CN104145888B - A kind of by measuring the method that haul distance characterizes Bombyx bombycis degree of roughness - Google Patents

A kind of by measuring the method that haul distance characterizes Bombyx bombycis degree of roughness Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104145888B
CN104145888B CN201410380343.5A CN201410380343A CN104145888B CN 104145888 B CN104145888 B CN 104145888B CN 201410380343 A CN201410380343 A CN 201410380343A CN 104145888 B CN104145888 B CN 104145888B
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bombyx bombycis
haul distance
roughness
bombycis
bombyx
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CN104145888A (en
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朱良均
唐科梦
杨明英
张海萍
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Zhejiang University ZJU
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Zhejiang University ZJU
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of by measuring the method that haul distance characterizes Bombyx bombycis degree of roughness.Bombyx bombycis fixture is clamped the both sides of Bombyx bombycis length direction, Bombyx bombycis horizontal positioned by the present invention;With roughmeter, Bombyx bombycis is expanded the profile measurement haul distance at position;Then around the Bombyx bombycis major axis anglec of rotation at equal intervals, Bombyx bombycis is repeated step to take multiple measurements;Calculated the meansigma methods of haul distance by measurement result, thus Bombyx bombycis roughness is characterized.The present invention efficient, implementation rate easy and simple to handle and automatization level are high;Basic research and production scene in cocoon quality detection can be applied to detect, provide new way for cocoon quality detection technique.

Description

A kind of by measuring the method that haul distance characterizes Bombyx bombycis degree of roughness
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of method measuring Bombyx bombycis, especially relate to a kind of by measuring haul distance sign The method of Bombyx bombycis degree of roughness.
Background technology
Bombyx bombycis is the topmost product of Sericultural production, and Bombyx bombycis is produced as silk textile industry by commodity market circulation Raw silk and the raw material of silk fabrics.The evaluation to its quality of the Bombyx bombycis sales process, is the foundation formulating cocoon valency, The cocoon purchasing policy carrying out high quality and favourable price is beneficial to encourage silkworm raiser to use new varieties, new technique, new equipment Improve Cocoon Quality.
The cocoon quality method of inspection and detection technique are the technical supports of high quality and favourable price cocoon purchasing policy execution. Current cocoon quality detection method, as dry shell amount comments cocoon etc., because of minute length, instrument cost height, reality Poor etc. by property, and do not obtain popularization and application well.
Contracting wrinkle is the wrinkle of Bombyx bombycis cocoon layer surface irregularity, is the appearance character of Bombyx bombycis, with cocoon quality phase Close;Silkworm cocoon corrugating can use roughness to characterize, and the assay method of roughness and the calculating of measured value, For utilizing silkworm cocoon corrugating numerical representation method and cocoon quality to have important practical to be worth.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to overcome deficiency of the prior art, propose a kind of by measuring haul distance table The method levying Bombyx bombycis degree of roughness, belongs to the measuring method of a kind of cocoon quality, surveys roughness with haul distance Value, is used for characterizing Bombyx bombycis presentation quality, simple and efficient.
The technical solution used in the present invention comprises the following steps:
1) Bombyx bombycis fixture is clamped the both sides of Bombyx bombycis long axis direction, Bombyx bombycis horizontal positioned;
2) with roughmeter, Bombyx bombycis is expanded profile measurement haul distance Rl at position0
3) then by Bombyx bombycis around the Bombyx bombycis major axis anglec of rotation at equal intervals, repeat step 2) take multiple measurements;
4) calculated the meansigma methods of haul distance by measurement result, thus Bombyx bombycis roughness is characterized.
The described evaluation length 0.8~7.5mm measured with roughmeter.
Described roughmeter is selected Gauss wave filter.
Described step 3) in the anglec of rotation be 45 °, 60 °, 90 ° or 120 °.
Compared with prior art, it provides the benefit that the present invention:
The present invention efficient, implementation rate easy and simple to handle and automatization level are high.The existing cocoon quality method of inspection Mostly being to damage detection, cause the waste of Bombyx bombycis resource, and method of inspection anthropic factor is many, error is big, speed Degree is slow, efficiency is low.The present invention can apply basic research and production scene in cocoon quality detection to detect, New way is provided for cocoon quality detection technique.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the haul distance scatter chart of the embodiment of the present invention 5 sample cocoon 9.
Fig. 2 is the haul distance scatter chart of the embodiment of the present invention 5 sample cocoon 10.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and the present invention is described in further detail by specific embodiment.
The present invention comprises the following steps:
1) Bombyx bombycis fixture is clamped the both sides of Bombyx bombycis length direction, Bombyx bombycis horizontal positioned.
2) with roughmeter, Bombyx bombycis is expanded profile measurement haul distance Rl at position0
Haul distance is the length after the profile generated straight line in evaluation length, is embodied as using roughmeter Probe in the evaluation length of Bombyx bombycis long axis direction, expand the profile at position along Bombyx bombycis measure, OK Cheng Changdu Rl0
3) then by Bombyx bombycis around the Bombyx bombycis major axis anglec of rotation at equal intervals, repeat step 2) take multiple measurements; The preferably anglec of rotation can be 45 °, 60 °, 90 ° or 120 °.
4) calculated the meansigma methods of haul distance by measurement result, thus Bombyx bombycis roughness is characterized.
Bombyx bombycis haul distance meansigma methods is big, illustrates that this Bombyx bombycis roughness value is big, and contracting wrinkle is thick;Bombyx bombycis haul distance Meansigma methods is little, illustrates that this Bombyx bombycis roughness value is little, and contracting wrinkle is thin.
The evaluation length 0.8~7.5mm measured with roughmeter.
Roughmeter is preferably selected Gauss wave filter.
The present invention can measure the haul distance value of Bombyx bombycis difference side profile, seeks the distribution curve of haul distance Analyze different cocoon quality behavior rules.The standard deviation of distribution curve and average represent cocoon quality character Difference.
Embodiments of the invention are as follows:
Embodiment 1:
Measuring condition: Gauss wave filter
The evaluation length measured: 0.8mm
1) sample cocoon 1 is clamped with fixture the both sides of Bombyx bombycis length direction, Bombyx bombycis horizontal positioned.
2) with roughmeter, Bombyx bombycis is expanded profile measurement haul distance Rl at position0
3) then Bombyx bombycis is repeated step 2 around the 90 ° of rotations at equal intervals of Bombyx bombycis major axis) take multiple measurements.
4) calculated the meansigma methods of haul distance by measurement result, thus Bombyx bombycis roughness is characterized.
5) sample cocoon 2 is repeated above step and measures haul distance to characterize Bombyx bombycis roughness.
Table 1 sample cocoon 1 and the haul distance value of sample cocoon 2
Comparing result and know, sample cocoon 1 haul distance is long, illustrates that roughness value is big, and contracting wrinkle is thicker;Sample Cocoon 2 haul distance is short, illustrates that roughness value is little, and contracting wrinkle is thinner.
Embodiment 2:
Measuring condition: Gauss wave filter
The evaluation length measured: 2.4mm
1) sample cocoon 3 is clamped with fixture the both sides of Bombyx bombycis length direction, Bombyx bombycis horizontal positioned.
2) with roughmeter, Bombyx bombycis is expanded profile measurement haul distance Rl at position0
3) then Bombyx bombycis is repeated step 2 around the 60 ° of rotations at equal intervals of Bombyx bombycis major axis) take multiple measurements.
4) calculated the meansigma methods of haul distance by measurement result, thus Bombyx bombycis roughness is characterized.
5) sample cocoon 4 is repeated above step and measures haul distance to characterize Bombyx bombycis roughness.
Table 2 sample cocoon 3 and the haul distance value of sample cocoon 4
Comparing result and know, sample cocoon 3 haul distance is long, illustrates that roughness value is big, and contracting wrinkle is thicker;Sample Cocoon 4 haul distance is short, illustrates that roughness value is little, and contracting wrinkle is thinner.
Embodiment 3:
Measuring condition: Gauss wave filter
The evaluation length measured: 2.4mm
1) sample cocoon 5 is clamped with fixture the both sides of Bombyx bombycis length direction, Bombyx bombycis horizontal positioned.
2) with roughmeter, Bombyx bombycis is expanded profile measurement haul distance Rl at position0
3) then Bombyx bombycis is repeated step 2 around the 45 ° of rotations at equal intervals of Bombyx bombycis major axis) take multiple measurements.
4) calculated the meansigma methods of haul distance by measurement result, thus Bombyx bombycis roughness is characterized.
5) sample cocoon 6 is repeated above step and measures haul distance to characterize Bombyx bombycis roughness.
Table 3 sample cocoon 5 and the haul distance value of sample cocoon 6
Comparing result and know, sample cocoon 5 haul distance is long, illustrates that roughness value is big, and contracting wrinkle is thicker;Sample Cocoon 6 haul distance is short, illustrates that roughness value is little, and contracting wrinkle is thinner.
Embodiment 4:
Measuring condition: Gauss wave filter
The evaluation length measured: 7.5mm
1) sample cocoon 5 is clamped with fixture the both sides of Bombyx bombycis length direction, Bombyx bombycis horizontal positioned.
2) with roughmeter, Bombyx bombycis is expanded profile measurement haul distance Rl at position0
3) then Bombyx bombycis is repeated step 2 around the 120 ° of rotations at equal intervals of Bombyx bombycis major axis) take multiple measurements.
4) calculated the meansigma methods of haul distance by measurement result, thus Bombyx bombycis roughness is characterized.
5) sample cocoon 6 is repeated above step and measures haul distance to characterize Bombyx bombycis roughness.
Table 4 sample cocoon 7 and the haul distance value of sample cocoon 8
Comparing result and know, sample cocoon 7 haul distance is long, illustrates that roughness value is big, and contracting wrinkle is thicker;Sample Cocoon 8 haul distance is short, illustrates that roughness value is little, and contracting wrinkle is thinner.
During measurement: by Bombyx bombycis through 120 ° of rotations, to measure the haul distance value of Bombyx bombycis different parts, ask Point meansigma methods of haul distance characterizes Bombyx bombycis degree of roughness.
Embodiment 5:
Measuring condition: Gauss wave filter
The evaluation length measured: 2.4mm
1) sample cocoon 9 is clamped with fixture the both sides of Bombyx bombycis length direction, Bombyx bombycis horizontal positioned.
2) with roughmeter, Bombyx bombycis is expanded profile measurement haul distance Rl at position0
3) then Bombyx bombycis is repeated step 2 around the 45 ° of rotations at equal intervals of Bombyx bombycis major axis) take multiple measurements.
4) calculated the meansigma methods of haul distance by measurement result, thus Bombyx bombycis roughness is characterized.
5) sampling cocoon 9 repeats above step, altogether measurement 108 with batch Bombyx bombycis totally 12, every Bombyx bombycis Secondary.
6) sample cocoon 10 is repeated above step and measures haul distance to characterize Bombyx bombycis roughness.
7) sampling cocoon 10 repeats above step, altogether measurement 108 with batch Bombyx bombycis totally 12, every Bombyx bombycis Secondary.
The haul distance value of two groups of Bombyx bombycis difference side profiles is sought distribution curve, Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 analyzes Different cocoon quality behavior rules.The haul distance scatter chart of sample cocoon 9 batch and the stroke of sample cocoon 10 are long Degree scatter chart all meets normal distribution, and both standard deviation are close, as it is shown in figure 1, sample cocoon 9 Haul distance value little, illustrate that the roughness of sample cocoon 9 is little, accordingly deduction reelability percentage good;As in figure 2 it is shown, The haul distance value of sample cocoon 10 is big, illustrates that the roughness of sample cocoon 10 is little, infers unwinding rate variance accordingly.
Although the present invention is open as above with embodiment, but it is not limited to protection scope of the present invention, Any technical staff being familiar with this technology, the change made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention with Retouching, all should belong to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. the method characterizing Bombyx bombycis degree of roughness by measurement haul distance, it is characterised in that including:
1) Bombyx bombycis fixture is clamped the both sides of Bombyx bombycis long axis direction, Bombyx bombycis horizontal positioned;
2) with roughmeter, Bombyx bombycis is expanded profile measurement haul distance Rl at position0;Haul distance is the evaluation length of Bombyx bombycis long axis direction;
3) then by Bombyx bombycis around the Bombyx bombycis major axis anglec of rotation at equal intervals, repeat step 2) take multiple measurements;
4) calculated the meansigma methods of haul distance by measurement result, thus Bombyx bombycis roughness is characterized.
It is the most according to claim 1 a kind of by measuring the method that haul distance characterizes Bombyx bombycis degree of roughness, it is characterised in that: the described evaluation length 0.8 ~ 7.5mm measured with roughmeter.
It is the most according to claim 1 a kind of by measuring the method that haul distance characterizes Bombyx bombycis degree of roughness, it is characterised in that: described roughmeter is selected Gauss wave filter.
It is the most according to claim 1 a kind of by measuring the method that haul distance characterizes Bombyx bombycis degree of roughness, it is characterised in that: the described anglec of rotation in step 3) is 45 °, 60 °, 90 ° or 120 °.
CN201410380343.5A 2014-08-04 A kind of by measuring the method that haul distance characterizes Bombyx bombycis degree of roughness Active CN104145888B (en)

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CN104145888B true CN104145888B (en) 2016-11-30

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Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101776448A (en) * 2009-01-09 2010-07-14 北京大学 Needle type roughmeter
CN103033162A (en) * 2012-12-25 2013-04-10 浙江大学 Detection method for silkworm cocoon corrugating
CN103033163A (en) * 2012-12-25 2013-04-10 浙江大学 Detection method for silkworm cocoon reelability

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101776448A (en) * 2009-01-09 2010-07-14 北京大学 Needle type roughmeter
CN103033162A (en) * 2012-12-25 2013-04-10 浙江大学 Detection method for silkworm cocoon corrugating
CN103033163A (en) * 2012-12-25 2013-04-10 浙江大学 Detection method for silkworm cocoon reelability

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
上蔟环境对茧质形成的影响研究;朱良均 等;《蚕桑通报》;19981231(第4期);第9-11页 *
缩皱与蚕茧解舒的关系;杨明英 等;《蚕桑通报》;19991231(第4期);第27-29页 *

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