CN104188776A - Patient transferring bed - Google Patents

Patient transferring bed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104188776A
CN104188776A CN 201410465713 CN201410465713A CN104188776A CN 104188776 A CN104188776 A CN 104188776A CN 201410465713 CN201410465713 CN 201410465713 CN 201410465713 A CN201410465713 A CN 201410465713A CN 104188776 A CN104188776 A CN 104188776A
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China
Prior art keywords
deck
patient
bed
mechanism
lifting
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CN 201410465713
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104188776B (en
Inventor
张凌玲
李曼红
张桔红
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汕头大学医学院第一附属医院
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Priority to CN201410465713.5A priority Critical patent/CN104188776B/en
Publication of CN104188776A publication Critical patent/CN104188776A/en
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Publication of CN104188776B publication Critical patent/CN104188776B/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a patient transferring bed. The patient transferring bed comprises a base, a first bed board, a second bed board, a plurality of wheels, a first slide rail, a first slide seat, a first translation mechanism, a first lifting mechanism, supporting bars, a second lifting mechanism, supporting seats, a second slide seat, a second slide rail, a second translation mechanism and a plurality of sliders. When a patient is transferred by the aid of the patient transferring bed, the patient is gently pushed to slide up or down along the first bed board, the first lifting mechanism and the second lifting mechanism drive the first bed board and the second bed board to finish inclination actions, and the second translation mechanism drive the second bed board to complete turnover actions, so that the patient transferring bed is pretty convenient to use; transferring of the patient is realized mechanically, the patient can keep a flat state, and higher safety and reliability are achieved; in addition, mechanically transferring patients can greatly relieve work intensity for nurses to alleviate fatigues for the nurses, the nurses are enabled to have sufficient energy to put into work, and the patient transferring bed can be normally operated only by one nurse, and accordingly manpower is reduced.

Description

一种病人搬运床 A patient transport bed

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种医疗器械,尤其涉及一种病人搬运床。 [0001] The present invention relates to a medical instrument, particularly to a patient bed transport.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 病人往往需要在病房与手术室之间进行转移,但由于病人本身行动不便,因此,常需要在病床与推车之间、手术床与推车之间转移病人。 [0002] Patients often need to be transferred between wards and operating rooms, but because of patient mobility itself, therefore, often required between the beds and carts, transporting patients between operating table and cart.

[0003] 这样就需要至少两个护士将病人扛起,在病床与推车之间、手术床与推车之间进行转移,这样无疑增加了护士的工作强度,造成护士的疲劳而难以全心身投入到工作中,而且这样手忙脚乱的搬运转移,容易造成病人的不舒服,甚至造成病人伤口的撕裂等,存在较大的安全隐患。 [0003] This requires at least two nurses will carry the patient, between the bed and the cart, the cart transferred between the operating table, which will increase the intensity of the work of nurses, nurse cause fatigue difficult wholeness into work, and handling such a rush transfer, likely to cause the patient discomfort and even cause tearing wounds of patients, etc., there is a big security risk.

[0004] 特别是当病人较为肥胖情况下,有的病人甚至重达200斤,护士的搬运转移更为困难,更容易出问题。 [0004] especially when the patient is more obesity cases, some patients even weighs 200 pounds, is more difficult to transport the transfer nurses, more problematic.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明要解决的技术问题是提供一种病人搬运床,这种病人搬运床能够非常方便地搬运转移病人,安全可靠,减轻护士的工作强度。 [0005] The present invention is to solve the technical problem is to provide a patient transport bed, transport bed such patients can be easily transferring the patient handling, safety and reliability, reduce the intensity of nurses. 采用的技术方案如下: 一种病人搬运床,包括底座、第一床板、第二床板和多个轮子,轮子安装在底座的下底面上,其特征是:还包括第一滑轨、第一滑座、第一平移机构、第一升降机构、支撑条、第二升降机构、支撑座、第二滑座、第二滑轨、第二平移机构和多个滑块;第一滑轨和第一平移机构均安装在所述底座上,第一滑座安装在第一滑轨上,第一平移机构的动力输出端与第一滑座连接;第一升降机构和第二升降机构均安装在第一滑座上;支撑条水平安装在第一升降机构的动力输出端上;第一床板的底部可转动安装在支撑条上;支撑座安装在第二升降机构的动力输出端上;第二滑轨和第二平移机构安装在支撑座上;第二滑座安装在第二滑轨上,第二平移机构的动力输出端与第二滑座连接;第二床板的底面开设有多条自中间向内侧延伸的滑槽, The technical solution adopted is as follows: A patient transport bed, comprising a base, a first deck, the second deck, and a plurality of wheels, wheels are mounted on the bottom surface of the base, characterized in that: further comprising a first slide, the first slide seat, a first translation mechanism, a first lift mechanism, the support bar, the second lift mechanism, the support base, the second slide, a second slide rail, and a plurality of sliders second translation means; a first rail and a first translation mechanism are mounted on the base, a first carriage mounted on the first rail, the power output of the first translation mechanism connected to the first carriage; a first lifting means and second lifting means are mounted on the second a carriage; support bar is mounted horizontally on the power output of the first lifting mechanism; a first bottom deck rotatably mounted on the support bar; support base is mounted on the power output of the second elevating mechanism; second carriage rail and a second translation mechanism mounted on the support base; and a second carriage mounted on the second slide, a second translation mechanism is connected to the power output terminal of the second carriage; bottom of the second deck defines a plurality of intermediate from extending inside the chute, 各个滑块处于相应的滑槽中,滑块上部的横截面大于滑槽槽口的宽度,滑块下部的横截面小于滑槽槽口的宽度,滑块下部自滑槽槽口向下伸出并与第二滑座连接;第一床板与第二床板的内侧边铰接。 Each slide in the respective chute cross-section larger than the upper portion of the chute width of the slot of the slider, the slider is smaller than the cross section of the lower portion of the chute width of the slot, the lower portion extending downwardly from the slider chute notch and is connected to the second carriage; articulated inner edge of the first deck and a second deck. ^ ^

[0006]当要将病人从病人搬运床转移到病床上时,将病人搬运床推到病床边,并通过第一平移机构推动整个第一滑座向病床方向移动,使第一床板伸出到病床上方贴近病床的表面,然后,第一升降机构逐渐下降、第二升降机构逐渐上升,使第一床板、第二床板均向下倾斜(向病床中间方向倾斜),使得病人有向下滑落的趋势,然后,第二平移机构动作,推动第二滑座向病床方向移动,使得滑块沿滑槽向内侧运动,从而使得第二床板以铰接位置为轴线向上翻转,第二床板将病人轻推,使病人沿向下倾斜的第一床板滑落到病床上。 [0006] When you want to transfer the patient from the bed to patient bed transport, handling the patient bedside to push the bed, the bed and moved in the direction of pushing the entire first carriage by a first translation mechanism, the first deck extends above the bed close to the bed surface, and the first lift mechanism gradually decreases, the second lift mechanism gradually rises, the first deck, the second deck are inclined downward (direction inclined intermediate bed), so that the downward slide of patients tendency, then, the operation of the second translation mechanism, pushes the second carriage moves in the direction of the bed, so that the movement of the slider along the slide groove inward, so that the second deck is turned upwards in an articulated position axis, the second light deck patient push, slide to the patient on the bed along a downwardly inclined first deck. 当要将病人从病床转移到病人搬运床上时,将病人搬运床推到病床边,并通过第一平移机构推动整个第一滑座向病床方向移动,使第一床板伸出到病床上方贴近病床的表面,然后,第一升降机构逐渐下降、第一升降机构逐渐上升,使第一床板、第二床板均向下倾斜(向病床中间方向倾斜),然后轻推病人,病人沿斜坡滑上第一床板,接着,第一升降机构上升,第二升降机构下降,这样在轻推病人的情况下,病人就顺着下坡滑向第一床板与第二床板的中间位置。 When you want to transfer the patient from the patient bed transport bed, transport bed is racked to the patient bedside, the bed and moved in the direction of pushing the entire first carriage by a first translation mechanism, the first deck extends above the bed close the surface of the bed, and then, the first lift mechanism gradually decreases, the first lift mechanism gradually rises, the first deck, the second deck are inclined downward (direction inclined intermediate bed), and then gently push the patient, the patient slide ramp a first deck, and then, a first lifting mechanism up, down a second lift mechanism, so that in the case where the jog patient, the patient slides downhill along a first deck and a second deck in an intermediate position. 在对病人搬运转移时,只需轻推病人,使病人沿第一床板向上滑或向下滑,其它动作都由机械完成,相当方便;由机械实现病人的搬运转移,病人能够保持较好的平展状态,更加安全可靠;另外,由机械实现病人的搬运转移,大幅度降低护士的工作强度,减少护士的疲劳,让护士有充足的精力投入到工作中,通常也只需要一个护士进行操作即可,减少人力。 When the patient carrying the transfer, simply nudges the patient, the patient slides up along the first deck to a decline or other mechanical action is completed by, very convenient; patient handling achieved by a mechanical transfer, patients are able to maintain a good flat state, more secure and reliable; in addition, the mechanical handling implement the transfer of patients, a significant reduction in the intensity of the work of nurses, reduce fatigue nurses, nurses have enough energy into work, often only need a nurse to operate reduce manpower.

[0007] 作为本发明的优选方案,所述第一升降机构、第二升降机构均包括电机、螺杆、螺母、升降板、升降柱、导向杆和导向套;电机、螺杆、导向杆均安装在所述第一滑座上,螺杆与导向杆均竖直设置并相互平行,螺杆与电机传动连接;螺母和导向套均安装在升降板上,螺杆处于螺母中并且与螺母相啮合,导向杆处于导向套中;升降柱的下端固定安装在升降板上,升降柱的上端作为第一升降机构、第二升降机构的动力输出端。 [0007] As a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the first lifting means and second lifting mechanism comprises a motor, a screw, a nut, lift plate, lifting column, the guide rod and guide sleeve; a motor, a screw, the guide rods are mounted the first carriage screw and the guide rod are arranged vertically and parallel to each other, the drive screw and the motor is connected; nut and the guide sleeve are mounted on the lifting plate, screw and nut in engagement with the nut, the guide bar is in the guide sleeve; the lower end of the lifting columns fixedly mounted on the lifting plate, an upper end of a first lifting column as the lifting mechanism, the power output of the second lifting mechanism. 第一升降机构、第二升降机构均采用电机、螺杆、螺母的配合进行驱动,使升降柱的升降相当平稳,从而使第一床板、第二床板的活动缓慢而平稳,避免病人在搬运过程中震动太过剧烈,使病人在整个搬运过程中感觉更加舒适。 A first lifting mechanism, the lifting mechanism adopts a second motor, a screw, a nut driven with the lifting of the lifting columns is quite stable, so that the first deck, the second deck of the activity slowly and steadily, avoiding handling process in patients vibration is too severe, the patient feels more comfortable throughout the handling process.

[0008] 作为本发明进一步的优选方案,还包括第一防侧翻机构和第二防侧翻机构,第一防侧翻机构设置在所述第一床板的底部与第一升降机构的升降柱之间;第二防侧翻机构设置在所述第二床板的底部与第二升降机构的升降柱之间。 [0008] As a further preferred embodiment of the present invention, further comprising a first anti-roll means and the second anti-roll means, a first rollover mechanism is provided at the bottom of the first lifting column of the lifting mechanism of the first deck between; second anti-roll means disposed between the deck and the bottom of the second lifting column of the second lifting mechanism. 通过设置第一防侧翻机构和第二防侧翻机构,对第一床板、第二床板的外侧进行支撑,防止第一床板、第二床板的外侧受重压而向外翻转,更加安全可靠。 By providing a first and a second rollover mechanism rollover mechanism, the first deck, the deck is supported outside the second, to prevent the first deck, the deck by the weight of the second outer side and turned inside out, safer and more reliable .

[0009] 作为本发明更进一步的优选方案,所述第一防侧翻机构包括第一L型连杆、第一轴套和第一螺钉;第一轴套套在所述第一升降机构的升降柱上,第一轴套上设有第一螺孔, 第一螺钉处于第一螺孔中,第一L型连杆的上端与所述第一床板铰接,铰接位置处于所述支撑条外侧,第一L型连杆的下端与第一轴套连接;第二防侧翻机构包括第二L型连杆、第二轴套和第二螺钉,第二轴套套在所述第二升降机构的升降柱上,第二轴套上设有第二螺孔,第二螺钉处于第二螺孔中,第二L型连杆的上端与所述第二床板铰接,铰接位置处于所述滑槽外端的外侧,第二L型连杆的下端与第二轴套连接。 [0009] As a still further preferred embodiment of the present invention, the first rollover mechanism comprises a first L-shaped link, a first sleeve and a first screw; a first sleeve onto said first lift mechanism lifting column, the first sleeve is provided with a first screw, the first screw threaded hole in a first, upper end of the first L-shaped link with the first deck hinge, said hinge is in a position outside of the support bar, a first L-shaped link connected to the lower end of the first sleeve; second rollover mechanism includes a second L-shaped link, a second bushing and a second screw, said second sleeve onto the second elevating mechanism elevating column provided with a second screw hole on the second sleeve, a second screw in the second screw hole, the second L-shaped link and the upper end of the second deck hinge, the hinge is in a position outside said chute outboard end, the lower end of the second L-shaped link connected to the second sleeve. 在平时作为搬运床的情况下,抒紧第一螺钉、第二螺钉,第一L型连杆、第二L型连杆分别对第一床板、第二床板构成稳固的支撑结构,防止第一床板、第二床板的外侧受重压而向外翻转,安全可靠;当在病床间对病人进行转移时,松开拧紧第一螺钉、第二螺钉,第一轴套、第二轴套能够自由上下运动,不会影响第一床板、第二床板的活动。 In the case of a normal handling of the bed, the first screw tightening express, a second screw, the first L-shaped link, the second L-shaped link, respectively, the first deck, the second deck constituting stable support structure to prevent the first deck, the deck by the weight of the second outer side and turned inside out, safe and reliable; when the patient is transferred between the bed, loosen the screws tightening the first, the second screw, the first sleeve, a second sleeve can be freely up and down movement, it will not affect the first deck, the second deck activities.

[0010] 作为本发明进一步的优选方案,所述第一床板通过多个轴承可转动安装在所述支撑条上,第一床板的底部与轴承的外圈连接,支撑条与轴承的内圈连接。 [0010] As a further preferred embodiment of the present invention, the first deck by a plurality of bearings is rotatably mounted on the support bar, the bottom of the bearing outer ring is connected to the first deck, the support bar and the bearing inner ring is connected . 通过轴承实现第一床板与支撑条之间的可转动安装,使得第一床板与支撑条之间的转动配合更加自如,防卡死。 Bearings for rotatably mounted between the deck and the first support bar such that rotation between the first deck and the support bar with a more comfortable, by anti-seize.

[0011] 作为本发明进一步的优选方案,所述第一床板^第二床板的上表面均设有软垫层。 [0011] As a further preferred embodiment of the present invention, the upper surface of the second deck of the ^ first deck has cushioning layer. 通过设置软垫层,使病人更加舒适,同时避免病人背后受到硬质材料的摩擦而损伤。 By providing the cushion layer, the patient more comfortable, while avoiding behind the patient is rubbed hard material being damaged.

[0012] 作为本发明进一步的优选方案,所述第一床板、第二床板上均设有多个透气小孔。 [0012] As a further preferred embodiment of the present invention, the first deck, equipped with a plurality of second bedplate permeable apertures. 通过设置透气小孔,使得通风透气,更加舒适。 By providing permeable pores, so that the ventilation, more comfortable.

[0013] 作为本发明进一步的优选方案,所述第一平移机构为第一平移气缸。 [0013] As a further preferred embodiment of the present invention, the first translation mechanism to translate the first cylinder.

[0014] 作为本发明进一步的优选方案,所述第二平移机构为第二平移气缸。 [0014] As a further preferred embodiment of the present invention, the second translation means to translate the second cylinder.

[0015] 本发明与现有技术相比,具有如下优点: 在对病人搬运转移时,只需轻推病人,使病人沿第一床板向上滑或向下滑,其它动作都由机械完成,相当方便;由机械实现病人的搬运转移,病人能够保持较好的平展状态,更加安全可靠;另外,由机械实现病人的搬运转移,大幅度降低护士的工作强度,减少护士的疲劳,让护士有充足的精力投入到工作中,通常也只需要一个护士进行操作即可,减少人力。 [0015] Compared with the prior art the present invention has the following advantages: When the patient carrying the transfer, simply nudges the patient, the patient slides up along the first deck or slides down, by other mechanical action is completed, very convenient ; mechanical handling implement transfer of the patient, the patient can be maintained in a flat state better, safer and more reliable; in addition, the mechanical transfer of the patient to achieve transfer, a significant reduction in the intensity of the work of nurses, nurse reduce fatigue, allow sufficient nurses energy into work, often only need a nurse to operate, reduce manpower.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0016] 图1是本发明优选实施方式的结构示意图。 [0016] FIG. 1 is a block schematic of a preferred embodiment of the present invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0017] 下面结合附图和本发明的优选实施方式做进一步的说明。 [0017] The following drawings and preferred embodiments of the present invention is further illustrated in combination.

[0018] 如图1所示,这种病人搬运床,包括底座1、第一床板2、第二床板3、多个轮子4、第一滑轨5、第一滑座6、第一平移气缸7、第一升降机构8、支撑条9、第二升降机构10、支撑座11、第二滑座12、第二滑轨13、第二平移气缸14和多个滑块15,第一床板2、第二床板3的上表面均设有软垫层16,第一床板2、第二床板3上均设有多个透气小孔17 ;轮子4安装在底座1的下底面上;第一滑轨5和第一平移气缸7均安装在底座1上,第一滑座6安装在第一滑轨5上,第一平移气缸7的活塞杆与第一滑座6连接;第一升降机构8和第二升降机构10均安装在第一滑座6上;支撑条9水平安装在第一升降机构8的动力输出端上;第一床板2通过多个轴承18可转动安装在支撑条9上,第一床板2的底部与轴承18的外圈连接, 支撑条9与轴承18的内圈连接;支撑座11安装在第二升降机构1〇的动力输出端上;第 [0018] As shown, the patient handling bed 1 includes a base 1, a first deck 2, the second deck 3, a plurality of wheels 4, 5 a first rail, a first carriage 6, a first translating cylinder 7, a first lifting mechanism 8, a support strip 9, the second elevating mechanism 10, support base 11, the second carriage 12, a second slide 13, cylinder 14 and a plurality of second translation slider 15, a first deck 2 the upper surface of the second deck 3 are provided with cushioning layer 16, a first deck 2, the second deck 3 are provided with a plurality of air-permeable apertures 17; 4 wheels mounted on the bottom surface of the base 1; first slide a first translation rail 5 and cylinder 7 are mounted on the base 1, a first carriage 6 mounted on the first slide 5, the first translation of the cylinder piston rod 7 is connected to the first carriage 6; a first elevating mechanism 8 and second elevating mechanism 10 are mounted on the first carriage 6; horizontal support bar 9 is mounted on the power output of the first lifting means 8; deck 2 through a first plurality of bearings 18 is rotatably mounted on the support bar 9 , a first bottom deck 2 and the outer ring of bearing 18 connected to the support strip 9 is connected with the inner ring of the bearing 18; support base 11 is mounted on the power output of the second lift mechanism 1〇; a first 二滑轨13和第二平移气缸14安装在支撑座11上;第二滑座12安装在第二滑轨13上,第二平移气缸14的活塞杆与第二滑座12连接;第二床板3的底面开设有多条自中间向内侧延伸的滑槽19,各个滑块15处于相应的滑槽19中,滑块15上部的横截面大于滑槽19槽口的宽度,滑块I 5下部的横截面小于滑槽19槽口的宽度,滑块15下部自滑槽19槽口向下伸出并与第二滑座12连接;第一床板2与第二床板3的内侧边铰接。 Two rails 13 and a second translating cylinder 14 mounted on the support base 11; a second carriage 12 is mounted on the second slide rail 13, second translating cylinder rod 12 is connected with the second carriage 14; a second deck 3 the bottom surface defines a plurality of chutes extending inwardly from the intermediate 19, the slider 15 is in each respective chute 19, the upper portion 15 of the slider chute 19 is greater than the cross-sectional width of the slot, the lower portion of the slider I 5 the chute 19 is less than the cross-sectional width of the slot, the lower portion of the slider 15 from the chute 19 extending downward and connected to the second notch carriage 12; a first articulated deck 2 and the second inner side 3 of the deck.

[0019] 第一升降机构8、第二升降机构10均包括电机801、螺杆802、螺母803、升降板804、升降柱805、导向杆806和导向套807 ;电机801、螺杆802、导向杆806均安装在第一滑座6上,螺杆802与导向杆806均竖直设置并相互平行,螺杆802与电机801传动连接;螺母803和导向套807均安装在升降板804上,螺杆802处于螺母803中并且与螺母803相啮合,导向杆806处于导向套S07中;升降柱805的下端固定安装在升降板804上,升降柱805的上端作为第一升降机构8、第二升降机构10的动力输出端。 [0019] The first elevating mechanism 8, the second lifting mechanism 10 includes a motor 801, a screw 802, a nut 803, lift plate 804, the lifting column 805, the guide rods 806 and the guide sleeve 807; a motor 801, a screw 802, the guide rods 806 are mounted on the first carriage 6, the screw 802 and guide rods 806 are vertically disposed parallel to each other, drive screw 802 is connected with the motor 801; the guide sleeve 803 and nut 807 are mounted on the lift plate 804, the screw nut 802 is 803 and the nut 803 is engaged with the guide bar 806 in the guide sleeve S07; the lower end of the lifting columns 805 fixedly mounted on the lift plate 804, the upper end 805 of the lifting column as a first elevating mechanism 8, the second elevating mechanism 10 of the power an output terminal.

[0020] 这种病人搬运床还包括第一防侧翻机构20和第二防侧翻机构21,第一防侧翻机构20设置在第一床板2的底部与第一升降机构8的升降柱805之间;第二防侧翻机构21 设置在第二床板3的底部与第二升降机构10的升降柱805之间。 [0020] Such a patient transfer bed 20 and further comprising a second anti-roll mechanism 21, the first rollover rollover mechanism 20 is provided a first means in the first lifting column and the bottom of the first deck 8 of the lift mechanism 2 between 805; second anti-roll mechanism 21 is provided at the bottom of the second deck 3 and a second lift mechanism 10 between the lifting column 805.

[0021] 第一防侧翻机构20包括第一L型连杆2001、第一轴套2〇〇2和第一螺钉2003 ;第一轴套20〇2套在第一升降机构8的升降柱805上,第一轴套2002上设有第一螺孔2004, 第一螺钉2003处于第一螺孔2004中,第一L型连杆2001的上端与第一床板2铰接,铰接位置处于支撑条9外侧,第一L型连杆2001的下端与第一轴套20〇2连接;第二防侧翻机构21包括第二L型连杆2101、第二轴套2102和第二螺钉21〇3,第二轴套21〇2套在第二升降机构10的升降柱805上,第二轴套21〇2上设有第二螺孔2104,第二螺钉21〇3处于第二螺孔21〇4中,第二L型连杆2101的上端与第二床板3铰接,铰接位置处于滑槽19外端的外侦牝第二L型连杆2101的下端与第二轴套2102连接。 [0021] The first anti-roll mechanism 20 includes a first L-shaped link 2001, a first sleeve and a first screw 2〇〇2 2003; 20〇2 first sleeve in the first sleeve 8 of the lifting mechanism lifting column 805, a first sleeve is provided with a first screw hole 2004 on 2002, 2003 of the first screw holes 2004 in a first, upper end of the first L-shaped hinge link 2001 and 2, the hinge position of the first article supporting deck in 9 the outside, the lower end of the first L-shaped link 2001 is connected to a first sleeve 20〇2; second anti-roll mechanism 21 includes a second L-shaped link 2101, a second sleeve 2102 and the second screw 21〇3 , 21〇2 second sleeve fitted over the second lifting column 805 of the lifting mechanism 10, the second sleeve 2104 21〇2 provided with a second screw, the second screw in the second screw hole 21〇 21〇3 4, the upper end 2101 of the second L-shaped link and a second hinge deck 3, the lower end of the chute 19 at a pivot point of the outer end of the second L-shaped female outer detect link 2101 and the second sleeve 2102 is connected.

[0022]当要将病人从病人搬运床转移到病床上时,将病人搬运床推到病床边,并通过第一平移气缸7推动整个第一滑座6向病床方向移动,使第一床板2伸出到病床上方贴近病床的表面,然后,第一升降机构8的升降柱805逐渐下降、第二升降机构10的升降柱8〇5逐渐上升,使第一床板2、第二床板3均向下倾斜(向病床中间方向倾斜),使得病人有向下滑落的趋势,然后,第二平移气缸14动作,推动第二滑座I 2向病床方向移动,使得滑块15沿滑槽I9向内侧运动,从而使得第二床板3以铰接位置为轴线向上翻转,第二床板3将病人轻推,使病人沿向下倾斜的第一床板2滑落到病床上。 [0022] When you want to transfer the patient from bed to bed the patient handling, transporting the patient to push the bed the bedside, and pushes the entire carriage 6 is moved toward a first direction by the first translation beds cylinder 7, the first deck 2 projects above the surface of the bed close to the bed, and then, the first lifting column 8 of the lift mechanism 805 gradually decreases, the second lifting column 10 of the lift mechanism gradually rises 8〇5 the first deck 2, the second deck 3 are downwardly (inclined direction intermediate bed), so that the patient tends to fall down, and then the second translation operation cylinder 14, pushes the second carriage moves in the beds I 2 direction, so that the slider 15 along the slide groove I9 inner movement, so that the second deck 3 position turned upwards articulated axis, the second deck 3 nudges the patient, the patient first deck 2 along the downwardly inclined slide onto the bed. 当要将病人从病床转移到病人搬运床上时,将病人搬运床推到病床边,并通过第一平移气缸7推动整个第一滑座6向病床方向移动,使第一床板2伸出到病床上方贴近病床的表面,然后,第一升降机构8的升降柱8〇5 逐渐下降、第二升降机构10的升降柱80S逐渐上升,使第一床板2、第二床板3均向下倾斜(向病床中间方向倾斜),然后轻推病人,病人沿斜坡滑上第一床板2,接着,第一升降机构8 的升降柱805上升,第二升降机构1〇的升降柱805下降,这样在轻推病人的情况下,病人就顺着下坡滑向第一床板2与第二床板3的中间位置。 When you want to transfer the patient from the patient bed transport bed, transport bed is racked to the patient bedside, and pushes the entire carriage 6 is moved toward a first direction by the first translation beds cylinder 7, to extend the first deck 2 above the surface of the bed close to the bed, and then, a first lifting mechanism lifting column 8 8〇5 decreased, the second lift mechanism lifting column 80S 10 gradually rises, so that the first deck 2, the second deck 3 are inclined downward ( intermediate beds inclined direction), and then gently push the patient, the patient first slide along a ramp deck 2, and then, the first lift mechanism 805 rises lifting column 8, the second lifting column 1〇 lift mechanism 805 drops, so that the light in the case of pushing the patient, the patient slides down the downhill position of the first intermediate deck 2 and the deck 3 of a second. 在对病人搬运转移时,只需轻推病人, 使病$沿第一床板2向上滑或向下滑,其它动作都由机械完成,相当方便;由机械实现病人的搬运转移,病人能够保持较好的平展状态,更加安全可靠;另外,由机械实现病人的搬运转移,大幅度降低护士的工作强度,减少护士的疲劳,让护士有充足的精力投入到工作中, 通常也只需要一个护士进行操作即可,减少人力。 When the patient carrying the transfer, the patient simply nudges the disease in the first deck $ 2 slide up or decline, by other mechanical actions completed, very convenient; patient handling achieved by a mechanical transfer, the patient is better able to maintain the flat state, more secure and reliable; in addition, implemented by mechanical transfer of patient handling, a significant reduction in the intensity of the work of nurses, reduce fatigue nurses, nurses have enough energy into work, often only need a nurse to operate to reduce manpower.

[0023]在平时作为搬运床的情况下,拧紧第一螺钉20〇3、第二螺钉2103,第一L型连杆2001、第一L型连杆2101分别对第一床板2、第二床板3构成稳固的支撑结构,防止第一床板3、第二床板4的外侧受重压而向外翻转,安全可靠;当在病床间对病人进行转移时,松开拧紧第一螺钉2003、第二螺钉21〇3,第一轴套2〇〇2、第二轴套2102能够自由上下运动,不会影响第一床板2、第二床板3的活动。 [0023] In the case of a normal transport bed, 20〇3 tightening the first screw, the second screw 2103, a first L-shaped link 2001, a first L-shaped link 2101 to the first deck 2, respectively, the second deck 3 constituting stable support structure to prevent the first deck 3, the outside of the second deck 4 and turned inside out by the weight, safe and reliable; when the patient is transferred between the bed, loosen the screws tightening the first 2003, second 21〇3 screws, 2〇〇2 first sleeve, the second sleeve 2102 can be freely moved up and down, will not affect the first deck 2, the second deck 3 activity.

[0024]此外,需要说明的是,本说明书中所描述的具体实施例,其各部分名称等可以不同,凡依本发明专利构思所述的构造、特征及原理所做的等效或简单变化,均包括于本发明专利的保护范围内。 [0024] Further, it is noted that the specific embodiments described in the specification, like parts thereof may be different names, all equivalent under this structure, characteristics of the inventive concepts and principles of patent or made by simple variation of It is included within the scope of patent protection of the present invention. 本发明所属技术领域的技术人员可以对所描述的具体实施例做各种各样的修改或补充或采用类似的方式替代,只要不偏离本发明的结构或者超越本权利要求书所定义的范围,均应属于本发明的保护范围。 Those skilled in the art of the present invention can be made to the specific embodiments described various modifications or additions, or a similar alternative embodiment, the structure of the present invention without departing from the present or beyond the scope of the claims as defined, It shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. 一种病人搬运床,包括底座、第一床板、第二床板和多个轮子,轮子安装在底座的下底面上,其特征是:还包括第一滑轨、第一滑座、第一平移机构、第一升降机构、支撑条、第二升降机构、支撑座、第二滑座、第二滑轨、第二平移机构和多个滑块;第一滑轨和第一平移机构均安装在所述底座上,第一滑座安装在第一滑轨上,第一平移机构的动力输出端与第一滑座连接;第一升降机构和第二升降机构均安装在第一滑座上;支撑条水平安装在第一升降机构的动力输出端上;第一床板的底部可转动安装在支撑条上;支撑座安装在第二升降机构的动力输出端上;第二滑轨和第二平移机构安装在支撑座上;第二滑座安装在第二滑轨上,第二平移机构的动力输出端与第二滑座连接;第二床板的底面开设有多条自中间向内侧延伸的滑槽,各个滑块处于相应的 1. A patient transport bed, comprising a base, a first deck, the second deck, and a plurality of wheels, wheels are mounted on the bottom surface of the base, characterized in that: further comprising a first slide, the first slide, a first translation mechanism, a first lift mechanism, the support bar, the second lift mechanism, the support base, the second slide, a second slide rail, and a plurality of sliders second translation means; a first rail and a first translation mechanism are mounted on the base, a first carriage mounted on the first rail, the power output of the first translation mechanism connected to the first carriage; a first lifting means and second lifting means are mounted on a first carriage ; horizontal support bar mounted on the power output of the first lifting mechanism; a first bottom deck rotatably mounted on the support bar; support base is mounted on the power output of the second elevating mechanism; and a second rail and a second translation mechanism mounted on the support base; and a second carriage mounted on the second slide, the power output of the second translation mechanism connected to the second carriage; bottom of the second deck defines a plurality of inwardly extending from the intermediate chute, each slide in the respective 槽中,滑块上部的横截面大于滑槽槽口的宽度,滑块下部的横截面小于滑槽槽口的宽度,滑块下部自滑槽槽口向下伸出并与第二滑座连接; 第一床板与第二床板的内侧边铰接。 Groove cross section, the upper part of the slider chute is larger than the width of the slot, is smaller than the cross section of the lower part of the slider chute width of the slot, the lower portion of the slider extends downwardly and is connected with a second carriage from the slide slot ; articulated inner edge of the first deck and a second deck.
2. 如权利要求1所述的病人搬运床,其特征是:所述第一升降机构、第二升降机构均包括电机、螺杆、螺母、升降板、升降柱、导向柱和导向套;电机、螺杆、导向杆均安装在所述第一滑座上,螺杆与导向杆均竖直设置并相互平行,螺杆与电机传动连接;螺母和导向套均安装在升降板上,螺杆处于螺母中并且与螺母相啮合,导向杆处于导向套中;升降柱的下端固定安装在升降板上,升降柱的上端作为第一升降机构、第二升降机构的动力输出端。 2. The patient handling of the bed according to claim 1, wherein: said first elevator means, the second lifting mechanism comprises a motor, a screw, a nut, lift plate, lifting column, guide post and guide sleeve; motor, screw, the guide rods each mounted on the first carriage, the screw and the guide rod are arranged vertically and parallel to each other, the drive screw and the motor is connected; nut and the guide sleeve are mounted on the lifting plate, and the screw nut is nut engages, the guide rod in the guide sleeve; the lower end of the lifting columns fixedly mounted on the lifting plate, an upper end of a first lifting column as the lifting mechanism, the power output of the second lifting mechanism.
3. 如权利要求1或2所述的病人搬运床,其特征是:还包括第一防侧翻机构和第二防侧翻机构,第一防侧翻机构设置在所述第一床板的底部与第一升降机构的升降柱之间;第二防侧翻机构设置在所述第二床板的底部与第二升降机构的升降柱之间。 The base further comprising a first anti-roll means and the second anti-roll means, a first rollover mechanism is disposed between the first deck: 3. The patient handling bed of claim 1 or claim 2, characterized in that between the first lifting column and the lifting mechanism; the second anti-roll mechanism is provided between the bottom of the lifting column and the second lifting mechanism to the second deck.
4. 如权利要求3所述的病人搬运床,其特征是:所述第一防侧翻机构包括第一L型连杆、第一轴套和第一螺钉;第一轴套套在所述第一升降机构的升降柱上,第一轴套上设有第一螺孔,第一螺钉处于第一螺孔中,第一L型连杆的上端与所述第一床板铰接,铰接位置处于所述支撑条外侧,第一L型连杆的下端与第一轴套连接;第二防侧翻机构包括第二L型连杆、第二轴套和第二螺钉,第二轴套套在所述第二升降机构的升降柱上,第二轴套上设有第二螺孔,第二螺钉处于第二螺孔中,第二L型连杆的上端与所述第二床板铰接,铰接位置处于所述滑槽外端的外侧,第二L型连杆的下端与第二轴套连接。 4. The bed of the patient carrying claimed in claim 3, wherein: the first anti-roll means comprises a first L-shaped link, a first sleeve and a first screw; a first sleeve onto said first a lifting column of the lifting mechanism, the first screw hole is provided on a first sleeve, a first screw hole in the first screw, the upper end of the first L-shaped link with a first deck hinge, the hinge position is said outer support section, the lower end of the first L-shaped link connected to the first sleeve; second anti-roll means comprises a second L-shaped link, a second bushing and a second screw, said second sleeve onto the a second lifting column of the lifting mechanism, the second sleeve is provided with a second screw, the second screw in the second screw hole, the upper end of the second L-shaped link and a second deck hinge, the hinge position is the outer end of the outer chute, the lower end of the second L-shaped link connected to the second sleeve.
5. 如权利要求1或2所述的病人搬运床,其特征是:所述第一床板通过多个轴承可转动安装在所述支撑条上,第一床板的底部与轴承的外圈连接,支撑条与轴承的内圈连接。 5. A patient bed or the handling of claim 1, wherein: said first deck by a plurality of bearings is rotatably mounted on the support bar, the bottom of the bearing outer ring is connected to the first deck, a support bar connected to the inner ring of the bearing.
6. 如权利要求1或2所述的病人搬运床,其特征是:所述第一床板、第二床板的上表面均设有软垫层。 6. If the patient handling bed of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein: said first deck, upper deck surface of the second cushioning layer are provided.
7. 如权利要求1或2所述的病人搬运床,其特征是:所述第一床板、第二床板上均设有多个透气小孔。 7. The patient handling bed of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein: said first deck, each provided with a plurality of second bedplate permeable apertures.
8. 如权利要求1或2所述的病人搬运床,其特征是:所述第一平移机构为第一平移气缸。 8. A patient handling bed of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein: said first translation mechanism to translate the first cylinder.
9. 如权利要求1或2所述的病人搬运床,其特征是:所述第二平移机构为第二平移气缸。 9. The patient handling bed of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein: said second translation mechanism to translate the second cylinder.
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105496689A (en) * 2015-12-02 2016-04-20 张合明 Movement trajectory achieving method of medical bed with patient transfer function
CN106137637A (en) * 2015-05-14 2016-11-23 株式会社安川电机 Transfer machine is used in nurse
CN107693265A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-02-16 万馨彤 A kind of patient transfer apparatus

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US20120326876A1 (en) * 2010-03-04 2012-12-27 Keimyung University Industry Academic Cooperation Foundation Functional table for transferring patient
CN202802027U (en) * 2012-08-23 2013-03-20 河北联合大学 Medical portable foldable transfer plate
CN203609085U (en) * 2013-10-28 2014-05-28 许垂彬 Lifting bed frame structure capable of realizing integral horizontal movement
CN203777174U (en) * 2014-02-27 2014-08-20 崔玉忠 Multifunctional electric transfer bed

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US6349432B1 (en) * 1998-11-16 2002-02-26 Mla Stretchair Method and apparatus for patient transfer
US20120326876A1 (en) * 2010-03-04 2012-12-27 Keimyung University Industry Academic Cooperation Foundation Functional table for transferring patient
CN202802027U (en) * 2012-08-23 2013-03-20 河北联合大学 Medical portable foldable transfer plate
CN203609085U (en) * 2013-10-28 2014-05-28 许垂彬 Lifting bed frame structure capable of realizing integral horizontal movement
CN203777174U (en) * 2014-02-27 2014-08-20 崔玉忠 Multifunctional electric transfer bed

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106137637A (en) * 2015-05-14 2016-11-23 株式会社安川电机 Transfer machine is used in nurse
CN105496689A (en) * 2015-12-02 2016-04-20 张合明 Movement trajectory achieving method of medical bed with patient transfer function
CN105496689B (en) * 2015-12-02 2019-01-04 张合明 A kind of medical bed motion profile implementation method with transfer patient's function
CN107693265A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-02-16 万馨彤 A kind of patient transfer apparatus

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