CN104179497B - Release type while-drilling (WD) downhole data uploading method and system - Google Patents

Release type while-drilling (WD) downhole data uploading method and system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104179497B
CN104179497B CN201310191269.8A CN201310191269A CN104179497B CN 104179497 B CN104179497 B CN 104179497B CN 201310191269 A CN201310191269 A CN 201310191269A CN 104179497 B CN104179497 B CN 104179497B
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China
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radio transceiver
measurement data
micro radio
transceiver module
data
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CN104179497A (en
Inventor
倪卫宁
李继博
张卫
陆黄生
李三国
李新
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China Petroleum and Chemical Corp
Sinopec Research Institute of Petroleum Engineering
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China Petroleum and Chemical Corp
Sinopec Research Institute of Petroleum Engineering
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Priority to CN201310191269.8A priority Critical patent/CN104179497B/en
Priority claimed from PCT/CN2014/078170 external-priority patent/WO2014187346A1/en
Publication of CN104179497A publication Critical patent/CN104179497A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a release type while-drilling (WD) downhole data uploading method and system. The system comprises a WD thrown pup joint and a wireless transceiver, wherein the WD thrown pup joint is connected with a downhole logging-while-drilling (LWD) measurement tool, so as to acquire measurement data obtained by the downhole LWD measurement tool through real-time measurement; the wireless transceiver is arranged on the WD thrown pup joint and is used for transmitting the acquired measurement data to miniature wireless transceiver modules, which are arranged in a cavity of the WD thrown pup joint, in a wireless communication manner; the WD thrown pup joint is used for throwing the measurement data loaded miniature wireless transceiver modules into an annular space between a drill rod and the wall of a well, so that the miniature wireless transceiver modules cyclically rotate along with mud and return to the upside of the well. According to the method and the system, the WD thrown pup joint transmits the measurement data acquired by the WD thrown pup joint to the miniature wireless transceiver modules in a wireless transmission manner, and the miniature wireless transceiver modules are cyclically returned to the ground in a manner of using the mud as a carrier, so that the quick uploading of the downhole measurement data is realized.

Description

A kind of release type is with data uploading method under drilling well and system
Technical field
The present invention relates to oil and gas development and Exploration Domain, more particularly, to a kind of release type with data uploading method under drilling well With system.
Background technology
With the rapid growth of offshore drilling and continuing to develop for horizontal well technology, the application of logging while drilling technology is also got over Come more extensive.The real-time for differring primarily in that its data acquisition of well logging and Regular wireline, formation data be What drilling fluid was obtained in the case of having slightly invasion or no invasion, thus closer undisturbed formation.Completed while drilling well The test of formation data and be transferred to ground carry out field assay with explain, not only saved drilling period, and can instruct Drilling well, adjusts wellbore trace, improves drilling course.Therefore, it is logging while drilling technology that how the signal in shaft bottom is transferred to ground One key link, while being also to restrict one of " bottleneck " that logging while drilling technology develops.
Whether current well logging is divided into real-time Transmission mode and memory-type transmission means according to data transfer.Real-time Transmission Mode is that the data of measurement while drilling are transferred to ground in time by various wired or wireless data transfer modes.This mode There is very important meaning to instructing geosteering during drilling well, particularly drilling well, but various data transfers are all difficult at present Underground mass data is timely and effectively transferred to reach the requirement on ground.Memory-type transmission means refers to the number of well logging According to survey tool the inside is stored directly in, when pulling out of hole, during mentioning ground with brill instrument, then digital independent is gone out by cable Come, this mode can complete the collection of mass data, but real-time is inadequate.
Wire transmission mode includes cable transmission mode, Optical Fiber Transmission mode and drill pipe transmission mode.Paper 1 (《Intelligence is bored The research of column information and electrical power transmission system, oil drilling technology》2006,34(5):10-13.):Cable is with brill signal transmission Method is that subordinate enters armored cable, transmission signal in drilling rod.With the intensification of drilling depth, electricity must be proposed when adjunction is single , or be interspersed in cable in drill pipe bore in advance by cable and with instrument is bored.Paper 2 (《With brill data transfer new technology》Stone Oily instrument, 2004,18 (6):26-31.):Optical Fiber Transmission mode is that the optical fiber with protective layer is lowered into well, from bottom with Bore instrument and be connected to ground.The effect of optical fiber is as cable.Paper 3 (《Rotary steerable drilling state-of-the-art and prospect》. Petroleum machinery, 2006,34 (4):66-70):Drill pipe transmission mode is that conductor is arranged in drilling rod to become drilling rod entirety A part.Whole drill string is formed electrical signal paths mounted in the special link block of tool joint, realize data transfer.More than this A little modes are due to using wired connection, it is advantageous that transmission speed is very fast, far above wireless mode.But cable, optical fiber, Drill rod special connector is all needed to be arranged on whole pit shaft, and during drilling well, drilling rod rotates in high speed, and the above is all easily damaged. Therefore haveing the shortcomings that common poor reliability, manufacture craft are relative complex these prior arts more, and often influenceing normal boring Well process.The above prior art is in actual well logging production process using less.
Wireless transmission method includes mud(That is drilling fluid)Three kinds of pulse, electromagnetic wave and sound wave.Wherein mud-pulse and electricity Magnetic wave mode has been applied to actual well logging production, most widely used with mud-pulse formula.Patent 1 (《One kind be used for Bore the high-speed transmission sending device of measurement》, publication number:201020298582.3):Mud pulse signal generator is main by earial drainage Valve or choke valve are constituted, and when valve on and off, change are produced by the drilling well flow velocity that annular space is flowed in drill string Change, the drilling hydraulic Reeb in drilling rod will be caused to produce a series of pulse, data are loaded by opening and closing valve Onto these pulses, it is possible to data transfer to ground.But mud wave is equivalent to mechanical wave, its modulation system receives its speed To considerable restraint, the highest transmission speed of current technology report also can only achieve the data of tens per second, it is difficult to meet underground The quick upload of measurement data.Patent 2 (《The electromagnetic wave signal transmission method and system of a kind of measurement while drilling》, publication number: 102251769A):Electromagnetic measurement while drilling is with stratum as transmission medium or with drill string as transmission conductor.Downhole instrument by measure Data are modulated onto electromagnetic wave carrier, are launched in underground by electromagnetic wave transmitter, by various channel transfers to ground.Ground The electromagnetic wave signal for having modulated measurement data that face wave detector will be detected, demodulates measurement data to come by process circuit. Document 3 (《Application of the sonic transmissions measuring technology in oil field》Observation and control technology, 2005,24 (11):76278):Be using sound wave or Seismic wave carrys out transmission signal by drilling rod or stratum.Sound wave emission system is arranged on drilling rod, and system adjusts various measurement data Make on acoustic vibration signal, along drill pipe transmission to ground, the acoustic receiver system for being installed in ground receives, demodulates and. Sonic transmissions are as electromagnetic transmission, it is not necessary to which mud is circulated, and implementation method is simple, low cost.And it has the disadvantage decay too Hurry up, affected by environment very big, low intensity signal and the sound wave and Electromagnetic Interference by drilling equipment generation that well is produced make spy Survey signal extremely difficult, and transmission speed is slower.
Therefore, a kind of novel high speed, low cost is needed badly to solve the above problems with boring downhole data and upload scheme.
The content of the invention
One of technical problems to be solved by the invention are to need to provide a kind of novel high speed, and the release type of low cost is with brill Downhole data method for uploading and system.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the invention provides a kind of release type with brill downhole data uploading system, including: Pipe nipple is thrown with boring, it is connected with DHLWD survey tool, obtain the DHLWD survey tool and survey in real time The measurement data for measuring;The wireless transmitter that pipe nipple is thrown with brill is arranged on, it passes through the measurement data of acquisition Communication is transmitted into the micro radio transceiver module being placed in the cavity with brill throwing pipe nipple, wherein, it is described The micro radio transceiver module that will be loaded with measurement data with brill throwing pipe nipple is thrown to the annular formed between drilling rod and the borehole wall In space so that the micro radio transceiver module follows mud circulation rotating to return on well.
In one embodiment, also including ground receiving wastewater facility, during it receives and processes the micro radio transceiver module Measurement data.
In one embodiment, it is placed in the number of the micro radio transceiver module with the cavity for boring throwing pipe nipple extremely It is less one.
In one embodiment, it is described to be further used for regularly being loaded with the multiple micro- of measurement data with brill throwing pipe nipple Type radio receiving transmitting module is thrown into the annular space formed between drilling rod and the borehole wall according to data loading sequence.
In one embodiment, the micro radio transceiver module, its diameter is in the range of 5 millimeters -50 millimeters, and it is thick Degree is in the range of 0.1 millimeter -50 millimeters.
In one embodiment, the micro radio transceiver module includes transmission circuit and storage circuit, the storage electricity Road is set to the data volume that can be loaded in the range of -100 megabits of 1 bit.
In one embodiment, the communication includes WiFi, bluetooth, Zigbee and RFID.
According to a further aspect of the invention, a kind of release type is additionally provided with data uploading method under drilling well, including:
Step one, inserts being surveyed in real time with the brill throwing pipe nipple connected DHLWD survey tool of acquisition for underground The measurement data for measuring;Step 2, is arranged on the measurement data that will be obtained with the wireless transmitter for boring throwing pipe nipple Transmitted by communication described with the micro radio transceiver module bored in the cavity for throwing pipe nipple to being placed in;Step Three, the micro radio transceiver module that will be loaded with measurement data with brill throwing pipe nipple is thrown between drilling rod and the borehole wall and is formed Annular space in so that the micro radio transceiver module follow mud circulation rotating return well on.
In one embodiment, also include:Step 4, ground receiving wastewater facility is received and processes the micro radio transmitting-receiving mould Measurement data in block.
In one embodiment, it is described to be loaded with measurement data with brill throwing pipe nipple timing in the step 3 Multiple micro radio transceiver modules are thrown into the annular space formed between drilling rod and the borehole wall according to data loading sequence.
Compared with prior art, one or more embodiments of the invention can have the following advantages that:
The release type that the present invention is provided obtains coupled with downhole data uploading system is bored by throwing pipe nipple with brill The measurement data that DHM-MWD instrument is measured in real time, and passed measurement data using its built-in wireless transmitter Transport to and be placed on the micro radio transceiver module thrown in pipe nipple cavity is bored, finally utilizing will be loaded with measurement with brill throwing pipe nipple The micro radio transceiver module of data is thrown into mud, it is recycled to ground with mud.So can be rapidly real in time Now with the upload for boring downhole data, and this short-range Wireless Data Transmission speed ratio mud-pulse, electromagnetic wave and sound wave The multiple order of magnitude high etc. transmission means, with communication efficiency higher.In addition, only being received and dispatched mud stream as micro radio here The medium of module transfer, rather than the mud-pulse of loading signal, therefore improves data transfer speed, has reached quick Earthward transmit the purpose of reliable measurements data.
Other features and advantages of the present invention will be illustrated in the following description, also, the partly change from specification Obtain it is clear that or being understood by implementing the present invention.The purpose of the present invention and other advantages can be by specification, rights Specifically noted structure is realized and obtained in claim and accompanying drawing.
Brief description of the drawings
Accompanying drawing is used for providing a further understanding of the present invention, and constitutes a part for specification, with reality of the invention Apply example to be provided commonly for explaining the present invention, be not construed as limiting the invention.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of downhole data uploading system according to an embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the schematic flow sheet of downhole data method for uploading according to an embodiment of the invention;
Specific embodiment
To make the object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearer, further is made to the present invention below in conjunction with accompanying drawing Ground is described in detail.
The purpose of the present embodiment is to propose one kind than other method in the field more at a high speed, and on less expensive downhole data Biography system.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of downhole data uploading system according to an embodiment of the invention, comes detailed below with reference to Fig. 1 Describe each part of bright the system and its function in detail.
As shown in figure 1, the Drilling derrick 20 being placed on ground drives drilling rod 40 to rotate at a high speed with rig 30, drilling rod 40 drives Drill bit 50 is quick to creep into underground, one well 70 of Drilling in stratum, the different geological structure layer in incision underground, to verify ground Situations such as lower geology.Drilling rod 40 includes longitudinal flow passage 60, the outlet of fluid passage 60 by drill bit 50 hydrophthalmia 51, drilling rod An annular space 80 is formed and the borehole wall between.
Describe how the system realizes that the data of underground are uploaded in detail below with reference to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2.
The DHM-MWD instrument 65 being arranged on drilling rod 40 is connected with brill throwing pipe nipple 62, and it passes through wired connection (Such as cable connection)The underground survey data for obtaining are measured in real time to obtain DHM-MWD instrument 65(Step S210).Set With bore throw pipe nipple 62 wireless transmitter 63, its by the measurement data of acquisition by communication transmission be placed in Brill is thrown in the micro radio transceiver module 10 in the cavity of pipe nipple(Step S220).
This short-range wireless transmission method, preferably includes the Wireless Data Transmission of WiFi, bluetooth, Zigbee and RFID Agreement, because the transmission speed of this mode is higher by multiple orders of magnitude than mud-pulse, electromagnetic wave and sonic transmissions, it is ensured that real When downhole data fast and accurately transmit.
In one embodiment, it is placed in described with the individual of the micro radio transceiver module 10 bored in the cavity for throwing pipe nipple 62 Number is at least one.Because transmission circuit and storage circuit included by the micro radio transceiver module 10 and other are attached Mechanism can be made it is very small, therefore completely can it is limited with bore throw pipe nipple 62 inside cavity place more than 1000 Micro radio transceiver module 10.
Preferably, the diameter of micro radio transceiver module 10 is in the range of 5 millimeters -50 millimeters, thickness 0.1 millimeter - In the range of 50 millimeters, the data volume that storage circuit can be loaded is in the range of -100 megabits of 1 bit.In the present embodiment, Designed micro radio transceiver module 10, its diameter only has 1.2cm, and thickness only has 0.2cm, therefore 1000 bodies of the module Product only has about 226cm3Volume, such volume completely can with drill tools realize.Also, each in the embodiment The micro radio transceiver module can load the data of 8KBytes, and this can load altogether the data of 8MBytes, data so Amount, cannot be realized with mud-pulse.And the data volume that can be transmitted as needed, increase or decrease micro radio transmitting-receiving Number of modules, or increase data transmission capabilities with throwing pipe nipple cascade is bored using multiple.
Further, since need not be by hydrophthalmia 51, it is bigger that micro radio transceiver module 10 can be designed, and so can Reach communication efficiency higher.And, micro radio transceiver module 10 can be used has power mode to work, it is also possible to use nothing Power mode works.
Then, the radio receiving transmitting module 10 that will be loaded with measurement data with brill throwing pipe nipple 62 is thrown to well bar 40 and the borehole wall Between formed annular space 80 in so that micro radio transceiver module 10 follow mud circulation rotating return well on(Step S230).In one embodiment, with bore throw the timing of pipe nipple 62 between drilling rod 40 and the borehole wall formed annular space 80 according to The loading sequence of measurement data throws the micro radio transceiver module 10 for being loaded with real-time underground survey data, makes it with annular space Mud circulation rotating in 80 is returned on well.
Due to here only using mud as micro radio transceiver module 10 carrier, and not by downhole data modulation arrive On mud-pulse ripple, such high degree improves data transmission bauds.And, throw micro- according to the order of loading measurement data Type radio receiving transmitting module 10, it is ensured that the continuous output of measurement data and real-time.
Finally, ground receiving wastewater facility 12 is communicated with the micro radio transceiver module 10 being recycled on well, is received and is located The real-time underground survey data being loaded with reason micro radio transceiver module 10(Step S240).
In sum, the downhole data uploading system of the embodiment of the present invention, it is short with throwing is bored by measurement while drilling instrument Section connection, Data Collection is stored in throwing pipe nipple with brill, and by wireless transmission standards agreement, the data transfer that will be stored To micro radio transceiver module.This data transmission method greatly improved message transmission rate, reliable communications, and only use mud As transmission medium, without extra cost, normal drilling process is not influenceed.
The above, specific implementation case only of the invention, protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, any ripe Those skilled in the art are known in technical specification of the present invention, modifications of the present invention or replacement all should be in the present invention Protection domain within.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of release type with bore downhole data uploading system, including:
Pipe nipple is thrown with boring, it is connected with DHLWD survey tool, obtain the DHLWD survey tool reality When the measurement data that obtains of measurement;
The wireless transmitter that pipe nipple is thrown with brill is arranged on, its measurement data that will be obtained is passed by communication Transport to and be placed in the micro radio transceiver module with the cavity for boring throwing pipe nipple,
Wherein, it is described with bore throw pipe nipple will be loaded with measurement data micro radio transceiver module throw to drilling rod and the borehole wall it Between formed annular space in so that the micro radio transceiver module follow mud circulation rotating return well on;
The number for being placed in the micro radio transceiver module with the cavity for boring throwing pipe nipple is at least one;
It is described with bore throw pipe nipple be further used for timing will be loaded with multiple micro radio transceiver modules of measurement data according to Data loading sequence is thrown into the annular space formed between drilling rod and the borehole wall.
2. uploading system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that also include:
Ground receiving wastewater facility, it receives and processes the measurement data in the micro radio transceiver module.
3. uploading system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that
The micro radio transceiver module, in the range of 5 millimeters -50 millimeters, its thickness is at 0.1 millimeter -50 millimeters for its diameter In the range of.
4. uploading system according to claim 3, it is characterised in that
The micro radio transceiver module includes transmission circuit and storage circuit, and the storage circuit is set to the data that can be loaded Amount is in the range of -100 megabits of 1 bit.
5. uploading system according to any one of claim 1 to 4, it is characterised in that
The communication includes WiFi, bluetooth, Zigbee and RFID.
6. a kind of release type is comprised the following steps with the method for uploading for boring downhole data:
Step one, inserts being measured in real time with the brill throwing pipe nipple connected DHLWD survey tool of acquisition for underground The measurement data for arriving;
Step 2, is arranged on the measurement data that will be obtained with the wireless transmitter for boring throwing pipe nipple and passes through side wireless communication Formula is transmitted described with the micro radio transceiver module bored in the cavity for throwing pipe nipple to being placed in;
Step 3, the micro radio transceiver module that will be loaded with measurement data with brill throwing pipe nipple is thrown to drilling rod and the borehole wall Between formed annular space in so that the micro radio transceiver module follow mud circulation rotating return well on;Wherein, institute The multiple micro radio transceiver modules that will be loaded with measurement data with brill throwing pipe nipple timing are stated to be thrown according to data loading sequence Into the annular space formed between drilling rod and the borehole wall.
7. method according to claim 6, it is characterised in that also include:
Step 4, ground receiving wastewater facility is received and processes the measurement data in the micro radio transceiver module.
CN201310191269.8A 2013-05-22 2013-05-22 Release type while-drilling (WD) downhole data uploading method and system Active CN104179497B (en)

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CN201310191269.8A CN104179497B (en) 2013-05-22 2013-05-22 Release type while-drilling (WD) downhole data uploading method and system
PCT/CN2014/078170 WO2014187346A1 (en) 2013-05-22 2014-05-22 Data transmission system and method for transmitting downhole measurement-while-drilling data to ground
US14/892,842 US9739141B2 (en) 2013-05-22 2014-05-22 Data transmission system and method for transmission of downhole measurement-while-drilling data to ground
GB1521799.5A GB2533044B (en) 2013-05-22 2014-05-22 Data transmission system and method for transmission of downhole measurement-while-drilling data to ground
CA2912958A CA2912958C (en) 2013-05-22 2014-05-22 Data transmission system and method for transmission of downhole measurement-while-drilling data to ground

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CN105064983A (en) * 2015-06-04 2015-11-18 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Underground wireless pressure measurement system, pressure measurement electric switchgear thereof and data collection transceiver
CN105298473A (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-02-03 刘书豪 Collecting and transmitting system for oil and gas well downhole production signals and transmitting method
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CN107916924B (en) * 2016-10-09 2020-11-13 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Tracer while drilling and micro-memory recovery device and method
CN109469475B (en) * 2017-09-08 2021-11-09 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Underground while-drilling data storage and release device and while-drilling data transmission method
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