CN104162921A - High-pressure quantitative rubber saving process of paste spraying pipe for fiber plate - Google Patents

High-pressure quantitative rubber saving process of paste spraying pipe for fiber plate Download PDF

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CN104162921A
CN104162921A CN 201310183311 CN201310183311A CN104162921A CN 104162921 A CN104162921 A CN 104162921A CN 201310183311 CN201310183311 CN 201310183311 CN 201310183311 A CN201310183311 A CN 201310183311A CN 104162921 A CN104162921 A CN 104162921A
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high
pressure
inlet
pump
steam
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CN 201310183311
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Chinese (zh)
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郭东升
吕爱东
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北京泛欧瑞得科技有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a high-pressure quantitative rubber saving process of a paste spraying pipe for a fiber plate. The high-pressure quantitative rubber saving process comprises a high-pressure power hybrid device, a high-pressure power pump and a high-pressure steam paste spraying pipe gluing device, wherein a glue liquid inlet, a water inlet, a reversed agent inlet and a first compressed air inlet are formed in the input end of the high-pressure power hybrid device; the output end of the high-pressure power hybrid device is connected with the input end of the high-pressure power pump; the external of the high-pressure power pump is connected with a second compressed air inlet and a hot water cleaning inlet; and the output end of the high-pressure power pump is connected with the high-pressure steam paste spraying pipe gluing device. The system can automatically adjust the outlets according to the glue flow so as to keep the spraying pressure in an optimal range; and all sprayers are kept in effective operation in all fiber and glue flow ranges according to the designed maximal fiber flow, so that the spraying pressure is always in the optimal range.

Description

一种用于纤维板的喷浆管高压定量节胶工艺 Quantitative high-pressure spray tube section for dispensing process fiberboard

技术领域 FIELD

[0001 ] 本发明涉及一种用于纤维板生产线的节胶工艺。 [0001] The present invention relates to a dispensing process section for fibreboard production line.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 在纤维板生产过程中,调施胶是一个至关重要的工序,它关系到产品的物理力学性能、质量、生产成本和绿色环保等方面的问题。 [0002] In the fiber production process, Glue is a crucial step, it is related to the issue of physical and mechanical properties of the product, quality, production costs and environmental protection and other aspects. 通过多年来的实验和生产实践证明,纤维板施加胶粘剂有多种方式,不同的施加方式有各自的特点,且具有相应的适用范围和局限性。 Through years of experiments and production practice has proved that there are many ways fiber adhesive application, different methods are applied to their own characteristics, and an appropriate scope and limitations.

[0003] 纤维板的施胶工艺一般包括初期的纤维分离室内施胶、后来的纤维先干燥然后拌胶机内施胶和现在的纤维先施胶后干燥的管道施胶工艺。 [0003] sizing process fiber boards generally comprises a fiber sizing initial separation chamber, then dried and then mixed with the first fibers within the melter and sizing of fibers to sizing now drying duct sizing process. 现在在纤维板施胶工艺,主要存在三个缺点,能耗高、胶耗高,大于三分之一的胶液被预固化或者蒸发、污染环境。 Fibreboard now, there are three major disadvantages of high energy consumption of glue, the glue is greater than one third of the pre-cured or evaporation, polluting the environment. 我国纤维板生产中调施胶技术落后,原胶和各种辅助添加剂的配比不准确,施胶量施胶比过高或过低或不稳定,造成板材物理力学性能不稳定、产品质量不合格、浪费原材料等不良现象,给企业带来了较大的经济损失。 Our fiberboard production Glue backward technology, the ratio of xanthan gum and various auxiliary additives inaccurate sizing sizing than the amount is too low or too high or unstable, resulting in physical and mechanical properties sheet instability, failure of product quality , waste of raw materials and other undesirable phenomena, to bring greater economic losses.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明针对现有人造板生产过程中施胶技术的缺陷和难点,提供一种喷胶线高压定量施胶工艺,具体的说压是一种用于纤维板生产的喷浆管高压定量节胶工艺。 [0004] The present invention is directed to defects and difficulties of the prior art sizing wood-based panel production process provided a high-pressure spray line quantitative sizing process, specifically spray tube for high pressure is pressed fibreboard production quantitative section dispensing process. 所述喷浆管高定量节胶是一种新型的纤维板施胶工艺,该系统能够根据胶液流量自我调节出口孔口直径,从而保持喷射压力在一个最佳的范围内,所有的喷射器根据所设计的最大纤维流量,在所有的纤维和胶液流量范围中保持有效工作,从而保证了喷射压力一直处于一个最佳的范围内,工作原理简单。 The spray tube section high basis gum is a new fibreboard, the system can be self-adjusting according to the diameter of the outlet orifice of the glue flow, thereby maintaining the injection pressure within an optimum range in accordance with all the injectors designed for maximum fiber flow, maintain effective work in all of the fibers and glue flow range, thus ensuring the injection pressure has been at best within a range of works is simple.

[0005] 本发明是通过以下技术方案来实现的: [0005] The present invention is achieved by the following technical solution:

[0006] 本发明的一种用于纤维板的喷浆管高压定量节胶工艺,由高压动力混合装置、高压动力泵、高压蒸汽喷浆管施胶装置组成,所述高压动力混合装置输入端设有胶液进口、进水口、预留剂进口和第一压缩空气进口,所述高压动力混合装置输出端与高压动力泵输入端相连,所述高压动力泵外部连接有第二压缩空气进口和热水清洗进口,所述高压动力泵输出端连接高压蒸汽喷浆管施胶装置。 [0006] Quantitative high-pressure spray tube section for a dispensing process of the present invention, fiber board, by mixing a high-pressure power plant, high pressure power pumps, high pressure steam spray pipes sizing apparatus composed of a high voltage power input terminal of the mixing means provided there glue inlet, water inlet, a first inlet and a compressed air reserve agent inlet, said mixing unit outputs high voltage power input terminal of high voltage power to the pump is connected to the high-pressure pump is connected to a second external power compressed air inlet and heat washing water inlet, the high pressure pump power output terminal connected to the high pressure steam spray tube sizing apparatus.

[0007] 进一步地技术方案,所述高压动力混合装置主要由高压泵、微化机、过滤器、高压流量计和压缩空气泵组成。 [0007] Further aspect, the high voltage power mixing device consists of a high-pressure pump, of a micro machine, a filter, a flow meter and a high-pressure air pump.

[0008] 进一步地技术方案,所述高压动力泵主要由高压泵、空气压缩泵和热水清洗泵组成。 [0008] Further aspect, the high-pressure pump powered by the high pressure pumps, air compressor pump and the hot water pump.

[0009] 进一步地技术方案,所述高压蒸汽喷浆管施胶装置主要由撞针高压喷嘴、蒸汽喷嘴、热水清洗进口、施胶管、第一压缩空气进口、第二压缩空气进口、热蒸汽进口、冷凝水装置和干燥机构成。 [0009] Further aspect, the high-pressure steam spray pipes sizing device consists striker high pressure nozzle, the steam nozzle, hot water inlet, application hose, a first compressed air inlet, a second inlet air, hot steam inlet , condensed water means and the drying means into. 所述撞针闻压喷嘴与蒸汽喷嘴之间设有喷胶管。 Wen the striker is provided between the pressure spray nozzle and the steam tube nozzle.

[0010] 进一步地技术方案,所述施胶管上设有混合胶液进口,所述混合胶液进口与高压动力泵输出端相连。 [0010] Further technical solutions, mixed with the glue applied on the inlet hose connected to the inlet glue mixed with the high pressure output of the pump power.

[0011] 本发明的有益效果是: [0011] Advantageous effects of the present invention are:

[0012] I)高压树脂胶液喷射(100-200巴),胶液节省可达10%至20%。 [0012] I) a high pressure injection resin glue (100-200 bar), glue saving up to 10% to 20%.

[0013] 2)没有胶液羟基化反应,不产生胶液预固化现象。 [0013] 2) No glue hydroxylation does not occur the phenomenon of pre-cured glue.

[0014] 3)自清洁系统,不会产生胶液堵塞现象。 [0014] 3) Self-cleaning system, no glue clogging.

[0015] 4)结构简单,快速安装,不影响生产。 Simple [0015] 4) structure, quick installation, without affecting production.

[0016] 5)没有额外的蒸汽消耗,不产生额外增加的蒸汽成本。 [0016] 5) no additional steam consumption of the steam does not generate additional costs.

[0017] 6)可实现喷嘴的闭环在线清洗,清洗残液可过滤后循环使用,有利于保护环境。 Closed loop line cleaning [0017] 6) of the nozzle can be achieved, the raffinate may be recycled after cleaning the filter, to protect the environment.

[0018] 7)实现胶液高压泵的单独清洗,能够更好的进行持续生产。 [0018] 7) to achieve separate cleaning glue a high pressure pump, continuous production can be performed better.

[0019] 8)压缩空气能够更好的实现胶液的过滤和补偿胶液高压泵的压力,降低胶液高压泵的负荷,延长使用寿命。 [0019] 8) the compressed air pressure to achieve better filtering and compensation glue glue high pressure pump, reducing the load on the glue a high pressure pump and prolong life.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0020] 为了易于说明,本发明由下述的具体实施例及附图作以详细描述。 [0020] For ease of description, the present invention consists of the following examples and particular embodiments described in detail in the accompanying drawings.

[0021] 图1为本发明的一种用于纤维板的喷浆管高压定量节胶工艺流程图; [0021] FIG. 1 of the present invention a high pressure spray tube section quantitative gel process flow diagram of a fiberboard;

[0022] 图2为本发明的撞针高压喷嘴和蒸汽喷嘴结构示意图。 [0022] FIG striker high pressure nozzles 2 of the present invention and a schematic structure of a steam nozzle.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0023] 如图1和图2所示,本发明的一种用于纤维板的喷浆管高压定量节胶工艺,由高压动力混合装置6、高压动力泵5、高压蒸汽喷浆管施胶装置17组成,所述高压动力混合装置6输入端设有胶液进口1、进水口2、预留剂进口3和第一压缩空气进口7,所述高压动力混合装置6输出端与高压动力泵5输入端相连,所述高压动力泵5外部连接有第二压缩空气进口8和热水清洗进口4,所述高压动力泵5输出端连接高压蒸汽喷浆管施胶装置17。 [0023] 1 and 2, the present invention is a high pressure spray tube section quantitative dispensing process for fiberboard, 6 by the high power mixing, a high-pressure pump 5 power, high-pressure steam spray pipes sizing means 2 17 composed of the high voltage power input terminal of the mixing means 6 is provided with glue inlet 1, inlet 2, a first reserve agent inlet 3 and the compressed air inlet 7, the high-power output of the mixing means 6 power the high-pressure pump 5 input terminal, the power of the high pressure pump 5 is connected to an external compressed air inlet 8 and a second hot water inlet 4, the high-pressure pump 5 is the power output terminal connected to the high pressure steam spray tube sizing apparatus 17.

[0024] 其中,所述高压动力混合装置6主要由高压泵、微化机、过滤器、高压流量计和压缩空气泵组成。 [0024] wherein the high voltage power mixing apparatus 6 mainly by the high pressure pump, micronized machines, filters, flow meters, and a high-pressure air pump.

[0025] 所述高压动力泵5主要由高压泵、空气压缩泵和热水清洗泵组成。 The [0025] power of the pump 5 is mainly composed of a high-pressure high-pressure pump, air compressor pump and hot water pump.

[0026] 所述高压蒸汽喷浆管施胶装置17主要由撞针高压喷嘴14、蒸汽喷嘴15、热水清洗进口4、施胶管9、第一压缩空气进口7、第二压缩空气进口8、热蒸汽进口、冷凝水装置13和干燥机12构成。 [0026] The high-pressure steam spray tube sizing apparatus 17 is mainly composed of high-pressure nozzles striker 14, the steam nozzle 15, hot water inlet 4, applied to the hose 9, the first air inlet 7, a second compressed air inlet 8, heat vapor inlet, condensate dryer means 13 and 12. 所述撞针高压喷嘴14与蒸汽喷嘴15之间设有喷胶管11。 The striker 14 and the high-pressure nozzles spray steam pipe 11 is provided between the nozzle 15.

[0027] 所述施胶管9上设有混合胶液进口10,所述混合胶液进口10与高压动力泵5输出端相连。 [0027] The mixing with the glue applied to the hose inlet 910, mixing the glue a high pressure inlet 10 is connected to an output terminal 5 of the pump power.

[0028] 使用时,通过高压动力混合装置中的微化机可以将尿素等大颗粒的杂质等打碎至微小颗粒,经过过滤器的过滤作用,喷射入喷嘴的胶液均为细腻的微小胶滴,从而避免了喷嘴的堵塞,提高了胶液的雾化程度,从而使胶液与纤维在喷浆管里面更加均匀的混合而节约施胶量。 [0028] In use, the power through the high pressure urea and other impurities may be broken into large particles, and the like minute particles of micro mixing device unit, filtration through a filter, injected into the glue nozzles are fine and delicate gum drops, thus avoiding clogging of the nozzles, to improve the degree of atomization of the glue, such that the glue is mixed with fibers more uniform in size spray pipes inside the savings amount. 通过设置压缩空气补偿系统,在此过程中压缩空气进入过滤器,更加高效的将胶液进行过滤分离。 By providing the compressed air compensating system, in this process the compressed air into the filter, the more efficient the glue separated by filtration. 通过高压动力系统将胶液直接提升至100-200巴的高压状态喷射入喷浆管,而取代了使用高压蒸汽的喷射,节约了蒸汽消耗量和未来干燥成本的增加。 Power system through the high pressure lift the glue directly to the high pressure of 100-200 bar is injected into the spray tube, in place of using ejection high-pressure steam, the steam consumption saving and future increase drying cost. 通过高压动力系统设置压缩空气对高压泵起到很好的控制和补偿作用,减少高压泵的负荷,延长高压泵的使用寿命,更加有利于压力范围的控制。 Power is provided by a high pressure compressed air to the high pressure pump system plays a very good control and compensation, to reduce the load of the high pressure pump, to extend the service life of the high pressure pump, more conducive to the control pressure range. 在高压撞针喷嘴的对口处设置蒸汽喷嘴,蒸汽的流量根据施胶管中纤维的流量进行喷施,实现纤维的气动雾化,纤维施胶更加均匀。 A steam nozzle disposed striker counterpart of the high pressure nozzle, steam flow according to the flow rate of the fiber applied in the hose spraying, atomizing air to achieve fibers, the fibers more uniform sizing.

[0029] 以上所述,仅为本发明的具体实施方式,但本发明的保护范围并不局限于此,任何不经过创造性劳动想到的变化或替换,都应涵盖在本发明的保护范围之内。 [0029] The above are only specific embodiments of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any modification or replacement without creative efforts occur, shall fall within the scope of protection of the present invention. . 因此,本发明的保护范围应该以权利要求书所限定的保护范围为准。 Accordingly, the scope of the present invention should be defined by the claims scope of protection as defined prevail.

Claims (5)

  1. 1.一种用于纤维板的喷浆管高压定量节胶工艺,其特征在于:由高压动力混合装置、高压动力泵、高压蒸汽喷浆管施胶装置组成,所述高压动力混合装置输入端设有胶液进口、进水口、预留剂进口和第一压缩空气进口,所述高压动力混合装置输出端与高压动力泵输入端相连,所述高压动力泵外部连接有第二压缩空气进口和热水清洗进口,所述高压动力泵输出端连接高压蒸汽喷浆管施胶装置。 A high pressure spray tube section quantitative dispensing process for fiberboard, wherein: means the high-pressure pump power, high-pressure steam pipe sizing apparatus by the high pressure spray force mixture composition, the high voltage power input terminal is provided mixing apparatus there glue inlet, water inlet, a first inlet and a compressed air reserve agent inlet, said mixing unit outputs high voltage power input terminal of high voltage power to the pump is connected to the high-pressure pump is connected to a second external power compressed air inlet and heat washing water inlet, the high pressure pump power output terminal connected to the high pressure steam spray tube sizing apparatus.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述一种用于纤维板的喷浆管高压定量节胶工艺,其特征在于:所述高压动力混合装置主要由高压泵、微化机、过滤器、高压流量计和压缩空气泵组成。 2. The spray tube 1 of the high-pressure process for the quantitative section fiberboard gum as claimed in claim wherein: said high power mixing device consists of a high-pressure pump, of a micro machine, a filter, a flow meter and a high pressure compressor air pump.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述一种用于纤维板的喷浆管高压定量节胶工艺,其特征在于:所述高压动力泵主要由高压泵、空气压缩泵和热水清洗泵组成。 3. The method of claim 1 Quantitative high-pressure spray tube section for a dispensing process fiberboard, wherein: said high-pressure pump powered by the high pressure pumps, air compressor pump and the hot water pump.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述一种用于纤维板的喷浆管高压定量节胶工艺,其特征在于:所述高压蒸汽喷浆管施胶装置主要由撞针高压喷嘴、蒸汽喷嘴、热水清洗进口、施胶管、第一压缩空气进口、第二压缩空气进口、热蒸汽进口、冷凝水装置和干燥机构成。 The spray tube 1 of the high-pressure process for the quantitative section fiberboard gum as claimed in claim wherein: said high-pressure steam spray pipes sizing device consists striker high pressure nozzle, the steam nozzle, hot water inlet , application hose, a first compressed air inlet, a second inlet air, hot steam inlet, drying means and means condensate into. 所述撞针高压喷嘴与蒸汽喷嘴之间设有喷胶管。 The striker is provided between the high pressure spray nozzle and the steam tube nozzle.
  5. 5.根据权利要求4所述一种用于纤维板的喷浆管高压定量节胶工艺,其特征在于:所述施胶管上设有混合胶液进口,所述混合胶液进口与高压动力泵输出端相连。 5. The spray tube 4 high pressure process for the quantitative section fiberboard gum as claimed in claim wherein: the mixing with the glue applied on the hose inlet, said inlet glue mixed with the high pressure pump output power terminal coupled.
CN 201310183311 2013-05-17 2013-05-17 High-pressure quantitative rubber saving process of paste spraying pipe for fiber plate CN104162921A (en)

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郭东升 吕爱东: "利用废单板制造刨花板的关键技术及设备", 《木材工业》, vol. 27, no. 1, 8 January 2013 (2013-01-08) *

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