CN104074487B - Drawing type packer - Google Patents

Drawing type packer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104074487B
CN104074487B CN201410331318.8A CN201410331318A CN104074487B CN 104074487 B CN104074487 B CN 104074487B CN 201410331318 A CN201410331318 A CN 201410331318A CN 104074487 B CN104074487 B CN 104074487B
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China
Prior art keywords
packing element
spring
slips
cone
drawing type
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Application number
CN201410331318.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104074487A (en
Inventor
顾岱鸿
刘广峰
柴崇军
刘金超
王在强
任国富
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
BEIJING FURUIKE PETROLEUM SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
BEIJING POLY-DOCTOR PETROLEUM TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
OIL GAS TECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE OF CHANGQING OIL FIELD BRANCH PETROCHINA Co Ltd
China University of Petroleum Beijing
Original Assignee
BEIJING FURUIKE PETROLEUM SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
BEIJING POLY-DOCTOR PETROLEUM TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
OIL GAS TECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE OF CHANGQING OIL FIELD BRANCH PETROCHINA Co Ltd
China University of Petroleum Beijing
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Application filed by BEIJING FURUIKE PETROLEUM SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd, BEIJING POLY-DOCTOR PETROLEUM TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd, OIL GAS TECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE OF CHANGQING OIL FIELD BRANCH PETROCHINA Co Ltd, China University of Petroleum Beijing filed Critical BEIJING FURUIKE PETROLEUM SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410331318.8A priority Critical patent/CN104074487B/en
Publication of CN104074487A publication Critical patent/CN104074487A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of drawing type packer, belong to densification oil-gas reservoir production technique field, oil field, cause sand card for solving existing packer, set unreliable and difficulty and realize one-trip string and complete the problems such as multistage pressure break and design.It includes joint, changement and the sealing mechanism being sequentially connected with from top to bottom;Changement includes guide head, wiper block, wiper block spring, slips and slips spring, guide head is threaded on guiding headstock, wiper block and wiper block spring are arranged on righting block, guide headstock and righting block is threaded, slips and slips spring are arranged on slip spider, and slip spider and righting block are threaded;Sealing mechanism includes packing element, cone and central canal, and packing element is set on central canal, and central canal is threadeded with cone, and cone is connected with changement.The present invention is put tubing string switching track realize setting and unsealing of packer by above being put, simple to operate, sets reliable, it is achieved that one-trip string completes multistage pressure break.

Description

Drawing type packer
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of oil and gas wells in oil fields pressure break specific purpose tool, particularly relate to a kind of drawing type packer.
Background technology
Along with oil field all kinds of complicated track well, ultra-long horizontal well, the continually developing, to wellfracturing of sidetracked hole Technology proposes new problem.Existing packer, during oil field compression fracture, is primarily present following lacking Point: one is owing to easily forming sand bridge after pressure break, causing sand card;Two is the seat caused by tubing pressure fluctuation It is unreliable to seal;Three is that the tear resistance of packing element is poor, is difficulty with one-trip string and completes multistage (such as 10 sections Pressure break above).
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to propose a kind of simple to operate, set reliable, it is achieved one-trip string completes many The drawing type packer of section pressure break.
Another object of the present invention is that proposition is a kind of solves the packer drawing type packer by sand card problem.
For reaching this purpose, the present invention by the following technical solutions:
The invention provides a kind of drawing type packer, including the joint being sequentially connected with from top to bottom, reversing machine Structure and sealing mechanism;
Described changement includes guide head, wiper block, wiper block spring, slips and slips spring, described Guide head is threaded on guiding headstock, and described wiper block and described wiper block spring are arranged on righting block On, described guiding headstock and described righting block are threaded, and described slips and described slips spring are arranged on On slip spider, described slip spider and described righting block are threaded;
Described sealing mechanism includes that packing element, cone and central canal, described packing element are set on described central canal, Threadeding with described cone in the lower end of described central canal, described cone is connected with described changement.
Preferably, described central canal includes that exterior central tube and inner central tube, described packing element include outer packing element and interior Packing element, described outer packing element is set on described exterior central tube, and arranges against the top of described cone, described Hose lining jacket casing is located on described inner central tube, and is connected with described exterior central tube.
Preferably, the upper end of described joint is connected with described guiding headstock by described central canal, described slips Arrange against the bottom of described cone.
Preferably, described drawing type packer also include anti-flushing well mechanism, described anti-flushing well mechanism include valve gap, Spring and ball valve, described valve gap is connected with described ball valve by described spring, and described valve gap, described spring It is arranged in described inner central tube with described ball valve.
Preferably, described outer packing element has sealing and a supporting part, described sealing and described exterior central tube it Between outer packing element internal ring is set.
The invention have the benefit that
(1) the invention provides a kind of drawing type packer, in oilfield process, by by this dragging Formula packer is connected to sanding machine and tubing string, and when drawing type packer is put to down-hole, guide head is positioned at circulation leads At the short track of rail, when drawing type packer is down at desired depth, and upper lifting pipe post, drawing type packer is accurate For setting, transferring tubing string afterwards and apply thrust, guide head is positioned at the long track of circulation guide rail, slips quilt Strutting and sting tight casing wall, continue lower ejector sleeve post, packing element is compressed so that packing element diameter becomes big, packing oil Collar-shaped space completes to set, after operation completes, upper lifting pipe post, the central canal of drawing type packer with on OK, packing element thrust cancels recovery, and slips has reclaimed deblocking.The present invention by put put tubing string conversion rail Road, to realize setting and unsealing of drawing type packer, the most simple to operate, set reliable, and realize One-trip string completes multistage pressure break.
(2) drawing type packer is additionally provided with anti-flushing well mechanism, after operation completes, by anti-flushing well mechanism Oil jacket can be made to set up half-duplex channel, it is achieved anti-flushing well function, solve existing packer in fracturing process Formed sand bridge and by the problem of sand card.
(3) outer packing element has sealing and supporting part, arranges outer packing element internal ring between sealing and exterior central tube, This structure both can guarantee that the sealing property of packing element, can guarantee that again the anti-high-voltage performance of packing element.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the profile of the drawing type packer that the embodiment of the present invention one provides;
Fig. 2 is the profile of the drawing type packer top half structure that the embodiment of the present invention one provides;
Fig. 3 is the profile of the drawing type packer the latter half structure that the embodiment of the present invention one provides.
In figure, 1, joint;2, changement;21, guide head;22, wiper block;23, wiper block bullet Spring;24, slips;25, slips spring;26, headstock is guided;27, righting block;28, slip spider;3、 Sealing mechanism;31, cone;32, exterior central tube;33, inner central tube;34, outer packing element;341, seal Portion;342, supporting part;35, interior packing element;4, anti-flushing well mechanism;41, valve gap;42, spring;43、 Ball valve.
Detailed description of the invention
Further illustrate technical scheme below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and by detailed description of the invention.
Embodiment one:
Present embodiments providing a kind of drawing type packer, upper-lower position specifically described herein is for drawing type For packer use state after entering oil well, exactly, the joint position of described drawing type packer It is set to down.
As shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, it includes the joint being sequentially connected with from top to bottom to the structure of this drawing type packer 1, changement 2 and sealing mechanism 3.
As it is shown on figure 3, changement 2 includes guide head 21, wiper block 22, wiper block spring 23, slips 24 and slips spring 25, guide head 21 is threaded on guiding headstock 26, wiper block 22 and wiper block Spring 23 is arranged on righting block 27, guides headstock 26 and righting block 27 is threaded, slips 24 Being arranged on slip spider 28 with slips spring 25, slip spider 28 and righting block 27 are threaded, above-mentioned Structure achieves and sets commutation function.
As in figure 2 it is shown, sealing mechanism 3 includes packing element, cone 31 and central canal, packing element is set in central canal On, threadeding with cone 31 in the lower end of central canal, cone 31 is connected with changement 2.
Central canal includes exterior central tube 32 and inner central tube 33, and packing element includes outer packing element 34 and interior packing element 35, Outer packing element 34 is set on exterior central tube 32, and arranges against the top of cone 31, and interior packing element 35 is sheathed On inner central tube 33, and it is connected with exterior central tube 32.
The upper end of joint 1 is connected with guiding headstock 26 by central canal, and slips 24 is against the bottom of cone 31 Arrange.
In oilfield process, by this drawing type packer is connected to sanding machine and tubing string, drawing type When packer is put to down-hole, guide head 21 be positioned at circulation guide rail short track at, when drawing type packer down to At desired depth, upper lifting pipe post 0.5m (does not include the stroke of tubing string), and drawing type packer prepares to set, Transferring tubing string afterwards and apply the thrust of 10kN, guide head 21 is positioned at the long track of circulation guide rail, slips 24 is softened and sting tight casing wall, continues lower ejector sleeve post, and outer packing element 34 and interior packing element 35 are all compressed, and make Obtaining outer packing element 34 and interior packing element 35 diameter becomes big, packing oil sets annular space completes to set, after operation completes, Upper lifting pipe post, exterior central tube 32 and the inner central tube 33 of drawing type packer are the most up, outer packing element 34 Cancelling recovery with the thrust of interior packing element 35, slips 24 has reclaimed deblocking.The present invention by put and put pipe Post switching track, to realize setting and unsealing of drawing type packer, simple to operate, set reliable, it is achieved One-trip string completes multistage pressure break.
Preferably, the drawing type packer in the present embodiment also includes anti-flushing well mechanism 4, and anti-flushing well mechanism 4 wraps Including valve gap 41, spring 42 and ball valve 43, valve gap 41 is connected with ball valve 43 by spring 42, and valve gap 41, Spring 42 and ball valve 43 are arranged in inner central tube 33, make to be formed between oil jacket a half-duplex channel.When After operation completes, oil jacket can be made to set up half-duplex channel by anti-flushing well mechanism, it is achieved anti-flushing well function, solve Existing packer of having determined forms sand bridge and by the problem of sand card in fracturing process.
Outer packing element 34 has sealing 341 and supporting part 342 two parts, sealing 341 and exterior central tube 32 Between outer packing element internal ring 36 is set, this structure both can guarantee that the sealing property of packing element, can guarantee that again the anti-of packing element High-voltage performance.
The know-why of the present invention is described above in association with specific embodiment.These describe and are intended merely to explain this The principle of invention, and limiting the scope of the invention can not be construed to by any way.Based on herein Explaining, those skilled in the art need not to pay creative work, and can to associate other of the present invention specifically real Execute mode, within these modes fall within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. a drawing type packer, it is characterised in that: the joint (1) that includes being sequentially connected with from top to bottom, Changement (2) and sealing mechanism (3);
Described changement (2) include guide head (21), wiper block (22), wiper block spring (23), Slips (24) and slips spring (25), described guide head (21) is threaded in guiding headstock (26), Described wiper block (22) and described wiper block spring (23) are arranged on righting block (27), described in lead Threaded to headstock (26) and described righting block (27), described slips (24) and described slips bullet Spring (25) is arranged on slip spider (28), described slip spider (28) and described righting block (27) spiral shell Stricture of vagina connects;
Described sealing mechanism (3) includes packing element, cone (31) and central canal, and described packing element is set in described On central canal, threaded with described cone (31) in the lower end of described central canal, described cone (31) with Described changement (2) connects;
Described central canal includes exterior central tube (32) and inner central tube (33), and described packing element includes outer packing element (34) With interior packing element (35), described outer packing element (34) is set on described exterior central tube (32), and against described The top of cone (31) is arranged, and described interior packing element (35) is set on described inner central tube (33), and It is connected with described exterior central tube (32).
Drawing type packer the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described joint (1) Upper end is connected with described guiding headstock (26) by described central canal, and described slips (24) is against described cone The bottom of body (31) is arranged.
Drawing type packer the most according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that: described drawing type seals Also include that anti-flushing well mechanism (4), described anti-flushing well mechanism (4) include valve gap (41), spring (42) every device With ball valve (43), described valve gap (41) is connected with described ball valve (43) by described spring (42), and Described valve gap (41), described spring (42) and described ball valve (43) are arranged at described inner central tube (33) In.
Drawing type packer the most according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: described outer packing element (34) There is sealing (341) and supporting part (342), described sealing (341) and described exterior central tube (32) Between outer packing element internal ring (36) is set.
CN201410331318.8A 2014-07-11 2014-07-11 Drawing type packer Active CN104074487B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410331318.8A CN104074487B (en) 2014-07-11 2014-07-11 Drawing type packer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410331318.8A CN104074487B (en) 2014-07-11 2014-07-11 Drawing type packer

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CN104074487B true CN104074487B (en) 2017-01-04

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104314511B (en) * 2014-11-12 2016-08-24 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 A kind of compression underseal packer
JP2019178569A (en) * 2018-03-30 2019-10-17 株式会社クレハ Downhole plug with protective member
CN108716378B (en) * 2018-08-21 2023-08-22 长江大学 Mechanical switch type sleeve blocking tool

Family Cites Families (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2651434Y (en) * 2003-08-23 2004-10-27 辽河石油勘探局工程技术研究院 Small-well cracking packer
CN201129161Y (en) * 2007-12-28 2008-10-08 濮阳市东昊机械电子有限公司 Small diameter compressing packer
CN201396103Y (en) * 2009-02-24 2010-02-03 阜宁县宏达石化机械有限公司 Packer
RU2453679C1 (en) * 2011-01-12 2012-06-20 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью Производственно-торговая фирма "НиГМаш" Mechanical packer
CN203626705U (en) * 2013-10-31 2014-06-04 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Side-tracking slim hole fracturing packer
CN204024578U (en) * 2014-07-11 2014-12-17 中国石油大学(北京) A kind of packer

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SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
CB03 Change of inventor or designer information

Inventor after: Gu Daihong

Inventor after: Liu Guangfeng

Inventor after: Chai Chongjun

Inventor after: Liu Jinchao

Inventor after: Wang Zaiqiang

Inventor after: Ren Guofu

Inventor before: Gu Daihong

Inventor before: Liu Guangfeng

Inventor before: Chai Chongjun

Inventor before: Liu Jinchao

COR Change of bibliographic data
TA01 Transfer of patent application right

Effective date of registration: 20161019

Address after: 102249 Beijing city Changping District Road No. 18

Applicant after: China University of Petroleum (Beijing)

Applicant after: BEIJING FURUIKE PETROLEUM SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

Applicant after: Beijing Poly-Doctor Petroleum Technology Co., Ltd.

Applicant after: Oil Gas Technology Institute of Changqing Oil Field Branch, PetroChina Company Limited

Address before: 102249 Beijing city Changping District Road No. 18

Applicant before: China University of Petroleum (Beijing)

Applicant before: BEIJING FURUIKE PETROLEUM SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant