CN103992019A - System for drying sludge by virtue of diversified heat energy - Google Patents

System for drying sludge by virtue of diversified heat energy Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103992019A
CN103992019A CN201410244903.4A CN201410244903A CN103992019A CN 103992019 A CN103992019 A CN 103992019A CN 201410244903 A CN201410244903 A CN 201410244903A CN 103992019 A CN103992019 A CN 103992019A
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China
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mud
sludge
mummification
drying
paving
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CN201410244903.4A
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CN103992019B (en
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宋雷震
吕东芳
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Individual
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/30Wastewater or sewage treatment systems using renewable energies
    • Y02W10/37Wastewater or sewage treatment systems using renewable energies using solar energy

Abstract

The invention discloses a system for drying sludge by virtue of diversified heat energy. The system comprises a sludge drying platform and a drying chamber body which is arranged on the sludge drying platform in a closed manner and is sealed with the sludge drying platform, wherein the drying chamber body is provided with a heat energy storage device, a gas circulation device and a sludge receiving and conveying device; the sludge drying platform comprises a sludge spreading table and a geothermal heating device arranged at the bottom of the sludge spreading table; the drying chamber body is also provided with a sludge inlet and a dry sludge outlet, the sludge inlet is connected with an external sludge conveying device, and the dry sludge outlet is connected with an external dry sludge conveying device. According to the technical scheme of the invention, the environmental pollution caused by toxic gas, generated in a sludge drying process, discharged to the atmosphere is avoided; sludge is arranged on the sludge spreading table; the sludge drying cycle is shortened and the drying efficiency is improved through the geothermal heating device at the bottom of the sludge spreading table and the gas circulation device of the drying chamber body; due to the sludge receiving and conveying device, the manual intervention in a drying process is avoided, the drying efficiency is improved, and the drying process is safe.

Description

A kind of system of utilizing diversification heat energy sludge-drying
Technical field
The invention belongs to heat energy utilization field, more particularly, the present invention relates to a kind of system of utilizing diversification heat energy sludge-drying.
Background technology
Mud is the product after sewage disposal, is a kind of extremely complicated heterogeneous body being comprised of organic relic, bacterium thalline, inorganic particle, colloid etc.; Mud by sources divides and mainly contains sanitary sewage mud, industrial wastewater sludge and give sewage sludge, the main characteristic of mud is that water ratio is high, can be up to more than 90%, organic content is high, easily corruption is smelly, and particle is thinner, and proportion is less, be gluey liquid, be the concentrated thing between liquid and solid, can transport with pump, but it is difficult to carry out solid-liquid separation by sedimentation; After drying sludge, be extraordinary material of construction weighting material, after mummification, there is certain calorific value, add in flyash and make burning block, can reduce coal-fired demand; But, drying sludge exists that evaporation periods is long, resource consumption large, mummification degree is undesirable, discharge the shortcomings such as a large amount of toxic gases during mummification, makes its seasoning, if piled up in dry process, by discharging a large amount of toxic gases, comprising methane, hydrogen sulfide He dioxin.
Chinese patent zl201020130804.0, initiatively sun power sludge drying chamber of a kind of multilayer is disclosed, the technical scheme of this patent is the space that adopts sealing, top of space gathers sun power as drying source, in space, adopt Multi-layer separated layer tiling mud, but the technical scheme of this patent is that the gas that drying process is produced enters atmosphere by pipeline, causes toxic gas contaminate environment.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide a kind of gas of avoiding drying process to produce and enters the system of utilizing diversification heat energy sludge-drying that atmosphere causes toxic gas contaminate environment.
To achieve these goals, the technical scheme that the present invention takes is: a kind of system of utilizing diversification heat energy sludge-drying providing, comprise sludge drying platform and sealing thereon and mummification its sealing chamber body, this mummification chamber body is provided with thermal energy storage device, gas-recycling plant and mud transmit receive unit; This sludge drying platform comprises mud tiling platform and is placed in the geothermal heating device of mud tiling platform bottom; This mummification chamber body is also provided with mud entrance and the outlet of mummification mud, and mud entrance is connected with external sludge conveyer, and the outlet of mummification mud is connected with external mummification e Foerderanlage.
A kind of system of utilizing diversification heat energy sludge-drying provided by the invention, mummification chamber body comprises mummification chamber stake body and is placed in sidewall and the ceiling on the stake body of mummification chamber, this mummification chamber stake body is provided with the lower bracket of rectangle and the upper bracket that is ridge shape being connected as a single entity with lower bracket, sidewall is fixed in lower bracket, and the upper bracket of ridge shape covers ceiling; Described mud entrance and the setting of mummification mud outlet diagonal lines, wherein mud entrance is placed in the ceiling place of upper bracket, the outlet of mummification mud is placed near mummification platform place, wherein external sludge conveyer comprises that one end is connected the first extrusion machine with mud inlet seal, the other end of the first extrusion machine and sludge storage mud box are tightly connected, external mummification e Foerderanlage comprises the second extrusion machine that one end is connected with mummification mud exit seal, and the other end of the second extrusion machine and mummification mud storage mud box are tightly connected; Described thermal energy storage device be respectively with the retractable solar heat radiation reflective thermal-insulating curtain of the inner side laminating of sidewall and ceiling, material is glass fibre or the trevira that scribbles thermal radiation reflectance coating, and coupling end and the mummification chamber stake body of solar heat radiation reflective thermal-insulating curtain removably connect; The lateral sidewalls inner side of described lower bracket and upper bracket junction is respectively arranged with water of condensation drainage trough, and this water of condensation drainage trough is obliquely installed.
A kind of system of utilizing diversification heat energy sludge-drying provided by the invention, gas-recycling plant comprises hot-wind inlet and the wet wind outlet arranging respectively on the sidewall that is placed in the indoor internal recycle convection flow fan of sludge drying and is placed in lower bracket, hot-wind inlet is connected with one end of external convective heat exchange machine by pipeline, and the other end of convective heat exchange machine is connected with wet wind outlet by pipeline; Internal recycle convection flow fan is two, is embedded in respectively on the sidewall and ceiling of homonymy; The body of wall of lower bracket is also provided with a plurality of normally closed vent fans near mummification platform place; The ceiling that described upper bracket covers is also provided with maintenance exhausting window.
A kind of system of utilizing diversification heat energy sludge-drying provided by the invention, the geothermal heating device of sludge drying platform comprises thermal source transmodulator and heating tube, thermal source transmodulator is provided with magnetic valve, temperature and pressure transmitter, magnetic valve is connected with heating tube, heating tube one end is provided with entrance, the other end is provided with outlet, and inlet end is connected with temperature and pressure transmitter respectively with exit end.
A kind of system of utilizing diversification heat energy sludge-drying provided by the invention, the stake body with column is set on mummification platform, stake body arranges belt transmission, described mud transmit receive unit comprises parallel axis one and the axis two that is placed in stake body both sides respectively that belt transmission drives, mud paving mud bucket is set between this axis one and axis two, the mud extraction device that mud paving mud bucket has by it is laid on mud tiling platform surface by mud, axis one is provided with mud and throws turning-up devices, axis two is provided with dry mud material collecting device, the bottom of mud paving mud bucket arranges chassis, the mummification platform surface of tray bottom is also provided with the guide rail that mud paving mud bucket moves along it, the moving member that chassis has is walked along guide rail, described guide rail is to lay along mud tiling platform surface longitudinal both sides of the edge, this moving member is to be symmetrically placed in the wheel that tray bottom is walked at guide rail by motor-driven, the contact surface of this chassis and mud paving mud bottom of the barrel is provided with gear shaft, and gear shaft transmission drives mud paving mud bucket and chassis to do relatively moving perpendicular to stake body axis.
A kind of system of utilizing diversification heat energy sludge-drying provided by the invention, the mud extraction device of mud paving mud bucket comprises the scraper plate of the transmission shaft, the mud mouth of mud paving mud bottom of the barrel and the transmission shaft drive at mud mouth place that are placed in mud paving mud bucket, the mud mouth of mud paving mud bucket is a plurality of, is distributed in the bottom of mud paving mud bucket; The gear teeth that the gear shaft that wherein chassis arranges has and mud mouth engagement drive mud paving mud bucket and chassis to relatively move.
A kind of system of utilizing diversification heat energy sludge-drying provided by the invention, mud is thrown turning-up devices and is comprised the rectangle support being connected with axis one, and the both sides of this rectangle support are provided with many group throwings and turn over part, the dead in line of the axis of rectangle support and axis one.
A kind of system of utilizing diversification heat energy sludge-drying provided by the invention, the A-frame that part comprises that top is connected with rectangle support is turned in throwing, the axis of rolling that the transmission chain parcel that this A-frame is sealing is positioned at an Atria summit forms, the axis of rolling on the top of A-frame is connected with the side of rectangle support one end by bearing, the axis of rolling of A-frame dual-side bottom drives respectively the rotating blade that is circle distribution, the fluid pressure drive device on the chassis that wherein transmission chain of A-frame one side has by hinge and mud paving mud bucket is hinged, the flexible drive transmission chain to-and-fro movement of fluid pressure drive device.
A kind of system of utilizing diversification heat energy sludge-drying provided by the invention, mud is thrown turning-up devices and is also provided with pressurized air discharge line, discharge line is the sidewall that is detachably connected on mud paving mud bucket, pipeline is flexible pipe, one end and external air compressor are affixed, air vout is facing to the mud mouth of mud paving mud bucket, and discharge line is a plurality of, is distributed in mud paving mud bucket both sides.
A kind of system of utilizing diversification heat energy sludge-drying provided by the invention, dry mud material collecting device comprises the screw blade that two ends are connected with stake body respectively, screw blade rotates around axis two.
Adopt a kind of system of utilizing diversification heat energy sludge-drying provided by the present invention, comprise sludge drying platform and sealing thereon and mummification its sealing chamber body, this mummification chamber body is provided with thermal energy storage device, gas-recycling plant and mud transmit receive unit; This mummification chamber body is also provided with mud entrance and the outlet of mummification mud, and mud entrance is connected with external sludge conveyer, and the outlet of mummification mud is connected with external mummification e Foerderanlage; This sludge drying platform comprises mud tiling platform and is placed in the geothermal heating device of mud tiling platform bottom; Sludge drying platform and the sealing of mummification chamber body, the gas of avoiding producing in mud drying process enters atmosphere and causes toxic gas contaminate environment, mud is placed in to mud tiling platform, by mud, tile the geothermal heating device of platform bottom and the cycle that mummification chamber body arranges gas-recycling plant reduction sludge drying, improve mummification efficiency, the setting of mud transmit receive unit, drying process is avoided manpower intervention, improve mummification efficiency, guarantee the safety of drying process.
Mummification chamber body comprises mummification chamber stake body and is placed in sidewall and the ceiling on the stake body of mummification chamber, this mummification chamber stake body is provided with the lower bracket of rectangle and the upper bracket that is ridge shape being connected as a single entity with lower bracket, sidewall is fixed in lower bracket, and the upper bracket of ridge shape covers ceiling, described mud entrance and the setting of mummification mud outlet diagonal lines, wherein mud entrance is placed in sidewall near upper bracket place, and the outlet of mummification mud is placed near mummification platform place, and mud entrance and the outlet of mummification mud are tightly connected with the first external extrusion machine respectively, described thermal energy storage device be respectively with the retractable solar heat radiation reflective thermal-insulating curtain of the inner side laminating of sidewall and ceiling, material is glass fibre or the trevira that scribbles thermal radiation reflectance coating, and coupling end and the mummification chamber stake body of solar heat radiation reflective thermal-insulating curtain removably connect, the lateral sidewalls inner side of described lower bracket and upper bracket junction is respectively arranged with water of condensation drainage trough, this water of condensation drainage trough is obliquely installed, sidewall adopts part sunlight board and double glazing colourless and that have a heat absorbing coating to form, guarantee the abundant transmission of sunlight on daytime, make full use of natural energy resources, the inner side of sidewall and the ceiling solar heat radiation reflective thermal-insulating curtain of fitting respectively, the one side of ceiling and sidewall Chaoyang is used for absorbing sun power, utilize to greatest extent sun power, and one side backlight can be enabled as required, guarantee the insulation of mummification chamber interior, the coupling end of solar heat radiation reflective thermal-insulating curtain arranges bead structure of rolling, facilitate the folding and unfolding of solar heat radiation reflective thermal-insulating curtain, easy to operate, mud entrance and the setting of mummification mud outlet diagonal lines, wherein mud entrance is placed in the ceiling place of upper bracket, increases the drop of mud, avoids mud to pile up and stops up mud entrance, the outlet of mummification mud is placed near mummification platform place, facilitates mud to enter mummification mud is extruded, mud entrance and the outlet of mummification mud are tightly connected with the first external extrusion machine respectively, realize power operation, avoid artificial contact to cause the injury of toxic gas, the inside sidewalls of described lower bracket and junction, upper bracket place is also provided with water of condensation drainage trough, this drainage trough is obliquely installed, upper bracket is set to ridge shape, facilitate the gathering of ceiling water of condensation, water of condensation flows along the ceiling tilting after assembling, inside sidewalls in lower bracket and junction, upper bracket place arranges water of condensation drainage trough, by the mobile condensation water collection of the ceiling along tilting to water of condensation drainage trough, water of condensation drainage trough is obliquely installed, facilitate water of condensation to discharge as early as possible mummification chamber, improve mummification efficiency, gas-recycling plant comprises the internal recycle convection flow fan being placed in sludge drying and is placed in hot-wind inlet and the wet wind outlet arranging respectively on the sidewall of lower bracket, hot-wind inlet is connected with one end of external convective heat exchange machine by pipeline, and the other end of convective heat exchange machine is connected with wet wind outlet by pipeline, internal recycle convection flow fan is two, is embedded in respectively on the sidewall and ceiling of homonymy, the body of wall of lower bracket is also provided with a plurality of normally closed vent fans near mummification platform place, the ceiling that described upper bracket covers is also provided with maintenance exhausting window, pass through gas-recycling plant, with damp and hot wind form, take the moisture of evaporation out of anhydration system, by convective heat exchange machine, accelerate the convection current of gas in mummification chamber, making condensation vapor in mummification chamber is that liquid water is gathered in water of condensation drainage trough as early as possible outside outflow system, effectively improves sludge drying speed, the setting of a plurality of normally closed vent fans, when mummification chamber gas contains harmful ingredients within the scope of discharge, opens vent fan gaseous interchange is carried out in mummification chamber.
The geothermal heating device of sludge drying platform comprises thermal source transmodulator and heating tube, thermal source transmodulator is provided with magnetic valve, temperature and pressure transmitter, and magnetic valve is connected with heating tube, and heating tube one end is provided with entrance, the other end is provided with outlet, and inlet end is connected with temperature and pressure transmitter respectively with exit end; Can utilize diversification thermal source, comprise the heat energy such as sun power, cooling water of thermoelectric plant, middle hydro-thermal energy, air energy and combustion matchmaker heat energy, in use, according to the degree selectivity of the variation of environment and sludge drying, use a certain or several thermals source, by temperature and pressure transmitter, can grasp Heating temperature, also can grasp to some extent heating tube internal pressure simultaneously, heating tube is positioned at platform below, homogeneous heating, the efficiency that guarantees sludge drying, has overcome prior art and has had the defect that energy consumption is high, effect is undesirable.
The stake body with column is set on mummification platform, stake body arranges belt transmission, described mud transmit receive unit comprises parallel axis one and the axis two that is placed in stake body both sides respectively that belt transmission drives, mud paving mud bucket is set between this axis one and axis two, the mud extraction device that mud paving mud bucket has by it is laid on mud tiling platform surface by mud, axis one is provided with mud and throws turning-up devices, axis two is provided with dry mud material collecting device, the bottom of mud paving mud bucket arranges chassis, the mummification platform surface of tray bottom is also provided with the guide rail that mud paving mud bucket moves along it, the moving member that chassis has is walked along guide rail, this moving member is to be symmetrically placed in the wheel that tray bottom is walked at guide rail by motor-driven, the contact surface of this chassis and mud paving mud bottom of the barrel is provided with gear shaft, gear shaft transmission drives mud paving mud bucket and chassis to relatively move, mud is thrown turning-up devices and is comprised the rectangle support being connected with axis one, the both sides of this rectangle support are provided with many group throwings and turn over part, the dead in line of the axis of rectangle support and axis one, mud is thrown turning-up devices and is comprised the rectangle support being connected with axis one, the both sides of this rectangle support are provided with many group throwings and turn over part, the dead in line of the axis of rectangle support and axis one, the A-frame that part comprises that top is connected with rectangle support is turned in throwing, the axis of rolling that the transmission chain parcel that this A-frame is sealing is positioned at an Atria summit forms, the axis of rolling on the top of A-frame is connected with the side of rectangle support one end by bearing, the axis of rolling of A-frame dual-side bottom drives respectively the rotating blade that is circle distribution, the fluid pressure drive device on the chassis that wherein transmission chain of A-frame one side has by hinge and mud paving mud bucket is hinged, the flexible drive transmission chain to-and-fro movement of fluid pressure drive device, the setting of mud transmit receive unit, realize mummification chamber mud drying process in the power operation of enclosed environment, avoid the leakage contaminate environment of toxic gas in drying process, operation of equipment simultaneously, working efficiency is high, mud is thrown the setting of turning-up devices, and convenient machinery is laid in mud tiling platform surface by mud, is heated evenly, and mummification efficiency is high, mud is thrown turning-up devices and is also provided with pressurized air discharge line, discharge line is the sidewall that is detachably connected on mud paving mud bucket, pipeline is flexible pipe, one end and external air compressor are affixed, and air vout is facing to the mud mouth of mud paving mud bucket, and discharge line is a plurality of, be distributed in mud paving mud bucket both sides, force blowing, coordinate gas-recycling plant to accelerate flowing of gas, improve mummification efficiency, dry mud material collecting device comprises the screw blade that two ends are connected with stake body respectively, and screw blade rotates around axis two, the setting of dry mud material collecting device, facilitate the indoor collection that reaches the mummification mud of mummification standard of mummification, improve the efficiency of working continuously in mummification chamber, screw blade rotates around axis two, will reach the mummification mud of mummification standard release mud tiling platform and be outwards squeezed to the outlet of mummification mud, the one the second extrusion machines that connect by mummification mud exit seal are collected into mummification mud storage mud box by mummification mud.
Below with reference to drawings and Examples, the present invention is described in detail.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below the expressed content of each width accompanying drawing of this specification sheets and the mark in figure are briefly described:
Fig. 1 is a kind of schematic diagram that utilizes the system of diversification heat energy sludge-drying of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is that the A-A of a kind of system of utilizing diversification heat energy sludge-drying of the present invention shown in Fig. 1 is to sectional view;
Fig. 3 is a kind of schematic diagram that utilizes the system frame body of diversification heat energy sludge-drying of the present invention shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is that a kind of system frame body mud of diversification heat energy sludge-drying that utilizes of the present invention shown in Fig. 3 is thrown the schematic diagram of turning-up devices;
Fig. 5 is a kind of schematic diagram that utilizes the system underground heat heating unit heating tube of diversification heat energy sludge-drying of the present invention shown in Fig. 2.
In figure, be labeled as: 1, lower bracket; 2, upper bracket; 3, solar heat radiation reflective thermal-insulating curtain; 4, mud entrance; 5, sidewall; 6, ceiling; 7, wet wind outlet; 8, hot-wind inlet; 9, vent fan; 10, mummification mud outlet; 11, internal recycle convection flow fan; 12, heating tube; 13, the second extrusion machine; 131, the first extrusion machine; 14, maintenance exhausting window; 15, water of condensation drainage trough; 16, sludge storage mud box; 17, mummification mud storage mud box; 18, air circulation device; 19, mud tiling platform; 20, stake body; 21, guide rail; 22, mud paving mud bucket; 23, mud mouth; 24, screw blade; 25, axis two; 26, throw and turn over part; 27, axis one; 28, belt transmission; 29, rectangle support; 30, scraper plate; 31, rotating blade; 32, the axis of rolling; 33, A-frame; 34, fluid pressure drive device; 35, chassis; 36, transmission shaft; 37, thermal source transmodulator; 38, inlet end; 39, exit end; 40, magnetic valve; 41, temperature and pressure transmitter.
Embodiment
Contrast accompanying drawing below, by the description to embodiment, to the specific embodiment of the present invention as the effect of the mutual alignment between the shape of each related member, structure, each several part and annexation, each several part and principle of work, manufacturing process and operation using method etc., be described in further detail, to help those skilled in the art to have more complete, accurate and deep understanding to inventive concept of the present invention, technical scheme.
Fig. 1 is a kind of front view that utilizes the system of diversification heat energy sludge-drying of the present invention; Fig. 2 is that the A-A of a kind of system of utilizing diversification heat energy sludge-drying of the present invention shown in Fig. 1 is to sectional view; The present invention is as shown in the figure a kind of system of utilizing diversification heat energy sludge-drying, comprise sludge drying platform and sealing thereon and mummification its sealing chamber body, this mummification chamber body is provided with thermal energy storage device, gas-recycling plant and mud transmit receive unit; This sludge drying platform comprises mud tiling platform 19 and is placed in the geothermal heating device of mud tiling platform 19 bottoms; This mummification chamber body is also provided with mud entrance 4 and mummification mud outlet 10, and mud entrance 4 is connected with external sludge conveyer, and mummification mud outlet 10 is connected with external mummification e Foerderanlage; Sludge drying platform and the sealing of mummification chamber body, the gas of avoiding producing in mud drying process enters atmosphere and causes toxic gas contaminate environment, mud is placed in to mud tiling platform 19, by mud, tile the cycle that gas-recycling plant that the geothermal heating device of platform 19 bottoms and mummification chamber body arrange reduces sludge drying, improve mummification efficiency, the setting of mud transmit receive unit, drying process is avoided manpower intervention, improve mummification efficiency, guarantee the safety of drying process.
Mummification chamber body comprises mummification chamber stake body and is placed in sidewall 5 and the ceiling 6 on stake body, this mummification chamber stake body is provided with the lower bracket 1 of rectangle and the upper bracket that is ridge shape 2 being connected as a single entity with lower bracket 1, sidewall 5 is fixed in lower bracket 1, and the upper bracket 2 of ridge shape covers ceiling 6, mud entrance 4 and mummification mud export 10 diagonal lines settings, wherein mud entrance 4 is placed in the ceiling place of upper bracket 2, mummification mud outlet 10 is placed near mummification platform place, wherein external sludge conveyer comprises one end and mud entrance 4 first extrusion machine 131 that is tightly connected, the other end of the first extrusion machine 131 and sludge storage mud box 16 are tightly connected, external mummification e Foerderanlage comprises that the other end of one end and mummification mud outlet 10 the second extrusion machine 13, the second extrusion machines 13 that are tightly connected and mummification mud storage mud box 17 are tightly connected, thermal energy storage device be respectively with the retractable solar heat radiation reflective thermal-insulating curtain 3 of the inner side laminating of sidewall 5 and ceiling 6, material is glass fibre or the trevira that scribbles thermal radiation reflectance coating, and coupling end and the mummification chamber stake body of solar heat radiation reflective thermal-insulating curtain 3 removably connect, sidewall 5 adopts parts sunlight board and double glazing colourless and that have a heat absorbing coating to form, guarantee the abundant transmission of sunlight on daytime, make full use of natural energy resources, the inner side of sidewall 5 and the ceiling 6 solar heat radiation reflective thermal-insulating curtain 3 of fitting respectively, the one side of ceiling 6 and sidewall 5 Chaoyang is used for absorbing sun power, utilize to greatest extent sun power, and one side backlight can be enabled as required, guarantee the insulation of mummification chamber interior, the coupling end of solar heat radiation reflective thermal-insulating curtain 3 arranges bead structure of rolling, facilitate the folding and unfolding of solar heat radiation reflective thermal-insulating curtain 3, easy to operate, mud entrance 4 and mummification mud export 10 diagonal lines settings, and wherein mud entrance 4 is placed in ceiling 6 places of upper bracket, increase the drop of mud, avoid mud to pile up and stop up mud entrance 4, mummification mud outlet 10 is placed near mummification platform place, facilitates mud to enter mummification mud is extruded, mud entrance 4 and mummification mud outlet 10 are tightly connected with external the first extrusion machine 131, the second extrusion machine 13 respectively, realize power operation, avoid artificial contact to cause the injury of toxic gas, lower bracket 1 is respectively arranged with water of condensation drainage trough 15 with lateral sidewalls 5 inner sides of upper bracket 2 junctions, and this water of condensation drainage trough 15 is obliquely installed, upper bracket 2 is set to ridge shape, facilitate the gathering of ceiling 6 water of condensation, water of condensation flows along the ceiling 6 tilting after assembling, in lower bracket 1 and sidewall 5 inner sides of upper bracket 2 junctions, place, water of condensation drainage trough 15 is set, by the mobile condensation water collection of the ceiling 6 along tilting to water of condensation drainage trough 15, water of condensation drainage trough 15 is obliquely installed, and facilitates water of condensation to discharge as early as possible mummification chamber, improves mummification efficiency.
Gas-recycling plant comprises hot-wind inlet 8 and the wet wind outlet 7 arranging respectively on the sidewall 5 that is placed in the indoor internal recycle convection flow fan of sludge drying 11 and is placed in lower bracket 1, hot-wind inlet 8 is connected with one end of external convective heat exchange machine by pipeline, and the other end of convective heat exchange machine is connected by pipeline and wet wind outlet 7; Internal recycle convection flow fan 11 is two, is embedded in respectively on the sidewall 5 and ceiling 6 of homonymy; The sidewall 5 of lower bracket 1 is also provided with a plurality of normally closed vent fans 9 near mummification platform place; The ceiling 6 that upper bracket 2 covers is also provided with maintenance exhausting window 14; Pass through gas-recycling plant, with damp and hot wind form, take the moisture of evaporation out of anhydration system, by convective heat exchange machine, accelerate the convection current of gas in mummification chamber, making condensation vapor in mummification chamber is that liquid water is gathered in water of condensation drainage trough 15 as early as possible outside outflow system, effectively improves sludge drying speed; The setting of a plurality of normally closed vent fans 9, when mummification chamber gas contains harmful ingredients within the scope of discharge, opens 9 pairs of mummification chambers of vent fan and carries out gaseous interchange.
Fig. 5 is a kind of schematic diagram that utilizes the system underground heat heating unit heating tube of diversification heat energy sludge-drying of the present invention shown in Fig. 2; The present invention is as shown in the figure that a kind of geothermal heating device of sludge drying platform of the system of utilizing diversification heat energy sludge-drying comprises thermal source transmodulator 37 and heating tube 12, thermal source transmodulator 37 is provided with magnetic valve 40, temperature and pressure transmitter 41, magnetic valve is connected with heating tube 12, heating tube 12 one end are provided with entrance, the other end is provided with outlet, and inlet end 38 is connected with temperature and pressure transmitter 41 respectively with exit end 39; Can utilize diversification thermal source, comprise the heat energy such as sun power, cooling water of thermoelectric plant, middle hydro-thermal energy, air energy and combustion matchmaker heat energy, in use, according to the degree selectivity of the variation of environment and sludge drying, use a certain or several thermals source, by temperature and pressure transmitter 41, can grasp Heating temperature, also can grasp to some extent heating tube internal pressure simultaneously, heating tube 12 is positioned at platform below, homogeneous heating, the efficiency that guarantees sludge drying, has overcome prior art and has had the defect that energy consumption is high, effect is undesirable.
Fig. 3 is a kind of schematic diagram that utilizes the system frame body of diversification heat energy sludge-drying of the present invention shown in Fig. 1, the present invention as shown in the figure arranges the stake body 20 with column on a kind of mummification platform of the system of utilizing diversification heat energy sludge-drying, stake body 20 arranges belt transmission 28, mud transmit receive unit comprises parallel axis 1 and the axis 2 25 that is placed in stake body both sides respectively that belt transmission 28 drives, mud paving mud bucket 22 is set between this axis 1 and axis 2 25, the mud extraction device that mud paving mud bucket 22 has by it is laid on mud tiling platform 19 surfaces by mud, wherein axis 1 is provided with mud and throws turning-up devices, axis 2 25 is provided with dry mud material collecting device, mud extraction device comprises the scraper plate 30 of the transmission shaft 36, the mud paving mud mouth 23 of mud bucket 22 bottoms and 36 drives of the transmission shaft at mud mouth 23 places that are placed in mud paving mud bucket 22, and the mud mouth 23 of mud paving mud bucket is a plurality of, is distributed in the bottom of mud paving mud bucket 22, the bottom of this mud paving mud bucket 22 arranges chassis 35, the gear teeth that the gear shaft that wherein chassis 35 arranges has and mud mouth 23 engagements drive mud paving mud bucket 22 to relatively move with chassis 35, specifically, this chassis 35 is also provided with the contact surface of mud paving mud bucket 22 bottoms the gear shaft being driven by hydraulic efficiency plant, and gear shaft rotarily drives mud paving mud bucket 22 and laterally relatively moves with chassis 35, mud tiling platform 19 surfaces of 35 bottoms, chassis are also provided with the guide rail 21 that mud paving mud bucket 22 moves along it, the moving member that 35 bottoms, chassis have is along guide rail 21 walkings, guide rail 21 is to lay along mud tiling platform 19 surface longitudinal both sides of the edge, and moving member is to be symmetrically placed in the wheel of walking at guide rail 21 by motor-driven in 35 bottoms, chassis.
Fig. 4 is that a kind of system frame body mud of diversification heat energy sludge-drying that utilizes of the present invention shown in Fig. 3 is thrown the schematic diagram of turning-up devices, the present invention is as shown in the figure that a kind of mud throwing turning-up devices of the system of diversification heat energy sludge-drying of utilizing comprises the rectangle support 29 being connected with axis 1, the both sides of this rectangle support 29 are provided with many group throwings and turn over part 26, the dead in line of the axis of rectangle support 29 and axis 1, the A-frame that part 26 comprises that top is connected with rectangle support 29 is turned in throwing, the axis of rolling 32 that the transmission chain parcel that this A-frame 33 is sealing is positioned at an Atria summit forms, the axis of rolling 32 on the top of A-frame 33 is connected with the side of rectangle support 29 one end by bearing, the axis of rolling 32 of A-frame 33 dual-side bottoms drives respectively the rotating blade 31 that is circle distribution, the fluid pressure drive device 34 on the chassis 35 that wherein transmission chain of A-frame 33 1 sides has by hinge and mud paving mud bucket 22 is hinged, the flexible drive transmission chain to-and-fro movement of fluid pressure drive device 34, specifically, the expansion link of fluid pressure drive device 34 drives transmission chain 35 direction motions to chassis while stretching out, the expansion link of fluid pressure drive device 34 drives transmission chain to move to A-frame 33 top orientation while bouncing back, transmission chain to-and-fro movement, 31 motions of driven rotary blade, the setting of mud transmit receive unit, realizes mummification chamber mud drying process in the power operation of enclosed environment, avoids the leakage contaminate environment of toxic gas in drying process, operation of equipment simultaneously, and working efficiency is high, mud is thrown the setting of turning-up devices, and convenient machinery is laid in mud tiling platform 19 surfaces by mud, is heated evenly, and mummification efficiency is high.
Mud is thrown turning-up devices and is also provided with pressurized air discharge line, discharge line is the sidewall that is detachably connected on mud paving mud bucket 22, pipeline is flexible pipe, one end and external air compressor are affixed, air vout is facing to the mud mouth 23 of mud paving mud bucket 22, discharge line is a plurality of, is distributed in mud paving mud bucket 22 both sides.
Dry mud material collecting device comprises the screw blade 24 that two ends are connected with stake body 20 respectively, and screw blade 24 rotates around axis 2 25; The setting of dry mud material collecting device, facilitate the indoor collection that reaches the mummification mud of mummification standard of mummification, improve the efficiency of working continuously in mummification chamber, screw blade 24 rotates around axis 2 25, the mummification mud that reaches mummification standard is released to mud tiling platform and is outwards squeezed to mummification mud outlet 10, by mummification mud outlet 10 the second extrusion machines 13 that are tightly connected, mummification mud is collected into mummification mud storage mud box 17.
During use, mud is placed in to the sludge storage mud box 16 of sealing, by the first extrusion machine 131, mud is clamp-oned the mud paving mud bucket 22 of mummification chamber setting from mud entrance 4, mud paving mud bucket 22 exports 10 directions with chassis 35 along guide rail 21 to mummification mud and longitudinally slides, when mud paving mud bucket 22 longitudinally slides, chassis 35 rotates with the gear shaft of the contact surface of mud paving mud bucket 22 bottoms, drive mud paving mud bucket 22 to do relatively moving perpendicular to stake body 20 axis with chassis 35, the mud mouth 23 of mud paving mud bucket 22 is a plurality of, be distributed in the bottom of mud paving mud bucket 22, the gear teeth that the gear shaft of chassis 35 and the 22 contact surface settings of mud paving mud bucket has and mud mouth 23 engagements drive horizontal the relatively moving of mud paving mud buckets 22 and chassis 35 that mud is laid in to mud tiling platform 19, when mud paving mud bucket 22 vertically moves along guide rail 21, the parcel A-frame 33 transmission chain rotations that part 26 has are turned in throwing, drive respectively rotating blade 31 throwings that are circle distribution to turn over mud, the mummification of accelerate sludge, when mud paving mud bucket 22 vertically moves, axis 2 25 rotates and drives screw blade 24, the mummification mud that reaches mummification standard is released to mud tiling platform and is outwards squeezed to mummification mud outlet 10, by mummification mud outlet 10 the second extrusion machines 131 that are tightly connected, mummification mud is collected into mummification mud storage mud box 17, completes the mummification of mud.
By reference to the accompanying drawings the present invention is exemplarily described above; obviously specific implementation of the present invention is not subject to the restrictions described above; as long as adopted the improvement of the various unsubstantialities that method of the present invention design and technical scheme carry out; or without improving, design of the present invention and technical scheme are directly applied to other occasion, all within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a system of utilizing diversification heat energy sludge-drying, is characterized in that: comprise sludge drying platform and sealing thereon and mummification its sealing chamber body, this mummification chamber body is provided with thermal energy storage device, gas-recycling plant and mud transmit receive unit; This sludge drying platform comprises mud tiling platform and is placed in the geothermal heating device of mud tiling platform bottom; This mummification chamber body is also provided with mud entrance and the outlet of mummification mud, and mud entrance is connected with external sludge conveyer, and the outlet of mummification mud is connected with external mummification e Foerderanlage.
2. according to the system of utilizing diversification heat energy sludge-drying claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described mummification chamber body comprises mummification chamber stake body and is placed in sidewall and the ceiling on the stake body of mummification chamber, this mummification chamber stake body is provided with the lower bracket of rectangle and the upper bracket that is ridge shape being connected as a single entity with lower bracket, sidewall is fixed in lower bracket, and the upper bracket of ridge shape covers ceiling; Described mud entrance and the setting of mummification mud outlet diagonal lines, wherein mud entrance is placed in upper bracket ceiling place, the outlet of mummification mud is placed near mummification platform place, wherein external sludge conveyer comprises that one end is connected the first extrusion machine with mud inlet seal, the other end of the first extrusion machine and sludge storage mud box are tightly connected, external mummification e Foerderanlage comprises the second extrusion machine that one end is connected with mummification mud exit seal, and the other end of the second extrusion machine and mummification mud storage mud box are tightly connected; Described thermal energy storage device be respectively with the retractable solar heat radiation reflective thermal-insulating curtain of the inner side laminating of sidewall and ceiling, material is glass fibre or the trevira that scribbles thermal radiation reflectance coating, and coupling end and the mummification chamber stake body of solar heat radiation reflective thermal-insulating curtain removably connect; The lateral sidewalls inner side of described lower bracket and upper bracket junction is respectively arranged with water of condensation drainage trough, and this water of condensation drainage trough is obliquely installed.
3. according to the system of utilizing diversification heat energy sludge-drying claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described gas-recycling plant comprises hot-wind inlet and the wet wind outlet arranging respectively on the sidewall that is placed in the indoor internal recycle convection flow fan of sludge drying and is placed in lower bracket, hot-wind inlet is connected with one end of external convective heat exchange machine by pipeline, and the other end of convective heat exchange machine is connected with wet wind outlet by pipeline; Internal recycle convection flow fan is two, is embedded in respectively on the sidewall and ceiling of homonymy; The body of wall of lower bracket is also provided with a plurality of normally closed vent fans near mummification platform place; The ceiling that described upper bracket covers is also provided with maintenance exhausting window.
4. according to the system of utilizing diversification heat energy sludge-drying claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the geothermal heating device of described sludge drying platform comprises thermal source transmodulator and heating tube, thermal source transmodulator is provided with magnetic valve, temperature and pressure transmitter, magnetic valve is connected with heating tube, heating tube one end is provided with entrance, the other end is provided with outlet, and inlet end is connected with temperature and pressure transmitter respectively with exit end.
5. according to the system of utilizing diversification heat energy sludge-drying claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the stake body with column is set on described mummification platform, stake body arranges belt transmission, described mud transmit receive unit comprises parallel axis one and the axis two that is placed in stake body both sides respectively that belt transmission drives, mud paving mud bucket is set between this axis one and axis two, the mud extraction device that mud paving mud bucket has by it is laid on mud tiling platform surface by mud, wherein axis one is provided with mud and throws turning-up devices, and axis two is provided with dry mud material collecting device; The bottom of this mud paving mud bucket arranges chassis, the mud tiling platform surface of tray bottom is also provided with the guide rail that mud paving mud bucket moves along it, the moving member that tray bottom has is walked along guide rail, described guide rail is to lay along mud tiling platform surface longitudinal both sides of the edge, and this moving member is to be symmetrically placed in the wheel that tray bottom is walked at guide rail by motor-driven; The contact surface of this chassis and mud paving mud bottom of the barrel is also provided with gear shaft, and gear shaft transmission drives mud paving mud bucket and chassis to do relatively moving perpendicular to stake body axis.
6. according to the system of utilizing diversification heat energy sludge-drying claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that: the mud extraction device of described mud paving mud bucket comprises the scraper plate of the transmission shaft, the mud mouth of mud paving mud bottom of the barrel and the transmission shaft drive at mud mouth place that are placed in mud paving mud bucket, the mud mouth of mud paving mud bucket is a plurality of, is distributed in the bottom of mud paving mud bucket; The gear teeth that the gear shaft that wherein chassis arranges has and mud mouth engagement drive mud paving mud bucket and chassis to relatively move.
7. according to the system of utilizing diversification heat energy sludge-drying claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that: described mud is thrown turning-up devices and comprised the rectangle support being connected with axis one, the both sides of this rectangle support are provided with many group throwings and turn over part, the dead in line of the axis of rectangle support and axis one.
8. according to the system of utilizing diversification heat energy sludge-drying claimed in claim 7, it is characterized in that: the A-frame that part comprises that top is connected with rectangle support is turned in described throwing, the axis of rolling that the transmission chain parcel that this A-frame is sealing is positioned at an Atria summit forms, the axis of rolling on the top of A-frame is connected with the side of rectangle support one end by bearing, the axis of rolling of A-frame dual-side bottom drives respectively the rotating blade that is circle distribution, the fluid pressure drive device on the chassis that wherein transmission chain of A-frame one side has by hinge and mud paving mud bucket is hinged, the flexible drive transmission chain to-and-fro movement of fluid pressure drive device.
9. according to the system of utilizing diversification heat energy sludge-drying claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that: described mud is thrown turning-up devices and is also provided with pressurized air discharge line, discharge line is the sidewall that is detachably connected on mud paving mud bucket, pipeline is flexible pipe, one end and external air compressor are affixed, air vout is facing to the mud mouth of mud paving mud bucket, and discharge line is a plurality of, is distributed in mud paving mud bucket both sides.
10. according to the system of utilizing diversification heat energy sludge-drying claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that: described dry mud material collecting device comprises the screw blade that two ends are connected with stake body respectively, screw blade rotates around axis two.
CN201410244903.4A 2014-06-04 2014-06-04 A kind of system utilizing diversification heat energy sludge-drying Expired - Fee Related CN103992019B (en)

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