CN104064861A - Unipolar high-gain microstrip oscillator - Google Patents

Unipolar high-gain microstrip oscillator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104064861A
CN104064861A CN 201410308778 CN201410308778A CN104064861A CN 104064861 A CN104064861 A CN 104064861A CN 201410308778 CN201410308778 CN 201410308778 CN 201410308778 A CN201410308778 A CN 201410308778A CN 104064861 A CN104064861 A CN 104064861A
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oscillator
high gain
characterized
high
transducer
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CN 201410308778
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CN104064861B (en )
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石松程
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石松程
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Abstract

The invention discloses a unipolar high-gain microstrip oscillator. The oscillator comprises two oscillator sheets arranged centrosymmetrically. Each oscillator sheet is provided with a plurality of hollow isolating slots parallelly, and each isolating slot is provided with a plurality of loading holes in two sides. Through such a reasonable structural design, distributed load technology is used on a radiation unit. Through comprehensive optimization of a series of technologies, an antenna is further miniaturized, thereby satisfying the requirements of a communication system in the prior art. With the above structure, the oscillator realizes antenna radiation directional diagram control characterized by directional radiation with a high gain. Thus the oscillator is characterized by high symmetry, high integrated level, miniaturization, good radiation features, high gain, low costs and easy integration.

Description

一种单极性高增益微带振子 One kind of unipolar high-gain microstrip oscillator

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及振子领域,具体涉及一种单极性高增益微带振子。 [0001] The present invention relates to transducers, and in particular, to a unipolar high gain microstrip resonator.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 如今,随着卫星通信系统的广泛应用,对卫星通信系统接收天线的研究层出不穷, 如单极的、双极的、螺旋的、四臂螺旋的以及微带天线结构,均可用于卫星通信系统的各种天线中;传统的微带天线因具有剖面低、体积小、重量轻、可共形、易集成、馈电方式灵活、便于获得线极化和圆极化等优点,已在移动通信,卫星通讯,导弹遥测,多普勒雷达等许多领域获得了广泛的应用,但增益有限一直是微带天线的缺陷;微带天线是近30年来逐渐发展起来的一类新型天线,因其固有的优点而得到了广泛的应用,但其也有存在增益较小、方向性差、表面波的存在、带宽不足等缺点。 [0002] Today, with the widespread use of satellite communication systems, research receiving antenna of a satellite communication system after another, such as monopolar, bipolar, helix, microstrip quadrifilar helical antenna structure as well, can be used for satellite various antenna communication system; because conventional microstrip antenna having a low profile, small size, light weight, conformable, easy integration, feeding flexible, to facilitate access lines and circular polarization, etc., have been mobile communications, satellite communications, missile telemetry, Doppler radar and many other fields has been widely used, but gains have been limited defect microstrip antenna; microstrip antenna is nearly 30 years, gradually developed a new type of antenna, because its inherent advantages have been widely used, but also the presence of small gain, directional difference, the presence of the surface wave, insufficient bandwidth shortcomings. 所以对微带天线进行深入研究具有十分重要的工程价值和理论意义。 So for microstrip antenna in-depth study and theoretical value of the works have great significance. 在微带天线设计中加载耦合腔技术是天线工程中常用的实现小型化的方法,通过在天线的适当位置加载电阻、电抗或导体来改善天线中的电流分布,从而达到改变天线的谐振频率,或者在同样的工作频率下降低天线的高度以及改变天线的辐射方向图等目的;因此怎么样实现加载而又高增益是共同研究的目的。 Loading coupling cavities art microstrip antenna design is the antenna construction methods commonly used in miniaturized, loading resistance by a suitable position of the antenna, the reactance or conductors to improve the current distribution in the antenna, to achieve the change of the antenna resonance frequency, or to reduce the height of the antenna at the same operating frequency and changing the object like an antenna radiation pattern; therefore how to achieve high gain but is loaded joint research purposes.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明的目的在于克服以上所述的缺点,提供高增益、回馈电流分布稳定的一种单极性高增益微带振子。 [0003] The object of the present invention is to overcome the above drawbacks, providing a high gain, feedback one kind of unipolar current distribution stable high gain microstrip resonator.

[0004] 为实现上述目的,本发明的具体方案如下:一种单极性高增益微带振子,包括有一PCB板,所述PCB板的底面覆有铜层;所述PCB板的顶面设有振子电路结构,所述振子电路结构包括有两个中心对称设置的振子片,每一个振子片并排设有复数个镂空的隔离槽,每个隔离槽两侧均设有复数个加载孔。 [0004] To achieve the above object, the present invention is specifically as follows: A unipolar high gain microstrip transducer, comprising a PCB, a bottom surface of the PCB is coated with a copper layer; top surface of the PCB provided vibrator circuit configuration, the circuit configuration comprises a vibrator oscillator sheet disposed symmetrically two centers, each transducer plate provided with a plurality of hollow parallel separation grooves, each spacer has a plurality of grooves on both sides of a loading well.

[0005] 其中,所述每个振子片为正方形。 [0005] wherein each of said oscillator is a square sheet.

[0006] 其中,所述每个振子片的边长为5cm± lcm。 [0006] wherein the side length of the transducer sheet of 5cm ± lcm.

[0007] 其中,所述每个隔离槽每一侧的加载孔的直径为2mm± 1mm。 [0007] wherein the diameter of each hole of each spacer loading slot side is 2mm ± 1mm.

[0008] 其中,所述每个隔离槽每一侧的加载孔的数量为十二个。 [0008] wherein the number of said loading aperture of each separation groove on each side of the twelve.

[0009] 其中,所述隔离槽的宽度为10mm±2mm。 [0009] wherein the isolation groove width is 10mm ± 2mm.

[0010] 其中,所述铜层的厚度为2mm± 1mm。 [0010] wherein a thickness of the copper layer was 2mm ± 1mm.

[0011] 本发明的有益效果为:振子电路结构包括有两个中心对称设置的振子片,每一个振子片并排设有复数个镂空的隔离槽,每个隔离槽两侧均设有复数个加载孔;通过如此合理的结构设计,在辐射元上使用了分布加载技术,通过系列技术的综合优化,实现了天线的进一步小型化,能够很好地满足目前通信系统的要求。 [0011] Advantageous effects of the present invention are: the transducer circuit arrangement comprises two vibrator plate disposed centrally symmetric, each of the transducer plate provided with a plurality of hollow parallel separation grooves, each spacer has a plurality of grooves on both sides of loading aperture; thus by rational design, using the technique of the distribution of loading on the radiating element, through a comprehensive series of optimization techniques, to achieve a further miniaturization of the antenna, can satisfy the requirements of the current communication system. 由于采用了以上结构,实现了天线辐射方向图控制,具有定向辐射的特点,并且得到了较高的增益。 With the above structure, to achieve the antenna radiation pattern control, having a directional radiation characteristics, and to obtain a higher gain. 因此本发明具有高对称性、 高集成度、小型化、辐射特性好、增益高等优异的综合特性,并且成本低、易于集成。 Therefore, the present invention has high symmetry and high degree of integration, miniaturization, good radiation characteristics, high gain excellent combination of properties, low cost and ease of integration.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0012] 图1是本发明的俯视图; 图2是本发明的正视图; 图1至图2中的附图标记说明:11_PCB板;12-安全杆;13-振子片;14-隔尚槽;15-加载孔;16-隔离杆;17-铜层。 [0012] FIG. 1 is a top plan view of the invention; FIG. 2 is a front view of the invention; REFERENCE SIGNS 1 in FIG. 2 through FIG: 11_PCB plate; 12- safety lever; 13- oscillator sheet; 14- compartments still groove ; loading hole 15; 16- spacer bar; 17- copper layer.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0013] 下面结合附图和具体实施例对本发明作进一步详细的说明,并不是把本发明的实施范围局限于此。 [0013] Next, the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments of the present invention will be further described in detail, the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto.

[0014] 如图1至图2所示,本实施例所述的一种单极性高增益微带振子,包括有一PCB板11,所述PCB板11的底面覆有铜层17 ;所述PCB板11的顶面设有振子电路结构,所述振子电路结构包括有两个中心对称设置的振子片13,每一个振子片13并排设有复数个镂空的隔离槽14,每个隔离槽14两侧均设有复数个加载孔15。 The; [0014] As shown in FIG. 1 to FIG. 2, the present embodiment is one kind of unipolar high gain microstrip transducer, the PCB 11 includes a bottom surface 11 of the PCB is coated with a copper layer 17 embodiment the top surface of the PCB 11 is provided with a circuit structure of the oscillator, the oscillator circuit arrangement comprises two pieces center vibrator 13 arranged symmetrically, each of the transducer plate 13 is provided with a plurality of parallel hollow isolation grooves 14, each of the isolation trench 14 both sides with a plurality of holes 15 is loaded. 具体的,铜层17接同轴电缆的外芯相连,即接点回路相连,而加载孔15连接于同轴电缆的内芯,通过如此合理的结构设计, 在辐射元上使用了分布加载技术,通过系列技术的综合优化,实现了天线的进一步小型化, 能够很好地满足目前通信系统的要求。 Specifically, a copper layer 17 connected to the outer core of the coaxial cable is connected to, i.e. connected to the contact loop and the loading aperture 15 connected to the inner core of the coaxial cable, so by rational design, using the technique of the distribution of loading on the radiating element, through a comprehensive series of optimization techniques to achieve a further miniaturization of the antenna, it can satisfy the requirements of the current communication system. 由于采用了以上结构,实现了天线辐射方向图控制, 具有定向辐射的特点,并且得到了较高的增益。 With the above structure, to achieve the antenna radiation pattern control, having a directional radiation characteristics, and to obtain a higher gain. 因此本发明具有高对称性、高集成度、小型化、辐射特性好、增益高等优异的综合特性,并且成本低、易于集成。 Therefore, the present invention has high symmetry and high degree of integration, miniaturization, good radiation characteristics, high gain excellent combination of properties, low cost and ease of integration.

[0015] 本实施例所述的一种单极性高增益微带振子,所述每个振子片13为正方形;通过计算机软件的仿真,测得其正方形的结构在辐射性能更佳,且馈电电流稳定,增益性更高。 [0015] The present embodiment is one kind of unipolar embodiment of the high gain microstrip transducer, each of the oscillator 13 is a square sheet; computer simulation software, a square structure measured obtaining better radiation performance, and feed electric current stability, gain higher.

[0016] 本实施例所述的一种单极性高增益微带振子,所述每个振子片13的边长为5cm± lcm ;振子片13的长度决定了电磁波福射波长,设定为此数值,在计算机软件仿真下, 得知,可在增益最大的情况下,衰减比率最低,提高本发明的实用性。 [0016] An embodiment of the high-gain monopole microstrip resonator of the present embodiment, the length of each side of the transducer plate 13 is 5cm ± lcm; length of oscillator 13 determines the sheet Bofu electromagnetic emission wavelength is set to this value, simulation in computer software, that can be at maximum gain, the lowest attenuation rate, improve the usefulness of the present invention.

[0017] 本实施例所述的一种单极性高增益微带振子,所述每个隔离槽14每一侧的加载孔15的直径为2mm± 1mm ;所述每个隔离槽14每一侧的加载孔15的数量为十二个;通过测试,其数值如此可较大程度降低加载孔15之间的互扰。 [0017] The present embodiment is one kind of unipolar embodiment of the high gain microstrip resonator, the diameter of each separation groove 14 on each side of the loading aperture 15 is 2mm ± 1mm; each of each separation groove 14 number of hole side load 15 is twelve; tested, its value may be such a large extent reduce the mutual interference between the loading aperture 15.

[0018] 本实施例所述的一种单极性高增益微带振子,所述隔离槽14的宽度为10mm±2mm ;其有效隔离度增加20db。 One kind of unipolar [0018] Example of the present embodiment of the high gain microstrip transducer, the width of the isolation groove 14 is 10mm ± 2mm; effective isolation increases 20db.

[0019] 本实施例所述的一种单极性高增益微带振子,所述铜层17的厚度为2mm± 1mm ; 能最大保持接地的稳定性,通过计算机软件仿真得知,此厚度的铜层17在最省原料的前提下,保持振子的散热和运行稳定。 [0019] The present embodiment is one kind of unipolar embodiment of the high gain microstrip resonator, a thickness of the copper layer 17 is 2mm ± 1mm; greatest maintain the stability of the ground, that through the computer simulation software, this thickness a copper layer 17 on the premise of most saving and material, heat retention, and stable operation of the transducer.

[0020] 本实施例所述的一种单极性高增益微带振子,还包括有设于上方的振子片13上端的以及下方的振子片13下端的复数个隔离杆16,所述每个隔离杆16之间的距离为lmm±0. 5mm ;其可大大增加振子隔离度,提高天线增益效果。 One kind of unipolar [0020] This embodiment of the high-gain microstrip resonator, further comprising an upper end 13 disposed above the sheet, and a vibrator 13 beneath the lower end of the transducer sheet of a plurality of spacer rods 16, each of the distance between the spacer bar 16 is lmm ± 0 5mm;. which can greatly increase the isolation of the transducer, the effect of improving antenna gain.

[0021] 本实施例所述的一种单极性高增益微带振子,还包括有从PCB板11外边向外延伸的出的T形的安全杆12,所述安全杆12的长度为10_±2_,所述安全杆12与铜层17电连接;其作用有两个,一来,在组成振子列时,可以使两个振子之间的距离保持安全距离,互绕度底,减少干扰,另外,具备一定的隔离作用,互绕产生的电流可以延顺铜层17接地。 One kind of unipolar embodiment of the high-gain microstrip resonator, further comprising a T-shaped safety lever 12 extends outwardly from the PCB 11 of the outer edge of the safety rod length [0021] 12 of the present embodiment is 10_ ± 2_, the safety lever 1217 is electrically connected to the copper layer; the two acts, the one, in the composition of transducer columns, the distance between the two can be made to maintain a safe distance from the transducer, around each of the end, to reduce interference in addition, a certain degree of isolation, a current can be generated around each copper layer 17 extending along the ground.

[0022] 以上所述仅是本发明的一个较佳实施例,故凡依本发明专利申请范围所述的构造、特征及原理所做的等效变化或修饰,包含在本发明专利申请的保护范围内。 [0022] The above is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, where it is under this structure, characteristics and principles of the scope of the invention patent applications made equivalent variations or modifications of the present invention comprising a protective patent application range.

Claims (7)

  1. 1. 一种单极性高增益微带振子,其特征在于:包括有一PCB板(11),所述PCB板(11)的底面覆有铜层(17);所述PCB板(11)的顶面设有振子电路结构,所述振子电路结构包括有两个中心对称设置的振子片(13),每一个振子片(13)并排设有复数个镂空的隔离槽(14), 每个隔离槽(14)两侧均设有复数个加载孔(15)。 A unipolar high gain microstrip transducer, characterized by: comprising a PCB board (11), a bottom surface of the PCB (11) is coated with a copper layer (17); of the PCB (11) a top surface provided with a circuit configuration of the oscillator, the oscillator circuit comprises a vibrator plate structure (13) arranged centrally symmetric two, each of the transducer plate (13) provided with a plurality of hollow parallel isolation trenches (14), each isolated grooves (14) on both sides provided with a plurality of loading holes (15).
  2. 2. 根据权利要求1所述的一种单极性高增益微带振子,其特征在于:所述每个振子片(13)为正方形。 2. According to one of the claims 1 unipolar high gain microstrip transducer, characterized in that: each of said oscillator blade (13) is square.
  3. 3. 根据权利要求2所述的一种单极性高增益微带振子,其特征在于:所述每个振子片(13) 的边长为5cm±lcm。 3. According to one of claim 2 to claim unipolar high gain microstrip transducer, characterized in that: each of said oscillator blade (13) of side length 5cm ± lcm.
  4. 4. 根据权利要求3所述的一种单极性高增益微带振子,其特征在于:所述每个隔离槽(14) 每一侧的加载孔(15)的直径为2mm± 1mm。 4. According to one of claim 3 to claim unipolar high gain microstrip transducer, characterized in that: each of said isolation trench (14) loading hole diameter (15) of each side is 2mm ± 1mm.
  5. 5. 根据权利要求4所述的一种单极性高增益微带振子,其特征在于:所述每个隔离槽(14)每一侧的加载孔(15)的数量为十二个。 5. According to one of the claims 4 unipolar high gain microstrip transducer, characterized in that: each of said isolation trench (14) loading the number of apertures (15) on each side of twelve.
  6. 6. 根据权利要求1所述的一种单极性高增益微带振子,其特征在于:所述隔离槽(14) 的宽度为l〇mm±2mm。 6. According to one of the claims 1 unipolar high gain microstrip transducer, characterized in that: the width of the isolation trench (14) is l〇mm ± 2mm.
  7. 7. 根据权利要求1所述的一种单极性高增益微带振子,其特征在于:所述铜层(17)的厚度为2_±1_。 According to claim 1. A unipolar high gain microstrip transducer, as claimed in claim wherein: the thickness of the copper layer (17) is 2_ ± 1_.
CN 201410308778 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 One kind of unipolar high-gain microstrip oscillator CN104064861B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104617378A (en) * 2015-01-21 2015-05-13 王欢欢 Unipolar oscillator with rectangular via hole

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CN1913224A (en) * 2005-08-09 2007-02-14 技嘉科技股份有限公司 Circuit board antenna
US20080143608A1 (en) * 2006-12-13 2008-06-19 Alps Electric Co., Ltd. Antenna-integrated module
WO2011155402A1 (en) * 2010-06-09 2011-12-15 株式会社村田製作所 Method for producing antenna, antenna, and method for producing wireless ic device
CN103500879A (en) * 2013-10-16 2014-01-08 厦门大学 Bridging type dual-frequency microstrip antenna with interdigital coupling control
CN203942023U (en) * 2014-07-01 2014-11-12 梅县梅雁旋窑水泥有限公司 Unipolar high-gain micro-strip oscillator

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1913224A (en) * 2005-08-09 2007-02-14 技嘉科技股份有限公司 Circuit board antenna
US20080143608A1 (en) * 2006-12-13 2008-06-19 Alps Electric Co., Ltd. Antenna-integrated module
WO2011155402A1 (en) * 2010-06-09 2011-12-15 株式会社村田製作所 Method for producing antenna, antenna, and method for producing wireless ic device
CN103500879A (en) * 2013-10-16 2014-01-08 厦门大学 Bridging type dual-frequency microstrip antenna with interdigital coupling control
CN203942023U (en) * 2014-07-01 2014-11-12 梅县梅雁旋窑水泥有限公司 Unipolar high-gain micro-strip oscillator

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104617378A (en) * 2015-01-21 2015-05-13 王欢欢 Unipolar oscillator with rectangular via hole

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