CN103860165A - Lead standard interface for collecting electrocardiogram signal and electrocardiograph monitoring device - Google Patents

Lead standard interface for collecting electrocardiogram signal and electrocardiograph monitoring device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103860165A
CN103860165A CN201410076362.9A CN201410076362A CN103860165A CN 103860165 A CN103860165 A CN 103860165A CN 201410076362 A CN201410076362 A CN 201410076362A CN 103860165 A CN103860165 A CN 103860165A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
lead
ecg
digital
information
configuration
Prior art date
Application number
CN201410076362.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
马骁
Original Assignee
马骁
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 马骁 filed Critical 马骁
Priority to CN201410076362.9A priority Critical patent/CN103860165A/en
Publication of CN103860165A publication Critical patent/CN103860165A/en

Links

Abstract

The invention relates to a lead standard interface which comprises a digital port and an analog port and is characterized in that the analog port respectively comprises 16 analog input ends and analog output ends, wherein the analog input ends are compatible with leads in the amount of one to eighteen; the analog input ends of the analog port are respectively connected with a plurality of electrodes of the leads through lead wires, so that overhead idle ports in the 16 analog input ends are automatically closed when an electrocardiogram analog signal is acquired, and the electrocardiogram analog signal is not acquired from the idle ports; the digital port comprises a plurality of digital input ends and digital output ends; the digital port is electrically connected with the lead wires of different quantity of leads and is used for acquiring digital signals in the lead wires. The invention also provides a lead wire matched with the lead standard interface, an electrocardiogram signal collecting switching module, an electrocardiograph monitoring device and an electrocardiograph monitoring system.

Description

—种用于心电信号采集的导联标准接口及心电监护设备 - the kind used for ECG acquisition of the lead standard interfaces and ECG monitoring equipment

[0001] 技术领域 [0001] Technical Field

[0002] 本发明涉及心电监护装置,尤其涉及一种用于心电监护设备中的心电信号采集的通用导联接口、通用导联线以及相应的心电信号采集转接模块、心电监护设备和和心电监护系统。 [0002] The present invention relates to ECG monitoring means, in particular, it relates to a universal lead interface, a universal lead wires of the ECG acquisition device ECG and corresponding ECG acquisition module adapter, for ECG and monitoring equipment and ECG monitoring system.

背景技术 Background technique

[0003] 随着移动通信技术以及传感器技术的不断发展,移动医疗设备特别是便携式的关键生命体征采集、分析、传输设备得到了广泛的关注。 [0003] With the development of mobile communication technology and sensor technology, mobile medical equipment, especially portable key vital signs collection, analysis, transmission equipment has been widespread concern. [0004] 例如便携式心电采集设备可以向用户在移动环境下提供心电监护、分析、预警等功能,便携式心电采集设备主要包含心电采集处理、无线通信、数据存储、中央处理等部分。 [0004] such as a portable ECG acquisition device may provide ECG monitoring in a mobile environment to the user, analysis and alarm functions, the portable ECG acquisition device mainly comprises ECG acquisition processing, wireless communications, data storage, the central processing section. 其中心电采集处理模块对用户的心电模拟信号进行隔离、滤波、放大、组合、A/D转换(模拟/数字转换)等处理,从而获得用户的心电数字信号。 A central acquisition and processing module is electrically user isolation ECG analog signals, filters, amplifies, combinations, A / D converter (analog / digital conversion) and the like processing, thereby obtaining the user's digital ECG signal. 无线通信模块主要用于用户心电数据、分析及预警结果的传输。 The wireless communication module is mainly used for transmission of ECG data, analysis results and alert the user. 数据存储模块用于心电数据的本地存储。 ECG data storage means for storing data locally. 中央处理模块控制设备中各个模块的工作,同时也可进行心电数据的分析从而提供预警等功能。 Analysis of central processing module controls the working of each module of the device, while the ECG data may be performed so as to provide early warning functions.

[0005] 用户使用心电采集设备进行心电信号的采集,需要佩戴导联线。 [0005] User ECG acquisition device for ECG acquisition, the lead wires need to wear. 以目前的便携式心电采集设备为例,出现了从单导联采集到十二导联采集的心电采集装置,以满足用户在不同场景下的多种需求。 In current portable ECG acquisition device as an example, there has been collected from a single joint leads to the ECG acquisition device twelve lead collection, in order to meet various needs of users under different scenarios. 例如,用于重病监护的心电监护设备要求使用者连接10根电极线至身体指定部位采集十二导联的心电信号才能符合医学诊断的标准。 For example, for the intensive care unit of the ECG device requires the user to connect 10 electrode line to body parts designated twelve-lead ECG acquisition in order to meet the standards of medical diagnosis. 另一方面,在日常生活中,使用者一般会采用单导联或者三导联的设备来简单观察自己的身体状况(例如心跳频率)。 On the other hand, in daily life, the user typically will use a single lead or lead to device three simple observation of their physical condition (e.g., heart rate). 对于具有不同导联的设备,其导联信号输入端数目也不相同,导联数目越多,其导联信号输入端数目也越多,其获得的心电数据越精确,而使用也就越麻烦。 For devices having different leads, the number of signal input lead which is not the same, the more the number of leads, the number of signal inputs which leads the more, the more accurate their ECG data obtained using the more trouble. 例如单导联的设备,其导联信号输入端数目为2或者3,对于十二导联的设备,导联信号输入端数目为10,而对于十八导联的设备,导联信号输入端数目为16。 For example, a single lead of the device, the number of signal input leads which is 2 or 3, twelve lead to the apparatus, the number of signal input leads 10, and leads to the apparatus eighteen, the number of signal input leads head 16. 然而,在现有的产品和技术方案中,对于某个特定的心电设备其导联信号输入端的数目是固定的。 However, in the conventional products and technical solutions, for a particular number of ECG signal input device which leads are fixed. 也就是说,现有心电设备无法根据用户的需求提供不同数目的导联信号输入端,同一个设备可能无法满足用户在不同场景下对设备精度和使用方便性的选择。 That is, the conventional ECG equipment can not provide a different number of signal input leads in accordance with the needs of users, the same device may not meet the user's selection of precision equipment and ease of use in different scenarios.

[0006] 此外,现有的设备无法对用户所处环境及其自身状态进行智能、全面的感知,即使在出现导联线脱落、或者连接故障等问题时也无法识别。 [0006] In addition, existing equipment can not perform its own to the user environment and the status of the intelligent and comprehensive sensing, occurs even when off-line guide, or the connection can not identify the fault and the like.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0007] 基于上述现实的需求,本申请发明了一种导联通用标准接口,以及与该接口相配合的通用导联线,自适应配置模块,以解决目前心电监护设备中不能兼容不同数目的导联的问题,提出了一种能够兼容不同导联数目的心电监护设备和心电监护系统。 [0007] Based on the above-described real demand, application of the present invention with a standard guide link interfaces, as well as cooperating with the common lead wire interfaces, adaptive configuration module, to resolve the current ECG is not compatible with a different number of devices problem leads, we proposed a number of different compatible lead ECG monitoring equipment and ECG monitoring system.

[0008] 本发明提出的导联标准接口,包括数字端口和模拟端口,其特征在于: [0008] Lead standard interface proposed by the present invention, including a digital port and analog ports, wherein:

[0009] 所述模拟端口分别包括16个模拟输入端和模拟输出端,所述模拟输入端能够与单导联到十八导联中的每一种数目的导联相兼容;[0010] 所述模拟端口的所述模拟输入端通过导联线与导联的多个电极分别连接以获得心电模拟信号时,对于所述16个模拟输入端中悬空的空闲端口,自动关闭,不从所述空闲端口采集心电模拟信号; [0009] The analog port 16 each include analog inputs and analog outputs, the analog input can go to each of eighteen number of leads in the lead is compatible with a single lead; [0010] The said analog of said analog input ports respectively connected to obtaining the ECG analog signal to the analog input terminal 16 in the floating idle port, automatically closed by the plurality of lead wires to electrode leads, not from the said idle port ECG analog signal acquisition;

[0011] 所述数字端口包括多个数字输入端和数字输出端,所述数字端口与不同导联数目的导联线电气连接,用于获得导联线中的数字信号。 The [0011] digital port comprises a plurality of digital inputs and digital outputs, the digital port number of different lead wire lead electrically connected to a digital signal for obtaining the lead lines.

[0012] 如上所述的导联标准接口,其特征在于: [0012] Lead standard interfaces described above, wherein:

[0013] 所述数字端口是标准数字接口或者是自定义的数字通信接口。 [0013] The digital interface is a digital interface standard or custom digital communication interface.

[0014] 如上所述的导联标准接口,其特征在于: [0014] Lead standard interfaces described above, wherein:

[0015] 所述标准数字接口是USB接口、SPI接口、串行接口、并行接口中的任意一种接口。 The [0015] standard digital interface is a USB interface, SPI interface, a serial interface, a parallel interface of any one interface.

[0016] 如上任一所述的导联标准接口,其特征在于: [0016] The lead as in any one of the standard interfaces, wherein:

[0017] 所述模拟端口中的触点米用面积不小于lmm2的金属触点; [0017] The analog port of the meter with the contact area of ​​not less lmm2 metal contact;

[0018] 承载所述模拟端口的所述金属触点的基体材料采用低介电常数的绝缘材料,以保证所述金属触点之间的绝缘性。 [0018] The carrier material of the insulating base material of the analog ports metal contacts using a low dielectric constant, in order to ensure insulation between the metal contacts.

[0019] 如上任一所述的导联标准接口,其特征在于: [0019] The lead as in any one of the standard interfaces, wherein:

[0020] 所述模拟端口中的触点之间的间距不小于0.5mm,以减小分布电容的影响,从而提高所述模拟输入端口的共模信号抑制能力。 [0020] The spacing between the analog port of the contacts is not less than 0.5mm, in order to reduce the influence of stray capacitance, thereby increasing the common mode rejection of the analog signal input port.

[0021] 如上任一所述的导联标准接口,其特征在于: [0021] The lead as in any one of the standard interfaces, wherein:

[0022] 所述模拟端口与数字端口之间采用低介电常数的绝缘材料进行隔离,隔离厚度不小于1_,从而防止进行心脏除颤时的高电压将心电监护仪内部的数字器件击穿烧毁。 [0022] The analog low dielectric constant insulating material between the isolation port and a digital port, the isolation thickness not less than 1_, thereby preventing the high voltage defibrillation is performed inside the digital ECG device breakdown burn.

[0023] 如上任一所述的导联标准接口,其特征在于: [0023] The lead as in any one of the standard interfaces, wherein:

[0024] 所述模拟端口正常工作电压范围在-5V到+5V之间,对于除颤高压,可以耐受瞬时的的脉冲高压,所述瞬时的脉冲高压标准是4ms-10ms内产生40J-400J的热量。 [0024] The analog port in the normal operating voltage range -5V to + 5V, defibrillation to high pressure, can withstand the transient high voltage pulse, high voltage standard of the transient pulse is generated within the 4ms-10ms 40J-400J heat.

[0025] 如上任一所述的导联标准接口,其特征在于: [0025] The lead as in any one of the standard interfaces, wherein:

[0026] 所述导联标准接口中还设置有导联线插入检测装置。 [0026] The lead is also provided with a standard interface lead wire insertion detecting means.

[0027] 如上所述的导联标准接口,其特征在于: [0027] Lead standard interfaces described above, wherein:

[0028] 所述导联线插入检测装置包括金属触电、光发射接收装置中的任意一个。 [0028] The lead wire insertion detecting means comprises a metal electrical shock, the light emitting device of any one receiver.

[0029] 本发明还提出了一种与如上任一所述的导联标准接口配合使用的导联线,所述导联线的一端设置有导联标准接口,另一端设置有一个或多个佩戴电极,导联线中设置有模拟传输线与数字传输线; [0029] The present invention further provides a lead with the lead wires with the use of standard interfaces, such as the office a, the end of the guide wire is provided with a standard interface leads, and the other end is provided with one or more wearing electrode lead wire analog transmission line is provided with the digital transmission line;

[0030] 所述导联标准接口包括模拟输出端口与数字输出端口,与权利要求1-7任一所述的标准接口中的模拟输入端口、数字输入端口相匹配,具有一致的电气特性; [0030] The lead standard interface includes an analog output analog input ports 1-7 of the standard interface in a digital output port, and the claims, the digital input port match, having uniform electrical characteristics;

[0031] 其特征在于: [0031] wherein:

[0032] 所述导联线还包括数字芯片,所述数字芯片内嵌在导联线中,并通过所述数字传输线与所述数字输出端口电连接; [0032] The lead wire further comprises a digital chip, a digital chip embedded in the lead wire and connected electrically to said digital output port via the digital transmission line;

[0033] 所述佩戴电极通过所述模拟传输线与所述模拟输出端口电连接; [0033] The wearable electrode through the analog transmission line is electrically connected to the analog output port;

[0034] 所述数字芯片中存储有导联线属性相关的信息。 The [0034] stored digital chip lead wire attribute information related.

[0035] 如上所述的导联线,其特征在于: [0035] The lead wire as described above, wherein:

[0036] 所述导联线属性相关的信息指的是与导联线制造、使用、配置相关的信息,包括所述导联线的制造商信息、所述导联线的所述佩戴电极数目、所述导联线的材料、所述导联线的阻抗、所述导联线的生产日期中的一个或多个信息。 [0036] The lead wire means attribute information associated with the lead wires of manufacture, use, configuration-related information, including the manufacturer information associated guide wire, said guide wire with the number of electrodes to wear the guide-line of the material, the impedance of the lead-line of the guide line with a production date or a plurality of information.

[0037] 本发明中提出了一种心电信号采集转接模块,所述心电信号采集转接模块包括如上任一所述的导联标准接口和导联监控模块,所述导联监控模块包括导联连接检测电路和微控制芯片; [0037] The present invention proposes an ECG acquisition module adapter, said adapter ECG data acquisition module comprises a standard interface, such as lead, and lead to a monitoring module of the office, the lead monitoring module comprising a detection circuit and connected leads microcontroller chip;

[0038] 其特征在于: [0038] wherein:

[0039] 所述导联连接检测电路包括导联插入检测电路和导联脱落检测电路; [0039] The detection circuit includes a lead connected to the lead insertion detecting circuit, and lead-off detection circuit;

[0040] 所述导联插入检测电路用于检测当前设备的所述导联标准接口中是否有导联线插入,所述导联线插入信息可作为导联监控信息之一提供给心电监护设备判断当前导联线的使用、佩戴状态; [0040] The lead insertion detecting circuit for determining whether there is a lead wire insertion detecting apparatus of the current standard interface lead, the lead wire insertion information may be provided to the ECG monitoring information as one of the leads Analyzing device currently used with the guide wire, wearing state;

[0041] 所述导联脱落检测电路用于检测佩戴电极与用户皮肤接触情况,从而判断佩戴电极是否与用户皮肤连接或者导联电极是否脱落; [0041] The lead-off detection circuit for detecting a user's skin in contact with the electrode wear, the electrode wear in order to determine whether the user's skin or connected to an electrode lead is off;

[0042] 所述微控制芯片通过数字信号线与所述导联标准接口中的所述数字端口连接,获取导联线属性相关的信息; [0042] The microcontroller chip port connected via a digital signal line and the lead of the digital interface standard, the lead wire acquiring attribute information relating;

[0043] 所述心电信号采集转接模块根据所述导联监控模块中的所述导联连接检测电路检测到的信号以及所述微控制芯片获得的导联线属性相关的信息确定当前实际使用的导联数目。 [0043] The ECG acquisition module adapter detected by the monitoring module to the lead in the lead connection detection circuit and the signal lead lines of the microcontroller chip obtained attribute information related to determining the current actual the number of leads used.

[0044] 如上所述的心电信号采集转接模块,其特征在于: [0044] The ECG acquisition module adapter as described above, wherein:

[0045] 所述导联插入检测电路通过检测所述导联标准接口内部的金属触点是否导通来判断是否有金属外壳的导联线插入。 [0045] The lead is inserted through the detecting circuit detecting whether the internal standard interface to the lead conductive metal contact to determine whether a metal lead wires inserted into the housing.

[0046] 如上所述的心电信号采集转接模块,其特征在于:`[0047] 所述导联插入检测电路通过检测所述通用导联接口内部的发光二极管和光电二极管来发射和接收特定光信号来判断是否有导联线插入。 [0046] The ECG acquisition module adapter as described above, wherein: `[0047] The lead insertion detecting circuit detecting said emitted by the light emitting diode and a photodiode common inner lead of the interface and receiving a specific optical signal to determine whether there is a lead wire insertion.

[0048] 如上所述的心电信号采集转接模块,其特征在于: [0048] The ECG acquisition module adapter as described above, wherein:

[0049] 所述导联插入检测电路通过检测所述通用导联接口内部的物理开关的通断状态来判断是否有导联线插入。 [0049] The lead insertion detecting circuit detects a physical state by switching off the interior of the universal interface leads to determine whether there is a lead wire insertion.

[0050] 如上所述的心电信号采集转接模块,其特征在于: [0050] The ECG acquisition module adapter as described above, wherein:

[0051 ] 所述物理开关包括接触式开关。 The [0051] physical switch comprises a contact switch.

[0052] 如上所述的心电信号采集转接模块,其特征在于: [0052] The ECG acquisition module adapter as described above, wherein:

[0053] 所述导联脱落检测电路是交流式导联脱落检测电路,或者是直流式导联脱落检测电路。 [0053] The lead-off detector circuit is a current-type lead-off detecting circuit, or a DC-type lead-off detecting circuit.

[0054] 如上所述的心电信号采集转接模块,其特征在于: [0054] The ECG acquisition module adapter as described above, wherein:

[0055] 所述交流式导联脱落检测电路包括激励信号输出模块、差分放大器、A/D转换器、滤波器、检测器; [0055] The AC-type lead-off detection circuit includes excitation signal output module, a differential amplifier, A / D converter, a filter, a detector;

[0056] 所述激励信号输出模块产生一个正常心电信号频带以外的交流信号作为检测信号至人体皮肤表面; [0056] The excitation signal output module generates a normal heart the electrical signal other than the frequency band of an AC signal as a detection signal to the surface of the skin;

[0057] 所述交流信号经人体皮肤表面,通过佩戴电极,进入导联,到所述导联脱落检测电路; [0057] The AC signal surface of the skin, by wearing the electrodes into lead, lead off to the detecting circuit;

[0058] 经过差分放大器,A/D转换器、滤波器后,通过所述检测器检测所述交流信号的幅度,从而判断所述佩戴电极是否脱落。 [0058] After the differential amplifier, A / D converter, a filter, through an amplitude of the AC signal of the detector, thereby determining whether the electrode worn off. [0059] 如上所述的心电信号采集转接模块,其特征在于: [0059] The ECG acquisition module adapter as described above, wherein:

[0060] 所述直流式导联脱落检测电路包括差分放大器,以及分别设置在所述差分放大器正负输入端的上拉电阻、下拉电阻; [0060] The current formula leadoff detection circuit includes a differential amplifier and the differential amplifier are respectively disposed on the negative input terminal of the pull-down resistor;

[0061] 通过检测所述差分放大器的输出信号,判断所述佩戴电极是否脱落。 [0061] detecting an output signal of the differential amplifier, it is determined whether the electrode wear off.

[0062] 如上所述的心电信号采集转接模块,其特征在于: [0062] The ECG acquisition module adapter as described above, wherein:

[0063] 所述直流式导联脱落检测电路包括差分放大器,以及分别设置在所述差分放大器正负输入端的微小直流电流源; [0063] The current formula leadoff detection circuit includes a differential amplifier, the differential amplifier and the negative input terminal of the DC current source for each minute is provided;

[0064] 所述微小直流电流源产生一个微小的电流,通过检测所述差分放大器的输出信号,判断所述佩戴电极是否脱落。 The [0064] DC current source to produce a fine small current, the electrode is worn off by detecting whether the output signal of the differential amplifier, is determined.

[0065] 基于上述的心电信号采集转接模块,本发明还提出了一种心电监护设备,所述心电监护设备包括如上任一所述的心电信号采集转接模块,ECG前端处理模块、前端配置监测模块、用户配置存储模块和中央处理模块; [0065] Based on the above transfer ECG acquisition module, the present invention also proposes an ECG apparatus, the ECG apparatus comprises as in any one of said adapter modules ECG acquisition, the ECG front-end processing module, a front end module configured to monitor, user configuration storage module and a central processing module;

[0066] 其特征在于: [0066] wherein:

[0067] 所述ECG前端处理模块从所述心电信号采集转接模块获取模拟心电信号,并对所述模拟心电信号进行处理和转换,生成数字心电信号,传递给所述中央处理模块; [0067] the ECG analog front end processing module acquires ECG signals from the ECG acquisition module adapter, and the analog ECG signals processed and converted to generate a digital ECG signal, is transmitted to the central processing module;

[0068] 所述前端配置检测模块从ECG前端处理模块中检测当前的ECG前端配置信息,并将检测结果上传给中央处理模块; [0068] The configuration of the front end detection module detects the current configuration information from the ECG front end ECG front-end processing module, and uploads the detection result to the central processing module;

[0069] 所述中央处理模块从所述心电信号采集转接模块中直接获取数字信号,并从所述用户配置存储模块中读取所述`用户对所述心电监护设备的配置参数,对上传至所述中央处理模块中的数字心电信号、所述前端配置信息进行处理、分析,从而生成用户情况信息。 [0069] The central processing module acquires from the ECG acquisition module directly transfer digital signals, and the user configuration from the storage module reads the user configuration parameters `the ECG monitoring device, digital ECG uploaded to the central processing module, the front end of the configuration information is processed, analyzed, thereby generating the user's situation information.

[0070] 如上所述的心电监护设备,其特征在于: [0070] ECG monitoring apparatus as described above, wherein:

[0071] 所述心电监护设备还包括环境监测模块; The [0071] ECG apparatus further including environmental monitoring module;

[0072] 所述环境监测模块向所述中央处理模块提供当前的周围环境信息。 [0072] The monitoring module provides the current environment surrounding environment information to the central processing module.

[0073] 如上所述的心电监护设备,其特征在于: [0073] ECG monitoring apparatus as described above, wherein:

[0074] 所述周围环境信息包括位置、光线、温度、湿度、空气质量、气压、温度、磁场信息中的一个或多个。 [0074] The ambient environment information includes location, light, temperature, humidity, air quality, pressure, temperature, magnetic field or a plurality of information.

[0075] 如上任一所述的心电监护设备,其特征在于: [0075] ECG apparatus as in any one of claim, wherein:

[0076] 所述ECG前端处理模块对所述模拟心电信号进行处理和转换包括对模拟心电信号的隔离、滤波、放大、组合、A/D转换。 [0076] The ECG front end processing module for processing said analog ECG signal and converting the analog ECG signal comprising the isolation, filter, amplify, in combination, A / D conversion.

[0077] 如上任一所述的心电监护设备,其特征在于: [0077] ECG apparatus as in any one of claim, wherein:

[0078] 所述中央处理模块对所述前端配置信息进行处理、分析,包括根据所述数字心电信号对病情紧急程度进行初步筛选和判断,并分为不同的等级。 [0078] The central processing module configured to process the front end information, analysis, including preliminary screening of the disease and the degree of emergency is determined according to the digital ECG signal, and is divided into different levels.

[0079] 如上所述的心电监护设备,其特征在于: [0079] ECG monitoring apparatus as described above, wherein:

[0080] 所述不同的等级包括正常、轻微异常、异常、严重异常。 [0080] The different levels comprising normal, slightly abnormal, abnormality, severely abnormal.

[0081] 如上任一所述的心电监护设备,其特征在于: [0081] ECG apparatus as in any one of claim, wherein:

[0082] 所述前端配置信息包括所述EGC前端处理模块支持的通道数、各通道放大倍数、滤波器参数、采样率、量化精度、参考电压中的一个或多个参数信息。 [0082] The distal end of the configuration information comprises a number of channels supported by the EGC front-end processing module, each channel magnification, filter parameters, the sampling rate, the quantization precision, with reference to one or more parameters of the voltage information.

[0083] 如上任一所述的心电监护设备,其特征在于: [0083] ECG apparatus as in any one of claim, wherein:

[0084] 所述用户配置存储模块中的所述配置参数包括导联线数目、采样率、位置中的一个或多个。 [0084] The configuration of the user memory module configuration parameters include the number of lead wires, sampling rate, or a plurality of positions.

[0085] 如上任一所述的心电监护设备,其特征在于: [0085] ECG apparatus as in any one of claim, wherein:

[0086] 所述ECG前端处理模块包含带通滤波电路、放大器电路、导联选择电路、16个A/D转换通道; [0086] The ECG front end processing module includes a bandpass filter circuit, the amplifier circuit, lead selection circuit, 16 A / D converter channel;

[0087] 所述模拟心电信号由心电采集转接模块的模拟心电信号接口输入并转换成所述数字心电信号; [0087] The analog ECG signal from the ECG acquisition module adapter interface input analog ECG signal and converted into the digital ECG;

[0088] 所述中央处理模块通过sPI接口获得所述数字心电信号,并直接通过串口电路从所述心电信号采集转接模块中获取所述数字信息。 [0088] The central processing module obtained by the ECG signal sPI digital interface and the digital information acquired from the ECG acquisition module directly through the serial adapter circuit.

[0089] 如上任一所述的心电监护设备,其特征在于: [0089] ECG apparatus as in any one of claim, wherein:

[0090] 所述前端配置检测模块通过SPI接口与所述ECG前端处理模块连接; [0090] The configuration of the front end module is connected via the SPI interface detection and the ECG front-end processing module;

[0091] 通过串行接口与中央处理模块连接。 [0091] connected through the serial interface with the central processing module.

[0092] 如上任一所述的心电监护设备,其特征在于: [0092] ECG apparatus as in any one of claim, wherein:

[0093] 所述环境监测模块包含GPS定位模块、加速度传感器、湿度传感器、温度传感器、气压传感器、光电传感器、磁传感器、气体传感器中的一个或多个,通过串行接口与中央处理模块连接。 [0093] The environmental monitoring module includes a GPS positioning module, an acceleration sensor, a humidity sensor, a temperature sensor, a pressure sensor, a photoelectric sensor, a magnetic sensor, a gas sensor or a plurality, is connected via the serial interface with the central processing module.

[0094] 如上任一所述的心电监护设备,其特征在于: [0094] ECG apparatus as in any one of claim, wherein:

[0095] 所述用户配置存储模块用于存储当前设备的用户配置,采用SD卡作为存储媒介,通过SDIO接口与所述中央处理模块连接。 [0095] The user configuration storage means for storing the current user of the device configuration, using an SD card as a storage medium, via SDIO interface with the central processing module.

[0096] 本发明还提出了一种自适应心电监护系统,所述系统包括如上任一所述的心电监护设备,其特征在于: [0096] The invention also proposes an adaptive ECG monitoring system, said system comprising as defined in any one of the ECG apparatus, characterized in that:

[0097] 所述心电信号采集转接模块向所述中央处理模块提供当前的导联配置信息; [0097] The ECG acquisition module provides a current switching configuration information leads to the central processing module;

[0098] 所述前端配置检测模块向所述中央处理模块提供当前的前端配置信息; [0098] The front end module configured to detect the front end of the central processing module the current configuration information;

[0099] 所述ECG前端处理模块向所述中央处理模块提供当前的数字心电信息; [0099] The ECG front end processing module provides a digital current electrocardiographic information to the central processing module;

[0100] 所述环境检测模块向所述中央处理模块提供当前的环境信息; [0100] The environment detection module provides the current context information to the central processing module;

[0101] 所述中央处理模炔基于所述导联配置信息、所述前端配置信息、所述数字心电信息、所述环境信息,对用户配置存储模块和ECG前端处理模块进行自适应配置。 [0101] The central processing module based on the lead alkynyl configuration information, the configuration information of the front end, the digital electrocardiographic information, the environmental information, user configuration for the storage module and the processing module performs adaptive ECG front end configuration.

[0102] 如上所述的自适应心电监护系统,其特征在于: [0102] As described above adaptive ECG monitoring system, comprising:

[0103] 所述自适应配置包括如下四个步骤: [0103] The adaptive configuration comprises the following four steps:

[0104] 一、获得静态信息和动态信息,所述静态信息包含所述导联线属性及前端配置信息;所述动态信息包含所述导联连接状态、用户配置、环境信息、用户情况; [0104] First, to obtain static and dynamic information, said static information comprises attributes of the lead wires and the distal end configuration; the dynamic information including the lead connection state, user profile, context information, user's situation;

[0105] 二、根据所述静态信息构造符合当前设备能力及导联线采集能力的自适应配置集,即配置矩阵,所述自适应配置矩阵包含可以满足当前静态信息的所有可能配置向量; [0105] Second, according to the static information configured in line with an adaptive current device capability acquisition capacity and leadwire configuration set, i.e. a matrix configuration, the configuration matrix adaptive vector containing all possible configurations to meet the current static information;

[0106] 三、对所述动态信息进行处理分析,根据当前的导联连接状态、用户手动配置、环境信息以及用户情况进行配置向量的映射,并按照权重比例对设备的配置向量中各项配置元素进行门限判决,并生成当前的目标配置向量; [0106] Third, the dynamic information processing and analysis, according to the current lead connection state, manual configuration, the user environment information and mapping configuration where the vector and configuration vector according to the weight ratio of the weight of the device configuration threshold decision elements and generate the current configuration of the target vector;

[0107] 四、在所述自适应配置矩阵中选择与目标配置向量差别最小的一项配置向量,SP为最终的自适应配置结果。 [0107] Fourth, the choice of target configuration vector difference between a minimum configuration vector, SP adaptive configuration to a final configuration in the adaptive matrix.

[0108] 如上所述的自适应心电监护系统,其特征在于: [0108] As described above adaptive ECG monitoring system, comprising:

[0109] 所述差别最小是以欧式距离或者汉明距离作为衡量标准来判断。 The [0109] Euclidean distance or the difference is the minimum Hamming distance is determined as a measure. [0110] 如上任一所述的自适应心电监护系统,其特征在于: [0110] The adaptive took an ECG monitoring system of claim, wherein:

[0111]作为最终的自适应配置结果的所述配置向量,按照所述配置向量对所述心电监护设备进行自适应配置,并将所述配置向量存储在所述用户配置存储模块中。 [0111] The configuration of the final configuration of the adaptive vector, adaptive configuring the ECG apparatus according to the configuration vector, the vector and the configuration stored in said configuration storage module user.

[0112] 根据本发明所提出的心电监护设备和系统,不仅可以对所佩戴的导联进行自适应配置,还可以根据其中所设置的多种环境传感器,基于用户所处的环境,对用户的身体状况进行危险等级评估,从而快速进行自适应配置需要的导联数目且给出使用及操作指导和提示,并根据危险等级进行紧急信息上传等报警措施,帮助用户或周围医护人员实现高效、快速的现场评估、诊断和救治。 [0112] The ECG monitoring equipment and system proposed by the present invention, not only can adaptively configure the worn lead, according to various environmental sensor may also be provided in which, based on the environment in which the user, the user physical condition for risk rating, which quickly leads adaptive number of configuration requires the use and operation and gives tips and guidance, and upload information such as emergency measures in accordance with the level of danger alarm, help the user or medical personnel around efficient, rapid on-site assessment, diagnosis and treatment.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0113] 图1导联标准接口示意图 [0113] 1 a schematic view of lead standard interface

[0114] 图2导联线与导联标准接口配合示意图 [0114] FIG. 2 with the lead wire interfaces with standard leads schematic

[0115]图3心电信号采集转接模块框图 [0115] FIG 3 a block diagram of the ECG signal acquisition module adapter

[0116] 图4交流式导联脱落检测电路 [0116] FIG. 4 AC-type lead-off detecting circuit

[0117] 图5基于电阻的直流式导联脱落检测电路 [0117] FIG. 5 based on the resistance of the once-through detection circuit leadoff

[0118] 图6基于电流源的直流式导联脱落检测电路 DC-type conductivity [0118] FIG 6 based on the current source off detection circuit

[0119] 图7心电监护设备框图 [0119] Figure 7 a block diagram of ECG monitoring equipment

[0120] 图8心电监护设备接口框图 [0120] FIG. 8 a block diagram of ECG interface

[0121] 具体实施方法 [0121] DETAILED DESCRIPTION Method

[0122] 如图1所示的导联标准接口,所述导联标准接口包含数字端口和模拟端口两部分。 [0122] Lead standard interface shown in FIG. 1, the lead comprising a digital standard interface ports and two analog ports section. 所述模拟端口包含16个输入端口和16个输出端口,与导联的多个电极分别连接用于传输心电模拟信号,能够兼容单导联到十八导联等多种导联线的模拟信号输入接口要求。 The analog port 16 comprises input ports 16 and output ports, and a plurality of electrode leads are connected for transmission of ECG analog signals, compatible with a single lead to simulate a variety of lead wire leads like the eighteenth a signal input interface requirements. 所述数字端口有多个数字输入输出端,用于传输数字信号,所述数字信号输入端口包括但不仅限于USB、sP1、串行接口等通用数字接口及自定义数字通信接口。 The digital input port has a plurality of digital output terminals for transmitting digital signals, the digital signal input port including but not limited to USB, sP1, universal serial interface and a digital interface custom digital communication interface.

[0123] 所述导联标准接口的模拟端口部分的端口触点采用面积不小于lmm2的金属触点,承载模拟端口金属触点的基底材料采用低介电常数的绝缘材料,保证端口之间的绝缘性能。 [0123] The analog port contact portion leads port interface uses standard metal contact area of ​​not less lmm2, the carrier base material metal contacts analog port of low dielectric constant insulating material, between the ports to ensure that the insulation properties. 模拟端口部分触点之间的间距不小于0.5mm,减小分布电容的影响,从而提高输入端口的共模信号抑制能力。 The spacing between the analog port portion of the contact is not less than 0.5mm, the distributed capacitance is reduced, thereby improving the common-mode signal rejection input port. 所述导联标准接口的模拟端口部分与数字端口部分之间采用低介电常数的绝缘材料进行隔离,隔离厚度不小于1mm,从而防止进行心脏除颤时的高电压将监护仪内部数字器件击穿烧毁。 The use of lead between the analog and digital ports standard interface port portion of the low dielectric constant insulating material to isolate, isolate thickness not less than 1mm, thereby preventing the high voltage defibrillation monitor internal digital devices strike wear burned. 所述导联标准接口的模拟端口部分正常工作电压范围在-5V-+5V之间,对于除颤高压,可以耐受瞬时的(4ms-10ms)的脉冲高压(能量40J-400J)。 The leads of the standard interface ports normal operating voltage range of the analog portion between -5V- + 5V, defibrillation to high pressure, can withstand transient (4ms-10ms) of the high voltage pulse (Energy 40J-400J).

[0124] 需要注意的是,不同电极数量的导联线包含不同数量的模拟输出端口,但其硬件连接均与统一的16个模拟输出端口的接口兼容,未使用的模拟输出端口不包含电气连接。 [0124] It is noted that a different number of electrode lead wires contain a different number of analog output ports, but compatible hardware connections are made to a uniform 16 analog output interfaces, analog outputs are not used do not comprise an electrical connection . 例如一条七导联线包含5个有效模拟输出端口,其余未使用的11个模拟输出端口浮空,与输出端口不包含电气连接。 For example, a lead wire comprising seven valid analog output ports 5, 11 remaining unused floating analog output ports, the output port does not contain electrically connected. 对于数字输出端口,包含不同电极数量的导联线均可使用统一的数字端口进行硬件连接。 For digital output ports, the number of lead wires comprising different electrodes may be used unified digital hardware connection port.

[0125] 具体而言,导联标准接口包括16个模拟心电信号输入端口,其中模拟输入端口上侧和下侧分别有8个触点,和数字输入触点。 [0125] Specifically, lead 16 includes standard interfaces analog ECG signal input port, wherein the analog input port side and the lower side respectively eight contacts, and a digital input contact. 以USB数字接口为例,其包括四个触点,分别为GND,VCC,D+,D-。 In an example USB digital interface, comprising four contacts, respectively, GND, VCC, D +, D-. 所述导联标准接口的模拟输入端及数字输入端均与导联监控模块连接。 The lead interface standard analog input and digital input leads are connected to the monitoring module. 另外所述导联标准接口还包含两个金属触点,当有导联线插入时,金属的导联线插头外壳可将两个金属触点导通,从而供所述导联监控模块进行导联插入检测。 Further the lead further comprises a standard interface two metal contacts, when a lead wire is inserted, the plug housing metal lead wire may be turned on two metal contacts, so that the lead for conducting monitoring module joint insertion detection.

[0126] 如图2所示,与上述导联标准接口匹配的导联线,其有接口的一端与导联标准接口相配合。 [0126] As shown in FIG. 2, the standard interface with the guide matching lead wire which has one end connected to the interface to a standard lead mate. 所述导联线包括数字芯片、导联线、接口、佩戴电极。 The digital chip comprising a lead wire, lead wires, interfaces, electrode wear.

[0127] 所述接口设置在导联线一端,包括模拟输出端口与数字输出端口,与上述标准接口中的模拟输入端口、数字输入端口相匹配,具有一致的电气特性和传输特性。 The [0127] lead wire interfaces disposed at one end, includes an analog output and digital output port, an analog input port of the above-described standard interface, digital input port matches with consistent electrical characteristics and transmission characteristics. 另一端设置有一个或多个佩戴电极,导联线中设置有模拟传输线与数字传输线。 The other end is provided with one or more electrodes to wear, it is provided with a lead wire analog transmission lines and digital transmission line.

[0128] 所述数字芯片内嵌在导联线中,其中存储有导联线属性相关的信息,并通过所述数字传输线与所述数字输出端口电连接。 [0128] The digital chip is embedded in the lead wire, the lead wire having stored therein attribute information relating to, and connected electrically to said digital output port via the digital transmission line. 所述与导联线属性相关的信息指的是与导联线制造、使用、配置相关的信息,例如导联制造商信息、导联线电极数量、导联线材料、导联线电极阻抗、导联线生产日期等,供其他设备读取。 The lead wires associated with the attribute information refers to the lead wires of manufacture, use, configuration-related information, such as lead manufacturer information, the number of electrode lead wires, lead wires, and the lead wire electrode impedance, lead wire production date, etc., read by other devices.

[0129] 所述佩戴电极通过所述模拟传输线与所述模拟输出端口电连接。 [0129] The wearing the analog transmission line is electrically connected to the analog output port electrodes. [0130] 如图3所示的心电信号采集转接模块,用于连接心电监护设备与包含内置数字芯片的导联线,并自动识别用户当前使用的导联线数目及导联线的状态(是否脱落,是否出现故障等),同时生成导联线属性与导联监控信息,提供给心电监护设备。 [0130] FIG adapter ECG acquisition module shown in FIG. 3, for connecting ECG apparatus comprising a built-in digital chip lead wires, and automatically identifies the number of lead wires and lead wires of the user is currently using state (is off, if the failure, etc.), while generating a lead wire leads attributes monitoring information provided to the ECG equipment. 用户在不同的应用场景下可根据需要自由使用不同数目的导联,而不必更换心电监护设备。 Users are free to use a different number of leads required in different application scenarios, without having to replace ECG monitoring device.

[0131 ] 心电信号采集转接模块主要包含导联监控模块和通用导联接口两部分。 [0131] ECG acquisition module contains two main adapter leads and common lead monitoring module interface.

[0132] 所述通用导联接口部分,采用导联标准接口作为设备接口与上述包含内置数字芯片的心电导联线插入连接,可以接收输入的心电模拟信号和导联线数字信号。 [0132] The universal interface section lead, using lead as a standard interface with the device interface comprises the above-described ECG lead is inserted into the built-in digital-chip connection may be received analog signal and the ECG lead wire digital signal input.

[0133] 所述的导联标准接口模块具有16个模拟输入端口和数字输入端。 [0133] The lead of the standard interface module has 16 analog inputs and digital inputs. 所述的16个模拟输入端能够兼容单导联到十八导联等多种导联线的模拟信号输入接口要求;所述的数字输入端用于读取可能的具有导联线的配置信息(即包含内置数字芯片)的数字输入信号。 The analog input terminal 16 can be compatible with a single lead to the analog signal input interface requires more lead wires and the like leads eighteen; said digital input for reading the configuration information may have lead wires numbers (i.e., built-in digital chip comprising a) an input signal.

[0134] 所述数字信号输入端口包括但不仅限于USB、SP1、串行接口等通用数字接口及自定义数字通信接口。 [0134] The digital signal input port including but not limited general purpose digital interface USB, SP1, serial interface, and custom digital communication interface. 另外所述导联标准接口模块还包含支持导联线插入检测的机关或装置,例如,通过在接口处设置金属触点,从而检测是否有导联线插入;或者在接口处设置发光装置和接收装置,譬如采用LED作为发光光源,采用H)、CCD、CM0S等光电探测器作为光传感器,以用于检测是否有导联线插入。 The lead further standard interface module further comprises a supporting means body or the lead wire insertion detecting, e.g., by providing the metal contact at the interface, thereby detecting whether the lead wire is inserted; or the light emitting means and receiving interface means, for example, the use of LED as light source, using H), CCD, CM0S other photodetector as the light sensor for detecting whether the lead wire is inserted.

[0135] 所述导联监控模块包含导联连接检测电路和微控制芯片两部分。 [0135] The monitoring module comprises a lead connected to the lead portion of the circuit, and two detecting micro controller chip.

[0136] 所述微控制芯片通过数字信号线与导联标准接口模块连接,获取与导联线属性相关的彳目息。 The [0136] microcontroller chip is connected via a digital signal line lead standard interface module acquires the properties associated with the left foot lead wire mesh information.

[0137] 所述导联连接检测电路通过模拟信号线与导联标准接口模块连接,对从导联标准接口输入的模拟信号进行检测和处理,获取当前导联监控信息。 [0137] The lead connection detecting circuit is connected via an analog signal line lead standard interface module, the analog signal input from the leads and standard interfaces have been processed, the current leads obtain monitoring information. 所述导联监控信息包含与当前插入的导联线及电极连接情况相关的信息,包括导联线是否插入,导联线电极与用户的连接情况,是否有导联脱落,电极是否接触良好等。 The lead comprises monitoring information associated with the lead wire and the electrode is inserted into the current connection information, including whether the lead wire is inserted, the lead wire electrode with the user's connection, if there is lead off, and so is good contact electrode .

[0138] 微控制芯片通过数字输入端口,获得导联线属性相关的信息;导联连接检测电路则检测当前导联的使用情况,并将该情况发送给微控制芯片,从而获得当前使用的导联线数目及导联线的状态,生成导联线属性与导联监控信息,提供给心电监护设备。 [0138] micro-controller chip via a digital input port, to obtain the lead wires associated attribute information; leads connected to the detection circuit detects the current usage of the leads, and sends the case to the micro-controller chip, to thereby obtain the guide currently used on-line status and the number of lead wires, lead wire generates attribute information monitoring lead, is supplied to the ECG equipment.

[0139] 所述导联连接检测电路主要包含导联线插入检测电路和导联脱落检测电路两部分。 [0139] The lead connection detecting circuit mainly includes a lead wire insertion detecting circuit and the lead-off detection circuit in two parts.

[0140] 所述导联线插入检测电路是指一种用于检测设备是否有导联线插入的检测电路,可以判断当前设备的导联标准接口是否有导联线插入。 [0140] The lead wire insertion detecting circuit refers to a device for detecting whether there is a lead wire insertion detecting circuit, the current device based on whether the interface has a standard lead wire lead insertion. 所述导联线插入信息可作为导联监控信息之一提供给心电监护设备判断当前导联线的使用、佩戴状态。 The lead wire insertion information may be provided as one of the leads of ECG information to the monitoring device determines the current lead wires, wearing state. 所述导联线插入检测电路可以采用如下三种检测方法: The lead wire insertion detecting circuit detects the following three ways:

[0141] 1)通过所述导联标准接口内部的金属触点是否导通来判断是否有金属外壳的导联线插入。 [0141] 1) through said guide whether the internal standard interface with conductive metal contact to determine whether a metal lead wires inserted into the housing.

[0142] 2)通过所述导联标准接口内部的发光二极管和光电二极管来发射和接收特定光信号来判断是否有导联线插入。 [0142] 2) to transmit and receive signals through the specific light inside the interface standard lead-emitting diode and a photodiode to determine whether the lead wire is inserted.

[0143] 3)通过所述导联标准接口内部的物理开关(如接触式开关等)的通断状态来判断是否有导联线插入。 [0143] 3) guided by the guide physical switch interfaces with the internal standard (such as a contact switch, etc.) on-off state is determined whether there is a lead wire insertion.

[0144] 所述导联脱落检测电路是指一种用于检测导联线电极与用户皮肤接触情况的检测电路,可以检测导联电极与皮肤是否接触良好,同时也可以判断导联电极是否未与用户皮肤连接或者导联电极是否脱落。 [0144] The lead-off detection circuit means for detecting an electrode lead wire and the detection circuit for the case in contact with the user's skin, the electrode lead can detect whether good contact with the skin, while it may be determined whether or not the lead electrode connected to the user's skin or the electrode lead is off. 所述导联脱落检测电路可采用医用领域中现有导联脱落检测方法,主要有交流式和直流式两种。 The lead-off detection circuit may be employed in the prior art medical lead off detection methods, there are two kinds of DC and AC type.

[0145] 如图4所示的电路,是一种交流式导联脱落检测电路。 [0145] The circuit shown in Figure 4, is a communicative leadoff detection circuit. 在模拟前端耦合一个正常心电信号频带以外的交流信号到模拟前端输入通道上。 AC signal than analog front end coupled to a frequency band of a normal ECG signal to an analog front end input channels. 当其他导联接入到人体时,各导联通道上该正弦信号作为共模信号输入变得幅度很小。 When access to the other lead body, each of the guide tracks Unicom sinusoidal signal amplitude becomes small as the input common mode signal. 而有导联脱落或未良好接触时,该导联的输入通道上的用于导联脱落判断的正弦信号即可经过差分放大、模数转换、滤波等处理后被检测到,从而判断导联脱落的状态。 While when leadoff or good contact for turning on the sinusoidal signal of the input channel leads to the determination leadoff through differential amplification, after analog to digital conversion, filtering process is detected, thereby determining lead off state.

[0146] 所述交流式导联脱落检测电路包括激励信号输出模块、差分放大模块、模数转换模块、滤波模块、检测模块等部分。 [0146] The AC-type lead-off excitation signal detection circuit includes an output module, the differential amplifying section module, analog to digital conversion module, a filtering module, a detection module. 所述激励信号输出模块产生一个正常心电信号频带以外的单频微小激励信号输出至人体皮肤表面,当其他导联与人体接触良好时,该微小激励信号在差分放大模块的两个输入端属于共模信号部分,因此经差分放大后该微小激励信号幅度变得很小,经过模数转换及滤波模块后,检测模块检测到的单频信号幅度未超过某阈值,认为当前电极不存在脱落。 The excitation signal output module outputs an excitation signal to produce small surface of the skin other than the single frequency band of a normal ECG signal, when the other leads good contact with the human body, the minute excitation signals belonging to the two inputs of the differential amplification block single-frequency signal amplitude of the common mode signal portions, so that the differentially amplified signal amplitude becomes small excitation minute, after analog-digital conversion and a filtering module, a detecting module detects that the threshold is not exceeded, that the current off the electrodes do not exist.

[0147] 当存在单个电极脱落时,该微小激励信号由于不存在共模分量,因此在经过差分放大后幅度变得很大,再经过模数转换,滤波模块之后,检测模块判定该信号超过某阈值,认为当前存在电极脱落;若两个电极均脱落时,检测模块无法检测到单频信号,可认为两个电极均为脱落状态。 [0147] When there is a single electrode peeling, the excitation signal because the minute common-mode component does not exist, after the differential amplification in the amplitude becomes large, then after analog to digital conversion, filtering module, a detection module determines whether the signal exceeds a certain threshold value, that the current presence of electrode peeling; off if both electrodes, the detection module can not detect the single-frequency signal, both electrodes are considered to be off state.

[0148] 如图5、6所示的电路,是一种直流式导联脱落检测电路。 The circuit shown in [0148] Figures 5 and 6, a DC-type lead-off detecting circuit. 所不同的是,图5是一种基于电阻的直流式导联脱落检测电路,在模拟前端的正负输入端,分别并联一个上拉和下拉电阻;而图6是一种基于微小电流源的直流式导联脱落检测电路,其在模拟前端的正负输入端,分别并联一个电流源。 The difference is, FIG. 5 is based on a direct-current resistance leads off detection circuit in the positive and negative inputs of the analog front end, respectively, in parallel with a resistor pull-up and pull-down; and Figure 6 is based on the minute current source DC-type lead-off detection circuit in the positive and negative inputs of the analog front end, respectively, in parallel with a current source.

[0149] 在所述直流式导联脱落检测电路中,当电极接触良好时,差分放大器输出两个电极的差分放大信号;而当有电极脱落时(例如电极1),差分放大器的输入端由于电极浮空,根据差分放大器的输入特性,会由于电阻分压或电流源产生的微小电流输入导致差分放大器饱和,从而输出饱和电压,即可被检测为导联脱落信号。 [0149] In the DC type lead-off detecting circuit, when the good electrode contact, two differential amplifier outputs differential amplified signal electrodes; and when off electrode (e.g., electrode 1), since the input terminal of the differential amplifier floating electrode, in accordance with characteristics of the input differential amplifier, a minute current due to the input resistor divider or current source of the differential amplifier causes saturation, so that the output voltage saturation can be detected as signal leads off.

[0150] 以十二导联为例,导联监控模块通过导联插入检测电路中的金属触点导通检测到在导联标准接口上有导联线插入。 [0150] In an example twelve-lead, lead-lead monitoring module by inserting metal contacts through conductivity detector circuit detects a lead wire inserted in the lead standard interface. 所述导联监控模块微处理器通过数字端口读取,检测到该导联线为一条内置数字芯片的十二导联线,包括10个电极LA,RA, LL, RL, Vl~V6,导联线阻抗为2.5M欧,从而生成导联线属性信息。 The lead monitoring module reads digital microprocessor port, detection of the lead wire to a twelve lead wires built-in digital chip comprising 10 electrodes LA, RA, LL, RL, Vl ~ V6, guide 2.5M-line impedance of Europe, the lead wires so as to generate the attribute information. 如果导联监测模块通过检测上述十二导联线各个电极的脱落情况,判断出当前十二导联线连接到使用者身体上的电极数量为4个分别为LA,RA,LL,RL,其余6个电极并未佩戴,从而确定了当前的使用者的导联佩戴情况即导联监控信息。 If the monitoring module leads shedding by detecting the respective electrode twelve-lead line, it is determined that the current line is connected to a twelve-lead electrodes on the number of user's body are four LA, RA, LL, RL, the remaining six electrodes are not worn, so as to determine the current leads the user wearing the monitoring information that is lead.

[0151] 如图7所示,本发明还提出了一种心电监护设备,利用上述心电信号采集转接模块,所述心电监护设备能对导联进行自动配置。 [0151] As shown in FIG 7, the present invention also proposes an ECG monitoring device, using the ECG data acquisition module adapter, the ECG device can automatically configure the leads. 在不同的应用场景下可根据需要自由使用不同数目的导联,而不必更换心电监护设备。 Free to use a different number of leads required in different application scenarios, without having to replace ECG monitoring device.

[0152] 所述心电监护设备包括心电信号采集转接模块、ECG前端处理模块、前端配置检测模块、用户配置存储模块和中央处理模块。 [0152] The ECG apparatus comprises ECG acquisition module adapter, the ECG front-end processing module, a front end detection module configuration, user configuration storage module and a central processing module.

[0153] 心电采集模块中的微控制芯片所生长的导联属性与导联监控信息直接传递给中央处理模块;而心电采集模块所采集到的模拟心电信号,则传递给ECG前端处理模块。 [0153] Lead and lead attribute information monitoring ECG acquisition module microcontroller chip grown directly transmitted to the central processing module; the collected ECG acquisition module to an analog ECG signal, the ECG is transmitted to the front-end processing module. 其中,心电信号采集转接模块通过串行接口与所述中央处理模块连接,通过模拟接口与ECG前端处理模块相连,从而完成信号的传递。 Wherein the ECG data acquisition via the serial interface adapter module is connected to the central processing module, connected via an analog interface and ECG front end processing module, whereby the signal transfer is completed.

[0154] ECG前端处理模块包含带通滤波电路、放大器电路、导联选择电路、16个A/D转换通道,负责模拟心电信号的处理和转换。 [0154] ECG front-end processing module includes a bandpass filter circuit, the amplifier circuit, lead selection circuit, 16 A / D converter channel, responsible for the analog ECG signal processing and conversion. 所述模拟心电信号的处理和转换包含但不仅限模拟心电信号的隔离、滤波、放大、组合、A/D转换,并通过sPI接口与中央处理模块连接,将数字心电信号传递给中央处理模块。 The ECG analog conversion processing and analog ECG signal including, but not limited isolation, filter, amplify, in combination, A / D converter, and connected by the central processing sPI interface module, the digital transmission to the central ECG processing module.

[0155] 前端配置检测模块通过sPI接口与ECG前端处理模块连接,通过串行接口与中央处理模块连接。 [0155] configuration detection module through the front end interface sPI ECG front end processing module, connected through the serial interface with the central processing module. 按照中央处理模块的指令,从ECG前端处理模块中读取当前的ECG前端配置信息包括ECG前端处理模块所支持的通道数、各通道放大倍数、滤波器参数、采样率、量化精度、参考电压等信息,并将上述信息经串行接口传递给给中央处理模块。 In accordance with instructions from the central processing module reads the current ECG front end configuration information includes the number of channels supported by the ECG front end processing module from the ECG front-end processing module, each channel magnification, filter parameters, the sampling rate, the quantization precision, reference voltage, etc. information, and the interface to the serial to pass through the above-described central processing module.

[0156] 所述用户配置存储模块用于存`放用户预先设定的配置信息,所述配置信息包含但不仅限于用户能使用的导联线数目、采样率、位置等信息采用SD卡作为存储媒介,通过SDIO接口与中央处理模块连接。 [0156] The storing module configured for storing user `discharge configuration information preset by the user, the configuration information includes information on the number, but not limited to, the user can use the lead wire, the sampling rate, position, etc. using SD card as storage media, via SDIO interface with the central processing module.

[0157] 另外,为了综合环境因素判断使用者当前的状况,心电监护设备中还设置有环境监测模块,通过串行接口与中央处理模块连接。 [0157] Further, the integrated environmental factors in order to determine the user's current status, ECG monitoring device is also provided with environmental monitoring module via a serial interface with the central processing module. 环境监测模块包括GPS定位模块、加速度传感器、湿度传感器、温度传感器、气压传感器、光电传感器、磁传感器、气体传感器中的一个或多个,从而向中央处理模块提供包括位置、光线、温度、湿度、空气质量、气压、温度、磁场信息中的一个或多个周围环境信息。 Environmental monitoring module includes a GPS positioning module, an acceleration sensor, a humidity sensor, a temperature sensor, a pressure sensor, a photoelectric sensor, a magnetic sensor, a gas sensor or a plurality, thereby providing a position, light, temperature, and humidity to central processing module, air mass, one or more pressure, temperature, magnetic field information of the surrounding environment information.

[0158] 中央处理模块根据接收到的信息,对用户的当前状况进行初步筛选和判断,可分为不同的等级,譬如正常、轻微异常、异常、严重异常等。 [0158] The central processing module receives the information on the current status of the user is determined and the initial screening can be divided into different levels, such as normal, slightly abnormal, abnormality, severe abnormalities. 心电监护系统对当前心电监护设备及使用者所处的地点、环境、设备佩戴及使用情况、使用者情况的紧急程度等进行综合的判断,进而自适应的决定心电监护设备目前应当处于的工作模式和状态,并由此对用户配置存储模块及ECG前端处理模块进行相应的自适应配置。 ECG monitoring system to place the current ECG monitoring device and the user is located, environment, equipment wear and usage, the urgency of the situation of the user such as a comprehensive judgment, and then the adaptive decision ECG monitoring device should now be in operating mode and status, and thereby the user configure the storage module and ECG front-end processing module corresponding adaptive configuration.

[0159] 所述自适应配置包括如下四个步骤: [0159] The adaptive configuration comprises the following four steps:

[0160] 一、获得静态信息和动态信息,所述静态信息包含所述导联线属性及前端配置信息;所述动态信息包含所述导联连接状态、用户配置、环境信息、用户情况;[0161] 二、根据所述静态信息构造符合当前设备能力及导联线采集能力的自适应配置集,即配置矩阵,所述自适应配置矩阵包含可以满足当前静态信息的所有可能配置向量; [0160] First, to obtain static and dynamic information, said static information comprises attributes of the lead wires and the distal end configuration; the dynamic information including the lead connection state, user profile, context information, user's situation; [ 0161] Second, according to the static information configured in line with an adaptive current device capability acquisition capacity and leadwire configuration set, i.e. a matrix configuration, the configuration matrix adaptive vector containing all possible configurations to meet the current static information;

[0162] 三、对所述动态信息进行处理分析,根据当前的导联连接状态、用户手动配置、环境信息以及用户情况进行配置向量的映射,并按照权重比例对设备的配置向量中各项配置元素进行门限判决,并生成当前的目标配置向量; [0162] Third, the dynamic information processing and analysis, according to the current lead connection state, manual configuration, the user environment information and mapping configuration where the vector and configuration vector according to the weight ratio of the weight of the device configuration threshold decision elements and generate the current configuration of the target vector;

[0163] 四、在所述自适应配置矩阵中选择与目标配置向量差别最小的一项配置向量,SP为最终的自适应配置结果。 [0163] Fourth, the choice of target configuration vector difference between a minimum configuration vector, SP adaptive configuration to a final configuration in the adaptive matrix. 其中,所述差别最小是以欧式距离或者汉明距离作为衡量标准来判断。 Wherein the difference is the minimum Euclidean distance or Hamming distance is determined as a measure. 作为最终的自适应配置结果的所述配置向量,按照所述配置向量对所述心电监护设备进行自适应配置,并将所述配置向量存储在所述用户配置存储模块中。 As the final result of the configuration of the adaptive configuration vector, adaptively configure the ECG apparatus according to the configuration vector, the vector and the configuration stored in said configuration storage module user.

[0164] 下面以采用内置数字芯片的十二导联为例,来说明心电监护设备的工作过程。 [0164] The following twelve-lead with built-in digital chip as an example to illustrate the working process of ECG monitoring equipment.

[0165] 心电监护仪的心电采集转接模块首先检测到当前设备上连接了一条上述的内置数字芯片的十二导联线,而使用者仅佩戴了该导联线的4个电极,分别为LA,RA, LL, RL,生成导联监控信息及导联线属性信息,并通过串行接口发送至中央处理模块。 ECG [0165] ECG acquisition module first detects the current switching device connected to one of said built-in digital chips twelve-lead line, and the user only wears the four electrode lead wires, respectively, LA, RA, LL, RL, and the supervisory information generating leads lead wires attribute information, and transmitted to the central processing module through the serial interface.

[0166] 前端配置检测模块读取到当前ECG前端处理模块包含的16个A/D转换通道开启了4个通道,分别为LA,RA, LL, RL通道,增益为I倍,采样率为250Hz,最高采样精度为12bit。 [0166] leading end detection module configured to read the current ECG front-end processing module 16 contains A / D converter channel opening four channels, respectively, LA, RA, LL, RL channel, the gain is I times the sampling rate of 250Hz The maximum sampling precision is 12bit. 在接到中央处理模块的读取前端配置命令后,前端配置检测模块通过sPI接口读取ECG前端处理模块的配置信息,并通过串行接口将配置信息返回至中央处理模块。 After receiving the front end of the central processing module reads the configuration commands, the distal end configuration detection module interface to read the configuration information sPI ECG front end processing module, and the configuration information through the serial interface back to the central processing module.

[0167] 所述环境监测模块的GPS定位模块获取的定位信息为当前用户处于预先定义的用户家庭坐标附近,而加速度传感器获取的加速度信息为当前用户处于静坐状态。 [0167] The environmental monitoring module GPS positioning module acquired location information in the vicinity of the user's home coordinates for the current pre-defined user, the acceleration sensor and the acceleration information acquired in the current user state sit. 环境监测模块通过串行接口将当前环境监测信息发送至中央处理模块。 Environmental monitoring module to send the current environmental monitoring information via the serial interface to the central processing module.

[0168] 所述中央处理模块分析用户的心电数据发现当前用户心率为120,超过了设定的心率报警门限110次/分钟,而`当前设备处于普通监护模式。 [0168] The central processing module analyzes data of the user's ECG heart rate of the user currently found 120, exceeds the set alarm threshold heart rate 110 beats / min, while the device is in the current 'normal monitoring mode. 所述中央处理模块将当前用户情况划分为严重异常。 The central processing module is divided into the current user situation severely abnormal.

[0169] 基于上述的严重异常的情况,心电监护系统判断当前的心电监护设备的配置不足以处理这一情况,需要基于当前状况对心电监护设备进行重新配置。 [0169] Based on the above serious abnormal ECG monitoring system determines the current configuration of the ECG is not sufficient to handle this equipment, to be reconfigured ECG monitoring equipment based on current conditions.

[0170] 配置按照如下步骤进行: [0170] Configuration steps as follows:

[0171] 一、静态信息构造配置矩阵 [0171] a static configuration matrix configuration information

[0172] 所述心电监护仪的中央处理模块通过上述各模块的接口读取信息,首先根据所述静态信息生成配置矩阵。 [0172] The ECG central processing module interface via the read information of each module first generates a matrix configuration according to the static information. 所述监护仪可进行配置的元素为:导联数量、采样率和采样精度。 The monitor can be configured to elements: the number of leads, sampling rate and sampling precision. 其中每项配置元素可能的取值分别如下: Wherein each configuration element Possible values ​​are as follows:

[0173] I)采样率可取值范围是250Hz,500Hz ; [0173] I) is in the range sampling rate 250Hz, 500Hz;

[0174] 2)采样精度可取值范围为12bit,16bit ; [0174] 2) may be in the range of sampling precision 12bit, 16bit;

[0175] 3)导联数量可取值范围是1,3,7,12。 [0175] 3) the number of leads can be in the range 1,3,7,12.

[0176] 所述配置矩阵根据上述信息生成,矩阵大小为16 X 3,其中包含以上配置元素组合而成的所有配置向量,每一个行向量中的配置元素的取值代表对应的元素取值范围中的值的下标,例如导联数量为3,则行向量中的第一个元素为2,导联数量为12,则对应元素取值为4。 [0176] According to the above configuration information generation matrix, matrix size 16 X 3, which contains all the configuration elements of the vector combination of the above configuration, the representative value of each configuration element of a row vector of the corresponding element in the range the index values, such as the number of leads 3, the first element in the vector line is 2, the number of leads 12, the corresponding element value of 4. 所述配置矩阵如下: The configuration matrix as follows:

[0177] [0177]

Figure CN103860165AD00151

[0178] 为方便配置向量的生成和匹配,可以将该矩阵进行二进制映射,即矩阵中的每个元素取值仅为O或I。 [0178] To facilitate the generation and the matching configuration vector, the matrix may be binary map, i.e., each element value of the matrix is ​​O or I. 例如导联数量元素进行二进制映射后,由于其有4个可能取值,因此映射为4个二进制元素,二进制元素与原取值范围相对应,当导联数量为3时,对应的二进制元素为[0,1,0,O],当导联数量为7时对应的二进制元素为[0,0,1,0],以此类推。 For example the number of elements leads binary map, since it has four possible values, thus mapped to four binary elements, with the binary elements corresponding to the original range, 3 when the number of leads, a corresponding binary element is [0,1,0, O], corresponding to 7 when the number of binary elements leads [0,0,1,0], and so on.

[0179] 映射后的二进制配置矩阵为16X8的矩阵,如下所示: [0179] Binary configuration matrix mapped to 16X8 matrix as shown below:

[0180] [0180]

Figure CN103860165AD00152

[0181] 二、动态信息生成目标配置向量 [0181] Second, the dynamic configuration information generation target vector

[0182] 心电监护设备的中央处理模块根据动态信息,参照预设的权重矩阵生成目标配置向量。 [0182] central processing module ECG apparatus based on the dynamic information, referring to a preset target weight matrix generating configuration vector.

[0183] (I)用户佩戴电极数的取值范围是[0,10],分别对应佩戴电极的个数,当前用户佩戴了4个电极,取值为4。 [0183] in the range (I) is worn by the user the number of electrodes [0,10], respectively, corresponding to the number of electrode wear, the current user wears the electrode 4, a value of 4.

[0184] (2)用户情况的取值范围是[0,2],分别对应正常、轻微异常和严重异常,当前处于轻微异常状态,取值为2。 [0184] in the range (2) the case where the user is [0,2], corresponding to the normal, abnormal and severely abnormal slight, slight current in an abnormal state, a value of 2.

[0185] (3)环境监测的取值范围是[0,2],分别对应家中,户外,医院。 [0185] in the range (3) Environmental monitoring is [0,2], corresponding to the home, outdoors, hospital. 当前用户处于家中,取值为O。 The current user in the home, the value of O.

[0186] (4)因此所述动态信息向量即为[00001000000001100]。 [0186] (4) Thus the motion information is the vector [00001000000001100].

[0187] (5)所述动态信息向量与预设的权重矩阵进行矩阵乘法运算,获得加权目标配置向量,结果为:[0.30.40.30.40.20.40.120.25]。 [0187] (5) The dynamic information with a preset weight vector matrix multiplication matrix, configured to obtain the target weight vector, the result is: [0.30.40.30.40.20.40.120.25].

[0188] (6)根据加权目标配置向量对每项配置元素的选项进行判决,取加权结果最大的一项,结果为:[01010100],即采样率500Hz,采样精度16bit,采用3导联配置为目标配置向量。 [0188] (6) according to the target configuration options weighting vectors for each configuration element judgment result of the weighted maximum one, the result is: [01010100], i.e. 500Hz sampling rate, sampling precision 16bit, using 3-lead configuration configuration vector for the target.

[0189] 另外,所述权重矩阵的行数等于所有动态信息的取值个数之和(动态信息的选项个数为11+3+3 = 17个),列数等于二进制配置矩阵中的列数(8个),每一个矩阵中的元素代表当前动态信息对应到相应的配置所占的权重。 [0189] Further, the number of rows is equal to the weight of all the number of matrix values ​​and dynamic information (dynamic information option number is 11 + 3 + 3 = 17), the number of columns is equal to binary columns in the matrix configuration number (8), each matrix element represents the current dynamic information corresponding to the respective share of the weight of the right configuration.

[0190] 每一列的元素之和为I,每个元素均大于0,一种可能的权重矩阵如下: [0190] The elements of each column of I, each element is greater than 0, one possible weight matrix as follows:

[0191] [0191]

Figure CN103860165AD00161

[0192] 三、目标配置向量在配置集中进行搜索匹配,确定最终配置向量 [0192] Third, the configuration vector in the target configuration set match search to determine the final configuration vector

[0193] 在配置集中进行配置搜索,选择与目标配置向量差别最小的配置向量作为最终配置向量。 [0193] configuration search, select the minimum difference between the target configuration vector configuration vector as the final configuration vector in the configuration set. 配置集中于目标配置向量差别最小的配置向量为[01010100],即导联数量为3个,采样率为500Hz,采样精度为16bit。 Target configuration set configuration vector difference minimum configuration vector is [01010100], i.e., the number of leads 3, a sampling rate of 500Hz, the sampling accuracy of 16bit.

[0194] 中央处理模块根据最终配置向量对监护仪进行相应的自适应配置,并提示用户需要进行相应的注意事项(如佩戴导联,需要静躺等)。 [0194] central processing module corresponding precautions (e.g., lead to wear, need to lie, etc.) The final configuration of the corresponding vector on the monitor adaptive configuration, and prompts the user. 中央处理模块将最终配置向量写入用户配置存储模块。 Central processing module written final configuration vector stored user configuration module. 需要说明的是:以上仅用以说明而非限制本发明的技术方案,尽管参照上述实施例对本发明进行了详细说明,本领域的普通技术人员应当理解:依然可以对本发明进行修改或者等同替换,而不脱离本发明的精神和范围的任何修改或局部替换,均应涵盖在本发明的权利要求范围当中。 Note that: the above are intended to illustrate and not limit the technical solution of the present invention, although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the embodiments described above, those of ordinary skill in the art should be understood: modifications may be made to the present invention, or equivalent replacements, any modification without departing from the spirit and scope of the local or the present invention is replacement, which should fall in the scope of claims of the present invention as claimed.

Claims (10)

1.一种导联标准接口,所述导联标准接口包括数字端口和模拟端口,其特征在于: 所述模拟端口分别包括16个模拟输入端和模拟输出端,所述模拟输入端能够与单导联到十八导联中的每一种数目的导联相兼容; 所述模拟端口的所述模拟输入端通过导联线与导联的多个电极分别连接以获得心电模拟信号时,对于所述16个模拟输入端中悬空的空闲端口,自动关闭,不从所述空闲端口米集心电模拟信号; 所述数字端口包括多个数字输入端和数字输出端,所述数字端口与不同导联数目的导联线电气连接,用于获得导联线中的数字信号。 A standard interface leads, said lead comprises a digital standard interface ports and analog ports, wherein: the analog port 16, respectively, comprising analog inputs and analog outputs, the analog inputs can be single leads to eighteen lead in each of the number of leads is compatible; said analog of said analog input ports connected to obtaining ECG analog signal through the plurality of lead wires to electrode leads, respectively, for the 16 analog inputs are floating free port, automatically shut down, no idle port meters from the ECG analog current signal; a digital port comprises a plurality of digital inputs and digital outputs, the digital port different number of leads electrically connecting lead wire for obtaining a digital signal lead lines.
2.如权利要求1所述的导联标准接口,其特征在于: 所述数字端口是标准数字接口或者是自定义的数字通信接口。 2. The lead of the standard interface of claim 1, wherein: said digital interface is a digital interface standard or custom digital communication interface.
3.如权利要求2所述的导联标准接口,其特征在于: 所述标准数字接口是UsB接口、sPI接口、串行接口、并行接口中的任意一种接口。 3. Lead standard interface according to claim 2, wherein: said standard digital interface is an interface UsB, sPI interface, serial interface, a parallel interface of any one interface.
4.一种与权利要求1-3任一所述的导联标准接口配合使用的导联线,所述导联线的一端设置有导联标准接口,另一端设置有一个或多个佩戴电极,导联线中设置有模拟传输线与数字传输线; 所述导联标准接口包括模拟输出端口与数字输出端口,与权利要求1-3任一所述的标准接口中的模拟输入端口、数字输入端口相匹配,具有一致的电气特性; 其特征在于:` 所述导联线还包括数字芯片,所述数字芯片内嵌在导联线中,并通过所述数字传输线与所述数字输出端口电连接; 所述佩戴电极通过所述模拟传输线与所述模拟输出端口电连接; 所述数字芯片中存储有导联线属性相关的信息。 1-3 lead wire according to any one of the lead used in conjunction with standard interface with claim 4. A, one end of the lead wire is provided with a standard interface leads, and the other end is provided with one or more electrodes to wear , is provided with a lead wire analog transmission lines and digital transmission line; the standard interface comprises a lead analog output and digital output ports and analog input port of any of claims 1-3 of the standard interface in a digital input port match, having uniform electrical characteristics; wherein: 'said lead wire further comprises a digital chip, a digital chip embedded in the lead line, and transmission line is electrically connected to the digital output port via the digital ; the wearer electrode through the analog transmission line is electrically connected to the analog output port; chip stores the digital lead wire attribute information related.
5.如权利要求4所述的导联线,其特征在于: 所述导联线属性相关的信息指的是与导联线制造、使用、配置相关的信息,包括所述导联线的制造商信息、所述导联线的所述佩戴电极数目、所述导联线的材料、所述导联线的阻抗、所述导联线的生产日期中的一个或多个信息。 5. A lead wire according to claim 4, wherein: said lead wires attribute information associated with the guide means is on-line manufacture, use, configuration-related information, including the lead-line of manufacture provider information, the lead-line of said wearing the number of electrodes, the material of the guide-line, the impedance of the lead-line of the guide line with a production date or a plurality of information.
6.一种心电信号采集转接模块,所述心电信号采集转接模块包括如权利要求1-3任一所述的导联标准接口和导联监控模块,所述导联监控模块包括导联连接检测电路和微控制-H-* II心片; 其特征在于: 所述导联连接检测电路包括导联插入检测电路和导联脱落检测电路; 所述导联插入检测电路用于检测当前设备的所述导联标准接口中是否有导联线插入,所述导联线插入信息可作为导联监控信息之一提供给心电监护设备判断当前导联线的使用、佩戴状态; 所述导联脱落检测电路用于检测佩戴电极与用户皮肤接触情况,从而判断佩戴电极是否与用户皮肤连接或者导联电极是否脱落; 所述微控制芯片通过数字信号线与所述导联标准接口中的所述数字端口连接,获取导联线属性相关的信息; 所述心电信号采集转接模块根据所述导联监控模块中的所述导联连接检 An ECG acquisition module adapter, said adapter ECG data acquisition module comprises a standard interface leads, and lead a monitoring module according to any one of claims 1 to 3, the monitoring module comprising lead lead connection detection circuit and the microcontroller -H- * II Tablet; wherein: said detection circuit includes a lead connected to the lead insertion detecting circuit and the lead-off detecting circuit; said lead insertion detecting circuit for detecting if there is a lead wire is inserted into the lead of the current standard interface device, the lead wire insertion information may be provided as one of the leads of ECG information to the monitoring device determines the current lead wires, wearing state; the said lead-off detection circuit for detecting a user's skin in contact with the electrode wear, the electrode wear in order to determine whether the user's skin or connected to an electrode lead is off; the micro-chip digital control signal line and the lead through the standard interface the digital port connected to lead wires obtain attribute information associated; the ECG data acquisition specimen connected to the adapter module in accordance with the lead of the lead monitoring module 测电路检测到的信号以及所述微控制芯片获得的导联线属性相关的信息确定当前实际使用的导联数目。 Signal sensing circuit detects the lead wire and the micro control chip obtained attribute information related to determining the current actual number of leads used.
7.—种心电监护设备,所述心电监护设备包括如权利要求6所述的心电信号采集转接模块,ECG前端处理模块、前端配置监测模块、用户配置存储模块和中央处理模块; 其特征在于: 所述ECG前端处理模块从所述心电信号采集转接模块获取模拟心电信号,并对所述模拟心电信号进行处理和转换,生成数字心电信号,传递给所述中央处理模块; 所述前端配置检测模块从ECG前端处理模块中检测当前的ECG前端配置信息,并将检测结果上传给中央处理模块; 所述前端配置信息包括但不仅限于所述EGC前端处理模块支持的通道数、各通道放大倍数、滤波器参数、采样率、量化精度、参考电压中的一个或多个参数信息。 7.- species ECG apparatus, the ECG apparatus comprises ECG acquisition module adapter as claimed in claim 6, the ECG front end processing module, a monitoring module configured front end, user configuration storage module and a central processing module; wherein: the ECG analog front end processing module acquires ECG signals from the ECG acquisition module adapter, and the analog ECG signals processed and converted to generate a digital ECG signal, is transmitted to the central the processing module; detection module detects the leading end disposed distal from the ECG processing module configuration information of the current ECG front end, and the detection result uploaded to central processing module; the front end configuration information includes, but is not limited to the front-end processing module supports EGC number of channels, each channel magnification, filter parameters, the sampling rate, the quantization precision, with reference to one or more parameters of the voltage information. 所述中央处理模块从所述心电信号采集转接模块中直接获取数字信号,并从所述用户配置存储模块中读取所述用户对所述心电监护设备的配置参数,对上传至所述中央处理模块中的数字心电信号、所述前端配置信息进行处理、分析,从而生成用户情况信息。 The central processing module acquires from the ECG acquisition module directly transfer digital signals, and to read the user configuration parameters of the ECG from the user device configuration storage module, to the uploaded said digital ECG signal the central processing module, the front end of the configuration information is processed, analyzed, thereby generating the user's situation information. 所述用户配置存储模块中的所述配置参数包括但不仅限于导联线数目、采样率、位置中的一个或多个。 Storing said user configuration module configuration parameters including but not limited to the number of lead wires, sampling rate, or a plurality of positions.
8.如权利要求7所述的心电监护设备,其特征在于: 所述心电监护设备还包括环境监测模块;` 所述环境监测模块向所述中央处理模块提供当前的周围环境信息。 ECG apparatus as claimed in claim 7, wherein: said apparatus further comprises ECG environmental monitoring module; `said environment monitoring module provides the current surrounding environment information to the central processing module. 所述周围环境信息包括但不仅限于位置、光线、温度、湿度、空气质量、气压、温度、磁场信息中的一个或多个。 The ambient environment information includes, but is not limited to the location, light, temperature, humidity, air quality, pressure, temperature, magnetic field or a plurality of information.
9.一种自适应心电监护系统,所述系统包括如权利要求8所述的心电监护设备,其特征在于: 所述心电信号采集转接模块向所述中央处理模块提供当前的导联配置信息; 所述前端配置检测模块向所述中央处理模块提供当前的前端配置信息; 所述EcG前端处理模块向所述中央处理模块提供当前的数字心电信息; 所述环境检测模块向所述中央处理模块提供当前的环境信息; 所述中央处理模炔基于所述导联配置信息、所述前端配置信息、所述数字心电信息、所述环境信息,对用户配置存储模块和EcG前端处理模块进行自适应配置。 An adaptive ECG monitoring system, said system comprising said ECG apparatus as claimed in claim 8, wherein: said adapter ECG acquisition module provides a current conduction to the central processing module associated configuration information; detection module configuration of the front end to the central front end processing module provides the current configuration information; EcG front end processing module provides the current digital electrocardiographic information to the central processing module; the detection module to the environment said central processing module provides the current environmental information; alkynyl said central processing module configuration information based on the lead, the distal end configuration information, said digital electrocardiographic information, the environmental information, and a storage module configure to the user front end EcG adaptive processing module configuration.
10.如权利要求9所述的自适应心电监护系统,其特征在于: 所述自适应配置包括如下四个步骤: 一、获得静态信息和动态信息,所述静态信息包含所述导联线属性及前端配置信息;所述动态信息包含所述导联连接状态、用户配置、环境信息、用户情况; 二、根据所述静态信息构造符合当前设备能力及导联线采集能力的自适应配置集,即配置矩阵,所述自适应配置矩阵包含可以满足当前静态信息的所有可能配置向量; 三、对所述动态信息进行处理分析,根据当前的导联连接状态、用户手动配置、环境信息以及用户情况进行配置向量的映射,并按照权重比例对设备的配置向量中各项配置元素进行门限判决,并生成当前的目标配置向量; 四、在所述自适应配置矩阵中选择与目标配置向量差别最小的一项配置向量,即为最终的自适应配置结果。 10. The adaptive ECG monitoring system according to claim 9, wherein: the adaptive configuration comprises the following four steps: First, to obtain dynamic information and static information, said static information comprises a leadwire and attribute information of the distal end configuration; the dynamic information including the lead connection state, user profile, context information, user's situation; two, arranged according to the set of adaptive static information configured in line with the current lead wires and the device capability acquisition capabilities of , i.e. the configuration matrix, the matrix comprising adaptive configuration to meet all possible configurations of the current static information vector; Third, analysis of the dynamic information is processed, according to the current lead connection state, manual configuration, the user environment information and case where mapping configuration vector, the vector and the configuration of the device elements arranged in accordance with a weight ratio of threshold decision weights, and generates target current configuration vector; Fourth, in the configuration matrix adaptive configuration selected target minimum difference vector one configuration vector, adaptive configuration shall be final.
CN201410076362.9A 2014-02-28 2014-02-28 Lead standard interface for collecting electrocardiogram signal and electrocardiograph monitoring device CN103860165A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410076362.9A CN103860165A (en) 2014-02-28 2014-02-28 Lead standard interface for collecting electrocardiogram signal and electrocardiograph monitoring device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410076362.9A CN103860165A (en) 2014-02-28 2014-02-28 Lead standard interface for collecting electrocardiogram signal and electrocardiograph monitoring device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103860165A true CN103860165A (en) 2014-06-18

Family

ID=50899596

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410076362.9A CN103860165A (en) 2014-02-28 2014-02-28 Lead standard interface for collecting electrocardiogram signal and electrocardiograph monitoring device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103860165A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106419901A (en) * 2016-10-25 2017-02-22 北京工业大学 Wearable electrocardiogram monitoring system
CN106785700A (en) * 2016-11-28 2017-05-31 江苏苏威尔科技有限公司 Gatherer with self-contained built-in sensor

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1998030145A1 (en) * 1997-01-10 1998-07-16 Micromedical Industries Limited Universal ecg interface cable
US6716165B1 (en) * 2001-03-02 2004-04-06 Ge Medical Systems Information Technologies, Inc. Patient telemetry device and leadset designs for providing antenna diversity
US20080132106A1 (en) * 2006-12-05 2008-06-05 Lee Burnes ECG lead set and ECG adapter system
CN201691917U (en) * 2010-05-20 2011-01-05 西安交通大学 USB-based portable network household electrocardiogram (ECG) monitor device
US20110160785A1 (en) * 2008-09-11 2011-06-30 Kenji Mori Defibrillation catheter
CN202086473U (en) * 2011-06-14 2011-12-28 惠州科美思医用仪器有限公司 Dynamic electrocardiogram recorder
CN103156597A (en) * 2013-04-07 2013-06-19 上海埃司柯特生物信息技术有限公司 Electrocardio device capable of expanding lead
CN103211591A (en) * 2013-04-27 2013-07-24 董大泉 Electrocardiosignal collection box
CN203724087U (en) * 2014-02-28 2014-07-23 马骁 Lead standard interface and universal lead wire for electrocardiosignal collection

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1998030145A1 (en) * 1997-01-10 1998-07-16 Micromedical Industries Limited Universal ecg interface cable
US6716165B1 (en) * 2001-03-02 2004-04-06 Ge Medical Systems Information Technologies, Inc. Patient telemetry device and leadset designs for providing antenna diversity
US20080132106A1 (en) * 2006-12-05 2008-06-05 Lee Burnes ECG lead set and ECG adapter system
US20110160785A1 (en) * 2008-09-11 2011-06-30 Kenji Mori Defibrillation catheter
CN201691917U (en) * 2010-05-20 2011-01-05 西安交通大学 USB-based portable network household electrocardiogram (ECG) monitor device
CN202086473U (en) * 2011-06-14 2011-12-28 惠州科美思医用仪器有限公司 Dynamic electrocardiogram recorder
CN103156597A (en) * 2013-04-07 2013-06-19 上海埃司柯特生物信息技术有限公司 Electrocardio device capable of expanding lead
CN103211591A (en) * 2013-04-27 2013-07-24 董大泉 Electrocardiosignal collection box
CN203724087U (en) * 2014-02-28 2014-07-23 马骁 Lead standard interface and universal lead wire for electrocardiosignal collection

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106419901A (en) * 2016-10-25 2017-02-22 北京工业大学 Wearable electrocardiogram monitoring system
CN106785700A (en) * 2016-11-28 2017-05-31 江苏苏威尔科技有限公司 Gatherer with self-contained built-in sensor
CN106785700B (en) * 2016-11-28 2019-03-08 江苏苏威尔科技有限公司 The collector of included built-in sensors

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
JP5931855B2 (en) Smart phone or computer and the available cardiac monitoring device
US8983587B2 (en) Cooperative processing with mobile monitoring device and computer system
Fensli et al. A wireless ECG system for continuous event recording and communication to a clinical alarm station
US20020045836A1 (en) Operation of wireless biopotential monitoring system
US20060047215A1 (en) Combined sensor assembly
US20070270678A1 (en) Wireless Electrode for Biopotential Measurement
WO2005006968A1 (en) A portable electronic device and a health management system arranged for monitoring a physiological condition of an individual
CN102791194A (en) Head harness & wireless EEG monitoring system
JP5450436B2 (en) Noncontact biopotential sensor
CA2608962C (en) Monitoring system
WO2004027981A2 (en) Handheld low voltage testing device
US9192337B2 (en) Detachable biological signal measuring pad and biological signal measuring apparatus using the same
CN101390747A (en) Remote wireless network physiology multi-parameter monitoring device
EP2747637B1 (en) Eeg monitor with capacitive electrodes
Spanò et al. Low-power wearable ECG monitoring system for multiple-patient remote monitoring
US9492096B2 (en) ECG sensing apparatuses, systems and methods
EP1676524A1 (en) Arrangement for monitoring of a patient
US8267862B2 (en) Apparatus and method for monitoring health index using electroconductive fiber
CN101032397A (en) Portable wireless communication multichannel brain electric data collecting instrument
CN101637383B (en) System and mobile terminal for monitoring electrocardiosignal
CN201710473U (en) Intelligent health surveillance system
US20150022372A1 (en) Medical data acquisition systems and methods for monitoring and diagnosis
CN102166119B (en) Single-arm type electrocardio auxiliary fall detector
CN203234738U (en) Non-fixed-contact brain electricity collecting system
KR20110004660A (en) Apparatus for measuring physiological signals

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
C53 Correction of patent for invention or patent application
C10 Entry into substantive examination
C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
C02 Deemed withdrawal of patent application after publication (patent law 2001)