CN103883640B - Screw thread socket clutch - Google Patents

Screw thread socket clutch Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103883640B
CN103883640B CN201410151795.6A CN201410151795A CN103883640B CN 103883640 B CN103883640 B CN 103883640B CN 201410151795 A CN201410151795 A CN 201410151795A CN 103883640 B CN103883640 B CN 103883640B
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China
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follower
accessory whorl
driving wheel
driven wheel
wheel
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CN201410151795.6A
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CN103883640A (en
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魏伯卿
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Nantong Sheng Qing environmental protection equipment Co., Ltd.
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魏伯卿
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Publication of CN103883640A publication Critical patent/CN103883640A/en
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Abstract

Screw thread socket clutch, comprise one group of driven wheels that initiatively wheels are adjacent with driving wheel with a group and one group of passive wheels adjacent with follower, initiatively wheels comprise driving wheel and driving wheel accessory whorl, driven wheels comprise follower and follower accessory whorl, passive wheels comprise driven wheel and driven wheel rotating shaft cover, driving wheel, driving wheel accessory whorl, follower, follower accessory whorl, driven wheel, driven wheel rotating shaft cover, follower spring, driven wheel spring to be all enclosed within same stationary axle and with stationary axle concentric; It is characterized in that: between driving wheel and follower, have follower spring, driven wheel spring is had between follower and driven wheel, driving wheel is power input wheel, driven wheel is power output wheel, follower is the buffering meshing wheel between driving wheel and driven wheel, follower has internal thread, and driven wheel rotating shaft cover is outer outside thread, and follower internal thread and driven wheel rotating shaft are overlapped outside thread and matched.

Description

Screw thread socket clutch
Technical field
The present invention relates to screw thread socket clutch, be applicable to the various mechanism needing clutch speed-changing and clutch speed governing, as the clutch speed variator of various vehicle, the gearbox etc. of lathe, belong to clutch and gear transmission technology field.
Background technique
Present automobile clutch has friction clutcch, fluid coupling, magnetic clutch etc. several, and they utilize soft contact namely to rub or the transmission such as fluid power or electromagnetic force engine revolution power, and the power transmission efficiency of these soft contacts is all lower; The soft contact clutch method why modern flourishing automotive industry still utilizes power transmission efficiency low, because the transmission of gears meshing is when high speed rotating, meshed gears is difficult to be separated, also do not find that there is now and both easily made the hard driving gear of engagement be separated, can have again the meshed transmission gear method of higher transmission efficiency, this is the difficult problem that vehicle transmission efficiency improves.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind ofly can be cushioned by spring compresses, bore bucket friction and thread bush fetch realize driving wheel and driven wheel safe, balance, screw thread that high-efficient gear engages is socketed clutch.
Screw thread socket clutch, comprise one group of driven wheels that initiatively wheels are adjacent with driving wheel with a group and one group of passive wheels adjacent with follower, initiatively wheels comprise driving wheel and driving wheel accessory whorl, driven wheels comprise follower and follower accessory whorl, passive wheels comprise driven wheel and driven wheel rotating shaft cover, driving wheel, driving wheel accessory whorl, follower, follower accessory whorl, driven wheel, driven wheel rotating shaft cover, follower spring, driven wheel spring to be all enclosed within same stationary axle and with stationary axle concentric; It is characterized in that:
1, follower spring is had between driving wheel and follower, driven wheel spring is had between follower and driven wheel, driving wheel is power input wheel, driven wheel is power output wheel, follower is the buffering meshing wheel between driving wheel and driven wheel, driving wheel and driving wheel accessory whorl thereof are connected also energy by bearing with stationary axle and move axially along stationary axle, follower has follower internal thread, follower accessory whorl is connected also energy by bearing with stationary axle and moves axially along stationary axle, driven wheel overlaps bearing by driven wheel rotating shaft and is connected with stationary axle, driven wheel rotating shaft cover bearing can not move axially along stationary axle, driven wheel rotating shaft cover is outer has driven wheel rotating shaft to overlap outside thread, follower internal thread and driven wheel rotating shaft are overlapped outside thread and are matched.
2, initiatively wheels comprise a driving wheel, to be arranged on the right side of driving wheel with one and the driving wheel accessory whorl be fixedly linked with driving wheel concentric and with driving wheel, the left side of driving wheel and right side respectively have a magnetic intensity to be greater than the magnet ring of 3000 Gausses near driving wheel excircle, the effect of magnet ring allows the contactless pushing driving wheel of driving lever shift to or move apart follower on the right side of driving wheel, driving wheel accessory whorl diameter is less than driving wheel diameter, the right side of driving wheel accessory whorl namely from away from driving wheel side be installed with a driving wheel accessory whorl near the outer circumferential position of driving wheel accessory whorl and rub outward cone bucket, driving wheel accessory whorl rubs outward and bores bucket and driving wheel accessory whorl concentric, and driving wheel accessory whorl rubs outward, the outer barrel face of cone bucket is that driving wheel accessory whorl rubs outward the outer tilted conical surface of cone bucket, driving wheel accessory whorl away from the driving wheel accessory whorl cone bucket bucket wall that rubs outward rubs than the driving wheel accessory whorl of close driving wheel accessory whorl that to bore bucket bucket wall thin outward, driving wheel accessory whorl rub outward cone bucket bucket inside, driving wheel accessory whorl from away from driving wheel one side position be installed with the driving wheel accessory whorl tooth of one group of annular, this group annular driving wheel accessory whorl tooth and driving wheel accessory whorl concentric, the crown of driving wheel accessory whorl tooth and driving wheel accessory whorl tooth cone angle α, α=60 °, driving wheel accessory whorl tooth crown is isosceles triangle along the tangent line cross section of driving wheel accessory whorl tooth circle, isosceles triangle bottom line mid point overlaps with the radial line of driving wheel accessory whorl with the center line of the line of isosceles triangle drift angle, i.e. isosceles triangle, this group annular driving wheel accessory whorl tooth is smooth surface to its central core region, the driving wheel accessory whorl on driving wheel and right side thereof is enclosed within a fixing non-rotary stationary axle, and driving wheel is connected by bearing with stationary axle with driving wheel accessory whorl.
3, driven wheels comprise a follower, with one be fixedly mounted on the left of follower and with the follower accessory whorl of follower concentric, and the follower spring be fixedly mounted on the left of follower accessory whorl, the diameter of follower accessory whorl is less than the diameter of follower, the left side of follower accessory whorl namely from away from follower side be installed with a follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket near the outer circumferential position of follower accessory whorl, follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket and follower accessory whorl concentric, and the interior bucket face of follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket is follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket inner conical surface, follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket wall away from follower accessory whorl is thinner than the follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket wall of close follower accessory whorl, the inwall radius of follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket and the driving wheel accessory whorl exterior radius of boring bucket that rubs outward matches, namely rotate driving wheel accessory whorl rub outward cone bucket rotate near friction speed or static follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket and close to each other time, outside driving wheel accessory whorl rubs outward and bores bucket, tilted conical surface just rubs mutually with follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket inner conical surface, and driving wheel accessory whorl rubs outward, cone bucket and follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket are apart from nearer, this friction is larger, the follower accessory whorl tooth of one group of annular is installed with, these group annular driven wheel set gear teeth and follower accessory whorl concentric, the crown of follower accessory whorl tooth and follower accessory whorl tooth cone angle inside the bucket of follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket β, β=60 °, the tangent line cross section that follower accessory whorl tooth crown is obedient to driving wheel accessory whorl tooth circle is isosceles triangle, isosceles triangle bottom line mid point overlaps with the radial line of follower accessory whorl with the center line of the line of isosceles triangle drift angle, i.e. isosceles triangle, and its radius of circle of the tooth central point composition of follower accessory whorl tooth is equal with its radius of circle that the tooth central point of driving wheel accessory whorl tooth forms, namely the inner side of follower accessory whorl tooth is installed with a follower spring near follower accessory whorl axle center district, the left side of this follower spring is installed with a left ring friction of follower spring near driving wheel accessory whorl one end, the radius of the left ring friction of follower spring is less than the radius of a circle of the tooth inner side surface composition of driving wheel accessory whorl tooth, when driving wheel accessory whorl shifts to follower accessory whorl, the left ring friction of follower spring rides on the smooth surface on the right side of driving wheel accessory whorl, and produce certain friction effect, make the angular velocity of rotation of the angular velocity of rotation of driving wheel accessory whorl and follower accessory whorl progressively close, when driving wheel accessory whorl shifts to follower accessory whorl direction, first driving wheel accessory whorl presses close to the left ring friction of follower spring, and extrude follower spring, in the process of extruding follower spring, make the rotational speed of the rotational speed of driving wheel accessory whorl and follower accessory whorl progressively close, be extruded to a certain degree at follower spring, the driving wheel accessory whorl cone bucket that rubs outward starts to contact with follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket and produces and rubs, rotate driving wheel accessory whorl rub outward cone bucket and rotating Vortex or static follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket progressively close, and because of driving wheel accessory whorl rub outward the outer tilted conical surface of cone bucket and follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket inner conical surface mutual friction along with close Distance Shortened constantly increase time, this friction large to a certain extent and make driving wheel accessory whorl rub outward cone bucket and follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket relative rotational close to time, follower accessory whorl tooth and driving wheel accessory whorl tooth engage each other.
4, passive wheels comprise a driven wheel, with a driven wheel spring be fixedly linked with driven wheel left surface, namely the left end of driven wheel spring is installed with a left ring friction of driven wheel spring near the right side of follower, the radius of the left ring friction of driven wheel spring is less than the radius of follower, the spring strength of follower spring is less than the spring strength of driven wheel spring, thus make driving wheel accessory whorl extrude follower spring to driving wheel accessory whorl rub outward bore bucket and follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket contact with each other and produce rub time, follower extruding driven wheel spring makes driven wheel spring less by compression degree, follower accessory whorl is connected by bearing with stationary axle cylindrical, follower has follower internal thread near the region of stationary axle, driven wheel is fixedly mounted on a driven wheel rotating shaft and puts, the inner side of driven wheel rotating shaft cover is driven wheel rotating shaft cover bearing, driven wheel rotating shaft cover overlaps bearing with stationary axle by driven wheel rotating shaft and is connected, driven wheel rotating shaft cover bearing can only do and rotate around stationary axle on stationary axle, can not do and move axially along stationary axle, and the follower accessory whorl bearing of the drive wheel bearing of driving wheel and follower accessory whorl can while rotating around stationary axle, axially move left and right along stationary axle, driven wheel rotating shaft is had to overlap outside thread in the driven wheel rotating shaft cover outside of driven wheel left field, driven wheel rotating shaft cover outside thread and follower internal thread match, when rotate driving wheel driving lever pass and the left magnet ring of the right magnetic patch of driving lever left arm contactless pushing driving wheel, make driving wheel shift to follower time, first driving wheel accessory whorl extrudes the left ring friction of follower spring and follower spring, in the process of extruding follower spring, because the friction effect of smooth surface, makes the angular velocity of rotation of driving wheel accessory whorl and follower accessory whorl progressively close on the right side of the spring-force driven dual of follower spring and the left ring friction of follower spring and driving wheel accessory whorl, when follower spring compresses to a certain extent time, the driving wheel accessory whorl cone bucket that rubs outward starts to contact with follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket and produces and rubs, driving wheel accessory whorl rub outward cone bucket and follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket near and rub arrive relative rotation angle speed close to time, follower accessory whorl tooth and driving wheel accessory whorl tooth engage each other.
5, follower and driven wheel interaction process: when the angular velocity of rotation of driving wheel is greater than the angular velocity of rotation of driven wheel (angular velocity of rotation of driven wheel can be zero), to move right extruding follower spring at driving wheel accessory whorl, and make the driving wheel accessory whorl cone bucket that rubs progressively contact to produce with follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket and rub outward, then driving wheel accessory whorl and follower accessory whorl angular velocity of rotation close, and making in follower accessory whorl tooth and the intermeshing process of driving wheel accessory whorl tooth, the follower internal thread of follower rotates along driven wheel rotating shaft cover outside thread and is screwed into, make follower in rotary moving near driven wheel to the right, and extrude driven wheel spring, thus slow down the speed that follower moves right, to rotate along driven wheel rotating shaft cover outside thread at the follower internal thread of follower and be screwed into, when arriving the binding site that driven wheel rotating shaft cover outside thread overlaps with driven wheel and driven wheel rotating shaft, follower stopping precession, now driving wheel, driving wheel accessory whorl, follower, follower accessory whorl and driven wheel engage completely, make driving wheel and driven wheel energy safety, balance, reach same angular velocity synchronous rotary efficiently, when the angular velocity of rotation of driving wheel is less than the angular velocity of rotation of driven wheel, move right at driving wheel accessory whorl and extrude follower spring, and make the driving wheel accessory whorl cone bucket that rubs progressively contact to produce with follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket and rub outward, then driving wheel accessory whorl and follower accessory whorl rotational speed close, and make in follower accessory whorl tooth and the intermeshing process of driving wheel accessory whorl tooth, the follower internal thread of follower is not screwed into driven wheel rotating shaft cover outside thread, but follower right flank still contacts with the left ring friction of driven wheel spring and produces and rubs, extrude driven wheel spring simultaneously, thus give driven wheel decelerating effect, and then make the angular velocity of rotation of angular velocity of rotation near driving wheel of driven wheel, when the angular velocity of rotation of driven wheel is reduced to identical with the angular velocity of rotation of driving wheel, due to driven wheel unpowered property and there is the characteristic of load, the angular velocity of rotation of driven wheel can be reduced to the angular velocity of rotation being less than driving wheel very soon, now, the follower internal thread of follower rotates along driven wheel rotating shaft cover outside thread and makes follower in rotary moving near driven wheel to the right, and extrude driven wheel spring, thus slow down the speed that follower moves right, be screwed into along the rotation of driven wheel rotating shaft cover outside thread at the follower internal thread of follower, when arriving the binding site that driven wheel rotating shaft cover outside thread and driven wheel and driven wheel rotating shaft overlap, follower stops precession, now driving wheel, driving wheel accessory whorl, follower, follower accessory whorl and driven wheel engage completely, make driving wheel and driven wheel energy safety, balance, reach same angular velocity synchronous rotary efficiently.
The present invention compared with prior art has the following advantages:
1, existing automobile clutch has friction clutcch, fluid coupling, magnetic clutch etc. several, and they utilize soft contact namely to rub or the transmission such as fluid power or electromagnetic force engine revolution power, and the power transmission efficiency of these soft contacts is all lower; And clutch of the present invention is finally gears meshing, transmission efficiency is high.
2, added a follower between the driving wheel of clutch engagement driving of the present invention and driven wheel and follower screw thread rotation moves, made being separated not conform to be snapped and sharing and cannot open of driving wheel and driven wheel.
3, bore bucket and follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket mutual friction effect and follower screw thread rotation mobility because the effect of the follower spring between driving wheel accessory whorl and follower and the driven wheel spring between follower and driven wheel, driving wheel accessory whorl rub outward, make driving wheel and follower and engaging between follower with driven wheel is smooth and easy, safety, balance, efficient.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is middle M enlarged diagram embodiment illustrated in fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is middle N enlarged diagram embodiment illustrated in fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is middle P enlarged diagram embodiment illustrated in fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is that middle driving wheel accessory whorl tooth embodiment illustrated in fig. 1 and follower accessory whorl tooth close on mesh schematic representation;
Fig. 6 is middle Q enlarged diagram embodiment illustrated in fig. 5;
Fig. 7 is middle A-A schematic diagram embodiment illustrated in fig. 6;
Fig. 8 is that the secondary gear teeth meshing of middle driving wheel accessory whorl tooth embodiment illustrated in fig. 6 and follower launches schematic diagram.
In Fig. 1-8: 1, stationary axle 2, driving lever left arm 3, the right magnetic patch 4 of driving lever left arm, the left magnet ring 5 of driving wheel, drive wheel bearing 6, driving wheel 7, the right magnet ring 8 of driving wheel, driving wheel accessory whorl 9, driving wheel accessory whorl tooth 10, the left ring friction 11 of follower spring, follower spring 12, follower accessory whorl bearing 13, follower accessory whorl 14, the left ring friction 15 of driven wheel spring, follower internal thread 16, driven wheel rotating shaft cover outside thread 17, driven wheel spring 18, driven wheel 19, driven wheel rotating shaft cover bearing 20, driven wheel rotating shaft cover 21, driving lever 22, the left magnetic patch 23 of driving lever right arm, driving lever right arm 24, driving wheel accessory whorl rubs outward and bores bucket 25, driving wheel accessory whorl rubs outward and bores the outer tilted conical surface 26 of bucket, follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket 27, follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket inner conical surface 28, follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket inner headed face 29, follower accessory whorl tooth 30, follower 31, driving wheel accessory whorl tooth cone point 32, follower accessory whorl tooth cone point 33, driving wheel accessory whorl tooth cone angle α34, follower accessory whorl tooth cone angle β.
Embodiment
In the embodiment shown in Fig. 1-8: screw thread socket clutch, comprise one group of driven wheels that initiatively wheels are adjacent with driving wheel with a group and one group of passive wheels adjacent with follower, initiatively wheels comprise driving wheel 6 and driving wheel accessory whorl 8, driven wheels comprise follower 30 and follower accessory whorl 13, passive wheels comprise driven wheel 18 and driven wheel rotating shaft cover 20, driving wheel 6, driving wheel accessory whorl 8, follower 30, follower accessory whorl 13, driven wheel 18, driven wheel rotating shaft cover 20, follower spring 11, driven wheel spring 17 is all enclosed within same stationary axle 1, and with stationary axle 1 concentric, it is characterized in that: between driving wheel 6 and follower 30, have follower spring 11, driven wheel spring 17 is had between follower 30 and driven wheel 18, driving wheel 6 is power input wheel, driven wheel 18 is power output wheel, follower 30 is the buffering meshing wheel between driving wheel 6 and driven wheel 18, driving wheel 6 and driving wheel accessory whorl 8 thereof are connected also energy by drive wheel bearing 5 with stationary axle 1 and move axially along stationary axle 1, follower 30 has follower internal thread 15, follower accessory whorl 13 is connected also energy by bearing with stationary axle 1 and moves axially along stationary axle 1, driven wheel 18 overlaps bearing 19 by driven wheel rotating shaft and is connected with stationary axle 1, driven wheel rotating shaft cover bearing 19 can not move axially along stationary axle 1, driven wheel rotating shaft is had to overlap outside thread 16 outside driven wheel rotating shaft cover 20, follower internal thread 15 and driven wheel rotating shaft are overlapped outside thread 16 and are matched.
Initiatively wheels comprise a driving wheel 6, to be arranged on the right side of driving wheel 6 with one and the driving wheel accessory whorl 8 be fixedly linked with driving wheel 6 concentric and with driving wheel 6, the left side of driving wheel 6 and right side respectively have a magnetic intensity to be greater than the magnet ring of 3000 Gausses near driving wheel 6 excircle, the effect of magnet ring allows the contactless pushing driving wheel 6 of driving lever 21 shift to or move apart follower 30 on the right side of driving wheel 6, driving wheel accessory whorl 8 diameter is less than driving wheel 6 diameter, the right side of driving wheel accessory whorl 8 namely from away from driving wheel 6 side be installed with a driving wheel accessory whorl near the outer circumferential position of driving wheel accessory whorl 8 and rub outward cone bucket 24, driving wheel accessory whorl rubs outward and bores bucket 24 and driving wheel accessory whorl 8 concentric, and driving wheel accessory whorl rubs outward, the outer barrel face of cone bucket 24 is that driving wheel accessory whorl rubs outward the outer tilted conical surface 25 of cone bucket, driving wheel accessory whorl away from the driving wheel accessory whorl 8 cone bucket 24 barrels of walls that rub outward rub than the driving wheel accessory whorl of close driving wheel accessory whorl 8 that to bore bucket 24 barrels of walls thin outward, driving wheel accessory whorl rub outward cone bucket 24 bucket inside, driving wheel accessory whorl 8 from away from driving wheel 6 one side position be installed with the driving wheel accessory whorl tooth 9 of one group of annular, this group annular driving wheel accessory whorl tooth 9 and driving wheel accessory whorl 8 concentric, the crown of driving wheel accessory whorl tooth 9 and driving wheel accessory whorl tooth cone angle α 33, α=60 °, driving wheel accessory whorl tooth 9 crown is isosceles triangle along the tangent line cross section of driving wheel accessory whorl tooth 9 circle, isosceles triangle bottom line mid point overlaps with the radial line of driving wheel accessory whorl 8 with the center line of the line of isosceles triangle drift angle, i.e. isosceles triangle, this group annular driving wheel accessory whorl tooth 9 is smooth surface to its central core region, the driving wheel accessory whorl 8 on driving wheel 6 and right side thereof is enclosed within a fixing non-rotary stationary axle 1, and driving wheel 6 is connected by bearing with stationary axle 1 with driving wheel accessory whorl 8.
Driven wheels comprise a follower 30, with one be fixedly mounted on the left of follower 30 and with the follower accessory whorl 13 of follower 30 concentric, and the follower spring 11 be fixedly mounted on the left of follower accessory whorl 13, the diameter of follower accessory whorl 13 is less than the diameter of follower 30, the left side of follower accessory whorl 13 namely from away from follower 30 side be installed with a follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket 26 near the outer circumferential position of follower accessory whorl 13, follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket 26 and follower accessory whorl 13 concentric, and the interior bucket face of follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket 26 is follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket inner conical surface 27, follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket 26 wall away from follower accessory whorl 13 is thinner than follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket 26 wall of close follower accessory whorl 13, the inwall radius of follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket 26 and the driving wheel accessory whorl exterior radius of boring bucket 24 that rubs outward matches, namely rotate driving wheel accessory whorl rub outward cone bucket 24 rotate near friction speed or static follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket 26 and close to each other time, outside driving wheel accessory whorl rubs outward and bores bucket, tilted conical surface 25 just rubs mutually with follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket inner conical surface 27, and driving wheel accessory whorl rubs outward, cone bucket 24 and follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket 26 are apart from nearer, this friction is larger, the follower accessory whorl tooth 29 of one group of annular is installed with, these group annular driven wheel set gear teeth 29 and follower accessory whorl 13 concentric, the crown of follower accessory whorl tooth 29 and follower accessory whorl tooth cone angle inside the bucket of follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket 26 β 34, β=60 °, the tangent line cross section that follower accessory whorl tooth 29 crown is obedient to driving wheel accessory whorl tooth 29 circle is isosceles triangle, isosceles triangle bottom line mid point overlaps with the radial line of follower accessory whorl 13 with the center line of the line of isosceles triangle drift angle, i.e. isosceles triangle, and its radius of circle of the tooth central point composition of follower accessory whorl tooth 29 is equal with its radius of circle that the tooth central point of driving wheel accessory whorl tooth 9 forms, namely the inner side of follower accessory whorl tooth 29 is installed with a follower spring 11 near follower accessory whorl 13 axle center district, the left side of this follower spring 11 is installed with a left ring friction 10 of follower spring near driving wheel accessory whorl 8 one end, the radius of the left ring friction 10 of follower spring is less than the radius of a circle of the tooth inner side surface composition of driving wheel accessory whorl tooth 9, when driving wheel accessory whorl 8 shifts to follower accessory whorl 13, the left ring friction 10 of follower spring rides on the smooth surface on the right side of driving wheel accessory whorl 8, and produce certain friction effect, make the angular velocity of rotation of the angular velocity of rotation of driving wheel accessory whorl 8 and follower accessory whorl 13 progressively close, when driving wheel accessory whorl 8 shifts to follower accessory whorl 13 direction, first driving wheel accessory whorl 8 presses close to the left ring friction 10 of follower spring, and extrude follower spring 11, in the process of extruding follower spring 11, make the rotational speed of the rotational speed of driving wheel accessory whorl 8 and follower accessory whorl 13 progressively close, be extruded to a certain degree at follower spring 11, the driving wheel accessory whorl cone bucket 24 that rubs outward starts to contact with follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket 26 and produces and rubs, the driving wheel accessory whorl rotated rub outward cone bucket 24 and rotating Vortex or static follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket 26 progressively close, and because of driving wheel accessory whorl rub outward the outer tilted conical surface 25 of cone bucket and follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket inner conical surface 27 mutual friction along with close Distance Shortened constantly increase time, this friction large to a certain extent and make driving wheel accessory whorl rub outward cone bucket 24 and follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket 26 relative rotational close to time, follower accessory whorl tooth 29 and driving wheel accessory whorl tooth 9 engage each other.
Passive wheels comprise a driven wheel 18, with a driven wheel spring 17 be fixedly linked with driven wheel 18 left surface, namely the left end of driven wheel spring 17 is installed with a left ring friction 14 of driven wheel spring near the right side of follower 30, the radius of the left ring friction 14 of driven wheel spring is less than the radius of follower 30, the spring strength of follower spring 11 is less than the spring strength of driven wheel spring 17, thus make driving wheel accessory whorl 8 extrude follower spring 11 to driving wheel accessory whorl rub outward cone bucket 24 to contact with each other with follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket 26 and produce rub time, follower 30 extrudes driven wheel spring 17 makes driven wheel spring 17 less by compression degree, follower accessory whorl 13 is connected by bearing with stationary axle 1 cylindrical, follower 30 has follower internal thread 15 near the region of stationary axle 1, driven wheel 18 is fixedly mounted on a driven wheel rotating shaft cover 20, the inner side of driven wheel rotating shaft cover 20 is driven wheel rotating shaft cover bearings 19, driven wheel rotating shaft cover 20 overlaps bearing 19 with stationary axle 1 by driven wheel rotating shaft and is connected, driven wheel rotating shaft cover bearing 19 can only do and rotate around stationary axle 1 on stationary axle 1, can not do and move axially along stationary axle 1, and the follower accessory whorl bearing 12 of the drive wheel bearing 5 of driving wheel 6 and follower accessory whorl 13 can while rotating around stationary axle 1, axially move left and right along stationary axle 1, outside the driven wheel rotating shaft cover 20 of driven wheel 18 left field, there is driven wheel rotating shaft to overlap outside thread 16, driven wheel rotating shaft cover outside thread 16 matches with follower internal thread 15, when rotate driving wheel 6 driving lever 21 pass and the left magnet ring 4 of the contactless pushing driving wheel of the right magnetic patch of driving lever left arm 3, make driving wheel 6 shift to follower 30 time, first driving wheel accessory whorl 8 extrudes the left ring friction 10 of follower spring and follower spring 11, in the process of extruding follower spring 11, because the friction effect of smooth surface, makes driving wheel accessory whorl 8 progressively close with the angular velocity of rotation of follower accessory whorl 13 on the right side of the spring-force driven dual of follower spring 11 and the left ring friction of follower spring 10 and driving wheel accessory whorl 8, when follower spring 11 is expressed to a certain degree, the driving wheel accessory whorl cone bucket 24 that rubs outward starts to contact with follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket 26 and produces and rubs, driving wheel accessory whorl rub outward cone bucket 24 and follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket 26 near and rub relative rotation angle speed close to time, follower accessory whorl tooth 29 and driving wheel accessory whorl tooth 9 engage each other.
Follower 30 and driven wheel 18 interaction process: when the angular velocity of rotation of driving wheel 6 is greater than the angular velocity of rotation of driven wheel 18 (angular velocity of rotation of driven wheel can be zero), move right at driving wheel accessory whorl 8 and extrude follower spring 11, and make the driving wheel accessory whorl cone bucket 24 that rubs progressively contact to produce with follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket 26 and rub outward, then close at driving wheel accessory whorl 8 and follower accessory whorl 13 angular velocity of rotation, and make follower accessory whorl tooth 29 with the intermeshing process of driving wheel accessory whorl tooth 9, the follower internal thread 15 of follower 30 rotates along driven wheel rotating shaft cover outside thread 16 and is screwed into, make follower 30 in rotary moving near driven wheel 18 to the right, and extrude driven wheel spring 17, thus slow down the speed that follower 30 moves right, be screwed into along the rotation of driven wheel rotating shaft cover outside thread 16 at the follower internal thread 15 of follower 30, when arrival driven wheel rotating shaft cover outside thread 16 overlaps the binding site of 20 with driven wheel 18 and driven wheel rotating shaft, follower 30 stops precession, now driving wheel 6, driving wheel accessory whorl 8, follower 30, follower accessory whorl 13 and driven wheel 18 engage completely, make driving wheel 6 and driven wheel 18 energy safety, balance, reach same angular velocity synchronous rotary efficiently, when the angular velocity of rotation of driving wheel 6 is less than the angular velocity of rotation of driven wheel 18, move right at driving wheel accessory whorl 8 and extrude follower spring 11, and make the driving wheel accessory whorl cone bucket 24 that rubs progressively contact to produce with follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket 26 and rub outward, then close in driving wheel accessory whorl 8 and follower accessory whorl 13 rotational speed, and make follower accessory whorl tooth 29 with the intermeshing process of driving wheel accessory whorl tooth 9, the follower internal thread 15 of follower 30 is not screwed into driven wheel rotating shaft cover outside thread 16, but follower 30 right flank still ring friction 14 left with driven wheel spring contacts and produces and rubs, extrude driven wheel spring 17 simultaneously, thus give driven wheel 18 1 decelerating effects, and then make the angular velocity of rotation of driven wheel 18 near the angular velocity of rotation of driving wheel 6, when the angular velocity of rotation of driven wheel 18 is reduced to identical with the angular velocity of rotation of driving wheel 6, due to driven wheel 18 unpowered property and there is the characteristic of load, the angular velocity of rotation of driven wheel 18 can be reduced to the angular velocity of rotation being less than driving wheel 6 very soon, now, the follower internal thread 15 of follower 30 rotates along driven wheel rotating shaft cover outside thread 16 and makes follower 30 in rotary moving near driven wheel 18 to the right, and extrude driven wheel spring 17, thus slow down the speed that follower 30 moves right, be screwed into along the rotation of driven wheel rotating shaft cover outside thread 16 at the follower internal thread 15 of follower 30, when arrival driven wheel rotating shaft cover outside thread 16 overlaps the binding site of 20 with driven wheel 18 and driven wheel rotating shaft, follower 30 stops precession, now driving wheel 6, driving wheel accessory whorl 8, follower 30, follower accessory whorl 13 and driven wheel 18 engage completely, make driving wheel 6 and driven wheel 18 energy safety, balance, reach same angular velocity synchronous rotary efficiently.

Claims (4)

1. screw thread socket clutch, comprise one group of driven wheels that initiatively wheels are adjacent with driving wheel with a group and one group of passive wheels adjacent with follower, initiatively wheels comprise driving wheel (6) and driving wheel accessory whorl (8), driven wheels comprise follower (30) and follower accessory whorl (13), passive wheels comprise driven wheel (18) and driven wheel rotating shaft cover (20), driving wheel (6), driving wheel accessory whorl (8), follower (30), follower accessory whorl (13), driven wheel (18), driven wheel rotating shaft cover (20), follower spring (11), driven wheel spring (17) is all enclosed within same stationary axle (1), and with stationary axle (1) concentric, it is characterized in that: between driving wheel (6) and follower (30), have follower spring (11), driven wheel spring (17) is had between follower (30) and driven wheel (18), driving wheel (6) is power input wheel, driven wheel (18) is power output wheel, follower (30) is the buffering meshing wheel between driving wheel (6) and driven wheel (18), driving wheel (6) and driving wheel accessory whorl (8) thereof are connected also energy by drive wheel bearing (5) with stationary axle (1) and move axially along stationary axle (1), follower (30) has follower internal thread (15), follower accessory whorl (13) is connected also energy by bearing with stationary axle (1) and moves axially along stationary axle (1), driven wheel (18) overlaps bearing (19) by driven wheel rotating shaft and is connected with stationary axle (1), driven wheel rotating shaft cover bearing (19) can not move axially along stationary axle (1), driven wheel rotating shaft is had to overlap outside thread (16) outside driven wheel rotating shaft cover (20), follower internal thread (15) and driven wheel rotating shaft are overlapped outside thread (16) and are matched, follower (30) and driven wheel (18) interaction process: when the angular velocity of rotation of driving wheel (6) is greater than the angular velocity of rotation of driven wheel (18), move right at driving wheel accessory whorl (8) and extrude follower spring (11), and make driving wheel accessory whorl cone bucket (24) that rubs progressively contact to produce with follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket (26) and rub outward, then close at driving wheel accessory whorl (8) and follower accessory whorl (13) angular velocity of rotation, and make follower accessory whorl tooth (29) with driving wheel accessory whorl tooth (9) intermeshing process, the follower internal thread (15) of follower (30) rotates along driven wheel rotating shaft cover outside thread (16) and is screwed into, make follower (30) in rotary moving near driven wheel (18) to the right, and extrude driven wheel spring (17), thus slow down the speed that follower (30) moves right, be screwed into along driven wheel rotating shaft cover outside thread (16) rotation at the follower internal thread (15) of follower (30), when arriving the binding site of driven wheel rotating shaft cover outside thread (16) and driven wheel (18) and driven wheel rotating shaft cover (20), follower (30) stops precession, now driving wheel (6), driving wheel accessory whorl (8), follower (30), follower accessory whorl (13) and driven wheel (18) engage completely, make driving wheel (6) and driven wheel (18) energy safety, balance, reach same angular velocity synchronous rotary efficiently, when driving wheel (6) angular velocity of rotation is less than the angular velocity of rotation of driven wheel (18), move right at driving wheel accessory whorl (8) and extrude follower spring (11), and make driving wheel accessory whorl cone bucket (24) that rubs progressively contact to produce with follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket (26) and rub outward, then close in driving wheel accessory whorl (8) and follower accessory whorl (13) rotational speed, and make follower accessory whorl tooth (29) with driving wheel accessory whorl tooth (9) intermeshing process, the follower internal thread (15) of follower (30) is not screwed into driven wheel rotating shaft cover outside thread (16), but follower (30) right flank still contacts with the left ring friction of driven wheel spring (14) and produces and rubs, extrude driven wheel spring (17) simultaneously, thus give driven wheel (18) decelerating effects, and then make the angular velocity of rotation of angular velocity of rotation near driving wheel (6) of driven wheel (18), when the angular velocity of rotation of driven wheel (18) is reduced to identical with the angular velocity of rotation of driving wheel (6), due to driven wheel (18) unpowered property and there is the characteristic of load, the angular velocity of rotation of driven wheel (18) can be reduced to the angular velocity of rotation being less than driving wheel (6) very soon, now, the follower internal thread (15) of follower (30) rotates along driven wheel rotating shaft cover outside thread (16) and makes follower (30) in rotary moving near driven wheel (18) to the right, and extrude driven wheel spring (17), thus slow down the speed that follower (30) moves right, be screwed into along driven wheel rotating shaft cover outside thread (16) rotation at the follower internal thread (15) of follower (30), when arriving the binding site of driven wheel rotating shaft cover outside thread (16) and driven wheel (18) and driven wheel rotating shaft cover (20), follower (30) stops precession, now driving wheel (6), driving wheel accessory whorl (8), follower (30), follower accessory whorl (13) and driven wheel (18) engage completely, make driving wheel (6) and driven wheel (18) energy safety, balance, reach same angular velocity synchronous rotary efficiently.
2. screw thread socket clutch as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: initiatively wheels comprise a driving wheel (6), driving wheel (6) right side is arranged on and the driving wheel accessory whorl (8) be fixedly linked with driving wheel (6) concentric and with driving wheel (6) with one, the left side of driving wheel (6) and right side respectively have a magnetic intensity to be greater than the magnet ring of 3000 Gausses near driving wheel (6) excircle, the effect of magnet ring is the follower (30) allowing the contactless pushing driving wheel (6) of driving lever (21) shift to or move apart driving wheel (6) right side, driving wheel accessory whorl (8) diameter is less than driving wheel (6) diameter, the right side of driving wheel accessory whorl (8) is namely installed with a driving wheel accessory whorl away from driving wheel (6) side near the outer circumferential position of driving wheel accessory whorl (8) and rubs outward cone bucket (24), driving wheel accessory whorl rubs outward and bores bucket (24) and driving wheel accessory whorl (8) concentric, and driving wheel accessory whorl rubs outward, the outer barrel face of cone bucket (24) is that driving wheel accessory whorl rubs outward the outer tilted conical surface (25) of cone bucket, driving wheel accessory whorl away from driving wheel accessory whorl (8) rub outward cone bucket (24) bucket wall than the driving wheel accessory whorl of close driving wheel accessory whorl (8) rub outward bore bucket (24) bucket wall thin, driving wheel accessory whorl rub outward cone bucket (24) bucket inside, driving wheel accessory whorl (8) is installed with the driving wheel accessory whorl tooth (9) of one group of annular away from driving wheel (6) side position, this driving wheel accessory whorl tooth (9) and driving wheel accessory whorl (8) concentric, the crown of driving wheel accessory whorl tooth (9) and driving wheel accessory whorl tooth cone angle α(33) , α=60 °, driving wheel accessory whorl tooth (9) crown is isosceles triangle along the tangent line cross section of driving wheel accessory whorl tooth (9) circle, isosceles triangle bottom line mid point overlaps with the radial line of driving wheel accessory whorl (8) with the center line of the line of isosceles triangle drift angle, i.e. isosceles triangle, this driving wheel accessory whorl tooth (9) to its central core region is smooth surface, the driving wheel accessory whorl (8) on driving wheel (6) and right side thereof is enclosed within a fixing non-rotary stationary axle (1), and driving wheel (6) is connected by bearing with stationary axle (1) with driving wheel accessory whorl (8).
3. screw thread socket clutch as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: driven wheels comprise a follower (30), with one be fixedly mounted on follower (30) left side and with the follower accessory whorl (13) of follower (30) concentric, and be fixedly mounted on the follower spring (11) in follower accessory whorl (13) left side, the diameter of follower accessory whorl (13) is less than the diameter of follower (30), the left side of follower accessory whorl (13) is namely installed with follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket (26) away from follower (30) side near the outer circumferential position of follower accessory whorl (13), follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket (26) and follower accessory whorl (13) concentric, and the interior bucket face of follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket (26) is follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket inner conical surface (27), follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket (26) wall away from follower accessory whorl (13) is thinner than follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket (26) wall of close follower accessory whorl (13), the inwall radius of follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket (26) and the driving wheel accessory whorl exterior radius of boring bucket (24) that rubs outward matches, namely rotate driving wheel accessory whorl rub outward cone bucket (24) near friction speed rotate or static follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket (26) and close to each other time, outside driving wheel accessory whorl rubs outward and bores bucket, tilted conical surface (25) just rubs mutually with follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket inner conical surface (27), and driving wheel accessory whorl rubs outward, cone bucket (24) is nearer with follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket (26) distance, this friction is larger, the follower accessory whorl tooth (29) of one group of annular is installed with, this follower accessory whorl tooth (29) and follower accessory whorl (13) concentric, the crown of follower accessory whorl tooth (29) and follower accessory whorl tooth cone angle inside the bucket of follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket (26) β(34) , β=60 °, the tangent line cross section that follower accessory whorl tooth (29) crown is obedient to driving wheel accessory whorl tooth (29) circle is isosceles triangle, isosceles triangle bottom line mid point overlaps with the radial line of follower accessory whorl (13) with the center line of the line of isosceles triangle drift angle, i.e. isosceles triangle, and its radius of circle of the tooth central point composition of follower accessory whorl tooth (29) is equal with its radius of circle that the tooth central point of driving wheel accessory whorl tooth (9) forms, the inner side of follower accessory whorl tooth (29) is namely installed with a follower spring (11) near follower accessory whorl (13) axle center district, the left side of this follower spring (11) is installed with a left ring friction of follower spring (10) near driving wheel accessory whorl (8) one end, the radius of the left ring friction of follower spring (10) is less than the radius of a circle of the tooth inner side surface composition of driving wheel accessory whorl tooth (9), when driving wheel accessory whorl (8) shifts to follower accessory whorl (13), the left ring friction of follower spring (10) rides on the smooth surface on driving wheel accessory whorl (8) right side, and produce certain friction effect, make the angular velocity of rotation of the angular velocity of rotation of driving wheel accessory whorl (8) and follower accessory whorl (13) progressively close, when driving wheel accessory whorl (8) shifts to follower accessory whorl (13) direction, driving wheel accessory whorl (8) first presses close to the left ring friction of follower spring (10), and extrude follower spring (11), in the process of extruding follower spring (11), make the rotational speed of the rotational speed of driving wheel accessory whorl (8) and follower accessory whorl (13) progressively close, be extruded to a certain degree at follower spring (11), driving wheel accessory whorl cone bucket (24) that rubs outward starts to contact with follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket (26) and produces and rubs, rotate driving wheel accessory whorl rub outward cone bucket (24) with rotating Vortex or static follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket (26) progressively close, and because of driving wheel accessory whorl rub outward the outer tilted conical surface (25) of cone bucket and follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket inner conical surface (27) mutual friction along with close Distance Shortened constantly increase time, this friction large to a certain extent and make driving wheel accessory whorl rub outward cone bucket (24) and follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket (26) relative rotational close to time, follower accessory whorl tooth (29) and driving wheel accessory whorl tooth (9) engage each other.
4. screw thread socket clutch as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: passive wheels comprise a driven wheel (18), with a driven wheel spring (17) be fixedly linked with driven wheel (18) left surface, the left end of driven wheel spring (17) is namely installed with a left ring friction of driven wheel spring (14) near the right side of follower (30), the radius of the left ring friction of driven wheel spring (14) is less than the radius of follower (30), the spring strength of follower spring (11) is less than the spring strength of driven wheel spring (17), thus make driving wheel accessory whorl (8) extrude follower spring (11) to driving wheel accessory whorl rub outward cone bucket (24) with follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket (26) contact with each other and produce rub time, follower (30) extruding driven wheel spring (17) makes driven wheel spring (17) less by compression degree, follower accessory whorl (13) is connected by bearing with stationary axle (1) cylindrical, follower (30) has follower internal thread (15) near the region of stationary axle (1), driven wheel (18) is fixedly mounted on a driven wheel rotating shaft cover (20), the inner side of driven wheel rotating shaft cover (20) is driven wheel rotating shaft cover bearing (19), driven wheel rotating shaft cover (20) overlaps bearing (19) with stationary axle (1) by driven wheel rotating shaft and is connected, driven wheel rotating shaft cover bearing (19) can only be done and rotate around stationary axle (1) on stationary axle (1), can not do and move axially along stationary axle (1), and the follower accessory whorl bearing (12) of the drive wheel bearing (5) of driving wheel (6) and follower accessory whorl (13) can while rotating around stationary axle (1), axially move left and right along stationary axle (1), driven wheel rotating shaft is had to overlap outside thread (16) in driven wheel rotating shaft cover (20) outside of driven wheel (18) left field, driven wheel rotating shaft cover outside thread (16) and follower internal thread (15) match, when the driving wheel (6) rotated is passed and the left magnet ring of the right magnetic patch of driving lever left arm (3) contactless pushing driving wheel (4) at driving lever (21), when making driving wheel (6) shift to follower (30), driving wheel accessory whorl (8) first extrudes the left ring friction of follower spring (10) and follower spring (11), in the process of extruding follower spring (11), because the spring-force driven dual of follower spring (11), with the friction effect of the left ring friction of follower spring (10) with driving wheel accessory whorl (8) right side smooth surface, make driving wheel accessory whorl (8) progressively close with the angular velocity of rotation of follower accessory whorl (13), when follower spring (11) is expressed to a certain degree, driving wheel accessory whorl cone bucket (24) that rubs outward starts to contact with follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket (26) and produces and rubs, driving wheel accessory whorl rub outward cone bucket (24) and follower accessory whorl internal friction bucket (26) near and rub relative rotation angle speed close to time, follower accessory whorl tooth (29) and driving wheel accessory whorl tooth (9) engage each other.
CN201410151795.6A 2014-04-16 2014-04-16 Screw thread socket clutch Active CN103883640B (en)

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Effective date of registration: 20180710

Address after: 226300 group 25, Taoyuan Village, five connecting Town, Tongzhou District, Nantong, Jiangsu.

Patentee after: Nantong Sheng Qing environmental protection equipment Co., Ltd.

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Patentee before: Wei Boqing