CN104015915A - Unmanned gas saucer and manufacturing method thereof - Google Patents

Unmanned gas saucer and manufacturing method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104015915A
CN104015915A CN201410224204.3A CN201410224204A CN104015915A CN 104015915 A CN104015915 A CN 104015915A CN 201410224204 A CN201410224204 A CN 201410224204A CN 104015915 A CN104015915 A CN 104015915A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
dish
popularity
solar
carbon fiber
screw propeller
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410224204.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
聂建平
刘亮亮
王庆
戴维
全勇
邹任芝
李星优
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Nanchang Hangkong University
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Nanchang Hangkong University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Nanchang Hangkong University filed Critical Nanchang Hangkong University
Priority to CN201410224204.3A priority Critical patent/CN104015915A/en
Publication of CN104015915A publication Critical patent/CN104015915A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses an unmanned gas saucer and a manufacturing method thereof. A solar cell panel is attached to the upper surface of a novel PVC thin film material light gas bag, and the bottom face of the gas bag is connected with a carbon fiber tension bearing rod. The top end of the carbon fiber tension bearing rod is connected with a screw propeller, and the middle connecting portion of the carbon fiber tension bearing rod and the screw propeller is connected with a solar voltage-stabilized power source and cache group. The solar voltage-stabilized power source and cache group is provided with an inverter, and the lower end of the solar voltage-stabilized power source and cache group is connected with an undercarriage. On the aspect of power, hybrid power is mainly provided by the solar cell panel and a saucer body filled with light gas, and the advantage of long endurance is achieved. The unmanned gas saucer and the manufacturing method thereof have the advantages of being widely applied to the unmanned detection and unmanned precise detection field at high altitude, having a very wide market prospect and utilization value, achieving zero emission solar driving, and being good in flight performance, low in cost, capable of achieving long endurance flight operation on fine days, wide in application range and the like.

Description

A kind of without popularity dish and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to the utilization field of airborne aircraft, be specifically related to a kind of without popularity dish and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Now, Global Aviation Industry carbon dioxide isothermal chamber gas purging amount, very important source of pollution are become, develop heliotechnics, to advance greatly the enforcement of national energy-saving reduction of discharging plan, domestic existing Helios, because the packaging technology on wing is immature, causes weight large, aeroperformance loss is serious, flight can not effectively realize long boat time.Based on the bottleneck problem of this unmanned vehicle research, test of many times is passed through by our team, find to adopt PVC lightweight material, adopt the lift-off dish body of the extremely strong hot suturing skill processing and manufacturing of leak tightness, and adopt new cleaning fuel as power resources, solar power and light gas auxiliary lifting are organically combined, the airmanship difficult problem such as while effectively having solved long boat, this lift-off dish body can be widely used in taking photo by plane for a long time, physical features exploration, fire alarm is danger in advance, and the low-latitude flyings such as meteorological survey, also can take and transmit; And can be widely used in agricultural, military affairs, urgent early warning, follow the trail of in high-altitude, meteorological observation, the wedding gauze kerchief aerophotography of daily life etc.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of without popularity dish, this without popularity dish outward appearance adopt saucer-like configuration, volume is little, quality is light, of many uses, flight provides basis when being essentially long boat.
The present invention is achieved like this, it comprises novel PVC membraneous material lightweight air bag, solar panel, alighting gear, inverter, screw propeller, sun-generated electric power voltage stabilizing and buffer memory group, carbon fiber pulling force bearing bar, it is characterized in that: solar panel is attached to novel PVC membraneous material lightweight air bag upper surface, novel PVC membraneous material lightweight air bag bottom surface connects carbon fiber pulling force bearing bar, carbon fiber pulling force bearing bar top connects screw propeller, described carbon fiber pulling force bearing bar is " ten " font, middle junction is connected with solar power constant voltage power suspply and buffer memory group, in solar power constant voltage power suspply and buffer memory group, inverter is installed, solar power constant voltage power suspply and buffer memory group lower end connect alighting gear, described screw propeller lower end is provided with motor, and combine the characteristic of solar powered aircraft and ascending balloon, cleaning new energy solar power and lighter-than-air gas lift are organically combined.
The saucer-like configuration that is easy to flight that adopts without popularity dish profile of the present invention, encapsulation adopts novel PVC membraneous material, and in conjunction with the novel encapsulated technique of independent research, air bag upper surface entirety is provided with solar panel; This design has improved structure strength-weight ratio on the one hand, has alleviated to greatest extent body weight, has optimized the integral structure of aircraft, can convert solar energy into electrical energy to greatest extent on the other hand, improves greatly the flying power of aircraft.
Of the present inventionly be full of light gas helium without popularity dish dish body inside, contained lighter-than-air gas helium provides rising power also to produce to have alleviated dish body overall weight, combine the characteristic of solar powered aircraft and ascending balloon, cleaning new energy solar power and lighter-than-air gas lift are organically combined, and by meeting the configuration design of flight dynamics principle, reduce to greatest extent flight resistance, flight while making the less power of multiaxis flying platform consumption realize long boat; Dish body has carried solar panel and multiaxis flying platform, and existing enough strength and stabilities are enough to again bear predetermined load; Dish is in meeting under force request in addition, and dish body has been expanded load weight to greatest extent, and its function, to hold multiple airborne equipment, has expanded field of application and field.
Screw propeller of the present invention is by gas dish take-off weight and flying speed requirement, and by adjusting multiaxis wheelbase, footpath, dish body hole, determines that dish body center-of-gravity position selects a set of efficient multiaxis engine installation to determine.
The hovered multiaxis flying platform that adopts efficient stable without popularity dish of the present invention, has realized vertical takeoff and landing, spot hover and stable control.
The present invention, aspect energy conversion efficiency, for improving transmission voltage, designs and has improved efficient power conversion combination, greatly improves the trans-utilization rate of solar power.
The present invention, aspect flight active force, works power consumption greatly in view of multiple motors simultaneously, goes out a set of efficient low energy consumption multiaxis power system, to improve the flying power of gas dish through Research on experiment design.
Of the present inventionly without popularity dish internal circuit control principle be: the electric current that solar panel produces obtains direct current (DC) by photoelectric conversion and enters controller, controller can mutually be exchanged direct current (DC) is stored in storage battery by charging and discharging, converting direct-current power into alternating-current power is entered to AC load with inverter, again alternating current is offered to brushless AC motor, thereby make motor rotation work; On the one hand, brushless electricity is adjusted the alternating-current voltage/AC voltage of controlling output according to the signal of receiver throttle channel, thereby controls the rotating speed of motor, the pulling force of propeller blades; By receiver, flight attitude and the direction of aircraft are controlled in the output of the electric current to steering wheel, voltage on the other hand, realize the effective control to aircraft by this two aspect.
Principle of work of the present invention is: the characteristic that combines solar powered aircraft and ascending balloon, cleaning new energy solar power and lighter-than-air gas lift are organically combined, and integrate four axle flying platforms, solar power provides continuation of the journey power, and light gas can provide part lift, offsets part and bears a heavy burden, reduce the power consumption of four axle flying platforms, radius flight far away while realizing long boat, four axle flying platforms can be realized spot hover awing, can carrying equipment system carry out correlated activation.
Advantage of the present invention is: (1) is unmanned detecting in high-altitude, and unmanned accurately detecting field widespread use, has boundless market outlook and value; (2) fine day there is zero-emission Driven by Solar Energy, good airworthiness, low cost, the operation of flying, the advantage such as of many uses in the time that can be grown boat.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is birds-eye view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is internal circuit control principle of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is four axis platform constructional drawing of the present invention.
Inverter in the drawings, 1, novel PVC membraneous material lightweight air bag, 2, solar panel, 3, alighting gear, 4,, 5, screw propeller, 6, sun-generated electric power voltage stabilizing and buffer memory group, 7, carbon fiber pulling force bearing bar, 8, controller, 9, storage battery, 10, AC load, 11, motor.
Detailed description of the invention
As Fig. 1, Fig. 2, shown in Fig. 4, the present invention is achieved like this, it comprises novel PVC membraneous material lightweight air bag 1, solar panel 2, alighting gear 3, inverter 4, screw propeller 5, sun-generated electric power voltage stabilizing and buffer memory group 6, carbon fiber pulling force bearing bar 7, it is characterized in that: solar panel 2 is attached to novel PVC membraneous material lightweight air bag 1 upper surface, novel PVC membraneous material lightweight air bag 1 bottom surface connects carbon fiber pulling force bearing bar 7, carbon fiber pulling force bearing bar 7 tops connect screw propeller 5, described carbon fiber pulling force bearing bar 7 is " ten " font, middle junction is connected with solar power constant voltage power suspply and buffer memory group 6, in solar power constant voltage power suspply and buffer memory group 6, inverter 4 is installed, solar power constant voltage power suspply and buffer memory group 6 lower ends connect alighting gear 3, described screw propeller 5 lower ends are provided with motor 11.
As shown in Figure 3, of the present inventionly without popularity dish internal circuit control principle be: the electric current that solar panel 2 produces obtains direct current (DC) by photoelectric conversion and enters controller 8, controller 8 can mutually be exchanged direct current (DC) is stored in storage battery 9 by charging and discharging, converting direct-current power into alternating-current power is entered to AC load 10 with inverter 4, again alternating current is offered to brushless AC motor, thereby make motor rotation work; On the one hand, brushless electricity is adjusted the alternating-current voltage/AC voltage of controlling output according to the signal of receiver throttle channel, thereby controls the rotating speed of motor, the pulling force of propeller blades; By receiver, flight attitude and the direction of aircraft are controlled in the output of the electric current to steering wheel, voltage on the other hand, realize the effective control to aircraft by this two aspect.
Principle of work of the present invention is: the characteristic that combines solar powered aircraft and ascending balloon, cleaning new energy solar power and lighter-than-air gas lift are organically combined, and integrate four axle flying platforms, solar power provides continuation of the journey power, and light gas can provide part lift, offsets part and bears a heavy burden, reduce the power consumption of four axle flying platforms, radius flight far away while realizing long boat, four axle flying platforms can be realized spot hover awing, can carrying equipment system carry out correlated activation.
On four axle flying platforms of the present invention, four motors that are cross arrangement are installed, the distance of drive motor wheelbase geometric centre equates, when the lift that produces when diagonal angle diaxon is identical, just can ensure balance, can not tilt to either direction; And four a pair of forwards of motor, the mode of a pair of reversion makes the reactive torque balance around vertical axes direction rotation, ensure the stable of four axle courses, what motor adopted is constant force 4822,690 KV, the APC multiaxis oar of 16 cun, the dish body of gas dish, also to a certain extent for four axles provide lift, is realized long boat.
The arrangement mode that MK specifies four spindle motors as shown in Figure 4, front (A), rear (C), right (B), left (D), A, the rotation of C motor clockwise direction, B, D motor left-hand revolution; The rotating speed of four motors does corresponding variation can realize four axles, motion laterally, longitudinally, on vertical direction and yaw direction, in the time that four axles need to forwards move, B, D motor keeps rotating speed constant, A motor speed declines, and C motor speed rises, and the lift that now C motor produces is greater than the lift of A motor, four axles will tilt forward along geometric centre, and blade lift component longitudinally moves before driving four-axial; In the time that four axles want port to turn to, A, C motor speed rise, B, D motor speed decline, make anti-twisted distance left be greater than reactive torque to the right, four axles under the effect of anti-twisted distance to anticlockwise.
The thrusts that four oars produce, exceed or can realize lower than the gravity of four axles own time the motion of vertical direction rise and fall, realize hovering in the time that the lift of oar equates with the gravity of four axles itself; Four axles are combined into one by bindiny mechanism and gas dish dish body, in the time that four axles carry out various flare maneuver, be with the dish of taking offence to do identical action and complete a whole set of flight, without popularity dish, solar panel adds four axles, can follow-on mission when sunny more than 6 hours.
The above; be only the detailed description of the invention in the present invention, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to this, any people who is familiar with this technology is in the disclosed technical scope of the present invention; the conversion that can expect easily or replacement, all should be encompassed in of the present invention comprise scope within.

Claims (5)

1. one kind without popularity dish, it comprises novel PVC membraneous material lightweight air bag, solar panel, alighting gear, inverter, screw propeller, sun-generated electric power voltage stabilizing and buffer memory group, carbon fiber pulling force bearing bar, it is characterized in that: solar panel is attached to novel PVC membraneous material lightweight air bag upper surface, novel PVC membraneous material lightweight air bag bottom surface connects carbon fiber pulling force bearing bar, carbon fiber pulling force bearing bar top connects screw propeller, described carbon fiber pulling force bearing bar is " ten " font, middle junction is connected with solar power constant voltage power suspply and buffer memory group, in solar power constant voltage power suspply and buffer memory group, inverter is installed, solar power constant voltage power suspply and buffer memory group lower end connect alighting gear, described screw propeller lower end is provided with motor, and combine the characteristic of solar powered aircraft and ascending balloon, cleaning new energy solar power and lighter-than-air gas lift are organically combined.
2. an a kind of preparation method without popularity dish according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the described saucer-like configuration that is easy to flight that adopts without popularity dish profile, encapsulation adopts novel PVC membraneous material and hot sewing process, and upper surface entirety is provided with solar panel.
3. one according to claim 1 is without popularity dish, it is characterized in that: be describedly full of light gas helium without popularity dish dish body inside, dish body has carried solar panel and multiaxis flying platform, dish is in meeting under force request, dish body has been expanded load weight to greatest extent, to hold multiple airborne equipment.
4. one according to claim 1 is without popularity dish, it is characterized in that: described screw propeller is by gas dish take-off weight and flying speed requirement, by adjusting multiaxis wheelbase, footpath, dish body hole, determines that dish body center-of-gravity position selects a set of efficient multiaxis engine installation to determine.
5. one according to claim 1, without popularity dish, is characterized in that: describedly adopt the multiaxis flying platform that can hover to realize vertical takeoff and landing, spot hover and stable control without popularity dish.
CN201410224204.3A 2014-05-26 2014-05-26 Unmanned gas saucer and manufacturing method thereof Pending CN104015915A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410224204.3A CN104015915A (en) 2014-05-26 2014-05-26 Unmanned gas saucer and manufacturing method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410224204.3A CN104015915A (en) 2014-05-26 2014-05-26 Unmanned gas saucer and manufacturing method thereof

Publications (1)

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CN104015915A true CN104015915A (en) 2014-09-03

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104908955A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-09-16 中国科学院物理研究所 Multi-shaft unmanned aerial vehicle
WO2017067412A1 (en) * 2015-10-22 2017-04-27 深圳光启合众科技有限公司 Multi-rotor aircraft
WO2017107781A1 (en) * 2015-12-21 2017-06-29 深圳光启空间技术有限公司 Multi-rotor air vehicle
CN110712736A (en) * 2019-11-11 2020-01-21 青田极石航空科技有限公司 Balancing weight adjusting equipment for aviation equipment
CN111645854A (en) * 2020-03-30 2020-09-11 上海交通大学医学院附属瑞金医院 Unmanned aerial vehicle monitoring and sampling system for high-infectivity environment medical treatment

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104908955A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-09-16 中国科学院物理研究所 Multi-shaft unmanned aerial vehicle
CN104908955B (en) * 2015-05-22 2017-04-12 中国科学院物理研究所 Multi-shaft unmanned aerial vehicle
WO2017067412A1 (en) * 2015-10-22 2017-04-27 深圳光启合众科技有限公司 Multi-rotor aircraft
WO2017107781A1 (en) * 2015-12-21 2017-06-29 深圳光启空间技术有限公司 Multi-rotor air vehicle
CN110712736A (en) * 2019-11-11 2020-01-21 青田极石航空科技有限公司 Balancing weight adjusting equipment for aviation equipment
CN110712736B (en) * 2019-11-11 2020-10-27 青田极石航空科技有限公司 Balancing weight adjusting equipment for aviation equipment
CN111645854A (en) * 2020-03-30 2020-09-11 上海交通大学医学院附属瑞金医院 Unmanned aerial vehicle monitoring and sampling system for high-infectivity environment medical treatment

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Application publication date: 20140903