abrasion is minimum, substantially prolongs the service life of medium, simultaneously as being that thin tail sheep collides, does not produce big air current flow, because And dust substantially reduces to the pollution of environment.The impulsive force that operating mechanism is produced in crusher chamber internal vibration using round steel bar is to thing Material carries out extruding and clashes into, and is not to crush by force, has certain deformability, does not damage when crusher chamber enters and can not crush object Machine.Double-mass vibrating theory and technology is applied in equipment simultaneously, realize using resonance power broken material, reach energy-saving Effect.Double mass Near resonance oscillating break grinding machine by broken cavity and the crushing medium that freely loads in crusher chamber form operating mechanism (under Plastid), two vibrating motors producing exciting force are installed in parallel in composition vibration excitation device on excitor (upper plastid), excite Device is connected with broken cavity exciting vibration spring, exciting vibration spring right angle setting, material is thus formed a sensitive Near resonance oscillating system. When two vibrating motors do synchronization, antiport, exciting force produced by its eccentric block is cancelled out each other in the horizontal direction, is hanging down Nogata is made a concerted effort to being stacked as one, makes excitor do up-down vibration, when motor rotation frequency is close to the natural frequency of upper plastid, upper matter Body (vibration excitation device) just produces Near resonance oscillating phenomenon, and now the exciting force of vibration source body is exaggerated due to the effect of Near resonance oscillating, this power It is delivered to lower plastid (working reduction cavity) by connecting one group of spring of upper plastid and lower plastid.Broken Jie in crusher chamber body Matter and material are tossed in cylinder, and mutually collide extruding, thus reach carrying out broken purpose to material.Due to this Bright double mass Near resonance oscillating breaks and designs, will be used for broken thing, in mill structure design, the vibration source body producing exciting force as upper plastid The work part of material designs as lower plastid, and such design makes the weight of material that during disintegrating machine work, increment adds only act on On lower plastid, any impact will not be produced on the upper plastid eigentone producing exciting force, thus ensure that disintegrating machine work Frequency of vibration when making is stable, will not change because of the change of inventory.
Double mass Near resonance oscillating technology with it is adaptable to the hard brittle material such as alloy, carborundum, metallurgical slag and place The various materials that reason hardness is high, abrasion are high, the process of difficult broken material provides new approach, can be widely used for iron mine, sand The industries such as stone, metallurgy.The present invention had both saved the energy, increased the vibratory impulse power and material strike in crusher chamber time again Number, is greatly improved reduction ratio, can realize well " much broken and lessmill ", energy-saving hope.Fully meet national energy-saving ring The long term growth protected requires, and As time goes on, will produce considerable economic benefit for user.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the left view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is breaking chamber structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is crusher chamber left view;
In figure:1st, vibrating motor, 2, excitor, 3, exciting vibration spring, 4, crusher chamber, 5, liner plate, 6, crushing medium(Round steel bar Or steel ball), 7, damping spring, 8, dynamic mount, 9, charging aperture 1,10, charging aperture 2,11, discharging opening 1,12 discharging opening 2.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, the present invention is described in detail in detail.
Embodiment 1
The present invention is by two vibrating motors(1), excitor(2), crusher chamber(4), crushing medium(6), exciting vibration spring(3)、 Shock-absorbing spring(7), dynamic mount(8)Deng composition.By Fig. 1 operation principle:By two vibrating motors(1)It is rigidly attached to excitor (2)Plastid on composition, lower plastid is designed to the crusher chamber of broken material(4), load in crusher chamber and be made up of round steel bar or steel ball Crushing medium(6), use exciting vibration spring(3)By excitor(2)And crusher chamber(4)It is connected, double mass Near resonance oscillating rod(Mill)Machine It is divided into:Vibrating motor(1), excitor(2), exciting vibration spring(3), crusher chamber(4), liner plate(5), crushing medium(Round steel bar or steel Ball)(6), damping spring(7)And dynamic mount(8)Composition.Vibrating motor is arranged on excitor by fastening bolt(2)On;Swash Vibration body(2)With crusher chamber(4)Between pass through exciting vibration spring(3)Connect, and excitor need to be ensured(2)With crusher chamber(4)Installation Face is parallel, exciting vibration spring(3)It is individually fixed on the two installed surface with bolt, and vertical with installed surface.Liner plate(5)By bolt It is installed on crusher chamber(4)Inwall on.Crushing medium(Round steel bar or steel ball)(6)It is contained in crusher chamber(4)Interior.Crusher chamber(4)With Dynamic mount(8)Between use damping spring(7)Connect.Crusher chamber(4)Upper one end is provided with charging aperture 1(9), bottom is relative in addition One end is provided with discharging opening 1(11).Crusher chamber(4)It is provided with charging aperture 2 in the middle of top(10), crusher chamber(4)Bottom be provided with multiple go out Material mouth 2(12).
The present invention is such work:
Embodiment 2
Vibrating motor rotation produces eccentric force, is delivered on excitor, so that excitor is vibrated;Excitor vibrates, by swashing Vibration force amplification is delivered in crusher chamber the spring that shakes.Crusher chamber is vibrated, and drives liner plate vibration.Liner plate vibration makes crushing medium jump Jump, mutually collision, strike.When broken material, material and the mutual downthrust of crushing medium, thus crush to material. The vibration force of crusher chamber is weakened by damping spring, so that vibration force is tried one's best on few transmission and dynamic mount.
Working condition divides two kinds:
When slightly breaking:In crusher chamber, bottom liner plate is comb sieve structure.Fed by charging aperture 2, crusher chamber bottom discharge mouth(1)、 Discharging opening(2)Discharging.
During fine grinding:Crusher chamber bottom liner plate is solid construction.Fed by charging aperture 1, discharging opening(1)Discharging.
Advantage:Energy-conservation, environmental protection, reduction ratio is big, is difficult stifled machine.
In the case of identical yield, power consumption is the 30% ~ 50% of legacy equipment to the present invention.Clashed into material using frequent Apply huge impact energy and impulsive force, good crushing effect can be reached.Because material is minimum with medium relative displacement, break Broken process is in front impact state to greatest extent, thus abrasion is minimum, substantially prolongs the service life of medium, meanwhile, by Then thin tail sheep collides, and does not produce big air current flow, thus dust substantially reduces to the pollution of environment.Operating mechanism is using circle The impulsive force that rod iron produces in crusher chamber internal vibration carries out extruding and clashes into material, is not to crush by force, has certain yielding Property, do not damage machine when crusher chamber enters and can not crush object.Double-mass vibrating theory and technology is applied to equipment simultaneously In, realize using resonance power broken material.Fill shock-absorbing spring under crusher chamber, material is thus formed new double mass Near resonance oscillating and break mill Machine.
Its operation principle is(Crushing medium is taking round steel bar as a example):
(1)Crusher chamber vibration drives the round steel bar vibration in crusher chamber;
(2)Round steel bar vibration makes to produce relative displacement and gap between round steel bar and round steel bar, that is, round steel bar it Between mutually collision tap.And with cylinder frequency of vibration the closer to resonance point, the mutual displacement between round steel bar and percussion power are equal Significantly increase.Now adjacent two round steel bars are similar to two pieces of quick and strong material are broken of jaw of jaw crusher Broken;
(3)Material enters crusher chamber by charging aperture and drops on round steel bar, and round steel bar can put multilamellar in broken intracavity, Successively crushed from top to bottom, on liner plate, material rolled by round steel bar again to bottom, abundant broken material with Reach high reduction ratio;
(4)Material moves by material from flow phenomenon in crusher chamber;
(5)When slightly breaking, material, by crusher chamber intermediate feed, scatters to crusher chamber both sides, is discharging opening below crusher chamber. Make full use of the percussion of round steel bar and round steel bar, as quickly as possible complete shattering process, broken less demanding in the case of with Reach big yield;
(6)During fine grinding, material is opened by feeding the discharging to the other end of crusher chamber, discharging opening above one end of crusher chamber Mouthful angle is 60 °, sufficiently material is hit during this and rolls, to reach the reduction ratio of maximum, in " much broken and lessmill ".
After tested, below for this utility model and existing similar production equipment Performance comparision:

Claims (9)

1. a kind of double mass Near resonance oscillating breaks grinding machine, and upper plastid is made up of with the vibrating motor being connected on excitor excitor, under Plastid be the crusher chamber of broken material it is characterised in that described vibrating motor is two and is installed in parallel on excitor, shake Galvanic electricity machine is connected as one by fastening bolt and excitor, described crusher chamber built with crushing medium, excitor and broken Chamber is connected by exciting vibration spring, described exciting vibration spring right angle setting.
2. a kind of double mass Near resonance oscillating as claimed in claim 1 breaks grinding machine it is characterised in that leading between excitor and crusher chamber Cross exciting vibration spring to connect, and need to ensure that excitor is parallel with the installed surface of crusher chamber, exciting vibration spring bolt is individually fixed in two On person's installed surface and vertical with installed surface, it is connected with damping spring between described crusher chamber and dynamic mount.
3. a kind of double mass Near resonance oscillating as claimed in claim 1 breaks grinding machine it is characterised in that on the described inwall of crusher chamber Liner plate is provided with by bolt, crushing medium is arranged on broken intracavity.
4. a kind of double mass Near resonance oscillating as claimed in claim 1 breaks grinding machine it is characterised in that described crushing medium is round steel Rod.
5. a kind of double mass Near resonance oscillating as claimed in claim 1 breaks grinding machine it is characterised in that described crushing medium is steel ball.
6. a kind of double mass Near resonance oscillating as claimed in claim 1 breaks grinding machine it is characterised in that crusher chamber top is provided with least one Individual charging aperture.
7. a kind of double mass Near resonance oscillating as claimed in claim 1 breaks grinding machine it is characterised in that crusher chamber bottom is provided with least one Individual discharging opening.
8. a kind of double mass Near resonance oscillating as claimed in claim 1 breaks grinding machine it is characterised in that crusher chamber bottom is provided with least one Individual discharging opening, discharging opening opening angle is 60 °.
9. a kind of double mass Near resonance oscillating as claimed in claim 1 breaks grinding machine it is characterised in that can enter in crusher chamber upper one end Material mouth feeds, in other end bottom discharge hole for discharge corresponding thereto.
CN201410451732.2A 2014-09-07 2014-09-07 A kind of double mass Near resonance oscillating breaks grinding machine Active CN104209173B (en)

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CN111873218B (en) * 2020-07-24 2021-05-04 新昌县梅维斯环保有限公司 Dust collection method of dust self-suction system for kneading machine

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3404942A1 (en) * 1984-02-11 1985-08-14 Kloeckner Humboldt Deutz Ag Grinding apparatus
DE3500211A1 (en) * 1985-01-05 1986-07-10 Jun Josef Rettenmaier Method for destroying an inner structure of materials
CN2157828Y (en) * 1993-07-06 1994-03-02 赵德林 Mills for ceratine and mineral traditional Chinese medicines
CN2503989Y (en) * 2001-08-17 2002-08-07 邓汉雪 High efficiency energy saving vibrating mill
CN2706231Y (en) * 2003-01-09 2005-06-29 刘婧莎 Near resonance oscillating grinder
CN201613165U (en) * 2010-03-08 2010-10-27 南京工程学院 Multilevel eccentric-block single-cylinder vibration mill
CN101961671A (en) * 2010-10-08 2011-02-02 南京工程学院 Variable-rigidity double-mass vibration exciter type super-huge vibration mill
JP4866062B2 (en) * 2005-11-08 2012-02-01 株式会社村上精機工作所 Vibration crusher
CN204074205U (en) * 2014-09-07 2015-01-07 李彦 A kind of double mass Near resonance oscillating breaks grinding machine

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3404942A1 (en) * 1984-02-11 1985-08-14 Kloeckner Humboldt Deutz Ag Grinding apparatus
DE3500211A1 (en) * 1985-01-05 1986-07-10 Jun Josef Rettenmaier Method for destroying an inner structure of materials
CN2157828Y (en) * 1993-07-06 1994-03-02 赵德林 Mills for ceratine and mineral traditional Chinese medicines
CN2503989Y (en) * 2001-08-17 2002-08-07 邓汉雪 High efficiency energy saving vibrating mill
CN2706231Y (en) * 2003-01-09 2005-06-29 刘婧莎 Near resonance oscillating grinder
JP4866062B2 (en) * 2005-11-08 2012-02-01 株式会社村上精機工作所 Vibration crusher
CN201613165U (en) * 2010-03-08 2010-10-27 南京工程学院 Multilevel eccentric-block single-cylinder vibration mill
CN101961671A (en) * 2010-10-08 2011-02-02 南京工程学院 Variable-rigidity double-mass vibration exciter type super-huge vibration mill
CN204074205U (en) * 2014-09-07 2015-01-07 李彦 A kind of double mass Near resonance oscillating breaks grinding machine

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