CN103994752A - Automatic measurement and guidance system and automatic measurement and guidance method related to pipe pushing construction - Google Patents

Automatic measurement and guidance system and automatic measurement and guidance method related to pipe pushing construction Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103994752A
CN103994752A CN201410246863.7A CN201410246863A CN103994752A CN 103994752 A CN103994752 A CN 103994752A CN 201410246863 A CN201410246863 A CN 201410246863A CN 103994752 A CN103994752 A CN 103994752A
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tunnel
pipe
prism
total powerstation
tube coupling
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CN103994752B (en
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李明华
万兴权
唐剑
孙焕斌
王靖
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Shanghai Civil Engineering Co Ltd of CREC
Municipal Environmental Construction Co Ltd of CREC
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Shanghai Civil Engineering Co Ltd of CREC
Municipal Engineering Co Ltd of Shanghai Civil Engineering Co Ltd of CREC
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C5/00Measuring height; Measuring distances transverse to line of sight; Levelling between separated points; Surveyors' levels
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C1/00Measuring angles

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of construction and tunnel measurement technique, and particularly relates to an automatic measurement and guidance system and an automatic measurement and guidance method related to pipe pushing construction. The automatic measurement and guidance system comprises a full-automatic total station instrument, a wireless radio station, remote control equipment, a computer, an application tool, a pipe pusher, an MTG-T optical target, a prism, a sensor and a control cabinet, wherein the MTG-T optical target is arranged on the head of the pipe pusher; during the pipe pushing process, the whole pipe moves forwards, a travel sensor is arranged on the top of a tunnel portal, a forward vision prism and a reference prism are arranged on the upper wall of an inner cavity of a second tunnel pipe joint of the pipe, and can continuously move according to the pipe joint of the pipe, a back vision prism is arranged on the upper wall of an inner cavity of previous pipe joint of the tail end pipe joint of the pipe, and the total station instrument is arranged at the central position of an inner cavity of the front end pipe joint of the pipe. Compared with the prior art, the automatic measurement and guidance system has the advantages of alleviating the labor intensity of workers, improving the working efficiency and the construction precision of the pipe pushing construction, as well as analyzing and treating, timely controlling and timely making a decision through real-time data, so that the through accuracy between two wells is guaranteed.

Description

A kind of automatic measurement guidance system and method for relevant jacking construction
[technical field]
The present invention relates to construction and tunnel survey technical field, is a kind of automatic measurement guidance system and method for relevant jacking construction specifically.
[background technology]
In push pipe and constructing tunnel, in order to guarantee that every excavation face can correctly connect and meet designing requirement, just must along with constructing tunnel, tunnel axis and the elevation of the real time measure tunneling direction, this measurement is called tunnel survey.Subterranean tunnel class engineering construction measuring method has the conventional wires method that is suitable for bored tunnel at present; The shield structure that is suitable for subway shield tunnel construction is measured guidance system automatically; Below be all can transmit at Nei Zuo reference mark, in type tunnel along with tunnel extends, thereby can guarantee tunnel holing through precision.
The difference of jacking construction and subway shield tunnel construction is, whole pipeline section until after connecting the tube coupling in whole tunnel just can settle out.Tradition underground pipe-driving survey is got off to survey to front end push pipe head place by aboveground translocation at every turn, once middle, larger measuring error occurring must resurvey, and wastes time and energy, and easily causes front end tube coupling that the phenomenons such as head, off normal occur to plant.Particularly jacking construction needs the frequent head of changing, and measuring technique is even more important.The automatic guiding measuring system of existing push pipe is comprised of many total powerstations, and cost of equipment is too high, and simultaneity factor need install and measure device at each website of whole piece pipeline, and more complicated has affected the quality of constructing.
[summary of the invention]
The object of the invention is in order to overcome above-mentioned defect, according to automatic measurement technology, provide a kind of simple in structure, automatically measure guidance system, push pipe jacking dynamically under, automatic tracing and measuring continuously, having solved push pipe manual measurement in prior art wastes time and energy, easily make mistakes, cause head to wander off, final piercing error transfinites etc. and to cause the situation of unnecessary economic loss, thereby reaches the object of further raising construction quality and progress.
To achieve these goals, in conjunction with metro shield, automatically measure guidance system, the characteristic of measuring according to jacking construction is carried out necessary improvement, design a kind of automatic measurement guidance system of relevant jacking construction, comprise full-automatic total powerstation, wireless station and remote control equipment, the softwares such as computing machine and application tool MAPGIS or DBASE or Excel, push bench, MTG-T light target, prism, sensor, control box, the head of push bench is provided with MTG-T light target, in jacking construction, whole piece pipeline is mobile to advance, at tunnel portal top, be provided with stroke sensor, inner chamber upper wall at second tunnel tube coupling of pipeline is provided with forward sight prism and reference prism, according to the tube coupling on pipeline, constantly move, inner chamber upper wall at the last pipe joint joint of pipe end tube coupling is provided with rearscope, total powerstation is positioned at the middle position of pipeline front end tube coupling inner chamber, bottom and tunnel portal at tube coupling inner chamber are provided with several wireless stations, during total powerstation work, by MTG-T light target, measure head advanced positions delta data, by front and back rib visor with reference to visor, measure the track that push bench is constantly advanced, comprise horizontal angle, the three-dimensional coordinate of vertical angle and the length of side and front-and rear-view prism, by stroke sensor, measure the distance of push bench push pipe, total powerstation is transferred to output signal the input signal end of computing machine by wireless station's transmitted signal, computing machine and application tool are controlled total powerstation operation.Described total powerstation is provided with MTB11 control box, and described control box comprises direct supply 12V, control circuit and wireless transmit and receiving circuit.Described computer interface is provided with control box MTB11, and described control box comprises wireless transmit and receiving circuit.Between described front and back prism, set up a reference prism, by two one linear distance formula, guarantee that push pipe front portion is along its design centre line height jacking, position is accurate, and rear end slope control changes.
A kind of method of automatic measurement guidance system of relevant jacking construction: by using MTG-L push pipe automatic guiding system, can obtain in real time push bench with respect to deviation and the attitude thereof of Tunnel Design center line, for push bench provides important markings in strict accordance with design route jacking, guarantee the quality of constructing tunnel and the accurate perforation in tunnel, the method comprises the following steps:
A. survey tunnel website and the backsight data in tunnel starting well, by total powerstation, observe, laser target constantly changes with head advanced positions, the measurement baseline that described tunnel pipelines Center stake is push pipe, survey station point and backsight are fixed on the motionless summit of hole external position, the leveling point of measuring as push pipe height, and measurement result is transferred to industrial computer by total powerstation and wireless station by signal with the speed of 12s/ time, set up the directed baseline of automatic guide measuring system, namely set up survey station;
B. the inner chamber upper wall at second tunnel tube coupling is provided with forward sight prism and reference prism, in the end the inner chamber upper wall of the last joint tunnel tube coupling of a joint is provided with rearscope, by total powerstation and three tracks that prism conjunction measuring push bench pipe is constantly advanced, comprise horizontal angle, vertical angle and the length of side, by two one linear distance formula, guarantee that push pipe front portion is along its design centre line height jacking, position is accurate, rear end slope control changes, track will obtain survey station and backsight three-dimensional coordinate for follow-up phase, period measurement will increase to 42s left and right, measurement result is by wireless station and total powerstation, signal is transferred to industrial computer, measure in real time original plane and the altitude figures of head, as a basic parameter part, participating in software resolves,
C. after tunnel pipelines jacking one segment distance, when existing survey station can not directly observe head prism, need carry out survey station reach, survey station is moved in tunnel, at tunnel portal top, be provided with stroke sensor, period measurement is 42s left and right, and measurement result, by total powerstation and wireless station, is transferred to industrial computer by signal, system is automatically resolved and is removed station data, remove direct backsight behind station, can recover fast survey station, measure;
D. along with head jacking, the continuous extension of tunnel pipelines, each parts of automatic guiding system all moves forward accordingly, in the time of survey station reach, backsight is moved in Tunnel, the survey station point being fixed on tube coupling constantly moves with tube coupling, in this stage Tunnel, measuring equipment is all arranged within the scope of head 140m, survey station point is still provided with forward sight prism and reference prism by the 2nd tunnel tube coupling inner chamber upper wall, in the end the last joint inner chamber upper wall of a joint is provided with rearscope arrangement, eliminated the vertical error that broken line that several total powerstations form causes, period measurement is about 42 seconds, measurement result is by total powerstation and wireless station, signal is transferred to industrial computer, industrial computer carries out finishing analysis by real time data automatically, form result parameter, feed back to push pipe head display screen, correction parameter in display screen helps push bench driver to make fast and accurately relative measure, thereby instruct jacking construction.
Compared with the existing technology, its advantage is in the present invention: can reduce greatly personnel labor intensity, improve work efficiency and the construction precision of jacking construction; By real-time data analysis processing, rapid feedback, engineering state, show, control in real time, facilitate field staff's Real-time Decision, thereby finally guarantee the penetrating accuracy between two wells.
[accompanying drawing explanation]
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the computer software workflow diagram of the invention;
In Fig. 1: 1, MTL laser target or MTG-T laser target 2, MTB11 control box 3, MTB21 control box 4, MTB22 control box 5, TS15A total powerstation 6, rearscope and inclinator 7, forward sight prism 8, reference prism 9, stroke sensor 10, industrial computer and control box 11, tunnel tube coupling;
Specify Fig. 1 as Figure of abstract of the present invention.
[embodiment]
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the invention will be further described, the structure of this device and computing machine and application tool, comprises that the three-dimensional coordinate of front-and rear-view prism, two one linear distance formula are very clearly concerning this professional people.The innovative point of this technology is the combination of known technology, it is correct that employing reference prism is conducive to the push pipe height design of forward sight prism, reduce error, be conducive to control the variation of the rearscope gradient, the curved joint of the pipeline of several formations is adopted to one-stop automatic measurement guidance system, reduce labour intensity, cost, the vertical error of avoiding broken line to cause.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein, only in order to explain the present invention, is not intended to limit the present invention.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, push pipe method for automatic measurement is as follows: by manual input zero-bit data, design centerline data and field measurement data, import measured database automatically, thereby calculate the parameters such as the real-time attitude of push bench, design axis off normal, thereby guiding construction.
Above-mentioned push pipe method for automatic measurement concrete grammar step is as follows:
The preliminary works such as a. system assembles debugging, installs with reference to relevant devices such as prism, stube cable, total powerstation, industrial computers, debugging communication are finished, and see accompanying drawing 1;
B. input correlation parameter, will design the indices parameter typing computers such as centerline data, zero-bit data, default deviate;
C. automatically measure, automatic motor total powerstation carries out the measurement of head cursor, by total powerstation, automatically transmits, and real time data is passed to industrial computer;
D. data analysis arranges, and industrial computer carries out finishing analysis by real time data automatically, forms result parameter, feeds back to push pipe head display screen, thereby instructs jacking construction.
Embodiment 2:
The Kunming tail water of take is arranged pipe-jacking project outward as example.It is one of Kunming Dianchi lake waste water treatment project that Kunming tail water is arranged pipe-jacking project outward, establishing 11 active wells divides 10 sections of jacking circuits completely, wherein the longest section 9# well-pumping plant # well top, top section total length is 1.2 kilometers, belong to extra long distance jacking construction, during due to push pipe jacking construction, tube coupling is along with the extension of top section is followed up, be to belong to kinetic measurement, and necessary unidirectional jacking is to the well of appearing, higher to the accuracy requirement of tunnel survey.Every pipe joint joint is from calling in, being installed to out top has the vacant time of 2 hours to measure in real time, after jacking distance in push pipe tunnel is long, classic method can not guarantee in the situation that the head center line survey of not made mistakes in the limited time, therefore adopt this method to carry out.
Pipe-jacking project for guarantee tube coupling relative position accurately, there is to strict demand the quiescent interval, traditional measurement method, owing to turning station time and environmental impact, differs and guarantees surely accuracy and the actual effect of long range measurements.
In the time of automatic guide measuring method, adopt manual measurement to check, thereby further determine the relative merits of this method, precision, time etc.

Claims (5)

1. the automatic measurement guidance system of a relevant jacking construction, comprise full-automatic total powerstation, wireless station and remote control equipment, the softwares such as computing machine and application tool MAPGIS or DBASE or Excel, push bench, MTG-T light target, prism, sensor, control box, the head that it is characterized in that push bench is provided with MTG-T light target, in jacking construction, whole piece pipeline is mobile to advance, at tunnel portal top, be provided with stroke sensor, inner chamber upper wall at second tunnel tube coupling of pipeline is provided with forward sight prism and reference prism, according to the tube coupling on pipeline, constantly move, inner chamber upper wall at the last pipe joint joint of pipe end tube coupling is provided with rearscope, total powerstation is positioned at the middle position of pipeline front end tube coupling inner chamber, bottom and tunnel portal at tube coupling inner chamber are provided with several wireless stations, during total powerstation work, by MTG-T light target, measure head advanced positions delta data, by front and back rib visor with reference to visor, measure the track that push bench is constantly advanced, comprise horizontal angle, the three-dimensional coordinate of vertical angle and the length of side and front-and rear-view prism, by stroke sensor, measure the distance of push bench push pipe, total powerstation is transferred to output signal the input signal end of computing machine by wireless station's transmitted signal, computing machine and application tool are controlled total powerstation operation.
2. the automatic measurement guidance system of a kind of relevant jacking construction as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that total powerstation is provided with MTB11 control box, and described control box comprises direct supply 12V, control circuit and wireless transmit and receiving circuit.
3. the automatic measurement guidance system of a kind of relevant jacking construction as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that computer interface is provided with control box MTB11, and described control box comprises wireless transmit and receiving circuit.
4. the automatic measurement guidance system of a kind of relevant jacking construction as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that setting up a reference prism between the prism of front and back, by two one linear distance formula, guarantee that push pipe front portion is along its design centre line height jacking, position is accurate, and rear end slope control changes.
5. the method for the automatic measurement guidance system of a relevant jacking construction as claimed in claim 1: by using MTG-L push pipe automatic guiding system, can obtain in real time push bench with respect to deviation and the attitude thereof of Tunnel Design center line, for push bench provides important markings in strict accordance with design route jacking, guarantee the quality of constructing tunnel and the accurate perforation in tunnel, it is characterized in that the method comprises the following steps:
A. survey tunnel website and the backsight data in tunnel starting well, by total powerstation, observe, laser target constantly changes with head advanced positions, the measurement baseline that described tunnel pipelines Center stake is push pipe, survey station point and backsight are fixed on the motionless summit of hole external position, the leveling point of measuring as push pipe height, and measurement result is transferred to industrial computer by total powerstation and wireless station by signal with the speed of 12s/ time, set up the directed baseline of automatic guide measuring system, namely set up survey station;
B. the inner chamber upper wall at second tunnel tube coupling is provided with forward sight prism and reference prism, in the end the inner chamber upper wall of the last joint tunnel tube coupling of a joint is provided with rearscope, by total powerstation and three tracks that prism conjunction measuring push bench pipe is constantly advanced, comprise horizontal angle, vertical angle and the length of side, by two one linear distance formula, guarantee that push pipe front portion is along its design centre line height jacking, position is accurate, rear end slope control changes, track will obtain survey station and backsight three-dimensional coordinate for follow-up phase, period measurement will increase to 42s left and right, measurement result is by wireless station and total powerstation, signal is transferred to industrial computer, measure in real time original plane and the altitude figures of head, as a basic parameter part, participating in software resolves,
C. after tunnel pipelines jacking one segment distance, when existing survey station can not directly observe head prism, need carry out survey station reach, survey station is moved in tunnel, at tunnel portal top, be provided with stroke sensor, period measurement is 42s left and right, and measurement result, by total powerstation and wireless station, is transferred to industrial computer by signal, system is automatically resolved and is removed station data, remove direct backsight behind station, can recover fast survey station, measure;
D. along with head jacking, the continuous extension of tunnel pipelines, each parts of automatic guiding system all moves forward accordingly, in the time of survey station reach, backsight is moved in Tunnel, the survey station point being fixed on tube coupling constantly moves with tube coupling, in this stage Tunnel, measuring equipment is all arranged within the scope of head 140m, survey station point is still provided with forward sight prism and reference prism by the 2nd tunnel tube coupling inner chamber upper wall, in the end the last joint inner chamber upper wall of a joint is provided with rearscope arrangement, eliminated the vertical error that broken line that several total powerstations form causes, period measurement is about 42 seconds, measurement result is by total powerstation and wireless station, signal is transferred to industrial computer, industrial computer carries out finishing analysis by real time data automatically, form result parameter, feed back to push pipe head display screen, correction parameter in display screen helps push bench driver to make fast and accurately relative measure, thereby instruct jacking construction.
CN201410246863.7A 2014-06-05 2014-06-05 Automatic measurement and guidance system and automatic measurement and guidance method related to pipe pushing construction Active CN103994752B (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104251688A (en) * 2014-09-25 2014-12-31 陕西华山路桥工程有限公司 Method for linear directional measurement by utilizing laser in pipe jacking engineering
CN105202261A (en) * 2015-11-04 2015-12-30 上海十三冶建设有限公司 Device for measuring and controlling jacking direction during pipe jacking and usage method of device
CN106123776A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-11-16 上海市政建设有限公司 System and measuring method are measured in a kind of push pipe intelligence jacking
CN108334689A (en) * 2018-01-29 2018-07-27 四川科宏石油天然气工程有限公司 A kind of method of automatic realization pipeline longitudinal design
CN108625302A (en) * 2018-05-11 2018-10-09 东南大学 A kind of adjusting apparatus and its monitoring and control method of box culvert advancing head fall
CN110397789A (en) * 2019-07-08 2019-11-01 中铁创通建设集团有限公司 Artificial push pipe guiding pricker auxiliary device and its application method
CN111197486A (en) * 2020-01-18 2020-05-26 广州鑫唐夏信息科技有限公司 Push bench guiding method based on machine vision
CN112902845A (en) * 2021-03-04 2021-06-04 黄河勘测规划设计研究院有限公司 Track type automatic pipe jacking guiding method
CN114061650A (en) * 2021-09-22 2022-02-18 中国地质大学(武汉) Intelligent monitoring system and method for pipe jacking construction
CN114111759A (en) * 2021-11-04 2022-03-01 中国煤炭科工集团太原研究院有限公司 Mine positioning robot and positioning method

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CN103322989A (en) * 2013-06-06 2013-09-25 上海米度测量技术有限公司 Measuring device and method of dynamic real-time measurement of position and posture of pipe pushing jack
CN203422091U (en) * 2013-06-06 2014-02-05 上海米度测量技术有限公司 Device for dynamically measuring positions and attitudes of push bench in real time
CN204007587U (en) * 2014-06-05 2014-12-10 中铁上海工程局集团有限公司 A kind of automatic measurement guidance system about jacking construction

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CN1560434A (en) * 2004-02-18 2005-01-05 华中科技大学 Electronic laser target of tunnel digging construction guiding system
CN102937437A (en) * 2012-11-21 2013-02-20 中国铁建重工集团有限公司 Total station prism group, tube push bench guide system for tunnel construction and guide method of tube push bench guide system
CN103322989A (en) * 2013-06-06 2013-09-25 上海米度测量技术有限公司 Measuring device and method of dynamic real-time measurement of position and posture of pipe pushing jack
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CN204007587U (en) * 2014-06-05 2014-12-10 中铁上海工程局集团有限公司 A kind of automatic measurement guidance system about jacking construction

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104251688A (en) * 2014-09-25 2014-12-31 陕西华山路桥工程有限公司 Method for linear directional measurement by utilizing laser in pipe jacking engineering
CN105202261A (en) * 2015-11-04 2015-12-30 上海十三冶建设有限公司 Device for measuring and controlling jacking direction during pipe jacking and usage method of device
CN106123776B (en) * 2016-07-08 2019-03-01 上海市政建设有限公司 A kind of push pipe intelligence jacking measuring system and measurement method
CN106123776A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-11-16 上海市政建设有限公司 System and measuring method are measured in a kind of push pipe intelligence jacking
CN108334689B (en) * 2018-01-29 2021-11-09 四川科宏石油天然气工程有限公司 Method for automatically realizing longitudinal design of pipeline
CN108334689A (en) * 2018-01-29 2018-07-27 四川科宏石油天然气工程有限公司 A kind of method of automatic realization pipeline longitudinal design
CN108625302A (en) * 2018-05-11 2018-10-09 东南大学 A kind of adjusting apparatus and its monitoring and control method of box culvert advancing head fall
CN110397789A (en) * 2019-07-08 2019-11-01 中铁创通建设集团有限公司 Artificial push pipe guiding pricker auxiliary device and its application method
CN111197486A (en) * 2020-01-18 2020-05-26 广州鑫唐夏信息科技有限公司 Push bench guiding method based on machine vision
CN112902845A (en) * 2021-03-04 2021-06-04 黄河勘测规划设计研究院有限公司 Track type automatic pipe jacking guiding method
CN114061650A (en) * 2021-09-22 2022-02-18 中国地质大学(武汉) Intelligent monitoring system and method for pipe jacking construction
CN114061650B (en) * 2021-09-22 2023-01-17 中国地质大学(武汉) Intelligent monitoring system and method for pipe jacking construction
CN114111759A (en) * 2021-11-04 2022-03-01 中国煤炭科工集团太原研究院有限公司 Mine positioning robot and positioning method

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