CN103979866A - Maya blue-containing aerated brick and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Maya blue-containing aerated brick and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103979866A
CN103979866A CN201410149832.XA CN201410149832A CN103979866A CN 103979866 A CN103979866 A CN 103979866A CN 201410149832 A CN201410149832 A CN 201410149832A CN 103979866 A CN103979866 A CN 103979866A
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China
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parts
sawdust
blue
steam
water
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CN201410149832.XA
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CN103979866B (en
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晋元龙
陈德全
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Jishou Wuling Jiangshan New Wall Material Co.,Ltd.
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Ma'an Mountain Bao Long Building Material Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/91Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete

Abstract

The invention relates to a maya blue-containing aerated brick, which is prepared from the following raw materials by weight: 1-2 parts of hydroxycarboxylic acid, 0.5-1 part of an aliphatic hydroxyl sulfonate efficient water reducing agent, 11-13 parts of cement, 14-16 parts of quick lime, 7-9 parts of modified sawdust, 3-5 parts of gypsum, 3-4 parts of magnesium oxide, 4-6 parts of sericite powder, 0.7-1 part of sodium dodecylsulfate, 0.3-0.6 part of sodium percarbonate, 60-70 parts of fly ash, 0.4-0.6 part of polyoxy ethylene nonyl phenol ether, 2-4 parts of maya blue, 0.1-0.2 part of aluminum powder paste, and a proper amount of water. According to the maya blue-containing aerated brick, the maya blue is used so as to adsorb harmful gases and purify air; the modified sawdust is adopted so as to reduce the dry density and reduce the drying shrinkage value, and water resistance of the aerated brick is increased with the sawdust treated by waste engine oil; and the sericite powder is adopted so as to increase the strength of the aerated brick, shield ultraviolet rays, improve weathering resistance, delay powdering, improve heat resistance and corrosion resistance, and provide good sound insulation effect and good thermal insulation effect.

Description

A kind of containing blue aerated bricks in Mayan and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to brick field, relate in particular to a kind of containing blue aerated bricks in Mayan and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Aerated bricks is also called air-entrained concrete building block, application very extensively, be mainly used in load-bearing walling and non-bearing material and the filling enclosure walls around such as materials for wall, infilled wall, floor and roof boarding in mechanical factory building and covil construction.
Aerated bricks has become the leading product of building material industry at present, and country has progressively banned use of clay solid brick, is exactly instead air-entrained concrete building block gradually, autoclaved brick.
That aerated bricks has is lightweight, thermal and insulating performance good, shock resistance is strong, good processability, have certain high thermal resistance, good, the adaptable feature of sound-proofing properties, can be according to the different starting material in locality, different condition comes amount body surely to make, starting material wide material sources, can select river sand, flyash, ore in sand form etc., suit measures to local conditions, can be salvaged, environmental, really turn waste into wealth.
But the development along with building trade, buildings is more and more higher, moulding is more and more peculiar, the requirements such as the intensity of aerated bricks, density, shrinkage value, frost resistance are all increased, improving constantly along with people's living standard in addition, requirement to environment is also more and more higher, and the heat-insulating property of buildings, sound absorption qualities, radioactivity are had to higher requirement, even requires buildings to have the performance of body health benefits, therefore as required, develop the aerated bricks of excellent performance more imperative.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of blue aerated bricks in Mayan and preparation method thereof that contains, this aerated bricks can adsorb obnoxious flavour, and the dry density that purifies air and drying shrinkage value are little, water-tolerant, sound insulation, good heat-insulation effect.
Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
Containing the blue aerated bricks in Mayan, it is characterized in that being made by the raw material of following weight part: hydroxycarboxylic acid 1-2, aliphatic hydroxyl sulphonate high efficiency water reducing agent 0.5-1, cement 11-13, unslaked lime 14-16, modification sawdust 7-9, gypsum 3-5, magnesium oxide 3-4, sericite in powder 4-6, sodium lauryl sulphate 0.7-1, SPC-D 0.3-0.6, flyash 60-70, polyoxyethylene nonylphenol ether 0.4-0.6, Mayan blue 2-4, aluminium powder cream 0.1-0.2, water are appropriate;
Described modification sawdust is made by the raw material of following weight part: sepiolite cashmere 2-3, sawdust 10-13, aerosil 1-2, ureaformal dehyde resin glue 0.4-0.7, isophorone diisocyanate 0.8-1.2, triethylamine 0.06-0.09, containing hydrogen silicone oil 0.5-0.8, hydroxy silicon oil 0.5-0.8, copper sulfate 0.01-0.02, polyvinyl alcohol 0.5-1.2, potassium hydroxide 0.6-0.7, stearic acid 1-2, calcium chloride 1-2, flyash 3-5, oxidized polyethlene wax 0.8-1, used oil 1-1.5; Making method is: sawdust powder is broken into 50-100 order particle, sprays into while stirring oxidized polyethlene wax, used oil, mix rear placement 5-7 hour, then mix with other remaining components, be heated to 75-80 ℃, dispersion grinding 20-30 minute, obtains.
The described preparation method containing the blue aerated bricks in Mayan, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) cement, unslaked lime, gypsum, magnesium oxide, flyash are mixed, send into grinding in ball grinder and become 50-100 order particle, then mix with the composition except aluminium powder cream, by ratio of water to material, be that 0.57-0.58 adds water, stir, then add aluminium powder cream, stir and obtain slurry;
(2) slurry (1) step being obtained is poured in mould, obtains brick idiosome;
(3) brick idiosome is put into steam-cured still and vacuumize, then in 1.7-1.9 hour, pass into equably steam, make steam-cured indoor temperature rise to 170-180 ℃, pressure reaches 11-13MPa, keeps constant 10-12 hour;
(4) in 1.7-1.9 hour, let off steam equably, steam-cured indoor temperature is down to below 70 ℃, go out still, place 28-30 days and get final product.
Beneficial effect of the present invention
Aerated bricks of the present invention, by using Mayan blue, can adsorb obnoxious flavour, purifies air; By using modification sawdust, reduce dry density and drying shrinkage value, and the sawdust of processing by used oil, improved the water tolerance of aerated bricks; By using sericite in powder, increased the intensity of aerated bricks, can shielding ultraviolet rays, improved weathering resistance, postpone efflorescence, improved heat-resisting and antiseptic property, and this aerated bricks sound insulation, good heat-insulation effect.
Embodiment
Containing the blue aerated bricks in Mayan, by following weight part (kilogram) raw material make: hydroxycarboxylic acid 1.5, aliphatic hydroxyl sulphonate high efficiency water reducing agent 0.7, cement 12, unslaked lime 15, modification sawdust 8, gypsum 4, magnesium oxide 3.5, sericite in powder 5, sodium lauryl sulphate 0.9, SPC-D 0.5, flyash 65, polyoxyethylene nonylphenol ether 0.5, Mayan indigo plant 3, aluminium powder cream 0.15, water are appropriate;
Described modification sawdust by following weight part (kilogram) raw material make: sepiolite cashmere 2.5, sawdust 12, aerosil 1.5, ureaformal dehyde resin glue 0.5, isophorone diisocyanate 1, triethylamine 0.07, containing hydrogen silicone oil 0.7, hydroxy silicon oil 0.7, copper sulfate 0.02, polyvinyl alcohol 0.8, potassium hydroxide 0.6, stearic acid 1.5, calcium chloride 1.5, flyash 4, oxidized polyethlene wax 0.9, used oil 1.3; Making method is: sawdust powder is broken into 80 order particles, sprays into while stirring oxidized polyethlene wax, used oil, mix rear placement 6 hours, then mix with other remaining components, be heated to 78 ℃, dispersion grinding 25 minutes, obtains.
The described preparation method containing the blue aerated bricks in Mayan, comprises the following steps:
(1) cement, unslaked lime, gypsum, magnesium oxide, flyash are mixed, send into grinding in ball grinder and become 70 order particles, then mix with the composition except aluminium powder cream, by ratio of water to material, be 0.57 to add water, stir, then add aluminium powder cream, stir and obtain slurry;
(2) slurry (1) step being obtained is poured in mould, obtains brick idiosome;
(3) brick idiosome is put into steam-cured still and vacuumize, then in 1.8 hours, pass into equably steam, make steam-cured indoor temperature rise to 176 ℃, pressure reaches 12MPa, keeps constant 11 hours;
(4) in 1.8 hours, let off steam equably, make steam-cured indoor temperature be down to 70 ℃, go out still, place 29 days and get final product.
Experimental data:
The density of this aerated bricks is 623kg/m3, refractory temperature is 689 ℃, thermal conductivity is 0.15W/(m ℃), adopt showerhead respectively to the thick clay tile wall of 240mm and aerating brick wall spray, clay tile wall all soaked into after 12 hours, the aerating brick wall spray degree of depth that seeps water after 72 hours is 90mm, and ultimate compression strength is 5.9Mpa, sound absorption coefficient 0.38.

Claims (2)

1. containing the blue aerated bricks in Mayan, it is characterized in that being made by the raw material of following weight part: hydroxycarboxylic acid 1-2, aliphatic hydroxyl sulphonate high efficiency water reducing agent 0.5-1, cement 11-13, unslaked lime 14-16, modification sawdust 7-9, gypsum 3-5, magnesium oxide 3-4, sericite in powder 4-6, sodium lauryl sulphate 0.7-1, SPC-D 0.3-0.6, flyash 60-70, polyoxyethylene nonylphenol ether 0.4-0.6, Mayan blue 2-4, aluminium powder cream 0.1-0.2, water are appropriate;
Described modification sawdust is made by the raw material of following weight part: sepiolite cashmere 2-3, sawdust 10-13, aerosil 1-2, ureaformal dehyde resin glue 0.4-0.7, isophorone diisocyanate 0.8-1.2, triethylamine 0.06-0.09, containing hydrogen silicone oil 0.5-0.8, hydroxy silicon oil 0.5-0.8, copper sulfate 0.01-0.02, polyvinyl alcohol 0.5-1.2, potassium hydroxide 0.6-0.7, stearic acid 1-2, calcium chloride 1-2, flyash 3-5, oxidized polyethlene wax 0.8-1, used oil 1-1.5; Making method is: sawdust powder is broken into 50-100 order particle, sprays into while stirring oxidized polyethlene wax, used oil, mix rear placement 5-7 hour, then mix with other remaining components, be heated to 75-80 ℃, dispersion grinding 20-30 minute, obtains.
2. the preparation method containing the blue aerated bricks in Mayan according to claim 1, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) cement, unslaked lime, gypsum, magnesium oxide, flyash are mixed, send into grinding in ball grinder and become 50-100 order particle, then mix with the composition except aluminium powder cream, by ratio of water to material, be that 0.57-0.58 adds water, stir, then add aluminium powder cream, stir and obtain slurry;
(2) slurry (1) step being obtained is poured in mould, obtains brick idiosome;
(3) brick idiosome is put into steam-cured still and vacuumize, then in 1.7-1.9 hour, pass into equably steam, make steam-cured indoor temperature rise to 170-180 ℃, pressure reaches 11-13MPa, keeps constant 10-12 hour;
(4) in 1.7-1.9 hour, let off steam equably, steam-cured indoor temperature is down to below 70 ℃, go out still, place 28-30 days and get final product.
CN201410149832.XA 2014-04-15 2014-04-15 A kind of containing Mayan indigo plant aerated bricks and preparation method thereof Active CN103979866B (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105113736A (en) * 2014-10-06 2015-12-02 邱有英 Manufacturing method of mayan blue wallpaper
CN105272080A (en) * 2015-09-29 2016-01-27 马鞍山杰创塑胶科技有限公司 Aerated building block capable of purifying air, and making method thereof
CN105272079A (en) * 2015-09-29 2016-01-27 马鞍山杰创塑胶科技有限公司 Ageing and cracking resistant aerated building block and making method thereof
CN105272077A (en) * 2015-09-29 2016-01-27 马鞍山杰创塑胶科技有限公司 Coconut husk aerated building block and making method thereof
CN105272106A (en) * 2015-09-29 2016-01-27 马鞍山杰创塑胶科技有限公司 Aerated building block used for building exterior walls, and making method thereof
CN105272081A (en) * 2015-09-29 2016-01-27 马鞍山杰创塑胶科技有限公司 Low-heat conduction coefficient and heat-insulation aerated building block and making method thereof
CN106187284A (en) * 2016-07-26 2016-12-07 贵州虹懿环保建材有限公司 A kind of light sound-proof heat insulation wall brick and preparation method thereof
CN106220062A (en) * 2016-07-26 2016-12-14 贵州虹懿环保建材有限公司 A kind of light-weight and high-intensity wall brick and preparation method thereof
CN110694430A (en) * 2019-10-31 2020-01-17 中徽绿管家科技(北京)有限公司 Indoor harmful gas treatment method

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CN102875067A (en) * 2012-08-25 2013-01-16 马鞍山豹龙新型建材有限公司 Modified nano mineral powder-containing aerated brick
CN102875070A (en) * 2012-08-25 2013-01-16 马鞍山豹龙新型建材有限公司 Acetylene sludge aerated concrete block and preparation method thereof
CN102875072A (en) * 2012-08-25 2013-01-16 马鞍山豹龙新型建材有限公司 Fluorite slag-containing aerated concrete block
CN102875073A (en) * 2012-08-25 2013-01-16 马鞍山豹龙新型建材有限公司 Aerated brick

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102875067A (en) * 2012-08-25 2013-01-16 马鞍山豹龙新型建材有限公司 Modified nano mineral powder-containing aerated brick
CN102875070A (en) * 2012-08-25 2013-01-16 马鞍山豹龙新型建材有限公司 Acetylene sludge aerated concrete block and preparation method thereof
CN102875072A (en) * 2012-08-25 2013-01-16 马鞍山豹龙新型建材有限公司 Fluorite slag-containing aerated concrete block
CN102875073A (en) * 2012-08-25 2013-01-16 马鞍山豹龙新型建材有限公司 Aerated brick

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105113736A (en) * 2014-10-06 2015-12-02 邱有英 Manufacturing method of mayan blue wallpaper
CN105272080A (en) * 2015-09-29 2016-01-27 马鞍山杰创塑胶科技有限公司 Aerated building block capable of purifying air, and making method thereof
CN105272079A (en) * 2015-09-29 2016-01-27 马鞍山杰创塑胶科技有限公司 Ageing and cracking resistant aerated building block and making method thereof
CN105272077A (en) * 2015-09-29 2016-01-27 马鞍山杰创塑胶科技有限公司 Coconut husk aerated building block and making method thereof
CN105272106A (en) * 2015-09-29 2016-01-27 马鞍山杰创塑胶科技有限公司 Aerated building block used for building exterior walls, and making method thereof
CN105272081A (en) * 2015-09-29 2016-01-27 马鞍山杰创塑胶科技有限公司 Low-heat conduction coefficient and heat-insulation aerated building block and making method thereof
CN106187284A (en) * 2016-07-26 2016-12-07 贵州虹懿环保建材有限公司 A kind of light sound-proof heat insulation wall brick and preparation method thereof
CN106220062A (en) * 2016-07-26 2016-12-14 贵州虹懿环保建材有限公司 A kind of light-weight and high-intensity wall brick and preparation method thereof
CN110694430A (en) * 2019-10-31 2020-01-17 中徽绿管家科技(北京)有限公司 Indoor harmful gas treatment method

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