CN104067727A - Automatic-rolling germination device and control method - Google Patents

Automatic-rolling germination device and control method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104067727A
CN104067727A CN201410184073.0A CN201410184073A CN104067727A CN 104067727 A CN104067727 A CN 104067727A CN 201410184073 A CN201410184073 A CN 201410184073A CN 104067727 A CN104067727 A CN 104067727A
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germination
rolling
control system
frame
spindle
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CN201410184073.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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高省元
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高省元
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Priority to CN201410184073.0A priority Critical patent/CN104067727A/en
Publication of CN104067727A publication Critical patent/CN104067727A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic-rolling germination device which comprises a bracket and is characterized by comprising a rotating mechanism, a germination frame, a water spraying pipe and a control system, wherein the rotating mechanism comprises a main shaft and auxiliary shafts, the auxiliary shafts are uniformly fixed on the main shaft through a rotating frame, the germination frame is arranged on the auxiliary shafts, the control system controls the main shaft to drive the auxiliary shafts to rotate, and the germination frame rotates along with the auxiliary shafts. The control system of the automatic-rolling germination device is a PLC (Programmable Logic Controller) automatic control system, which comprises a measurement module and a control module, wherein the measurement module is used for measuring the temperature and the humidity in the germination frame, and the control module is used for controlling the rotation of the main shaft and the water spraying of the water spraying pipe. The automatic-rolling germination device is simple in structure, space-saving, high in yield, and suitable for accelerating germination of various grains and seeds without being limited by the variety of raw materials. The germination frame is erected in a suspending manner so as to be capable of automatically rolling along with the shafts, so that germination raw materials are heated and uniformly permeable, a net structure of the outer wall of the germination frame is good in ventilation, thus the soaking can be automatically completed; compared with a conventional device requiring manual rolling and water adding, the automatic-rolling germination device has the advantages of saving 40 percent of manpower and greatly increasing the work efficiency.

Description

一种自翻滚发芽装置及控制方法 A self-rolling apparatus and a control method of sprouting

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及原料发芽技术,具体涉及一种自翻滚发芽装置及控制方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to the germination art material, particularly relates to a self-rolling apparatus and a control method of sprouting.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 现有的发芽装置多为固定的箱罐式设备,待发芽的在发芽时需要浸泡和翻动。 [0002] The conventional apparatus germination boxes mostly stationary tank device to be germinated in germination need to soak and flip. 传统设备在原料浸泡时需要人工操作才能进行翻动、加水等程序,但由于设备的限制,原料翻动困难,很容易造成温湿度控制不均匀的问题,很大程度上影响了发芽的效率。 Traditional equipment requires manual operations to be flip, add water immersion program in the raw materials, but because of equipment limitations, difficulties in turning raw materials, is likely to cause non-uniform temperature and humidity control, largely affected the germination efficiency.

[0003] 如何减少人工并且保证温湿度均匀控制,成为发芽装置研究的方向。 [0003] How to reduce labor and ensuring a uniform temperature and humidity control, direction of the apparatus becomes Germination studies.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 发明目的:为了克服现有技术的不足,本发明提供一种自翻滚发芽装置及控制方法,通过控制系统的控制,发芽框实现了自动翻滚,保证了浸泡的均匀,同时通过自动喷水控制了发芽时的温湿度,保证了发芽率,解决了现有技术的问题。 [0004] OBJECT OF THE INVENTION: To overcome the deficiencies of the prior art, the present invention provides an apparatus and method for controlling sprout from rolling, controlled by the control system, to achieve the automatic roll germinating box, to ensure uniform soaking, through automatic spray water control temperature and humidity at the time of germination, germination rate guarantees, to solve problems of the prior art.

[0005] 技术方案:一种自翻滚发芽装置,包括支架,其特征在于,包括转动机构、发芽框、喷水管和控制系统; [0005] The technical solutions: A self-rolling germinating means comprises a bracket, wherein the rotating mechanism comprises a germination box, spray pipe and control system;

[0006] 转动机构包括一个主轴和附轴;主轴通过旋转框架均匀固定附轴,发芽框固定在附轴上;控制系统控制主轴带动附轴转动,发芽框跟随附轴转动; [0006] The rotating mechanism includes a spindle shaft and the attachment; spindle shaft fixedly attached by uniformly rotating frame, the attachment frame fixing shaft germination; control system controls the spindle drive shaft is attached, following the germination box attachment shaft;

[0007] 发芽框外壁为网状结构。 [0007] Germination block outer wall mesh structure.

[0008] 附轴为偶数个,根据主轴对称。 [0008] The attachment shaft is an even number, the spindle symmetry. 选用对称结构的副轴,保证了运转过程的受力平衡。 Symmetry countershaft structure, the balance of forces to ensure the operation of the process.

[0009] 副轴安装的旋转框架为四至六边形。 Rotating frame [0009] counter shaft mounted for four hexagonal.

[0010] 发芽框上有可闭合的进料口。 With a closable feed opening on the [0010] Germination box. 进料口可方便的将代发芽原料放入发芽框,之后关闭进料口,在翻转过程中原料也不会掉落。 Inlet can easily be placed in the germination box-generation germinated material, after closing the feed inlet, the tumbling process material does not fall.

[0011] 发芽框为圆筒形。 [0011] Germination box cylindrical. 圆筒形的发芽框内壁没有棱角,保证了原料在翻转过程中能够均匀翻滚并且不会在翻滚过程中磕碰,降低了原料的折损率。 Germination cylindrical wall frame without edges, to ensure that the material can be uniformly tumbling during the tumbling and rolling process in the bump does not reduce the rate of breakage of material.

[0012] 喷水管位于支架顶部。 [0012] The spray pipe at the top bracket. 顶部的喷水管保证了所有发芽框都能够均匀吸收水分。 Top spray pipe ensures that all the germination boxes are uniformly absorb water.

[0013] 一种自翻滚发芽装置的控制方法,其特征在于,控制系统为PLC自动控制系统,该控制系统控制包括测量模块和控制模块; [0013] A self-rolling control method for germination, characterized in that the control system for the automatic control system PLC, the control system includes a measurement module and a control module;

[0014] 测量模块用于测量发芽框内的温度和湿度,控制模块用于控制主轴转动和喷水管喷水; [0014] measuring means for measuring the temperature and humidity germination box, control means for controlling rotation of the spindle and the spray pipe water;

[0015] 发芽框内环境控制在温度20_36°C,湿度65-100% ; [0015] Germination box controlled at ambient temperature 20_36 ° C, humidity of 65-100%;

[0016] 当测量模块检测到温度或湿度低于上述控制范围时,控制系统向喷水管和主轴电机发出指令,喷水管喷出30°C的水,同时主轴由电机和减速机驱动,运转,主轴电机带动附轴转动,发芽框随之转动使原料在发芽矿内翻滚。 [0016] When the measurement module detects temperature or humidity is lower than the control range, the control system issues a command to the spray pipe and the spindle motor, the water spray pipe discharge 30 ° C, while the spindle drive motor and a speed reducer, operation, the spindle motor drive shaft is attached, the frame will rotate germinated in germination tumbling the raw material ore. 转速为2-20转/分钟。 Speed ​​of 2-20 revolutions / min. .

[0017] 有益效果: [0017] beneficial effects:

[0018] 1、结构简单,节约空间,产量高,适用于各种谷物、种子的催芽,不受原料种类的限制。 [0018] 1, the structure is simple, space-saving, high-yield, for a variety of cereals, seed germination, without limiting the kind of the starting material.

[0019] 2、附轴对称分布于主轴两测,转动中能够减少扭力,从而节约动力,节省电费30%。 [0019] 2, is attached to the spindle axis symmetrically two measurements, the rotational torque can be reduced, thus saving power, save electricity 30%.

[0020] 3、发芽框悬空架设能够跟随轴自动翻滚,使得发芽原料受热、透水均匀,外壁的网状结构透气好,发出的芽芽长均等,原料不爆腰。 [0020] 3, block floating germination automatically set up to follow the roll axis, such that the germination heated material, uniformly permeable, breathable net-like outer wall structure, shoot buds uniformly emitted material is not fissuring.

[0021] 4、原料在圆通形发芽框内实现自动翻动,受力均匀且不伤芽。 [0021] 4, implemented in tact feed germination box-shaped automatic turning, even by force does not hurt the bud.

[0022] 5、该发芽装置在控制系统控制下能够自动完成浸泡,比传统需要人工翻动、加水的装置节省了40%的人工,大幅提高了工作效率。 [0022] 5, the apparatus can automatically germination soaked in the control system, the need to manually flip than traditional, water was added to 40% saving means artificial, greatly improving work efficiency.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0023] 图1为本发明的结构示意图 [0023] FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention,

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0024] 下面结合附图对本发明作更进一步的说明。 [0024] DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS The invention further.

[0025] 如图1所示, [0025] 1,

[0026] 一种自翻滚发芽装置,包括支架,其特征在于,包括转动机构、发芽框2、喷水管3和控制系统; [0026] A self-rolling germinating means comprises a bracket, wherein the rotating mechanism comprises, germination frame 2, 3 and a control system of the spray pipe;

[0027] 转动机构包括一个主轴1-1和附轴1-2 ;主轴通过旋转框架均匀固定附轴,发芽框2固定在附轴1-2上;控制系统控制主轴1-1带动附轴1-2转动,发芽框2跟随附轴1-2转动,发芽框本身不自传,只跟随副轴1-2转动。 [0027] The rotating mechanism includes a spindle attached to the shaft 1-2 and 1-1; spindle shaft fixedly attached by uniformly rotating frame 2 is fixed in the germinating box attachment shaft 1-2; 1-1 control system controls the spindle drive shaft 1 is attached -2 rotates, germinate frame 2 is attached to follow the rotation axis 1-2, Biography germination box itself does not only follow the rotation of the countershaft 1-2. 支架顶部设置有一组喷水管3,喷水管3连接热水器的出水口。 The top bracket provided with a set water tube 3, water outlet pipe 3 connected to the water heater.

[0028] 发芽框2为圆筒形,外壁为网状结构,悬空架的发芽框2设能够跟随轴自动翻滚,使得发芽原料受热、透水均匀,外壁的网状结构透气好,发出的芽芽长均等,原料不爆腰。 [0028] Germination cylindrical housing 2, the outer wall of the mesh structure, germinating box floating frame 2 can be provided to automatically follow the roll axis, such that the germination of the raw material is heated uniformly permeable, breathable net-like outer wall structure, issued Buds are equal in length, the raw material is not explosive waist. 发芽框2上设置有一个可以闭合的进料口,人工添加原料后将进料口关闭锁住,保证了翻滚过程中物料不会掉落。 Germination frame 2 is provided on a feed port can be closed, after addition of artificial material-feeding port close lock, to ensure that the material does not fall off during rolling.

[0029] 旋转框架为两个皮带连接的转动轮,分别连接主轴1-1和附轴1-2。 [0029] The rotary frame is rotatable round two belt connections, are connected to the main shaft 11 and attachment shaft 1-2. 支架的两侧各有一个旋转框架。 Mounting brackets each have a rotating frame. 与主轴1-1连接的转动轮跟随主轴1-1转动,该转动轮带动皮带转动,使得与附轴1-2连接的转动轮随之转动,从而带动附轴1-2运转。 Wheel rotatably connected to the spindle 1-1 1-1 following spindle is rotated, the rotating belt driven wheel is rotated, so that the rotary wheel is connected to the attachment shaft rotates with 1-2, 1-2 so as to drive the shaft attachment operation. 附轴1-2为偶数个,根据主轴1-1对称。 An even attachment shaft 1-2, 1-1 symmetrically spindle. 副轴安装的旋转框架为四至六边形。 The rotation shaft is mounted to the sub frame four hexagonal. 附轴对称分布于主轴两测,转动中能够减少扭力,从而节约动力,节省电费30 %。 Is attached to the spindle axis two symmetrical measurement, the rotational torque can be reduced, thus saving power, save electricity 30%. 本实例选用6个副轴1-2,对称安装了四个发芽框2,也可以根据需要增加或减少发芽框2的个数,例如安装两个、六个或增加更多。 Example 6 This selection countershaft 1-2, four symmetrically germination frame 2, may be increased or decreased according to the number of germinated frame 2, two mounting e.g., six or more increase.

[0030] 控制系统为PLC自动控制系统,该控制系统控制包括测量模块和控制模块; [0030] automatic control system PLC control system, the control system includes a measurement module and a control module;

[0031] 测量模块用于测量发芽框2内的温度和湿度,控制模块用于控制主轴1-1转动和喷水管3喷水; [0031] measuring means for measuring the temperature and humidity germination frame 2, a control module for controlling the rotation of the spindle 1-1, and water spray pipe 3;

[0032] 发芽框2内环境控制在温度20_36°C,湿度65-100这个范围内的温湿度能保证最大发芽率。 [0032] Germination control block 2 at ambient temperature 20_36 ° C, the temperature and humidity within the humidity range of 65-100 to ensure the maximum germination rate.

[0033] 当测量模块检测到温度或湿度低于上述控制范围时,控制系统向喷水管3和主轴1-1电机发出指令,喷水管3喷出30°C的水,同时主轴1-1由电机和减速机驱动,运转,主轴1-1电机带动附轴1-2转动,发芽框2随之转动使原料在发芽矿2内翻滚。 [0033] When the measurement module is detected or when the humidity is lower than the control temperature range, the control system issues a command to the spray pipe 1-1 and the spindle motor 3, the discharge tube 3 spray water 30 ° C, while the spindle 1- 1 driven by a motor and reducer, operated, motor driven spindle 1-1 1-2 attachment shaft rotates, germinate frame 2 will rotate inside the raw material roll 2 ore during germination. 转速为2-20转/分钟。 Speed ​​of 2-20 revolutions / min.

[0034] 该发芽装置在控制系统控制下能够自动完成浸泡,比传统需要人工翻动、加水的装置节省了40%的人工,大幅提高了工作效率。 [0034] The germination can be done automatically under the apparatus control system soaking, than the traditional need to manually flip, water was added to 40% saving means artificial, greatly improving work efficiency.

[0035] 以上所述仅是本发明的优选实施方式,应当指出:对于本技术领域的普通技术人员来说,在不脱离本发明原理的前提下,还可以做出若干改进和润饰,这些改进和润饰也应视为本发明的保护范围。 [0035] The above are only preferred embodiments of the present invention, it should be noted: to those of ordinary skill in the art, in the present invention without departing from the principles of the premise, can make various improvements and modifications, such modifications and modifications should also be regarded as the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1.一种自翻滚发芽装置,包括支架,其特征在于,包括转动机构、发芽框(2)、喷水管(3)和控制系统; 所述转动机构包括一个主轴(1-1)和附轴(1-2);主轴通过旋转框架均匀固定附轴,发芽框(2)固定在附轴(1-2)上;控制系统控制主轴(1-1)带动附轴(1-2)转动,发芽框(2)跟随附轴(1-2)转动; 所述发芽框(2)外壁为网状结构。 A self-rolling germinating means comprises a bracket, wherein the rotating mechanism comprises a germination box (2), spray pipe (3) and a control system; said rotating means includes a spindle (1-1) and attached axis (1-2); by rotating the spindle shaft attached to a frame fixed uniform germination frame (2) fixed to the shaft attachment (1-2); spindle control system (1-1) is attached to drive shaft (1-2) is rotated germination block (2) is attached to follow the axis (1-2) is rotated; the germinating box (2) is a net-like outer wall structure.
2.如权利要求1所述一种自翻滚发芽装置,其特征在于,附轴(1-2)为偶数个,根据主轴(1-1)对称。 Claim 2. A self-rolling germination apparatus 1, characterized in that the shaft attachment (1-2) is an even number, (1-1) the spindle symmetrical.
3.如权利要求2所述的一种自翻滚发芽装置,其特征在于,副轴安装的旋转框架为四至六边形。 A self claim germination tumbling apparatus of claim 2, wherein the rotary shaft is mounted to the sub-frame four hexagonal.
4.如权利要求1所述一种自翻滚发芽装置,其特征在于,所述发芽框(2)上有可闭合的进料口。 As claimed in claim 1. A self-rolling apparatus of germination, wherein said germinating box has a closable feed opening (2).
5.如权利要求1所述一种自翻滚发芽装置,其特征在于,发芽框(2)为圆筒形。 As claimed in claim 1. A self-rolling said germinating unit, characterized in that the germinating box (2) is cylindrical.
6.如权利要求1所述一种自翻滚发芽装置,其特征在于,喷水管(3)位于支架顶部。 As claimed in claim 1. A self-rolling said germinating unit, characterized in that the spray pipe (3) at the top of the bracket.
7.一种自翻滚发芽装置的控制方法,其特征在于,控制系统为PLC自动控制系统,该控制系统控制包括测量模块和控制模块; 测量模块用于测量发芽框(2)内的温度和湿度,控制模块用于控制主轴(1-1)转动和喷水管⑶喷水; 发芽框(2)内环境控制在温度20-36 °C,湿度65-100% ; 当测量模块检测到温度或湿度低于上述控制范围时,控制系统向喷水管(3)和主轴(1-1)电机发出指令,喷水管⑶喷出30°C的水,同时主轴(1-1)由电机和减速机驱动,运转,主轴(1-1)电机带动附轴(1-2)转动,发芽框(2)随之转动使原料在发芽矿(2)内翻滚。 A self-rolling control method for germination, characterized in that the control system for the automatic control system PLC, the control system includes a measurement module and a control module; a measurement means for measuring the temperature and humidity germination boxes (2) in the control means for controlling the spindle (1-1) and a rotatable spray pipe ⑶ water; germinating box (2) within a controlled environment at a temperature of 20-36 ° C, humidity of 65-100%; when the detected temperature or the measuring module the humidity is below the control range, the control system sends to the spray pipe (3) and the main shaft (1-1) motor command, discharge the water spray pipe ⑶ 30 ° C, while the main shaft (1-1) by a motor and gear drive, running spindle (1-1) (1-2) driven by rotation of the motor shaft attachment, germination block (2) rotates with the raw material roll (2) during germination ore. 转速为2-20转/分钟。 Speed ​​of 2-20 revolutions / min.
CN201410184073.0A 2014-05-05 2014-05-05 Automatic-rolling germination device and control method CN104067727A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105359669A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-03-02 黑龙江省达丰科技开发有限责任公司 Primary germinator

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1571632A (en) * 2001-10-16 2005-01-26 格伯格·卡斯蒂洛 Germination device for production of sprouts
CN201733811U (en) * 2010-04-09 2011-02-09 山东工大机械有限公司 Novel germinating device
CN202907429U (en) * 2012-12-02 2013-05-01 佳木斯大学 Germination accelerating and seeding toughening device

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1571632A (en) * 2001-10-16 2005-01-26 格伯格·卡斯蒂洛 Germination device for production of sprouts
CN201733811U (en) * 2010-04-09 2011-02-09 山东工大机械有限公司 Novel germinating device
CN202907429U (en) * 2012-12-02 2013-05-01 佳木斯大学 Germination accelerating and seeding toughening device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105359669A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-03-02 黑龙江省达丰科技开发有限责任公司 Primary germinator

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