CN104196659B - Gas washer - Google Patents

Gas washer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104196659B
CN104196659B CN201410425552.7A CN201410425552A CN104196659B CN 104196659 B CN104196659 B CN 104196659B CN 201410425552 A CN201410425552 A CN 201410425552A CN 104196659 B CN104196659 B CN 104196659B
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China
Prior art keywords
tank
air inlet
filter
inlet pipe
gas
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201410425552.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104196659A (en
Inventor
高清春
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高清春
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Priority to CN201410425552.7A priority Critical patent/CN104196659B/en
Publication of CN104196659A publication Critical patent/CN104196659A/en
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Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

nullGas washer,Tank body is built with air inlet pipe and Overflow proof hopper,In tank above Overflow proof hopper, space is collection chamber,In tank below Overflow proof hopper, space is dress water laundry room,The gas outlet outer rim of air inlet pipe is provided with platen,Laundry room is built with the filter element of tubular,Metal or the net circle of plastics that filter element is mutually socketed by several are constituted,The outer surface of filter element is provided with hairbrush layer,The hairbrush layer being positioned at filter element upper and lower surface crimps with the bottom surface of platen and the inner bottom surface activity of tank body respectively,Described collection chamber connects with exhaustor,Gas several net circles and during hairbrush layer in filtration core,It is extruded and is separated into countless micro-bubbles,Allow the water to the dust in active adsorption gas and impurity,Filter the effective of gas,The dust being adsorbed with water can be precipitated to tank bottoms,As long as the draining valve port opening tank base when safeguarding bleeds off dirty liquid every time,It is supplemented with water purification or anti-icing fluid,Safeguard the simplest;Relatively dry type filter screen is compared, and the use cost of water is lower.

Description

Gas washer
Technical field
The present invention relates to internal combustion engine gas cleaning equipment field, specifically a kind of gas washer.
Background technology
The air filter that existing internal combustion engine uses catches in gas dust and miscellaneous by the dry type filter screen of multilamellar Matter, shortcoming is when the gas that purifying and stive and foreign material are more, and filter screen quickly will block, and makes gas circulate Resistance increases filter effect and is deteriorated, and even causes cleaner to lose efficacy, in order to ensure gas when filter net jam is serious Body clean-up effect, needs periodically to safeguard cleaner, but the dry type filter screen in cleaner mostly is disposable Goods, can only abandon and renew, safeguard loaded down with trivial details, use uneconomical.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of gas washer, the gas washer of this technology is safeguarded simply, is made By low cost, filter the effective of gas.
The technical scheme is that gas washer, have tank body, the top of tank body is provided with the valve port that adds water, The bottom of tank body is provided with draining valve port, it is characterised in that: tank body is built with air inlet pipe and Overflow proof hopper, anti-overflow The wealthy mouth limit of funnel and inner tank wall are connected, and the slot of Overflow proof hopper is enclosed within air inlet pipe, its slot limit with enter Being provided with gas channel between trachea, in the tank above Overflow proof hopper, space is collection chamber, below Overflow proof hopper In tank, space is dress water or the laundry room of anti-icing fluid, and described air inlet pipe is connected with tank body, the air inlet of air inlet pipe Mouth is located at the outside of tank body, and the gas outlet of air inlet pipe is located in laundry room, and the gas outlet outer rim of air inlet pipe is provided with Platen, platen along being provided with gas channel between side face and inner tank wall, described laundry room is built with tubular Filter element, metal or the net circle of plastics that filter element is mutually socketed by several constitute, the suitable for reading and air inlet pipe of filter element Gas outlet relative, the end opening of filter element is relative with draining valve port, and the outer surface of filter element is provided with hairbrush layer, is positioned at The hairbrush layer of filter element upper and lower surface crimps with the bottom surface of platen and the inner bottom surface activity of tank body respectively, described tank Body is provided with exhaustor, and the entrance of exhaustor connects with described collection chamber.
Being provided with the block plate of umbrella in described collection chamber, this block plate is connected, below block plate with air inlet pipe socket It is provided with gas channel between wealthy mouth edge and Overflow proof hopper;The metal of several annulars it is provided with in described laundry room Net, the outer ring surface of each wire netting is respectively fixedly connected with inner tank wall, outside the inner ring surface of each wire netting is with air inlet pipe Wall is respectively fixedly connected with.
Described tank body is made up of upper tank body and lower tank, is connected by flangeseal between upper and lower tank body, Wherein lower tank is provided with transparent windows.
The know-why of the present invention is the characteristic utilizing dust from gas and impurity can be adsorbed by water or anti-icing fluid, And then filter out the dust in degasification body and impurity with water or anti-icing fluid, the invention have the advantage that because entering filter Gas in core when several net circles and hairbrush layer, is extruded and is separated into countless micro-bubbles in filtration core, Gas and water or the contact area of anti-icing fluid can be significantly increased, so the dust in gas can effectively be removed And impurity, filter the effective of gas, again because the water in tank is constantly scrubbed under pouring in gas stirring The net circle of filter element, makes dust cannot adsorb on net circle, net circle can be allowed to keep clear, make the circulation of gas not Being obstructed, it is ensured that the throughput of gas and filter effect, the dust, the impurity that are separated from gas exist simultaneously After aqueous or anti-icing fluid, its quality weight, when gas washer is static, it is possible to natural sedimentation is to the most tank bottoms, often As long as the secondary draining valve port opening tank base when safeguarding bleeds off dirty liquid, it is supplemented with water purification or anti-icing fluid i.e. Can, safeguard the simplest;Relatively dry type filter screen is compared, and the use cost of water is lower.
Because most of internal combustion engines are incorporated on moveable carrier, such as gasoline car, diesel vehicle, these carriers The most inevitably produce and rock, it is easy to the water in laundry room or anti-icing fluid are shaken to gas collection Indoor, the water in damaging internal combustion engine hence into exhaustor or cause laundry room and anti-icing fluid loss, so this Collection chamber is separated with laundry room with Overflow proof hopper by technology, can effectively stop water or anti-icing fluid to enter gas collection Room, endangers internal combustion engine, prevents the loss of water and anti-icing fluid;The present invention also adds prevention water in collection chamber Or anti-icing fluid splashes the block plate of collection chamber, at laundry room from the gas channel between Overflow proof hopper and air inlet pipe Water or the arterial highway wire netting of anti-icing fluid concussion can be slowed down if inside adding, can more effectively stop water or antifreeze Liquid enters collection chamber;Further, tank design is become the attachment structure of split by inventor, makes gas of the present invention Body scrubber is more convenient for manufacturing and assembling;The cleaning of water or anti-icing fluid can be observed easily by transparent windows Degree, facilitates user according to actually used situation discharge filthy water or to add water and anti-icing fluid, is above this Other several technological merits of bright gas washer.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of gas washer of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the A-A generalized section of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the B-B generalized section of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the schematic appearance of gas washer of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the gas flow schematic diagram of gas washer of the present invention.
1 air inlet pipe in figure, 2 add water valve port, 3 upper tank bodies, 4 exhaustors, 5 block plates, 6 Overflow proof hoppers, 7 Wire netting, 8 platens, 9 hairbrush layers, 10 net circle, 11 lower tanks, 12 draining valve ports, 13 observation windows.
Detailed description of the invention
Gas washer, has the tank body of metal, and the top of tank body is provided with for adding water in tank or anti-icing fluid The valve port 2 that adds water, the bottom of tank body is provided with the draining valve port 12 for discharging dirty liquid, and tank body is built with air inlet Pipe 1 and Overflow proof hopper 6, the wealthy mouth limit of Overflow proof hopper and inner tank wall be connected, the slot of Overflow proof hopper be enclosed within into On trachea, it is provided with gas channel between edge and the air inlet pipe of its slot, space in the tank above Overflow proof hopper For collection chamber, this collection chamber is the surge chamber of gas after purifying, and in the tank below Overflow proof hopper, space is for washing Wash room, this laundry room with filter the body Han miscellaneous QI, laundry room built with water or anti-icing fluid, water when summer uses As purge of gas medium, using anti-icing fluid as purge of gas medium during winter, described anti-icing fluid is city Selling commodity, be the anti-icing fluid of confession under directions internal-combustion engine cooling system use, described air inlet pipe is connected with tank body, enters Trachea seals with the junction of tank body and welds, and the air inlet of air inlet pipe is located at the outside of tank body and directly connects with air Logical, the gas outlet of air inlet pipe is located in laundry room, and the gas outlet of air inlet pipe is provided with the platen 8 of bead shape, platen Be shaped like flange plate-like, platen along being provided with gas channel between side face and inner tank wall, described washing Indoor are constituted equipped with the filter element of tubular, metal or plastic wire circle 10 that filter element is mutually socketed by several, this reality Filter element in executing is provided with three-layer network circle, sets the size of each upper mesh of net circle, filter element according to actual needs Suitable for reading relative with the gas outlet of air inlet pipe, the end opening of filter element is relative with draining valve port, is so entered by air inlet pipe The gas entering tank body can be directly entered in filter element, and the outer surface of filter element is provided with hairbrush layer 9, is positioned at following table on filter element The hairbrush layer in face crimps with the bottom surface of platen and the inner bottom surface activity of tank body respectively, mutually stacks the hairbrush of arrangement Layer bubble can be pressed further by cutting into smaller volume, purpose one be improve gas filtration quality, two be as This technical gas scrubber is arranged on carrier internal combustion engine, then utilize rocking of carrier, and brushing is fallen to be attached to tank Dirt on internal wall, it is to avoid manually reprocess, described tank body is provided with exhaustor 4, the entrance of exhaustor Connect with described collection chamber, for internal combustion engine provide purify air use time, described exhaustor with The air intake duct of internal combustion engine connects;When using for purification of exhaust gases of internal combustion engines, described air inlet pipe is with interior The exhaustor of combustion engine is connected;When purifying for dusty gas, described air inlet pipe or exhaustor and negative pressure Air pump or aerator are connected.
Being provided with the block plate 5 of umbrella in described collection chamber, block plate is connected, below block plate with air inlet pipe socket Being provided with gas channel between wealthy mouth edge and Overflow proof hopper and be easy to gas circulation, the purpose arranging block plate is to prevent water Or anti-icing fluid splashes collection chamber from the gas channel between Overflow proof hopper and air inlet pipe;In described laundry room Being provided with the wire netting 7 of several annulars, the outer ring surface of each wire netting is respectively fixedly connected with inner tank wall, each wire netting The outer wall of inner ring surface and air inlet pipe be respectively fixedly connected with, the purpose arranging wire netting is to slow down water or anti-icing fluid Acutely concussion;Two technical patterns are provided to stop water or anti-icing fluid to be altered to collection chamber, enter exhaustor Water and anti-icing fluid in damaging internal combustion engine or causing laundry room run off.
Manufacture for the ease of gas washer of the present invention is assembled, and described tank body is by upper tank body 3 and lower tank 11 are constituted, and are connected by flangeseal between upper and lower tank body, and wherein lower tank is provided with transparent windows 13, User is facilitated according to actually used situation discharge filthy water and to add water and anti-icing fluid.
During use, gas is blown in filter element by air inlet pipe, under the effect of gas pressure, and in filter element Dividing water to discharge through metal or plastic wire circle, the water that now gas is netted in circle cutting is enclosed with each net is the most mixed Closing, dust and impurity in gas are combined with fluid molecule to be stayed and melt in water or anti-icing fluid, reach gas clean The purpose changed, purified gas sequentially passes through gas channel, the Overflow proof hopper of platen and inner tank wall and enters The gas channel of trachea enters collection chamber, after collection chamber buffers, exhaustor discharges.
The gas washer of the present invention can be that induction system of internal combustion engine provides air after purification;In also apply be applicable to The tail gas clean-up of combustion engine discharge processes, and when tail gas clean-up processes, available hydrogen sodium hydroxide solution replaces water or anti- Freeze liquid, can more effective cleaning of off-gas;Also apply be applicable to the purified treatment of various dusty gas;Its applicable surface Extensively, a kind of gas washer energy-conservation, efficient is provided for field of Environment Protection.

Claims (3)

1. gas washer, has tank body, and the top of tank body is provided with the valve port that adds water, and the bottom of tank body is provided with row Water valve mouth, it is characterised in that: tank body is built with air inlet pipe and Overflow proof hopper, the wealthy mouth limit of Overflow proof hopper and tank Internal wall is connected, and the slot of Overflow proof hopper is enclosed within air inlet pipe, is provided with air-flow between its slot limit and air inlet pipe Passage, in the tank above Overflow proof hopper, space is collection chamber, in the tank below Overflow proof hopper space for dress water or The laundry room of anti-icing fluid, described air inlet pipe is connected with tank body, and the air inlet of air inlet pipe is located at the outside of tank body, The gas outlet of air inlet pipe is located in laundry room, and the gas outlet outer rim of air inlet pipe is provided with platen, platen along side face And being provided with gas channel between inner tank wall, described laundry room is built with the filter element of tubular, and filter element is by several The mutually metal of socket or the net circle of plastics is constituted, and the gas outlet of the suitable for reading and air inlet pipe of filter element is relative, filter element End opening relative with draining valve port, the outer surface of filter element is provided with hairbrush layer, is positioned at the hairbrush of filter element upper and lower surface Layer crimps with the bottom surface of platen and the inner bottom surface activity of tank body respectively, and described tank body is provided with exhaustor, row The entrance of trachea connects with described collection chamber.
Gas washer the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: it is provided with in described collection chamber The block plate of umbrella, the socket of this block plate and air inlet pipe is connected, and sets between wealthy mouth edge below block plate and Overflow proof hopper There is gas channel;Be provided with the wire netting of several annulars in described laundry room, the outer ring surface of each wire netting with Inner tank wall is respectively fixedly connected with, and the inner ring surface of each wire netting is respectively fixedly connected with the outer wall of air inlet pipe.
Gas washer the most according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that: described tank body is by upper Tank body and lower tank are constituted, and are connected by flangeseal between upper and lower tank body, and wherein lower tank is provided with Bright observation window.
CN201410425552.7A 2014-08-25 2014-08-25 Gas washer Expired - Fee Related CN104196659B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410425552.7A CN104196659B (en) 2014-08-25 2014-08-25 Gas washer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410425552.7A CN104196659B (en) 2014-08-25 2014-08-25 Gas washer

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CN104196659A CN104196659A (en) 2014-12-10
CN104196659B true CN104196659B (en) 2016-11-23

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104454262B (en) * 2014-12-16 2016-09-21 吕梁市建鑫汽车贸易有限公司 A kind of full-service fluid cavity molecular film gas filter
CN104399198B (en) * 2014-12-25 2018-02-16 中航天建设工程有限公司 A kind of fire hydrant cabinet
CN105508093B (en) * 2016-01-27 2018-06-29 山东泰全重型汽车配件有限公司 A kind of oil bath air cleaner plastic filter element and preparation method and application
CN105757812B (en) * 2016-03-04 2018-11-20 三峡大学 Wet type air adsorption cleaning chlorination equipment and method

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1994766A (en) * 1934-06-25 1935-03-19 George L Heglar Air cleaner and washer
US2966231A (en) * 1959-02-13 1960-12-27 Farr Co Stack type oil bath filter
CN2185798Y (en) * 1994-01-28 1994-12-21 朱玉林 Liquid type air cleaner
CN2695662Y (en) * 2004-02-25 2005-04-27 贺向阳 Water-filter air filter
CN2818824Y (en) * 2005-09-21 2006-09-20 柴国平 Composite dry and wet air filter
CN202031740U (en) * 2011-04-07 2011-11-09 浙江吉利汽车研究院有限公司 Air filter of engine
CN202578974U (en) * 2012-04-26 2012-12-05 鞍钢集团矿业公司 Dust extraction and purification device for air cleaner duster of mining heavy truck

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1994766A (en) * 1934-06-25 1935-03-19 George L Heglar Air cleaner and washer
US2966231A (en) * 1959-02-13 1960-12-27 Farr Co Stack type oil bath filter
CN2185798Y (en) * 1994-01-28 1994-12-21 朱玉林 Liquid type air cleaner
CN2695662Y (en) * 2004-02-25 2005-04-27 贺向阳 Water-filter air filter
CN2818824Y (en) * 2005-09-21 2006-09-20 柴国平 Composite dry and wet air filter
CN202031740U (en) * 2011-04-07 2011-11-09 浙江吉利汽车研究院有限公司 Air filter of engine
CN202578974U (en) * 2012-04-26 2012-12-05 鞍钢集团矿业公司 Dust extraction and purification device for air cleaner duster of mining heavy truck

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